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Sentence transformation 1.c 1. Though the doctor warned him, he kept on smoking. 2. - In spite of ……… 3. She preferred to stay at home rather than go to the play. 4. - She preferred staying … 5. He doesn’t smoke, and his brother doesn’t smoke, either. 6. - Neither ……………… 7. She came to London to study English. 8. - She came ……………..so that. ……….. 9. Because she behaves badly everyone hates her.

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  1. Sentence transformation 1.c 1. Though the doctor warned him, he kept on smoking. 2.  In spite of ……… 3. She preferred to stay at home rather than go to the play. 4.  She preferred staying … 5. He doesn’t smoke, and his brother doesn’t smoke, either. 6.  Neither ……………… 7. She came to London to study English. 8.  She came ……………..so that. ……….. 9. Because she behaves badly everyone hates her. 10.  Because of …………………… 11. “ Shall we post it, Sir?”, he said. 12.  He asked ……………………………………. 13. “ When it stops snowing we must start digging ourselves out”, I said. 14.  I said that… 15. He found that it was impossible to study at home. 16.  He found ……………………. 17. It was more expensive than I thought. 18.  I …………………………………………. 19. I bought a book for James. 20.  I bought …………………………………………….. Sentence transformation 2.c 1. The last time it rained was a fortnight ago. 2.  It ………………………………….. 3. Your decision to get married before finishing your degree surprised us. 4.  We were…….. 5. The car was so rusty that it couldn’t be repaired. 6.  The car was too……………… 7. He never had enough money. 8.  He is always ……………………………………. 9. Yogurt is supposed to be good for you. 10.  Yogurt is supposed to ……………….. 11. “ You stole my best cassette, Amanda!”, said William. 12.  William accused ……. 13. Because of the rough sea, the ferry couldn’t sail. 14.  The rough sea …………….. 15. Please check the damage before signing the delivery note. 16.  Don’t ……………. 17. Roses can’t possibly grow in such poor ground. 18.  It is ………………………… 19. Your car might break down on the rough mountain road, so take plenty of spare parts. 20.  In case ……………………………………………………………………………. Sentence transformation 3.c 1. He is said to have been in the French foreign legion. 2.  People ……………………. 3. During his child hood the family lived in Corn wall.
  2. 4.  His family ………………. 5. He is thought to be the best player. 6.  It is …………………………………………. 7. He seemed to be living in the area. 8.  It seemed ………………………………….. 9. “ Where is the station car- park?”, said Mrs. Smith. 10.  Mrs. Smith asked ………… 11. That was a silly thing to say. 12.  What …………………………………………….. 13. They traveled across India, and then flew on to Korea. 14.  After…………………. 15. She cut the apple into quarters and gave each child a piece. 16.  The apple ………… 17. In spite of his age, Mr. Benson runs seven miles before breakfast. 18.  Although….. 19. There are two large restaurants in the art gallery. 20.  The art gallery………………. Sentence transformation 4.c 1. The police started looking for him two months ago. 2.  For two months now the …. 3. How old do you think this house is? 4.  When do you think ……………………….? 5. This holiday is so expensive. I don’t think I can go. 6.  It is such…………………… 7. He spoke so quickly that I couldn’t understand what he said. 8.  He spoke too……… 9. I’m grateful that you looked after my mother so well. 10.  Thank you ………………. 11. “ Why didn’t I get a computer before?”, Thought the manager. 12.  The manager wondered… 13. “ you’d better not lend him any more money, Alice”, said John. 14.  John advised Alice…….. 15. I started work for the company a year ago. 16.  I’ve been…………………………… 17. Susan felt sick, because she ate four cream cakes. 18.  If Susan …………………. 19. My needs to be cleaned before the interview. 20.  I must………………………….. Sentence transformation 5.c 1. As I get older, I want to travel less. 2.  The older…………………………………………… 3. A house in that strict will cost at least $. 100, 000. 4.  You won’t be able to ……………… 5. Alan worked too hard at the office, and this led to his illness.
  3. 6.  Alan’s illness …………... 7. My parents let me go abroad alone for the first time last year. 8.  I was …………………… 9. It was his incompetence which led to their capture. If ……………………………………... 10. Having nowhere else to go, I tried to sleep in the station waiting room. 11.  As…………….. 12. I’d love to be in a secluded beach in Mexico. 13.  I wish……………………………………. 14. I only bought the dog because my children wanted a pet. 15.  If……………………………. 16. I’d love to live in Paris for a year. 17.  If only………………………………………………. 18. Does he know enough French to work as a translator? 19.  Is he……………………………? Sentence transformation 6.c 1. This furniture is so old that it’s not worth keeping. 2.  This is ……………………………… 3. Handicapped people find shopping in a supermarket difficult. 4.  It’s………………………. 5. Why don’t you meet to discuss the pay offer? 6.  I suggest………………………………….. 7. Without the treatment, the patient would have died. 8.  If he ……………………………….. 9. Although he didn’t speak Dutch, Bob decided to settle in Amsterdam. 10.  In spite………… 11. In spite of all our warning, he left cap without taking rifle. 12.  Although…………………... 13. No one has lived in that house for years. 14.  That…………………………………………… 15. It’s a pity that you wrote that letter. 16.  I’d …………………………………………………. 17. We must continue our efforts, whether there are problems or not. 18.  Regardless…………. 19. The reason I came here was solely to try and improve conditions. 20.  My sole purpose…… Sentence transformation 7.c 1. “ Less noise!” The teacher told the boys. 2.  The teacher shouted…………………………… 3. In the event of nuclear weapons being used, we are all doomed. 4.  If should ……………… 5. You should take two tablets every four hours. 6.  Two tablets should ………………………. 7. It’s extremely difficult for us to make ends meet these days. 8.  We find…………………… 9. They’ve been living here for six years now. 10.  They moved ………………………………..
