Giáo trình Anh văn giao tiếp

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A 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words
AOL
A.O.B.2.
A1.
A.O.B. AOL
abbr. used at the end of the list of subjects to be abbr. American corporation headquartered in Virginia,
discussed at a meeting or conference owner and operator of on line and interactive computer
services

Forms: any other business Forms: America Online
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
a.m.
ASAP4.
3.
ASAP a.m.
abbr. quickly; immediately; swiftly; speedily; fast abbr. morning; time before noon; hours between midnight
and noon

Forms: as soon as possible (asap, a.s.a.p., A.S.A.P.) Forms: ante meridiem (am, A.M, AM)
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
abide
abbreviation6.
5.
abbreviation abide
n. shortened form of a word or word combination v. to comply; to obey; to conform; to stay; to tolerate

Forms: plural: abbreviations Forms: abided; abided; abiding
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
able
ability8.
7.
ability able
n. skill; talent; aptitude; capacity; power adj. competent; talented; apt

Forms: plural: abilities
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
abound
abolish10.
9.
abolish abound
v. to cancel; to revoke v. to be plentiful; to be filled with; to overflow with

Forms: abolished; abolished; abolishing Forms: abounded; abounded; abounding
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
above
above12.
11.
above above
prep. over; higher than; more than n. something previously mentioned or indicated

Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
above
above14.
13.
above above
adj. mentioned earlier in the same text adv. overhead; over; in a higher place
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
abroad
abreast16.
15.
abreast abroad
adv. side by side; in alignment; on top of; up-to-date; adv. in another country; outside; widely
well-informed
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
absent
absence18.
17.
absence absent
n. failure to appear; state of being away; state of being adj. preoccupied; lost in thought
not present

Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
absorbed
absorb20.
19.
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absorb absorbed
v. to suck up; take up; take in adj. treated as an expense

Forms: absorbed; absorbed; absorbing
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abuse
abundant22.
21.
abundant abuse
adj. plentiful; copious; profuse; full abounding with v. to injure; to harm; to mistreat

Forms: abused; abused; abusing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
accelerate
abuse24.
23.
abuse accelerate
n. maltreatment; corrupt practice; foul language v. to hasten; to increase the speed of something; to
speed something up

Forms: no plural Forms: accelerated; accelerated; accelerating
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
accept
accelerator26.
25.
accelerator accept
n. gas pedal of a motor vehicle v. to receive; to agree; to consent

Forms: plural: accelerators Forms: accepted; accepted; accepting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
access
acceptance28.
27.
acceptance access
n. act of receiving; approval; state of believing in v. to gain entrance to; to get at
something

Forms: no plural Forms: accessed; accessed; accessing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
accident
access30.
29.
access accident
n. approach; entry; permission to enter a computer n. casualty; misadventure; mishap; failure
system or network and/or retrieve data

Forms: no plural Forms: plural: accidents
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
accommodation
accommodate32.
31.
accommodate accommodation
v. to adapt oneself; to host guests; to provide lodging n. housing; residence; lodging; arrangement; adjustment

Forms: accommodated; accommodated; accommodating Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
accomplish
accompany34.
33.
accompany accomplish
v. to go along with; to go together with; to join; to attach v. to complete; to achieve; to attain; to perform

Forms: accompanied; accompanied; accompanying Forms: accomplished; accomplished; accomplishing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
accord
accomplishment36.
35.
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accomplishment accord
n. fulfillment; realization; attainment; achievement v. to give; to match; to fit; to complement

Forms: plural: accomplishments Forms: accorded; accorded; according
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
accordance
accord38.
37.
accord accordance
n. agreement; settlement; harmony n. conformity; agreement; coordination; suitability

Forms: no plural Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
account
account40.
39.
account account
v. to explain; to give a report; to cause; to regard n. business arrangement; client; funds deposited in a
bank

Forms: accounted; accounted; accounting Forms: plural: accounts
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
accounting
accountant42.
41.
accountant accounting
n. a person who keeps financial records; a person who n. a system of recording and analyzing financial
conducts financial audits transactions; auditing; a detailed financial statement

Forms: plural: accountants Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
accrue
accredit44.
43.
accredit accrue
v. to certify; to recognize; to assign; to license v. to compile; to increase; to accumulate; to grow

Forms: accredited; accredited; accrediting Forms: accrued; accrued; accruing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
achieve
accuracy46.
45.
accuracy achieve
n. preciseness; exactness v. to obtain; to attain; to perform; to accomplish

Forms: no plural Forms: achieved; achieved; achieving
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
acquaint
achievement48.
47.
achievement acquaint
n. performance; operation; attainment; mission; success v. to make familiar; to present someone; to introduce
someone

Forms: plural: achievements Forms: acquainted; acquainted; acquainting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
acquainted
acquaintance50.
49.
acquaintance acquainted
n. person that you have met but do not know well; adj. familiar; close; intimate; informed; aware
knowledge of something; familiarity

Forms: plural: acquaintances
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
acquisition
acquire52.
51.
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acquire acquisition
v. to buy; to obtain; to purchase; to attain n. purchase; something that has been purchased or
obtained

Forms: acquired; acquired; acquiring Forms: plural: acquisitions
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
actual
acronym54.
53.
acronym actual
n. a word which is formed from the first letters of several adj. substantial; real; tangible; current
words; i.e. TOEIC or NATO

Forms: plural: acronyms
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
ad
ad56.
55.
ad ad
n. informal word for a commercial announcement pref. toward; at

Forms: plural: ads
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
adamant
adamant58.
57.
adamant adamant
n. something unyielding; something hard; stone similar to adj. unyielding; firm; hard; unbending
diamond

Forms: plural: adamants
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addiction
adapt60.
59.
adapt addiction
v. to conform; to change; to make suitable; to match; to fit n. devotion to a certain habit; dependency

Forms: adapted; adapted; adapting Forms: plural: addictions
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
additional
addition62.
61.
addition additional
n. supplement; mathematical operation adj. extra; supplemental

Forms: plural: additions
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
address
additive64.
63.
additive address
n. supplement v. to direct to; to speak to; to direct to a specific
destination; to refer to

Forms: plural: additives Forms: addressed; addressed; addressing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
adept
address66.
65.
address adept
n. location; description of a location adj. proficient; skilled; expert

Forms: plural: addresses
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
adequate
adept68.
67.
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adept adequate
n. person who is an expert; person who is skilled adj. sufficient; suitable; appropriate; proper

Forms: plural: adepts
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adjourn
adhere70.
69.
adhere adjourn
v. to stick to; to cling to; to be devoted to (an idea, group, v. to postpone; to delay; to end a meeting; to move to
organization etc.) another place

Forms: adhered; adhered; adhering Forms: adjourned; adjourned; adjourning
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
rate
adjustable
adjust72.
71.
adjust adjustable rate
v. to modify; to adapt; to fit; to arrange; to settle n. an interest percentage that changes over time

Forms: adjusted; adjusted; adjusting Forms: plural: adjustable rates
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
administer
adjustment74.
73.
adjustment administer
n. adaption; settlement of an insurance claim v. to manage; to supervise; to supply; to dispense

Forms: plural: adjustments Forms: administered; administered; administering
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
administrative
administration76.
75.
administration administrative
n. management; supervisors; leadership adj. managerial; executive

Forms: plural: administrations
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
admiration
admirable78.
77.
admirable admiration
adj. worthy of adoration; impressive; wonderful; n. enchantment; affection; adoration
marvelous

Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
admit
admission80.
79.
admission admit
n. entrance; permission to enter; confession v. to confess to something; to allow entrance; to accept
as valid

Forms: no plural Forms: admitted; admitted; admitting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
ado
admonish82.
81.
admonish ado
v. to warn; to scold; to reprove n. commotion; flurry; excitement

Forms: admonished; admonished; admonishing Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
adorn
adopt84.
83.
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adopt adorn
v. to form a relationship with another person v. to decorate; to beautify

Forms: adopted; adopted; adopting Forms: adorned; adorned; adorning
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
adult
adroit86.
85.
adroit adult
adj. alert; clever; ingenious; skillful; adept n. opposite of child; a grown-up; a mature person

Forms: plural: adults
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
advance
adult88.
87.
adult advance
adj. mature; full grown adj. beforehand
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
advance
advance90.
89.
advance advance
n. progress; modernization; promotion v. to progress; to promote; to make a payment before it is
due

Forms: plural: advances Forms: advanced; advanced; advancing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
advantage
advancement92.
91.
advancement advantage
n. forward movement; progress; promotion n. benefit; profit; utility; avail

Forms: plural: advancements Forms: plural: advantages
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
opinion
adverse
advantage94.
93.
advantage adverse opinion
v. to help; to assist; to promote; to be beneficial to n. one of several separate payments into which a debt
has been divided; section; portion

Forms: advantaged; advantaged; advantaging Forms: plural: adverse opinions
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
adversity
adversely96.
95.
adversely adversity
adv. unfavorably; in a manner that works against; n. misfortune; hardship; distress; suffering
antagonistically

Forms: plural: adversities
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
advert
advert98.
97.
advert advert
v. to refer to; to comment on; to draw attention to n. public announcement or printed notice designed to
attract attention

Forms: adverted; adverted; adverting Forms: plural: adverts
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
advertisement
advertise100.
99.
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advertise advertisement
v. to promote; to draw attention to; to publicize n. commercial information designed to attract attention;
commercial

Forms: advertised; advertised; advertising Forms: plural: advertisements
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
advise
advice102.
101.
advice advise
n. counsel; guidance; specific information; hint v. to counsel; to offer guidance; to notify; to inform

Forms: no plural Forms: advised; advised; advising
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
affect
advisor104.
103.
advisor affect
n. a person who provides guidance; consultant; counselor v. to influence

Forms: plural: advisors; other spelling version: adviser Forms: affected; affected; affecting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
affiliate
affiliate106.
105.
affiliate affiliate
n. partner company; distributor v. to join with; to connect to; to become attached to

Forms: plural: affiliates Forms: affiliated; affiliated; affiliating
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
affinity
affiliation108.
107.
affiliation affinity
n. connection; attachment n. attraction; closeness; liking; likeness

Forms: plural: affiliations Forms: plural: affinities
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
age
afford110.
109.
afford age
v. to be able to pay for; to supply; to provide n. period; era; generation

Forms: afforded; afforded; affording Forms: plural: ages
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
agency
age112.
111.
age agency
v. to grow older; to mature n. office; bureau; institution; franchise; method

Forms: aged; aged; aging Forms: plural: agencies
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
agent
agenda114.
113.
agenda agent
n. schedule; calendar; outline of things to be done n. representative; rep; factor; cause

Forms: plural: agendas Forms: plural: agents
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
aggregate
aggregate116.
115.
aggregate aggregate
v. to accumulate; to gather; to collect; to assemble adj. collective; total; taking all units as a whole

Forms: aggregated; aggregated; aggregating
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
schedule
aging
aggregate118.
117.
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aggregate aging schedule
n. combination; conjunction; group; mixture n. a list of accounts receivable

Forms: plural: aggregates Forms: plural: aging schedules
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
agreement
agree120.
119.
agree agreement
v. to consent; to concur; to suit; to have the same n. pact; contract; accord; consent; concurrence
opinion; to fit

Forms: agreed; agreed; agreeing Forms: plural: agreements
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
aid
ahead122.
121.
ahead aid
adv. forward; in advance v. to help; to assist

Forms: aided; aided; aiding
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
aim
aid124.
123.
aid aim
n. help; assistance; accessory n. purpose; goal; objective; target

Forms: plural: aids Forms: plural: aims
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
aircraft
aim126.
125.
aim aircraft
v. to try or to intend to achieve something; to direct; to n. any vehicle which can be flown (i.e. helicopter)
plan; to aspire

Forms: aimed; aimed; aiming Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
airways
airport128.
127.
airport airways
n. place used by planes for takeoff and landing n. route through traveled by vehicles above ground level

Forms: plural: airports Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
alert
aisle130.
129.
aisle alert
n. passage; walkway (between rows of seats or shelves) adj. ready; attentive; quick; agile

Forms: plural: aisles
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
alert
alert132.
131.
alert alert
n. warning; alarm; attitude of readiness v. to warn; to put on standby; to alarm

Forms: plural: alerts Forms: alerted; alerted; alerting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
allay
alive134.
133.
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alive allay
adj. active; attentive v. to relieve; to calm; to alleviate pain

Forms: allayed; allayed; allaying
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
alliance
alleviate136.
135.
alleviate alliance
v. to allay; to soothe; to relieve; to soften; to lessen n. pact; treaty; connection; relationship

Forms: alleviated; alleviated; alleviating Forms: plural: alliances
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
allow
allot138.
137.
allot allow
v. to give out; to distribute; to ration; to set aside for a v. to permit; to enable
special purpose

Forms: allotted; allotted; allotting Forms: allowed; allowed; allowing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
already
allowance140.
139.
allowance already
n. grant; pocket money; stipend; discount; deduction adv. previously; before a certain time

Forms: plural: allowances
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
alternate
alter142.
141.
alter alternate
v. to change; to modify adj. rotating; one after the other; interchanging

Forms: altered; altered; altering
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
alternative
alternate144.
143.
alternate alternative
v. to interchange; to take turns; to rotate; to substitute n. choice; option

Forms: alternated; alternated; alternating Forms: plural: alternatives
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
altitude
although146.
145.
although altitude
conj. despite the fact that; in spite of the fact that n. height; distance above sea level

Forms: plural: altitudes
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
ambiguous
ambiguity148.
147.
ambiguity ambiguous
n. vagueness; lack of clarity adj. open to dispute; obscure; vague

Forms: plural: ambiguities
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
ambitious
ambition150.
149.
ambition ambitious
n. aspiration; hope; goal; dream adj. aspiring; desirous of success; requiring great effort

Forms: plural: ambitions
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
amend
ambivalence152.
151.
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ambivalence amend
n. state of having both positive and negative feelings v. to change; to alter; to improve
towards a subject

Forms: no plural Forms: amended; amended; amending
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
amount
amortization154.
153.
amortization amount
n. gradual payment of debt; the reduction of the value of v. to come to a sum; to become; to total
an asset

Forms: plural: amortizations Forms: amounted; amounted; amounting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
ample
amount156.
155.
amount ample
n. quantity; sum adj. much; plenty; large; spacious

Forms: plural: amounts
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
analyze
analysis158.
157.
analysis analyze
n. process of breaking down a subject and studying it; v. to examine; to break down into parts and study (as in a
examination subject)

Forms: no plural Forms: analyzed; analyzed; analyzing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
anchor
anchor160.
159.
anchor anchor
v. to attach firmly; to fasten tightly n. newsreader; broadcaster

Forms: anchored; anchored; anchoring Forms: plural: anchors
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
anger
anger162.
161.
anger anger
v. to irritate; to infuriate; to enrage n. rage; fury

Forms: angered; angered; angering Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
angle
angle164.
163.
angle angle
v. to bend; to turn sharply in a different direction n. point of view; perspective

Forms: angled; angled; angling Forms: plural: angles
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
announcement
anniversary166.
165.
anniversary announcement
n. yearly date commemorating a special event; birthday n. declaration; notice; the act of informing the public

Forms: plural: anniversaries Forms: plural: announcements
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
annoying
annoy168.
167.
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annoy annoying
v. to bother; to trouble; to disturb; to upset adj. bothersome; troublesome; worrisome; harassing

Forms: annoyed; annoyed; annoying
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
anticipate
annual170.
169.
annual anticipate
adj. occurring once a year; yearly v. to expect; to predict; to assume

Forms: anticipated; anticipated; anticipating
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
anxious
anticipation172.
171.
anticipation anxious
n. expectation; hope; intuition adj. fearful; worried; worrisome; eager; keen

Forms: plural: anticipations
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
anyway
anyhow174.
173.
anyhow anyway
adv. in some way adv. in whatever manner; however
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
apart
apart176.
175.
apart apart
prep. besides; but; excluding adv. separately; aside; into pieces
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
apologize
apartment178.
177.
apartment apologize
n. flat v. to express regret; to say sorry

Forms: plural: apartments Forms: apologized; apologized; apologizing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
apparatus
apology180.
179.
apology apparatus
n. expression of regret or sorrow; excuse; defense; n. device; system; machine; gadget; appliance
justification

Forms: plural: apologies Forms: plural: apparatuses
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
apparel
apparel182.
181.
apparel apparel
v. to dress; to adorn wear n. clothing; garments; clothes; garb

Forms: appareled; appareled; appareling Forms: plural: apparels
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
appeal
apparently184.
183.
apparently appeal
adv. evidently; obviously; allegedly; seemingly v. to plead; to request; to petition for a new trial or
judgment

Forms: appealed; appealed; appealing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
appealing
appeal186.
185.
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appeal appealing
n. request; plea; petition for a new trial or judgment adj. begging; attractive; interesting

Forms: plural: appeals
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
appearance
appear188.
187.
appear appearance
v. to come into view; to show up; to seem n. impression; the way a person looks; image; semblance

Forms: appeared; appeared; appearing Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
applicant
appliance190.
189.
appliance applicant
n. tool; gadget; device; apparatus n. candidate; nominee

Forms: plural: appliances Forms: plural: applicants
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
apply
application192.
191.
application apply
n. software program; written request; formal letter; v. to make a request; to implement; to realize; to put into
implementation practice

Forms: plural: applications Forms: applied; applied; applying
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
appointment
appoint194.
193.
appoint appointment
v. to nominate; to designate n. official date; meeting; interview; nomination

Forms: appointed; appointed; appointing Forms: plural: appointments
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
approach
appreciate196.
195.
appreciate approach
v. to esteem; to regard highly; to become more valuable v. to come near to; to tackle (a problem or situation)

Forms: appreciated; appreciated; appreciating Forms: approached; approached; approaching
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
appropriate
approach198.
197.
approach appropriate
n. access; method; system; procedure adj. suitable; fitting

Forms: plural: approaches
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
approval
appropriate200.
199.
appropriate approval
v. to set aside; to allot; to adapt; to embrace; to accept n. confirmation; endorsement; positive opinion

Forms: appropriated; appropriated; appropriating Forms: plural: approvals
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
list
approved
approve202.
201.
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approve approved list
v. to agree; to concur; to confirm; to endorse n. inventory of legal investments for savings banks and
trust funds

Forms: approved; approved; approving Forms: plural: approved lists
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
apt
approximately204.
203.
approximately apt
adv. nearly; about; around; circa adj. suitable; appropriate; intelligent; savvy; capable
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
arbitrary
aptitude206.
205.
aptitude arbitrary
n. ability; skill; talent adj. optional; uncertain; changeable; open; unrestricted

Forms: plural: aptitudes
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
argue
area208.
207.
area argue
n. region; domain; field; category v. to dispute; to claim; to give reasons

Forms: plural: areas Forms: argued; argued; arguing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
arrange
argument210.
209.
argument arrange
n. dispute; claim; rationale; cause v. to organize; to settle; to structure; to order; to
systematize

Forms: plural: arguments Forms: arranged; arranged; arranging
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
array
arrangement212.
211.
arrangement array
n. organization; order; selection; range; assortment n. display; layout; clothing; menu

Forms: plural: arrangements Forms: plural: arrays
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
arrest
arrest214.
213.
arrest arrest
n. detention; imprisonment v. to detain; to slow down; to capture; to imprison

Forms: plural: arrests Forms: arrested; arrested; arresting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
arrive
arrival216.
215.
arrival arrive
n. reaching a destination; incoming; opposite of departure v. to reach a destination; to return; to come back; to
succeed

Forms: plural: arrivals Forms: arrived; arrived; arriving
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
article
article218.
217.
article article
n. item; object; piece of text; paragraph of a contract v. to bind with a contract

Forms: plural: articles Forms: articled; articled; articling
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
articulate
articulate220.
219.
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articulate articulate
adj. lucid; eloquent; expressed using clear and distinct v. to express in a fluent and clear manner
words; able to speak

Forms: articulated; articulated; articulating
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
artisan
artificial222.
221.
artificial artisan
adj. not genuine; simulated; unreal n. creator; craftsman; skilled workman

Forms: plural: artisans
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
aspect
ascertain224.
223.
ascertain aspect
v. to clarify; to confirm; to reinforce; to verify n. facet; outlook; direction; issue; point

Forms: ascertained; ascertained; ascertaining Forms: plural: aspects
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
assembly
assemble226.
225.
assemble assembly
v. to gather; to collect; to converge; to arrange; to meet n. meeting; conference; set; group of people

Forms: assembled; assembled; assembling Forms: plural: assemblies
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
assessment
assess228.
227.
assess assessment
v. to estimate; to gauge; to evaluate; to measure n. estimation; appraisal; measurement

Forms: assessed; assessed; assessing Forms: plural: assessments
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
assign
asset230.
229.
asset assign
n. something of value (property, equipment, goods, etc.); v. to allot; to apportion; to give somebody a task or
item of quality; something beneficial responsibility; to delegate; to appoint

Forms: plural: assets Forms: assigned; assigned; assigning
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
assimilate
assignment232.
231.
assignment assimilate
n. task; duty; responsibility; role; obligation v. to incorporate; to take in; to absorb

Forms: plural: assignments Forms: assimilated; assimilated; assimilating
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
assistance
assist234.
233.
assist assistance
v. to aid; to help; to support; to guide; to direct n. aid; help; support; direction; upkeep

Forms: assisted; assisted; assisting Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
assistant
assistant236.
235.
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assistant assistant
n. person who gives support to a superior; aide; helper adj. serving as an aide; helpful; supportive; auxiliary

Forms: plural: assistants
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
associate
associate238.
237.
associate associate
n. partner; fellow worker; co-worker; friend v. to share company; to connect; to relate to; to combine

Forms: plural: associates Forms: associated; associated; associating
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
assort
association240.
239.
association assort
n. organization; society; union; coalition; foundation v. to classify; to categorize; to systematize; to structure

Forms: plural: associations Forms: assorted; assorted; assorting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
assume
assortment242.
241.
assortment assume
n. variety; collection; selection; range; mixture v. to suppose; to take on a position or duty; to accept an
idea

Forms: plural: assortments Forms: assumed; assumed; assuming
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
attach
assure244.
243.
assure attach
v. to give confidence; to promise; to pledge; to encourage v. to fasten; to link to; to add; to ascribe to; to connect to

Forms: assured; assured; assuring Forms: attached; attached; attaching
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
attain
attachment246.
245.
attachment attain
n. connection; confiscation; file sent via email v. to reach; to achieve; to fulfill; to realize (a goal,
purpose, etc.)

Forms: plural: attachments Forms: attained; attained; attaining
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
attempt
attainment248.
247.
attainment attempt
n. achievement; fulfillment; ability n. try; assay; test; trial

Forms: plural: attainments Forms: plural: attempts
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
attend
attempt250.
249.
attempt attend
v. to try to; to assay v. to be present in a place; to care for; to serve; to
accompany

Forms: attempted; attempted; attempting Forms: attended; attended; attending
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
attendant
attendance252.
251.
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A 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words



attendance attendant
n. being physically present; act of accompanying or n. steward; stewardess; person who serves others;
serving person who accompanies others

Forms: no plural Forms: plural: attendants
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
attendee
attendant254.
253.
attendant attendee
adj. present; opposite of absent; accompanying n. person who takes part in a particular event such as a
conference or seminar; participant

Forms: plural: attendees
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
attentive
attention256.
255.
attention attentive
n. concentration; consideration; focus; care; adj. concentrated; focused; observant; polite; caring
acknowledgment; recognition

Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
attire
attentiveness258.
257.
attentiveness attire
n. concentration; ability to concentrate on an issue n. dress; clothing; apparel

Forms: no plural Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
attitude
attire260.
259.
attire attitude
v. to dress; to put on clothes n. position; opinion; viewpoint; outlook; perspective

Forms: attired; attired; attiring Forms: plural: attitudes
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
attorney
attn.262.
261.
attn. attorney
abbr. directed to a particular person (generally used n. lawyer; barrister; advocate; solicitor
when addressing a letter or message) or issue

Forms: attention Forms: plural: attorneys
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
attribute
attract264.
263.
attract attribute
v. to draw attention; to captivate; to fascinate n. quality; factor; characteristic; feature

Forms: attracted; attracted; attracting Forms: plural: attributes
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
auction
attribute266.
265.
attribute auction
v. to ascribe to; to link to; to associate with; to relate to n. public sale where goods are sold to the highest bidder
(such as eBay)

Forms: attributed; attributed; attributing Forms: plural: auctions
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
audience
auction268.
267.
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A 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words



auction audience
v. to sell something through a bidding system n. group of people who attend a seminar, a talk, etc.

Forms: auctioned; auctioned; auctioning Forms: plural: audience
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
audit
audio270.
269.
audio audit
adj. pertaining to hearing and listening; sound n. examination of financial accounts; internal investigation

Forms: plural: audits
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
auditorium
audit272.
271.
audit auditorium
v. to examine accounts and other financial records n. large room used for lectures; talks, performances and
other events

Forms: audited; audited; auditing Forms: plural: auditoriums
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
authority
augment274.
273.
augment authority
v. to increase; to enlarge; to enhance; to multiply n. official institution; agency; power; control; jurisdiction

Forms: augmented; augmented; augmenting Forms: plural: authorities
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
autograph
authorize276.
275.
authorize autograph
v. to permit; to approve; to empower v. to write one's name by hand; to sign one's name

Forms: authorized; authorized; authorizing Forms: autographed; autographed; autographing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
automobile
autograph278.
277.
autograph automobile
n. a person's handwritten signature n. car; vehicle; ride

Forms: plural: autographs Forms: plural: automobiles
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
avail
avail280.
279.
avail avail
v. to be useful; to help; to facilitate n. advantage; profit; help; benefit

Forms: availed; availed; availing Forms: plural: avails
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
float
availability
availability282.
281.
availability availability float
n. accessibility; attainability; obtainability n. the time or amount of money that defined by checks
that have been deposited but not cleared yet

Forms: no plural Forms: plural: availability floats
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
average
available284.
283.
available average
adj. ready for use; attainable; present; vail adj. immediate; common; usual; standard
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
average
average286.
285.
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average average
n. mean; median v. to have a mean of a certain amount

Forms: plural: averages Forms: averaged; averaged; averaging
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
award
avoid288.
287.
avoid award
v. to escape; to keep away from; to prevent; to keep from n. prize; grant; arbitration
happening; to evade

Forms: avoided; avoided; avoiding Forms: plural: awards
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
aware
award290.
289.
award aware
v. to give; to grant; to judge; to rule adj. attentive; conscious of

Forms: awarded; awarded; awarding
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
awesome
awareness292.
291.
awareness awesome
n. consciousness adj. impressive; inspiring; great; frightening

Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––




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B 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words
back
back2.
B1.
back back
n. part of a chair; rear part of the human body v. to support; to assist; to strengthen

Forms: plural: backs Forms: backed; backed; backing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
back
back4.
3.
back back
adj. behind; after; rear; hind adv. to the rear; to the past
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
order
back
door6.
back
5.
back door back order
n. the U.S. treasury n. ordered merchandise that is not currently in stock but
will be supplied in the future

Forms: no plural Forms: plural: back orders
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
background
up8.
back
7.
back up background
v. to support; to solidify; to strengthen n. setting; biography

Forms: backed up; backed up; backing up Forms: plural: backgrounds
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
backup
backlash10.
9.
backlash backup
n. rebound; recoiling; sudden movement to the rear n. copying of data for safety purposes; substitute;
reserve; spare

Forms: plural: backlashes Forms: plural: backups
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
baggage
badge12.
11.
badge baggage
n. tag; sign; identification tag n. luggage; cargo; things to take on a trip; equipment

Forms: plural: badges Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
balance
balance14.
13.
balance balance
v. to make equal n. leveling; harmony; stability; rest; remainder

Forms: balanced; balanced; balancing Forms: plural: balances
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
bank
bank16.
15.
bank bank
v. to deposit money; in a money institution; to count on; to n. institution for saving and borrowing money; cashier
depend upon

Forms: banked; banked; banking Forms: plural: banks
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
banknote
draft18.
bank
17.
bank draft banknote
n. check n. bill; money made of paper

Forms: plural: bank drafts Forms: plural: banknotes
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
bankrupt
bankrupt20.
19.
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bankrupt bankrupt
adj. lacking; deficient; insolvent; unable to pay debts n. a person who was unable to repay their debts

Forms: plural: bankrupts
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
bankruptcy
bankrupt22.
21.
bankrupt bankruptcy
v. to ruin financially; to go bust; to go broke; to collapse n. state of losing property to one's creditor's due to
unpaid debts; insolvency

Forms: bankrupted; bankrupted; bankrupting Forms: plural: bankruptcies
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
banquet
banquet24.
23.
banquet banquet
n. celebration; feast; dinner; drinking v. to hold a party; to feast; to dine; to drink

Forms: plural: banquets Forms: banqueted; banqueted; banqueting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
barely
wire26.
barbed
25.
barbed wire barely
n. metal cord with sharp projecting points adv. hardly; scarcely

Forms: plural: barbed wires
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
bargain
bargain28.
27.
bargain bargain
n. good deal; agreement; item that has been bought at a v. to negotiate; to arrive at an agreement
specially low price

Forms: plural: bargains Forms: bargained; bargained; bargaining
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
capital
barren
barometer30.
29.
barometer barren capital
n. commercial and market information that indicates n. money which is not generating profit
overall economic trends

Forms: plural: barometers Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
barter
barrier32.
31.
barrier barter
n. border; limit; obstacle; barricade n. exchanging of goods and services; trade

Forms: plural: barriers Forms: plural: barters
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
base
barter34.
33.
barter base
v. to exchange goods and services v. to establish; to found; to set up; to place on

Forms: bartered; bartered; bartering Forms: based; based; basing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
base
base36.
35.
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B 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words



base base
adj. low; despicable; ignoble n. foundation; principal element; fundamental part

Forms: plural: bases
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
bearer
basis38.
37.
basis bearer
n. foundation; grounding n. person who holds a money order

Forms: no plural Forms: plural: bearers
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
become
instrument40.
bearer
39.
bearer instrument become
n. a signed money order which is payable on demand to v. to turn into; to develop into; to grow into
the holder

Forms: plural: bearer instruments Forms: became; become; becoming
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
behalf
becoming42.
41.
becoming behalf
adj. appropriate; noble n. representing; in support of

Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
behind
behavio(u)r44.
43.
behavio(u)r behind
n. manner of acting; conduct n. rear; end; seat

Forms: plural: behavio(u)rs Forms: plural: behinds
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
behind
behind46.
45.
behind behind
adv. late; tardy prep. after; in back of
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
belief
book48.
beige
47.
beige book belief
n. report on current economic conditions, published by n. opinion; creed; religion; faith; conviction
the Federal Reserve Board

Forms: plural: beige books Forms: plural: beliefs
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
below
believe50.
49.
believe below
v. to have faith in; to assume; to suppose prep. under; beneath; underneath

Forms: believed; believed; believing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
benchmark
below52.
51.
below benchmark
adv. at a further point n. criterion; measure; point of reference for comparison

Forms: plural: benchmarks
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
beneath
beneath54.
53.
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B 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words



beneath beneath
prep. under; underneath adv. under; below
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
beneficial
beneficent56.
55.
beneficent beneficial
adj. kind; good adj. advantageous; pleasurable; enjoyable
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
benefit
benefit58.
57.
benefit benefit
v. to profit; to gain; to be advantageous n. advantage; profit; aid; stipend

Forms: benefited; benefited; benefiting Forms: plural: benefits
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
between
between60.
59.
between between
prep. intermediate to; common; shared adv. amid; in the middle
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
beyond
beverage62.
61.
beverage beyond
n. drink; refreshment prep. further; more distant

Forms: plural: beverages
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
bias
beyond64.
63.
beyond bias
adv. past; further than v. to prejudice; to influence opinions

Forms: biased; biased; biasing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
bill
bias66.
65.
bias bill
n. prejudice; tendency; leaning v. to charge; to announce; to advertise

Forms: plural: biases Forms: billed; billed; billing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
rate
birth
bill68.
67.
bill birth rate
n. banknote; invoice; proposed law n. number of babies that are born per year per thousand

Forms: plural: bills Forms: plural: birth rates
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
blame
blame70.
69.
blame blame
v. to accuse; to denounce n. guilt; responsibility; liability

Forms: blamed; blamed; blaming Forms: plural: blames
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
blanket
blanket72.
71.
blanket blanket
v. to cover; to coat adj. comprehensive; inclusive

Forms: blanketed; blanketed; blanketing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
laws
sky
blue
blanket74.
73.
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blanket blue sky laws
n. bed covering; quilt n. rules introduced by the government to regulate the
trade of securities and mutual funds

Forms: plural: blankets Forms: only plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
blunder
blunder76.
75.
blunder blunder
n. gross error; stupid mistake v. to make a stupid mistake; to move back and forth in a
clumsy manner

Forms: plural: blunders Forms: blundered; blundered; blundering
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
board
board78.
77.
board board
n. management committee; food v. to accommodate; to house; to enter (a plane, ship, bus,
etc.)

