Giáo trình Anh văn giao tiếp

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  1. A 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words AOL A.O.B.2. A1. A.O.B. AOL abbr. used at the end of the list of subjects to be abbr. American corporation headquartered in Virginia, discussed at a meeting or conference owner and operator of on line and interactive computer services Forms: any other business Forms: America Online –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– a.m. ASAP4. 3. ASAP a.m. abbr. quickly; immediately; swiftly; speedily; fast abbr. morning; time before noon; hours between midnight and noon Forms: as soon as possible (asap, a.s.a.p., A.S.A.P.) Forms: ante meridiem (am, A.M, AM) –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– abide abbreviation6. 5. abbreviation abide n. shortened form of a word or word combination v. to comply; to obey; to conform; to stay; to tolerate Forms: plural: abbreviations Forms: abided; abided; abiding –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– able ability8. 7. ability able n. skill; talent; aptitude; capacity; power adj. competent; talented; apt Forms: plural: abilities –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– abound abolish10. 9. abolish abound v. to cancel; to revoke v. to be plentiful; to be filled with; to overflow with Forms: abolished; abolished; abolishing Forms: abounded; abounded; abounding –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– above above12. 11. above above prep. over; higher than; more than n. something previously mentioned or indicated Forms: no plural –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– above above14. 13. above above adj. mentioned earlier in the same text adv. overhead; over; in a higher place –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– abroad abreast16. 15. abreast abroad adv. side by side; in alignment; on top of; up-to-date; adv. in another country; outside; widely well-informed –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– absent absence18. 17. absence absent n. failure to appear; state of being away; state of being adj. preoccupied; lost in thought not present Forms: no plural –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– absorbed absorb20. 19. 1 PHOTOCOPIABLE ©
  2. A 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words absorb absorbed v. to suck up; take up; take in adj. treated as an expense Forms: absorbed; absorbed; absorbing –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– abuse abundant22. 21. abundant abuse adj. plentiful; copious; profuse; full abounding with v. to injure; to harm; to mistreat Forms: abused; abused; abusing –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– accelerate abuse24. 23. abuse accelerate n. maltreatment; corrupt practice; foul language v. to hasten; to increase the speed of something; to speed something up Forms: no plural Forms: accelerated; accelerated; accelerating –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– accept accelerator26. 25. accelerator accept n. gas pedal of a motor vehicle v. to receive; to agree; to consent Forms: plural: accelerators Forms: accepted; accepted; accepting –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– access acceptance28. 27. acceptance access n. act of receiving; approval; state of believing in v. to gain entrance to; to get at something Forms: no plural Forms: accessed; accessed; accessing –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– accident access30. 29. access accident n. approach; entry; permission to enter a computer n. casualty; misadventure; mishap; failure system or network and/or retrieve data Forms: no plural Forms: plural: accidents –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– accommodation accommodate32. 31. accommodate accommodation v. to adapt oneself; to host guests; to provide lodging n. housing; residence; lodging; arrangement; adjustment Forms: accommodated; accommodated; accommodating Forms: no plural –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– accomplish accompany34. 33. accompany accomplish v. to go along with; to go together with; to join; to attach v. to complete; to achieve; to attain; to perform Forms: accompanied; accompanied; accompanying Forms: accomplished; accomplished; accomplishing –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– accord accomplishment36. 35. 2 PHOTOCOPIABLE ©
  3. A 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words accomplishment accord n. fulfillment; realization; attainment; achievement v. to give; to match; to fit; to complement Forms: plural: accomplishments Forms: accorded; accorded; according –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– accordance accord38. 37. accord accordance n. agreement; settlement; harmony n. conformity; agreement; coordination; suitability Forms: no plural Forms: no plural –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– account account40. 39. account account v. to explain; to give a report; to cause; to regard n. business arrangement; client; funds deposited in a bank Forms: accounted; accounted; accounting Forms: plural: accounts –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– accounting accountant42. 41. accountant accounting n. a person who keeps financial records; a person who n. a system of recording and analyzing financial conducts financial audits transactions; auditing; a detailed financial statement Forms: plural: accountants Forms: no plural –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– accrue accredit44. 43. accredit accrue v. to certify; to recognize; to assign; to license v. to compile; to increase; to accumulate; to grow Forms: accredited; accredited; accrediting Forms: accrued; accrued; accruing –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– achieve accuracy46. 45. accuracy achieve n. preciseness; exactness v. to obtain; to attain; to perform; to accomplish Forms: no plural Forms: achieved; achieved; achieving –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– acquaint achievement48. 47. achievement acquaint n. performance; operation; attainment; mission; success v. to make familiar; to present someone; to introduce someone Forms: plural: achievements Forms: acquainted; acquainted; acquainting –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– acquainted acquaintance50. 49. acquaintance acquainted n. person that you have met but do not know well; adj. familiar; close; intimate; informed; aware knowledge of something; familiarity Forms: plural: acquaintances –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– acquisition acquire52. 51. 3 PHOTOCOPIABLE ©