  4. 11. Mrs. Taylor does not like living in such a small house. 12.  Mrs. Taylor wishes ……………. 13. Mr. Mill lost his job because he was late everyday. 14.  If Mr. Taylor………………………. 15. James spoke to his lawyer before signing the contract. 16.  James didn’t …………………… 17. I can’t go to the cinema because I do not have a car. 18.  The reason……………………….. 19. “ You’d better go to the doctor if you’ve got a pain in your back, Anna”, Henry said. 20.  Henry suggested ……………………………………………………………………………. Sentence transformation 8.c 1. Because there was much dust in his mine, he was ill. 2. –Because of ……………………….. 3. This lecture bores me to tears. 4.  I am …………………………………………………… 5. I expect that he will get there by lunchtime. 6.  I expect him…………………………….. 7. The last time I was in London was in 1972. 8.  I ………………………………………… 9. If I had known she was sick, I would have visited her. 10.  Had …………………………. 11. There is always trouble when he comes to visit us. 12.  Whenever………………………… 13. Is this the only way to reach the city center. 14.  Isn’t there……………………………….. 15. He never suspected that the money had been stolen. 16.  At no time……………………… 17. I have never seen such a mess in my life. 18.  Never in …………………………………… 19. Is it essential to meet your Aunt at the station ? 20.  Does your Aunt ……………………..? Sentence transformation 9.c 1. Galileo is considered to be the father of modern astronomy. 2.  Galileo is regarded ………. 3. The last time it rained was a fortnight ago. 4.  It……………………………………………. 5. The doctor advised me to rest. 6.  The doctor suggested …………………………………… 7. The value of sterling has fallen considerably in the past week. 8.  There has ……………… 9. Their dog was so fierce that nobody would visit them. 10.  They had ………………………. 11. That dress has only the slightest mark on it. 12.  I can barely ………………………………. 13. He insisted on a full apology. 14.  Nothing but………………………………………………
  5. 15. He remembered, and so did she. 16.  He didn’t …………………………………………….. 17. My decision to get up and dance coincided with the band’s decision to stop playing. 18.  The moment ……… 19. My younger sister kept on telling us about the show. 20.  We …………………………… Sentence transformation 10.c 1. I only recognized him when he came into the light. 2.  Not until ………………………. 3. That rumor about the politician and construction contract is absolutely false. 4.  There is … 5. One runner was too exhausted to complete the lap of the race. 6.  One runner was so …….. 7. My mother was the most warm-hearted person I’ve ever known. 8.  I’ve ………………….. 9. They never made us do anything we didn’t want to do. 10.  We ……………………………. 11. The only thing that prevented the passing of the bill was the death of the prime Minister. 12.  Had it not …… 13. It’s quite pointless to explain. 14.  There is no…………………………………………….. 15. How could I help, except to offer to lend her some money. 16.  Other……………………. 17. We had to wait two hours for Donald. 18.  Donald kept ………………………………….. 19. It would not have been possible to solve that puzzle, even for a genius. 20.  That puzzle……. Sentence transformation 11.c 1. The students regretted that they had missed the lecture. 2.  The students regretted not …… 3. If you miss the program you can’t really judge. 4.  Unless ………………………………… 5. John and Mary moved to Edinburgh twenty years ago. 6.  It is ……………………………. 7. She never seems to succeed, even though she works hard. 8.  However……………………. 9. It was more of an argument than a discussion. 10.  It was not so …………………………….. 11. “ You damaged my bicycle, John”, said Margaret. 12.  Margaret accused ……………………. 13. It is one hundred years since the birth of D.H. Lawrence, the famous novelist. 14.  D.H. Lawrence ... 15. John Speck failed to find the source of the Nile river. 16.  John Speck didn’t succeeded ……………. 17. Maria didn’t apply for the job in the library and she regrets it now. 18.  Maria wishes ………………. 19. Helen wanted to know the name of Shirley’s hairdresser’s.
  6. 20.  “ Where………., Shirley”, Helen said Sentence transformation 12.c 1. Would you give this to the teacher, please? 2.  I hope………………………………………. 3. One day it’s possible that robots will do all our housework. 4.  All our housework ……….. 5. The University of Cambridge is going to award Professor John an honorary doctorate, I believe. 6.  Professor John is …………………....................................................................... 7. The government is going to cut its grants to postgraduate research students, apparently. 8.  Government grants ……… 9. Don’t you agree that research biologists have carried out some amazing experiments recently.  Some amazing experiments …………………………………………………… 10. I had better get back to work. 11.  It’s………………………………………………………. 12. My father speaks very little French. 13.  My father speaks hardly ………………………….. 14. The critics were very impressed by her performance. 15.  Her performance made …………… 16. I expected that he would get there by lunchtime. 17.  I expected ……………………………. 18. It’s time for you to do your homework. 19.  It’s time you……………………………………. Sentence transformation 13.c 1. This is the best essay I’ve ever written. 2.  Never ………………………………………… 3. I assumed that she would learn how to take shorthand after this course. 4.  It took it …… 5. I am terribly sorry, I thought you were a friend of Anna’s. 6.  I took ……………………. 7. Although she was busy, she managed to find the time to proofread for me. 8.  Busy……… 9. I would prefer you to do computer science. 10.  I’d rather…………………………………. 11. He didn’t get a visa until last Monday. 12.  It was ……………………………………….. 13. They continued to say that I was to blame. 14.  They persisted ……………………………. 15. Vietnamese coffee is considered to be the one of the best in the world. 16.  Vietnamese coffee……. 17. If you ask me well in advance, I’ll be willing to work over time. 18.  Provided you………………. 19. “ I never used bad language”, she said. 20.  She denied …………………………………………….. Sentence transformation 14.c 1. “ What time does the manager come back?”, The customer asked.