Forms: plural: boards Forms: boarded; boarded; boarding
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
bond
room80.
boiler
79.
boiler room bond
n. a fraud scheme involving cold calling v. to store in a warehouse

Forms: plural: boiler rooms Forms: bonded; bonded; bonding
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
bonded
bond82.
81.
bond bonded
n. link; connection; obligation; grasp; certificate of debt adj. secured in a warehouse

Forms: plural: bonds
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
book
bonus84.
83.
bonus book
n. dividend; perk; monetary gift v. to record; to order in advance; to inscribe; to indicate

Forms: plural: bonuses Forms: booked; booked; booking
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
bookcase
book86.
85.
book bookcase
n. printed work which is bound together; bundle n. shelves used to store printed items

Forms: plural: books Forms: plural: bookcases
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
boost
boost88.
87.
boost boost
v. to raise; to push; to urge; to lift n. push; lift; incentive; encouragement

Forms: boosted; boosted; boosting Forms: plural: boosts
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
border
border90.
89.
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border border
v. to be adjacent to n. boundary; edge; limit

Forms: bordered; bordered; bordering Forms: plural: borders
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
bother
borrow92.
91.
borrow bother
v. to take on loan; to copy; to steal v. to annoy; to harass; to worry; to make an effort; to be
concerned

Forms: borrowed; borrowed; borrowing Forms: bothered; bothered; bothering
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
bothersome
bother94.
93.
bother bothersome
n. effort; nuisance adj. annoying; irritating

Forms: plural: bothers
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
bottom
bottom96.
95.
bottom bottom
n. base; foot; seat of a chair v. to establish; to construct; to base; to provide a
foundation

Forms: plural: bottoms Forms: bottomed; bottomed; bottoming
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
bound
bottom98.
97.
bottom bound
adj. lower; under n. limit; border

Forms: plural: bounds
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
bound
bound100.
99.
bound bound
v. to jump; to leap adj. obligated; certain; fastened; tied

Forms: bounded; bounded; bounding
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
box
box102.
101.
box box
v. to fight with fists; to put crates n. case; crate; punch; hit

Forms: boxed; boxed; boxing Forms: plural: boxes
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
brake
brake104.
103.
brake brake
v. to stop a vehicle; to slow down a vehicle n. device which is used to slow or stop a vehicle

Forms: braked; braked; braking Forms: plural: brakes
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
branch
branch106.
105.
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branch branch
v. to fork; to divide into parts or sections n. affiliate; office; industry; trade; business unit

Forms: branched; branched; branching Forms: plural: branches
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
brand
brand108.
107.
brand brand
v. to mark with an iron; to disgrace; to condemn n. trademark; type; make; variety; product name

Forms: branded; branded; branding Forms: plural: brands
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
break
breadth110.
109.
breadth break
n. width; broadness v. to shatter; to crack; to be cut off; to cancel

Forms: plural: breaths Forms: broke; broken; breaking
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
down
break
break112.
111.
break break down
n. fracture; pause; rest; opportunity; alteration v. to fail; to collapse; to defeat; to overthrow; to descend

Forms: plural: breaks Forms: broke down; broken down; breaking down
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
breakthrough
breakdown114.
113.
breakdown breakthrough
n. collapse; crash; incident n. progress; reaching a new level; removal of a barrier;
penetration

Forms: plural: break downs Forms: plural: breakthroughs
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
brief
brief116.
115.
brief brief
n. abstract; summary; concise report; instructions v. to make a summary; to give a report; to inform; to
instruct somebody

Forms: plural: briefs Forms: briefed; briefed; briefing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
briefcase
brief118.
117.
brief briefcase
adj. short; concise n. small container for documents; tool for synchronizing
files between two computers

Forms: plural: briefcases
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
broadcast
briefing120.
119.
briefing broadcast
n. short meeting; summarizing; giving and receiving v. to transmit over the radio; to publicize; to advertise
instructions; reporting

Forms: plural: briefings Forms: broadcast; broadcast; broadcasting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
brochure
broadcast122.
121.
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broadcast brochure
n. transmission; dispatch; radio program n. leaflet; booklet; printed product information

Forms: plural: broadcasts Forms: plural: brochures
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
broker
broker124.
123.
broker broker
v. to act as a middleman; to buy and to sell property for n. middleman; agent who buys and sells property or
other people shares etc. for other people

Forms: brokered; brokered; brokering Forms: plural: brokers
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
browse
brokered126.
125.
brokered browse
adj. negotiated by an intermediary; settled through a v. to leaf through a book; to surf Internet websites
middleman

Forms: browsed; browsed; browsing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
bubble
browser128.
127.
browser bubble
n. program used for viewing websites on the Internet n. blister; gas-filled sac

Forms: plural: browsers Forms: plural: bubbles
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
budget
budge130.
129.
budge budget
v. to move; to be moved n. financial framework; financial plan

Forms: budged; budged; budging Forms: plural: budgets
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
budget
budget132.
131.
budget budget
v. to prepare a financial plan; to make financial adj. inexpensive; cheap; of or relating to a financial plan
arrangements

Forms: budgeted; budgeted; budgeting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
building
build134.
133.
build building
v. to construct; to create; to increase intensity; to n. house; dwelling; structure; premises
energize

Forms: built; built; building Forms: plural: buildings
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
bulk
bulk136.
135.
bulk bulk
n. volume; mass; main part; most v. to inflate; to play an important role

Forms: plural: bulks Forms: bulked; bulked; bulking
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
transfer
bulk
bulk138.
137.
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bulk bulk transfer
adj. relating to or designed for the mass of people; large- n. the sale of all or most of a company's inventory or
scale; widespread; popular assets to another company

Forms: plural: bulk transfers
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
buoyant
bullion140.
139.
bullion buoyant
n. bars of gold; bars of silver adj. floating; light; lively; cheerful

Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
butcher
business142.
141.
business butcher
n. company; enterprise; trade; commerce; issue n. meat cutter; meat slaughterer; owner of a meat shop

Forms: plural: businesses Forms: plural: butchers
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
button
button144.
143.
button button
v. to fasten; to connect n. switch; icon to click on

Forms: buttoned; buttoned; buttoning Forms: plural: buttons
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
buyer
145.
buyer
n. person who purchases something; client; customer;
shopper; purchaser

Forms: plural: buyers
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––




27 PHOTOCOPIABLE © www.english-test.net
C 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words
C.C.O.
C.C.2.
C1.
C.C. C.C.O.
abbr. secondary email address; copy of a document, abbr. person who is responsible for ensuring that a
message, or email that is sent to a third party company and its employees are in compliance with
government regulations and internal policies

Forms: carbon copy (cc, CC) Forms: Chief Compliance Officer (CCO)
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
C.F.O.
C.E.O.4.
3.
C.E.O. C.F.O.
abbr. head manager of a corporation, company or large abbr. treasurer; person who is responsible for all financial
organization aspects of a company

Forms: Chief Executive Officer (CEO) Forms: Chief Financial Officer (CFO)
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
C.O.D.
C.I.O.6.
5.
C.I.O. C.O.D.
abbr. Chief Information Officer; person who is responsible abbr. cash payment to be made upon receipt of products
for a company's internal information systems or goods

Forms: Chief Information Officer (CIO) Forms: cash on delivery (COD, c.o.d.)
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
C.S.O.
C.O.O.8.
7.
C.O.O. C.S.O.
abbr. head manager of a company or large organization abbr. top executive rank; person who is responsible for
the security of a company's communications and
business systems

Forms: Chief Operating Officer (COO) Forms: Chief Security Officer (CSO)
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
C.V.
C.T.O.10.
9.
C.T.O. C.V.
abbr. top executive rank; person who is responsible for abbr. resume; chronological description of one's
research and development and possibly for new product employment and educational history; biography
plans

Forms: Chief Technology Officer (CTO) Forms: Curriculum Vitae (CV)
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
cabinet
cab12.
11.
cab cabinet
n. taxi; carriage; driver's compartment n. small room; piece of office furniture; office; part of a
government

Forms: plural: cabs Forms: plural: cabinets
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
calculator
calculate14.
13.
calculate calculator
v. to estimate; to compute; to depend upon n. small machine that makes computations

Forms: calculated; calculated; calculating Forms: plural: calculators
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
calendar
calendar16.
15.
28 PHOTOCOPIABLE © www.english-test.net
C 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words



calendar calendar
v. to write down in a timetable; to register n. chart showing the months of a year (including days
and weeks); schedule; timetable

Forms: calendared; calendared; calendaring Forms: plural: calendars
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
call
call18.
17.
call call
v. to invite; to speak loudly; to visit; to phone n. telephone conversation; visit; invitation; claim; need

Forms: called; called; calling Forms: plural: calls
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
campaign
campaign20.
19.
campaign campaign
v. to conduct a series of activities organized to n. series of activities organized to accomplish a goal
accomplish a goal

Forms: campaigned; campaigned; campaigning Forms: plural: campaigns
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
cancellation
cancel22.
21.
cancel cancellation
v. to call off; to annul; to terminate; to stop n. nullification; termination; revocation

Forms: canceled; canceled; canceling Forms: plural: cancellations
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
candidate
candid24.
23.
candid candidate
adj. honest; straightforward; open; frank n. applicant; nominee; examinee

Forms: plural: candidates
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
canvass
canvass26.
25.
canvass canvass
v. to examine; to debate; to scrutinize; to solicit votes or n. examination; careful inspection; debate
opinions

Forms: canvassed, canvassed; canvassing Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
capable
capability28.
27.
capability capable
n. ability; skill; trait; characteristic; quality adj. skilled; able; proficient; adept

Forms: plural: capabilities
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
capex
capacity30.
29.
capacity capex
n. volume which can be contained or received; function; n. refers to the cost of developing a product or system
role; feature; potential

Forms: plural: capacities Forms: CAPital EXpenditures
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
capital
capital32.
31.
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C 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words



capital capital
n. property; financial means; assets; main city of a adj. main; major; chief; principal
country of region

Forms: plural: capitals
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
capitalization
requirement34.
capital
33.
capital requirement capitalization
n. the level of monetary funding a company needs to run n. process of turning money into profit
smoothly

Forms: plural: capital requirements Forms: plural: capitalizations
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
capture
capitalize36.
35.
capitalize capture
v. to turn into money; to turn profit; to finance v. to copy; to photograph; to snapshot

Forms: capitalized; capitalized; capitalizing Forms: captured; captured; capturing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
card
car38.
37.
car card
n. automobile; elevator; vehicle; ride v. to ask for an identification (i.e. in a bar)

Forms: plural: cars Forms: carded; carded; carding
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
care
card40.
39.
card care
n. thin and flat object v. to be concerned with; to look out for; to watch over; to
like; to be fond of

Forms: plural: cards Forms: cared; cared; caring
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
career
care42.
41.
care career
n. attention; concern; caution; supervision; management v. to evolve; to make to progress; to grow professionally;
to develop; to speed

Forms: no plural Forms: careered; careered; careering
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
careful
career44.
43.
career careful
n. profession; development; progress; gradual growth adj. cautious; particular; concentrated; meticulous

Forms: plural: careers
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
carpenter
cargo46.
45.
cargo carpenter
n. freight; luggage; baggage; load n. a person who makes things out of wood such as
furniture

Forms: plural: cargos Forms: plural: carpenters
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
carpet
carpet48.
47.
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C 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words



carpet carpet
v. to cover or to furnish with textile materials; to n. rug; fabric floor covering
reprimand; to scold

Forms: carpeted; carpeted; carpeting Forms: plural: carpets
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
carrier
carriage50.
49.
carriage carrier
n. coach; buggy; transportation n. person or company that ships things; shipping
company; truck

Forms: plural: carriages Forms: plural: carriers
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
out
carry
carry52.
51.
carry carry out
v. to transport; to continue; to bear v. to put into practice; to accomplish; to perform; to
conduct

Forms: carried; carried; carrying Forms: carried out; carried out; carrying out
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
cart
cart54.
53.
cart cart
v. to drag or to carry by force n. car; wagon; coach; carriage; trolley

Forms: carted; carted; carting Forms: plural: carts
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
case
case56.
55.
case case
v. to pack; to crate; to box n. occasion; instance; situation; bag

Forms: cased; cased; casing Forms: plural: cases
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
cash
cash58.
57.
cash cash
v. to exchange a check (or another money order) for n. money in the form of coins and bank notes
coins and bank notes; to redeem

Forms: cashed; cashed; cashing Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
cast
reserves60.
cash
59.
cash reserves cast
n. bank deposits that are available on a short-term basis; n. throw; team of actors; squint (of the eye)
treasury bills

Forms: only plural Forms: plural: casts
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
catalog
cast62.
61.
cast catalog
v. to throw; to project; to form; to shape n. itemized list; index; directory

Forms: cast; cast; casting Forms: plural: catalogs
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
categorize
catalog64.
63.
31 PHOTOCOPIABLE © www.english-test.net
C 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words



catalog categorize
v. to make an itemized list; to index; to classify v. to arrange in groups; to classify; to sort; to structure

Forms: cataloged; cataloged; cataloging Forms: categorized; categorized; categorizing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
cater
category66.
65.
category cater
n. class; division; section; segment v. to provide; to supply (food, etc.); to care for

Forms: plural: categories Forms: catered; catered; catering
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
cause
catering68.
67.
catering cause
n. business of supplying and servicing food n. reason; purpose; principle; factor; basis for a legal
case

Forms: plural: caterings Forms: plural: causes
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
caution
cause70.
69.
cause caution
v. to make happen; to bring about n. notice; warning; caveat; carefulness; premonition

Forms: caused; caused; causing Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
cautious
caution72.
71.
caution cautious
v. to warn; to notify of danger adj. careful; wary; suspicious

Forms: cautioned; cautioned; cautioning
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
cement
caveat74.
73.
caveat cement
n. caution; warning; admonition; suspension of v. to reinforce; to bind together; to strengthen a
proceedings (law) connection

Forms: plural: caveats Forms: cemented; cemented; cementing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
central
cement76.
75.
cement central
n. concrete; mortar; bonding agent; filling (for teeth) adj. main; principal; major

Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
century
central78.
77.
central century
n. telephone exchange; operator; main bureau or office n. period of one hundred years

Forms: plural: centrals Forms: plural: centuries
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
certain
ceremony80.
79.
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C 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words



ceremony certain
n. rite; ritual; formality adj. sure; definite; particular; specific

Forms: plural: ceremonies
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
certificate
certainly82.
81.
certainly certificate
adv. of course; surely; doubtlessly; definitely; absolutely n. official document; license; reference; attestation

Forms: plural: certificates
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
certify
certificate84.
83.
certificate certify
v. to confirm; to license; to authorize v. to confirm to be true; to authorize

Forms: certificated; certificated; certificating Forms: certified; certified; certifying
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
chain
chain86.
85.
chain chain
n. group of stores, outlets, banks etc., under one v. to tie down
management

Forms: plural: chains Forms: chained; chained; chaining
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
challenge
challenge88.
87.
challenge challenge
n. difficult situation; something which tests one's ability to v. to dare; to invite to engage in a contest; to stimulate; to
handle difficult tasks test one's ability

Forms: plural: challenges Forms: challenged; challenged; challenging
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
change
change90.
89.
change change
n. replacement; alteration; shift; coins; money received v. to alter; to replace; to become different
back after paying for goods

Forms: plural: changes Forms: changed; changed; changing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
chapter
changeable92.
91.
changeable chapter
adj. arbitrary; fickle; flexible n. part of a book; phase; stage; local branch of an
organization

Forms: plural: chapters
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
characteristic
character94.
93.
character characteristic
n. nature; disposition; attitude; figure; person; statement n. trait; feature; ability; distinguishing quality; attribute
of qualities

Forms: plural: characters Forms: plural: characteristics
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
characterize
characteristic96.
95.
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C 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words



characteristic characterize
adj. typical; distinctive v. to describe; to depict; to portray; to outline

Forms: characterized; characterized; characterizing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
charge
charge98.
97.
charge charge
n. price; cargo; responsibility v. to entrust; to order; to command; to supply with power

Forms: plural: charges Forms: charged; charged; charging
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
chart
chart100.
99.
chart chart
n. graph; diagram v. to make a graph; to draw; to diagram

Forms: plural: charts Forms: charted; charted; charting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
cheap
cheap102.
101.
cheap cheap
adj. opposite of expensive; inexpensive adv. inexpensively
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
check
check104.
103.
check check
n. examination; money order; payment order; restaurant v. to examine; to investigate; to inspect; to scrutinize
bill

Forms: plural: checks Forms: checked; checked; checking
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
cheque
chef106.
105.
chef cheque
n. professional cook; head cook in a restaurant of hotel n. written order directing a bank to pay a specific amount
of money

Forms: plural: chefs Forms: plural: cheques
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
choice
choice108.
107.
choice choice
n. option; selection; variety adj. select; fine; excellent

Forms: plural: choices
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
chop
choose110.
109.
choose chop
v. to select; to prefer; to pick; to make a choice n. seal; trademark

Forms: chose; chose; chosen Forms: plural: chops
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
chore
chop112.
111.
chop chore
v. to cut; to cut down; to cut into pieces; to mince n. routine job; unpleasant task

Forms: chopped; chopped; chopping Forms: plural: chores
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
circle
circle114.
113.
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C 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words



circle circle
v. to surround n. ring-shaped geometric figure; round figure; group;
society

Forms: circled; circled; circling Forms: plural: circles
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
circumstance
circumspect116.
115.
circumspect circumstance
adj. careful; cautious v. to place in particular situations

Forms: circumstanced; circumstanced; circumstancing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
circumvent
circumstance118.
117.
circumstance circumvent
n. condition; influencing factor; situation v. to by-pass; to side-step; to evade

Forms: plural: circumstances Forms: circumvented; circumvented; circumventing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
citizen
citation120.
119.
citation citizen
n. quotation; official praise; summons to a court of law n. resident; native of a country

Forms: plural: citations Forms: plural: citizens
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
city
citizenship122.
121.
citizenship city
n. right to live in a country; condition of being a member n. town; large urban area
of a country

Forms: plural: citizenships Forms: plural: cities
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
claim
civic124.
123.
civic claim
adj. pertaining to a city; pertaining to citizenship n. lawsuit; request; right

Forms: plural: claims
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
classify
clarify126.
125.
clarify classify
v. to make clear; to explain v. to arrange systematically; to structure; to group; to sort;
to make confidential

Forms: clarified; clarified; clarifying Forms: classified; classified; classifying
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
clear
clause128.
127.
clause clear
n. paragraph; section in a document; part of a contract v. to clarify; to explain; to approve

Forms: plural: clauses Forms: cleared; cleared; clearing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
clear
clear130.
129.
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C 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words



clear clear
adj. pure; obvious; easy to understand; comprehensible n. deletion; act of unmarking; removal of a mark from a
check box (Computers)

Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
clearly
clearance132.
131.
clearance clearly
n. release; approval; washing adv. obviously; apparently; unmistakably

Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
clerk
clerk134.
133.
clerk clerk
v. to work as an employee (i.e. in the legal or bank n. minor office worker; book-keeper; bureaucrat
business)

Forms: clerked; clerked; clerking Forms: plural: clerks
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
climate
client136.
135.
client climate
n. customer; buyer; computer that serves as a terminal n. weather conditions; surrounding conditions;
atmosphere; setting

Forms: plural: clients Forms: plural: climates
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
climb
climb138.
137.
climb climb
v. to ascend; to up; to slope upward; to move upward n. ascent
gradually

Forms: climbed; climbed; climbing Forms: plural: climbs
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
clip
clip140.
139.
clip clip
v. to cut off; to curtail; to trim off n. clamp; fastener; shred; segment of video

Forms: clipped; clipped; clipping Forms: plural: clips
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
clock
clipping142.
141.
clipping clock
n. article cut from a newspaper v. to measure time; to register on a time piece

Forms: plural: clippings Forms: clocked; clocked; clocking
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
close
clock144.
143.
clock close
n. timepiece; device for telling time adv. nearby

Forms: plural: clocks
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
close
close146.
145.
36 PHOTOCOPIABLE © www.english-test.net
C 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words



close close
n. end; conclusion; plug v. to shut; to be shut; to finish; to complete

Forms: plural: closes Forms: closed; closed; closing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
clout
close148.
147.
close clout
adj. near; adjacent; careful n. pull; influence; power; weight

Forms: plural: clouts
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
coach
coach150.
149.
coach coach
v. to train; to teach; to instruct; to guide; to counsel n. trainer; tutor; teacher; bus

Forms: coached; coached; coaching Forms: plural: coaches
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
coalition
coal152.
151.
coal coalition
n. fuel made from carbon; cinder; ember n. alliance; union; agreement

Forms: plural: coals Forms: plural: coalitions
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
code
code154.
153.
code code
v. to cipher n. cipher; collection of instructions of the law

Forms: coded; coded; coding Forms: plural: codes
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
coherent
cognition156.
155.
cognition coherent
n. awareness; perception adj. sticking together; consistent

Forms: plural: cognitions
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
coin
cohesive158.
157.
cohesive coin
adj. sticking together; forming a unit or union; united; v. to mint; to invent a new word or phrase
related to each other

Forms: coined; coined; coining
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
coincidence
coin160.
159.
coin coincidence
n. metal money; piece of stamped metal currency (as n. chance occurrence; unforeseen event
opposed to paper bills)

Forms: plural: coins Forms: plural: coincidences
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
collaboration
collaborate162.
161.
37 PHOTOCOPIABLE © www.english-test.net
C 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words



collaborate collaboration
v. to work together; to cooperate n. working together; cooperation

Forms: collaborated; collaborated; collaborating Forms: plural: collaborations
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
collateral
collate164.
163.
collate collateral
v. to compare in a critical manner; to verify; to collect; to adj. of secondary importance; insignificant; corresponding
compile

Forms: collated; collated; collating
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
colleague
collateral166.
165.
collateral colleague
n. security deposit n. fellow worker; cowoker

Forms: plural: collaterals Forms: plural: colleagues
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
collect
collect168.
167.
collect collect
adj. having the receiver pay the charges (for a phone call) v. to gather; to garner; to assemble; to accumulate; to
take payments

Forms: collected; collected; collecting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
collectible
collectible170.
169.
collectible collectible
adj. payable; subject to or requiring payment especially n. rare object
as specified

Forms: plural: collectibles
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
college
collection172.
171.
collection college
n. selection; choice; assortment; accumulation n. institution of higher education that grants degrees; type
of school; council

Forms: plural: collections Forms: plural: colleges
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
colloquial
collide174.
173.
collide colloquial
v. to crash; to meet head on; to come together with solid adj. conversational; not used in formal speaking or
or direct impact writing; informal

Forms: collided; collided; colliding
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
combine
combination176.
175.
combination combine
n. joining; union; an ordered sequence v. to unite; to join; to come together; to become one

Forms: plural: combinations Forms: combined; combined; combining
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
across
come
combine178.
177.
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C 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words



combine come across
n. harvesting machine v. to happen upon; to find by chance; to discover; to see

Forms: plural: combines Forms: came across; come across; coming across
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
comfort
along180.
come
179.
come along comfort
v. to accompany someone; to appear; to advance; to v. to bring relief; to encourage; to console
succeed

Forms: came along; come along; coming along Forms: comforted; comforted; comforting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
comfortable
comfort182.
181.
comfort comfortable
n. relief; consolation; coziness adj. easy; relaxing; cosy; financially well to do

Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
command
comforting184.
183.
comforting command
adj. consoling; encouraging; reassuring; brining relief; v. to rule; to control; to be in charge; to be in authority
heartening

Forms: commanded; commanded; commanding
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
comment
command186.
185.
command comment
n. order; direction; control; domination; headquarters v. to make a remark; to explain; to write an explanatory
note

Forms: plural: commands Forms: commented; commented; commenting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
commentary
comment188.
187.
comment commentary
n. remark; note; statement; explanation n. series of remarks; explanation (often written in essay
or book form)

Forms: plural: comments Forms: plural: commentaries
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
commercial
commerce190.
189.
commerce commercial
n. trade; business; transactions; exchange of adj. pertaining to business; pertaining to buying and
products/services and money selling

Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
commission
commercial192.
191.
commercial commission
n. television or radio advertisement v. to contract; to empower; to authorize; to confer

Forms: plural: commercials Forms: commissioned; commissioned; commissioning
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
commit
commission194.
193.
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C 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words



commission commit
n. percentage of profits earned by a salesperson v. to perform; to do; to engage

Forms: plural: commissions Forms: committed; committed; committing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
committed
commitment196.
195.
commitment committed
n. obligation; promise adj. obligated; engaged; industrious; ambitious; loyal

Forms: plural: commitments
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
common
commodity198.
197.
commodity common
n. merchandise; goods; item that is bought and sold; adj. shared; ordinary; mediocre; average; public
something useful

Forms: plural: commodities
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
communication
common200.
199.
common communication
n. open public area in a city or town; park; square n. exchange of information or ideas; transfer; passing
along; letter; message

Forms: plural: commons Forms: plural: communications
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
commuter
commute202.
201.
commute commuter
v. to exchange; to replace; to convert; to travel back and n. person who travels back and forth between home and
forth regularly (i.e. to work) work

Forms: commuted; commuted; commuting Forms: plural: commuters
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
comparatively
company204.
203.
company comparatively
n. corporation; firm; ensemble; association with another adv. relatively

Forms: plural: companies
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
compare
compare206.
205.
compare compare
v. to show how (people or things) are alike or different; to n. contrast
consider to be similar

Forms: compared; compared; comparing Forms: plural: compares
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
compartmentalize
comparison208.
207.
comparison compartmentalize
n. pointing out of similarities and differences; similarity; v. to separate into sections; to partition
likeness

Forms: plural: comparisons Forms: compartmentalized; compartmentalized;
compartmentalizing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
compatible
compatible210.
209.
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C 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words



compatible compatible
adj. congruous n. piece of equipment which can be used with other
machines without alternation

Forms: plural: compatibles
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
compensate
compel212.
211.
compel compensate
v. to force; to coerce; to influence; to impose; to demand v. to reward; to reimburse; to pay back; to make up for

Forms: compelled; compelled; compelling Forms: compensated; compensated; compensating
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
compete
compensation214.
213.
compensation compete
n. repayment; something done to make up for (a loss, v. to contest; to contend against another; to participate in
deficiency or fault) a contest

Forms: plural: compensations Forms: competed; competed; competing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
competition
competent216.
215.
competent competition
adj. adept; capable; suitably skilled; well qualified; n. rivalry; contest; act of competing against another
experienced

Forms: plural: competitions
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
competitor
competitive218.
217.
competitive competitor
adj. involving rivalry; tending to contest n. rival; (i.e. Coca Cola and Pepsi); person who
participates in a contest

Forms: plural: competitors
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
complain
complacent220.
219.
complacent complain
adj. content; self-satisfied; comfortable; smug v. to find fault; to express displeasure; to protest

Forms: complained; complained; complaining
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
complete
complaint222.
221.
complaint complete
n. finding fault; act of expressing displeasure; pleading adj. whole; perfect; finished
entered by a plaintiff (Law)

Forms: plural: complaints
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
completion
complete224.
223.
complete completion
v. to make whole; to finish; to perfect n. finishing; finalizing

Forms: completed; completed; completing Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
compliant
complex226.
225.
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complex compliant
n. compound; various objects that for m a unit adj. obedient; submissive; obliging; yielding; acquiescent

Forms: plural: complexes
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
complicated
complicate228.
227.
complicate complicated
v. to confuse; to make hard to understand; to make adj. confusing; hard to understand; difficult; complex
difficult; to make complex

Forms: complicated; complicated; complicating
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
comply
compliment230.
229.
compliment comply
n. expression of admiration; word of praise for someone v. to submit; to consent; to obey; to agree with

Forms: plural: compliments Forms: complied; complied; complying
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
compose
component232.
231.
component compose
n. ingredient; single piece which forms part of a larger v. to create; to write; to relax; to calm oneself; to settle
unit; part; constituent; element

Forms: plural: components Forms: composed; composed; composing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
composure
composition234.
233.
composition composure
n. make-up; constitution; essay n. serenity; self-control; calmness; coolness

Forms: plural: compositions Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
comprehensive
comprehend236.
235.
comprehend comprehensive
v. to understand; to contain; to grasp; to absorb; to adj. including a lot; large in scope; extensive
perceive

Forms: comprehended; comprehended; comprehending
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
compromise
comprise238.
237.
comprise compromise
v. to include; to contain; to consist v. to establish an agreement; to settle a dispute

Forms: comprised; comprised; comprising Forms: compromised; compromised; compromising
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
compute
compromise240.
239.
compromise compute
n. agreement; settling of a disagreement by making v. to calculate; to figure; to estimate
mutual concessions

Forms: plural: compromises Forms: computed; computed; computing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
conceive
conceal242.
241.
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conceal conceive
v. to hide; to keep secret; to cover up v. to understand; to comprehend; to grasp