  4. A 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words acquire acquisition v. to buy; to obtain; to purchase; to attain n. purchase; something that has been purchased or obtained Forms: acquired; acquired; acquiring Forms: plural: acquisitions –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– actual acronym54. 53. acronym actual n. a word which is formed from the first letters of several adj. substantial; real; tangible; current words; i.e. TOEIC or NATO Forms: plural: acronyms –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– ad ad56. 55. ad ad n. informal word for a commercial announcement pref. toward; at Forms: plural: ads –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– adamant adamant58. 57. adamant adamant n. something unyielding; something hard; stone similar to adj. unyielding; firm; hard; unbending diamond Forms: plural: adamants –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– addiction adapt60. 59. adapt addiction v. to conform; to change; to make suitable; to match; to fit n. devotion to a certain habit; dependency Forms: adapted; adapted; adapting Forms: plural: addictions –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– additional addition62. 61. addition additional n. supplement; mathematical operation adj. extra; supplemental Forms: plural: additions –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– address additive64. 63. additive address n. supplement v. to direct to; to speak to; to direct to a specific destination; to refer to Forms: plural: additives Forms: addressed; addressed; addressing –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– adept address66. 65. address adept n. location; description of a location adj. proficient; skilled; expert Forms: plural: addresses –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– adequate adept68. 67. 4 PHOTOCOPIABLE ©
  5. A 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words adept adequate n. person who is an expert; person who is skilled adj. sufficient; suitable; appropriate; proper Forms: plural: adepts –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– adjourn adhere70. 69. adhere adjourn v. to stick to; to cling to; to be devoted to (an idea, group, v. to postpone; to delay; to end a meeting; to move to organization etc.) another place Forms: adhered; adhered; adhering Forms: adjourned; adjourned; adjourning –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– rate adjustable adjust72. 71. adjust adjustable rate v. to modify; to adapt; to fit; to arrange; to settle n. an interest percentage that changes over time Forms: adjusted; adjusted; adjusting Forms: plural: adjustable rates –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– administer adjustment74. 73. adjustment administer n. adaption; settlement of an insurance claim v. to manage; to supervise; to supply; to dispense Forms: plural: adjustments Forms: administered; administered; administering –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– administrative administration76. 75. administration administrative n. management; supervisors; leadership adj. managerial; executive Forms: plural: administrations –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– admiration admirable78. 77. admirable admiration adj. worthy of adoration; impressive; wonderful; n. enchantment; affection; adoration marvelous Forms: no plural –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– admit admission80. 79. admission admit n. entrance; permission to enter; confession v. to confess to something; to allow entrance; to accept as valid Forms: no plural Forms: admitted; admitted; admitting –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– ado admonish82. 81. admonish ado v. to warn; to scold; to reprove n. commotion; flurry; excitement Forms: admonished; admonished; admonishing Forms: no plural –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– adorn adopt84. 83. 5 PHOTOCOPIABLE ©
  6. A 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words adopt adorn v. to form a relationship with another person v. to decorate; to beautify Forms: adopted; adopted; adopting Forms: adorned; adorned; adorning –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– adult adroit86. 85. adroit adult adj. alert; clever; ingenious; skillful; adept n. opposite of child; a grown-up; a mature person Forms: plural: adults –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– advance adult88. 87. adult advance adj. mature; full grown adj. beforehand –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– advance advance90. 89. advance advance n. progress; modernization; promotion v. to progress; to promote; to make a payment before it is due Forms: plural: advances Forms: advanced; advanced; advancing –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– advantage advancement92. 91. advancement advantage n. forward movement; progress; promotion n. benefit; profit; utility; avail Forms: plural: advancements Forms: plural: advantages –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– opinion adverse advantage94. 93. advantage adverse opinion v. to help; to assist; to promote; to be beneficial to n. one of several separate payments into which a debt has been divided; section; portion Forms: advantaged; advantaged; advantaging Forms: plural: adverse opinions –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– adversity adversely96. 95. adversely adversity adv. unfavorably; in a manner that works against; n. misfortune; hardship; distress; suffering antagonistically Forms: plural: adversities –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– advert advert98. 97. advert advert v. to refer to; to comment on; to draw attention to n. public announcement or printed notice designed to attract attention Forms: adverted; adverted; adverting Forms: plural: adverts –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– advertisement advertise100. 99. 6 PHOTOCOPIABLE ©
