Adobe PageMaker 7.0 Classroom in a Book- P4

Chia sẻ: Cong Thanh | Ngày: | Loại File: PDF | Số trang:30

0
73
lượt xem
16
download

Adobe PageMaker 7.0 Classroom in a Book- P4

Mô tả tài liệu
  Download Vui lòng tải xuống để xem tài liệu đầy đủ

Adobe PageMaker 7.0 Classroom in a Book- P4: This book, as well as the software described in it, is furnished under license and may be used or copied only in accordance with the terms of such license. The content of this book is furnished for informational use only, is subject to change without notice, and should not be construed as a commitment by Adobe Systems Incorporated. Adobe Systems Incorporated assumes no responsibility or liability for any errors or inaccuracies that may appear in this book....

Chủ đề:
Lưu

Nội dung Text: Adobe PageMaker 7.0 Classroom in a Book- P4

  1. 80 LESSON 2 Architect’s letterhead Review questions 1 What is the difference between a spot color and a tint? 2 What’s the difference between opening a normal publication and a template? 3 What can you do if an object appears on top of others in an order you don’t want? 4 What is the easiest way to keep multiple objects together in the same arrangement? 5 When dragging an object, how do you ensure that it moves in a straight line? Answers 1 A spot color is a premixed ink applied to specified areas of the page on a commercial printing press. A tint is a spot color that is lightened by printing a dot pattern instead of the solid color. 2 When you open a template, a new, untitled publication is created by default. 3 Select the object, and choose Element > Arrange. Then choose one of the commands on the Arrange menu. 4 Select the objects and choose Element > Group. If you simply don’t want the objects to be moved, select them and choose Ele- ment > Lock Position. 5 Hold down the Shift key as you drag.
  2. Lesson 3 Project proposal The project proposal you’ll create in this lesson presents an architect’s plan for the development of a community facility within the town of Bella Coola, British Columbia. This three-page, black-and-white publication uses the same framework and design elements on each page. So that you’ll only have to create them once, you’ll build a master page containing the text, graphics, column guides, and page-numbers that you want to appear on every page.
  3. 82 LESSON 3 Project proposal In addition to assembling a master page, this • Creating a custom text wrap lesson introduces you to using styles to It should take you approximately 2 hours to apply character and paragraph formatting complete this lesson. attributes to paragraphs. More than ensur- ing consistency in a publication, styles free you from repeatedly selecting and applying Before you begin individual formatting attributes to each All files and fonts needed for this lesson are paragraph in a publication. Although the found on the Adobe PageMaker Classroom in PageMaker application provides a collection a Book CD-ROM in the folders 03Lesson of styles (style sheet), you will create and and Fonts, respectively. edit styles to build a style sheet specific to this publication. Note: Windows users need to unlock the lesson files before using them. For information, see This lesson covers: Copying the Classroom in a Book files on page • Establishing a master page 4. • Adding tints to the Colors palette Opening an existing document • Using the Control palette to resize objects Let’s take a look at the final version of the proportionally and to move objects proposal you will create in this lesson. • Specifying automatic page numbering 1 Before launching PageMaker, return all • Establishing a publication default stroke settings to their defaults by deleting the style and weight PageMaker 7.0 preferences file. See • Using page icons to turn pages “Restoring default settings” in Lesson 1. • Displaying and hiding master-page 2 In addition to the commonly used fonts elements listed in the Getting Started chapter, make sure the following fonts are installed: AGar- • Overriding the default leading method amond, AGaramond Bold, AGaramond • Autoflowing text Bold Italic, Birch, Myriad Bold, and Myriad •Adjusting the tracking (the spacing Roman. between words and letters) Windows only: Because of the way Windows • Varying the number of columns on handles fonts, AGaramond Semibold Italic a page appears in the ATM Fonts list as AGaramond, Bold Italic (notice the position of the comma), • Overriding type and paragraph while AGaramond Bold Italic appears as specifications AGaramond Bold, Italic. However, neither • Creating, editing, and applying styles AGaramond Bold Italic nor AGaramond
  4. ADOBE PAGEMAKER 7.0 83 Classroom in a Book Bold, Italic appear in font menus in Windows 6 Click the page 2 icon in the lower left applications. You must apply italic to AGara- corner of the publication window to view mond Bold to use AGaramond Bold Italic. You the second page. must apply bold to Myriad Roman to use Myriad Bold. To move forward one page, press the Page Down key. To move backward one All fonts used in this publication are Adobe page, press the Page Up key. Originals fonts. Birch is a particularly legible condensed display typeface and is notable for its angled serifs. 