  7. 2.  The customer wanted ……. 3. You’d better not touch that switch. 4.  If I ……………………………………………….. 5. He said “ We must have a party to celebrate this”. 6.  He said that ……………………… 7. “ Must you go soon?” I said. 8.  I ………………………………………………………… 9. As a student, he had known great poverty. 10.  When ……………………………………………. 11. “ Why don’t you apply for the job, Anna?” said Sue. 12.  Sue suggested………………………… 13. Remind me water the plants. 14.  Don’t …………………………………………………………. 15. If it doesn’t rain soon, million pounds’ worth of crops will be lost. 16.  Unless…………………. 17. I didn’t realize who he was until later. 18.  Only later……………………………………………. 19. If you want my advice, you would forget about buying a new house. 20.  If …………………….. Sentence transformation 15.c 1. She asked him to repeat what he had said. 2.  Please……………………………………… 3. The switch was too high for him to reach. 4.  He was not tall……………………………... 5. It’s not worth living to make her change her mind. 6.  There’s …………………………... 7. I get to work in twenty minute. 8.  It ………………………………………………………. 9. It’s necessary that this work be finished by Monday. 10.  This work……………………….. 11. It’s a pity. I didn’t take my doctor’s advice. 12.  As if …………………………………….. 13. The bread is so stale that we can’t eat it. 14.  The bread isn’t ………………………………. 15. Who does this bag belong to? 16.  Whose……………………………………………………? 17. “ Never borrow money from friends”, my father said. 18.  My father told me……………… 19. The accident happened because the train driver ignored a warning light. 20.  If the train driver……. Sentence transformation 16.c 1. Paul said he was going to visit China the following year. 2.  “ I’m………………………..” 3. The porter told us the train had left five minute earlier. 4.  I’m sorry buy………………… 5. She couldn’t afford the Persian cat. 6.  The Persian cat…………………………………….
  8. 7. The cheetah is the fastest animals in the world. 8.  No animals runs………………………. 9. You must not smoke in here.  Smoking…………………………………………………. 10. “ Would you like to come around for a drink?”, he said. 11.  He …………………………… 12. “Don’t swim out too far, boys”, I said. 13.  I warned ………………………………………. 14. “ Go on, apply for the job”, said Jack. 15.  Jack ……………………………………………... 16. He asked all persons not traveling to go ashore. 17.  Will……………………………………? 18. “ If the flood gets worse we must leave house”, He said. 19.  He said that………………….. Sentence transformation 17.c 1. Somebody repaired her refrigerator last month. 2.  She …………………………………… 3. He would prefer you to tell him a story. 4.  He’d rather……………………………………. 5. The post man was bitten by our dog. 6.  Our dog………………………………………….. 7. We couldn’t drive because of the fog. 8.  The fog prevented……………………………… 9. He failed to win the race. 10.  He didn’t …………………………………………………… 11. I really realized what I had missed when they told me about it later. 12.  Only when……… 13. There weren’t nearly as many people there as I had expected. 14.  There were far………… 15. When the Minister was asked about the strike, he declined to comment. 16.  On…………. 17. There was no need for you to have gone to all that trouble. 18.  You ……………………… 19. People don’t say things like that. 20.  I wish………………………………………………. Sentence transformation 18.c 1. The doctor advised me to rest. 2.  The doctor suggested …………………………………….. 3. They had to wait for 12 hours before their flight left. 4.  Only after a ……………………….. 5. Their teacher is making them study hard. 6.  They are………………………………………... 7. They were just as good as we had expected. 8.  They certainly lived …………………………
  9. 9. Even though I admired his courage, I think he is foolish. 10.  Much …………………………. 11. Cane head is cleared in court. 12.  A headmaster……………………………………………… 13. Gunman kills 3 people in Bank Drama. 14.  A man ………………………………………….. 15. Riddle of missing heiress solved. 16.  The police…………………………………………….. 17. “ Police attacked” Says student leader. 18.  A student leader………………………………… 19. Storm grows over long hair in school. 20.  Parents and pupils are………………………….... Sentence transformation 19.c 1. She admitted that she took the necklace.  She admitted to ……………………………….. 2. The headmaster said some reassuming things.  What …………………………………… 3. Do you have a good relationship with your boss ?.  Are …………………………………. 4. Most students can work hard when they feel like it.  Most students are capable…………. 5. I’m really sorry. I didn’t invite her to the party.  I really wish……………………………. 6. She didn’t inherit any thing under her uncle’s will.  Her uncle didn’t……………………. 7. The only thing I didn’t steal was the television.  They stole……………………………… 8. It seems that no-one predicted the correct result.  No-one………………………………... 9. They had been lost in the mountain for three days, but they looked strong and healthy.  Even…………………………………………………………………………………………. 10. I’ll find that man, no matter how long it takes.  However………………………………... Sentence transformation 20.c 1. “ You should have waited for us”, The team leader said to John.  The team leader criticized ……... 2. It’s possible that he didn’t get my letter.  He might ……………………………………………….. 3. The last time it rained here was six years ago.  It ………………………………………………….. 4. The film star wore dark glasses so that no-one would recognize him.  The film star avoided……… 5. I am amazed by the mistakes he makes.  What……………………………………………………… 6. We weren’t surprised by his success.  It came ……………………………………………………… 7. “ That’s a lovely new dress, Jim,” said his mother.  Jim’s mother complimented………………….. 8. We couldn’t find George any where.  George was …………………………………………………. 9. We couldn’t relax until all the guests had gone home.  Only………………………………………. 10. Customs officials are stopping more travelers than usual this week.  An increased ………………. Sentence transformation 21.c 1. “ You’d better not lend them any more money, Tom,” said John.  John advised Tom…….. 2. You will catch a cold if you don’t keep your feet dry.  Unless…………………………….. 3. Mark is too young to get married.  Mark is not……………………………………………. 4. That factory is producing more and more pollution.  More and more pollution …………. 5. He couldn’t escape from prison because it was very secure.  The prison………………….. 6. Without his help, we would all have died.  If it …………………………………………... 7. He forgot about the gun until he got home.  Not until……………………………………... 8. May I borrow your pen?  Would you mind ………………………………………………..?