  7. A 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words advertise advertisement v. to promote; to draw attention to; to publicize n. commercial information designed to attract attention; commercial Forms: advertised; advertised; advertising Forms: plural: advertisements –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– advise advice102. 101. advice advise n. counsel; guidance; specific information; hint v. to counsel; to offer guidance; to notify; to inform Forms: no plural Forms: advised; advised; advising –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– affect advisor104. 103. advisor affect n. a person who provides guidance; consultant; counselor v. to influence Forms: plural: advisors; other spelling version: adviser Forms: affected; affected; affecting –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– affiliate affiliate106. 105. affiliate affiliate n. partner company; distributor v. to join with; to connect to; to become attached to Forms: plural: affiliates Forms: affiliated; affiliated; affiliating –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– affinity affiliation108. 107. affiliation affinity n. connection; attachment n. attraction; closeness; liking; likeness Forms: plural: affiliations Forms: plural: affinities –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– age afford110. 109. afford age v. to be able to pay for; to supply; to provide n. period; era; generation Forms: afforded; afforded; affording Forms: plural: ages –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– agency age112. 111. age agency v. to grow older; to mature n. office; bureau; institution; franchise; method Forms: aged; aged; aging Forms: plural: agencies –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– agent agenda114. 113. agenda agent n. schedule; calendar; outline of things to be done n. representative; rep; factor; cause Forms: plural: agendas Forms: plural: agents –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– aggregate aggregate116. 115. aggregate aggregate v. to accumulate; to gather; to collect; to assemble adj. collective; total; taking all units as a whole Forms: aggregated; aggregated; aggregating –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– schedule aging aggregate118. 117. 7 PHOTOCOPIABLE ©
  8. A 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words aggregate aging schedule n. combination; conjunction; group; mixture n. a list of accounts receivable Forms: plural: aggregates Forms: plural: aging schedules –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– agreement agree120. 119. agree agreement v. to consent; to concur; to suit; to have the same n. pact; contract; accord; consent; concurrence opinion; to fit Forms: agreed; agreed; agreeing Forms: plural: agreements –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– aid ahead122. 121. ahead aid adv. forward; in advance v. to help; to assist Forms: aided; aided; aiding –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– aim aid124. 123. aid aim n. help; assistance; accessory n. purpose; goal; objective; target Forms: plural: aids Forms: plural: aims –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– aircraft aim126. 125. aim aircraft v. to try or to intend to achieve something; to direct; to n. any vehicle which can be flown (i.e. helicopter) plan; to aspire Forms: aimed; aimed; aiming Forms: no plural –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– airways airport128. 127. airport airways n. place used by planes for takeoff and landing n. route through traveled by vehicles above ground level Forms: plural: airports Forms: no plural –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– alert aisle130. 129. aisle alert n. passage; walkway (between rows of seats or shelves) adj. ready; attentive; quick; agile Forms: plural: aisles –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– alert alert132. 131. alert alert n. warning; alarm; attitude of readiness v. to warn; to put on standby; to alarm Forms: plural: alerts Forms: alerted; alerted; alerting –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– allay alive134. 133. 8 PHOTOCOPIABLE ©
  9. A 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words alive allay adj. active; attentive v. to relieve; to calm; to alleviate pain Forms: allayed; allayed; allaying –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– alliance alleviate136. 135. alleviate alliance v. to allay; to soothe; to relieve; to soften; to lessen n. pact; treaty; connection; relationship Forms: alleviated; alleviated; alleviating Forms: plural: alliances –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– allow allot138. 137. allot allow v. to give out; to distribute; to ration; to set aside for a v. to permit; to enable special purpose Forms: allotted; allotted; allotting Forms: allowed; allowed; allowing –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– already allowance140. 139. allowance already n. grant; pocket money; stipend; discount; deduction adv. previously; before a certain time Forms: plural: allowances –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– alternate alter142. 