Forms: concealed; concealed; concealing Forms: conceived; conceived; conceiving
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
concept
concentrate244.
243.
concentrate concept
v. to focus; to pay attention n. plan; idea; thought; structure; system

Forms: concentrated; concentrated; concentrating Forms: plural: concepts
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
concern
conceptualize246.
245.
conceptualize concern
v. to plan; to design; to imagine; to conceive; to envision v. to involve; to affect; to worry; to interest; to relate to

Forms: conceptualized; conceptualized; conceptualizing Forms: concerned; concerned; concerning
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
concerning
concern248.
247.
concern concerning
n. worry; issue; problem; group of companies; large prep. about
corporation

Forms: plural: concerns
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
conclusion
conclude250.
249.
conclude conclusion
v. to finish; to infer; to deduce; to make a decision n. end; deduction; cognition; final decision

Forms: concluded; concluded; concluding Forms: plural: conclusions
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
concrete
concoct252.
251.
concoct concrete
v. to invent; to create; to contrive; to think up adj. tangible; real; substantial; solid

Forms: concocted; concocted; concocting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
concrete
concrete254.
253.
concrete concrete
n. cement; something tangible (idea, object, etc.) v. to solidify

Forms: no plural Forms: concreted; concreted; concreting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
condition
concur256.
255.
concur condition
v. to agree; to harmonize; to coincide; to collaborate; to n. situation; requirement; circumstance; stipulation
consent

Forms: concurred; concurred; concurring Forms: plural: conditions
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
conduct
condition258.
257.
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condition conduct
v. to train; to accustom; to adapt; to stipulate; to prepare n. behavior; management

Forms: conditioned; conditioned; conditioning Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
conference
conduct260.
259.
conduct conference
v. to behave; to manage; to carry out; to transmit n. meeting; seminar; convention

Forms: conducted; conducted; conducting Forms: plural: conferences
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
confident
confidence262.
261.
confidence confident
n. trust; certainty; faith in oneself; secret adj. certain; sure of oneself; composed

Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
confirm
confidential264.
263.
confidential confirm
adj. classified; secret; strictly private v. to approve; to verify; to ascertain

Forms: confirmed; confirmed; confirming
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
confuse
confirmation266.
265.
confirmation confuse
n. formal approval; proof; verification; religious ceremony v. to embarrass; to mix up; to muddle up; to bewilder; to
startle

Forms: plural: confirmations Forms: confused; confused; confusing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
congruent
confusion268.
267.
confusion congruent
n. disorder; embarrassment; bewilderment adj. identical; corresponding; in agreement; harmonious

Forms: plural: confusions
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
conjure
conjunction270.
269.
conjunction conjure
n. connection; link; uniting; joining v. to appeal; to summon; to invoke; to implore

Forms: plural: conjunctions Forms: conjured; conjured; conjuring
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
conscientious
connote272.
271.
connote conscientious
v. to imply; to suggest; to hint adj. careful; wanting to do what is right

Forms: connoted; connoted; connoting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
conscious
conscientiously274.
273.
conscientiously conscious
adv. dutifully; with care; thoroughly adj. aware; awake; attentive
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
consciousness
consciously276.
275.
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consciously consciousness
adv. knowingly; with awareness n. awareness; cognition; ability to perceive

Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
consequently
consecutive278.
277.
consecutive consequently
adj. sequential; following one after another adv. as a result; therefore
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
conservative
conservative280.
279.
conservative conservative
adj. resisting change; desiring to preserve traditions; n. person who is resistant to change; person who favors
cautious traditional political parties

Forms: plural: conservatives
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
conserve
conserve282.
281.
conserve conserve
v. to protect; to guard from harm n. marmalade; jam

Forms: conserved; conserved; conserving Forms: plural: conserves
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
consideration
consider284.
283.
consider consideration
v. to think over; to believe; to regard; to take into account n. payment; thoughtfulness; respectfulness; careful
attention

Forms: considered; considered; considering Forms: plural: considerations
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
consignment
considering286.
285.
considering consignment
prep. taking into account; in light of n. delivery; dispatch; conveyance

Forms: plural: consignments
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
consistency
consist288.
287.
consist consistency
v. to be composed of; to be made up of n. material coherence; firmness; persistence;
steadfastness

Forms: consisted; consisted; consisting Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
consistently
consistent290.
289.
consistent consistently
adj. coherent; steadfast; firm adv. regularly; persistently; steadily; stably
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
constant
consortium292.
291.
consortium constant
n. partnership; association n. number with a fixed value; factor

Forms: plural: consortiums Forms: plural: constants
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
constrain
constant294.
293.
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constant constrain
adj. firm; faithful; persistent; unbending; adamant v. to compel; to reinforce; to oblige; to coerce

Forms: constrained; constrained; constraining
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
construction
constraint296.
295.
constraint construction
n. restriction; force; limitation; limit n. building; structure; the industry of erecting buildings

Forms: plural: constraints Forms: plural: constructions
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
consultancy
construe298.
297.
construe consultancy
v. to interpret; to see; to perceive n. the practice of giving expert advice within a particular
field

Forms: construed; construed; construing Forms: plural: consultancies
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
consume
consultant300.
299.
consultant consume
n. advisor (adviser); counselor; coach; person who gives v. to eat or drink; to use up; to destroy
professional advice

Forms: plural: consultants Forms: consumed; consumed; consuming
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
consumption
consumer302.
301.
consumer consumption
n. buyer; client n. using up

Forms: plural: consumers Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
contact
contact304.
303.
contact contact
v. to establish communication; to make a connection; to n. link; connection; touch; interface
link to; to connect with

Forms: contacted; contacted; contacting Forms: plural: contacts
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
contemporary
contain306.
305.
contain contemporary
v. to include; to hold back; to restrain; to keep under adj. modern; current
control

Forms: contained; contained; containing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
content
contemporary308.
307.
contemporary content
n. person living at about the same time as another person adj. satisfied; pleased

Forms: plural: contemporaries
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
content
content310.
309.
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content content
n. substance; component; all that is inside of something v. to satisfy; to please; to meet a request

Forms: plural: contents Forms: contented; contented; contenting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
contest
contest312.
311.
contest contest
v. to fight for; to challenge; to appeal n. competition

Forms: contested; contested; contesting Forms: plural: contests
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
continue
context314.
313.
context continue
n. connection; overall situation; background v. to go on; to keep doing something; to last; to
perpetuate

Forms: plural: contexts Forms: continued; continued; continuing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
continuous
continuity316.
315.
continuity continuous
n. stability; consistency; continuousness; unbroken adj. successive; uninterrupted; permanent
succession

Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
contract
contract318.
317.
contract contract
v. to create a formal agreement; to bind legally; to obtain n. agreement; pact; deal

Forms: contracted; contracted; contracting Forms: plural: contracts
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
contrary
contractor320.
319.
contractor contrary
n. person or company that does a particular job or adv. in opposition; against; counter
assignment

Forms: plural: contractors
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
contrary
contrary322.
321.
contrary contrary
n. something which is opposite adj. opposed

Forms: plural: contraries
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
control
contrive324.
323.
contrive control
v. to devise; to invent; to dream up; to design (often in a n. rule; command; supervision; restraint
negative way)

Forms: contrived; contrived; contriving Forms: plural: controls
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
convenience
controlling326.
325.
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controlling convenience
adj. ruling; supervising; regulating; managing; restraining n. comfort; fitness or suitability for performing an action

Forms: plural: conveniences
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
convention
convenient328.
327.
convenient convention
adj. comfortable; useful; serviceable n. conference; routine; custom; treaty

Forms: plural: conventions
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
converge
conventional330.
329.
conventional converge
adj. customary; routine; formal v. to meet; to assemble to gather; to get together

Forms: converged; converged; converging
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
conversation
conversant332.
331.
conversant conversation
adj. well-versed; proficient; skilled n. talk; dialog; discussion; verbal exchange

Forms: plural: conversations
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
conveyance
convey334.
333.
convey conveyance
v. to carry; to impart or to communicate by statement, n. the act of transferring a property title from one person
suggestion, gesture or appearance to another

Forms: conveyed; conveyed; conveying Forms: plural: conveyances
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
convince
conviction336.
335.
conviction convince
n. acknowledgment; strong persuasion or belief; v. to persuade; to influence; to prove
condemnation

Forms: plural: convictions Forms: convinced; convinced; convincing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
cook
cook338.
337.
cook cook
v. to prepare food by heating; to falsify account records n. a person who prepares food

Forms: cooked; cooked; cooking Forms: plural: cooks
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
coordinate
cooperation340.
339.
cooperation coordinate
n. collaboration; working together adj. equal; equivalent; of equal rank or authority

Forms: plural: cooperations
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
coordinate
coordinate342.
341.
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coordinate coordinate
n. reference point; geographical location v. to arrange in proper order

Forms: plural: coordinates Forms: coordinated; coordinated; coordinating
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
copy
cope344.
343.
cope copy
v. to manage in spite of difficulty; to struggle successfully v. to duplicate; to imitate

Forms: coped; coped; coping Forms: copied; copied; copying
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
cordially
copy346.
345.
copy cordially
n. duplicate; photostat adv. in a friendly manner; warmly

Forms: plural: copies
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
corner
corner348.
347.
corner corner
v. to hold at bay; to gain advantage on the market; to n. place where two surfaces meet; angle
approach; to catch; to trap

Forms: cornered; cornered; cornering Forms: plural: corners
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
corporate
corp.350.
349.
corp. corporate
abbr. large company; firm; business adj. common; shared; collective

Forms: corporation
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
correct
correct352.
351.
correct correct
adj. right; proper; exact; accurate v. to make right; to amend

Forms: corrected; corrected; correcting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
corrupt
correlation354.
353.
correlation corrupt
n. mutual connection (between two or more things); adj. spoiled; immoral; dishonest; perverted
similarity; parallel

Forms: plural: correlations
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
corruption
corrupt356.
355.
corrupt corruption
v. to cause to be dishonest; to pervert; to spoil n. dishonesty; immorality; irregularity; unlawfulness;
illegality

Forms: corrupted; corrupted; corruption Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
cost
cost358.
357.
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cost cost
v. to have a price; to require payment; to set a price n. price; expense

Forms: cost; cost; costing Forms: plural: costs
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
counsel
council360.
359.
council counsel
n. assembly; board; group of people (gathered to advise, v. to advise; to instruct; to coach; to advocate
plan, etc.)

Forms: plural: councils Forms: counseled; counseled; counseling
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
counter
counsel362.
361.
counsel counter
n. advice; person who gives advice; attorney; lawyer pref. against; opposed

Forms: plural: counsels
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
counter
counter364.
363.
counter counter
n. bar; counting device v. to oppose; to retaliate; to react; to strike back

Forms: plural: counters Forms: countered; countered; countering
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
counterbalance
counter366.
365.
counter counterbalance
adv. against; in contrast to v. to act against; to oppose (with an equal weight, force
etc.)

Forms: counterbalanced; counterbalanced;
counterbalancing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
couple
counterbalance368.
367.
counterbalance couple
n. equal weight or power acting in opposition v. to connect; to join; to link

Forms: plural: counterbalances Forms: coupled; coupled; coupling
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
coupon
couple370.
369.
couple coupon
n. pair; group of two n. printed form that entitles the holder to certain rights
such as in a discount

Forms: plural: couples Forms: plural: coupons
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
course
courier372.
371.
courier course
n. messenger; company that delivers messages, v. to hunt; to pursue; to run over; to race
documents, parcels, etc.

Forms: plural: couriers Forms: coursed; coursed; coursing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
court
course374.
373.
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course court
n. direction; series of lessons or training units; layer; part v. to seek to please; to flatter; to seek to gain the
of a meal affections of someone

Forms: plural: courses Forms: courted; courted; courting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
courteously
court376.
375.
court courteously
n. yard; formal reception; place where legal trials take adv. politely; respectfully; graciously
place

Forms: plural: courts
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
cover
courtesy378.
377.
courtesy cover
n. politeness; good manners; cordiality; civility v. to encase; to review; to protect; to include; to insure

Forms: plural: courtesies Forms: covered; covered; covering
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
coverage
cover380.
379.
cover coverage
n. insurance; shelter; casing; front; lid n. survey; review; news reporting; insurance

Forms: plural: covers Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
craft
craft382.
381.
craft craft
v. to shape with skill n. trade; skill; occupation; boat; plane

Forms: crafted; crafted; crafting Forms: plural: crafts
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
crate
crafted384.
383.
crafted crate
adj. produced; made; manufactured v. to pack in a box

Forms: crated; crated; crating
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
create
crate386.
385.
crate create
n. wooden box; old car; old plane v. to produce; to design; to make; to manufacture

Forms: plural: crates Forms: created; created; creating
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
creativity
creative388.
387.
creative creativity
adj. inventive; innovative; artistic n. innovativeness; inventiveness

Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
credit
credible390.
389.
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credible credit
adj. reliable; trustworthy; dependable v. to believe; to have faith in; to supply goods by deferred
payment

Forms: credited; credited; credited
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
risk
credit
credit392.
391.
credit credit risk
n. money (in a bank account); trust; confidence; respect n. the prospect that a bond issuer will fail to make
required debt payments

Forms: plural: credits Forms: plural: credit risks
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
crew
creditor394.
393.
creditor crew
n. person or organization that lends something; lender; n. group of people working together; team
loaner; moneylender

Forms: plural: creditors Forms: plural: crews
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
critical
criterion396.
395.
criterion critical
n. standard against which something is measured; factor; adj. judgmental; important; crucial; vital
discipline

Forms: plural: criteria
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
crop
criticize398.
397.
criticize crop
v. to disapprove; to censure; to find fault n. harvest; produce (Agriculture); group; whip; short
haircut

Forms: criticized; criticizing Forms: plural: crops
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
crowd
crop400.
399.
crop crowd
v. to harvest; to cut short; to clip n. public; large group of people; gathering

Forms: cropped; cropped; cropping Forms: plural: crowds
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
crowded
crowd402.
401.
crowd crowded
v. to gather together; to group together; to press in adj. full; packed; crammed together

Forms: crowded; crowded; crowding
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
cruise
crucial404.
403.
crucial cruise
adj. very important; critical; decisive; vital n. traveling on a ship; sea voyage; sailing

Forms: plural: cruises
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
crux
cruise406.
405.
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cruise crux
v. to sail; to move at a moderate speed; to travel; to n. heart of the matter; main point
coast; to drive along slowly

Forms: cruised; cruised; cruising Forms: plural: cruces or cruxes
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
cure
cuisine408.
407.
cuisine cure
n. style of cooking; national food n. method or course that restores health; prescribed
treatment for an illness

Forms: plural: cuisines Forms: plural: cures
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
curious
cure410.
409.
cure curious
v. to restore to health; to make well; to correct a bad adj. inquisitive; desiring to know and understand; odd;
habit; to preserve food strange; rare

Forms: cured; cured; curing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
current
currency412.
411.
currency current
n. national money of a country; circulation; custom; n. flow (of water, electricity, etc.); process; tendency;
prevalence direction

Forms: plural: currencies Forms: plural: currents
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
curt
current414.
413.
current curt
adj. recent; common; prevalent; present; popular adj. brief; blunt; rude

Forms: curter; curtest
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
cushion
curtly416.
415.
curtly cushion
adv. briefly; bluntly; rudely n. pillow; soft padded object

Forms: plural: cushions
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
custom
cushion418.
417.
cushion custom
v. to reduce; to protect; to soften; to upholster n. habit; tradition; convention

Forms: cushioned; cushioned; cushioning Forms: plural: customs
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
customize
customer420.
419.
customer customize
n. client; buyer; person who buys a product or service v. to make or to fit according to individual needs or
desires; to personalize; to individualize

Forms: plural: customers Forms: customized; customized; customizing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
cutback
customs422.
421.
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customs cutback
n. government department responsible for collecting n. reduction; curtailing; decrease
taxes on imports

Forms: only plural Forms: plural: cutbacks
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
cycle
cycle424.
423.
cycle cycle
v. to ride a bike n. series (of stories, articles, reports etc.); recurring
period of time

Forms: cycled; cycled; cycling Forms: plural: cycles
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––




54 PHOTOCOPIABLE © www.english-test.net
D 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words
daily
daily2.
D1.
daily daily
n. newspaper that is published 5 to 7 times a week adj. occurring on a regular basis

Forms: plural: dailies
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
damage
damage4.
3.
damage damage
n. injury; harm v. to cause harm; to cause injury; to destroy partly

Forms: plural: damages Forms: damaged; damaged; damaging
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
dash
danger6.
5.
danger dash
n. risk; peril; hazard n. hyphen; drop; pinch; rush; sprint

Forms: plural: dangers Forms: plural: dashes
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
date
dash8.
7.
dash date
v. to move with sudden speed; to bolt; to shatter; to hurl; n. day, month and year according to the calendar;
to cast interview; meeting

Forms: dashed; dashed; dashing Forms: plural: dates
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
deal
deadline10.
9.
deadline deal
n. time when a project; assignment; task or job must be n. agreement; business transaction; exchange; amount
completed or turned in

Forms: plural: deadlines Forms: plural: deals
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
dealer
deal12.
11.
deal dealer
v. to provide; to offer; to distribute; to supply; to sell; to n. supplier; seller; merchant; agent; sales representative
trade

Forms: dealt; dealt; dealing Forms: plural: dealers
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
debate
dealing14.
13.
dealing debate
n. manner of doing business; behavior; distribution; giving n. argument; dispute; discussion; conversation
out

Forms: plural: dealings Forms: plural: debates
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
debris
debate16.
15.
debate debris
v. to argue; to discuss; to consider; to ponder n. rubble; ruins; wreckage; fragments

Forms: debated; debated; debating Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
debut
debt18.
17.
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debt debut
n. obligation; something owed (i.e. money) n. opening of a show; first public appearance

Forms: plural: debts Forms: plural: debuts
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
decade
debut20.
19.
debut decade
v. to perform for the first time; to make one's premiere n. ten years; group of tens
performance

Forms: debuted; debuted; debuting Forms: plural: decades
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
decision
decide22.
21.
decide decision
v. to choose; to select from several options; to conclude; n. determination; resolution; ruling (especially in court)
to resolve

Forms: decided; decided; deciding Forms: plural: decisions
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
declare
declaration24.
23.
declaration declare
n. statement; proclamation; announcement v. to proclaim; to make a statement; to make a full
statement of (one's taxable or dutiable property)

Forms: plural: declarations Forms: declared; declared; declaring
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
decline
decline26.
25.
decline decline
n. downward; descent; slope; ebb v. to refuse; to go down; to decrease; to fall

Forms: plural: declines Forms: declined; declined; declining
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
decrease
decrease28.
27.
decrease decrease
n. decline; reduction; lessening v. to reduce; to lessen; to decline

Forms: plural: decreases Forms: decreased; decreased; decreasing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
dedication
dedicate30.
29.
dedicate dedication
v. to devote to; to set apart for; to inscribe (a book, poem, n. setting apart; devotion; inscription (in a book, poem,
song, story, etc.) to someone etc.)

Forms: dedicated; dedicated; dedicating Forms: plural: dedications
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
default
surrender32.
of
deed
31.
deed of surrender default
n. a legal document that temporarily transfers a property v. to fail to perform a duty; to fail to pay on time; to fail to
from one individual to another appear in court

Forms: plural: deeds of surrender Forms: defaulted; defaulted; defaulting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
defect
default34.
33.
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default defect
n. failure to perform a duty; option on a computer which is v. to desert; to abandon; to change sides
automatically selected

Forms: plural: defaults Forms: defected; defected; defecting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
defend
defect36.
35.
defect defend
n. deficiency; flaw v. to protect; to secure; to vindicate

Forms: plural: defects Forms: defended; defended; defending
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
define
defense38.
37.
defense define
n. protection; security; rampart; shield v. to explain; to clarify; to limit; to set boundaries

Forms: plural: defenses Forms: defined; defined; defining
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
degree
definition40.
39.
definition degree
n. explanation; meaning; interpretation (as of a word or n. rank; extent; university certificate
term)

Forms: plural: definitions Forms: plural: degrees
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
delay
delay42.
41.
delay delay
v. to postpone; to hinder; to linger; to move slowly; to n. postponement; hindrance; hold-up; stopping; lingering
loiter

Forms: delayed; delayed; delaying Forms: plural: delays
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
delegate
delegate44.
43.
delegate delegate
v. to authorize; to appoint as representative; to pass a n. representative; deputy; agent; participant of a
duty or responsibility on to someone else conference, convention, seminar etc.

Forms: delegated; delegated; delegating Forms: plural: delegates
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
deliberately
delete46.
45.
delete deliberately
v. to remove totally; to erase; to eliminate adv. intentionally; purposefully; methodically

Forms: deleted; deleted; deleting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
deliver
delicious48.
47.
delicious deliver
adj. tasty; having a pleasant taste or smell v. to convey; to give; to bring; to distribute; to express

Forms: delivered; delivered; delivering
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
demand
delivery50.
49.
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delivery demand
n. distribution; liberation; transference v. to claim; to require; to request strongly

Forms: plural: deliveries Forms: demanded; demanded; demanding
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
demeanor
demand52.
51.
demand demeanor
n. claim; requirement; strong request n. behavior; conduct; bearing; appearance

Forms: plural: demands Forms: plural: demeanors
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
demolish
demographics54.
53.
demographics demolish
n. study of the statistical characteristics of a population v. to destroy; to ruin; to tear down; to remove

Forms: only plural Forms: demolished; demolished, demolishing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
demonstration
demonstrate56.
55.
demonstrate demonstration
v. to present; to show or illustrate something through n. exhibition; explanation; showing
example, or physical demonstrations

Forms: demonstrated; demonstrated; demonstrating Forms: plural: demonstrations
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
denominator
denial58.
57.
denial denominator
n. refusal to accept; refusal to believe; refusal to n. shared characteristic; common feature
recognize

Forms: plural: denials Forms: plural: denominators
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
density
dense60.
59.
dense density
adj. compact; having a high mass per unit volume; close n. compactness; closeness

Forms: plural: densities
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
depart
deny62.
61.
deny depart
v. to say that something is not true; to refuse; to renounce v. to leave; to go away; to go in a different direction; to
die

Forms: denied; denied; denying Forms: departed; departed; departing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
departmental
department64.
63.
department departmental
n. division of a company; section; area adj. arranged in divisions; divisional; concerning an office

Forms: plural: departments
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
depend
departure66.
65.
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departure depend
n. leaving; going away; opposite of arrival v. to rely on; to trust; to be supported by

Forms: plural: departures Forms: depended; depended; depending
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
dependent
dependent68.
67.
dependent dependent
adj. relying on; needing (the help or support of another n. one who relies on another especially for financial
person); conditional; contingent support

Forms: plural: dependents
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
deploy
depict70.
69.
depict deploy
v. to describe; to illustrate; to characterize; to portray; to v. to speak out; to move into a position of readiness and
elucidate availability

Forms: depicted; depicted; depicting Forms: deployed; deployed; deploying
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
deposit
deposit72.
71.
deposit deposit
v. to put a sum of money in a bank for safekeeping; to n. sum of money that has been put in a bank for
pay in part; to set down safekeeping; partial payment; pledge

Forms: deposited; deposited; depositing Forms: plural: deposits
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
describe
deregulation74.
73.
deregulation describe
n. transferal of ownership from government to private v. to illustrate; to explain; to characterize; to elucidate
hands; privatization

Forms: plural: deregulations Forms: described; described; describing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
deserve
description76.
75.
description deserve
n. explanation; illustration; instruction v. to be worthy of; to have a right to

Forms: plural: descriptions Forms: deserved; deserved; deserving
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
design
design78.
77.
design design
v. to create; to conceive; to produce; to conceptualize n. plan; sketch; model; layout; structure

Forms: designed; designed; designing Forms: plural: designs
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
despite
desk80.
79.
desk despite
n. office table prep. notwithstanding

Forms: plural: desks
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
destroy
destination82.
81.
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destination destroy
n. place where one is going; the purpose for which v. to demolish; to ruin; to destruct; to erase
something is destined

Forms: plural: destinations Forms: destroyed; destroyed; destroying
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
detail
destruction84.
83.
destruction detail
n. ruin; desolation; annihilation v. to list; to describe; to specify; to assign

Forms: plural: destructions Forms: detailed; detailed; detailing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
detailed
detail86.
85.
detail detailed
n. item; piece of information; part of a whole adj. itemized; marked by thoroughness in treating small
items or parts

Forms: plural: details
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
determine
detect88.
87.
detect determine
v. to discover; to discern; to find out v. to decide; to define; to conclude; to cause; to affect

Forms: detected; detected; detecting Forms: determined; determined; determining
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
developer
develop90.
89.
develop developer
v. to build; to create; to design; to grow n. person who creates something; chemical substance
used in photography

Forms: developed; developed; developing Forms: plural: developers
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
device
development92.
91.
development device
n. evolvement; gradual growth; evolution; maturation; n. apparatus; appliance; gadget; trick; scheme
progression

Forms: plural: developments Forms: plural: devices
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
dial
devise94.
93.
devise dial
v. to plan; to invent; to design v. to press buttons; to place a phone call by pressing
buttons

Forms: devised; devised; devising Forms: dialed; dialed; dialing; dialed; dialed; dialing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
diary
dial96.
95.
dial diary
n. rotatable disk on a telephone n. written account of daily events and occurrences;
journal; daily calendar; log book; blog

Forms: plural: dials Forms: plural: diaries
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
dictate
dictate98.
97.
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dictate dictate
v. to say something aloud for someone to write down; to n. ruling principle; command; decree
command; to order; to impose

Forms: dictated; dictated; dictating Forms: plural: dictates
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
diet
diet100.
99.
diet diet
v. to limit the amount of food eaten; to eat only certain n. nourishment; nutrition; food and drink; regimen; weight
kinds of food loss plan

Forms: dieted; dieted; dieting Forms: plural: diets
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
difference
dietician102.
101.
dietician difference
n. nutritionist; expert on nutrition n. distinction; unusual quality; disagreement; remainder

Forms: plural: dieticians Forms: plural: differences
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
difficult
different104.
103.
different difficult
adj. not the same; unusual; distinctive adj. hard; troublesome; complicated; complex
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
digital
difficulty106.
105.
difficulty digital
n. problem; challenge; hardship; trouble adj. using numbers; with numbers

Forms: plural: difficulties
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
diligent
dignity108.
107.
dignity diligent
n. respected position; honor; nobility adj. ambitious; industrious; hard-working

Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
direct
direct110.
109.
direct direct
adj. straight; forthright; clear adv. clearly; in a straightforward manner
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
direction
direct112.
111.
direct direction
v. to guide; to lead; to instruct; to manage; to supervise n. guidance; supervision; conducting; management

Forms: directed; directed; directing Forms: plural: directions
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
directly
directly114.
113.
directly directly
conj. immediately following; the moment that; as soon as adv. clearly; straight; frankly; immediately; soon
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
directory
director116.
115.
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director directory
n. boss; supervisor; manager; head n. guidebook; library; catalog

Forms: plural: directors Forms: plural: directories
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
disappear
disagree118.
117.
disagree disappear
v. to have different opinions; to differ v. to go out of sight; to become extinct; to cease to exist;
to vanish

Forms: disagreed; disagreed; disagreeing Forms: disappeared; disappeared; disappearing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
discard
discard120.
119.
discard discard
v. to throw away; to get rid of n. garbage; refuse; scrap

Forms: discarded; discarded; discarding Forms: plural: discards
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
discipline
discern122.
121.
discern discipline
v. to distinguish; to perceive; to recognize; to discriminate n. training

Forms: discerned; discerned; discerning Forms: plural: disciplines
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
disclaimer
disclaim124.
123.
disclaim disclaimer
v. to deny connection with; to renounce; to repudiate; to n. statement which denies responsibility or affiliation;
disavow repudiation; denial

Forms: disclaimed; disclaimed; disclaiming Forms: plural: disclaimers
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
discount
discount126.
125.
discount discount
v. to reduce the price of; to mark down; to ignore n. price reduction; rebate

Forms: discounted; discounted; discounting Forms: plural: discounts
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
discouraged
discourage128.
127.
discourage discouraged
v. to cause to lose heart; to deter; to dissuade; to show adj. deprived of hope or confidence; dissuaded from
disapproval of; to derail

Forms: discouraged; discouraged; discouraging
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
discover
discouragement130.
129.
discouragement discover
n. derailment; feeling of despair in the face of obstacles v. to find out; to come across; to get information about
something

Forms: plural: discouragements Forms: discovered; discovered; discovering
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
discretion
discrete132.
131.
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discrete discretion
adj. separate; individual; discontinuous n. caution; wisdom; careful judgment

Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
discussion
discuss134.
133.
discuss discussion
v. to talk about; to debate; to converse n. debate; conversation; talk; dispute; argument

Forms: discussed; discussed; discussing Forms: plural: discussions
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
disembark
disease136.
135.
disease disembark
n. sickness; illness v. to go ashore from a boat; to leave a plane or vehicle; to
land

Forms: plural: diseases Forms: disembarked; disembarked; disembarking
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
dislodge
disk138.
137.
disk dislodge
n. flat circular object v. to extricate; to remove; to evict; to oust; to expel

Forms: plural: disks Forms: dislodged; dislodged; dislodging
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
dismiss
dismal140.
139.
dismal dismiss
adj. gloomy; cheerless; bad; depressing; sad v. to send away; to fire; to release; to free

Forms: dismissed; dismissed; dismissing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
dispatch
disparate142.
141.
disparate dispatch
adj. markedly different; contrasting n. sending off; shipment; message; communication;
promptness

Forms: plural: dispatches
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
dispense
dispatch144.
143.
dispatch dispense
v. to send off quickly; to dismiss; to conclude with speed n. expenditure; pardon
and efficiency; to eliminate

Forms: dispatched; dispatched; dispatching Forms: plural: dispenses
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
display
dispense146.
145.
dispense display
v. to do without; to give up; to distribute; to give out; to n. presentation; show; screen; monitor; exposure;
hand out exhibition

Forms: dispensed; dispensed; dispensing Forms: plural: displays
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
disposal
display148.
147.
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display disposal
v. to put out for others to see; to show; to exhibit; to n. getting rid of; arranging
reveal

Forms: displayed; displayed; displaying Forms: plural: disposals
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
disposition
dispose150.
149.
dispose disposition
v. to control; to arrange; to put in order n. character; nature; trait; arrangement; placement

Forms: disposed; disposed; disposing Forms: plural: dispositions
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
dispute
dispute152.
151.
dispute dispute
n. quarrel; disagreement; argument v. to argue; to debate; to contest; to oppose; to fight
against

Forms: plural: disputes Forms: disputed; disputed; disputing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
dissipate
disrupt154.
153.
disrupt dissipate
v. to upset; to disturb; to divide v. to scatter; to spread out; to be scattered

Forms: disrupted; disrupted; disrupting Forms: dissipated; dissipated; dissipating
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
distinguish
distinctive156.
155.
distinctive distinguish
adj. special; unique; different v. to mark as different; to see as different; to discern; to
recognize

Forms: distinguished; distinguished; distinguishing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
distributor
distract158.
157.
distract distributor
v. to disturb; to confuse; to worry; to divert; to amuse n. person, company or organization that markets a
commodity, product or service; wholesaler; dealer

Forms: distracted; distracted; distracting Forms: plural: distributors
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
diverse
disturb160.
159.
disturb diverse
v. to bother; to interrupt; to confuse; to worry adj. different; varied

Forms: disturbed; disturbed; disturbing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
diversify
diversification162.
161.
diversification diversify
n. process of becoming varied; sale of a variety of v. to make different; to invest one's assets in various
products and services securities

Forms: plural: diversifications Forms: diversified; diversified; diversifying
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
divert
diversity164.
163.
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diversity divert
n. variety; difference; unlikeness v. to distract; to entertain; to turn in a different direction;
to deflect

Forms: plural: diversities Forms: diverted; diverted; diverting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
divide
divide166.
165.
divide divide
n. separation; ridge between drainage areas; watershed v. to separate into parts; to part; to share; to apportion

Forms: plural: divides Forms: divided; divided; dividing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
doctor
division168.
167.
division doctor
n. partitioning; department; faculty; ranking; level n. person who is licensed to practice medicine (i.e.
according to difficulty physician, surgeon etc.)

