Boot Camp

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Boot Camp

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An Intel-based Mac. All Mac models introduced in 2006 and later have Intel chips inside. If you're not sure, choose About This Mac;

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  1. 8.1. Boot Camp To set up Boot Camp, you need the proper ingredients: • An Intel-based Mac. All Mac models introduced in 2006 and later have Intel chips inside. If you're not sure, choose About This Mac; if the Processor line says something about Intel, you're good to go • A copy of Windows XP or Windows Vista. Windows XP needs Service Pack 2. If you have an earlier copy, you're nottotallyout of luck, but you'll need a hacky approach that you can find online. Let Google be your friend. For Windows Vista, you need the Home Basic, Home Premium, Business, or Ultimate Edition. In both cases, an Upgrade disc won't work; you need a full- installation copy. Also, Boot Camp requires the normal 32-bit editions of Windows. The fancy 64-bit versions won't work. • At least 10 gigs of free hard drive space. Then you're ready to proceed. Note: If you've already been using the public-beta version of Boot Camp, you don't have to follow the procedure below. Instead, start up the Mac in Windows, and then insert your Leopard DVD. The driver installation should begin automatically. When the installer asks you, click Repair. Skip down to "Forth and Back, Windows/Mac," on Section 8.1.2. 8.1.1. Installing Boot Camp Open your Applications tilities folder. Inside, open the program called Boot Camp Assistant. Phase 1: Partition your drive On the Introduction screen, you can print the instruction booklet, if you like (although the following pages contain the essential info). There's a lot of good, conservative legalese in that booklet: the importance of backing up your whole Mac before you begin, for example. When you click Continue, you get the dialog box shown in Figure 8-1—the most interesting part of the whole process.
  2. You're being asked topartition—subdivide—your hard drive (which can't be partitioned already), setting aside a certain amount of space that will hold your copy of Windows and all the PC software you decide to install. This partitioning process doesn't involve erasing your whole hard drive; all your stuff is perfectly safe. The dialog box offers handy buttons like Divide Equally and Use 32 Gigs, but it also lets you drag a space-divider handle, as shown in Figure 8-1, to divide up your drive space between the Mac and Windows sides. Figure 8-1. How much hard drive space do you want to dedicate to your "PC"? It's not an idle question; whatever you give Windows is no longer available for your Mac. Drag the vertical handle between the Mac and Windows sides of this diagram. Here's where things get tricky, though. If you choose an amount less than 32 gigabytes for the Windows partition, the Windows XP installer lets you choose between two Windows drive formats: • FAT32. This unappetizingly named scheme is older and, if you ask power users and network nerds, more limited. For example, it's only available on disks smaller than 32 gigabytes. But the advantage of using FAT32 is that, when it's all over, you'll be able to drag files back and forth from the Windows side to the Mac side.(This works only when you're in Mac OS X; when you're in Windows, you can't see the Mac side of the hard drive without a commercial program like MacDrive [].) • NTFS. If you choose a partition sizegreater than 32 GB, youmust use the NT File System. It's a more modern, flexible formatting scheme—it offers goodies like fileby-file access permissions, built-in file compression and encryption, journaling (Section B.6.2.1), and so on. But on a Boot Camp Mac, NTFS is a drag. It means that when you're running from the Mac side, you can see what's on the Windows partition, but can't add, remove, or change any files. Note: All this applies only to Windows XP. Windows Vistaalways uses NTFS. You don't have a choice. Bummer.