141. alter alternate v. to change; to modify adj. rotating; one after the other; interchanging Forms: altered; altered; altering –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– alternative alternate144. 143. alternate alternative v. to interchange; to take turns; to rotate; to substitute n. choice; option Forms: alternated; alternated; alternating Forms: plural: alternatives –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– altitude although146. 145. although altitude conj. despite the fact that; in spite of the fact that n. height; distance above sea level Forms: plural: altitudes –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– ambiguous ambiguity148. 147. ambiguity ambiguous n. vagueness; lack of clarity adj. open to dispute; obscure; vague Forms: plural: ambiguities –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– ambitious ambition150. 149. ambition ambitious n. aspiration; hope; goal; dream adj. aspiring; desirous of success; requiring great effort Forms: plural: ambitions –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– amend ambivalence152. 151. 9 PHOTOCOPIABLE ©
  10. A 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words ambivalence amend n. state of having both positive and negative feelings v. to change; to alter; to improve towards a subject Forms: no plural Forms: amended; amended; amending –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– amount amortization154. 153. amortization amount n. gradual payment of debt; the reduction of the value of v. to come to a sum; to become; to total an asset Forms: plural: amortizations Forms: amounted; amounted; amounting –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– ample amount156. 155. amount ample n. quantity; sum adj. much; plenty; large; spacious Forms: plural: amounts –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– analyze analysis158. 157. analysis analyze n. process of breaking down a subject and studying it; v. to examine; to break down into parts and study (as in a examination subject) Forms: no plural Forms: analyzed; analyzed; analyzing –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– anchor anchor160. 159. anchor anchor v. to attach firmly; to fasten tightly n. newsreader; broadcaster Forms: anchored; anchored; anchoring Forms: plural: anchors –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– anger anger162. 161. anger anger v. to irritate; to infuriate; to enrage n. rage; fury Forms: angered; angered; angering Forms: no plural –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– angle angle164. 163. angle angle v. to bend; to turn sharply in a different direction n. point of view; perspective Forms: angled; angled; angling Forms: plural: angles –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– announcement anniversary166. 165. anniversary announcement n. yearly date commemorating a special event; birthday n. declaration; notice; the act of informing the public Forms: plural: anniversaries Forms: plural: announcements –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– annoying annoy168. 167. 10 PHOTOCOPIABLE ©
  11. A 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words annoy annoying v. to bother; to trouble; to disturb; to upset adj. bothersome; troublesome; worrisome; harassing Forms: annoyed; annoyed; annoying –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– anticipate annual170. 169. annual anticipate adj. occurring once a year; yearly v. to expect; to predict; to assume Forms: anticipated; anticipated; anticipating –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– anxious anticipation172. 171. anticipation anxious n. expectation; hope; intuition adj. fearful; worried; worrisome; eager; keen Forms: plural: anticipations –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– anyway anyhow174. 173. anyhow anyway adv. in some way adv. in whatever manner; however –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– apart apart176. 175. apart apart prep. besides; but; excluding adv. separately; aside; into pieces –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– apologize apartment178. 177. apartment apologize n. flat v. to express regret; to say sorry Forms: plural: apartments Forms: apologized; apologized; apologizing –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– apparatus apology180. 179. apology apparatus n. expression of regret or sorrow; excuse; defense; n. device; system; machine; gadget; appliance justification Forms: plural: apologies Forms: plural: apparatuses –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– apparel apparel182. 181. apparel apparel v. to dress; to adorn wear n. clothing; garments; clothes; garb Forms: appareled; appareled; appareling Forms: plural: apparels –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– appeal apparently184. 183. apparently appeal adv. evidently; obviously; allegedly; seemingly v. to plead; to request; to petition for a new trial or judgment Forms: appealed; appealed; appealing –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– appealing appeal186. 185. 11 PHOTOCOPIABLE ©