Forms: plural: divisions Forms: plural: doctors
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
document
doctor170.
169.
doctor document
v. to provide medical treatment; to fix; to repair; to mend n. certificate; written file

Forms: doctored; doctored; doctoring Forms: plural: documents
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
documentation
document172.
171.
document documentation
v. to record for evidence; to write down; to substantiate n. collection of written records; use of written records as
evidence

Forms: documented; documented; documenting Forms: plural: documentations
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
domestic
drain174.
dollar
173.
dollar drain domestic
n. a situation in which the imports of a country from the adj. pertaining to home; pertaining to family; tame (about
USA are larger than their exports to the USA an animal)

Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
dominate
domestic176.
175.
domestic dominate
n. housemaid; servant; housekeeper v. to control; to rule; to command

Forms: plural: domestics Forms: dominated; dominated; dominating
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
donation
donate178.
177.
donate donation
v. to give; to contribute; to grant; to bestow n. gift; contribution

Forms: donated; donated; donating Forms: plural: donations
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
dot
dot180.
179.
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dot dot
v. to stud; to constellate n. spot; speck; part (the point) in an Internet web address

Forms: dotted; dotted; dotting Forms: plural: dots
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
doubt
dotted182.
181.
dotted doubt
adj. spotted; speckled; composed of a series of small v. to be uncertain; to have misgivings
dashes (about a line)

Forms: doubted; doubted; doubting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
download
doubt184.
183.
doubt download
n. misgiving; lack of certainty v. to copy files from a distant computer onto another
computer through an Internet connection

Forms: plural: doubts Forms: downloaded; downloaded; downloading
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
downsize
downsize186.
185.
downsize downsize
adj. of a smaller version or dimension v. to reduce the size of; to make smaller; to cut the
number of employees

Forms: downsized; downsized; downsized
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
downtown
downsizing188.
187.
downsizing downtown
n. bringing something down to a smaller scale; lowering n. commercial center of a city; business distract
expenses

Forms: plural: no plural Forms: plural: downtowns
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
downtown
downtown190.
189.
downtown downtown
adj. pertaining to the commercial center of a city adv. into the city center; into the the town
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
downward
downturn192.
191.
downturn downward
n. negative tendency (especially in economy or business) adv. towards a lower place, position or section

Forms: plural: downturns
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
draft
downward194.
193.
downward draft
adj. descending v. to make an outline; to draw up in written form; to
conscript; to draw out and separate

Forms: drafted; drafted; drafting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
drastic
draft196.
195.
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draft drastic
n. rough outline; sketch; written order for payment; adj. extreme; intense; severe
conscription

Forms: plural: drafts
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
draw
drastically198.
197.
drastically draw
adv. intensely; in an extreme manner; severely v. to attract; to pull; to sketch; to depict with lines; to
conclude

Forms: drew; drawn; drawing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
code
dress
draw200.
199.
draw dress code
n. attraction; lottery; contest which ends in a tie; natural n. formally or socially imposed standards of attire
channel; gully

Forms: plural: draws Forms: plural: dress codes
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
drill
drill202.
201.
drill drill
v. to bore a hole; to practice; to train; to sow seeds in n. practice; training; furrow; seeding machine; row of
rows seeds in a furrow

Forms: drilled; drilled; drilling Forms: plural: drills
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
drive
drive204.
203.
drive drive
v. to travel in a car; to transport in a vehicle; to compel n. trip in a vehicle; type of computer hardware; combined
effort to accomplish a goal (i.e. fund raiser)

Forms: drove; driven; driving Forms: plural: drives
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
drop
driver206.
205.
driver drop
n. chauffeur; program which enables an operating system v. to fall; to make fall; to bring down; to go down; to omit;
to communicate with a particular device to abandon

Forms: plural: drivers Forms: dropped; dropped; dropping
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
due
drop208.
207.
drop due
n. small globule of liquid; drip; very small amount; adj. owed; payable; right; fitting; suitable; adequate
pendant

Forms: plural: drops
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
duplicate
due210.
209.
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due duplicate
n. something which legally or rightfully belongs to an n. copy; photocopy; exact replica; reproduction
individual; payment; fee

Forms: plural: dues Forms: plural: duplicates
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
duplicate
duplicate212.
211.
duplicate duplicate
v. to copy; to replicate; to photocopy adj. double; identical; matching

Forms: duplicated; duplicated; duplicating
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
duration
durable214.
213.
durable duration
adj. sturdy; long lasting n. period of time that something continues

Forms: plural: durations
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
during
duress216.
215.
duress during
n. intimidation; constraint; pressure; coercion prep. while; throughout

Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
dynamic
duty218.
217.
duty dynamic
n. obligation; responsibility; assignment; customs tax adj. forceful; energetic; vigorous; spirited; alive

Forms: plural: duties
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––




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earn
eager2.
E1.
eager earn
adj. strongly desiring; keen; fervently interested v. to receive as a result of work or other service
performed; to profit; to be eligible; to be worthy

Forms: earned; earned; earning
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
earnest
earnest4.
3.
earnest earnest
n. seriousness; industriousness adj. serious; sober; sincere; fervent; eager

Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
easy
earnings6.
5.
earnings easy
n. money gained; salary; revenue; profit; income adj. mild; slight; comfortable; simple

Forms: only plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
economize
easy8.
7.
easy economize
adv. comfortably; without great difficulty or effort v. to save; to cut back; to be thrifty; to be frugal

Forms: economized; economized; economizing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
edge
economy10.
9.
economy edge
n. management of resources (i.e. money, goods, etc.); n. line at which a surface ends; thin sharp side of a blade;
thrift; careful spending excitement

Forms: plural: economies Forms: plural: edges
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
edge
edge12.
11.
edge edge
v. to sharpen; to provide with a border; to advance adj. at or constituting a place where two surfaces meet
gradually or furtively

Forms: edged; edged; edging
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
editor
edit14.
13.
edit editor
v. to revise; to alter; to make changes and corrections n. person or organization that prepares printed matter for
prior to printing publication

Forms: edited; edited; editing Forms: plural: editors
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
effect
education16.
15.
education effect
n. learning; instruction; imparting of knowledge; n. result; outcome; impact; trick; natural phenomenon
upbringing

Forms: no plural Forms: plural: effects
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
effective
effect18.
17.
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effect effective
v. to accomplish; to put into action; to execute; to do adj. productive; in operation; impressive; striking

Forms: effected; effected; effecting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
effort
efficient20.
19.
efficient effort
adj. done without waste (of time, resources, etc.) n. physical or mental exertion; labor; attempt; organized
operation

Forms: plural: efforts
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
either
effusive22.
21.
effusive either
adj. overflowing; unreserved; unrestrained; exuberant adj. one of two
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
either
either24.
23.
either either
adv. also; too; as well conj. precedes two or more coordinate words or phrases
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
elaborate
elaborate26.
25.
elaborate elaborate
v. to provide additional details; to plan carefully and with adj. detailed; complicated; carefully planned; worked out
great detail; to produce; to develop in great detail

Forms: elaborated; elaborated; elaborating
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
elect
elaboration28.
27.
elaboration elect
n. painstaking labor; careful planning; adding of extra v. to choose; to vote for; to prefer; to decide
details; act of improving; production

Forms: plural: elaborations Forms: elected; elected; electing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
election
elect30.
29.
elect election
adj. chosen for office but net yet formally installed n. choosing; time when people vote for a political
candidate

Forms: plural: elections
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
element
electrician32.
31.
electrician element
n. person who installs or maintains wiring systems n. main component; something which is a part of a
complex whole

Forms: plural: electricians Forms: plural: elements
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
elementary
elemental34.
33.
elemental elementary
adj. simple; basic adj. basic; fundamental
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
elevator
elevation36.
35.
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elevation elevator
n. height of something; altitude above sea or ground n. lift; mechanical apparatus for moving people or items
level; raising; lifting up; grandeur from floor to floor within a building

Forms: plural: elevations Forms: plural: elevators
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
eligible
elicit38.
37.
elicit eligible
v. to extract from; to bring out; to draw out adj. suitable; worthy of; qualified; entitled to; allowed

Forms: elicited; elicited; eliciting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
elucidate
eliminate40.
39.
eliminate elucidate
v. to remove; to get rid of v. to explain; to clarify; to describe; to depict

Forms: eliminated; eliminated; eliminating Forms: elucidated; elucidated; elucidating
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
embark
elude42.
41.
elude embark
v. to avoid; to escape; to shrink v. to go on board a ship; to put on board a ship; to begin;
to become involved in an enterprise

Forms: elude d; eluded; eluding Forms: embarked; embarked; embarking
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
embrace
embrace44.
43.
embrace embrace
n. hug; act of wrapping one's arms around another v. to accept; to belief; to hug; to hold tight
person or thing

Forms: plural: embraces Forms: embraced; embraced; embracing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
emergency
emerge46.
45.
emerge emergency
v. to appear; to come out; to be revealed n. sudden need demanding immediate action

Forms: emerged; emerged; emerging Forms: plural: emergencies
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
empathy
emergency48.
47.
emergency empathy
adj. in the event of sudden need n. entering into the feelings of another; sympathy;
vicarious emotion; understanding

Forms: plural: empathies
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
emphasize
emphasis50.
49.
emphasis emphasize
n. importance that is attached to something; accent or v. to stress; to show the importance of
stress that is placed on a word or words

Forms: no plural Forms: emphasized; emphasized; emphasizing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
employee
employ52.
51.
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employ employee
v. to hire as a worker; to activate; to operate; to use n. worker; person who works for a company or an
individual

Forms: employed; employed; employing Forms: plural: employees
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
employment
employer54.
53.
employer employment
n. boss; person or company that hires people to do work n. work; occupation; keeping busy

Forms: plural: employers Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
empty
empty56.
55.
empty empty
n. container devoid of contents v. to remove the contents of

Forms: plural: empties Forms: emptied; emptied, emptying
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
emulate
empty58.
57.
empty emulate
adj. containing nothing; without people; without contents; v. to imitate; to try to equal or excel; to take after; to copy
hollow; meaningless

Forms: emulated; emulated; emulating
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
enclosure
enclose60.
59.
enclose enclosure
v. to surround; to confine; to close in; to place an n. confinement; additional document or letter placed
additional document or letter within another within another

Forms: enclosed; enclosed; enclosing Forms: plural: enclosures
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
encounter
encounter62.
61.
encounter encounter
n. chance meeting v. to meet by chance; to face; to meet with (difficulties,
hardships, etc.)

Forms: plural: encounters Forms: encountered; encountered; encountering
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
encroach
encourage64.
63.
encourage encroach
v. to support; to inspire; to give hope v. to advance beyond proper limits; to infringe

Forms: encouraged; encouraged; encouraging Forms: encroached; encroached; encroaching
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
endure
endorsement66.
65.
endorsement endure
n. signature on a money order such as a check v. to put up with something or somebody unpleasant

Forms: plural: endorsements Forms: endured; endured; enduring
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
engagement
engage68.
67.
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engage engagement
v. to keep busy; to occupy; to employ; to commit n. commitment; obligation; period of employment

Forms: engaged; engaged; engaging Forms: plural: engagements
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
engineer
engine70.
69.
engine engineer
n. machine which supplies force and motion; motor; truck; v. to design; to plan (i.e. machinery, roads, etc.)
part of a program which handles certain types of date

Forms: plural: engines Forms: engineered; engineered; engineering
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
enhance
engineer72.
71.
engineer enhance
n. person who designs and plans (machinery, roads, etc.) v. to increase; to intensify; to improve; to raise the value
of

Forms: plural: engineers Forms: enhanced; enhanced; enhancing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
enlargement
enlarge74.
73.
enlarge enlargement
v. to become bigger; to expand n. expansion; increase in size; magnification

Forms: enlarged; enlarged; enlarging Forms: plural: enlargements
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
enlightenment
enlighten76.
75.
enlighten enlightenment
v. to instruct; to provide with intellectual or spiritual n. state of intellectual or spiritual awareness
understanding

Forms: enlightened; enlightened; enlightening Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
enough
enlist78.
77.
enlist enough
v. to draft into military service; to voluntarily join a cause n. adequate amount; sufficient degree

Forms: enlisted; enlisted; enlisting Forms: plural: enoughs
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
enough
enough80.
79.
enough enough
adj. sufficient; adequate adv. quite; sufficiently; fairly
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
enrichment
enrich82.
81.
enrich enrichment
v. to improve; to make better n. enhancement; refinement; improvement

Forms: enriched; enriched; enriching Forms: plural: enrichments
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
ensure
enroll84.
83.
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enroll ensure
v. to register; to sign up; to join up; to enter one's name v. to make certain; to guarantee; to make secure
on a list

Forms: enrolled; enrolled; enrolling Forms: ensured; ensured; ensuring
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
enterprise
enter86.
85.
enter enterprise
v. to go into; to join; to record; to inscribe n. company; firm; undertaking; business; endeavor

Forms: entered; entered; entering Forms: plural: enterprises
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
entertainer
entertain88.
87.
entertain entertainer
v. to interest; to amuse; to host n. host; performer; comedian

Forms: entertained; entertained; entertaining Forms: plural: entertainers
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
enthuse
entertainment90.
89.
entertainment enthuse
n. something interesting or amusing; fun; hospitality v. to express excitement; to motivate

Forms: plural: entertainments Forms: enthused; enthused; enthusing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
enthusiastic
enthusiasm92.
91.
enthusiasm enthusiastic
n. excitement; great interest adj. excited; passionate; ardent; fervent

Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
entirely
entire94.
93.
entire entirely
adj. whole; including every part; complete; full adv. totally; completely; absolutely
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
entitled
entitle96.
95.
entitle entitled
v. to give a heading or name to (i.e. a book, painting, adj. allowed; eligible; having the right to something
etc.); to grant a right; to claim something

Forms: entitled; entitled; entitling
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
entrance
entrance98.
97.
entrance entrance
v. to hypnotize; to enthrall n. way into a building or other structure; gate; doorway

Forms: entranced; entranced; entrancing Forms: plural: entrances
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
entry
entrust100.
99.
entrust entry
v. to give to for safekeeping; to empower someone with a n. opening; record; information or item in a book,
responsibility or duty dictionary, catalog, list, directory, etc.

Forms: entrusted; entrusted; entrusting Forms: plural: entries
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
environmental
environment102.
101.
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environment environmental
n. surroundings; conditions in which someone or adj. pertaining to the world and nature around us
something lives

Forms: plural: environments
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
episode
envision104.
103.
envision episode
v. to imagine to oneself; to picture; to visualize n. event; occurrence; one of a group of loosely connected
stories

Forms: envisioned; envisioned; envisioning Forms: plural: episodes
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
equal
equal106.
105.
equal equal
n. person or thing that is the same v. to match; to correspond; to resemble; to be similar to

Forms: plural: equals Forms: equaled; equaled; equaling
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
equality
equal108.
107.
equal equality
adj. same; identical; able; capable n. sameness; uniformity

Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
equipment
equip110.
109.
equip equipment
v. to provide with the required supplies, tools and items n. supplies; necessary items; tools, instruments or other
objects for completing a task

Forms: equipped; equipped; equipping Forms: plural: equipments
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
equivalent
equity112.
111.
equity equivalent
n. honesty; fairness; justice adj. same in worth or value; same in importance;
corresponding

Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
erase
equivalent114.
113.
equivalent erase
n. something that is the same of the same level v. to rub off; to remove totally; to delete

Forms: plural: equivalents Forms: erased; erased; erasing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
error
erasure116.
115.
erasure error
n. rubbing out; deletion; eradication n. mistake; something that is incorrect

Forms: plural: erasures Forms: plural: errors
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
essence
especially118.
117.
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especially essence
adv. particularly n. inherent nature of something; central or outstanding
characteristic

Forms: plural: essences
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
establish
essential120.
119.
essential establish
adj. necessary; needed; fundamental; crucial; very v. to set up; to found; to base; to build
important

Forms: established; established; establishing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
estate
establishment122.
121.
establishment estate
n. anything that is set up; institution (i.e. business, n. extensive piece of land usually with a large house on it;
church, authority, government, etc.) person's property; wealth; possessions

Forms: plural: establishments Forms: plural: estates
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
esteem
esteem124.
123.
esteem esteem
v. to respect; to honor; to admire; to value n. admiration; respect

Forms: esteemed; esteemed; esteeming Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
estimate
estimate126.
125.
estimate estimate
v. to judge an object's value; to appraise; to assess; to n. judgment of an object's worth; appraisal; opinion;
guess judgment

Forms: estimated; estimated; estimating Forms: plural: estimates
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
etc.
etc.128.
127.
etc. etc.
adv. and so on; and so forth abbr. Latin for and so on; and so forth

Forms: etcetera
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
evaluate
evade130.
129.
evade evaluate
v. to avoid; to run away; to shrink v. to appraise; to judge the worth or quality; to assess; to
gauge

Forms: evaded; evaded; evading Forms: evaluated; evaluated; evaluating
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
evasive
evaluation132.
131.
evaluation evasive
n. appraisal; estimation; assessment adj. avoiding; tending to shrink; elusive

Forms: plural: evaluations
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
even
even134.
133.
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even even
adj. smooth; straight; level; parallel; equal; consistent v. to make level; to smooth; to balance

Forms: evened; evened; evening
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
eventual
event136.
135.
event eventual
n. occurrence; happening; contest; campaign; promotion adj. final; occurring as a result

Forms: plural: events
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
evidence
evict138.
137.
evict evidence
v. to expel a tenant by legal process; to turn out n. proof; something which proves or disproves

Forms: evicted; evicted; evicting Forms: plural: evidences
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
evident
evidence140.
139.
evidence evident
v. to offer proof; to prove; to show to be true adj. clear; obvious; apparent

Forms: evidenced; evidenced; evidencing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
exact
evoke142.
141.
evoke exact
v. to arouse; to bring out; to summon; to wake v. to demand; to require; to insist upon; to force

Forms: evoked; evoked; evoking Forms: exacted; exacted; exacting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
exaggerate
exact144.
143.
exact exaggerate
adj. precise; meticulous; extremely accurate v. to overstate; to make something seem greater or more
important than it really is

Forms: exaggerated; exaggerated; exaggerating
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
examinee
examination146.
145.
examination examinee
n. test; quiz; investigation; inquiry n. person who is tested; candidate

Forms: plural: examinations Forms: plural: examinees
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
example
examiner148.
147.
examiner example
n. person who gives a test n. model; pattern; something which serves as an
illustration

Forms: plural: examiner Forms: plural: examples
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
excel
exceed150.
149.
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exceed excel
v. to surpass; to pass; to go beyond; to outdo v. to be talented; to do very well; to surpass; to do better
than

Forms: exceeded; exceeded; exceeding Forms: excelled; excelled; excelling
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
except
excellent152.
151.
excellent except
adj. superior; extraordinary; outstanding prep. but; besides
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
except
except154.
153.
except except
conj. but; only v. to exclude; to leave out; to skip; to protest; to object

Forms: excepted; excepted; excepting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
exchange
exception156.
155.
exception exchange
n. something that is out of the ordinary; anomaly; n. conversion; stock market; trade; barter; conversation
objection; opposition

Forms: plural: exceptions Forms: plural: exchanges
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
excite
exchange158.
157.
exchange excite
v. to give one thing in return for another; to replace one v. to stir up; to arouse feelings; to provoke; to stimulate
thing with another; to trade; to barter

Forms: exchanged; exchanged; exchanging Forms: excited; excited; exciting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
exclusion
exclude160.
159.
exclude exclusion
v. to leave out; to keep out; to prevent from happening or n. prevention; rejection; leaving out; keeping out; shutting
being; to reject out

Forms: excluded; excluded; excluding Forms: plural: exclusions
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
exclusive
exclusive162.
161.
exclusive exclusive
n. news story publicized in only a newspaper or adj. sole; limited to a selected few; incompatible;
television/radio station fashionable; unique

Forms: plural: exclusives
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
execute
exclusively164.
163.
exclusively execute
adj. in a manner which shuts out all others; solely; in a v. to perform; to carry out; to put into practice
limited manner

Forms: executed; executed; executing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
executive
executive166.
165.
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executive executive
adj. administrative; operational; having the power to n. manager; person or group of persons having
execute laws and policy administrative authority within an organization

Forms: plural: executives
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
exertion
exert168.
167.
exert exertion
v. to exercise; to use; to make an effort n. putting to use; putting into action; effort; struggle; strain

Forms: exerted; exerted; exerting Forms: plural: exertions
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
exhibit
exhibit170.
169.
exhibit exhibit
n. something presented as evidence in a court of law; v. to show; to display; to demonstrate; to present
display; show

Forms: plural: exhibits Forms: exhibited; exhibited; exhibiting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
exist
exhibition172.
171.
exhibition exist
n. display; show; public presentation of work or skills; v. to live; to be
trade fair

Forms: plural: exhibitions Forms: existed; existed; existing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
exit
existence174.
173.
existence exit
n. living; state of being; life n. passage that leads out

Forms: plural: existences Forms: plural: exits
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
expand
exit176.
175.
exit expand
v. to leave; to go out v. to grow larger; to broaden; to increase; to enlarge; to
add to

Forms: exited; exited; exiting Forms: expanded; expanded; expanding
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
expect
expansion178.
177.
expansion expect
n. enlargement; increase; spread; development v. to assume; to anticipate; to hope

Forms: plural: expansions Forms: expected; expected; expecting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
expectation
expectancy180.
179.
expectancy expectation
n. hope; anticipation; assumption n. anticipation; longing or waiting for; hope

Forms: plural: no plural Forms: plural: expectations
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
expel
expedite182.
181.
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expedite expel
v. to speed up; to accelerate; to facilitate; to dispatch v. eject; drive out; banish

Forms: expedited; expedited; expediting Forms: expelled; expelled; expelling
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
expense
expenditure184.
183.
expenditure expense
n. spending; disbursement; outlay (especially financial) n. cost; price; payment

Forms: plural: expenditures Forms: plural: expenses
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
experience
expensive186.
185.
expensive experience
adj. costly; precious; opposite of cheap n. knowledge obtained by doing; something that one has
lived through

Forms: plural: experiences
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
experiment
experience188.
187.
experience experiment
v. to try; to live through; to feel; to endure n. attempt to discover or test something; trial; research

Forms: experienced; experienced; experiencing Forms: plural: experiments
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
expert
experiment190.
189.
experiment expert
v. to attempt to discover or test something; to try; to n. person skilled in a particular area; specialist
venture; to research

Forms: experimented; experimented; experimenting Forms: plural: experts
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
expertise
expert192.
191.
expert expertise
adj. skilled; knowledgeable; highly sophisticated; very n. proficiency; skill; specialist knowledge and information
experienced

Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
expire
expiration194.
193.
expiration expire
n. termination; end v. to come to an end; to finish; to terminate

Forms: plural: expirations Forms: expired; expired; expiring
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
explanation
explain196.
195.
explain explanation
v. to illustrate; to elucidate; to interpret; to describe; to n. interpretation; something that clarifies; description;
define definition

Forms: explained; explained; explaining Forms: plural: explanations
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
explorer
explore198.
197.
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explore explorer
v. to travel to unknown regions; to investigate; to n. researcher; investigator; software program for file
examine; to research management

Forms: explored; explored; exploring Forms: plural: explorers
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
export
export200.
199.
export export
n. shipping of goods to other countries v. to ship; to send abroad; to sell goods and products
overseas

Forms: plural: exports Forms: exported; exported; exporting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
exposure
expose202.
201.
expose exposure
v. to reveal; to uncover; to disclose; to abandon n. denouncement; revealing; photograph; abandoning;
placement

Forms: exposed; exposed; exposing Forms: plural: exposures
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
express
express204.
203.
express express
v. to declare; to say; to send quickly; to squeeze; to adj. clear; exact; precise; quick
extract

Forms: expressed; expressed; expressing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
expression
express206.
205.
express expression
n. system for prompt transportation of people or parcels; n. putting into words; phrase; word; manifestation
dispatch conveyed by special messenger

Forms: plural: expresses Forms: plural: expressions
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
extension
extend208.
207.
extend extension
v. to stretch; to enlarge; to lengthen; to reach out n. expansion; branch of a telephone network;
supplement; reprieve

Forms: extended; extended; extending Forms: plural: extensions
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
extent
extensive210.
209.
extensive extent
adj. spreading over a large area; comprehensive n. scope; range; scale; size; measure; degree

Forms: plural: extents
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
extract
extract212.
211.
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extract extract
n. substance obtained from a plant; essence; text v. to remove; to take out; to squeeze; to press; to elicit
paragraph; passage

Forms: plural: extracts Forms: extracted; extracted; extracting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
extraordinary
extradite214.
213.
extradite extraordinary
v. to hand over to another nation or judicial authority adj. unusual

Forms: extradited; extradited; extraditing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––




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facilitate
fabric2.
F1.
fabric facilitate
n. textile; weave; structure; framework; construction v. to make easy; to assist; to forward; to promote; to
expedite

Forms: plural: fabrics Forms: facilitated; facilitated; facilitating
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
facility
facilitator4.
3.
facilitator facility
n. person or thing which promotes; expeditor n. device; tool; convenience; talent; ability; building

Forms: plural: facilitators Forms: plural: facilities
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
factory
factor6.
5.
factor factory
n. cause; agent; broker; financier; money lender n. plant; any location which mass-produces one type of
product

Forms: plural: factors Forms: plural: factories
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
fail
fade8.
7.
fade fail
v. to wither; to die out; to bleach; to disappear v. to be unsuccessful; to not do; to disappoint; to go
bankrupt; to be used up

Forms: faded; faded; fading Forms: failed; failed; failing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
fair
failure10.
9.
failure fair
n. inability to succeed; lack of success; lack; bankruptcy; n. festival; exhibition; show; market; bazaar
downfall

Forms: plural: failures Forms: plural: fairs
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
fair
fair12.
11.
fair fair
adj. just; reasonable; handsome; light colored; clean; adv. justly; equitably; directly; completely; really
clear
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
off
fall
faith14.
13.
faith fall off
n. belief in a particular thing or person; religion; trust; v. to separate; to be separated; to decrease; to become
confidence; loyalty smaller

Forms: plural: faiths Forms: fell off; fallen off; falling off
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
falter
false16.
15.
false falter
adj. not true; counterfeit; deceitful; wrong; artificial; not v. to hesitate; to stumble; to sway; to totter; to be
faithful unstable

Forms: faltered; faltered; faltering
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
familiar
fame18.
17.
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fame familiar
n. notoriety; renown; good reputation n. good friend; acquaintance

Forms: no plural Forms: plural: familiars
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
familiarize
familiar20.
19.
familiar familiarize
adj. ordinary; skilled; close; intimate; well-known v. to cause to be acquainted; to accustom; to make
something well known; to publicize

Forms: familiarized; familiarized; familiarizing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
fare
famous22.
21.
famous fare
adj. well-known; excellent; wonderful n. cost for traveling (on a bus, train, etc.)

Forms: plural: fares
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
favorable
fare24.
23.
fare favorable
v. to travel; to go; to journey; to happen; to eat and drink adj. positive; approving; likable; helpful; encouraging;
desirable

Forms: fared; fared; faring
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
fax
favorite26.
25.
favorite fax
adj. preferred; beloved; liked n. device for electronically transmitting written material;
electronically transmitted document

Forms: plural: faxes
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
fear
fax28.
27.
fax fear
v. to transmit document electronically n. fright; horror; concern; terror

Forms: faxed; faxed; faxing Forms: plural: fears
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
feasibility
fear30.
29.
fear feasibility
v. to be frightened; to be concerned; to be afraid of; to n. capability of being carried out; capability of being
have respect for achieved; likelihood; probability

Forms: feared; feared; fearing Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
feature
feasible32.
31.
feasible feature
adj. able to be carried out; achievable; possible; likely n. characteristic; function; capability (of a product,
machine, device, software etc.)

