Color Atlas of Pharmacology (Part 24): Disinfectants

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Color Atlas of Pharmacology (Part 24): Disinfectants

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Disinfectants and mixtures of these. Minimal contact times should be at least 15 s on skin areas with few sebaceous glands and at least 10 min on sebaceous gland-rich ones. Mucosal disinfection: Germ counts can be reduced by PVP iodine or chlorhexidine (contact time 2 min), although not as effectively as on skin. Wound disinfection can be achieved with hydrogen peroxide (0.3%–1% solution; short, foaming action on contact with blood and thus wound cleansing) or with potassium permanganate (0.0015% solution, slightly astringent), as well as PVP iodine, chlorhexidine, and biguanidines. Hygienic and surgical hand disinfection: The former is required after...

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