  3. Most people choose to dedicate a swath of the main internal hard drive to the Windows partition. But if you have a second internal hard drive, you can also choose one of these options: • Create a Second Partition. The Boot Camp Assistant carves out a Windows partition fromthat drive. • Erase Disk and Create a Single Partition for Windows.Just what it says. Phase 2: Install Windows On the Start Windows Installation screen, you're supposed to—hey!—start the Windows installation. Grab your Windows XP or Vista CD or DVD and slip it into the Mac. Its installer goes to work immediately. Following the "I agree to whatever Microsoft's lawyers say" screen, Microsoft's installer asks partition you want to put Windows on. It'sreally important to pick the right one. Play your cards wrong, and you could erase your wholeMac partition. So: • Windows XP. Choose the partition (by pressing the up or down arrow keys) called "C: Partition3 ." • Windows Vista. Choose the one called "Disk 0 Partition 3 BOOTCAMP." When you press Enter ,you now encounter another frightening-looking screen (Figure 8- 2). Here, Windows invites you to format the new partition. Figure 8-2. Use the arrow keys to highlight either "Format the partition using the NTFS file system (Quick)" or "Format the partition using the FAT file system (Quick)." Then press Enter. On the following screen, type F to confirm the formatting, then Enter to confirm the whole thing. • Windows XP.If your Windows partition is less than 32 gigs, you get to choose between FAT32 or NTFS—a decision that, presumably, you've already made, having read the previous pages. Proceed as shown in Figure 8-2. • Windows Vista.Click "Drive options (advanced)," click Format, click OK, and finally click Next. Your Windows partition is now formatted for NTFS, like it or not.
  4. Phase 3: Install the drivers Now a crazy, disorienting sight presents itself: Your Mac, running Windows. There's no trace of the familiar desktop, Dock, or menu; it's Windows now, baby. Walk through the Windows setup screens, creating an account, setting the time, and so on. At this point, your Mac is actually a true Windows PC. You can install and run Windows programs, utilities, and even games; you'll discover that they runreally fast and well. But as Windows veterans know, every hardware feature of a Windows requires adriver— a piece of software that tells the machine how to communicate with its own monitor, networking card, speakers, and so on. And it probably goes without saying that Windows doesn't include any drivers forApple's hardware components. That's why, at this point, you're supposed to insert your Leopard installation DVD; it contains all of the drivers for the Mac's graphics card, Ethernet and AirPort networking, audio input and output, AirPort wireless antenna, iSight camera, brightness and volume keys, Eject key, and Bluetooth transmitter. When this is all over, your white Apple remote control will even work to operate iTunes for Windows. WORKAROUND WORKSHOP How To Right-Click Every Windows computer comes with a two-button mouse. The left button clicks normally; the right button summons a shortcut menu containing commands for whatever you clicked. The Mac has shortcut menus, too, of course, but they're not nearly as necessary as they are in Windows, where the shortcut menu is often theonly place you'll find a certain command. So when you're running Windows on your Mac, how are you supposed to right- click? Well, you could get yourself a two-button mouse, of course. It works fine on a Mac (in Windows or Mac OS X). In fact, most desktop Macs sold since 2006 comewith two-button mouse, called the Mighty Mouse. It doesn'tappear to have two buttons, but you can actually click two different spots on its sloping far side. See Section 9.14.3 for instructions on turning this feature on. The Mighty Mouse works fine for right-clicking in Windows. If you have a recent Mac laptop, you can trigger a right-click using a sneaky
  5. trick:put two fingertips on the trackpad, and then click the button. (That's an option you can turn on or off in the Keyboard & Mouse panel of System Preferences.) Alternatively, if that's too much to learn, just highlight whatever you want to right-click and then press Shift-F10. If you're stuck with a one-button Mac mouse, and none of these options works for you, use the Apple Mouse Utility program for Windows. (You can download it from this book's "Missing CD" page at It lets you Control-click to simulate a right-click while you're running Windows. (It also installs a new Control Panel icon and system-tray pop-up menu, as described later in this chapter.) Note: Unbeknownst to you, this DVD is actually a dual-mode disc. When you insert it into a Mac running Mac OS X, it appears as the Leopard installer you know and love. But when you slip it into a PC, its secret Windows partition appears—and automatically opens the Mac driver installer! When you insert the Leopard disc, the driver installer opens and begins work automatically. Click past the Welcome and License Agreement screens, and then click Install. You'll see a lot of dialog boxes come and go; just leave it alone (and don't click Cancel). A few words of advice: • If you see, "The software you are installing has not passed Windows Logo testing," click Continue Anyway. (As if Apple's going to pay Microsoft to have its software certified for quality!) • If the installation seems to stall, Windows may be waiting for you to click OK or Next in a window that's hidden behind other windows. Inspect the taskbar and look behind open windows. • Windows XP concludes by presenting the Found New Hardware Wizard. Go ahead and agree to update your drivers. When it's all over, a dialog box asks you to restart the computer; click Restart. When the machine comes to, it's a much more functional Windows Mac. (And it has an online Boot Camp Help window waiting for you on the screen.)