2 Preservation of thirty-one major trees identified in the northeast corner of the site would significantly reduce the 3 Launch PageMaker. total space available for devel- opment. It is recommended that the soil should remain undisturbed within 25 feet of the perimeter of the trees’ root systems. Consequently, an area Plan of some 185 feet by 320 feet would be exclud- ed from development plans in an effort to pre- An open design: interior plan of lower level 4 Choose File > Open, and double-click the serve the grove of Douglas Fir trees. conference room utilizes moving dividing Preliminary analysis of the site has indi- walls to create privacy amongst community. cated that it would be feasible to construct three below grade levels. However, structural site. It should be noted that extensive above considerations of excavation and proximity to grade construction would impair efforts to adjoining buildings may be reviewed. With provide natural illumination for below grade 03Final.pmd file in the 03Lesson folder to these parameters in mind, it can be calculated that, for below grade construction alone, spaces. Automobile ramp access from Grant Road to below grade parking will need to be Project there is cubage available to accommodate given further consideration as well. 273,650 square feet of space in three levels. This assumes that recommended measures LIGHT AND VIEW CONSIDERATIONS view the proposal you will create. would be taken to preserve the Douglas Fir trees, and utilized in the design. The extent of above grade construction is constrained by a desire to limit the maximum There is little doubt that the facility envi- sioned for the Northern Pointe site will largely rely upon adequate introduction of natural light and view to the underground levels to height of new construction to about 25 feet achieve a comfortable and successful indoor to 28 feet above grade, and to largely pre- environment. This could be accomplished serve the present garden environment of the through the use of sunken gardens which would adjoin below grade working areas to provide light as well as important visual ori- entation and variety. It can be recognized that sunken gardens or other light-searching ar- 1 B ELLA C OOLA chitectural elements will require substantial space to be fully effective. A recent study of such underground ar- chitectural spaces notes that many of the kinds of space with which we are dealing, would, “because of the dominant modes of activity within them, require relief by physical or visual connection to adjacent high activity areas or the external environment, or both. The Bella Coola Development Study Characteristic occupancy of such spaces Plan would by relatively secondary and routinized. Characteristic examples of such spaces would merges community requirements for the be conference centers, classrooms, and offic- es” (superscript 1 here). It is our judgment that the quantity and envisioned facility and the alternative quality of natural light and external views deemed adequate for underground spaces in the Northern Pointe Development cannot be approaches to building on the Bella Skylights, balconies, and sunken gardens established with certainty, owing to the pre- provide light to below grade levels. liminary nature of this study and the large Project Coola Northern Pointe site. Consultants’ re- main. In addition, it has been envisioned that ports regarding structural considerations and jointly required facilities would be available for tree evaluation are included for their con- all organizations to use on a shared basis, uti- tinued application to the problem. An effort lizing movable walls for privacy. has been made to work with the full extent of In utilizing the Northern Pointe site, it is space requirements currently voiced by the initially assumed that the envisioned facilities Western Division Management Center and the would be largely accommodated below Bella Coola Village Organization. Other organi- grade, and that above grade structures would zations were queried to form the basis of be intended to accommodate those func- judgment in determining the overall need. This tions demanding particular visibility and iden- recognizes that as the program development tity, such as a community recreation center. progresses, tenant requirements may change, It is very possible that significant heating The left margin of the second page displays but the essential square footage and cubic and cooling economies would be achieved by limitations for a below grade structure will re virtue of underground construction and the application of appropriate solar collection techniques. The southern face of proposed structures along Grant Road offer optimum the rotated display text, page number, and orientation for collection of solar energy. Ad- ditionally, natural illumination of below grade spaces would significantly improve the quali- ty of the indoor environment and has been recognized as an important component of the project. AVAILABLE SPACE ANALYSIS On the schematic site plan of the Northern Pointe site, a total area of some 200 feet by graphics that appear on each page of this 450 feet is indicated as the proposed maxi- Spectacular solar site: the southern face along mum extent of below grade development. In addition, we believe that a 345 feet by 475 feet area to the north of the community cen- ter may be considered for future inclusion in document. Grant Road will provide enough solar energy Northern Pointe development plans, although for the entire three level structure. it is not under consideration in this study. The full view of the first page displays a variety of text and graphic elements, with a single column of text positioned above two columns of text. The page icons in the lower left corner of the publication window indi- cate this document consists of three pages. 5 If the publication window does not fill the screen, click the Maximize button in the title bar to expand the window.
