This paper studies the responses of residential property and equity prices,
inflation and economic activity to monetary policy shocks in 17 countries,
using data spanning 1986-2006. We estimate VARs for individual economies
and panel VARs in which we distinguish between groups of countries on the
basis of the characteristics of their financial systems. The results suggest that
using monetary policy to offset asset price movements in order to guard
against financial instability may have large effects on economic activity.
Furthermore, while financial structure influences the impact of policy on asset
prices, its importance appears limited....