CHUYÊN ĐỀ: CÁC DẠNG CÂU BỊ ĐỘNG CƠ BẢN TRONG TIẾNG ANH

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CHUYÊN ĐỀ: CÁC DẠNG CÂU BỊ ĐỘNG CƠ BẢN TRONG TIẾNG ANH

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Exercise 1. Change the sentences into passive forms: 1. Somebody has taken my briefcase. 2. The teacher is going to tell a story. 3. Do they teach English here? 4. People are killing wild animals for food. 5. John invited Fiona to his birthday party last night. 6. Her mother is preparing the dinner in the kitchen. 7. We should clean our teeth twice a day. 8. Tom will meet his parents next month. 9. Did Mary buy that beautiful dress? 10.The German didn’t build this factory during the Second World War....

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  1. CHUYÊN ĐỀ: CÁC DẠNG CÂU BỊ ĐỘNG CƠ BẢN TRONG TIẾNG ANH. Trường THCS Cửu Long - Lương Sơn I. Thời gian thực hiện: 27 tháng 4 năm 2011 II. Nội dung: 1. Lý thuyết: 1.1 Câu bị động trong các thì Tiếng Anh. - Hiện tại đơn giản - Hiện tại tiếp diễn - Hiện tại hoàn thành - Quá khứ đơn giản - Quá khứ tiếp diễn - Quá khứ hoàn thành - Tương lai đơn giản - Tương lai với “Going to” - Động từ khuyết thiếu 1.2 Bare V/ To V/ V-ing trong câu bị động 1.3 Câu bị động truyền khiến 1.4 Câu bị động đặc biệt 1.5 Một số dạng bị động khác 2.Thực hành: -Thực hành giảng dạy trên lớp với 15 học sinh khá giỏi môn Anh văn lớp 9 -Thời lượng dự kiến: 120 phút III. Các bước tiến hành: 1. Nêu mục đích yêu cầu chung của chuyên đề: 20 phút 2. Thực hành giảng dạy: 120 phút 3. Trao đổi, thảo luận và rút kinh nghiệm: 40 phút
  2. IV. Thực hiện bài giảng 1. Lý thuyết 1.1 Câu bị động trong các thì Tiếng Anh. TENSES ACTIVE PASSIVE 1. The simple present S + bare - V/ V-s/es S + am/is /are + PP 2. The pre.progressive S + am/ is/ are +V-ing S+ am/is / are/ + being + PP 3. The present perfect S + have/ has + PP S + have/ has + been + PP 4. The simple past S + V2/ V-ed S + was/ were + PP 5. The past progressive S + was/ were + V- ing S + was/ were + being+ PP 6. The past perfect S + had+ PP S + had + been + PP 7. The simple future S + will/ shall + bare-V S + will/ shall + be + PP 8. The future with “ Going S+ am/ is/ are going to+ bareV S+am/is/are going to+be+PP to” 9. The Modal verbs S + can/could/may...+ bareV S + can/could/may + be + PP Exercise 1. Change the sentences into passive forms: 1. Somebody has taken my briefcase. 2. The teacher is going to tell a story. 3. Do they teach English here? 4. People are killing wild animals for food. 5. John invited Fiona to his birthday party last night. 6. Her mother is preparing the dinner in the kitchen. 7. We should clean our teeth twice a day. 8. Tom will meet his parents next month. 9. Did Mary buy that beautiful dress? 10.The German didn’t build this factory during the Second World War. 1.2 Bare V/ To V/ V-ing trong câu bị động 1.2.1 Bare V Eg: -He let me go out. → I was let go out./ I was allowed to go out. - He made me cry. → I was made to cry. - I saw him go out.