  5. 84 LESSON 3 Project proposal 7 Click the page 3 icon to view the third if scanned at 300 dpi. However, to save disk page. space, all the images in this project have been scanned at 100 dpi. 3 number of unresolved controlling factors. Yet it is evident that space will be required and must be set aside for natural light. clear limitations of available space, examina- tion of a range of options has led to a recom- mendation to accommodate 32,000 square Accordingly, we believe that space for feet of space in two buildings above grade. In natural light and view must be initially allocat- the time frame of Northern Pointe develop- ed on the basis of approximate judgment in ment it is felt that the Douglas Fir trees alone Assembling a master page lieu of more fixed guidelines. To this end, 15% would merit preservation during construction, of the total gross floor area, or some 42,500 although replacement planting of a number square feet, is allocated for natural light and of major trees is envisioned to follow con- Plan view throughout the underground areas. We struction. The current space planning figures expect that during further development of reflect these assumptions. this project, new information may suggest The resulting total 253,850 gross square some adjustment of this allocation. feet of space estimated to be available for de- velopment exceeds the current requirements CONCLUSIONS of 250,000 square feet by a moderate amount. Preceding analysis has delineated the clear limitations of space available for development below grade on the Northern Pointe site. At this juncture it would appear reasonable to ex- We would not necessarily suggest any further increase in the program size to more closely match the space available for development. There is considerable leeway for adjust- Every PageMaker publication contains at Project pect that 166,350 square feet of space could ment of the siting and configuration of the be accommodated below grade, easily accom- modating the three-level design. Further ex- pansion below grade to the north of the Grant Community Center may constitute valuable above grade buildings under consideration. At this level of investigation, only schematic studies of this question can be undertaken. A number of schemes of massing options have least one body page and one master page. space available for further development, been studied, and the strongest two have although it has not been studied herein or in- cluded in available space estimates. Although the constraints on above grade construction do not directly translate into been selected for illustration to suggest alter- nate ways to approach this unique problem.At this stage, it is suggested that the recom- mendations in this study be equally reviewed. While body pages contain the actual text and graphics of the publication, master pages contain repeating elements, such as margin and column guides, page numbers, headers, and footers. In PageMaker, the default mas- Above is a detail from the proposed expansion plan to north of the Grant Community Center. ter page is called Document Master. You can create and name additional master pages if your publication contains more than one Again, the left margin displays the graphics page design. For example, in a book the table and rotated display text. of contents, chapter divider, first page of a 8 Click the page 1 icon to return to the first chapter, body of the chapter, and index all page. may have separate master pages. 9 Choose View > Show Guides to display To produce a more cohesive design for this the guides used to assemble this proposal. multipage publication, you will establish a master page that will contain a variety of design elements, such as guides, repeating Defining printing requirements text, page numbering, and graphic elements This project proposal was designed to be that will be common to all its pages. printed on a 300 dpi or 600 dpi desktop laser printing device. As mentioned in the first Creating a new publication lesson, you need to determine the maximum printable area of the target printing device To create a master page, create a new or open before assembling a publication. an existing publication, and then display the master page itself. When printed on a 300 dpi or 600 dpi desktop laser printing device, grayscale 1 Choose File > New. Make sure Letter is photographic images scanned at a resolu- selected for Page Size. Click Double-sided to tion of 100 dpi will meet the print quality deselect it. To set the margin guides, type 2.5 requirements of this publication. Grayscale for Left, .75 for Right, .75 for Top, and .75 illustrations, however will print more clearly for Bottom. Choose 600 dpi for Target
  6. ADOBE PAGEMAKER 7.0 85 Classroom in a Book Output Resolution and choose (Windows The publication window displays the unti- only) HP LaserJet 5Si for Compose to tled publication with the specified page Printer. Then click OK. dimensions and margin guides. Note: If you do not have the required printer, you can still create the project as directed and then print it on your own printer by selecting your printer and its PPD (if it is a PostScript printer) in the Print dialog box when it is time to print. You can also use the Export Adobe PDF command to create an Adobe PDF version of the project rather than a printed copy, as described in Creating an Adobe PDF version of the flyer on page 41. 2 Choose File > Save As, and type 03Work.pmd for the file name, open the 03Lesson folder (if not already open), and click Save. The page 1 icon is highlighted, indicating page 1 is selected. To import, create, and modify text and graphic elements on a mas- ter page, you must select the master page. 3 Click the R master-page icon in the lower left corner of the publication window.
  7. 86 LESSON 3 Project proposal PageMaker displays the master page, and PageMaker automatically creates columns of highlights the R icon. The page still displays equal width, filling the entire image area the margin guides you specified in the Doc- between margin guides. Any column guides ument Setup dialog box. or ruler guides you create on a master page are automatically displayed on publication Note: A single-sided publication has only one pages. master-page icon. In a double-sided publica- tion, you would see master-page icons L and R 2 Choose File > Save. (for the left and right master pages). Adding tints to the Colors palette Creating column guides In previous lessons, you used the Colors With the margins already defined using the palette to apply tints (lightened colors) to Document Setup dialog box, you are ready text and graphic objects. In this lesson, you to specify the column guides. Even though it will add two tints of black to the Colors pal- is possible to vary column guides from page ette, providing a shortcut to applying the to page, placing column guides on master same tint to multiple objects. pages provides a consistent look throughout 1 Choose Utilities > Define Colors, and a publication. In addition, specifying col- click the New button. umn guides on the master page saves you the effort of specifying column guides on indi- 2 In the Color Options dialog box, type vidual pages. 20% Gray for Name, choose Tint for Type, choose Black for Base Color, type 20 for 1 Choose Layout > Column Guides. Type 2 Tint, and click OK to close each dialog box. for Number of columns, and click OK. You need to define another color, but this time you’ll use the Colors palette.
