A.3. The Basic Installation

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A.3. The Basic Installation

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A.3. The Basic Installation The installation process takes about 45 minutes, but for the sake of your own psyche, you'll probably want to set aside a whole afternoon. Once the installation is overkl;, you'll want to play around, organize your files

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  1. A.3. The Basic Installation The installation process takes about 45 minutes, but for the sake of your own psyche, you'll probably want to set aside a whole afternoon. Once the installation is overkl;, you'll want to play around, organize your files, and learn the lay of the land. A.3.1. Phase 1: The Installer Here's how you install Leopard onto a drive that doesn't have a version of Mac OS X on it already: 1. Insert the Mac OS X DVD. Double-click the Install Mac OS X icon in the disc's main window (Figure A-1). When the Restart button appears, click it. The Mac starts up from the disc and takes you directly to the first Installer screen. Figure A-1. Your installation adventure is about to begin. The very first step, though, is restarting the Mac, which the installer invites you to do. The installer soon falls into a pattern: Read the instructions, make a couple of choices, and click Continue to advance to the next screen. As you go, the list on the left side of the screen reveals where you are in the overall procedure. Tip: You can back out of the installation at any time before step 5, just by choosing Installer Quit Installer. When the Restart button appears, click it. Then eject the Mac OS X disc, either by holding down the mouse button while the computer restarts or, if you have a tray-loading CD drive, by pushing its Eject button during the moment of darkness during the restart. 2. Work your way through the Select Language screen, Welcome screen, and Software License Agreement screens, clicking Continue each time. Note that once you're past the Select Language screen, the Mac OS X Installer menu bar becomes available. In the Utilities menu are some very useful
  2. commands; they let you jump directly into programs like Disk Utility (to erase or partition your hard drive), Terminal (to do some Unixy preparatory steps), System Profiler (to see how much memory this machine has), Reset Password (if you've forgotten yours), and more. If you do decide to take that detour to another program, when you quit it, you'll return to the Installer program, right where you left off. The Software License Agreement requires you to click a button confirming that you agree with whatever Apple's lawyers say. 3. On the Select a Destination screen, click the disk or partition on which you want to install Mac OS X. Icons for all of your disks (or partitions) appear on the screen, but ones that are off-limits to Mac OS X (like CDs and USB hard drives) appear dimmed, if at all. WORKAROUND WORKSHOP The Leopard "Up to Date" Upgrade Disk When you buy Leopard from a store, you get the installer described on these pages—the one capable of performing either an Upgrade installation or an "Archive and Install" (that is, a clean install). You may have received a different DVD, however, thanks to Apple's Software Up-to-Date program. (That's where you pay only $20 or so for the upgrade—a consolation prize offered to anyone who bought a new Mac only a few weeks before a major new Mac OS X version comes out.) You'll know if you have this version, because the disc bears the label Upgrade Disc. Trouble is, there's no Archive and Install option when you run this installer. After all, these discs are intended to upgrade the copy of Mac OS X that's already on your new Mac. That doesn't mean, though, that you can't perform a clean install at all. If you use the Erase and Install option, you do indeed get a clean installation of Leopard. You'll have to recreate your accounts and settings, but at least you'll wind up with the considerable stability benefits of a clean installation. Click the icon of the drive—or the partition, if you've created one to hold Mac OS X—that will be your new main startup drive.
  3. Note: If a yellow, triangular exclamation point logo appears on a drive, it probably has a newer version of Mac OS X 10.5 on it. (Read the message at the bottom of the dialog box to find out.) That's the case if you're trying to install from the original 10.5 DVD, but you already have 10.5.2 on the hard drive, for example. No problem; you should be reading "The Clean Install" instructions on Section A.6 anyway. 4. Click Continue. You arrive at the Easy Install screen. The easiest way to proceed here is to click Install. But don't. Instead, take the time to click Customize. The Installer shows you a list of the various chunks that constitute Mac OS X. A few of them are easily dispensable. For example, if you turn off Additional Fonts, Language Translations (for Japanese, German, French, and so on), the drivers for printer models that you don't own, and the X11 Unix kit (Section 16.9), you save a staggering 5.5 gigabytes. It's like getting a whole mini-hard drive for free (ka- ching!). Click Done when you're finished gloating. POWER USERS' CLINIC Installing From an iPod All right, so you want to install Leopard onto a Mac that has a broken DVD drive. Or you want a faster, less scratch-prone way to install Mac OS X. If you have another Mac that does have a working DVD drive, and you also have an iPod or an external hard drive, here's a sweeter way. First, back up your iPod or external drive, if necessary; you're about to erase it. (You can skip this step if you use your iPod just for music. In theory, it's already a backup—of your iTunes music library! After you're finished with this little exercise, hook the iPod back up to the first Mac, and let iTunes sync all your tunes right back onto it.) Open Disk Utility (in your Applications Utilities folder). On the Erase tab,
  4. erase the iPod. Now click the Re-store tab in Disk Utility. From the Source list at the left side of the window (shown here), drag the Leopard DVD's icon into the top (source) box, and the iPod's icon into the destination box. Click Re-store, and confirm your decision. After the copying is complete, you can plug your iPod in any Mac and run the Leopard installer, exactly as described in this chapter. 5. Click Install. Now you're in for a 25-minute wait as the Installer copies software onto your hard drive. When the installer's finished, you see a message indicating that your Mac will restart in 30 seconds. If you haven't wandered off to watch TV, click the Restart button to end the countdown and get on with it. Mac OS X 10.5 is now installed on your Mac—but you're not quite ready to use it yet. See "The Setup Assistant" on Section A.7.
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