  12. A 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words appeal appealing n. request; plea; petition for a new trial or judgment adj. begging; attractive; interesting Forms: plural: appeals –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– appearance appear188. 187. appear appearance v. to come into view; to show up; to seem n. impression; the way a person looks; image; semblance Forms: appeared; appeared; appearing Forms: no plural –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– applicant appliance190. 189. appliance applicant n. tool; gadget; device; apparatus n. candidate; nominee Forms: plural: appliances Forms: plural: applicants –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– apply application192. 191. application apply n. software program; written request; formal letter; v. to make a request; to implement; to realize; to put into implementation practice Forms: plural: applications Forms: applied; applied; applying –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– appointment appoint194. 193. appoint appointment v. to nominate; to designate n. official date; meeting; interview; nomination Forms: appointed; appointed; appointing Forms: plural: appointments –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– approach appreciate196. 195. appreciate approach v. to esteem; to regard highly; to become more valuable v. to come near to; to tackle (a problem or situation) Forms: appreciated; appreciated; appreciating Forms: approached; approached; approaching –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– appropriate approach198. 197. approach appropriate n. access; method; system; procedure adj. suitable; fitting Forms: plural: approaches –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– approval appropriate200. 199. appropriate approval v. to set aside; to allot; to adapt; to embrace; to accept n. confirmation; endorsement; positive opinion Forms: appropriated; appropriated; appropriating Forms: plural: approvals –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– list approved approve202. 201. 12 PHOTOCOPIABLE ©
  13. A 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words approve approved list v. to agree; to concur; to confirm; to endorse n. inventory of legal investments for savings banks and trust funds Forms: approved; approved; approving Forms: plural: approved lists –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– apt approximately204. 203. approximately apt adv. nearly; about; around; circa adj. suitable; appropriate; intelligent; savvy; capable –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– arbitrary aptitude206. 205. aptitude arbitrary n. ability; skill; talent adj. optional; uncertain; changeable; open; unrestricted Forms: plural: aptitudes –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– argue area208. 207. area argue n. region; domain; field; category v. to dispute; to claim; to give reasons Forms: plural: areas Forms: argued; argued; arguing –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– arrange argument210. 209. argument arrange n. dispute; claim; rationale; cause v. to organize; to settle; to structure; to order; to systematize Forms: plural: arguments Forms: arranged; arranged; arranging –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– array arrangement212. 211. arrangement array n. organization; order; selection; range; assortment n. display; layout; clothing; menu Forms: plural: arrangements Forms: plural: arrays –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– arrest arrest214. 213. arrest arrest n. detention; imprisonment v. to detain; to slow down; to capture; to imprison Forms: plural: arrests Forms: arrested; arrested; arresting –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– arrive arrival216. 215. arrival arrive n. reaching a destination; incoming; opposite of departure v. to reach a destination; to return; to come back; to succeed Forms: plural: arrivals Forms: arrived; arrived; arriving –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– article article218. 217. article article n. item; object; piece of text; paragraph of a contract v. to bind with a contract Forms: plural: articles Forms: articled; articled; articling –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– articulate articulate220. 219. 13 PHOTOCOPIABLE ©
  14. A 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words articulate articulate adj. lucid; eloquent; expressed using clear and distinct v. to express in a fluent and clear manner words; able to speak Forms: articulated; articulated; articulating –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– artisan artificial222. 221. artificial artisan adj. not genuine; simulated; unreal n. creator; craftsman; skilled workman Forms: plural: artisans –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– aspect ascertain224. 223. ascertain aspect v. to clarify; to confirm; to reinforce; to verify n. facet; outlook; direction; issue; point Forms: ascertained; ascertained; ascertaining Forms: plural: aspects –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– assembly assemble226. 225. assemble assembly v. to gather; to collect; to converge; to arrange; to meet n. meeting; conference; set; group of people Forms: assembled; assembled; assembling Forms: plural: assemblies –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– assessment assess228. 227. assess assessment v. to estimate; to gauge; to evaluate; to measure n. estimation; appraisal; measurement Forms: assessed; assessed; assessing Forms: plural: assessments –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– assign asset230. 229. asset assign n. something of value (property, equipment, goods, etc.); v. to allot; to apportion; to give somebody a task or item of quality; something beneficial responsibility; to delegate; to appoint Forms: plural: assets Forms: assigned; assigned; assigning –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– assimilate assignment232. 231. assignment assimilate n. task; duty; responsibility; role; obligation v. to incorporate; to take in; to absorb Forms: plural: assignments Forms: assimilated; assimilated; assimilating –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– assistance assist234. 233. assist assistance v. to aid; to help; to support; to guide; to direct n. aid; help; support; direction; upkeep Forms: assisted; assisted; assisting Forms: no plural –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– assistant assistant236. 235. 14 PHOTOCOPIABLE ©