  8. ADOBE PAGEMAKER 7.0 87 Classroom in a Book 3 In the Colors palette, either click the new 3 In the Control palette, click the Scaling color button at the bottom of the palette or button to toggle it to proportional scaling choose New Color from the palette menu. ( ) so that the circle stays round. Then type .85 for W, and press Enter or Return. Palette menu Proportional-scaling button Non-proportional Proportional New color button By default, the Scaling button is set to non- 4 In the Color Options dialog box, type proportional scaling, letting you scale an 10% Gray for Name, choose Tint for Type, object’s height and width independently. choose Black for Base Color, type 10 for When set to proportional scaling, you can Tint, and click OK. enter a single value and PageMaker resizes The Colors palette displays the tints 10% the object evenly in both directions. Gray and 20% Gray in its list of colors and 4 In the Colors palette, click the Both but- adds a % sign to the right of each tint name. ton ( ), and select 20% Gray to apply the 5 Choose File > Save. 20% tint of black to the stroke and fill of the circle. Using the Control palette to resize an object proportionally After drawing a circle, you will use the Con- trol palette to resize and position it. This cir- cle will serve to frame the page numbers. 1 Select the zoom tool ( ), and magnify 5 Choose File > Save. the view of the upper left corner of the page. 2 Select the ellipse tool ( ), hold down Specifying automatic page numbering Shift (to constrain the ellipse to a circle), and drag to draw a circle of any diameter in the To automatically number all pages in this upper left corner of the page. publication, you will place a page-number marker on the master page. Note: With PageMaker, you can number the pages of a multiple-publication document consecutively from the first publication through the last, restart the page numbering in each publication, or combine the two
  9. 88 LESSON 3 Project proposal methods. You can also tell PageMaker to begin (Macintosh) and click again to select the each successive publication on the next odd or circle. (Holding down Ctrl or Command lets even page number. you select an object underneath an object.) 1 Select the text tool ( ), and drag to define a text block over the gray circle that is wider RM and taller than the gray circle (exact dimen- sions are not important). 5 With both objects selected, choose Ele- ment > Align Objects (Windows) or Ele- ment > Align (Macintosh). Click both the vertical and horizontal Center-Align but- tons, and click OK. You’ll set the text attributes before you type the page-number marker. 2 In the Control palette, choose AGara- mond Bold for Font. Type 50 for Size ( ) and 70 for Leading ( ). Click the Paragraph view button ( ), and click the Center-align button ( ). 3 Hold down Ctrl and Alt (Windows) or Command and Option (Macintosh), and 6 With both objects still selected, select the press p. center reference point in the Control palette The center-aligned page-number marker Proxy icon. Type 1 for X and .75 for Y, and RM (right master) is displayed on the gray press Enter or Return to align the center of circle, indicating where page numbers will the two objects with the specified coordinate appear. position. Note: If your publication had facing pages, Remember: Unless otherwise stated, the you would add a page-number marker on reference point in the Control palette Proxy both the right and left master pages. icon should be a square point, not an arrow. 4 Select the pointer tool, and click the page- 7 Select the text tool, and double-click the number marker. Then hold down Shift page-number marker to select it. together with Ctrl (Windows) or Command 8 In the Colors palette, click [Paper] to apply the paper color to the page number. 9 Choose File > Save.
  10. ADOBE PAGEMAKER 7.0 89 Classroom in a Book Establishing a publication default vertical ruler guide, and drag down to the stroke style and weight 2.16-inch horizontal ruler guide to draw Before drawing lines (to be printed) over a line. ruler guides and column guides (which don’t print), you will set a default stroke RM style and weight for the publication. If you know ahead of time that several elements in your publication will share certain charac- teristics (such as stroke style and weight), selecting default settings can save you time. Rather than creating a new vertical ruler For example, once you set a stroke style and guide, you will reposition an existing guide weight, PageMaker will use those default set- that is no longer needed. tings each time you draw a line, ellipse, rect- 7 Select the pointer tool, and position the angle, polygon, or frame. pointer over the existing 1-inch vertical 1 Click the pointer tool in the toolbox to ruler guide. Hold down the mouse button deselect all objects. until the pointer changes to a double arrow, drag it until it is aligned with the 2.25-inch 2 Choose Element > Stroke > .5-pt line to mark on the horizontal ruler, and release the establish a publication default. mouse button to reposition the guide. 3 Choose View > Send Guides to Back. The second line segment you will draw is a 4 From the horizontal ruler, drag to create a horizontal line. horizontal ruler guide at approximately 2.16 8 Select the constrained-line tool, position inches. the crosshair at the ending point of the line Note: Use the Control palette to help you posi- you just drew, and drag right to the intersec- tion ruler guides. It displays the pointer loca- tion of the 2.16-inch horizontal ruler guide tion as you drag.) and the 2.25-inch vertical ruler guide to 5 From the vertical ruler, drag to create a draw a second line. vertical ruler guide at 1 inch. RM The first line segment you will draw is a vertical line. 6 Select the constrained-line tool ( ), posi- tion the crosshair on the intersection of the bottom edge of the gray circle and the 1-inch 9 Choose View > Fit in Window to view the entire master page.