  10. 9. “ I’d take a taxi if I were you,” said Peter.  Peter suggested ………………………………. 10. My boyfriend is very short tempered.  My boyfriend loses………………………………... Sentence transformation 22.c 1. House prices have risen dramatically this year.  There has ………………………………… 2. This affair does not concern you.  This affair is no…………………………………………. 3. You must submit articles for the magazine by June 18th .  The final date………………….. 4. Although Jimmy was the stronger of the two, his attacker soon overpowered him.  Despite his……………………………………………………………………………………………… 5. What a surprise to see you here!  Fancy……………………………………………………. 6. I don’t intend to apologize to either of them.  I have ……………………………………… 7. It was only when left home that I realized how much my father meant to me.  Not until………… 8. The only reason the party was a success was that a famous film star attended.  Had it not………. 9. You can use it as long as you like, and it won’t wear out.  No matter…………………………… 10. If the work is finished by lunchtime, you can go home.  Get…………………………………….. Sentence transformation 23.c 1. Although he was not guilty. They executed him.  In spite of …………………………….. 2. I certainly don’t intend to reply to that rude letter from Edward.  I have …………………. 3. “ It certainly wasn’t me who took your car!” said Bob.  Bob denied ……………………. 4. Mary told the police about the burglary.  Mary reported………………………………….. 5. We may not be able to give the concert.  The concert…………………………………….. 6. They had hardly left home when it started to rain.  No sooner…………………………… 7. You can use my car, but have to keep it carefully.  Provided……………………………. 8. You are both funny and witty.  Not only ………………………………………………… 9. He behaved shamefully towards his wife.  He treated …………………………………… 10. The chances are a hundred against you.  It’s most………………………………………. Sentence transformation 24.c 1. The rail workers do not intend to call off their strike.  The rail workers have no………… 2. Mrs. Scot is very proud of her cooking.  Mrs. Scot prides………………………………. 3. It was the goalkeeper who saved the match for us.  If it hadn’t ………………………… 4. I wasn’t a bit surprised to hear that Karen had changed her job.  It came………………… 5. You can try to get Tim to lend you his car but you won’t succeed.  There’s no point ….... 6. “ Please don’t drive so fast!” Ann begged her boyfriend. Ann pleaded……………………... 7. Despite his hard study at school, he failed the exam.  Even though……………………… 8. She is proud of being a good student.  She prides………………………………………… 9. My protests were ignored.  Nobody……………………………………………………..... 10. I’m sure you took my suitcase by mistake.  I’m sure he didn’t…………………………… Sentence transformation 25.c 1. Perhaps Brian went home early.  Brian ………………………………………………… 2. My father finds maps hard to follow.  My father has …………………………………... 3. Customs officials are stopping more travelers than usual this week.  An increased……. 4. I dislike people criticize me unfairly.  I object………………………………………….. 5. I thought I might run out of cash, so I took my cheque -book with me.  I took my ……..
  11. 6. The workers only called off the strike after a new pay offer.  Only after………………. 7. He was sentenced to six months in prison for his part in the robbery.  He received a …. 8. You can eat as much as you like for $. 5 at the new lunch- bar.  There is no …………... 9. She wore a hearing- aid, even though she could hear the phone ring perfectly well.  She wasn’t so………………………………………………………………………………….. 10. You will never meet anyone more generous than Mrs. Jones.  Mrs. Jones is …………. Sentence transformation 26.c 1. My parents let me go abroad alone for the first time last year.  I was……………………. 2. It was his incompetence which led to their capture.  If …………………………………... 3. I’m certainly not going to give you any money.  I have no………………………………. 4. He’ll set down. Then his performance will improve.  Once ……………………………… 5. Although Judy was severely disabled she participated in many sports.  Despite her…….. 6. The instructions say you just add boiling water to the soup powder.  The soup powder…. 7. people who haven’t been abroad shouldn’t criticize foreign customs.  Nobody who……… 8. Simon hadn’t expected that he would feel so weak after the operation.  The operation left ………. 9. It’s nobody’s fault that the meeting was canceled.  Nobody………………………………………. 10. I never intended to go to the meeting.  I had no…………………………………………………… Sentence transformation 27.c 1. He never suspected that she was a witch.  At no time…………………………………….. 2. Are they likely to pass Proficiency?  Is there ……………………………………………..? 3. Whenever she went to Paris she bought a new dress.  She never………………………….. 4. Nobody is more anxious to help you than your mother.  Your mother……………………. 5. The farm laborer went to bed and at once felt asleep.  The moment……………………… 6. The last time it rained here was a fortnight ago.  It ………………………………………. 7. The noise next door did not stop until midnight.  It was not ……………………………… 8. The car was so rusty that it couldn’t be repaired.  The car was too………………………. 9. He never has enough money.  He is always……………………………………………….. 10. Yogurt is supposed to be good for you. Yogurt is supposed to do ………………………. Sentence transformation 28.c 1. We couldn’t answer those two questions.  Those two……………………………………… 2. We had never been so happy before.  We were……………………………………………. 3. Do you have to bring the heavy suitcase with you?  Is it really …………………………..? 4. They say Mr. Baker painted this picture.  Mr. Baker………………………………………. 5. His resemblance to his father is remarkable. . He looks ………………………………… 6. If you want to see Professor Smith, Wednesday afternoon is a good time to find him in his office.  Professor Smith is ………………………………………………………………… 7. Unless we leave now or we’ll miss our ride home.  We won’t miss……………………… 8. The computers will be available anytime but one o’clock.  The computer will not ……… 9. I’d love to go with you, but I’m beat ( tired/ exhausted).  I will not ……………………… 10. Bruce didn’t want to tell me the truth, but I found it anyway.  Although ………………… Sentence transformation 29.c 1. I’m certainly not going to give you any more money.  I have no ……………………….. 2. Their changes of success are small.  It is not ……………………………………………