Forms: plural: features
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
fee
feature34.
33.
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feature fee
v. to characterize; to depict; to describe; to present; to n. toll; payment for services rendered; cost of admission;
emphasize commission; feudal estate

Forms: featured; featured; featuring Forms: plural: fees
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
feed
fee36.
35.
fee feed
v. to pay to; to hire; to employ n. meal; nourishment; material supplied; act of inserting
into a machine (especially of putting paper into a printer)

Forms: feed; feed; feeing Forms: plural: feeds
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
feedback
feed38.
37.
feed feedback
v. to supply; to support; to send; to move into a machine n. response; critique; information about the results of a
certain procedure or performance

Forms: fed; fed; feeding Forms: plural: feedbacks
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
fellow
fellow40.
39.
fellow fellow
n. friend; member of an academic organization; suitor adj. having membership in; belonging to (a group,
academic organization, etc.); of the same type

Forms: plural: fellows
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
fence
fence42.
41.
fence fence
n. railing; hedge; ability to argue; person who sells stolen v. to protect; to guard; to evade a question; to respond in
goods a vague manner

Forms: plural: fences Forms: fenced; fenced; fencing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
ferry
ferry44.
43.
ferry ferry
n. boat for crossing a body of water; shuttle v. to convey passengers or cargo by boat across a small
body of water

Forms: plural: ferries Forms: ferried; ferried; ferrying
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
fertilizer
fertilize46.
45.
fertilize fertilizer
v. to impregnate; to inseminate; to enrich the soil by the n. organic or chemical substance added to soil to enrich it
addition of organic or chemical substances (i.e. manure)

Forms: fertilized; fertilized; fertilizing Forms: plural: fertilizer
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
few
fetch48.
47.
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fetch few
v. to go after and bring back; to pick up; to charm n. not many; some; several; small number of

Forms: fetched; fetched; fetching Forms: plural: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
field
few50.
49.
few field
adj. little; not many; some n. area; domain; range; piece of land; surface

Forms: plural: fields
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
figure
field52.
51.
field figure
v. to answer adequately or successfully n. number; image; character; price; human shape;
symbol

Forms: fielded; fielded; fielding Forms: plural: figures
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
file
figure54.
53.
figure file
v. to calculate; to think; to assume; to portray; to depict; n. dossier; collection of documents on a subject; tool for
to express verbally smoothing surfaces; line; queue

Forms: figured; figured; figuring Forms: plural: files
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
out
fill
file56.
55.
file fill out
v. to arrange papers methodically for preservation and v. to insert written information into the gaps on a form
reference; to submit in a formal way

Forms: filed; filed; filing Forms: filled out; filled out; filling out
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
final
final58.
57.
final final
n. end; conclusion; last edition of a newspaper adj. at the end; last; ultimate; decisive; conclusive;
definitive

Forms: plural: finals
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
finance
finalize60.
59.
finalize finance
v. to end; to sum up; to complete; to conclude n. money management (including investment, banking
etc.); science of money management

Forms: finalized; finalized; finalizing Forms: plural: finances
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
fine
finance62.
61.
finance fine
v. to raise money for; to provide with funds; to fund; to n. monetary penalty; punishment which involves the
pay for payment of specified sum of money

Forms: financed; financed; financing Forms: plural: fines
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
fine
fine64.
63.
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fine fine
v. to impose a tax upon; to purify; to make thin or thinner; adj. delicate; thin; flimsy; handsome; top-quality; excellent
to reduce; to clarify

Forms: fined; fined; fining
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
finish
fine66.
65.
fine finish
adv. very well; excellent n. end; completion; conclusion; polish; something which
completes or perfects

Forms: plural: finishes
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
firm
finish68.
67.
finish firm
v. to terminate; to end; to destroy; to defeat; to complete n. company; commercial business; corporation

Forms: finished; finished; finishing Forms: plural: firms
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
firm
firm70.
69.
firm firm
v. to solidify; to become solid; to stabilize; to become adj. strong; solid; stable; fixed; immovable; determined
stable

Forms: firmed; firmed; firming
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
fiscal
firm72.
71.
firm fiscal
adv. sturdily; steadily; assertively; in a determined adj. of public funds; of or pertaining to money matters
manner
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
fix
fix74.
73.
fix fix
n. embarrassing situation; predicament; location; position v. to determine; to stabilize; to arrange; to repair; to
(i.e. of a ship or individual) prepare

Forms: plural: fixes Forms: fixed; fixed; fixing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
fizzle
fixture76.
75.
fixture fizzle
n. something which is permanently or securely attached; n. failure; fiasco; sputtering which gradually fades into
set date for a sporting event silence

Forms: plural: fixtures Forms: plural: fizzles
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
money
flat
fizzle78.
77.
fizzle flat money
v. to fail after starting well; to make a hissing noise which n. banknote printed by a government as legal tender
gradually fades into silence which is not redeemable and which lacks economic value

Forms: fizzled; fizzled; fizzling Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
flaw
flaw80.
79.
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flaw flaw
v. to crack; to become defective; to become cracked n. defect; imperfection; crack; strong gust or wind

Forms: flawed; flawed; flawing Forms: plural: flaws
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
flawless
flawed82.
81.
flawed flawless
adj. defective; imperfect; cracked adj. perfect; impeccable
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
fleet
fleet84.
83.
fleet fleet
v. to move quickly; to pass quickly adj. swift; fast

Forms: fleeted; fleeted; fleeting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
flexibility
fleet86.
85.
fleet flexibility
n. group of ships, cars, trucks or other vehicles n. elasticity; ability to adapt to new circumstances;
pliability

Forms: plural: fleets Forms: plural: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
flight
flexible88.
87.
flexible flight
adj. elastic; easily bent; adroit; adept; pliable n. flying; aviation; trip on an airplane; escape

Forms: plural: flights
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
floor
floor90.
89.
floor floor
v. to knock down; to astound; to shock n. flat surface at the bottom of the room on which you
walk; story; level of a building

Forms: floored; floored; flooring Forms: plural: floors
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
fluctuate
florist92.
91.
florist fluctuate
n. owner of a flower shop; person who makes flower v. to vacillate; to waver; to vary; to change
arrangements

Forms: plural: florists Forms: fluctuated; fluctuated; fluctuating
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
fluency
fluctuation94.
93.
fluctuation fluency
n. vacillation; instability; wavering; inconstancy; change n. ability to speak and write easily; eloquence;
articulateness; gracefulness

Forms: plural: fluctuations Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
focus
fluent96.
95.
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fluent focus
adj. articulate; eloquent; able to read and write with ease; v. to make clear; to concentrate
graceful; flowing

Forms: focussed; focussed; focusing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
fold
focus98.
97.
focus fold
n. center; hub; concentration v. to bend; to crease; to wrap; to envelop; to clasp

Forms: no plural Forms: folded; folded; folding
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
folder
fold100.
99.
fold folder
n. bend; crease; depression in the ground; hollow n. dossier for storing papers; directory
between two hills; yard

Forms: plural: folds Forms: plural: folders
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
forecast
food102.
101.
food forecast
n. nourishment; substance which provides the body with v. to predict a future event or condition; to foretell
nutrients; sustenance

Forms: plural: foods Forms: forecast; forecast; forecasting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
forecast
forecast104.
103.
forecast forecast
adj. predicted; expected; anticipated n. prediction of a future event or condition (i.e.
development of the economy)

Forms: plural: forecasts
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
foreign
forecaster106.
105.
forecaster foreign
n. person who foretells future events; weatherman adj. strange; unfamiliar; from or of another place;
pertaining to dealings with another country

Forms: plural: forecasters
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
foresee
foremost108.
107.
foremost foresee
adv. first in place or rank; primary; leading; main v. to predict; to prophesy; to foretell

Forms: foresaw; foreseen; foreseeing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
form
form110.
109.
form form
v. to shape; to create; to design; to arrange; to be created n. shape; image; framework; document with blank spaces
to be filled in; fitness; type

Forms: formed; formed; forming Forms: plural: forms
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
formal
formal112.
111.
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formal formal
adj. ceremonious; conventional; according to custom; n. occasion which requires fancy dress (dance, ball, etc.);
stiff; strict; symmetrical evening gown

Forms: plural: formals
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
format
format114.
113.
format format
v. to design the appearance of; to arrange; to prepare a n. structure; pattern; design; organization; pattern of data
diskette or hard disk for use organization

Forms: formatted; formatted; formatting Forms: plural: formats
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
formula
formatted116.
115.
formatted formula
adj. arranged in a particular way; prepared for reading n. set way of saying or doing something; principle; pattern
and writing

Forms: plural: formulas
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
fortunate
formulate118.
117.
formulate fortunate
v. to devise; to conceive; to develop; to plan adj. lucky; successful; opportune

Forms: formulated; formulated; formulating
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
forward
fortune120.
119.
fortune forward
n. luck; wealth; chance; success; riches v. to send; to convey; to transmit; to promote; to advance

Forms: plural: fortunes Forms: forwarded; forwarded; forwarding
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
forward
forward122.
121.
forward forward
adj. advanced; ahead; ready; brash; of the future; adv. ahead; to the front
progressive
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
foster
forward124.
123.
forward foster
n. player positioned at the front of the offensive line adj. entrusted to the care
(Sports)

Forms: plural: forwards
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
found
foster126.
125.
foster found
v. to encourage; to nurture; to promote; to raise; to care adj. discovered
for

Forms: fostered; fostered; fostering
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
foundation
found128.
127.
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found foundation
v. to establish; to create; to build; to set up; to start a n. base; fundament; substructure; establishing; institution
company

Forms: founded; founded; founding Forms: plural: foundations
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
founder
founder130.
129.
founder founder
v. to fill with water and sink; to fall; to fail; to stumble; to n. establisher; organization or channel; person who gives
cause to sink authorization to operate a channel

Forms: foundered; foundered; foundering Forms: plural: founders
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
frame
fraction132.
131.
fraction frame
n. product of the division of one number by another; part v. to contrive false evidence against; to set up; to
of a whole; segment; fragment; quotient construct; to build; to fashion; to formulate

Forms: plural: fractions Forms: framed; framed; framing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
framework
frame134.
133.
frame framework
n. casing; skeleton; structure; body structure; mood n. support; skeleton; structure; system

Forms: plural: frames Forms: plural: frameworks
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
franchise
franchise136.
135.
franchise franchise
v. to grant a license to an individual or group; to grant the n. license to market a company's goods or services;
right to vote business which has been granted a license

Forms: franchised; franchised; franchising Forms: plural: franchises
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
frank
franchisor138.
137.
franchisor frank
n. person who has the right to grant a license v. to deliver without charge

Forms: plural: franchisors Forms: franked; franked; franking
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
frank
frank140.
139.
frank frank
adj. honest; sincere; straightforward; open; candid n. mark or signature which allows a letter or package to
be sent free of charge

Forms: plural: franks
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
fraudulent
fraud142.
141.
fraud fraudulent
n. swindle; deceit; cheating; forgery; embezzlement adj. guilty; dishonest

Forms: plural: frauds
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
freight
fraught144.
143.
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fraught freight
adj. full of or accompanied by; charged with; laden with v. to load with goods; to load; to weigh down; to send as
cargo

Forms: freighted; freighted; freighting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
frequency
freight146.
145.
freight frequency
n. cargo or goods that are shipped for a fee; shipping n. quality of occurring regularly; rate at which a function
cost; transportation; conveyance; shipment reoccurs

Forms: plural: freights Forms: plural: frequencies
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
frequent
frequent148.
147.
frequent frequent
adj. happening often; regular; common; usual v. to go regularly to (a certain place); to patronize

Forms: frequented; frequented; frequenting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
frisky
frequently150.
149.
frequently frisky
adv. regularly; often adj. energetic; full of life; playful; lively
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
fuel
fuel152.
151.
fuel fuel
v. to provide with a combustible substance that provides n. substance burned to create energy (petrol, gasoline,
energy gas, wood, coal, etc.)

Forms: fueled; fueled; fueling Forms: plural: fuels
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
fulfill
fueled154.
153.
fueled fulfill
adj. filled with petrol, gas or another substance that v. to realize; to make a reality; to accomplish; to
produces energy complete; to execute

Forms: fulfilled; fulfilled; fulfilling
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
function
fulfillment156.
155.
fulfillment function
n. realization; performance; completion; gratification; v. to work; to act; to operate; to perform
satisfaction

Forms: plural: fulfillments Forms: functioned; functioned; functioning
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
fund
function158.
157.
function fund
n. duty; role; purpose; feature; convention v. to finance; to supply with money; to allocate financial
sums; to extend a short-term obligation

Forms: plural: functions Forms: funded; funded; funding
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
fundamental
fund160.
159.
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fund fundamental
n. amount of money set aside for a specific purpose; adj. basic; elemental; essential
supply

Forms: plural: funds
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
funnel
fundamental162.
161.
fundamental funnel
n. principle; basis; essential v. to channel; to centralize

Forms: plural: fundamentals Forms: funneled; funneled; funneling
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
funnelled
funnel164.
163.
funnel funnelled
n. device with a wide opening at the top which narrows as adj. channeled; centralized
it reaches the bottom

Forms: plural: funnels
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
further
furniture166.
165.
furniture further
n. movable articles for use in a home or office (i.e. chairs, adj. more distant; additional
desks, cabinets, closets, etc.)

Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
further
further168.
167.
further further
adv. to a greater distance; more; in addition v. to advance; to encourage; to promote; to assist

Forms: furthered; furthered; furthering
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
fussy
169.
fussy
adj. exacting; choosy; ornate; nagging; annoying
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––




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G.N.P.
G.D.P.2.
G1.
G.D.P. G.N.P.
abbr. total goods and services produced by nation during abbr. total value of goods and services produced by a
one year excluding payments on foreign investments country in a given period (generally one year)

Forms: Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Forms: Gross National Product (GNP)
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
gain
gain4.
3.
gain gain
n. profit; assets; achievement; increase; benefit; v. to acquire; to earn; to purchase; to obtain; to profit
advantage

Forms: plural: gains Forms: gained; gained; gaining
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
garbage
gap6.
5.
gap garbage
n. opening; breach; hiatus; space; great difference; n. something that is discarded; rubbish; trash; junk; waste
disparity

Forms: plural: gaps Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
garner
garment8.
7.
garment garner
n. piece of clothing; outer covering n. place where grain is stored; granary; storehouse;
collection; store

Forms: plural: garments Forms: plural: garners
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
gasoline
garner10.
9.
garner gasoline
v. to collect; to gather; to accumulate; to store; to place in n. flammable liquid mixture derived from petroleum (used
reserve as fuel, etc.)

Forms: garnered; garnered; garnering Forms: plural: gasolines
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
gather
gate12.
11.
gate gather
n. portion of a wall or fence that opens and closes; any n. drawing together; fold; pucker
barrier which opens and closes; entrance; entryway

Forms: plural: gates Forms: plural: gathers
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
gathering
gather14.
13.
gather gathering
v. to assemble; to collect; to accumulate; to conclude; to n. assembly; meeting; convention; cluster; collection
deduce

Forms: gathered; gathered; gathering Forms: plural: gatherings
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
gauge
gauge16.
15.
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gauge gauge
n. standard of measure; device for measuring (pressure, v. to measure; to evaluate; to determine; to estimate
amount, distance, etc.)

Forms: plural: gauges Forms: gauged; gauged; gauging
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
general
general18.
17.
general general
n. high ranking military officer adj. inclusive; of all things

Forms: plural: generals
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
generation
generate20.
19.
generate generation
v. to create; to produce; to bring into being n. production; creating; group of people born around the
same time

Forms: generated; generated; generating Forms: plural: generations
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
genuine
generous22.
21.
generous genuine
adj. benevolent; giving; unselfish; abundant; plentiful adj. original; real; true; natural; honest; sincere
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
get
germane24.
23.
germane get
adj. pertinent; relevant; connected v. to receive; to obtain; to purchase; to bring; to persuade

Forms: got; gotten; getting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
with
on
get
into26.
get
25.
get into get on with
v. to enter v. to continue

Forms: got into; gotten into; getting into Forms: got on with; gotten on with; getting on with
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
with
through
get
over28.
get
27.
get over get through with
v. to recover v. to finish; to complete

Forms: got over; gotten over; getting over Forms: got through with; gotten through with; getting
through with
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
gifted
gift30.
29.
gift gifted
n. present; talent; offering adj. talented; skilled; having great natural ability

Forms: plural: gifts
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
global
up32.
give
31.
give up global
v. to surrender; to quit; to stop doing adj. worldwide; universal; of the whole world

Forms: gave up; given up; giving up
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
glossary
globe34.
33.
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globe glossary
n. ball; sphere; planet Earth; world n. list of terms and definitions (usually at the end of a
book); dictionary of technical or specific terms

Forms: plural: globes Forms: plural: glossaries
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
glove
glossy36.
35.
glossy glove
adj. shiny; polished; smooth n. protecting covering for the hand; padded covering for
the hand

Forms: plural: gloves
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with
along
go
after38.
go
37.
go after go along with
v. to try to get; to attempt to get v. to comply; to conform; to follow; to agree

Forms: went after; gone after; going after Forms: went along with; gone along with; going along
with
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
goal
through40.
go
39.
go through goal
v. to experience; to endure n. target; aim; purpose; objective; destination

Forms: went through; gone through; going through Forms: plural: goals
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
good
good42.
41.
good good
adj. excellent; pleasant; valid; competent; skilled; positive adv. nice; excellent; of high quality
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
government
good44.
43.
good government
n. product; item; asset; benefit n. ruling of a country or area; political control; authority

Forms: plural: goods Forms: plural: governments
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
grade
grade46.
45.
grade grade
v. to give a mark to; to classify; to make level; to n. mark; level; degree; rank; type; extend; class (in a
evaluate; to assess school)

Forms: graded; graded; grading Forms: plural: grades
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graduate
gradually48.
47.
gradually graduate
adv. progressively v. to complete a course of study and receive a degree or
diploma

Forms: graduated; graduated; graduating
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
graduate
graduate50.
49.
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graduate graduate
adj. having a degree or diploma; concerning studies n. person who has completed a course of study and
beyond a bachelor's degree received a degree or diploma

Forms: plural: graduates
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grain
grain52.
51.
grain grain
v. to crumble into granules n. cereal; seed; granule; particle; texture; weave

Forms: grained; grained; graining Forms: plural: grains
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
grant
grant54.
53.
grant grant
v. to agree; to give; to bestow; to answer to; to donate n. award; gift; present; contribution; donation

Forms: granted; granted; granting Forms: plural: grants
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
graph
graph56.
55.
graph graph
v. to represent by chart; to draw a curve representing a n. diagram; chart
given function

Forms: graphed; graphed; graphing Forms: plural: graphs
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
grasp
grasp58.
57.
grasp grasp
v. to seize; to grip; to comprehend; to understand; to n. hold; understanding; knowledge; realization
realize

Forms: grasped; grasped; grasping Forms: plural: grasps
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
gratitude
grateful60.
59.
grateful gratitude
adj. thankful; appreciative; expressing thanks n. thankfulness; appreciation

Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
great
gratuity62.
61.
gratuity great
n. tip; bonus; recompense adj. large; important; huge; immense; wonderful; exciting

Forms: plural: gratuities
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
grit
greenhouse64.
63.
greenhouse grit
n. structure built mainly of glass in which plants are v. to grind the teeth together; to abrade; to grind; to make
cultivated out of season a harsh grinding noise

Forms: plural: greenhouses Forms: gritted; gritted; gritting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
grocer
grit66.
65.
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grit grocer
n. small rough granules or particles (i.e. sand); bravery; n. person who owns and operates a food store
pluck; endurance

Forms: plural: grits Forms: plural: grocers
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
grocery
groceries68.
67.
groceries grocery
n. foods and other goods sold at a small supermarket or n. store which sells food and other household goods
store

Forms: only plural Forms: plural: groceries
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
grooming
groom70.
69.
groom grooming
v. to tend carefully; to take care of; to make clean and n. process of making neat and attractive
tidy; to prepare for

Forms: groomed; groomed; grooming Forms: plural: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
gross
gross72.
71.
gross gross
v. to make or earn a total of (before taxes and other adj. inclusive; complete; total; general; without deductions
expenses)

Forms: grossed; grossed; grossing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
grow
gross74.
73.
gross grow
n. 12 dozen; 144 v. to become larger; to cultivate; to be changed; to turn
into

Forms: plural: grosses Forms: grew; grown; growing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
guarantee
growth76.
75.
growth guarantee
n. development; progress v. to vouch for; to give a warranty; to assure; to promise

Forms: no plural Forms: guaranteed; guaranteed; guaranteeing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
guess
guarantee78.
77.
guarantee guess
n. security; warranty; pledge; assurance v. to suppose; to hypothesize; to conjecture

Forms: plural: guarantees Forms: guessed; guessed; guessing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
guide
guess80.
79.
guess guide
n. conjecture; supposition; hypothesis v. to direct; to lead; to instruct

Forms: plural: guesses Forms: guided; guided; guiding
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
guideline
guide82.
81.
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guide guideline
n. instructor; director; escort; leader; manual; handbook n. instructions; manual; handbook; indication of
acceptable conduct or procedure

Forms: plural: guides Forms: plural: guidelines
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guilty
guilt84.
83.
guilt guilty
n. state of having committed a crime or offense; adj. deserving of punishment; responsible
culpability; feeling of having done something wrong

Forms: plural: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
gymnasium
85.
gymnasium
n. building for indoor sports and exercise; fitness center

Forms: plural: gymnasiums
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HTML
H.R.2.
H1.
H.R. HTML
abbr. manpower; personnel; human work force; human abbr. language used to write pages and sites for the
labor; staff Internet

Forms: Human Resources (HR) Forms: hypertext markup language
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
hallmark
habit4.
3.
habit hallmark
n. custom; something that one is used to doing; part of a n. identifying characteristic
routine; behavior pattern

Forms: plural: habits Forms: plural: hallmarks
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
halt
halt6.
5.
halt halt
n. temporary stop; standstill; break or pause in a march v. to stop; to cause to stop; to pause; to hesitate; to be
or journey uncertain

Forms: plural: halts Forms: halted; halted; halting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
handle
handbook8.
7.
handbook handle
n. manual; guide; guideline; document containing n. part of an object designed to be gripped by the hand;
instructions fist name; nickname; code name; title

Forms: plural: handbooks Forms: plural: handles
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
handling
handle10.
9.
handle handling
v. to manage; to process; to deal in; to do business with; n. care; treatment; procedure; system; touch
to treat

Forms: handled; handled; handling Forms: plural: handlings
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
hard
hard12.
11.
hard hard
adj. difficult; complicated; rigid; stiff adv. strenuously; with great effort; to the full extent;
intently; to the extreme limit
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
harmonize
harmful14.
13.
harmful harmonize
adj. injurious; causing damage v. to agree; to reconcile; to be in concert with

Forms: harmonized; harmonized; harmonizing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
harness
harmony16.
15.
harmony harness
n. unity; agreement; accord; pleasing balance; symmetry n. straps and other parts by which a draft animal is
attached to a vehicle

Forms: plural: harmonies Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
harvest
harness18.
17.
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harness harvest
v. to use; to apply; to employ; to control; to channel n. reaping; gathering in of crops; outcome; product

Forms: harnessed; harnessed; harnessing Forms: plural: harvests
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hazard
harvest20.
19.
harvest hazard
v. to reap; to gather in ripe crops; to catch; to gather n. danger; risk; game of chance

Forms: harvested; harvested; harvesting Forms: plural: hazards
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
hazardous
hazard22.
21.
hazard hazardous
v. to endanger; to imperil; to dare; to venture adj. dangerous; risky; perilous

Forms: hazarded; hazarded; hazarding
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
haze
haze24.
23.
haze haze
n. fog; mist; obscurity; vagueness v. to treat someone new in a humiliating manner; to
harass; to humiliate

Forms: plural: hazes Forms: hazed; hazed; hazing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
head
head26.
25.
head head
adj. chief; leading; main; principal n. mind; understanding; leader; person in authority; top

Forms: plural: heads
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
headquarter
head28.
27.
head headquarter
v. to lead; to be in charge; to direct; to be at the front; to v. to set up a center of operations; to be set up in a
go in a certain direction center of operations

Forms: headed; headed; heading Forms: headquartered; headquartered; headquartering
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
headway
headquarters30.
29.
headquarters headway
n. main office; central office of a company; center of n. progress; advance
operation

Forms: only plural Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
healthy
health32.
31.
health healthy
n. physical or mental well-being; freedom from disease adj. well; not sick; fit; sound

Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
hem
helicopter34.
33.
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helicopter hem
n. aircraft which flies by means of horizontally rotating n. folded and stitched down edge of cloth; edge of a
blades garment

Forms: plural: helicopters Forms: plural: hems
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hesitate
hem36.
35.
hem hesitate
v. to surround; to enclose; to hesitate; to falter in v. to waver; to be uncertain; to vacillate; to falter; to be
speaking indecisive

Forms: hemmed; hemmed; hemming Forms: hesitated; hesitated; hesitating
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
hidden
hesitation38.
37.
hesitation hidden
n. pausing; stammering; faltering adj. concealed; secret; not to be seen; ulterior

Forms: plural: hesitations
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
hire
hide40.
39.
hide hire
v. to conceal; to cover up; to keep secret; to place out of n. wages; rent; rental; charge; fee
sight

Forms: hid; hidden; hiding Forms: plural: hires
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
hit
hire42.
41.
hire hit
v. to lease; to rent; to employ n. stroke; blow; collision; success; popular event or
production

Forms: hired; hired; hiring Forms: plural: hits
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
homebound
hit44.
43.
hit homebound
v. to strike; to beat; to reach; to find; to collide adj. confined usually by illness

Forms: hit; hit; hitting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
honesty
honest46.
45.
honest honesty
adj. truthful; candid; frank n. truthfulness; sincerity; integrity; frankness

Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
honor
honor48.
47.
honor honor
n. esteem; respect; integrity; honesty; award; privilege v. to respect; to esteem; to pay tribute; to praise; to
accept

Forms: plural: honors Forms: honored; honored; honoring
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
hospital
horrible50.
49.
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horrible hospital
adj. terrible; awful; disgusting n. location where sick and injured people receive medical
treatment

Forms: plural: hospitals
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host
host52.
51.
host host
n. person who receives guests; large number; multitude v. to act as master of ceremonies; to receive guests into
(of people or things) one's home; to give a party

Forms: plural: hosts Forms: hosted; hosted; hosting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
house
hourly54.
53.
hourly house
adj. continual adj. pertaining to accommodations; domesticated
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
house
house56.
55.
house house
n. building used for a particular purpose; business; v. to accommodate someone; to stay; to reside; to dwell;
audience; legislative body to store; to shelter

Forms: plural: houses Forms: housed; housed; housing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
however
housing58.
57.
housing however
n. lodging; dwelling adv. in any event; anyway

Forms: plural: housing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
hr
however60.
59.
however hr
conj. in what way? abbr. period of 60 minutes

Forms: hour
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
hurry
humidity62.
61.
humidity hurry
n. dampness; moistness; mugginess v. to make haste; to rush; to urge; to prod; to dash

Forms: no plural Forms: hurried; hurried; hurrying
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
hyphen
hurry64.
63.
hurry hyphen
n. rush; haste; urgency n. short dash; short line used to connect or separate
words or syllables (-)

Forms: no plural Forms: plural: hyphens
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I.P.O.
I.O.U.2.
I1.
I.O.U. I.P.O.
abbr. signed note acknowledging a debt abbr. first offering to the public of a company's shares on
the stock market

Forms: I owe you (IOU) Forms: Initial Public Offering (IPO)
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
i.e.
Inc.4.
3.
Inc. i.e.
abbr. legally established as a corporation abbr. that is to say (Latin); for example; for instance

Forms: incorporated Forms: id est (i.e.)
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
ideal
idea6.
5.
idea ideal
n. concept; thought; opinion; intention; plan adj. perfect; imaginary; excellent; best; exemplary

Forms: plural: ideas
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
idealize
ideal8.
7.
ideal idealize
n. standard of perfection; pattern; model; person or thing v. to represent as the embodiment of perfection
that embodies a standard of perfection

Forms: plural: ideals Forms: idealized; idealized; idealizing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
identify
identification10.
9.
identification identify
n. verification of a person or thing; recognition v. to recognize; to show to be the same; to sympathize; to
relate

Forms: plural: identifications Forms: identified; identified; identifying
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
idle
idle12.
11.
idle idle
adj. lazy; vain; unoccupied; unemployed v. to lounge; to do nothing; to laze around

Forms: idled; idled; idling
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
ignore
ignorance14.
13.
ignorance ignore
n. lack of knowledge; illiteracy; lack of education; state of v. to disregard; to overlook; to refuse to recognize; to
being uninformed reject

Forms: no plural Forms: ignored; ignored; ignoring
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
ill
ill16.
15.
ill ill
adj. sick; bad; unfriendly; unsatisfactory; inadequate; adv. with difficulty; barely; scarcely; poorly; improperly
inferior
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
illustrate
ill18.
17.
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ill illustrate
n. trouble; misfortune; evil; harm; disease; sickness v. to exemplify; to clarify; to explain; to depict; to elucidate

Forms: plural: ills Forms: illustrated; illustrated; illustrating
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
image
illustration20.
19.
illustration image
n. picture in a book or other work; explanation; v. to draw a likeness; to describe; to reflect; to picture in
clarification the mind

Forms: plural: illustrations Forms: imaged; imaged; imaging
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
imaginary
image22.
21.
image imaginary
n. figure; form; reflection; picture; likeness; embodiment adj. not real; fanciful

Forms: plural: images
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
imagine
imagination24.
23.
imagination imagine
n. ability of the mind to create mental pictures which do v. to envision; to fantasize; to visualize; to think; to
not exist in reality assume

Forms: plural: imaginations Forms: imagined; imagined; imagining
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
imagining
imaging26.
25.
imaging imagining
n. forming of mental pictures to control bodily processes n. fantasizing; visualizing

Forms: no plural Forms: plural: imaginings
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
immediately
immediate28.
27.
immediate immediately
adj. instantaneous; prompt; direct; close conj. as soon as
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
impact
immediately30.
29.
immediately impact
adj. right away; shortly; at once; without delay v. to influence; to affect strongly; to collide; to squeeze in

Forms: impacted; impacted; impacting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
impatient
impact32.
31.
impact impatient
n. influence; effect; colliding of two bodies; touch adj. unable to wait; intolerant; restless

Forms: plural: impacts
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
imperative
impede34.
33.
impede imperative
v. to delay; to obstruct; to hinder; to prevent; to thwart adj. necessary; obligatory; commanding

Forms: impeded; impeded; impeding
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
implement
imperative36.
35.
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imperative implement
n. necessity; obligation; command; order v. to perform; to put into effect; to carry out; to execute; to
realize

Forms: plural: imperatives Forms: implemented; implemented; implementing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
implementation
implement38.
37.
implement implementation
n. tool; instrument; piece of equipment n. realization; carrying out; performing; putting into effect;
execution

Forms: plural: implements Forms: plural: implementations
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
imply
implication40.
39.
implication imply
n. consequence; outcome; result; indirect suggestion; v. to suggest indirectly; to hint; to infer; to mean; to import
connotation; hint

Forms: plural: implications Forms: implied; implied; implying
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
import
import42.
41.
import import
v. to bring from another place; to bring goods from a n. brining in of goods from another country; opposite of
foreign country; to signify; to imply export; meaning; significance

Forms: imported; imported; importing Forms: plural: imports
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
impose
important44.
43.
important impose
adj. significant; influential; essential; crucial; critical v. to require; to compel; to force upon; to enforce; to
institute

Forms: imposed; imposed; imposing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
impress
impossible46.
45.
impossible impress
adj. unbearable; cannot be done; cannot be endured v. to affect strongly; to emphasize; to stamp

Forms: impressed; impressed; impressing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
impressive
impression48.
47.
impression impressive
n. strong feeling or idea left by an experience; effect; adj. grand; magnificent; striking
vague memory

Forms: plural: impressions
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
improvement
improve50.
49.
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improve improvement
v. to make better; to increase in quality; to enhance; to n. something which enhances or improves; addition or
develop change which adds value to something

Forms: improved; improved; improving Forms: plural: improvements
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
inalienable
impulse52.
51.
impulse inalienable
n. instinctual urge; sudden desire; whim; wave of energy adj. non-transferable
sent via a nerve

Forms: plural: impulses
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
inbound
inanimate54.
53.
inanimate inbound
adj. lifeless; spiritless adj. traveling in an inward direction
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
incentive
incentive56.
55.
incentive incentive
adj. provocative; stimulating; encouraging n. stimulus; inducement; enticement; encouragement