  11. 90 LESSON 3 Project proposal 10 From the horizontal ruler, drag to create Creating the rotated display text a horizontal ruler guide aligned with the You will create, rotate, and align the display bottom margin guide at 10.25 inches. text that is positioned in the left margin of The 10.25-inch horizontal ruler guide the master page. extends beyond the bounds of the bottom 1 Select the text tool ( ), drag to define a margin guide, facilitating precise alignment text block that spans the width of the image across the entire page. area (between the left and right margin The final line segment you will draw is a ver- guides). tical line. RM 11 With the constrained-line tool still selected, position the crosshair at the right ending point of the second line you just drew, and drag down to the 10.25-inch hor- izontal ruler guide to draw a third line. RM Before typing the text, you will use the Control palette to format the text. 2 In the Control palette, press the Charac- ter-view button. Then, choose AGaramond (Regular) for Font, type 130 for Size ( ), and click the Apply button ( ). 12 Choose File > Save. 3 Type Project. 4 With the text tool selected, double-click Project to select it. In the Colors palette, click 10% Gray to apply the 10% tint of black to the text.
  12. ADOBE PAGEMAKER 7.0 91 Classroom in a Book 5 Select the pointer tool, and click the text the 1.57-inch vertical ruler guide, with the to select it as a text block. In the Control bottom edge of the letter P aligned with the palette, make sure the center point of the 9.12-inch horizontal ruler guide. Proxy icon is selected, type 90 for Rotation Remember: If you drag immediately after ( ), and click the Apply button ( ). pressing the mouse button, you see the Project bounding box of the text block. If you pause before you drag, you see the characters in the RM text block as you drag, making it easier to align the baseline to a ruler guide or to align characters to each other. RM Project The text is rotated on the center point of the text block. 6 From the horizontal ruler, drag to create a horizontal ruler guide at approximately 9.12 inches. 10 Choose File > Save. 7 From the vertical ruler, drag to create a vertical ruler guide at approximately 1.57 Replacing selected text inches. You can save a bit of time if you copy and 8 Choose View > Snap to Guides to deselect paste the word Project to create a new text (uncheck) the option. block, and then replace Project with the word Plan. The new word will already be 9 With the pointer tool still selected, click rotated and have the correct font applied. the text Project to select it as a text block, and drag it until its baseline is aligned with 1 With the pointer tool still selected, click the word Project to select it as a text block, and choose Edit > Copy, and then choose Edit > Paste.
  13. 92 LESSON 3 Project proposal The pasted text block is rotated like the cop- of the letter P in the word Plan aligned with ied text block, and the text is formatted like the stem of the letter t in the word Project as the copied text. shown below. 2 Select the text tool ( ), double-click the pasted text to select it, and type Plan to RM replace the pasted text. Plan 3 Double-click the word Plan to select it, and in the Colors palette click 20% Gray. Project This design calls for the word Plan to use a smaller font size. 4 With Plan still selected, in the Control palette type 100 for Size ( ), and click the Apply button. RM 7 With the pointer tool selected, drag the top right handle to conform to the word Plan. Project Plan overlaps Project, and the master page is complete. Plan 8 Choose Edit > Select All and then Element > Lock Position to prevent acciden- tally modifying the master-page elements. 9 Choose File > Save. 5 Select the pointer tool, and drag the exist- Displaying and hiding master-page ing 2.25-inch vertical ruler guide to approx- elements imately 2.15 inches. You can display master-page elements on a 6 With the pointer tool still selected, click page-by-page basis, making it possible to the word Plan to select it as a text block, and create a publication that makes use of drag it until its baseline is aligned with the master-page elements on certain pages. 2.15-inch vertical ruler guide, with the stem
  14. ADOBE PAGEMAKER 7.0 93 Classroom in a Book 1 Click the page 1 icon in the lower left The first page of the publication is displayed, corner of the publication window to view along with all master-page elements. the first page. Since master-page elements are auto- Assembling the first page matically displayed on each page of the publication, the first page of the publication To assemble the first of three pages of the is displayed along with all master-page proposal, you will begin by creating and elements. The master page elements are at modifying text. Once the text is formatted, the bottom of the stacking order on the page you will create new styles and edit existing and cannot be moved. styles that you will use throughout the rest of this publication. Notice that this page displays an actual page number instead of the page number marker. Creating the title 2 Choose Edit > Select All, and notice how After establishing the character and none of the master-page elements are paragraph specifications for the title (Bella selected. Coola) that spans the top of the first page of Since the first page is displayed, it is not the proposal, you will type the text and possible to select text and graphic elements apply a 75% tint of black using the Colors on the master page. palette. You can easily hide master-page elements 1 Select the text tool ( ), and drag to define on a particular page in your publication, a text block that spans the width of the two provided it is the current page. columns (exact height is not important). 3 With the first page still displayed, choose View > Display Master Items to deselect the 1 option. Plan The text and graphic elements that you created disappear, and the nonprinting Project guides (margin, column, and ruler) are not affected. If you were to print this page, none of the master-page elements would be printed. 4 Choose View > Display Master Items to again display the master page items.