  15. A 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words assistant assistant n. person who gives support to a superior; aide; helper adj. serving as an aide; helpful; supportive; auxiliary Forms: plural: assistants –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– associate associate238. 237. associate associate n. partner; fellow worker; co-worker; friend v. to share company; to connect; to relate to; to combine Forms: plural: associates Forms: associated; associated; associating –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– assort association240. 239. association assort n. organization; society; union; coalition; foundation v. to classify; to categorize; to systematize; to structure Forms: plural: associations Forms: assorted; assorted; assorting –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– assume assortment242. 241. assortment assume n. variety; collection; selection; range; mixture v. to suppose; to take on a position or duty; to accept an idea Forms: plural: assortments Forms: assumed; assumed; assuming –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– attach assure244. 243. assure attach v. to give confidence; to promise; to pledge; to encourage v. to fasten; to link to; to add; to ascribe to; to connect to Forms: assured; assured; assuring Forms: attached; attached; attaching –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– attain attachment246. 245. attachment attain n. connection; confiscation; file sent via email v. to reach; to achieve; to fulfill; to realize (a goal, purpose, etc.) Forms: plural: attachments Forms: attained; attained; attaining –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– attempt attainment248. 247. attainment attempt n. achievement; fulfillment; ability n. try; assay; test; trial Forms: plural: attainments Forms: plural: attempts –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– attend attempt250. 249. attempt attend v. to try to; to assay v. to be present in a place; to care for; to serve; to accompany Forms: attempted; attempted; attempting Forms: attended; attended; attending –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– attendant attendance252. 251. 15 PHOTOCOPIABLE ©
  16. A 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words attendance attendant n. being physically present; act of accompanying or n. steward; stewardess; person who serves others; serving person who accompanies others Forms: no plural Forms: plural: attendants –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– attendee attendant254. 253. attendant attendee adj. present; opposite of absent; accompanying n. person who takes part in a particular event such as a conference or seminar; participant Forms: plural: attendees –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– attentive attention256. 255. attention attentive n. concentration; consideration; focus; care; adj. concentrated; focused; observant; polite; caring acknowledgment; recognition Forms: no plural –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– attire attentiveness258. 257. attentiveness attire n. concentration; ability to concentrate on an issue n. dress; clothing; apparel Forms: no plural Forms: no plural –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– attitude attire260. 259. attire attitude v. to dress; to put on clothes n. position; opinion; viewpoint; outlook; perspective Forms: attired; attired; attiring Forms: plural: attitudes –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– attorney attn.262. 261. attn. attorney abbr. directed to a particular person (generally used n. lawyer; barrister; advocate; solicitor when addressing a letter or message) or issue Forms: attention Forms: plural: attorneys –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– attribute attract264. 263. attract attribute v. to draw attention; to captivate; to fascinate n. quality; factor; characteristic; feature Forms: attracted; attracted; attracting Forms: plural: attributes –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– auction attribute266. 265. attribute auction v. to ascribe to; to link to; to associate with; to relate to n. public sale where goods are sold to the highest bidder (such as eBay) Forms: attributed; attributed; attributing Forms: plural: auctions –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– audience auction268. 267. 16 PHOTOCOPIABLE ©
  17. A 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words auction audience v. to sell something through a bidding system n. group of people who attend a seminar, a talk, etc. Forms: auctioned; auctioned; auctioning Forms: plural: audience –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– audit audio270. 269. audio audit adj. pertaining to hearing and listening; sound n. examination of financial accounts; internal investigation Forms: plural: audits –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– auditorium audit272. 271. audit auditorium v. to examine accounts and other financial records n. large room used for lectures; talks, performances and other events Forms: audited; audited; auditing Forms: plural: auditoriums –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– authority augment274. 273. augment authority v. to increase; to enlarge; to enhance; to multiply n. official institution; agency; power; control; jurisdiction Forms: augmented; augmented; augmenting Forms: plural: authorities –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– autograph authorize276. 275. authorize autograph v. to permit; to approve; to empower v. to write one's name by hand; to sign one's name Forms: authorized; authorized; authorizing Forms: autographed; autographed; autographing –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– automobile autograph278. 277. autograph automobile n. a person's handwritten signature n. car; vehicle; ride Forms: plural: autographs Forms: plural: automobiles –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– avail avail280. 279. avail avail v. to be useful; to help; to facilitate n. advantage; profit; help; benefit Forms: availed; availed; availing Forms: plural: avails –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– float availability availability282. 281. availability availability float n. accessibility; attainability; obtainability n. the time or amount of money that defined by checks that have been deposited but not cleared yet Forms: no plural Forms: plural: availability floats –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– average available284. 283. available average adj. ready for use; attainable; present; vail adj. immediate; common; usual; standard –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– average average286. 285. 17 PHOTOCOPIABLE ©
