Copying Rows from One DataTable to Another

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Copying Rows from One DataTable to Another

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[ Team LiB ] Recipe 5.1 Copying Rows from One DataTable to Another Problem You have records in a DataTable that you need to copy to another DataTable. Solution Use the ImportRow( ) method of the DataTable to copy DataRow objects from one DataTable to another.

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  1. [ Team LiB ] Recipe 5.1 Copying Rows from One DataTable to Another Problem You have records in a DataTable that you need to copy to another DataTable. Solution Use the ImportRow( ) method of the DataTable to copy DataRow objects from one DataTable to another. Three techniques for selecting records to copy are demonstrated in the following example: • Use the Rows property to access rows in the DataRowCollection of the DataTable using the row index. • Use the Select( ) method of the DataTable. • Use the RowFilter property of a DataView for the DataTable. The sample code creates a source DataTable containing the Orders table from Northwind. A second empty target DataTable is created with the same schema. One of the three techniques, as specified by the user, is used to copy records from the source table to the target table. The C# code is shown in Example 5-1. Example 5-1. File: CopyRowsBetweenTablesForm.cs // Namespaces, variables, and constants using System; using System.Configuration; using System.Data; using System.Data.SqlClient; // Table name constants private const String ORDERS_TABLE = "Orders"; // Field name constants private const String ORDERID_FIELD = "OrderID"; // . . . // Fill the source table with schema and data.
  2. SqlDataAdapter da = new SqlDataAdapter("SELECT * FROM Orders", ConfigurationSettings.AppSettings["Sql_ConnectString"]); DataTable dt = new DataTable(ORDERS_TABLE); da.FillSchema(dt, SchemaType.Source); da.Fill(dt); // Clone the schema to the copy table. DataTable dtCopy = dt.Clone( ); if(rowRadioButton.Checked) { // Use ImportRow method to import the first three rows. for (int i = 0; i < 3; i++) { dtCopy.ImportRow(dt.Rows[i]); } } else if (selectRadioButton.Checked) { // Copy using result of Select( ) method. foreach(DataRow row in dt.Select(ORDERID_FIELD + " = 10300 AND " + ORDERID_FIELD + " < 10400"; for (int i = 0; i < categoryView.Count; i++) { dtCopy.ImportRow(categoryView[i].Row); } } // Bind the default view of the copy table to the grid. dataGrid.DataSource = dtCopy.DefaultView; Discussion Rows can be copied between tables using the ImportRow( ) methods of the DataTable
  3. object. The ImportRow( ) method requires that both the source and destination table have the same structure. In this example, the Clone( ) method of the DataTable creates a table with identical structure, but any technique that creates a table with an identical structure can be used. Additionally, the Copy( ) method of the DataTable object can create a new DataTable having the same structure and data as the original as shown in the following code sample: // Create the source table. DataTable dtSource = new DataTable("Source"); // . . . Fill the source table with data. // Create the destination table and copy the source table. DataTable dtDest = new DataTable("Dest"); dtDest = dtSource.Copy( ); [ Team LiB ]
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