  3. → He was seen to go out. *Các động từ see, watch, hear, make…trong câu chủ động + V nhưng trong câu bị động + To V. 1.2.2 To V Eg1: -The teacher wants his students to do this exercise carefully. → The teacher wants this exercise to be done carefully. => want, love, like, prefer... sb/ st to be done. Eg2: I want you to help me. => I want to be helped ( by you) He prefers his friends to meet him outside the theater. => He prefers to be met outside the theater by his friends. => want, love, like, prefer... to be done. Eg3: They will have to change the date of the meeting again. → The date of the meeting will have to be changed again. 1.2.3 V- ing Eg: - Hurry up! You know Mr Miller hates people keeping him waiting. →Hurry up! You know Mr Miller hates being kept waiting. -She likes her boyfriend telling the truth. →She likes being told the truth. - They saw him walking with his friend before he got lost. →He was seen walking with his friend before he got lost. Exercise 2. Change the sentences into passive forms. 1. She wants her sister to take some photographs. 2. We have to test these products 3. He likes people to call him "sir”. 4.They will have to pull down that building. 5. I want you to leave me alone. 6. I hate people asking me stupid questions. 7. People don’t make the children work hard. 8. She found him reading her letters. 9. I remember my father giving me a toy drum on my fifth birthday. 10.I don’t like people telling me what to do.
  4. 1.3 Causative passive form: Eg: He is having a garage service his car now. → He is having his car serviced now. . - Richard will have a barber cut his hair. → Richard will have his hair cut. • Active : Have someone do sth / get someone to do sth • Passive: Have sth done / get sth done. - I usually get a woman to clean my house on the weekend. →I usually get my house cleaned on the weekend. Exercise 3. Change the sentences into passive forms. 1. I had him repair my roof yesterday 2. She will have Peter wash her car tomorrow. 3. John gets his sister to clean his shirt. 4. We are having builders repaint the house. 5. Do you have a man bring milk every morning? 1.4 Câu bị động đặc biệt: Eg1: People say (that ) he is a good doctor. →It is said (that) he is a good doctcr →He is said to be a good doctor. - People believe (that) she does that work carefully. → It is believed (that) she does that work carefully. → She is believed to do that work carefully. • Các động từ thường được dùng trong loại câu bị động này: SAY, THINK, BELIEVE, EXPECT, CONSIDER, REPORT, KNOW…. • Chủ ngữ thường là: PEOPLE, THEY, SOMEONE…. Eg: They think( that )Tom is the brightest student in class. → It’s thought (that) Tom is the brightest student in class. → Tom is thought to be the brightest student in class. Eg2: They said (that) Mary was very clever. → It was said (that) Mary was very clever.
  5. → Mary was said to have been very clever. People know(that) he was waiting for his friend. → It is known (that) he was waiting for his friend. → He is known to have been waiting for his friend. Eg3: People believe (that) he will win. → It is believed (that) he will win. → He is believed to win. Eg4: -She reported (that) the flowers were killed by frost. → It was reported (that) the flowers were killed by frost. → The flowers were reported to have been killed by frost. Exercise 4. Change the sentences into passive forms. 1.Someone thinks that Lan will return tomorrow. 2. People know that Japan produces a wide range of cars. 3. People say that he is intelligent. 4 .People said that three men were arrested after the explosion. 5. People say that he is living in London 6. People say that he won a lot of money gambling. 1.5 Một số dạng bị động khác: - Write your name here. → Let your name be written here. - Don’t do that silly thing again. → Don’t let that silly thing be done again. => That silly thing mustn’t be done again. - They suggested banning advertisements on TV. → They suggested that advertisements on TV should be banned. - John used to see Mr Cole at weekends. → Mr Cole used to be seen at weekends. - He decided to sell the house. →He decided the house should be sold. Exercise 5. Chang the sentences into passive forms. 1. Open your book.