  15. 94 LESSON 3 Project proposal 2 In the Control palette, choose Birch for Since leading is a character attribute, you can Font, type 100 for Size ( ), and click the All apply more than one leading amount within Caps button ( ). the same paragraph. Note: By default, PageMaker automatically 5 Drag to select the letter C in the word sets the leading to 120% of the font size (as COOLA, and, in the Control palette, type indicated in the Control palette). 120 for Size, and click the Apply button. 3 Type bella coola. 1 1 BELLA COOLA Plan BELLA COOLA Plan Project Project 6 With the text tool still selected, triple-click Because you had selected the All Caps the title text to select it. button in the Control palette, the text is 7 In the Control palette, click the Para- displayed in uppercase letters. graph-view button ( ), and then click the Force-justify button ( ) to force the title 4 With the text tool still selected, drag to text to spread across the width of the text select the letter B in the word BELLA, and in block (which spans the two columns). the Control palette type 120 for Size, and click the Apply button. 8 With the text still selected, make sure [Black] is selected in the Colors palette, and Note: If different leading amounts occur choose 75% for Tint to apply a 75% tint of within a single line, PageMaker uses the black. largest leading amount for the entire line.
  16. ADOBE PAGEMAKER 7.0 95 Classroom in a Book To make the text easier to work with, you 9 With the text still selected, notice where will change the leading method used for the the text sits in the highlighted leading slug. title. The leading method controls where Choose Type > Paragraph. text sits in the slug. (As mentioned in Lesson 1, a slug is the vertical space used by each line of type.) PageMaker lets you choose three different leading methods: proportional (the default method), top of caps, and baseline. Propor- tional and baseline leading are the most common methods. 10 In the Paragraph Specifications dialog Bella Coola Bella Coola Bella Coola box, click the Spacing button. The Spacing Attributes dialog box (Win- A B C dows) and Paragraph Spacing Attributes A. Proportional leading B. Top of Caps leading dialog box (Mac OS) lets you to control the C. Baseline leading amount of space inserted between letters and words, the leading method, and the per- The proportional leading method (the centage of autoleading. In this example you method currently applied to the title) aligns will use the Spacing Attributes dialog box to the baseline of the text one-third of the slug override the proportional (default) leading height above the bottom of the slug. The method with the baseline leading method. baseline leading method, on the other hand, 11 In the Spacing Attributes dialog box aligns the baseline of the text with the bot- (Windows) or Paragraph Spacing Attributes tom of the leading slug. dialog box (Mac OS), select Baseline for When using baseline leading, the baseline of Leading Method. Hold down Shift (Win- the last line of text in a text block aligns with dows) or Option (Macintosh), and click OK the bottom of the text block. Because you’ll to close all the dialog boxes at once. be placing text underneath this title, it will be easier to work with other text blocks if the bottom of the title text block is not in the way.
  17. 96 LESSON 3 Project proposal Notice that the slug has shifted in the title 1 Choose File > Place, and double-click the so that the baseline touches the bottom of 03TextA.doc file in the 03Lesson folder. the slug. 2 Choose Layout > Autoflow. 12 Select the pointer tool, click the title text The pointer changes to an automatic to select it as a text block, hold down Shift text-flow icon. (to constrain the movement to 90º), and drag the text block to align the top edge of PageMaker has three text flow modes, each the smaller letters with the top represented by a different text-flow icon: margin guide. Manual flow Flows one column or text block at a time. 1 B ELLA C OOLA Automatic flow Flows text column to column until the entire story is placed, Plan adding pages if needed. Semiautomatic flow Flows text one Project column or text block at a time, ending with the loaded text icon if more text remains to be placed. Whenever you have a loaded text icon, you can switch temporarily between manual and automatic text flow by press- ing Ctrl (Windows) or Command (Mac- The 120-point letters overlap the top intosh). To switch temporarily to semiau- margin. tomatic flow, hold down Shift when the 13 Choose File > Save. loaded text icon is displayed. Placing text using the Autoflow command Use the Autoflow command when you have a lot of text to place. Flowing text automati- cally means PageMaker will create new pages until all text is placed, eliminating the need for you to add individual pages.