  12. 3. It’s thought that the accident was caused by human error.  The accident is ……………. 4. The only reason the party was a success was that a famous film star attended.  Had it not…….. 5. Under no circumstances should you phone the police.  The last ………………………………. 6. Although the play had a good notices, not many people went to see it.  Despite……………….. 7. My father speaks a little English.  My father speaks hardly……………………………………. 8. He said he was not guilty of stealing the car.  He denied………………………………………. 9. I’m sorry now that I asked her to stay.  Now I wish…………………………………………... 10. They couldn’t trace who had supplied the information in the first place.  The source…………. Sentence transformation 30.c 1. It looks like rain to me.  I ………………………………………………………………………... 2. This is the most delicious cake I’ve ever tasted.  I have ………………………………………… 3. The people who were there didn’t notice anything unusual.  No one…………………………… 4. She left the university two years ago.  It is …………………………………………………….. 5. The gate is closed to stop the children running into the road.  The gate is closed so that……… 6. John could not find the right house.  John was ………………………………………………… 7. The doctor should have signed my insurance form.  My insurance form ……………………… 8. Michel laughed when I told him the joke.  The joke…………………………………………… 9. Jenny doesn’t play tennis as well as she used to.  Jenny used ………………………………… 10. The door was so heavy that the child couldn’t push it open.  The door was too………………. Sentence transformation 31.c 1. The only way to eliminate the world terrorism is by united opposition.  Only by……….. 2. If she hadn’t insisted kissing everyone goodbye, she would have caught the train.  If it hadn’t ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 3. The fisherman’s life was one of great poverty.  Throughout…………………………….. 4. Someone has suggested abolishing income tax.  It………………………………………. 5. I do not enjoy cooking for five hungry children.  Cooking……………………………… 6. No matter how hard I tried I couldn’t open the door.  Try………………………………. 7. The critics were very impressed by her performance.  Her performance made…………. 8. When are the council going to do something about the city’s traffic problems.  It’s high time something……………………………………………………………………………… 9. I didn’t realized who he was until later.  Only later …………………………………….. 10. The value of sterling has fallen considerable in the past week.  There has ……………… Sentence transformation 32.c 1. She had just had time to put up her umbrella before the rain came down in torrents.  No sooner……….. 2. “ Why didn’t you report the incident to the police last week?” The officer asked the frightened witness.  The officer wanted to know………………………………………. 3. The president visit attracted such an enormous crowd that all traffic came to a standstill.  So many ……………………………………………………………………………………… 4. A fire destroyed most of the old city of London in the 1960s.  The destruction…………… 5. He hadn’t been back to his home town for over 20 years now.  It is ……………………… 6. Traveling by plane is much more expensive than traveling by train.  Traveling by train…. 7. I would love to be rich and famous.  If only………………………………………………. 8. It took a long time for them to decide to get married.  They …………………………….. 9. “ Is it, or is it true that you have been misappropriating company funds?” The manager asked the accountant.  The manager wanted……………………………………………………… 10. If you want to save your eyesight, you must operate immediately.  Only by………………
  13. Sentence transformation 33.c 1. It seems to me that I met you in Cardiff in 1991.  I seem…………………………………. 2. I had just arrived home when she came.  No sooner ……………………………………… 3. Though she is intelligent, she is not the one we are looking for.  Intelligent though……… 4. The open-door policy has brought about a lot of radical changes.  Thanks to……………. 5. We could not contact him because he gave us the wrong number.  If he ………………… 6. People have talked much but done little about it.  Much………………………………….. 7. The way she walks is really queenly.  There is some thing ………………………………. 8. I gave myself no concern about whether he will come to power or not.  It makes no difference…………………………………………………………………………………….. 9. Because time is constrained , I am not going deep into the analysis of this dimension.  Due to……………………………………………………………………………………………… 10. I am sure she was very beautiful when she was young.  She must……………………….. Sentence transformation 34.c 1. People can sometimes be disappointed when they know each other well.  It can………….. 2. I’m sure she didn’t do it on purpose.  She can’t……………………………………………. 3. Smoking is not allowed in the ward.  Would you ………………………………………....? 4. What time do we have to get up in the morning?  Could you ……………………………..? 5. I’d like to make a phone call.  I wonder……………………………………………………. 6. It is a six hour drive from London to Edinburgh.  It takes…………………………………. 7. Turn off all switches before leaving the workshop.  All the switches…………………….. 8. It is ages since Alan visited his parents.  Alan…………………………………………….. 9. The patient recovered more rapidly than expected.  The patient………………………….. 10. My boss works better when he’s pressed for time.  The less……………………………… Sentence transformation 35.c 1. They ought to mend the roof.  The roof of the house …………………………………… 2. They didn’t follow the map, so they got lost.  If ………………………………………….. 3. Someone is painting our house.  We ……………………………………………………… 4. The old man had few friends.  The old man didn’t ………………………………………. 5. He’s likely to stay in the Grand Hotel.  He’ll…………………………………………….. 6. The value of sterling has fallen considerably in the past week.  There has …………….... 7. It won’t make any difference if it rains because we’ll still go.  We’ll still go …………… 8. We left quietly, so that we wouldn’t disturb the children.  So as ………………………… 9. I would do any thing for you.  There’s …………………………………………………… 10. Given fair warning, I could have avoided that date.  If you had told me…………………. Sentence transformation 36.c 1. We only send you books after receiving the money.  Only after the money……………… 2. You pay $ 20 a month for a period of a year.  You pay in twelve successive……………. 3. He’ll set down. Then his performance will improve.  Once……………………………… 4. The students’ riotous behavior should have been severely punished.  The student deserved ……… 5. There are more people out of work in this country than ever before.  Never………………………. 6. I can’t stand such a kind of behavior, and Jim can’t either.  Neither……………………………… 7. If he pays , he can fly.  He who…………………………………………………………………… 8. It is absolutely necessary for me to update my knowledge.  I find it………………………………