Forms: plural: incentives
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
incline
incinerator58.
57.
incinerator incline
n. furnace which burns things to ashes v. to slope; to bend; to bow; to slant; to influence

Forms: plural: incinerators Forms: inclined; inclined; inclining
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
include
incline60.
59.
incline include
n. slope; grade; slant v. to comprise; to contain; to embrace

Forms: plural: inclines Forms: included; included; including
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
inclusive
including62.
61.
including inclusive
adj. comprising; containing; embracing adj. containing; comprehensive; all-embracing; extensive;
taking in
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
inconvenience
income64.
63.
income inconvenience
n. amount of money received in payment for goods or v. to cause discomfort; to trouble; to put out; to disturb
services or from other sources; revenue; profits

Forms: plural: incomes Forms: inconvenienced; inconvenienced;
inconveniencing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
incorrect
inconvenience66.
65.
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inconvenience incorrect
n. bother; disturbance; nuisance; discomfort adj. wrong; erroneous; imprecise; unseemly; improper

Forms: plural: inconveniences
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
increase
increase68.
67.
increase increase
v. to enlarge; to add to; to multiply; to raise; to intensify n. growth; expansion; addition; enlargement; escalation

Forms: increased; increased; increasing Forms: plural: increases
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
incumbent
incredible70.
69.
incredible incumbent
adj. unbelievable; inconceivable; fabulous; great; adj. presently holding an office or position; compulsory;
amazing necessary; resting; lying
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
incur
incumbent72.
71.
incumbent incur
n. person who currently holds an office or position v. to meet with; to bring upon oneself; to acquire

Forms: plural: incumbents Forms: incurred; incurred; incurring
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
independent
independent74.
73.
independent independent
adj. free; autonomous; sovereign; self-reliant; self- n. person who does not belong to any political party
sufficient

Forms: plural: independents
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
index
index76.
75.
index index
v. to register; to adjust prices or salaries in accordance n. list of subjects or other information arranged in
with changes in economic indicators alphabetical order; indicator; sign

Forms: indexed; indexed; indexing Forms: plural: indexes
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
indoor
indicate78.
77.
indicate indoor
v. to show; to point out; to mark; to signify; to imply; to adj. occurring within a building; meant to be used inside
exhibit

Forms: indicated; indicated; indicating
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
indulge
induce80.
79.
induce indulge
v. to cause; to bring about; to set in motion; to influence v. to give in to desire; to yield to; to satisfy; to spoil; to
humor

Forms: induced; induced; inducing Forms: indulged; indulged; indulging
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
industrialize
indulgence82.
81.
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indulgence industrialize
n. act of giving in to desire; something which gratifies; v. to innovate and develop production
luxury; leniency

Forms: plural: indulgences Forms: industrialized; industrialized; industrializing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
infancy
industry84.
83.
industry infancy
n. manufacturing; trade; diligence; perseverance; n. beginning phase of a project; babyhood
tendency to work hard

Forms: plural: industries Forms: plural: infancies
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
infant
infant86.
85.
infant infant
adj. pertaining to a minor n. baby; very young child; toddler; tot; minor

Forms: plural: infants
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
inference
infer88.
87.
infer inference
v. to derive; to conclude; to guess; to surmise; to hint n. act of deriving; speculation; drawing of a conclusion

Forms: inferred; inferred; inferring Forms: plural: inferences
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
inflict
inflation90.
89.
inflation inflict
n. increase in the supply of money in relation to the v. to impose; to cause something unpleasant
amount of goods available resulting in a rise in prices

Forms: plural: inflations Forms: inflicted; inflicted; inflicting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
influence
influence92.
91.
influence influence
n. effect; impact; person or thing which has power to v. to affect; to impact; to impel; to control
affect others

Forms: plural: influences Forms: influenced; influenced; influencing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
inform
influx94.
93.
influx inform
n. inflow; inward flow; place where a stream flows into v. to communicate data to; to tell; to brief; to notify
another body of water

Forms: plural: influxes Forms: informed; informed; informing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
information
informal96.
95.
informal information
adj. unofficial; relaxed; casual; easy; laid-back n. knowledge; intelligence; data

Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
inhabit
ingredient98.
97.
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ingredient inhabit
n. component; element; factor; one of the substances v. to occupy; to live in; to dwell in; to reside in; to populate
which comprises a mixture

Forms: plural: ingredients Forms: inhabited; inhabited; inhabiting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
inherent
inhabitant100.
99.
inhabitant inherent
n. person who lives in a particular place; resident; tenant; adj. intrinsic; existing as a natural and integral part;
occupant natural; inborn

Forms: plural: inhabitants
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
initial
initial102.
101.
initial initial
n. beginning letter of a person's first name; first letter (as v. to sign using the first letter or letters of a name
of a word)

Forms: plural: initials Forms: initialed; initialed; initialing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
initially
initialed104.
103.
initialed initially
adj. signed with initials; marked with the first letter or adv. at first; in the first place; at the beginning
letter of a name
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
initiative
initiate106.
105.
initiate initiative
v. to set going; to launch; to begin; to start adj. beginning; introductory

Forms: initiated; initiated; initiating
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
injure
initiative108.
107.
initiative injure
n. enterprise; drive; ambition; beginning move in a v. to hurt; to wound; to insult; to offend; to damage
process; first step

Forms: plural: initiatives Forms: injured; injured; injuring
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
injury
injured110.
109.
injured injury
adj. hurt; wounded; insulted; offended; damaged n. hurt; wound; harm; damage; insult

Forms: plural: injuries
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
innocent
innocent112.
111.
innocent innocent
adj. not guilty; pure; simple; naive; unsophisticated; n. person who is free from sin or wrongdoing
harmless

Forms: plural: innocents
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
innovation
innovate114.
113.
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innovate innovation
v. to make changes; to create something new; to invent n. introduction of something new; change; new method or
practice

Forms: innovated; innovated; innovating Forms: plural: innovations
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
inquiry
innovator116.
115.
innovator inquiry
n. person who makes changes; person who introduces n. formal question; exploration; questioning; investigation
new methods or procedures; creative person

Forms: plural: innovators Forms: plural: inquiries
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
insert
insert118.
117.
insert insert
v. to place in; to put in; to add to n. something created separately for the purpose of being
added to or placed inside (a book, newspaper, etc.)

Forms: inserted; inserted; inserting Forms: plural: inserts
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
inspect
insist120.
119.
insist inspect
v. to demand; to emphasize firmly; to request firmly; to v. to check; to look over carefully and critically; to
require; to persevere examine officially; to review

Forms: insisted; insisted; insisting Forms: inspected; inspect; inspecting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
inspector
inspection122.
121.
inspection inspector
n. act of looking over carefully and critically; official n. person whose job it is to supervise and examine;
examination; audit; review police officer ranking below a superintendent

Forms: plural: inspections Forms: plural: inspectors
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
inspire
inspiration124.
123.
inspiration inspire
n. stimulus; motivation; revelation; insight; idea v. to motivate; to stimulate; to provoke; to influence; to
encourage

Forms: plural: inspiration Forms: inspired; inspired; inspiring
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
install
inspiring126.
125.
inspiring install
adj. motivating; stimulating; encouraging; provoking; v. to set up for use; to put in (i.e. machinery); to establish
inhaling in an office or position

Forms: installed; installed; installing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
instance
instalment128.
127.
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instalment instance
n. one of several separate payments into which a debt v. to refer to a case or occurrence to explain or prove a
has been divided point; to cite; to mention

Forms: plural: instalments Forms: instanced; instanced; instancing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
instant
instance130.
129.
instance instant
n. occurrence; occasion; example; illustration adj. immediate; quick; urgent; pressing; present; current

Forms: plural: instances
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
instantaneously
instant132.
131.
instant instantaneously
n. moment; very short space of time; current month adv. immediately; momentarily

Forms: plural: instants
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
instinctively
instead134.
133.
instead instinctively
adv. in place of; as a replacement adv. naturally; spontaneously; intuitively; automatically
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
institute
institute136.
135.
institute institute
v. to establish; to set up; to begin; to initiate; to start n. foundation; organization which provides a certain
service or supports a particular cause

Forms: instituted; instituted; instituting Forms: plural: institutes
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
instruct
institution138.
137.
institution instruct
n. organization; custom; convention; law or activity which v. to inform; to direct; to guide; to command; to order; to
is accepted in a society educate

Forms: plural: institutions Forms: instructed; instructed; instructing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
instructor
instruction140.
139.
instruction instructor
n. teaching; direction; guidance; training; education; n. educator; teacher; trainer
information

Forms: plural: instructions Forms: plural: instructors
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
instrument
instrument142.
141.
instrument instrument
v. to equip with devices for measuring, recording, or n. tool; implement; device; appliance; agent; means
controlling

Forms: instrumented; instrumented; instrumenting Forms: plural: instruments
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
insult
insulate144.
143.
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insulate insult
v. to separate from others; to segregate n. affront; offense; rude remark or action

Forms: insulated; insulated; insulating Forms: plural: insults
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
insurance
insult146.
145.
insult insurance
v. to speak or act in a rude or contemptuous manner; to n. contract by which property or persons are guaranteed
offend; to affront against damage or loss

Forms: insulted; insulted; insulting Forms: plural: insurance
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
integrity
insure148.
147.
insure integrity
v. to provide a guarantee against possible damage or n. honesty; uprightness; morality; wholeness; unity
loss; to make certain

Forms: insured; insured; insuring Forms: plural: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
intend
intelligence150.
149.
intelligence intend
n. ability to reason and understand; cleverness; brilliance; v. to plan; to mean; to have in mind do or accomplish; to
information designate for a particular purpose

Forms: plural: no plural Forms: intended; intended; intending
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
intensify
intense152.
151.
intense intensify
adj. extreme; great; powerful; strong; profound v. to increase; to strengthen; to heighten

Forms: intensified; intensified; intensifying
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
intensive
intensity154.
153.
intensity intensive
n. strength; energy; extreme degree; depth; clarity adj. characterized by a high degree; highly concentrated

Forms: plural: intensities
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
intent
intent156.
155.
intent intent
n. plan; goal; aim; objective; meaning adj. concentrated; focused; determined; resolute;
purposeful

Forms: plural: intents
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
interchangeable
intention158.
157.
intention interchangeable
n. plan; aim; goal; purpose adj. can be traded; can be substituted by something else

Forms: plural: intentions
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
interest
interest160.
159.
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interest interest
n. concern; affair; percentage on a loan which is paid v. to cause to become involved in; to arouse curiosity
over time

Forms: plural: interests Forms: interested; interested; interesting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
interim
interfere162.
161.
interfere interim
v. to impede; to obstruct; to hinder; to meddle adj. temporary; provisional

Forms: interfered; interfered; interfering
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
interim
interim164.
163.
interim interim
adv. meanwhile; in the meantime n. temporary arrangement; in between period

Forms: plural: interims
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
interior
interior166.
165.
interior interior
n. inside a building; inland section of a country adj. inner; inside; inland; of a country's domestic affairs;
of an individual's inner life

Forms: plural: interiors
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
intermittent
interject168.
167.
interject intermittent
v. to place between other things; to throw into the center adj. not continuous; sporadic; fitful; alternately stopping
of and starting

Forms: plural: interjected; interjected; interjecting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
internal
internal170.
169.
internal internal
n. inner quality; intrinsic characteristic adj. inner; inside; located within; of a country's domestic
affairs

Forms: plural: internals
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
internationalize
international172.
171.
international internationalize
adj. between countries; of relations between two or more v. to globalize; to make worldwide
countries

Forms: internationalized; internationalized;
internationalizing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
interpreter
interpret174.
173.
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interpret interpreter
v. to explain; to clarify; to elucidate; to understand or n. person who translates from one language to another
explain in a particular way (orally); person how clarifies; commentator

Forms: interpreted; interpreted; interpreting Forms: plural: interpreters
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
interruption
interrupt176.
175.
interrupt interruption
v. to stop; to discontinue; to disturb; to bring a n. disturbance; discontinuance; stoppage; cutting-off
conversation to a halt

Forms: interrupted; interrupted; interrupting Forms: plural: interruptions
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
interview
interview178.
177.
interview interview
n. meeting at which a person is evaluated through v. to question formally; to evaluate through questioning
questioning (as for a job)

Forms: plural: interviews Forms: interviewed; interviewed; interviewing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
interviewer
interviewee180.
179.
interviewee interviewer
n. person who is being asked questions; job candidate n. person who ask questions (i.e. reporter or employer)

Forms: plural: interviewees Forms: plural: interviewers
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
introduce
intricate182.
181.
intricate introduce
adj. complex; complicated; involved; entangled v. to present for the first time; to initiate; to establish; to
announce

Forms: introduced; introduced; introducing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
introductory
introduction184.
183.
introduction introductory
n. act of acquainting one person with another; preface adj. preliminary; beginning

Forms: plural: introductions
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
invention
invent186.
185.
invent invention
v. to originate; to create; to design; to fabricate; to n. creativity; resourcefulness; fabrication; falsehood
concoct

Forms: invented; invented; inventing Forms: plural: inventions
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
inventor
inventive188.
187.
inventive inventor
adj. creative; new; original n. creator; designer

Forms: plural: inventors
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
inventory
inventory190.
189.
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inventory inventory
n. stock; list of assets; act of checking stock v. to make a detailed list of property; to summarize; to
sum up the worth of

Forms: plural: inventories Forms: inventoried; inventoried; inventorying
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
investment
invest192.
191.
invest investment
v. to expend money or effort for future benefits; to grant; n. expenditure of money or effort for future benefits;
to install; to cover; to authorize authorization

Forms: invested; invested; investing Forms: plural: investments
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
invisible
investor194.
193.
investor invisible
n. person who puts money into a project adj. impossible to see; imperceptible; hidden; concealed

Forms: plural: investors
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
invite
invitation196.
195.
invitation invite
n. request for one's presence; summons; call v. to request the presence of; to solicit; to attract; to
encourage; to promote

Forms: plural: invitations Forms: invited; invited; inviting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
invoice
invoice198.
197.
invoice invoice
n. bill v. to bill; to charge

Forms: plural: invoices Forms: invoiced; invoiced; invoicing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
involvement
involve200.
199.
involve involvement
v. to cause to be concerned with; to engage; to engross n. inclusion; participation; connection; association;
relation

Forms: involved; involved; involving Forms: plural: involvements
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
irritate
irrelevant202.
201.
irrelevant irritate
adj. beside the point; unconnected; impertinent; v. to annoy; to bother; to aggravate; to anger
immaterial

Forms: irritated; irritated; irritating
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
irritation
irritated204.
203.
irritated irritation
adj. annoyed; aggravated; exasperated n. something which annoys or aggravates

Forms: plural: irritations
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
issue
issue206.
205.
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issue issue
n. topic; subject; matter; question; problem; publication v. to publish; to distribute; to circulate; to emit

Forms: plural: issues Forms: issued; issued; issuing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
itemize
item208.
207.
item itemize
n. thing; object; article; news story; piece of information v. to catalog; to list; to enumerate; to set down in full
detail

Forms: plural: items Forms: itemized; itemized; itemizing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
itinerary
209.
itinerary
n. route; travel plans; travel journal

Forms: plural: itineraries
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––




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jeopardy
jeopardize2.
J1.
jeopardize jeopardy
v. to endanger; to place in danger; to imperil; to put at risk n. danger; peril; hazard; risk; endangerment

Forms: jeopardized; jeopardized; jeopardizing Forms: plural: jeopardies
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
join
jeopardy4.
3.
jeopardy join
v. to endanger; to imperil; to put at risk; to place in danger v. to attach; to connect; to unite; to combine; to become a
member

Forms: jeopardized; jeopardized; jeopardizing Forms: joined; joined; joining
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
journal
venture6.
joint
5.
joint venture journal
n. collective enterprise; group endeavor; collaboration n. newspaper; magazine; diary; blog; bookkeeping ledger

Forms: plural: joint ventures Forms: plural: journals
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
journey
journalist8.
7.
journalist journey
n. reporter; person who writes for a newspaper or n. long trip; distance; voyage
magazine; correspondent

Forms: plural: journalists Forms: plural: journeys
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
judge
journey10.
9.
journey judge
v. to travel; to take a trip n. person who presides over court trials; arbiter; expert;
critic

Forms: journeyed; journeyed; journeying Forms: plural: judges
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
junction
judge12.
11.
judge junction
v. to criticize; to assess; to determine; to rule n. intersection; crossing; connection

Forms: judged; judged; judging Forms: plural: junctions
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
justify
13.
justify
v. to vindicate; to defend; to support; to excuse

Forms: justified; justified; justifying
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––




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keep
keep2.
K1.
keep keep
n. wages; living; stronghold v. to hold onto; to save; to store; to watch over; to care for

Forms: plural: keeps Forms: kept; kept; keeping
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
key
key4.
3.
key key
n. device used to open locks; button on a board v. to fit; to adapt; to adjust; to tune; to supply with an
explanatory device

Forms: plural: keys Forms: keyed; keyed; keying
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
kind
key6.
5.
key kind
adj. important; significant; fundamental; necessary; n. type; sort; class; group of things which are classed
crucial together because of their similarities

Forms: plural: kinds
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
kindly
kind8.
7.
kind kindly
adj. gentle; good-hearted; understanding; compassionate adj. nicely; thoughtfully; graciously; considerately;
sympathetically
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
kit
kit10.
9.
kit kit
n. set; equipment; outfit; clothing; wash basin v. to equip; to outfit with supplies

Forms: plural: kits Forms: kitted; kitted; kitting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
knowledge
know12.
11.
know knowledge
v. to be acquainted with; to understand; to distinguish; to n. familiarity; understanding; wisdom; education;
be aware of awareness

Forms: knew; known; knowing Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––




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labor
Ltd.2.
L1.
Ltd. labor
abbr. firm, company that is organized in such a way as to v. to work; to toil; to exert oneself; to work hard
give its owners limited liability

Forms: Limited (Ld., ld) Forms: labored; labored; laboring
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
lack
labor4.
3.
labor lack
n. strenuous physical or mental work; toil; exertion v. to be short of; to be without; to be missing; to need; to
want

Forms: plural: labors Forms: lacked; lacked; lacking
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
landscape
lack6.
5.
lack landscape
n. need; want; shortage; absence n. view; scenery; horizontal page orientation

Forms: plural: lacks Forms: plural: landscapes
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
language
landscaper8.
7.
landscaper language
n. person who designs gardens or large areas n. spoken or written words with which people
communicate thoughts and feelings

Forms: plural: landscapers Forms: plural: languages
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
last
large10.
9.
large last
adj. big; enormous; wide; spacious; famous v. to continue; to suffice; to endure; to persist

Forms: lasted; lasted; lasting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
last
last12.
11.
last last
adj. coming after all others; most recent; final; newest adv. after all others; finally; at the end; most recently
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
lasting
last14.
13.
last lasting
n. end; conclusion; final appearance; power of adj. continuing; enduring; remaining for a long time;
endurance; vitality; unit of weight durable

Forms: plural: lasts
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
late
lasting16.
15.
lasting late
n. strong durable fabric; persistence adv. after the usual or expected time; tardily; recently; far
on time; formerly

Forms: plural: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
launch
late18.
17.
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late launch
adj. coming or occurring after the usual or expected time; v. to start; to run; to activate; to inaugurate; to break into
tardy; slow; delayed

Forms: launched; launched; launching
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
law
launch20.
19.
launch law
n. act of sending out; act of starting or initiating; n. rule enacted by a community or country; custom;
commencement; inauguration principle; convention

Forms: plural: launches Forms: plural: laws
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
lawyer
lawsuit22.
21.
lawsuit lawyer
n. case in a court of law brought by one party against n. person who represents people in a court or advises
another; legal claim them on legal matters; attorney; barrister

Forms: plural: lawsuits Forms: plural: lawyers
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
layer
off24.
lay
23.
lay off layer
v. to postpone; to dismiss from a job; to fire n. thickness of some material that covers a surface;
covering; bed; stratum

Forms: laid off; laid off; laying off Forms: plural: layers
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
layout
layman26.
25.
layman layout
n. unexperienced person n. arrangement; plan; sketch; drawing; something which
has been arranged

Forms: plural: laymen Forms: plural: layouts
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
lead
lb28.
27.
lb lead
abbr. pound; unit of weight in ancient Rome equaling v. to conduct; to guide; to direct; to influence
approximately 12 ounces

Forms: libra (lb.) Forms: led; led; leading
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
lead
lead30.
29.
lead lead
adj. most important; main; first; opening; beginning n. guidance; advance position; first place; guide

Forms: plural: leads
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
leaflet
leader32.
31.
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leader leaflet
n. head; chief; director; carrier; main article n. sheet of paper on which information has been printed;
flyer

Forms: plural: leaders Forms: plural: leaflets
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
lease
leakage34.
33.
leakage lease
n. something which escapes or passes through a hole or v. to rent out property for a specific period of time; to let
opening (i.e. liquid, gas, etc.)

Forms: plural: leakages Forms: leased; leased; leasing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
least
lease36.
35.
lease least
n. a contract granting use or occupation of property adj. smallest in size; smallest in amount; lowest in
during a specified time for a specified payment importance

Forms: plural: leases
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
least
least38.
37.
least least
adv. to the smallest extent possible n. something which is smallest in size or importance

Forms: plural: leasts
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
leave
leather40.
39.
leather leave
n. tanned and preserved animal skin; item made of v. to depart; to exit; to quit; to omit; to let alone
animal skin

Forms: plural: leathers Forms: left; left; leaving
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
lecture
leave42.
41.
leave lecture
n. vacation; time off; permission to be absent; departure; v. to deliver a discourse before an audience; to reprimand
farewell tediously

Forms: plural: leaves Forms: lectured; lectured; lecturing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
legacy
lecture44.
43.
lecture legacy
n. discourse given before an audience; tedious n. inheritance; bequest; something handed down from
reprimand; formal reproof one's ancestors

Forms: plural: lectures Forms: plural: legacies
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
legitimate
legal46.
45.
legal legitimate
adj. of or pertaining to the law; allowed by law adj. lawful; acceptable; justified; authorized
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
leisure
legitimate48.
47.
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legitimate leisure
v. to make valid; to make lawful; to justify; to make n. time free from work other demands and duties; free
permissible time; rest; recreation

Forms: legitimated; legitimated; legitimating Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
lesson
lend50.
49.
lend lesson
v. to give on a temporary basis; to give money as a loan; v. to instruct; to teach; to scold; to reprove; to rebuke
to donate

Forms: lent; lent; lending Forms: lessoned; lessoned; lessoning
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
letter
lesson52.
51.
lesson letter
n. exercise; assignment given to a student; something to n. character which is part of an alphabet; written
be studied and learned communication sent to a person or organization

Forms: plural: lessons Forms: plural: letters
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
level
letterhead54.
53.
letterhead level
n. line printed at the top of a piece of stationary v. to straighten; to flatten; to make even; to equalize

Forms: plural: letterheads Forms: leveled; leveled; leveling
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
level
level56.
55.
level level
adj. straight; equal; even; honest n. degree; rank; height; plane; flat horizontal plain

Forms: plural: levels
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
leverage
lever58.
57.
lever leverage
n. a simple machine that gives a mechanical advantage v. to use one's influence to affect people or
when given a fulcrum circumstances

Forms: plural: levers Forms: leveraged; leveraged; leveraging
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
levy
leverage60.
59.
leverage levy
n. influence; ability to affect or alter people or v. to impose a tax or fine; to conscript troops
circumstance

Forms: no plural Forms: levied; levied; levying
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
liability
levy62.
61.
levy liability
n. a charge imposed and collected n. financial obligation; debt; responsibility; obligation

Forms: plural: levies Forms: plural: liabilities
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
liberal
liable64.
63.
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liable liberal
adj. under legal obligation; responsible; prone adj. in favor of reform; supporting a progressive
philosophy; tolerant; open-minded
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
library
liberal66.
65.
liberal library
n. person who favors political and social reform n. place where one can borrow books

Forms: plural: liberals Forms: plural: libraries
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
license
license68.
67.
license license
v. to grant a permit; to authorize; to permit; to allow n. permit; official permission; authorization; document
which shows proof of authorization; certificate

Forms: licensed; licensed; licensing Forms: plural: licenses
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
likelihood
lifestyle70.
69.
lifestyle likelihood
n. way of life n. probability; chance; feasibility; possibility

Forms: plural: lifestyles Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
likely
likely72.
71.
likely likely
adj. reasonable; probable; possible; appropriate; adv. seemingly; probably
promising
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
limit
limit74.
73.
limit limit
v. to create boundaries; to restrict; to reduce; to function n. point at which something ends; edge; border;
as a border restriction; restraint

Forms: limited; limited; limiting Forms: plural: limits
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
line
limited76.
75.
limited line
adj. confined within a boundary; restricted; narrow; v. to place in a row; to cover the inside of; to pad
mediocre

Forms: lined; lined; lining
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
link
line78.
77.
line link
n. long thin mark; row; border; domain; tactic v. to join; to connect; to associate with; to relate to

Forms: plural: lines Forms: linked; linked; linking
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
list
link80.
79.
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link list
n. connection; relation; association; one ring of a chain; v. to write or print a series of names or items according to
ring a certain order; to inscribe; to record

Forms: plural: links Forms: listed; listed; listing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
litter
list82.
81.
list litter
n. roll; roster; inventory; strip; band v. to toss or dump garbage in an unauthorized place; to
scatter objects in disorder

Forms: plural: lists Forms: littered; littered; littering
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
load
litter84.
83.
litter load
n. refuse; trash; disorder v. to fill; to pack (with goods, cargo, etc.)

Forms: plural: litters Forms: loaded; loaded; loading
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
loan
load86.
85.
load loan
n. something carried; cargo; burden; unit of measure or v. to lend a sum of money for a period of time; to give
weight; capacity temporarily

Forms: plural: loads Forms: loaned; loaned; loaning
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
local
loan88.
87.
loan local
n. amount of money that has been borrowed; something adj. characterized; by or occupying a particular place
borrowed; act of giving temporarily

Forms: plural: loans
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
locate
local90.
89.
local locate
n. person who is native to or resides in a particular area v. to situate; to place; to identify; to find; to settle

Forms: plural: locals Forms: located; located; locating
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
location
located92.
91.
located location
adj. situated; placed; identified; found; existing; standing n. place; position; situation; site; spot

Forms: plural: locations
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
lock
lock94.
93.
lock lock
v. to fix in place; to link firmly together; to be held in place n. fastening mechanism which is opened with a key or
other device

Forms: locked; locked; locking Forms: plural: locks
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
logistics
locksmith96.
95.
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locksmith logistics
n. person who who makes and fixes keys and fasting n. planning and execution; management of a business or
mechanisms other operation

Forms: plural: locksmiths Forms: only plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
to
forward
look
logo98.
97.
logo look forward to
n. graphic symbol which represents a company or v. to anticipate gladly
organization

Forms: plural: logos Forms: looked forward to; looked forward to; looking
forward to
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
over
look
into100.
look
99.
look into look over
v. to investigate v. to examine

Forms: looked into; looked into; looking into Forms: looked over; looked over; looking over
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
loom
loom102.
101.
loom loom
v. to appear as a large and indistinct form; to appear as n. apparatus on which fabrics are woven; weaving
larger than life; to impend machine

Forms: loomed; loomed; looming Forms: plural: looms
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
loop
loop104.
103.
loop loop
v. to make circular shape n. fastener consisting of a metal ring for lining a small
hole to permit the attachment of cords or lines

Forms: looped; looped; looping Forms: plural: loops
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
loss
lose106.
105.
lose loss
v. to misplace; to be deprived of; to be defeated; to fail; n. opposite of profit; deprivation; defeat; destruction
opposite of to win

Forms: lost; lost; losing Forms: plural: losses
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
lounge
lounge108.
107.
lounge lounge
v. to lie down; to recline; to move in a relaxed manner; to n. sofa; couch; lobby; slow walk; stroll
walk lazily

Forms: lounged; lounged; lounging Forms: plural: lounges
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
loyalty
loyal110.
109.
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loyal loyalty
adj. faithful; true to one's obligations n. faithfulness; devotion; constancy

Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
lucrative
lucid112.
111.
lucid lucrative
adj. comprehensible; intelligible; rational; transparent; adj. profitable; yielding monetary rewards; gainful
bright
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
lumber
luggage114.
113.
luggage lumber
n. suitcases; cases and bags carried by travelers n. trees that have been sawed into rough planks; useless
items that been put in storage

Forms: no plural Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
luncheon
lumber116.
115.
lumber luncheon
v. to move heavily or awkwardly; to accumulate; to collect n. afternoon party where a light meal is served

Forms: lumbered; lumbered; lumbering Forms: plural: luncheons
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––




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machine
machine2.
M1.
machine machine
n. device made up of interconnected parts that work v. to produce via mechanical means
together to perform a given task or function

Forms: plural: machines Forms: machined; machined; machining
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
mail
magnificent4.
3.
magnificent mail
adj. splendid; majestic; superb; glorious; impressive n. postal service; letters and other items that are sent via
the postal service

Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
mailing
mail6.
5.
mail mailing
v. to send a letter or other item via the postal service; to n. large batch of letters sent at one time by a single
post sender; rented property

Forms: mailed; mailed; mailing Forms: plural: mailings
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
main
main8.
7.
main main
n. principal pipe or duct in a system; chief part of adj. principal; head; chief
something; strength or force; high sea

Forms: plural: mains
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
maintain
mainframe10.
9.
mainframe maintain
n. computer which can serve many users simultaneously v. to keep in existence; to preserve; to support; to provide
for

Forms: plural: mainframes Forms: maintained; maintained; maintaining
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
major
maintenance12.
11.
maintenance major
n. upkeep; repairs; livelihood; means of support n. military rank above captain; main subject of study
chosen by a college or university student

Forms: no plural Forms: plural: majors
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
major
major14.
13.
major major
v. to specialize in a certain field adj. more important than others; great; serious

Forms: majored; majored; majoring
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
mall
majority16.
15.
majority mall
n. greater number or part; number greater than half of the n. shopping center; pedestrian walkway; promenade
total

Forms: plural: majorities Forms: plural: malls
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
management
manage18.
17.
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manage management
v. to administer; to direct; to supervise; to accomplish; to n. person of group of people that runs and administers a
handle business or other enterprise

Forms: managed; managed; managing Forms: plural: managements
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
managerial
manager20.
19.
manager managerial
n. person who runs a company; director; administrator; adj. relating to supervision and responsibility
supervisor

Forms: plural: managers
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
mandate
mandate22.
21.
mandate mandate
n. command; order; authorization granted from one body v. to issue a command; to make an official order
to a subordinate body

Forms: plural: mandates Forms: mandated; mandated; mandating
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
manual
manner24.
23.
manner manual
n. mode; fashion; style; behavior; way; type n. instructional booklet; handbook