  18. A 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words average average n. mean; median v. to have a mean of a certain amount Forms: plural: averages Forms: averaged; averaged; averaging –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– award avoid288. 287. avoid award v. to escape; to keep away from; to prevent; to keep from n. prize; grant; arbitration happening; to evade Forms: avoided; avoided; avoiding Forms: plural: awards –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– aware award290. 289. award aware v. to give; to grant; to judge; to rule adj. attentive; conscious of Forms: awarded; awarded; awarding –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– awesome awareness292. 291. awareness awesome n. consciousness adj. impressive; inspiring; great; frightening Forms: no plural –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– 18 PHOTOCOPIABLE ©
  19. B 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words back back2. B1. back back n. part of a chair; rear part of the human body v. to support; to assist; to strengthen Forms: plural: backs Forms: backed; backed; backing –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– back back4. 3. back back adj. behind; after; rear; hind adv. to the rear; to the past –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– order back door6. back 5. back door back order n. the U.S. treasury n. ordered merchandise that is not currently in stock but will be supplied in the future Forms: no plural Forms: plural: back orders –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– background up8. back 7. back up background v. to support; to solidify; to strengthen n. setting; biography Forms: backed up; backed up; backing up Forms: plural: backgrounds –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– backup backlash10. 9. backlash backup n. rebound; recoiling; sudden movement to the rear n. copying of data for safety purposes; substitute; reserve; spare Forms: plural: backlashes Forms: plural: backups –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– baggage badge12. 11. badge baggage n. tag; sign; identification tag n. luggage; cargo; things to take on a trip; equipment Forms: plural: badges Forms: no plural –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– balance balance14. 13. balance balance v. to make equal n. leveling; harmony; stability; rest; remainder Forms: balanced; balanced; balancing Forms: plural: balances –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– bank bank16. 15. bank bank v. to deposit money; in a money institution; to count on; to n. institution for saving and borrowing money; cashier depend upon Forms: banked; banked; banking Forms: plural: banks –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– banknote draft18. bank 17. bank draft banknote n. check n. bill; money made of paper Forms: plural: bank drafts Forms: plural: banknotes –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– bankrupt bankrupt20. 19. 19 PHOTOCOPIABLE ©
  20. B 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words bankrupt bankrupt adj. lacking; deficient; insolvent; unable to pay debts n. a person who was unable to repay their debts Forms: plural: bankrupts –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– bankruptcy bankrupt22. 21. bankrupt bankruptcy v. to ruin financially; to go bust; to go broke; to collapse n. state of losing property to one's creditor's due to unpaid debts; insolvency Forms: bankrupted; bankrupted; bankrupting Forms: plural: bankruptcies –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– banquet banquet24. 23. banquet banquet n. celebration; feast; dinner; drinking v. to hold a party; to feast; to dine; to drink Forms: plural: banquets Forms: banqueted; banqueted; banqueting –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– barely wire26. barbed 25. barbed wire barely n. metal cord with sharp projecting points adv. hardly; scarcely Forms: plural: barbed wires –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– bargain bargain28. 27. bargain bargain n. good deal; agreement; item that has been bought at a v. to negotiate; to arrive at an agreement specially low price Forms: plural: bargains Forms: bargained; bargained; bargaining –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– capital barren barometer30. 29. barometer barren capital n. commercial and market information that indicates n. money which is not generating profit overall economic trends Forms: plural: barometers Forms: no plural –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– barter barrier32. 31. barrier barter n. border; limit; obstacle; barricade n. exchanging of goods and services; trade Forms: plural: barriers Forms: plural: barters –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– base barter34. 33. barter base v. to exchange goods and services v. to establish; to found; to set up; to place on Forms: bartered; bartered; bartering Forms: based; based; basing –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– base base36. 35. 20 PHOTOCOPIABLE ©
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