[ Team LiB ] Recipe 10.9 Getting a SQL Server Query Plan Problem You need to retrieve information about how query statements are executed by the SQL Server. Solution Use the SET SHOWPLAN_TEXT statement. The sample code executes the SET SHOWPLAN_TEXT statement
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Recipe 10.9 Getting a SQL Server Query Plan
You need to retrieve information about how query statements are executed by the SQL
Use the SET SHOWPLAN_TEXT statement.
The sample code executes the SET SHOWPLAN_TEXT statement, using the
ExecuteNonQuery( ) method of the Command object, to retrieve how query statements
are executed by the SQL Server.
The C# code is shown in Example 10-9.
Example 10-9. File: ShowPlanForm.cs
// Namespaces, variables, and constants
// . . .
StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder( );
// Open a new connection.
SqlConnection conn = new SqlConnection(
// Create and execute the command to retrieve the plan.
SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand("SET SHOWPLAN_TEXT ON", conn);
// Create the command to get the plan for.
cmd.CommandText = "SELECT * FROM Customers WHERE Country='USA' " +
"ORDER BY CompanyName";
// Retrieve the plan into DataReader.
SqlDataReader dr = cmd.ExecuteReader( );
// Iterate over all result sets and all rows to get plan.
while (dr.Read( ))
sb.Append(dr.GetString(0) + Environment.NewLine);
} while(dr.NextResult( ));
// Create and execute the command to retrieve query results.
cmd = new SqlCommand("SET SHOWPLAN_TEXT OFF", conn);
resultTextBox.Text = sb.ToString( );
The SQL SET statement alters current session handling of specific information. Table 10-
4 describes the categories of SET statements.
Table 10-4. SET statement categories
Date and Time Alters current session settings for handling of date and time data
Locking Alters current session settings for handling SQL Server locking
Alters current session settings for miscellaneous SQL Server
Alters current session settings for query execution and processing
SQL-92 Settings Alters current session settings for using SQL-92 default settings
Statistics Alters current session settings for displaying statistics
Transactions Alters current session settings for handling SQL Server Transactions
When SHOWPLAN_TEXT (from the Query Execution category) is ON, SQL Server
returns a result set containing detailed information about how the SQL statements are
going to be executed rather than actually executing the statements. Two result sets are
returned for each statement, both containing a single column StmtText. The first result set
contains the SQL statement while the second contains rows detailing the plan. For batch
SQL statements, the result sets alternate between statement and plan for each statement in
SHOWPLAN_TEXT does not need to be explicitly set to OFF. It only affects the
command issued subsequent to the statement in which it is SET ON, not all of the
commands executed while the connection object is open.
SHOWPLAN_ALL returns more information about the plan than just the StmtText
column but is turned on and off in the same way.
For more information about the SET statement, SHOWPLAN_TEXT, or
SHOWPLAN_ALL, see the topic "SET" in Microsoft SQL Server Books Online.
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