  14. 9. If I earn more, my wife will spend more.  The more…………………………………………….. 10. Could you pass me the salt, please?  Would you mind …………………………………………? Sentence transformation 37.c 1. It seems that he doesn’t see what you mean.  He doesn’t seem…………………………… 2. The way he talk is very interesting.  There is something………………………………….. 3. I have never been to Liverpool in my life.  Never in my life ……………………………… 4. Diana was killed in a accident in Paris in 1997.  It is in 1997 that…………………………. 5. We’ve recorded great achievement in socio- economic development over the last decade of renovation.  Great achievement……………………………………………………………. 6. To master English is by no mean easy.  It is ……………………………………………… 7. It was reported that the inflation rate in Vietnam reached 3.8% in 1997.  The inflation rate in Vietnam……………………………………………………………………………………. 8. I don’t think I should apply for this job.  I’d rather………………………………………… 9. It seems to me that he did Ph. D in the US in 1979.  He seems to ………………………… 10. I had just completed my report when he came for it.  No sooner………………………….. Sentence transformation 38.c 1. “ I’m sorry I’m late” said Ben.  Ben apologized ………………………………………….. 2. The reason I came here was solely to try and improve conditions.  My sole purpose……… 3. In the event of nuclear weapons being used, we all doomed.  If it should happen that if …. 4. The weathers much warmer than it was a few days ago.  A few days ago…………………. 5. It wasn’t necessary for you to go to much trouble on my behalf.  You needn’t……………. 6. It seems that no one predicted the correct result.  No one …………………………………. 7. Most students can work very hard when they feel like it.  Most students are capable……... 8. These new machines have put an end to queuing.  Before these…………………………… 9. I had only just put the phone down when the boss rang back.  Hardly ……………………. 10. What particularly impressed me was her excellent command of English.  I ………………. Sentence transformation 39.c 1. I didn’t know you were coming, so I didn’t wait for you.  If ……………………………… 2. When I picked up my pen, I found that the nib had broken.  On………………………….. 3. There is no danger that you will fall from the verandah.  There is no danger of ………… 4. He is a man of extremely honesty.  He is an ……………………………………………. 5. If it had helped. I should not have been able to find my way.  Without………………….. 6. When the weather is cold I wear a jersey.  In …………………………………………… 7. The news that he would be going to University pleased him very much.  The news of …. 8. I do physical training because I want to keep fit.  I do physical training in ………………. 9. The sea was so cold that we couldn’t swim.  The sea was too ……………………………. 10. He felt ill to get up.  He did not …………………………………………………………… Sentence transformation 40.c 1. I will marry her and I don’t care how old she is.  No matter……………………………….. 2. To go to school is never too late.  It is …………………………………………………….. 3. If you don’t study harder, you will surely fail the next exam.  Unless…………………….. 4. The people who are in group one will have to move to room 106 on the ground floor.  Those who……………………………………………………………………………………. 5. I met him for the first time in 1985.  I haven’t ……………………………………………
  15. 6. I didn’t meet him because I miss the bus.  Is I had caught………………………………. 7. I wish I had one million dollars.  In only I ………………………………………………… 8. I’d rather not say anything about it.  I’d prefer……………………………………………. 9. Besides her room mate, Janis has a lot of friends.  In addition to ……………………….. 10. Kipling himself was the first English writer to whom the Nobel Prize was awarded.  It is …………………………………………………………………………………………… Sentence transformation 41.c 1. Do you know who this coat belong to? ( whose)  Do you know………………………………………………………………………….is? 2. Jo’s training accident meant she couldn’t take part in the race. ( prevented)  Jo’s training accident…………………………………………………...part in the race. 3. Cyclists are not allowed to ride on the station platform. ( must)  Bicycles …………on the station platform. 4. To Alan’s amazement, the passport office was closed when he arrived. ( find)  Alan………………………………………..the passport was closed when he arrived 5. It isn’t necessary to book tickets for a show in advance. ( need)  You …………………………………….tickets for a show in advance. 6. The top shelf was so high that the children couldn’t reach it. ( high)  The top shelf ……………………………………………………the children to reach. 7. I’d prefer you to start work next week. ( rather)  I …………………………………………………………………work next week. 8. “ Do you remember what you have to do?” The teacher asked the students. ( what)  The teacher asked the students if ……………………………………….to do. 9. It’s unusual for Carol to get angry with her staff. ( hardly)  Carol ………………………………………………temper with her staff. 10. There’s no ice-cream left. ( run)  We ………………………………..ice- cream. Sentence transformation 42.c 1. Don’t you regret not learning to swim? ( Wish)  Don’t you …………………………………………………………………...swim? 2. Working outdoors is much nicer than working in an office. ( nice)  Working in an office ……………………………………………………………….. 3. Maria will be ready any minute, and then we must leave. ( soon)  We must leave ……………………………………………………ready. 4. The last time I saw him was when I lived in London. ( since)  I ………………………………………………………….I lived in London. 5. Why don’t you phone me later to discuss this ? ( give)  Why don’t you ……………………………………………..later to discuss this? 6. I was on the point of leaving the office. ( about)  I was just ……………………………………………………………….office. 7. I am fed up with his behavior. ( enough)  I …………………………………………………………………his behavior. 8. Our senior manager is dealing with this matter, Sir. ( being)  The matter…………………………………………...............our senior manager, Sir.
