Engineering Challenges For the 21st Century

Chia sẻ: Nguyen Nhi | Ngày: | Loại File: PPT | Số trang:36

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Engineering Challenges For the 21st Century

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Until the second half of the 20th century, human development on earth has been largely carried out without undue strain to the eco-system. Frenetic development since the end of the Second World War caused alarm bells to sound in the sixties and seventies, leading to the current global concern for sustainable development.

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  1. Australian Universities International  Alumni Convention (AUIAC)   5-7 September 2002, Melbourne, Australia    Engineering Challenges For the 21st  Century By Academician Dato’ Ir. Lee Yee Cheong, DPMP, KMN,  AO,F.A.Sc.,FTSE President-Elect, The World Federation Of Engineering 
  2. Until the second half of the 20th  century, human development on earth  has been largely carried out without  undue strain to the eco-system.  Frenetic development since the end of  the Second World War caused alarm  bells to sound in the sixties and  seventies, leading to the current global  concern for sustainable development.
  3. United Nations World Commission on  Environment and Development (the  Brundtland Commission) Report “Our  Common Future” in 1987 defines  sustainable development as   “Development that meets the needs of  the present generation without  compromising the ability of future 
  4. The Brundtland Commission led to the  United Nations Conference on  Environment and Development  (UNCED) in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 and   Agenda 21.  A Decade Later, the World Summit for  Sustainable Development (WSSD) was  held in Johannesburg 26 August-4 
  5. Failure of Agenda 21 since Rio (Kofi  Annan) First, a Fragmented Approach to Sustainable  Development Secondly, no Major Changes in the Unsustainable  Patterns of Consumption and Production  Thirdly, there is a lack of mutually Coherent Policies  or Approaches in the areas of finance, trade,  investment, technology and sustainable development.
  6. UN Secretary General in his 2002  Report “Implementing Agenda 21”  expects WSSD to reinvigorate Agenda  21 through a new approach integrating  the three critical elements: Political Will,  Practical Steps, Partnerships. 
  7. UN Secretary General proposes the  following means for implementing  Agenda 21 after WSSD: · Finance (Monterey Financing for  Development Conference 2002) · Trade (WTO “post-Doha” Trade for  Development Round of Negotiations)
  8. This is recognition, however belated, of  the pivotal role of Science, Engineering  and Technology (S.E.T) in Sustainable 
  9. World Population into 3 groups by means 
  10. The Engineering Mission in the  globalised world of this century  is to enable Humankind to  achieve Sustainability.   

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