Forms: plural: manners Forms: plural: manuals
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
manually
manual26.
25.
manual manually
adj. physical; done using human skill or force adv. by hand; physically
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
manufacture
manufacture28.
27.
manufacture manufacture
n. product made by hand or by machine v. to make by machine; to produce; to fabricate; to invent

Forms: plural: manufactures Forms: manufactured; manufactured; manufacturing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
margin
margin30.
29.
margin margin
n. profit from the difference between costs and net sales v. to set apart an additional amount of space or money
for security

Forms: plural: margins Forms: margined; margined; margining
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
mark
mark32.
31.
mark mark
n. sign; indication; symbol; grade; trace v. to indicate; to signal; to write down; to record; to notice

Forms: plural: marks Forms: marked; marked; marking
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
market
market34.
33.
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market market
n. demand for goods or services; rate of purchase and v. to sell; to trade or deal; to distribute; to promote
sale; fair

Forms: plural: markets Forms: marketed; marketed; marketing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
match
match36.
35.
match match
n. competition; equal opponent; partner; counterweight; v. to be compatible; to be suitable; to be an equal
game competitor; to compare

Forms: plural: matches Forms: matched; matched; matching
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
matter
maternal38.
37.
maternal matter
adj. motherly; related through a mother; relating to or n. issue; affair; question; problem; substance of a
characteristic of a mother or motherhood particular composition and consistency

Forms: plural: matters
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
maximum
maximum40.
39.
maximum maximum
n. greatest quantity or amount possible; highest capacity adj. greatest; most; utmost; highest

Forms: plural: maximums
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
mean
mayor42.
41.
mayor mean
n. elected official acting as executive head of a town or n. midpoint; middle; equally far from two extremes;
city average

Forms: plural: mayors Forms: plural: means
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
mean
mean44.
43.
mean mean
v. to signify; to be significant; to intend; to indicate adj. average; middle; unkind; base; inferior

Forms: meant; meant; meaning
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
meaning
meaning46.
45.
meaning meaning
n. definition; significance; intention; explanation adj. significant; important

Forms: plural: meanings
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
measurable
means48.
47.
means measurable
n. method; way; medium; resources; funds adj. estimable; determinable; assessable

Forms: only plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
measure
measure50.
49.
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measure measure
n. action; step; criterion; amount; degree; extent v. to gauge; to quantify; to assess; to evaluate; to
estimate

Forms: plural: measures Forms: measured; measured; measuring
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
medicine
measurement52.
51.
measurement medicine
n. calculation of size or extent; assessment of capacity or n. art and science of disease treatment and health
dimension maintenance; remedy; drug

Forms: plural: measurements Forms: plural: medicines
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
medium
mediocre54.
53.
mediocre medium
adj. regular; ordinary; low-grade; poor n. means of expression; channel of communication;
middle man; intermediary; broker

Forms: plural: media
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
membership
member56.
55.
member membership
n. person who belongs to an organization or group; part; n. state of belonging to an organization or group;
organ fellowship

Forms: plural: members Forms: plural: memberships
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
mend
memo58.
57.
memo mend
n. reminder; internal document n. reform; repair; act of repairing; state of healing or
improvement

Forms: plural: memos Forms: plural: mends
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
mental
mend60.
59.
mend mental
v. to repair; to improve; to be improved adj. of or relating to the mind; intellectual; psychosocial

Forms: mended; mended; mending
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
mention
mention62.
61.
mention mention
n. direct or incidental reference; recognition of an v. to remind of; to state; to refer to; to hint at; to indicate
achievement

Forms: plural: mentions Forms: mentioned; mentioned; mentioning
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
menu
mentor64.
63.
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mentor menu
n. adviser; counselor; person who guides and teaches; n. list of choices; list of commands or options which may
spiritual instructor be selected

Forms: plural: mentors Forms: plural: menus
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
merchandise
merchandise66.
65.
merchandise merchandise
n. goods; ware; stock; articles or items to be sold v. to trade; to plan for and promote for sales of; to market
goods

Forms: no plural Forms: merchandised; merchandised; merchandising
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
merger
merge68.
67.
merge merger
v. to blend; to be blended; to combine or unite into a n. fusion; agglomeration
single body; to be assimilated

Forms: merged; merged; merging Forms: plural: mergers
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
messenger
message70.
69.
message messenger
n. communication; information; announcement; note; n. person employed to deliver official dispatches or go on
memo; intimation special errands

Forms: plural: messages Forms: plural: messengers
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
method
meter72.
71.
meter method
n. instrument that automatically measures quantities of n. procedure; plan of action; way; manner in which one
substances (gas, water or electricity) conducts business; technique

Forms: plural: meters Forms: plural: methods
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
metropolitan
meticulous74.
73.
meticulous metropolitan
adj. pedantic; cautious concerning minute details; n. resident of a capital city; sophisticated big-city person
scrupulous

Forms: plural: metropolitans
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
mid-range
metropolitan76.
75.
metropolitan mid-range
adj. characteristic of a capital city; sophisticated n. pertaining to a value that is approximately in the middle
of a series of values

Forms: plural: mid-ranges
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
midmorning
midday78.
77.
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midday midmorning
n. noon; 12 a.m. n. before noon

Forms: plural: middays Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
might
might80.
79.
might might
n. strength; power; force; bravery v. can; to allow; to be possible; to wish

Forms: plural: mights Forms: could; might have
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
mind
millennium82.
81.
millennium mind
n. unit of time equal to one thousand years; thousandth n. brain; memory; recollection; opinion; intention; desire
year anniversary

Forms: plural: millenniums Forms: plural: minds
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
minimum
mind84.
83.
mind minimum
v. to pay attention to; to supervise; to regret; to oppose; n. least possible amount; smallest possible size; lowest
to remember; to notice degree

Forms: minded; minded; minding Forms: plural: minimums
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
minority
minimum86.
85.
minimum minority
adj. pertaining to the smallest; indicating the least n. part of a population differing in some characteristic;
state of being under legal age

Forms: plural: minorities
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
minute
minute88.
87.
minute minute
n. unit of time equal to 60 seconds; 1/60 of an hour; v. to record the proceedings of a meeting; to make a
memo; protocol; memorandum memorandum

Forms: plural: minutes Forms: minuted; minuted; minuting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
minutely
minute90.
89.
minute minutely
adj. tiny; extremely small; trivial; petty; accurate adv. meticulously; exactingly; scrupulously; diligently;
thoroughly
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
misgiving
miserably92.
91.
miserably misgiving
adv. without pleasure or happiness; wretchedly; poorly n. apprehension; worry; doubt; hesitation; reservation

Forms: plural: misgivings
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
mistake
mission94.
93.
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mission mistake
n. task; assignment; delegation; errand; religious n. blunder; fault; error
delegation

Forms: plural: missions Forms: plural: mistakes
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
mistreatment
mistake96.
95.
mistake mistreatment
v. to make an error; to be wrong; to confuse n. abuse; molestation

Forms: mistook; mistaken; mistaking Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
misunderstanding
misunderstand98.
97.
misunderstand misunderstanding
v. to interpret incorrectly; to comprehend incorrectly n. incorrect interpretation

Forms: misunderstood; misunderstood; misunderstanding Forms: plural: misunderstandings
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
mobilize
mitigate100.
99.
mitigate mobilize
v. to soften in force or severity; to lessen the impact or v. to move; to circulate; to draft; to assemble for action
intensity of; to appease (especially armed reserves)

Forms: mitigated; mitigated; mitigating Forms: mobilized; mobilized; mobilizing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
modest
moderately102.
101.
moderately modest
adv. mildly; deliberatively; in a temperate manner; not adj. humble; unpretentious; unassuming; simple; limited
excessively; reasonably
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
mollify
modification104.
103.
modification mollify
n. change; adjustment, agreement; adaptation; restriction v. to calm; to soften; to pacify; to relieve

Forms: plural: modifications Forms: mollified; mollified; mollifying
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
monetize
momentum106.
105.
momentum monetize
n. force of movement; strength or motivation derived from v. to turn into profit; to generate revenue
an initial effort

Forms: plural: monumentums Forms: monetized; monetized; monetizing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
supply
money
money108.
107.
money money supply
n. coins and paper notes which have value; currency; n. the total amount of funds in circulation in a given
medium of trade; wealth country's economy

Forms: plural: monies or moneys Forms: plural: money supplies
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
monitor
monitor110.
109.
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monitor monitor
v. to supervise; to observe; to follow up on; to check up n. supervisor; device for regulating; screen
on

Forms: monitored; monitored; monitoring Forms: plurals: masc.: monitors; fem.: monitresses or
monitrixes
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
moral
mood112.
111.
mood moral
n. state of mind; predominant emotion adj. ethical; virtuous; righteous; principled; having
integrity

Forms: plural: moods
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
mortgage
moral114.
113.
moral mortgage
n. ethic; lesson; principle v. to sign over property to a creditor as security for money
that is owed; to obligate

Forms: plural: morals Forms: mortgaged; mortgaged; mortgaging
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
motivate
mortgage116.
115.
mortgage motivate
n. conditional conveyance of property as for security on a v. to prompt; to spur; to provide inspiration; to stir to
loan; pledging; lien action; to induce

Forms: plural: mortgages Forms: motivated; motivated; motivating
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
motive
motivation118.
117.
motivation motive
n. incentive; drive; inspiration; state of being stirred to adj. of reason or cause; inspiring to action
action

Forms: plural: motivations
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
move
motive120.
119.
motive move
n. something that causes a person to act; cause; v. to act on; to transfer from one place to another; to
incentive; purpose; intention change residence

Forms: plural: motives Forms: moved; moved; moving
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
mth.
move122.
121.
move mth.
n. change of residence; action; turn in a game; formal abbr. period of about 30 days or 4 weeks; 1/12 of a year
request or proposition

Forms: plural: moves Forms: month
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
mull
mull124.
123.
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M 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words



mull mull
v. to think over; to ponder; to contemplate; to heat and n. thin muslin fabric (Hindi); beach cliff (Scottish)
spice for drinking

Forms: mulled: mulled: mulling Forms: plural: mulls
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
must
must126.
125.
must must
v. to have to; to be obligated; to be likely or probable n. necessity; obligation; new wine; grape juice that has
not yet fermented

Forms: must; must; must Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
myriad
127.
myriad
n. great number of persons or things; many; a lot;
composed of a countless number of items

Forms: plural: myriads
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––




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N 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words
name
N/A2.
N1.
N/A name
abbr. describing something that can be left out isn't n. word or phrase by which someone or something is
required called or identified; moniker

Forms: not available; not applicable Forms: plural: names
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
name
name4.
3.
name name
v. to appoint; to specify; to identify; to designate adj. reputed; famous

Forms: named; named; naming
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
narrow
narrow6.
5.
narrow narrow
v. to limit; to restrict; to contract; to lessen in width; to adj. tight; strait; reduced; not wide
taper

Forms: narrowed; narrowed; narrowing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
nearby
nationality8.
7.
nationality nearby
n. citizenship; patriotism adj. close at hand

Forms: plural: nationalities
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
necessarily
nearby10.
9.
nearby necessarily
adv. next to; alongside adv. as a logical result; unavoidably
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
necessary
necessary12.
11.
necessary necessary
n. something that is essential or imperative; essentials of adj. vital; essential; indispensable; unavoidable
life (food, clothing, and shelter)

Forms: plural: necessaries
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
need
necessity14.
13.
necessity need
n. obligation; need; requirement n. requirement; shortage of an indispensable item;
distress; hardship

Forms: plural: necessities Forms: plural: needs
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
neglect
need16.
15.
need neglect
v. to require; to be in distress; to be under hardship; to be n. disregard; inattention; forgetfulness; abandonment
obligated

Forms: needed; needed; needing Forms: plural: neglects
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
negligence
neglect18.
17.
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neglect negligence
v. to disregard; to ignore; to forget to perform (a duty); to n. neglect; disregard; carelessness; failure to provide the
shirk; to abandon necessary provision for (Law)

Forms: neglected; neglected; neglecting Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
negotiate
negotiable20.
19.
negotiable negotiate
adj. describing an asset or item which can easily be sold v. to bargain; to deal; to work out; to compromise; to clear
or transferred or pass an obstacle

Forms: negotiated; negotiated; negotiating
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
nevertheless
negotiator22.
21.
negotiator nevertheless
n. person who participates in a bargaining session adv. anyway; anyhow; still; all the same

Forms: plurals: masc.: negotiators; fem.: negotiatrixes
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
newsletter
news24.
23.
news newsletter
n. report of recent events; information about previously n. short informational periodical that is usually distributed
unknown facts to the members of an interest group

Forms: no plural Forms: plural: newsletters
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
no.
nexus26.
25.
nexus no.
n. means of connection; link; joint; connected group abbr. numeral; mathematical value or its symbol; unit in a
series; part

Forms: plural: nexuses Forms: number
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
nomination
nominate28.
27.
nominate nomination
v. to appoint someone (for a position, office, or honor); to n. appointment; proposal of a candidate (for an office or
designate; to select an honor)

Forms: nominated; nominated; nominating Forms: plural: nominations
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
note
nominee30.
29.
nominee note
n. person who has been appointed; candidate v. not intended to earn profits; to observe; to remark on;
to make a comment; to record

Forms: plural: nominees Forms: noted; noted; noting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
notebook
note32.
31.
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note notebook
n. short written reminder; memo; brief informal letter; n. portable personal computer; laptop computer
official message

Forms: plural: notes Forms: plural: notebooks
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
notice
notice34.
33.
notice notice
v. to discern; to perceive; to pay attention; to observe; to n. announcement; poster, sign; warning; attention;
remark consideration

Forms: noticed; noticed; noticing Forms: plural: notices
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
novel
novel36.
35.
novel novel
adj. new; strange n. piece of long fiction with a plot and characters; story

Forms: plural: novels
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
nuance
novelty38.
37.
novelty nuance
n. innovation; something new; discovery n. slight difference; subtle distinction

Forms: plural: novelties Forms: plural: nuances
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
number
number40.
39.
number number
v. to count; to equal in amount; to limit; to allot adj. anesthetized; lacking sensitivity (to pain); in shock;
senseless

Forms: numbered; numbered; numbering
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
nurse
number42.
41.
number nurse
n. mathematical value or its symbol; indefinite amount; v. to breast-feed; to suckle; to provide medical care; to
quantity of; sum take care of

Forms: plural: numbers Forms: nursed; nursed; nursing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
nurse
43.
nurse
n. medical caretaker (especially in a hospital under the
supervision of a doctor)

Forms: plural: nurses
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––




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object
object2.
O1.
object object
n. article, thing; goal; focus of a thought or action v. to oppose; to protest

Forms: plural: objects Forms: objected; objected; objecting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
objective
objection4.
3.
objection objective
n. opposition; appeal; denial; protest n. aim; purpose, goal

Forms: plural: objections Forms: plural: objectives
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
obligation
objective6.
5.
objective obligation
adj. impartial; unbiased; existing outside of the mind n. duty responsibility; indebtedness; agreement

Forms: plural: obligations
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
observe
obligatory8.
7.
obligatory observe
adj. binding; compelling; must be done; necessary v. to watch; to study; to monitor; to supervise; to discern

Forms: observed; observed; observing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
obtain
obsolete10.
9.
obsolete obtain
adj. ancient; archaic; no longer in use; outdated; useless v. to acquire; to procure; to secure; to earn; to achieve

Forms: obtained; obtained; obtaining
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
obviously
obvious12.
11.
obvious obviously
adj. clear; unmistakable; apparent; evident; plain adv. clearly; unmistakably; plainly; apparently
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
occasion
occasion14.
13.
occasion occasion
n. opportunity; occurrence, event; incident; reason; cause v. to cause; to incite; to bring to pass

Forms: plural: moccasins Forms: occasioned; occasioned; occasioning
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
occupation
occupancy16.
15.
occupancy occupation
n. period of residence; act of taking possession (Law); n. act of forcefully taking possession of an area; seizure;
right of possession conquest; possession or settlement of land

Forms: plural: occupancies Forms: plural: occupations
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
occur
occupied18.
17.
occupied occur
adj. conquered; seized; filled; taken up; inhabited; v. to happen; to take place; to transpire; to come to mind;
populated to suggest itself

Forms: occurred; occurred; occurring
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
offence
occurrence20.
19.
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occurrence offence
n. happening; event; incident n. attack; misdeed; insult; transgression

Forms: plural: occurrences Forms: plural: offences
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
offense
offender22.
21.
offender offense
n. transgressor; person who breaks the law; one who n. attack; misdeed; insult; transgression
insults

Forms: plural: offenders Forms: plural: offenses
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
offer
offensive24.
23.
offensive offer
n. attack; act of aggression; position of pursuit or n. suggestion; proposal of a price; tender; bid
aggression

Forms: plural: offensives Forms: plural: offers
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
office
offer26.
25.
offer office
v. to suggest; to tender; to bid; to propose a price; to n. chamber; bureau; incumbency; agency; authority
present

Forms: offered; offered; offering Forms: plural: offices
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
offing
official28.
27.
official offing
n. person who holds public position; authority n. distant part of the sea visible from the shore; remote
place far from the shore; high seas

Forms: plural: officials Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
offset
offset30.
29.
offset offset
n. outcome; compensation; counterbalance v. to compensate; to balance

Forms: plural: offsets Forms: offset; offset; offsetting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
omit
omission32.
31.
omission omit
n. deletion; negligence; failure; default v. to delete; to skip over; to neglect

Forms: plural: omissions Forms: omitted; omitted; omitting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
operate
onus34.
33.
onus operate
n. responsibility; duty; burden; impediment; blame v. to act; to function; to manage; to use; to activate; to
perform surgery

Forms: plural: onuses Forms: operated; operated; operating
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
operational
operation36.
35.
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operation operational
n. working, performance, handling; venture, undertaking; adj. working; functional; ready for use
series of actions

Forms: plural: operations
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
opinion
operator38.
37.
operator opinion
n. one who activates; worker of a telephone switchboard; n. attitude; outlook; formal judgment or estimation
operation symbol

Forms: plural: operators Forms: plural: opinions
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
opportunity
opportune40.
39.
opportune opportunity
adj. appropriate; fitting; well-timed; timely; proper; n. chance; occasion; favorable time to act
expedient

Forms: plural: opportunities
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
opposite
opposite42.
41.
opposite opposite
n. contrast; something contrary adj. facing; across from; contrary; reverse; different;
antithetical

Forms: plural: opposites
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
opposite
opposite44.
43.
opposite opposite
adv. contrarily prep. across from; facing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
order
option46.
45.
option order
n. choice; alternative; possibility; selection; election n. arrangement; instruction; command; request for
something

Forms: plural: options Forms: plural: orders
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
ordinary
order48.
47.
order ordinary
v. to command; to request something; to arrange; to n. ecclesiastical judge; priest
manage

Forms: ordered; ordered; ordering Forms: plural: ordinaries
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
organize
ordinary50.
49.
ordinary organize
adj. regular; common v. to arrange; to order; to systematize; to set up; to unite;
to structure

Forms: organized; organized; organizing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
original
origin52.
51.
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origin original
n. source; beginning; birth; parentage; nationality n. source from which something arises; prototype; model

Forms: plural: origins Forms: plural: originals
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
originality
original54.
53.
original originality
adj. first; primary; innovative; creative; novel n. state of not being a derivative of anything else

Forms: plural: originalities
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
originate
originally56.
55.
originally originate
adv. at first; in the first place; in a unique manner v. to begin; to be created; to result from; to develop; to be
produced

Forms: originated; originated; originating
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
ostentatious
ostensibly58.
57.
ostensibly ostentatious
adv. apparently; seemingly; to all appearances adj. showy; pretentious; bombastic; pompous; garish
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
outbound
ought60.
59.
ought outbound
v. to need to; must; to be obligated adj. leaving; sailing; traveling to another country

Forms: modal verb
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
outlet
outdoor62.
61.
outdoor outlet
adj. of nature n. exit; electrical source for connecting appliances; store;
shop; joint

Forms: plural: outlets
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
outside
output64.
63.
output outside
n. yield; product; manufacture; information sent out from n. external part or surface of something
a computer

Forms: plural: outputs Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
outside
outside66.
65.
outside outside
adj. external; of the outdoors; from the outdoors; maximal adv. out of doors
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
outstanding
outside68.
67.
outside outstanding
prep. besides; aside from adj. excellent; conspicuous; prominent; due
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
overcome
overall70.
69.
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overall overcome
n. work clothing consisting of denim trousers (usually with v. to subdue; to solve
a bib and shoulder straps)

Forms: plural: overalls Forms: overcame; overcame; overcoming
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
overhead
overdraft72.
71.
overdraft overhead
n. limit to which money may be withdrawn from the bank n. general expenses; manufacturing and business
on credit expenses

Forms: plural: overdrafts Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
overhead
overhead74.
73.
overhead overhead
adj. of general expenses; general adv. from above; above; in the sky
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
overlap
overlap76.
75.
overlap overlap
n. something that is superimposed v. to cover a part of; to have something in common

Forms: plural: overlaps Forms: overlapped; overlapped; overlapping
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
overseas
overlook78.
77.
overlook overseas
v. to inspect; to supervise; to miss; to omit; to ignore; to adj. foreign; abroad
excuse

Forms: overlooked; overlooked; overlooking
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
oversee
overseas80.
79.
overseas oversee
adv. in a place across an ocean v. to supervise; to manage; to inspect

Forms: oversaw; overseen; overseeing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
overtime
overt82.
81.
overt overtime
adj. plain; clear; visible; public; intentional; undisguised n. work beyond regular working hours; pay for such work
(Law)

Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
overview
overtime84.
83.
overtime overview
adv. exceeding regular working hours n. synopsis; general survey; introduction

Forms: plural: overviews
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
owe
overwhelm86.
85.
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overwhelm owe
v. to defeat; to master; to crush; to stagger; to stun; to v. to be indebted to; to be under obligation to pay or
daze repay

Forms: overwhelmed; overwhelmed; overwhelming Forms: owed; owed; owing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
own
own88.
87.
own own
v. to be in possession of; to belong to; to confess adj. belonging to oneself or itself (mine, yours, his, etc.);
self; by oneself

Forms: owned; owned; owning
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
ownership
owner90.
89.
owner ownership
n. proprietor n. legal right of possession

Forms: plural: owners Forms: plural: ownerships
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––




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PR
PIN2.
P1.
PIN PR
abbr. set of numbers which identifies a person abbr. actions of promoting goodwill and distributing
information for a company or organization

Forms: personal identification number Forms: public relations
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
Ph.D.
PTO4.
3.
PTO Ph.D.
abbr. requesting to view or read the opposite side of a abbr. graduate with a doctorate; graduate of a doctoral
page or document program; university degree; title

Forms: please turn over Forms: Doctor of Philosophy
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
package
p.m.6.
5.
p.m. package
abbr. between noon and midnight; in the afternoon; after n. bundle; parcel; container for storage or transportation;
the hour of 12:00 noon inseparable combination of items

Forms: post meridiem (pm, P.M., PM) Forms: plural: packages
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
pad
package8.
7.
package pad
v. to wrap; to combine things together as one inseparable n. piece of soft material which cushions; block of pages
unit stacked together and connected on one side

Forms: packaged; packaged; packaging Forms: plural: pads
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
page
pad10.
9.
pad page
v. to cushion; to fill; to fill out; to walk; to go by foot n. piece of paper; attendant; servant

Forms: padded; padded; padding Forms: plural: pages
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
paint
page12.
11.
page paint
v. to call; to summon (e.g. to the telephone); to number n. colored substance applied to surfaces; layer of dried
sheets of paper in a collection pigment on a surface

Forms: paged; paged; paging Forms: plural: paints
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
pair
paint14.
13.
paint pair
v. to apply color to a surface; to put makeup on; to n. match; whole consisting of two parts; couple
describe something in words

Forms: painted; painted; painting Forms: plural: pairs
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
pallet
pair16.
15.
pair pallet
v. to couple; to be part one of a match; to mate n. straw-filled mattress; hard and simple bed; platform
used to stack items during moving or storage

Forms: paired; paired; pairing Forms: plural: pallets
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
paper
panel18.
17.
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panel paper
n. group of judges; board; band; strip; crew; staff n. thin sheets of fibrous material used to write on; article;
essay; questionnaire

Forms: plural: panels Forms: plural: papers
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
paragraph
paradigm20.
19.
paradigm paragraph
n. model; ideal; mold; form; example; pattern n. passage; distinct portion of text (usually begins with an
indented line); section; clause

Forms: plural: paradigms Forms: plural: paragraphs
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
paramount
parameter22.
21.
parameter paramount
n. variable which determines the form of a function adj. superior; supreme; above all; of the highest rank;
most important

Forms: plural: parameters
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
part
parentheses24.
23.
parentheses part
n. grouping symbols () v. to divide; to separate; to be divided; to allocate

Forms: plural: parenthesis Forms: parted; parted; parting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
part
part26.
25.
part part
adj. somewhat n. section; piece; region; role; function; side in an
agreement

Forms: plural: parts
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
participate
part-time28.
27.
part-time participate
n. period; era; hour; rate v. to be involved; to join in

Forms: plural: part-times Forms: participated; participated; participating
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
particular
particular30.
29.
particular particular
adj. special; unusual; detailed; precise; pedantic; strict n. detail; individual characteristic; item; article; specific
proposition

Forms: plural: particulars
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
party
particularly32.
31.
particularly party
adv. especially; specifically v. to celebrate

Forms: partied; partied; partying
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
party
party34.
33.
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party party
adj. of a political group; of social gatherings n. political group; social gathering; side of an agreement;
group; gang

Forms: plural: parties
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
pass
pass36.
35.
pass pass
n. alleyway; narrow road between mountains; successful v. to cross; to transport; to approve
grade on a test

Forms: plural: passes Forms: passed; passed; passing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
passenger
passage38.
37.
passage passenger
n. way; route; course; section; piece n. traveler; fare; person who rides or travels

Forms: plural: passages Forms: plural: passengers
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
patch
passport40.
39.
passport patch
n. a document issued by a country to a citizen allowing n. area of fabric used to repair a hole; stain; bandage; lot
that person to travel abroad and re-enter the home
country

Forms: plural: passports Forms: plural: patches
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
path
patch42.
41.
patch path
v. to cover a hole with a piece of material; to use to cover n. track; lane; route; search route
a hole

Forms: patched; patched; patched Forms: plural: paths
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
pattern
patience44.
43.
patience pattern
n. tolerance; forbearance n. sample; model; form; mold; decorative design

Forms: no plural Forms: plural: patterns
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
pay
pattern46.
45.
pattern pay
v. to decorate; to imitate; to mimic; to copy an example n. salary; wages

Forms: patterned; patterned; patterning Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
payable
pay48.
47.
pay payable
v. to give money for goods or to cancel debts; to settle; to adj. may be settled
be worthwhile; to be profitable

Forms: paid; paid; paying
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
payroll
payment50.
49.
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payment payroll
n. wage; salary; compensation; bonus; punishment n. financial sheet listing salaries; list of workers who
receive wages and salaries

Forms: plural: payments Forms: plural: payrolls
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
peace
pd.52.
51.
pd. peace
abbr. given money that was owed n. state of not being at war; silence; quietness; tranquility

Forms: paid Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
peddle
peculiar54.
53.
peculiar peddle
adj. exceptional; special; strange; odd; curious v. to hawk; to vend; to deal; to distribute; to sell

Forms: peddled; peddled; peddling
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
penalize
pedicure56.
55.
pedicure penalize
n. cosmetic foot treatment v. to punish

Forms: plural: pedicures Forms: penalized; penalized; penalizing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
perceive
penalty58.
57.
penalty perceive
n. punishment; fine; punishment in the form of a financial v. to feel; to sense; to distinguish; to discern; to see
payment

Forms: plural: penalties Forms: perceived; perceived; perceiving
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
perennial
percent60.
59.
percent perennial
n. one part of a hundred n. something that continues for many years

Forms: plural: percents Forms: plural: perennials
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
perfect
perennial62.
61.
perennial perfect
adj. lasting throughout the whole year; continuing for v. to refine; to improve; to complete; to make faultless
many years; perpetual; everlasting

Forms: perfected; perfected; perfecting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
perform
perfect64.
63.
perfect perform
adj. flawless; complete; undamaged v. to do; to carry out; to execute; to present; to arrange; to
manage

Forms: performed; performed; performing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
perhaps
performance66.
65.
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performance perhaps
n. show; presentation; execution; act; deed adv. maybe; possibly; could be

Forms: plural: performances
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
periodical
period68.
67.
period periodical
n. punctuation mark; end; pause at end of a phrase; full n. magazine; journal
sentence; age; season

Forms: plural: periods Forms: plural: periodicals
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
perishable
periodical70.
69.
periodical perishable
adj. occurring at regular intervals; recurrent; cyclic; n. product which can rot or spoil (fruit, food etc.)
seasonal

Forms: plural: perishables
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
permanent
perishable72.
71.
perishable permanent
adj. expendable; spoils rapidly; likely to spoil; mortal adj. lasting; enduring; perpetual; regular; fixed; invariable
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
permit
permeate74.
73.
permeate permit
v. to enter; to penetrate; to infiltrate; to suffuse n. license; authorization

Forms: permeated; permeated; permeating Forms: plural: permits
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
perpetuate
permit76.
75.
permit perpetuate
v. to let; to enable; to allow; to authorize; to sanction v. to eternalize; to make everlasting; to preserve from
extinction

Forms: permitted; permitted; permitting Forms: perpetuated; perpetuated; perpetuating
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
persistent
persistence78.
77.
persistence persistent
n. diligence; tenacity; stubbornness; continuation adj. tenacious; stubborn; constant; continual; diligent

Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
perspective
personnel80.
79.
personnel perspective
n. staff; work force; team; crew n. viewpoint; outlook; vista; view

Forms: no plural Forms: plural: perspectives
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
persuasion
persuade82.
81.
persuade persuasion
v. to convince; to induce; to sway n. inducement; act of convincing

Forms: persuade; persuaded; persuading Forms: plural: persuasions
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
pertinent
pertain84.
83.
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pertain pertinent
v. to belong to; to be connected to; to relate; to refer adj. relevant; related; appropriate; fitting

Forms: pertained; pertained; pertaining
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
petrol
pervasive86.
85.
pervasive petrol
adj. penetrating; infiltrating; spreading; extending; n. type of fuel; gasoline
permeating

Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
phone
pharmacist88.
87.
pharmacist phone
n. druggist; apothecary v. to make a call; to ring

Forms: plural: pharmacists Forms: phoned; phoned; phoning
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
photo
photo90.
89.
photo photo
pref. of light n. picture; snapshot

Forms: plural: photos
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
photograph
photograph92.
91.
photograph photograph
v. to take a picture n. picture; snapshot; image

Forms: photographed; photographed; photographing Forms: plural: photographs
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
up
pick
photographer94.
93.
photographer pick up
n. cameraman; person who takes pictures v. to choose; to select; to pull out; to tear out; to peck