  6. 8.1.2. Forth and Back, Windows/Mac From now on, your main interaction with Boot Camp will be telling it what kind of computer you want your Mac to be today: a Windows machine or a Mac. Presumably, though, you'll prefer one operating systemmost of the time. Figure 8-3 (top and middle) shows how you specify your favorite. Tip: If you're running Windows and you just want to get back to Mac OS X right now, you don't have to bother with all the steps shown in Figure 8-3. Instead, click the Boot Camp system-tray icon and, from the shortcut menu, choose Restart in Mac OS X. From now on, each time you turn on the Mac, it starts up in the operating system you've selected. If you ever need to switch—when you need Windows just for one quick job, for example—press Option key as the Mac is starting up. You'll see something like the icons shown in Figure 8-3 (bottom). Tip: To upgrade to Windows Vista: Restart your Mac using Windows. Insert your Vista installation or upgrade disc.Follow the instructions that came with Vista. Figure 8-3. Top: To choose your preferred operating system—the one that starts up automatically unless you intervene—choose System Preferences. Click Startup Disk, and then click the icon for either Mac OS X or Windows. Next, either click Restart (if you want to switch right now) or close the panel. The identical controls are available when you're running Windows, thanks to the new Boot Camp Control Panel. Middle: To open the Boot Camp control panel, choose its name from its new icon in the Windows system tray. Bottom: This display, known as the Startup Manager, appears when you press Option during startup. It displays all the disk icons, or disk partitions, that contain bootable operating systems. Just click the name of the partition you want, and then click the Continue arrow.
  7. 8.1.3. Keyboard Translation Guide Now, if you really want to learn about Windows, you needWindows XP: The Missing Manual (available in Home and Pro editions) orWindows Vista : The Missing Manual. But suggesting that you go buyanother book would be tacky. So here's just enough to get by. First of all, a Mac keyboard and a Windows keyboard aren't the same. Each has keys that would strike the other as extremely goofy. Still, you can trigger almost any keystroke that Windows is expecting by substituting special Apple-keyboard strokes, like this: Windows Keystroke Apple keyboard Control-Alt-Delete Control-Option-Delete Alt Option Backspace Delete Delete (forward delete) (on laptops, Fn-Delete) Enter Return or Enter Num lock Clear (laptops; Fn-F6) Print Screen F14 (laptops: Fn-F11) Print active window Option-F14 (laptops: Option-Fn-F11) Alt key Option key key T The keyboard shortcuts in your programs aremostly the same as on the Mac, but you have to substitute the Ctrl key for the key. So in Windows programs, Copy, Save, and Print are Ctrl-C, Ctrl-S, and Ctrl-P. Similarly, the Alt key is the Windows equivalent of the Option key. Tip: You know that awesome two-finger scrolling trick on Mac laptops (Section Guess what? It works when you're running Windows, too.
  8. 8.1.4. Boot Camp Tip-O-Rama And now, the finer points of Boot Camp… • When you're running Mac OS X, you can get to the documents you created while you were running Windows, which is a huge convenience. Just double-click the Windows disk icon (called NO NAME or Untitled), and then navigate to the Documents and Settings [your account name] My Documents (or Desktop). If you formatted your Windows XP partition using the FAT format as described earlier, you can copy files toor from this partition, and even open them up for editing on the Mac side. If you used NTFS, though, you can only copy themto the Mac side, or open them without the ability to edit them. Tip: Actually, there's no reason your Windows "drive" has to be called NO NAME or Untitled. You can rename it as you would any other icon, either in Windows or in Mac OS X. (That's if you used the FAT format. If you used NTFS, you can't change the name in Mac OS X.) • On the other hand, while you're running Windows, you generally can't access your Mac files; Windows doesn't even see theMac hard drive. One way to around this is to buy a $50 program called MacDrive ( Another solution: use a disk that both Mac OS X and Windows "see," and keep your shared files onthat. A flash drive works beautifully for this. So does your iDisk (Section 18.6.1) or a shared drive on the network.
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