Finding, Filtering, and Sorting Rows in a DataTable

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Finding, Filtering, and Sorting Rows in a DataTable

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Finding, Filtering, and Sorting Rows in a DataTable Each row in a DataTable is stored in a DataRow object, and in this section you'll learn how to find, filter

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  1. Finding, Filtering, and Sorting Rows in a DataTable Each row in a DataTable is stored in a DataRow object, and in this section you'll learn how to find, filter, and sort the DataRow objects in a DataTable. Finding a DataRow in a DataTable To find a DataRow in a DataTable, you follow these steps: 1. Retrieve the rows from the database into your DataTable. 2. Set the PrimaryKey property of your DataTable. 3. Call the Find() method of your DataTable, passing the primary key column value of the DataRow you want. For example, the following code performs steps 1 and 2 in this list, retrieving the top 10 rows from the Products table and setting the PrimaryKey property to the ProductID DataColumn: SqlCommand mySqlCommand = mySqlConnection.CreateCommand(); mySqlCommand.CommandText = "SELECT TOP 10 ProductID, ProductName " + "FROM Products " + "ORDER BY ProductID"; SqlDataAdapter mySqlDataAdapter = new SqlDataAdapter(); mySqlDataAdapter.SelectCommand = mySqlCommand; DataSet myDataSet = new DataSet(); mySqlConnection.Open(); mySqlDataAdapter.Fill(myDataSet, "Products"); mySqlConnection.Close(); DataTable productsDataTable = myDataSet.Tables["Products"]; productsDataTable.PrimaryKey = new DataColumn[] { productsDataTable.Columns["ProductID"] }; Next, the following example performs step 3, calling the Find() method to retrieve the DataRow from productsDataTable that has a ProductID of 3: DataRow productDataRow = productsDataTable.Rows.Find("3");
  2. Notice that the Find() method is called through the Rows property of productsDataTable. The Rows property returns an object of the DataRowCollection class. If the primary key for the database table consists of more than one column, then you can pass an array of objects to the Find() method. For example, the Order Details table's primary key is made up of the OrderID and ProductID columns. Assuming you've already performed steps 1 and 2 and retrieved the rows from the Order Details table into a DataTable object named orderDetailsDataTable, then the following example retrieves the DataRow with an OrderID and ProductID of 10248 and 11, respectively: object[] orderDetails = new object[] { 10248, 11 }; DataRow orderDetailDataRow = orderDetailsDataTable.Rows.Find(orderDetails); Filtering and Sorting DataRow Objects in a DataTable To filter and sort the DataRow objects in a DataTable, you use the Select() method of your DataTable. The Select() method is overloaded as follows: DataRow[] Select() DataRow[] Select(string filterExpression) DataRow[] Select(string filterExpression, string sortExpression) DataRow[] Select(string filterExpression, string sortExpression, DataViewRowState myDataViewRowState) where • filterExpression specifies the rows to select. • sortExpression specifies how the selected rows are to be ordered. • myDataViewRowState specifies the state of the rows to select. You set myDataViewRowState to one of the constants defined in the System.Data.DataViewRowState enumeration. Table 11.8 shows these constants. Table 11.8: DataViewRowState ENUMERATION MEMBERS CONSTANT DESCRIPTION Added A new row. CurrentRows The current rows, which include Unchanged, Added, and ModifiedCurrent rows.
  3. Table 11.8: DataViewRowState ENUMERATION MEMBERS CONSTANT DESCRIPTION Deleted A deleted row. ModifiedCurrent A current row that has been modified. ModifiedOriginal The original row before it was modified. None Doesn't match any of the rows in the DataTable. OriginalRows The original rows, which include Unchanged and Deleted rows. Unchanged A row that hasn't been changed. Let's take a look at some examples that use the Select() method. The following example calls the Select() method with no parameters, which returns all rows in the DataTable without any filtering or sorting: DataRow[] productDataRows = productsDataTable.Select(); The next example supplies a filter expression to Sort(), which returns only the DataRow objects with ProductID DataColumn values that are less than or equal to 5: DataRow[] productDataRows = productsDataTable.Select("ProductID
