[Luyện thi tiếng Anh] Unit 8: Articles

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[Luyện thi tiếng Anh] Unit 8: Articles

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  1. ARTICLES (A, AN, THE) I. Indefinite Articles: A/ AN 1. A/An được dùng trước: -danh từ đếm được, số ít. Ex: a doctor, a bag, an animal, an *An: đứng trước nguyên âm hoặc “h” hour……… câm. Ex: an aminal, an hour……… -trong các cấu trúc: so + adj + a/an + noun Ex: She is so pretty a girl. such + a/an + noun - It’s such a beautiful picture. as + adj + a/an + noun + as - She is as pretty a girl as her sister. How + adj + a/an + noun + verb! - How beautiful a girl you are! -chỉ một người được đề cập qua tên. Ex: A Mrs. Blue sent you this letter. -trước các danh từ trong ngữ đồng vị. Ex: Nguyen Du, a great poet, wrote that novel. -trong các cụm từ chỉ số lượng. Ex: a pair, a couple, a lot of, a little, a few, a large/great number of…….. 2. A/An không được dùng: -ONE được sử dụng thay A/An để Ex: There is a book on the table, but nhấn mạnh. one is not enough. -trước các danh từ không đếm được. Ex: Coffee is also a kind of drink. -trước các danh từ đếm được số Ex: Dogs are faithful amimals. nhiều II. Definite Article: THE 1. THE được dùng trước: -những vật duy nhất. Ex: the sun, the moon, the world…. -các danh từ được xác định bởi cụm -The house with green fence is hers. tính từ hoặc mệnh đề tính từ. -The man that we met has just come. -các danh từ được xác định qua ngữ Ex: Finally, the writer killed himself. cảnh hoặc được đề cập trước đó. - I have a book and an eraser. The book
  2. is now on the table. -các danh từ chỉ sự giải trí. Ex:the theater,the concert,the church -trước tên các tàu thuyền, máy bay. Ex: The Titanic was a great ship. -các sông, biển, đại dương, dãy núi… Ex: the Mekong River, the China Sea,the Pacific Ocean,the Himalayas -một nhóm các đảo hoặc quốc gia. Ex: the Philippines, the united States. -tính từ dùng như danh từ tập hợp. Ex: You should help the poor. -trong so sánh nhất. Ex: Nam is the cleverest in his class. -tên người ở số nhiều (chỉ gia đình). Ex:The Blacks, The Blues, the Nams -các danh từ đại diện cho một loài. Ex: The cat is a lovely home pet. -các trạng từ chỉ thời gian, nơi chốn. Ex: in the morning, in the street, in the water….. -số thứ tự. Ex: the first, the second, the third…. -chuỗi thời gian hoặc không gian. Ex: the next, the following, the last... 2. THE không được dùng: -trước các danh từ số nhiều nói chung Ex: They build houses near the hall. -danh từ trừu tượng, không đếm Ex: Independence is a happy thing. được. -các danh từ chỉ màu sắc. Ex: Red and white make pink. -các môn học. Ex: Math is her worst subject. -các vật liệu, kim loại. Ex: Steel is made from iron. -các tên nước, châu lục, thành phố. Ex:Ha Noi is the capital of VietNam. -các chức danh, tên người. Ex: President Bill Clinton, Ba, Nga -các bữa ăn, món ăn, thức ăn. Ex: We have rice and fish for dinner -các trò chơi, thể thao. Ex: Football is a popular sport in VN. -các loại bệnh tật. Ex: Cold is a common disease. -ngôn ngữ, tiếng nói. Ex:English is being used everywhere -các kì nghỉ, lễ hội. Ex: Tet, Christmas, Valentine… -các mũi đất (nhô ra biển), hồ, núi. Ex: Cape Horn, Lake Than Tho, Mount Cấm, Mount Rushmore….. *But: the Cape of Good Hope, the Great Lake, the Mount of Olive…… -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------- EXERCISES (ARTICLES)
  3. I/ Choose the correct word or phrase for each blank. 1. My sister often goes to_______________ by bus. A. city B. a city C. the city D. cities 2. Have you visited______________ ? A. London University C. University of London B. the London University D. the University London 3. The view along_______________ is breathtaking. A. Pacific Coast C. Coast of pacific B. the Pacific coast D. the Coast Pacific 4. They went skiing in________________ last winter. A. Alps C. Mountain of Alps B. Alps Mountains D. the Alps 5. Those tourists took a boat trip on______________. A. Mekong River C. River Mekong B. the Mekong River D. River of Mekong 6. Many of people are interested in climbing______________. A. Mount Everest C. the Everest mountain B. the Mount Everest D. the mountain Everest 7. Four of them rowed a boat around______________. A. Great Lakes C. the Great Lakes B. the Lakes Great D. Lakes of Great 8. ______________ natural resources may be used up someday. A. World B. World’s C. The world D. The world’s II/ Fill in the blanks with a, an, the or (zero article) 1. Jason’s father bought him____________bike that he wanted for his birthday 2. ____________ Statue of Liberty was a gift of friendship from___________ France to______________ United states. 3. Rita is studying___________ English and___________ Math this semester.
  4. 4. __________ judge asked___________ witness to tell____________ truth. 5. Please give me__________ cup of___________ coffee with ___________ cream and___________ sugar. 6. __________ big books on___________ table are for my history class. 7. My____________ car is four years old, and it still runs well. 8. There are only___________ few seats for_____________ tonight’s musical. 9. ______________ chair that you are sitting in is broken. 10. _____________ Civil War was fought in ____________ United States between 1861 and 1865. III/ Put in a, the, some, or any where necessary. (1)_______ Wayle is (2)_________ small river that cuts across (3)_________ park near my house. I like sitting by (4)_________ Wayle on fine afternoon. It was warm last Sunday, so I went and sat on (5)________ river bank as usual. (6)_________ children were playing games on the (7)_________ bank and there were (8)_________ people rowing on (9)__________ river. Suddenly, one of (10)__________ children kicked (11)__________ ball very hard and it went towards (12)_________ passing the boat. (13)_________ people on (14)_________ bank called out to (15)__________ man in (16)___________ boat, but he did not hear them. (17)___________ ball struck him so hard that he nearly felt into (18)___________ water. I returned to look at (19)__________ children. But they weren’t (20)___________ in sight; they had all run away! The man laughed when he realized what happened. He called out to (21)___________ children and threw (22)___________ ball back to the bank. Choose the word or phrase that best completes each sentence 1. John and Marcy went to _______________ school yesterday. A. a B. an C. the D. 2. ____________Lake Erie is one of the five great Lakes in North America.
  5. A. a B. an C. the D. 3. On our trip to Spain, we crossed_______________ Atlantic Ocean. A. a B. an C. the D. 4. What did you eat for_____________ breakfast this morning? A. a B. an C. the D. 5. Louie played________basketball and_________baseball at the boys’ Club A. a, a B. an, an C. the, the D. , 6. While we were in______________ Alaska, we saw an Eskimo village. A. a B. an C. the D. 7. Phil can’t go to the movies because he has to write_____________ essay. A. a B. an C. the D. 8. David attend______________ Princeton University. A. a B. an C. the D. 9. Mel’s mother is in___________ hospital, so we went to visit her last night. A. a B. an C. the D. 10. Last night there was _____________ bird singing outside my house. A. a B. an C. the D.
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