  18. ADOBE PAGEMAKER 7.0 97 Classroom in a Book 3 Making sure the automatic text-flow icon 6 With the pointer tool selected, click the does not overlap the margin guides or col- text in either column to select it as a text umn guides, click in column 1 below the title block. text. Note: Depending upon your monitor size and the zoom level, the text in both columns may 1 B ELLA C OOLA be grayed-out. The top and bottom windowshade handles Plan of the selected text block display plus signs ( ). As just mentioned, a plus sign in the Project windowshade handle indicates that text from the same story is contained in another text block. 2 these parameters in mind, it can be calculated that, for below grade construction alone, there is cubage visual connection to adjacent high activity areas or the external environ- ment, or both. Characteristic occu- available to accommodate 273,650 pancy of such spaces would by square feet of space in three levels. relatively secondary and routinized. This assumes that recommended Characteristic examples of such measures would be taken to preserve spaces would be conference centers, the Douglas Fir trees, and utilized in classrooms, and offices” (superscript Plan the design. 1 here). The extent of above grade construc- It is our judgment that the quantity tion is constrained by a desire to limit and quality of natural light and the maximum height of new con- external views deemed adequate for struction to about 25 feet to 28 feet underground spaces in the Northern above grade, and to largely preserve Pointe Development cannot be the present garden environment of the established with certainty, owing to site. It should be noted that extensive the preliminary nature of this study above grade construction would and the large number of unresolved The last lines of text in the story are impair efforts to provide natural controlling factors. Yet it is evident Project illumination for below grade spaces. that space will be required and must Automobile ramp access from Grant be set aside for natural light. Road to below grade parking will Accordingly, we believe that space displayed on page 3 of your publication, need to be given further consideration as well. Light and View Considerations for natural light and view must be initially allocated on the basis of approximate judgment in lieu of more fixed guidelines. To this end, There is little doubt that the facility 15% of the total gross floor area, or indicating PageMaker has automatically envisioned for the Northern Pointe site will largely rely upon adequate introduction of natural light and view to the underground levels to achieve a some 42,500 square feet, is allocated for natural light and view throughout the underground areas. We expect that during further development of comfortable and successful indoor this project, new information may inserted two pages. environment. This could be accom- plished through the use of sunken gardens which would adjoin below suggest some adjustment of this allocation. grade working areas to provide light Conclusions as well as important visual orienta- Preceding analysis has delineated the tion and variety. It can be recognized clear limitations of space available 4 With the pointer tool selected, click the that sunken gardens or other light- for development below grade on the searching architectural elements will Northern Pointe site. At this juncture require substantial space to be fully it would appear reasonable to expect effective. that 166,350 square feet of space A recent study of such underground could be accommodated below grade, text in column 1 to select it as a text block. architectural spaces notes that many of the kinds of space with which we are dealing, would, “because of the dominant modes of activity within easily accommodating the three-level design. Further expansion below grade to the north of the Grant Com- munity Center may constitute valu- them, require relief by physical or able space available for further The plus sign in the top windowshade han- dle indicates that text from the same story is Plus sign contained in another text block, and the empty bottom windowshade handle indi- In previous lessons you placed and created cates the end of the story. stories that were contained in a single text 5 Click the page 2 icon to view the second block. Since the story in this lesson is con- page of the publication. tained in five text blocks, the text in this publication is threaded (through multiple text blocks).
  19. 98 LESSON 3 Project proposal 7 Click the page 1 icon to view the first page Adjusting the tracking of the publication. After formatting the text, you will use the 8 With the pointer tool selected, click the Expert Tracking command to adjust the text in column 1 to select it as a text block. spacing between letters and words (track- ing) in the proposal text. This command is The first line of text in column 1 is posi- useful for darkening or lightening a page— tioned where you clicked to place the text, type with tight tracking darkens a page, and with the empty top windowshade handle type with loose tracking lightens a page. You ( ) indicating the beginning of a story. can also use Expert Tracking to adjust the Do not worry if the tops of the two text spacing of selected lines of very large or very blocks are not aligned at this point. You will small type (headlines and captions), or to be resizing these later to make room for an make text fit in a defined space on a page. introductory paragraph that spans both 1 Select the text tool ( ), click the proposal columns. text to establish an insertion point, and Note: If no text had been positioned in the top choose Edit > Select All to select the entire portion of column 2, the entire right column threaded story. would have been filled with text. Note: Once the entire story is formatted, you can apply specific styles to a few specific para- 1 B ELLA C OOLA The Bella Coola Development Study appropriate solar collection tech- niques. The southern face of pro- posed structures along Grant Road graphs (such as headlines, subheads, etc.) to override the original formatting, saving you Plan merges community requirements for offer optimum orientation for collec- the envisioned facility and the alter- tion of solar energy. Additionally, native approaches to building on the Bella Coola Northern Pointe site. Consultants’ reports regarding struc- tural considerations and tree evalua- natural illumination of below grade spaces would significantly improve the quality of the indoor environment and has been recognized as an impor- the effort of formatting all paragraphs indi- tion are included for their continued tant component of the project. application to the problem. An effort has been made to work with the full extent of space requirements cur- Available Space Analysis On the schematic site plan of the vidually. Project rently voiced by the Western Division Northern Pointe site, a total area of Management Center and the Bella some 200 feet by 450 feet is indicat- Coola Village Organization. Other ed as the proposed maximum extent organizations were queried to form of below grade development. In addi- 2 In the Control palette, click the Character- the basis of judgment in determining tion, we believe that a 345 feet by the overall need. This recognizes that 475 feet area to the north of the as the program development community center may be considered progresses, tenant requirements may for future inclusion in Northern change, but the essential square Pointe development plans, although it footage and cubic limitations for a below grade structure will remain. In addition, it has been envisioned that jointly required facilities would be is not under consideration in this study. Preservation of thirty-one major trees identified in the northeast corner of view button. Choose Myriad Roman for available for all organizations to use the site would significantly reduce the on a shared basis, utilizing movable walls for privacy. In utilizing the Northern Pointe site, it is initially assumed that the envi- total space available for development. It is recommended that the soil should remain undisturbed within 25 feet of the perimeter of the trees’ root Font, type 8.7 for Size ( ) and 13 for Lead- sioned facilities would be largely ing ( ), and click the Apply button ( ). systems. Consequently, an area of accommodated below grade, and that some 185 feet by 320 feet would be above grade structures would be excluded from development plans in intended to accommodate those effort to preserve the grove of functions demanding particular Douglas Fir trees. visibility and identity, such as a Preliminary analysis of the site has community recreation center. indicated that it would be feasible to It is very possible that significant heating and cooling economies would be achieved by virtue of underground construction and the application of construct three below grade levels. However, structural considerations of excavation and proximity to adjoin- ing buildings may be reviewed. With 3 With the text still selected, click the Para- graph-view button ( ) in the Control pal- ette. Then type .25 for First-line Indent ( ), and click the Justify button ( ). 9 Choose File > Save.