  16. 9. You don’t normally go into town by car. ( used)  I ……………………………………………………………..into town by car. 10. I would like to express my thanks for everything you have done for me. ( thankful)  I’d like to say …………………………….am for everything you have done for me. Sentence transformation 43.c 1. People claim that he is the best tennis player of our time. ( said)  He …………………………………………………….best tennis player of our time. 2. They left early because they didn’t want to get caught in the traffic. ( avoid)  They left early in order………………………………………...in the traffic. 3. Why didn’t they tell me about the change earlier? ( should)  I …………………………………………………..about the change earlier. 4. Nobody play this piece of music as beautifully as she does. ( more)  She plays this piece of music………………………………………..else. 5. If I don’t leave now, I’ll miss the train. ( Unless)  I’ll ………………………………………………………leave now. 6. Would you like to go for a coffee in 10 minutes? ( about)  How about …………………………………………….a coffee in 10 minutes? 7. It seems to me that her playing has developed amazingly in the past year. ( seems)  Her playing ……………………………………………………..in the past year. 8. Thanks for reminding me about this meeting- otherwise I would have missed it ( not)  If you ……………………………about the meeting, I would have missed it. 9. I don’t normally go into town by car. ( used)  I …………………………………………………………..into town by car. 10. You didn’t think carefully enough before you decided. ( ought)  You ………………………………………..more carefully before you decided. Sentence transformation 44.c 1. We won’t get to the airport in less than 30 minute. ( least)  It will ……………………………………………………30 minutes to get to the airport. 2. Despite knowing the area well, I got lost. ( even)  I got lost ………………………………………………………..the area well. 3. I tried to talk to Jack about the problem but he was too busy. ( word)  I tried to ………………………………………….about the problem but he was too busy. 4. “ I don’t mind which film we see,” I said. ( matter)  I said that …………………………………………me which film we saw. 5. If you don’t take care of those shoes, they won’t last for long. ( look)  Unless……………………………………………, those shoes won’t last for long. 6. You’ve already lied me once today. ( lie)  This is not the first ………………………………………….me today. 7. Did you enjoy the party? ( good)  Did you ………………………………at the party?
  17. 8. Whenever I hear this song, I remember the time hen I was in Paris. ( reminds)  Whenever I hear this song, …………………….the time when I was in Paris. 9. I can’t describe people as well as you can. ( better)  You’re………………………………………………………….I am. 10. You didn’t think carefully enough before you decided. ( ought)  You …………………………………………………more carefully before you decided. Sentence transformation 45.c 1. I haven’t decided yet whether to move or not. ( mind)  I haven’t ……………………………………………………….whether to move or not. 2. It is increasingly difficult for me to read without my glasses. ( finding)  I am ………………………………………………………to read without my glasses. 3. I will continue speaking only if you don’t interrupt me any more. ( stop)  I will continue speaking only ………………………………………………….me. 4. Can you tell me what she looks like? ( describe)  Can ……………………………………………………………………………..me? 5. They have been telling him that he should apply for his job. ( encouraging)  They have been ……………………………………………………..for this job. 6. I didn’t agree with this idea. ( favor)  I ……………………………………for this idea. 7. Sandra said that she was willing to work late. ( mind)  Sandra said that …………………………………………………late. 8. You’re tired because you stayed up late last night. ( if)  You wouldn’t be tired ……………………………..bed earlier last night. 9. The number of tourists visiting this area rose last year. ( rise)  Last year ………………………………………..the number of tourists visiting this area. 10. I hadn’t made a speech before, so I was very nervous. ( used)  Because I …………………………………speeches, I was very nervous. Sentence transformation 46.c 1. I strongly advise you to tell her you’re sorry. ( apologize)  I think you’d …………………………………………………………………………….her. 2. It is likely that my friends haven’t received my letter yet. ( unlikely)  My friends …………………………………………………………….my letter yet. 3. He seemed to be worried about something. ( impression)  I ………………………………………………….................was worrying him. 4. I’ve never seen anyone play so skillfully before. ( much)  I’ve never seen anyone play …………………………………………………before. 5. What caused him to change his mind? ( reason)  What was ………………………………………………………….of mind? 6. When should we collect the books we ordered last week? ( supposed)  When ……………………………………………..up the books we ordered last week? 7. He had a very traditional upbringing, didn’t he? ( traditionally)  He ………………………………………………………………………, wasn’t he?