  4. DataColumn.Expression property in the .NET online documentation. The following example that uses the LIKE operator and the percent wildcard character (%)-which matches any number of characters-to filter rows with a ProductName that start with Cha. The example also sorts the rows by descending ProductID and ascending ProductName values: productDataRows = productsDataTable.Select("ProductName LIKE 'Cha%'", "ProductID DESC, ProductName ASC"); Notice that the string Cha% is placed in single quotes, which you must do for all string literals. Note You can also use a DataView object to filter and sort rows, and you'll learn how to do that in Chapter 13, "Using DataView Objects." Listing 11.3 shows a program that finds, filters, and sorts DataRow objects. Listing 11.3: FINDFILTERANDSORTDATAROWS.CS /* FindFilterAndSortDataRows.cs illustrates how to find, filter, and sort DataRow objects */ using System; using System.Data; using System.Data.SqlClient; class FindFilterAndSortDataRows { public static void Main() { SqlConnection mySqlConnection = new SqlConnection( "server=localhost;database=Northwind;uid=sa;pwd=sa" ); SqlCommand mySqlCommand = mySqlConnection.CreateCommand(); mySqlCommand.CommandText = "SELECT TOP 10 ProductID, ProductName " + "FROM Products " + "ORDER BY ProductID;" +
  5. "SELECT TOP 10 OrderID, ProductID, UnitPrice, Quantity " + "FROM [Order Details] " + "ORDER BY OrderID"; SqlDataAdapter mySqlDataAdapter = new SqlDataAdapter(); mySqlDataAdapter.SelectCommand = mySqlCommand; DataSet myDataSet = new DataSet(); mySqlConnection.Open(); mySqlDataAdapter.Fill(myDataSet); mySqlConnection.Close(); myDataSet.Tables["Table"].TableName = "Products"; myDataSet.Tables["Table1"].TableName = "Order Details"; // set the PrimaryKey property for the Products DataTable // to the ProductID column DataTable productsDataTable = myDataSet.Tables["Products"]; productsDataTable.PrimaryKey = new DataColumn[] { productsDataTable.Columns["ProductID"] }; // set the PrimaryKey property for the Order Details DataTable // to the OrderID and ProductID columns DataTable orderDetailsDataTable = myDataSet.Tables["Order Details"]; orderDetailsDataTable.Constraints.Add( "Primary key constraint on the OrderID and ProductID columns", new DataColumn[] { orderDetailsDataTable.Columns["OrderID"], orderDetailsDataTable.Columns["ProductID"] }, true ); // find product with ProductID of 3 using the Find() method // to locate the DataRow using its primary key value Console.WriteLine("Using the Find() method to locate DataRow object " + "with a ProductID of 3"); DataRow productDataRow = productsDataTable.Rows.Find("3"); foreach (DataColumn myDataColumn in productsDataTable.Columns) { Console.WriteLine(myDataColumn + "= " + productDataRow[myDataColumn]); }
  6. // find order with OrderID of 10248 and ProductID of 11 using // the Find() method Console.WriteLine("Using the Find() method to locate DataRow object " + "with an OrderID of 10248 and a ProductID of 11"); object[] orderDetails = new object[] { 10248, 11 }; DataRow orderDetailDataRow = orderDetailsDataTable.Rows.Find(orderDetails); foreach (DataColumn myDataColumn in orderDetailsDataTable.Columns) { Console.WriteLine(myDataColumn + "= " + orderDetailDataRow[myDataColumn]); } // filter and sort the DataRow objects in productsDataTable // using the Select() method Console.WriteLine("Using the Select() method to filter and sort DataRow objects"); DataRow[] productDataRows = productsDataTable.Select("ProductID
  7. Console.WriteLine(myDataColumn + "= " + myDataRow[myDataColumn]); } } } } The output from this program is as follows: Using the Find() method to locate DataRow object with a ProductID of 3 ProductID = 3 ProductName = Aniseed Syrup Using the Find() method to locate DataRow object with an OrderID of 10248 and a ProductID of 11 OrderID = 10248 ProductID = 11 UnitPrice = 14 Quantity = 12 Using the Select() method to filter and sort DataRow objects ProductID = 5 ProductName = Chef Anton's Gumbo Mix ProductID = 4 ProductName = Chef Anton's Cajun Seasoning ProductID = 3 ProductName = Aniseed Syrup ProductID = 2 ProductName = Chang ProductID = 1 ProductName = Chai Using the Select() method to filter and sort DataRow objects ProductID = 1 ProductName = Chai ProductID = 2 ProductName = Chang
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