  20. ADOBE PAGEMAKER 7.0 99 Classroom in a Book The first line of each paragraph is indented, Note: It is also possible to select a tracking with the left and right edges of the text option from the Tracking pop-up menu in the aligned with the edges of the text block. character view of the Control palette. Now that the text is formatted, you will use 1 the Expert Tracking command to adjust the spacing between letters and words (track- B ELLA C OOLA The Bella Coola Development Study ern Pointe site, a total area of some 200 feet by 450 feet is indicated as the proposed max- imum extent of below grade development. In Plan merges community requirements for the en- addition, we believe that a 345 feet by 475 feet ing) in the proposal text. visioned facility and the alternative ap- proaches to building on the Bella Coola North- ern Pointe site. Consultants’ reports regarding structural considerations and tree evaluation area to the north of the community center may be considered for future inclusion in Northern Pointe development plans, although it is not under consideration in this study. are included for their continued application to Preservation of thirty-one major trees the problem. An effort has been made to work identified in the northeast corner of the site with the full extent of space requirements cur- would significantly reduce the total space 4 Hold down Ctrl (Windows) or Command rently voiced by the Western Division Manage- available for development. It is recommended ment Center and the Bella Coola Village Orga- that the soil should remain undisturbed within nization. Other organizations were queried to 25 feet of the perimeter of the trees’ root sys- Project form the basis of judgment in determining the tems. Consequently, an area of some 185 feet overall need. This recognizes that as the pro- by 320 feet would be excluded from develop- (Macintosh) together with the spacebar, and gram development progresses, tenant require- ment plans in an effort to preserve the grove ments may change, but the essential square of Douglas Fir trees. footage and cubic limitations for a below Preliminary analysis of the site has indi- grade structure will remain. In addition, it has cated that it would be feasible to construct been envisioned that jointly required facilities three below grade levels. However, structural would be available for all organizations to use considerations of excavation and proximity to drag diagonally across the text in column 1 on a shared basis, utilizing movable walls for privacy. In utilizing the Northern Pointe site, it is initially assumed that the envisioned facilities adjoining buildings may be reviewed. With these parameters in mind, it can be calculated that, for below grade construction alone, there is cubage available to accommodate 273,650 would be largely accommodated below grade, square feet of space in three levels. This as- to enclose half the text block. and that above grade structures would be in- tended to accommodate those functions de- manding particular visibility and identity, such as a community recreation center. sumes that recommended measures would be taken to preserve the Douglas Fir trees, and utilized in the design. The extent of above grade construction is It is very possible that significant heating constrained by a desire to limit the maximum and cooling economies would be achieved by height of new construction to about 25 feet virtue of underground construction and the to 28 feet above grade, and to largely preserve In this magnified view, notice how the spac- application of appropriate solar collection techniques. The southern face of proposed structures along Grant Road offer optimum orientation for collection of solar energy. Ad- the present garden environment of the site. It should be noted that extensive above grade construction would impair efforts to provide natural illumination for below grade spaces. ditionally, natural illumination of below grade Automobile ramp access from Grant Road to ing between letters and words in the pro- spaces would significantly improve the quali- ty of the indoor environment and has been recognized as an important component of the project. below grade parking will need to be given fur- ther consideration as well. Light and View Considerations There is little doubt that the facility envi- posal text is fairly tight. Available Space Analysis On the schematic site plan of the North- sioned for the Northern Pointe site will largely rely upon adequet introduction of natural 5 With the entire story still selected, choose Type > Expert Tracking > Very Loose. 6 Choose File > Save. The Expert Tracking menu displays six tracking options. The default tracking Varying the number of columns option No Track means no tracking has on a page been applied to the text. You can have a different number of columns Because Very Loose tracking increases letter on different parts of a single page. In this spacing for this point size (of this typeface), example, you will create a single column of the loosened tracking makes the page appear text below the title text, above the two exist- lighter. ing columns of text. You will begin by reducing the size of the text blocks in the left and right columns to make room for a text block that spans the image area (between the left and right margins).
Đồng bộ tài khoản