  6. 2. Our teacher used to forbid us talking in class 3. She advised me not to sell the house. 4. Don’t let others see you. 5. He expected me to pass the final exam, but I didn’t. 2. Bài tập thực hành: Exercise 1. Rewrite the following sentences. 1. I don’t enjoy people beating me at sports in school. → I don’t enjoy……………………………………………………………….. 2. People think that Maradona is the best football player in the 20th century. → Maradona……………………………………………………….. 3. How many languages do they speak in Canada? → How many……………………………………………………? 4. It is thought that the prisoner escaped by climbing over the wall. →The prisoner……………………………………………………………….. 5. They used oil-lamps years ago. →Oil-lamps …………………………………………………………… 6. I saw him fall down. → He…………………………………………………………….. 7. Who invented the telephone? → Who……………………………………………………………………… 8. Does she invite you to her birhday party? → Are you……………………………………………………? 9. Did you see him at the party? →Was he………………………………………………………………? 10.Do you have a postman deliver the newspapers every day? →Do you have…………………………………………………………? 11.Mr Ba told me to bring his books back home. →Mr Ba had …………………………………………………… 12.They believe that the storm will come soon. →The storm………………………………………………………….. 13.He has to park his car in the right place. →His car……………………………………………………………… 14. Why didn’t they help him?
  7. →Why……………………………………………………………? 15. I remembered them taking me to the zoo. →I remember…………………………………………………………. Exrcise 2 Choose the best answer from A,B,C or D. 1. He is thought ………………the best player. A. be B. was C. to be D. is 2. They used to call me”John”. A. I used to call “ John” B. I used to be called “ John”. C. I used be called “ John”. D. I was used to be called “ John”. 3. They suggest giving up smoking. A. They suggest that smoking should give up. B. They suggest that smoking should given up. C. They suggest that smoking should be give up. D. They suggest that smoking should be given up. 4. The flowers need watering. A. The flowers need to water. B. The flowers need to be watered. C. The flowers need to watering. D. The flowers need to be water. 5. Why didn’t you lock the door? A. Why wasn’t the door locked? B. Why the door wasn’t locked? C. Why isn’t the door locked? D. Why wasn’t you locked the door? 6. Three new buildings…………………here last year. A. built B. are built C. were built D. were building 7. The final examination ………………….on June 12th. A. will hold B. will be held C. will held D. will to be held 8. People grow rice in tropical countries. A. Rice are grown in tropical countries. B. Rice was grown in tropical countries.
  8. C. Rice were grown in tropical countries. D. Rice is grown in tropical countries. 9. The fire has destroyed many houses. A. Many houses have been destroyed by the fire. B. Many houses has been destroyed by the fire. C. Many houses were destroyed by the fire. D. Many houses have destroyed by the fire. 10. He has to park his car in the right places. A. His car has to park in the right places. B. His car have to be parked in the right places. C. His car has to be parked in the right places. D. His car has to be parking in the right places. 11. Please, have him………………..me some books. A. to send B. sending C. send D.sent 12. The house hasn’t been sold yet. A. They don’t sell the house yet. B. They haven’t sold the house yet. C. They didn’t sell the house yet. D. They haven’t sell the house. 13. What should one do in such cases? A. What should do in such cases? B What should be do in such cases? C. What should done in such cases? D. What should be done in such cases? 14.He is made…………….a paper admiting his guilt. A. sign B. to sign C.signing D. signed 15. Both French and English…………………..in Canada. A. is spoken B. spoken C. are speaking D. are spoken Exercise 3: Give the correct forms of the verbs. 1. I am not going to the party. I (not invite). 2. English ( speak) all over the world. 3. This jacket is rather dirty. It needs (clean). 4. The music for “ The Marriage of Figaro” (write) by Mozart.
  9. 5. The Statue (break) while it ( move) to another room in the museum. 6. Why do you keep looking back? Are you afraid of (follow)? 7. These are toys (make) in Japan. 8. The results ( announce) tomorrow morning. 9. I am having my house (paint ). That is why there is all this mess. 10.The children made their bed without ( tell) 11.Ten people (kill) in a train crash in Sweden two days ago. 12.Her new novel will (translate) into Vietnamese. 13.The classroom is still very dirty. I don’t think it (clean). 14.If we don’t hurry, all the tickets (sell) by the time we get there. 15. We ( tell) not to go out at nights recently. 16. We don’t want to ( pay ) low wages. 17. The hotel we stayed at was quite good.The rooms (clean) every day. 18. I wonder why Mary(not invite) to the wedding party last night. 19. If I (tell) before, I would come to your wedding. 20. She gets used to (take) to the zoo on weekends. The end Người thực hiện Hoàng Thị Huyền
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