  18. 8. I go out very little these days. ( hardly)  I ………………………………………………………………………..days. 9. My parents always telling me what to do when I was small. ( being)  I …………………………………………………….to do when I was small. 10. She seemed quite unhappy when I saw her last week. ( look)  When I saw her last week …………………………………………………….. at all. Sentence transformation 47.c 1. Angus rarely takes a holiday. ( rare)  It …………………………………………………………..take a holiday. 2. We lost the game because of my mistake. ( fault)  It was …………………………………………………….win the game. 3. Are you planning to do any thing on Sunday? ( Plans)  Do ………………………………………………………….Sunday? 4. Tim looks nothing like his father. ( take)  Tim …………………………………………………………his father at all. 5. The film I saw last week was better than this one. ( good)  This film ………………………………………………….the one I saw last week. 6. I regret giving Dennis my phone number. ( Dennis)  I wish ………………………………………………………….my phone number. 7. There is no way we can agree to this solution. ( Question)  This solution ……………………………………….as far as we concerned. 8. I didn’t have enough time to visit the town properly. ( too)  The time we had ………………………………………..the town properly. 9. Although I warned her not to climb that tree, they did. ( warning)  In spite of …………………………………………………….tree. 10. There aren’t many people who have read this novel to the end, but John is one of them. (few)  John is …………………………………who have read this novel to the end. Sentence transformation 48.c 1. The person who encouraged me the most at school was my French teacher. ( encouragement)  The person who ………………………………..at school was my French teacher. 2. I found this film quite disappointing. ( let)  I felt quite …………………………………………………………film. 3. The play was so boring that we left in the interval. ( so)  We were ……………………………………that we left in the interval. 4. ‘ Mark, could you write up the report immediately?’ Peter said. ( wanted)  Peter told Mark ……………………………………….write up the report immediately. 5. Please don’t go there now. ( rather)  I ……………………………………………………go there now. 6. I probably forgot to mention that the deadline is Tuesday. ( may)  I …………………………………………………….that the deadline is Tuesday.
  19. 7. I last heard this song ten years ago. ( been)  It …………………………………………………….I last heard this song. 8. Please don’t stop your work. ( carry)  Please ………………………………………………..your work. 9. Why didn’t they tell me about these changes earlier? ( should)  I ………………………………………………..about these changes earlier. 10. Nobody plays this piece of music as beautifully as he does. ( more)  He plays this piece of music……………………………………………..else. Sentence transformation 49.c 1. No one has explained why our flight is delayed. ( reason)  No one has ……………………………………………..the delay to our flight. 2. I felt this film quite disappointing . ( let)  I felt quite ………………………………………………………………..this film. 3. The play was so boring that we left in the interval. ( so)  We were …………………………………………………that we left in the interval. 4. ‘ Mark, could you write up the report immediately?’ Peter said. ( wanted)  Peter told Mark ……………………………………write up the report immediately. 5. Please don’t go there now. ( rather)  I …………………………………………………………..go there now. 6. I probably forgot to mention that deadline is Tuesday. ( may)  I …………………………………………….that deadline is Tuesday. 7. I last heard this song ten years ago. ( been)  It ……………………………………………………I last heard this song. 8. Please don’t stop your work. ( carry)  Please …………………………………………………………your work. 9. Why didn’t they tell me about these changes earlier. ( should)  I ……………………………………………………..these changes earlier. 10. Nobody plays this piece of music as beautifully as he does. ( more)  He plays this piece of music ……………………………………………….else. Sentence transformation 50.c 1. No one has explained why our flight is delayed. ( reason)  No one has ………………………………………………the delay to our flight. 2. I’d rather you didn’t phone me at work. ( prefer)  I’d ……………………………………………………….me at work. 3. When Mary wanted a new car. She had to save for a year. ( Mary)  It ………………………………………………..save up to buy a new car. 4. They are letting David out of hospital next week. ( released)  David ……………………………………………………..hospital next week. 5. Dane was supposed to write to his parents last week. ( ought)  Dane ………………………………………………to his parents last week.
  20. 6. His writing is so small I can hardly read it. ( such)  He ……………………………………………………I can hardly read it. 7. Some body has to pick the visitors up from the airport. ( up)  The visitors ………………………………………………..from the airport. 8. I wish I hadn’t told him what we were planning to do this evening. ( regret)  I ………………………………………………………………..for this evening. 9. Everyone was surprised to see Geoff leave the party early. ( surprise)  T ………………………………………………….the party early. 10. All the witnesses said the accident was my fault ( blame)  All the witnesses said that ………………………………………the accident. Dear Mrs Brown, 1.I/write/tell/how much I enjoy/few hours I spend/ you and your family yesterday evening. 2. I be/England since/beginning/October and this be/first invitation to dinner/ English family. 3. I/ find/ conversation most interesting and I be glad/ practise/English. 4. I also like/congretulate you/excellent cooking. 5. I be very greatful/all/helpful information you give me/courses /English. 6. I hope/ find/ suitable school/next few days. 7. You give/best wishes/husband and children? 8. Thank you again/extremely pleasant evening. 9. I look forward/see you next month. Yours sincerely, Maria Dear Bill, 1. I write/cancel our meeting/tennis club/Wednesday 13th. 2. As you can see/this notepaper I be still/Madrid. 3. I arrive/Monday 4th/expect/return/London/Thurday 7th july. 4. Things not go according/plan/I have/stay several more day. 5. I meet Mr Martinez/Tuesday 5th july/visit his factory/inspect/new products. 6. Despite/difficulties I enjoy visit/Prado museum/eat/ excellent restaurants here. 7. I phone you/ I be back/ London. Yours, Bob. Dear Christopher and Rowena, 1. As you see/address above/we move house. 2. We move/month ago/James be/holiday. 3. When we last meet/ we tell you/we plan/ we move. 4. At/time we not know exactly when,/where we go to. 5. Our new house be near/you live old one, so we hope/see you more often. 6. This house be brand new,/have/larger garden. 7. If you like/come round, just give/ring/we arrange something. 8. We have/party/september30th but/we like/see you earlier/ that if you can manage it. Best wishes, Rosemary
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