Environment for Electronic Commerce (Vietnam)

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Environment for Electronic Commerce (Vietnam)

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Environment for Electronic Commerce

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  1. Environment for Electronic Commerce (Vietnam) E­Commerce Department Ministry of Trade Vietnam
  2. ICT infrastructure www.mot.gov.vn 2
  3. Internet – History marks  Before 1997: dial-up by early ISP: FPT, Netnam  Decree 21/1997/ND-CP: legal basis for Internet service provision  December 1997: Vietnam officially connect to Internet  1 IXP: VNPT  4 ISP: VNPT, FPT, SPT, Netnam  2000, internet service provided nation-wide  Dial-up through telephone line system of VNPT www.mot.gov.vn 3
  4. Internet – History marks  Decree 55/2001/CP-ND on management of Internet services. Change in perception  Changing from “Manage then Open the service” to “Mangement for development of Internet service”  2002: Termination of monopoly in IXP  5/2003: ADSL – the break through in Internet services  The booming of internet service (café, services...)  Connecting forms: Wi-Fi, GPRS  10/2003: Establishment of National Internet CenterVNIX www.mot.gov.vn 4
  5. Development of Internet services For 2005 statistics  International bandwidth: 2,997 Gbps  IXP (6), ISP (17), OSP (15), ICP  Total subscribers: 2,3 mio (population: 80 mio)  Internet users: 8,56 triệu  Number of domain names .vn: 12.611 (80% .com.vn)  Ratio of domain names / population still low: 0,00017  Number of IP provided: 607.744  Increase but still low compared to the other countries  Number of business with website: 17.500 www.mot.gov.vn 5
  6. Characteristics  Development of value-addes services: VoIP, chat, forum, online games  Diversification of users, longer time of using internet  Only 5/17 ISP actually operating in market  Domestic contents development increase: business, education, news... www.mot.gov.vn 6
  7. Events  Online Securities  Establishment of – VnCERT  Certificate authorities  Some providers of digital signature and CA  E-payment forms  Open source is not widely applicable  EDI just begins www.mot.gov.vn 7
  8. Legal environment & Policy www.mot.gov.vn 8
  9. Legal environment & Policies  Policies regarding e-commerce  Strategy for ICT development (Govt Decision No. 246)  Master Plan for E-commerce development (2005)  Master Plan for E-government development (2005)  Project assisting SME’s application of E-com (2006)  Strategy for SW industry development  Legal environment  E-commerce Ordinance  Electronic Transaction Law (3/2006 effected)  ICT Law (drafted 2006) www.mot.gov.vn 9
  10. Legal environment & Policies  Related laws  Commercial Code (amended 2005)  Civil Code (amended 2005)  ICT law (drafted)  IPR law  Related Govt’s decrees  E-commerce decree (drafted)  Digital and CA service decree (drafted)  E- Financial & e- banking transaction decree (drafted) www.mot.gov.vn 10
  11. Legal environment & Policies  Policies relating to E-commerce  Management, provision and usage of internet  E-payment  E-customs  E-tax  Online criminals  Managements of domain name:Quy định về quản lý và sử dụng tài nguyên Internet (QĐ 27/2005/QĐ-BCVT)  Management of website establishment (website): Quy định về cấp phép (QĐ 27/2002/QĐ-BVHTT) www.mot.gov.vn 11
  12. Economic and Society conditions www.mot.gov.vn 12
  13. Popularization of Internet  Reduction in cost of PC, laptop...  Youth users  Objectives of using internet are different  English and foreign language level  International integration: open of ICT market, Internet services  Hacker, virus, spam, fraud of c/c, pornography www.mot.gov.vn 13
  14. Supporting activities  Application of state orgnizations  E- trading procedures, e-tax, e-customs  Supporting organizations  VCCI, VIA  E-com Department under Ministry of Trade  Training  Lack of programmers, all levels  Education in ICT (most of universities)  Education in Ecommerce still beginning (a few universities) www.mot.gov.vn 14
  15. Purchasing habits  Traditional habits of purchasing  Habits of using cash  Banks’ efforts in electronic-payments  Credit card  Debit card  … still in beginning, not very convenient  Lack of linkage among the banks  Online/Internet payments, banking still in preparation www.mot.gov.vn 15
  16. Social issues  ICT attract the development  Copy right violations  Consumer protection regulations  Privacy protection  Dispute resolutions www.mot.gov.vn 16
  17. Some idex  (Information Society Index) ISI: 52/53 (IDC & World Time)  Computer, ICT infrastucture, social development  Network Readiness Index: 68/104 (WEF)  E-Readiness Index: 61/65 (EIU)  E-Gov 2004: 112/191 (UNPAN)  Software Engineering Index: 17/30 (CIO Insight – Global Outsourcing 2005)  Copy Right Violation ratio: 92%, 89/89 (BSA) www.mot.gov.vn 17
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