Exercises of bending of beams

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Exercises of bending of beams

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Nội dung Text: Exercises of bending of beams

  1. EXERCISES ON BENDING OF BEAMS 1/  q A simple beam AB with span length L = 3.5m carries a h unifiorm load of intensity q = L b 6.4 kN/m (see figure). Calculate the maximum bending stress σ max due to the load q if the beam has a rectangular cross section with width b = 140 mm and height h = 240 mm. Ans. σ max = 7.29 MPa 2/  A steel beam with over- q = 115 kN/m hanging ends and wide- flange cross section is supported as shown in the figure. The beam carries a 3m 6m 3m uniform load of intensity q = 115 kN/m on each overhang. Assuming that the section modulus of the cross sectional area is A = 6.78x106 mm2, determine the maximum bending stress σ max in the beam due to the load q. Ans. σ max = 76.3 MPa 3/  A simple beam AB of span length L = 7m is subjected to P d P two wheel loads acting at distance d = 1.5 m apart A B (see figure). Each wheel transmits a load P = 14 kN, L and the carriage may occupy any position on the beam. Determine the maximum bending stress σ max due to the wheel loads if the beam is an I-beam having sections modulus W = 265x103 mm3. Ans. σ max = 147.4 MPa 4/ b A rectangular wood beam is to be cut from a circular log of diameter d (see figure). What should be the dimensions b and h in order x h d that the beam will resist the largest possible bending moment? Ans: b = d / 3;  h = d 2/3    5/  y
  2. A wood beam ABC of square q = 1.5 kN/ cross section is supported at A m b and B and has an overhang b BC (see figure). A uniform L =  L =  load of intensity q = 1.5 kN/m 2.5m 2.5m acts on the beam. Calculate the required side dimension b of the square cross section assuming L = 2.5 m and σ allow = 12 MPa. Include the the effect of the weight of the beam and assume the specific weight of the wood is γ = 5.5 kN/m3. Ans.    =   : b  136   m m 6/  b A beam having a cross section in the form of an unsymmetric I section (see 40 mm figure) is subjected to a bending 30 mm moment acting about the x axis. 300 mm Determine the the width b of the top x flange in order that the stresses at the top and bottom of the beam will be in 40 mm the ratio 4:3, respectively. y Ans.   400 mm   m : b    = 259 m 7/  q 450 mm 30 mm A simple beam AB supports A B a uniform load q that L = 14m includes the weight of the beam (see figure). 1800 mm Determine the maximum permissible load q based upon: (a) σ allow = 110 MPa, and (b) τ allow = 50 MPa Ans.: (a)        q = 144   kN/m; (b)  =   q  174   kN/m 30 mm 8/ A laminated wood beam is built up by gluing 50 mm together three 50 mm x 100 mm boards (actual dimensions) to form a solid beam 100 50 mm mm x 150 mm, as shown in the figure. The allowable shear stress in the glued joints is 50 mm 0.35 MPa and the allowable bending stress is 100 mm 11 MPa. If the beam is 1m long cantiliver, what is the allowable load P at the free end? (Disregard the weight of the beam) Ans.: P       = 3.94  kN 9/ A steel beam ABC with an overhang BC is subjected to two concentrated load P as shown in the figure. Compute the maximum 36 value of P, if the allowable normal stress is 160 MPa. P P   3 A B C 30 3 600 600 300   9 3
  3. Ans.: P max = 530 N   10/ Two metric rolled-steel channels are to be welded back to back and used to support the loading shown. Knowing that the allowable normal stress for the steel used is 190 MPa, determine the most economical channels that can be used. Ans.: C     230x22
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