Forms: plural: photographers Forms: picked; picked; picking
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
picture
up96.
pick
95.
pick up picture
n. hoe; tool used to spread soil; choice; selection v. to photograph; to paint; to draw; to describe; to depict

Forms: plural: picks Forms: pictured; pictured; picturing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
pie
picture98.
97.
picture pie
n. photograph; drawing; painting; film; embodiment n. type of dessert; cake; baked dish consisting of a crust
and filling

Forms: plural: pictures Forms: plural: pies
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
piece
piece100.
99.
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piece piece
v. to join parts together; to attach segments n. slice; part; segment; creation; work

Forms: pieced; pieced; piecing Forms: plural: pieces
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
pioneer
pile102.
101.
pile pioneer
n. heap; mound; wealth; fortune; group of buildings; dike; n. pathfinder; forerunner; person who paves the way;
levee member of a military engineering corps

Forms: plural: piles Forms: plural: pioneers
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
pipe
pioneer104.
103.
pioneer pipe
v. to pave the way; to create a path; to guide; to initiate; n. tube; trachea; flute; toot
to originate

Forms: pioneered; pioneered; pioneering Forms: plural: pipes
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
pitch
pipe106.
105.
pipe pitch
v. to convey a fluid; to transport a liquid; to make a high- n. relative highness or lowness of a sound; tar; asphalt;
pitched sound throw

Forms: piped; piped; piping Forms: plural: pitches
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
place
pitch108.
107.
pitch place
v. to establish; to erect; to throw; to toss n. location; position; standing; role; function

Forms: pitched; pitched; pitched Forms: plural: places
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
placid
place110.
109.
place placid
v. to put; to lay; to lodge; to nominate; to appoint adj. serene; quiet; peaceful; tranquil; relaxed; calm

Forms: laced; placed; placing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
plain
plaid112.
111.
plaid plain
n. colorful fabric with a pattern of square s and crossbars adv. simply; in an unembellished manner; clearly

Forms: plural: plaids
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
plain
plain114.
113.
plain plain
n. plateau; area of level ground; prairie; savanna adj. clear; evident; simple; flat; smooth

Forms: plural: plains
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
plan
plan116.
115.
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plan plan
n. program; scheme; agenda; timetable; schedule v. to make a scheme; to plot; to design; to contrive; to
think up

Forms: plural: plans Forms: planned; planned; planned
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
plane
plane118.
117.
plane plane
adj. flat, level; even n. type of aircraft; two-dimensional surface; rank; level

Forms: plural: planes
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
plant
plane120.
119.
plane plant
v. to smooth wood; to make smooth; to remove rough n. small vegetable growth; factory; equipment
areas

Forms: planed; planed; planing Forms: plural: plants
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
plate
plant122.
121.
plant plate
v. to sow; to place seeds or vegetation into soil; to n. flat dish for serving food; portion; covering, coating;
establish; to set board

Forms: planted; planted; planting Forms: plural: plates
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
plc
plate124.
123.
plate plc
v. to cover with a thin layer of metal; to coat with metal abbr. public limited liability company in Britain

Forms: plated; plated; plating Forms: public limited company
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
pleasure
pleased126.
125.
pleased pleasure
adj. content; satiated; having one's desires satisfied n. enjoyment; amusement; entertainment; delight; joy

Forms: plural: pleasures
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
plug
pleasure128.
127.
pleasure plug
v. to cause someone enjoyment n. cork; stopper; electrical connector; block;
advertisement

Forms: pleasured; pleasured; pleasuring Forms: plural: plugs
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
plumber
plug130.
129.
plug plumber
v. to cap; to cork; to stop up; to block; to advertise n. person who works with pipe and water systems

Forms: plugged; plugged; plugging Forms: plural: plumbers
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
pocket
pocket132.
131.
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pocket pocket
adj. small; of a pouch n. pouch used to carry objects; sac; underground deposit
of oil

Forms: plural: pockets
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
point
pocket134.
133.
pocket point
v. to profit; to roll a ball into a hole (Billiards) n. spot; tip; essence; gist; matter

Forms: pocketed; pocketed; pocketing Forms: plural: points
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
pointer
point136.
135.
point pointer
v. to indicate; to emphasize; to sharpen; to direct n. indicator; something used to point; hand on a clock;
clue; advice

Forms: pointed; pointed; pointing Forms: plural: pointers
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
polite
policy138.
137.
policy polite
n. course or method of action; guidelines; position; adj. courteous; having good manners; gentle; genial; kind
standpoint; insurance contract

Forms: plural: policies
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
poll
poll140.
139.
poll poll
n. voting, electing; counting of votes; number of votes; v. to vote; to elect; to count votes; to make a survey
referendum

Forms: plural: polls Forms: polled; polled; polling
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
ponder
pollution142.
141.
pollution ponder
n. contamination; dirtying; soiling; spoiling; destruction v. to reflect; to think; to consider; to meditate

Forms: plural: pollutions Forms: pondered; pondered; pondering
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
portable
population144.
143.
population portable
n. total number of people living in an area adj. mobile; movable; can be transported from one place
to another

Forms: plural: populations
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
pose
portfolio146.
145.
portfolio pose
n. briefcase; attache case; list of securities and stocks n. stance

Forms: plural: portfolios Forms: plural: poses
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
position
pose148.
147.
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pose position
v. to stance n. viewpoint, opinion; siting; locus; location; place; job

Forms: posed; posed; posing Forms: plural: positions
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
possess
position150.
149.
position possess
v. to erect; to set; to put; to place v. to control; to dominate; to hold; to own; to have as
property

Forms: positioned; positioned; positioned Forms: possessed; possessed; possessing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
possibility
possession152.
151.
possession possibility
n. custody; property; asset; control; ownership n. probability; feasibility; chance; likelihood

Forms: plural: possessions Forms: plural: possibilities
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
post
possible154.
153.
possible post
adj. could be; might be; may be pref. after; later; subsequent to
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
post
post156.
155.
post post
n. mail; column; opinion; role; job placement v. to assign to a duty; to station; to publicize; to advertise

Forms: plural: posts Forms: posted; posted; posting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
posting
postage158.
157.
postage posting
n. fee for sending letters or packages by mail n. message sent to a newsgroup or mailing list (Internet)

Forms: no plural Forms: plural: postings
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
postpone
postmaster160.
159.
postmaster postpone
n. mail manager, person responsible for managing v. to put off to a later time; to delay; to defer; to put off
electronic mail on a network (Computers) until later; to stay

Forms: plural: postmasters Forms: postponed; postponed; postponing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
posture
posture162.
161.
posture posture
n. viewpoint; stance; condition; state; mood; attitude v. to pretend; to feign

Forms: plural: postures Forms: postured; postured; posturing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
potential
potency164.
163.
potency potential
n. power; strength; force; capacity to be n. possibility; ability; capability of being

Forms: plural: potencies Forms: plural: potentials
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
pounce
potential166.
165.
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potential pounce
adj. possible; capable of becoming; able to be n. act of suddenly swooping down and grabbing; sudden
assault or attack

Forms: plural: pounces
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
powerful
pounce168.
167.
pounce powerful
v. to fall on; to storm; to invade; to attack; to seize; to adj. exerting great force; effective; potent; producing the
assault desired effect; influential

Forms: pounced; pounced; pouncing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
practice
practical170.
169.
practical practice
adj. feasible; workable; applicable; useful; efficacious v. to exercise; to train; to drill

Forms: practiced; practiced; practicing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
precede
practice172.
171.
practice precede
n. customary action; habit; drill; training exercise v. to go before; to be in front; to be ahead of; to predate

Forms: plural: practices Forms: preceded; preceded; preceding
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
precisely
precise174.
173.
precise precisely
adj. exact; not more and not less; meticulous; strict adv. exactly; accurately; definitely; certainly; surely
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
precondition
precondition176.
175.
precondition precondition
v. to train in advance n. advance stipulation; preliminary terms

Forms: preconditioned; preconditioned; preconditioning Forms: plural: preconditions
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
predictable
predict178.
177.
predict predictable
v. to prophesy; to foretell; to announce in advance adj. can be prophesied; can be foretold

Forms: predict; predict; predicting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
predominate
predisposition180.
179.
predisposition predominate
n. sensitivity; susceptibility (to disease, etc.) v. to control to rule over; to be superior

Forms: plural: predispositions Forms: predominated; predominated; predominating
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
preface
preempt182.
181.
preempt preface
v. to occupy a place; to take a place; to obtain at an v. to use as an introduction; to use as a foreword
advance opportunity

Forms: preempted; preempted; preempting Forms: prefaced; prefaced; prefacing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
prefer
preface184.
183.
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preface prefer
n. introduction; foreword; opening statement v. to hold superior; to appoint; to nominate; to like better

Forms: plural: prefaces Forms: preferred; preferred; preferring
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
prejudice
preference186.
185.
preference prejudice
n. favor; liking; fondness; priority; superior status v. to express a preconceived opinion; to express one's
biases

Forms: plural: preferences Forms: prejudiced; prejudiced; prejudicing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
premises
prejudice188.
187.
prejudice premises
n. bias; sentence passed before proper examination of n. property; site; area; grounds; building with the grounds
the circumstances belonging to it

Forms: plural: prejudices Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
prepaid
premium190.
189.
premium prepaid
n. supplementary charge; additional charge; amount paid adj. remunerated ahead of time; settled beforehand via
for insurance; reward payment

Forms: plural: premia or premiums
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
prerogative
prepare192.
191.
prepare prerogative
v. to make ready; to get oneself ready; to put into the n. right; special privilege
proper condition

Forms: prepared; prepared; preparing Forms: plural: prerogatives
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
present
prescription194.
193.
prescription present
n. written order for a medication; instruction; directive; v. to display; to demonstrate; to bestow; to grant
order; command

Forms: plural: prescriptions Forms: presented; presented; presenting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
present
present196.
195.
present present
adj. existent; in attendance; on hand; of the current times; n. gift; offering; something that is given to another person
pertaining to the current times without compensation

Forms: plural: presents
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
preserve
preserve198.
197.
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preserve preserve
n. area of land set aside to protect natural resources and v. to guard; to keep safe; to keep; to defend; to protect
wildlife

Forms: plural: preserves Forms: preserved; preserved; preserving
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
press
president200.
199.
president press
n. head; leader; chairman; chief v. to push; to iron; to remove creases or wrinkles; to
confiscate for public or government use

Forms: plural: presidents Forms: pressed; pressed; pressing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
pressure
press202.
201.
press pressure
n. journals and newspapers collectively; act or process of v. to apply force or weight; to push; to stress
printing

Forms: plural: presses Forms: pressured; pressured; pressuring
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
presume
pressure204.
203.
pressure presume
n. exertion of force; application of weight; weight; burden; v. to take for granted; to dare; to venture; to take liberties;
encumbrance to permit oneself

Forms: plural: pressures Forms: presumed; presumed; presuming
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
pretend
pretend206.
205.
pretend pretend
v. to impersonate; to act in a role; to claim; to assert adj. simulated; feigned; make-believe

Forms: pretended; pretended; pretending
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
pretense
pretense208.
207.
pretense pretense
v. to feign; to impersonate; to put on a false show n. feigning; impersonation; false show; claim; assertion

Forms: pretensed; pretensed; pretensing Forms: plural: pretenses
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
pretty
pretentious210.
209.
pretentious pretty
adj. impersonating; putting on a false appearance; adv. moderately; quite; rather; to some extent
feigning; arrogant; haughty
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
prevalent
prevail212.
211.
prevail prevalent
v. to win; to succeed; to overcome; to surpass; to prove adj. common; widespread; current
superior

Forms: prevailed; prevailed; prevailing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
preventive
prevent214.
213.
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prevent preventive
v. to cause not to happen; to avert; to delay; to impede; to n. safeguard; something used to avert an unwanted
hinder situation

Forms: prevented; prevented; preventing Forms: plural: preventives
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
previous
preventive216.
215.
preventive previous
adj. averting; avoiding; delaying; inhibiting adj. earlier; antecedent; hasty; premature
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
price
previously218.
217.
previously price
adv. before; at an earlier time; in the past; antecedently n. cost; value; worth; rate; measure

Forms: plural: prices
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
priceless
price220.
219.
price priceless
v. to give a cost to something adj. invaluable; beyond any expressible value; very
expensive

Forms: priced; priced; pricing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
prime
primarily222.
221.
primarily prime
adv. chiefly; principally; mainly; initially adj. major; chief; select; of the highest quality; excellent
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
principal
prime224.
223.
prime principal
n. state of perfection; state of highest quality adj. chief; head; leading; primary; main

Forms: plural: primes
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
principle
principal226.
225.
principal principle
n. school director; school master; capital sum (Finance) n. doctrine; tenet; precept; fundamental law; primary law
on which other laws are based

Forms: plural: principals Forms: plural: principles
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
prior
printer228.
227.
printer prior
n. computer peripheral used for exporting documents to adj. earlier; antecedent; former
paper

Forms: plural: printers
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
prioritize
prior230.
229.
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prior prioritize
n. officer of a monastery; high-ranking member of a v. to organize according to importance
religious order

Forms: plural: priors Forms: prioritized; prioritized; prioritizing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
privacy
priority232.
231.
priority privacy
n. preference; precedence; higher rank; privileged n. seclusion; solitude; reclusion; secrecy; confidentiality
position; seniority

Forms: plural: priorities Forms: plural: privacies
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
private
private234.
233.
private private
adj. intimate; for or pertaining to a small group of people; n. soldier of the three lowest military ranks
personal; of an individual

Forms: plural: privates
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
privilege
privatize236.
235.
privatize privilege
v. to transfer control from governmental to individual v. to grant special rights; to give special advantages or
powers benefits

Forms: privatized; privatized; privatizing Forms: privileged; privileged; privileging
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
prize
privilege238.
237.
privilege prize
n. special individual right not enjoyed by others; benefit; v. to appreciate; to esteem; to respect; to appraise; to
advantage assess worth

Forms: plural: privileges Forms: prized; prized; prizing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
probably
prize240.
239.
prize probably
adj. valuable; unique; outstanding; award-winning adv. almost certainly; very likely; apparently; in all
likelihood
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
proceed
procedure242.
241.
procedure proceed
n. routine; protocol; course of action; subroutine; v. to continue; to carry on; to advance; to progress; to
sequence of instructions (Computers) move forward

Forms: plural: procedures Forms: proceeded; proceeded; proceeding
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
process
process244.
243.
process process
v. to treat; to adapt; to prepare; to make ready n. routine; course of action; advance; summons to court

Forms: processed; processed; processing Forms: plural: processes
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
procurement
procure246.
245.
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procure procurement
v. to obtain; to acquire; to get; to buy; to purchase n. purchase; sale; acquisition

Forms: procured; procured; procuring Forms: plural: procurements
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
production
product248.
247.
product production
n. result of manufacturing; goods; merchandise n. manufacture; assembly; output; yield

Forms: plural: products Forms: plural: productions
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
profession
productivity250.
249.
productivity profession
n. a measurement of output per hours worked; n. vocation; skilled occupation; declaration; proclamation
creativeness; fruitfulness; prolificness

Forms: no plural Forms: plural: professions
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
professional
professional252.
251.
professional professional
adj. of a skilled occupation; working in one of the skilled n. person who works in a skilled occupation; specialist
occupations

Forms: plural: professionals
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
profit
proficiency254.
253.
proficiency profit
n. expertise; state of having expert skills; skillfulness; v. to earn income; to make financial gains; to be of
adeptness; masterfulness service; to be beneficial

Forms: no plural Forms: profited; profited; profiting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
profitable
profit256.
255.
profit profitable
n. earnings; financial gain; benefit; advantage; privilege adj. lucrative; paying; rewarding; beneficial; producing
income

Forms: plural: profits
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
profusion
profuse258.
257.
profuse profusion
adj. plentiful; abundant; generous; extravagant; wasteful n. plentifulness; abundance; numerousness; plurality

Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
program
program260.
259.
program program
v. to schedule; to plan; to write a system of operating n. schedule; agenda; written order of events
instructions for a computer

Forms: programmed; programmed; programming Forms: plural: programs
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
progress
programmer262.
261.
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programmer progress
n. person who creates sets of instructions for a computer v. to advance; to move forward; to gain
or other device

Forms: plural: programmers Forms: progressed; progressed; progressing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
prohibit
progress264.
263.
progress prohibit
n. headway; forward movement; development; v. to outlaw; to forbid by law; to interdict; to ban; to
advancement prevent

Forms: no plural Forms: prohibited; prohibited; prohibiting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
project
project266.
265.
project project
v. to plan; to scheme; to send; to dispatch; to throw n. plan; scheme; program; task; assignment; activity

Forms: projected; projected; projecting Forms: plural: projects
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
proliferation
proliferate268.
267.
proliferate proliferation
v. to reproduce quickly; to multiply rapidly; to thrive; to n. rapid multiplication; rapid reproduction; prosperity
grow quickly

Forms: proliferated; proliferated; proliferating Forms: plural: proliferations
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
prolong
prolific270.
269.
prolific prolong
adj. fruitful; productive; abundant; plentiful; multiplying; v. to extend; to lengthen
producing fruit

Forms: prolonged; prolonged; prolonging
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
promise
promise272.
271.
promise promise
v. to pledge; to give one's word; to vow; to commit n. pledge; vow; declaration of intention; source of hope;
oneself to a certain course of action basis for expectations

Forms: promised; promised; promising Forms: plural: promises
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
promotional
promote274.
273.
promote promotional
v. to further; to encourage sales; to aid; to help; to assist adj. of publicizing; of advancement; of encouragement; of
fostering; of an enterprise

Forms: promoted; promoted; promoting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
proof
proof276.
275.
proof proof
adj. resistant; invulnerable; impervious; sealed; durable v. to make resistant; to make impervious; to edit

Forms: proofed; proofed; proofing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
proper
propensity278.
277.
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propensity proper
n. inclination; tendency; disposition; aptitude adj. correct; suitable; just; complete

Forms: plural: propensities
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
proposal
property280.
279.
property proposal
n. possessions; belongings; estate; assets; ownership n. suggestion; tender; plan; offer of marriage

Forms: plural: properties Forms: plural: proposals
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
proposition
propose282.
281.
propose proposition
v. to suggest; to recommend; to tender; to make an offer n. offer; plan; theory; problem
of marriage

Forms: proposed; proposed; proposing Forms: plural: propositions
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
prospect
prosaic284.
283.
prosaic prospect
adj. common; regular; boring; tedious; dull v. to search for valuable materials (such as gold, oil, etc.)

Forms: prospected; prospected; prospecting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
prospectus
prospect286.
285.
prospect prospectus
n. chance; probability of advancement or success; hope; n. a document giving details about an offering of
promise securities investment for sale to the public

Forms: plural: prospects Forms: plural: prospectuses
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
protection
protect288.
287.
protect protection
v. to defend; to save from harm; to watch over; to guard n. defense; shelter; safety

Forms: protected; protected; protecting Forms: plural: protections
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
proud
protocol290.
289.
protocol proud
n. method of dealing with a certain subject; draft of a adj. arrogant; haughty; magnificent; impressive
treaty

Forms: plural: protocols
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
provide
prove292.
291.
prove provide
v. to substantiate with evidence; to demonstrate; to show v. to supply; to grant; to set; to offer
clearly

Forms: proved; proved; proving Forms: provided; provided; providing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
provision
provision294.
293.
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provision provision
v. to supply with stock; to equip with supplies (esp. food) n. supply; stock; measure; means; condition; stipulation

Forms: provisioned; provisioned; provisioning Forms: plural: provisions
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
publication
proximity296.
295.
proximity publication
n. adjacency; nearness; closeness; vicinity n. process of producing and distributing printed material;
act of advertising

Forms: no plural Forms: plural: publications
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
publish
publicize298.
297.
publicize publish
v. to advertise; to bring to the attention of a large v. to produce and distribute printed material; to advertise
audience

Forms: publicized; publicized; publicizing Forms: published; published; publishing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
out
pull
publisher300.
299.
publisher pull out
n. person or company that produces and distributes v. to remove; to withdraw; to abandon; to exit; to depart
printed material

Forms: plural: publishers Forms: pulled out; pulled out; pulling out
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
purchase
purchase302.
301.
purchase purchase
n. something which has been bought; act of buying v. to buy; to acquire in exchange for money; to procure;
to obtain

Forms: plural: purchases Forms: purchased; purchased; purchasing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
purpose
purpose304.
303.
purpose purpose
n. goal; aim; intention; objective v. to intend; to plan; to design; to aim

Forms: plural: purposes Forms: purposed; purposed; purposing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
pursuit
pursue306.
305.
pursue pursuit
v. to chase after; to follow; to aspire to; to strive for n. chase; quest; search; occupation; pastime

Forms: pursued; pursued; pursuing Forms: plural: pursuits
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
pushy
pushy308.
307.
pushy pushy
adj. controlling; aggressive; extremely self-assertive; n. cat (Slang); feline
bossy

Forms: plural: pushies
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
off
put
in310.
put
309.
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put in put off
v. to make an application; to enter; to let something or v. to postpone; to disgust; to repulse; to deter
someone enter

Forms: put in; put in; putting in Forms: put off; put off; putting off
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
puzzle
with312.
up
put
311.
put up with puzzle
v. to tolerate; to be patient n. enigma; riddle; game; jigsaw

Forms: put up with; put up with; putting up with Forms: plural: puzzles
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
puzzle
313.
puzzle
v. to mystify; to baffle; to confound; to confuse; to perplex

Forms: puzzled; puzzled; puzzling
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qualify
qualification2.
Q1.
qualification qualify
n. fitness; suitability; limitation; diploma or certificate v. to train; to certify; to meet the minimum standards; to
stating one's abilities moderate; to modify

Forms: plural: qualifications Forms: qualified; qualified; qualifying
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
quality
quality4.
3.
quality quality
n. degree of excellence; characteristic; attribute; adj. excellent; having superior characteristics; fine
character; excellence

Forms: plural: qualities
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
quarter
quantity6.
5.
quantity quarter
n. amount; extent; measure; degree; size; magnitude n. one fourth; neighborhood; coin worth 25 cents; period
of three months; district

Forms: plural: quantities Forms: plural: quarters
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
quarterly
quarter8.
7.
quarter quarterly
adj. being one fourth; having four equal parts adj. occurring every three months; taking place four times
a year
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
queues
quarterly10.
9.
quarterly queues
adv. four times a year; once every three months v. to stand in line; to make a row

Forms: queued; queued; queuing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
quiet
queues12.
11.
queues quiet
n. line; file (British); row; braid; plait adj. silent; noiseless; peaceful; tranquil; still; lacking
activity

Forms: plural: queues
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
quotation
quiet14.
13.
quiet quotation
n. silence; noiselessness; stillness; tranquility; muteness; n. citation; passage taken from another source;
speechlessness reference; commercial offer; statement of price

Forms: no plural Forms: plural: quotations
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
quote
quote16.
15.
quote quote
v. to cite; to state a price; to offer a price n. citation; commercial offer

Forms: quoted; quoted; quoting Forms: plural: quotes
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R 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words
ROI
R&D2.
R1.
R&D ROI
abbr. department in a company that develops new abbr. method of measuring the profitability of a company
products (derived by dividing the net income by total assets)

Forms: research and development Forms: return on investment
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
railroad
railroad4.
3.
railroad railroad
v. to transport via locomotive; to convey by train n. path for a train made of parallel metal tracks

Forms: railroaded; railroaded; railroading Forms: plural: railroads
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
raise
raise6.
5.
raise raise
v. to elevate; to lift; to excite; to arouse; to cause n. increase in salary; wage increase

Forms: raised; raised; raising Forms: plural: raises
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
randomly
ranches8.
7.
ranches randomly
n. farm with large pasture land for raising livestock adv. accidentally; by chance

Forms: plural: ranches
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
range
range10.
9.
range range
v. to determine the scope of a target; to extend; to n. pasture; scope; extent; field; domain; assortment
stretch; to vary

Forms: ranged; ranged; ranging Forms: plural: ranges
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
rank
rank12.
11.
rank rank
adj. giving off a foul odor; fertile; productive; fruitful; v. to arrange in a line; to grade; to classify
growing vigorously

Forms: ranked; ranked; ranking
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
rarely
rapidly14.
13.
rapidly rarely
adv. quickly; fast; swiftly adv. infrequently; not often; seldom
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
rate
rate16.
15.
rate rate
v. to assess; to appraise; to determine value; to grade; to n. price; cost; speed; pace; tax
classify; to sort

Forms: rated; rated; rating Forms: plural: rates
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
rational
rather18.
17.
rather rational
adv. very quite; to a degree; somewhat; slightly; a bit; adj. logical; reasonable; intelligent; prudent; expressible
might as well as a whole number (Mathematics)
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
reach
reach20.
19.
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reach reach
v. to arrive; to obtain; to procure; to extend the arm n. distance that an arm can extend
outward

Forms: reached; reached; reaching Forms: plural: reaches
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
readiness
readership22.
21.
readership readiness
n. total number of people who subscribe to a particular n. preparedness; willingness; promptness; quickness
publication

Forms: plural: readerships Forms: no plural
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
realization
ready24.
23.
ready realization
adj. prepared; set; eager; willing; quick; fast n. accomplishment; fulfillment

Forms: plural: realizations
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
rear
realize26.
25.
realize rear
v. to understand; to comprehend; to accomplish; to adj. back; hind
convert into cash; to liquidate

Forms: realized; realized; realizing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
reason
rear28.
27.
rear reason
n. back end; hindmost unit of an army (or fleet, etc.) v. to think; to consider logically; to argue; to claim

Forms: plural: rears Forms: reasoned; reasoned; reasoning
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
reasonable
reason30.
29.
reason reasonable
n. cause; basis for action; intelligence; sense adj. rational; logical; intelligent; wise; plausible; likely;
credible

Forms: plural: reasons
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
rebound
rebound32.
31.
rebound rebound
v. to spring back n. backlash

Forms: rebounded; rebounded; rebounding Forms: plural: rebounds
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
recant
rebuild34.
33.
rebuild recant
v. to reconstruct; to erect again v. to give up; to renounce; to deny; to disavow; to retract

Forms: rebuilt; rebuilt; rebuilding Forms: recanted; recanted; recanting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
receipt
recap36.
35.
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recap receipt
v. to summarize; to review with a short summary v. to write a statement of purchases; to make a bill of sale

Forms: recapped; recapped; recapping Forms: receipted; receipted; receipting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
receive
receipt38.
37.
receipt receive
n. bill of sale; written statement of purchases v. to get; to accept; to absorb; to take in; to host; to
accommodate

Forms: plural: receipts Forms: received; received; receiving
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
reception
recent40.
39.
recent reception
adj. new; fresh; late; of late times n. acceptance; event in which guests are formally
welcomed by their host; check-in

Forms: plural: receptions
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
recession
receptionist42.
41.
receptionist recession
n. person who greets visitors or clients on the telephone n. a significant decline in general economic activity
and upon their arrival extending over a period of time

Forms: plural: receptionists Forms: plural: recessions
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
reclaim
recipient44.
43.
recipient reclaim
n. person who accepts; person who takes or gets v. to demand the return of property; to repossess

Forms: plural: recipients Forms: reclaimed; reclaimed; reclaiming
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
recognizable
recognition46.
45.
recognition recognizable
n. acknowledgment; identification adj. identifiable; determinable; able to be distinguished

Forms: plural: recognitions
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
recommend
recognize48.
47.
recognize recommend
v. to identify; to acknowledge; to know; to admit v. to advocate; to endorse; to speak well of; to advise; to
suggest

Forms: recognized; recognized; recognizing Forms: recommended; recommended; recommending
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
reconsider
recommendation50.
49.
recommendation reconsider
n. endorsement; approval; letter of reference; suggestion; v. to contemplate again
advice

Forms: plural: recommendations Forms: reconsidered; reconsidered; reconsidering
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
record
record52.
51.
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record record
adj. comprising the best result ever attained n. list; evidence; best result ever attained; list of events or
actions

Forms: plural: records
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
recovery
recover54.
53.
recover recovery
v. to get well; to get back; to regain; to obtain again n. recuperation; getting well; return

Forms: recovered; recovered; recovering Forms: plural: recoveries
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
recruit
recruit56.
55.
recruit recruit
v. to enlist or draft new members; to gain; to obtain; to n. new member of a group; new employee
procure

Forms: recruited; recruited; recruiting Forms: plural: recruits
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
rectangle
recruitment58.
57.
recruitment rectangle
n. act of enlisting or drafting new members n. parallelogram

Forms: plural: recruitments Forms: plural: rectangles
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
reduce
rectify60.
59.
rectify reduce
v. to fix; to repair; to correct; to calibrate; to adjust v. to lessen; to diminish; to decrease

Forms: rectified; rectified; rectifying Forms: reduced; reduced; reducing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
reference
refer62.
61.
refer reference
v. to send; to direct; to ascribe to; to relate to; to apply to; v. to add a footnote; to place a note that directs readers
to call attention to to another source of information (in a book, journal, etc.)

Forms: referred; referred; referring Forms: referenced; referenced; referencing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
reflect
reference64.
63.
reference reflect
n. comment; remark; ascription; mention; regard v. to mirror; to send back energy from a surface; to cause
to return; to express

Forms: plural: references Forms: reflected; reflected; reflecting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
refund
reflection66.
65.
reflection refund
n. act of casting back a mirror image; act of sending back v. to return money; to reimburse; to repay; to finance
energy from a surface; idea; concept again

Forms: plural: reflections Forms: refunded; refunded; refunding
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
refurbish
refund68.
67.
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refund refurbish
n. return of money; repayment; reimbursement v. to make new again; to renovate; to restore to good
condition

Forms: plural: refunds Forms: refurbished; refurbished; refurbishing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
refuse
refusal70.
69.
refusal refuse
n. denial; rejection v. to decline; to deny; to reject

Forms: plural: refusals Forms: refused; refused; refusing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
regard
refuse72.
71.
refuse regard
n. garbage; trash; waste v. to look at; to concern; to relate to; to esteem; to
appreciate; to consider

Forms: plural: refuses Forms: regarded; regarded; regarding
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
regarding
regard74.
73.
regard regarding
n. esteem; respect; thought; consideration; look; glance prep. with relation to

Forms: plural: regards
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
regardless
regardless76.
75.
regardless regardless
adj. inattentive; unmindful adv. without consideration for possible problems;
anyway; in any case
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
registering
region78.
77.
region registering
n. area; territory; domain; field; area of activity or interest; v. to record; to enroll; to have an effect; to have influence
sphere

Forms: plural: regions Forms: registered; registered; registering
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
regress
registering80.
79.
registering regress
n. list; record; regulator; gauge v. to move backward; to go back; to return to a previous
condition

Forms: plural: registers Forms: regressed; regressed; regressing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
regular
regular82.
81.
regular regular
adj. occurring at fixed intervals; normal; usual; ordinary; n. frequent customer; repeat customer
common

Forms: plural: regulars
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
regulate
regularly84.
83.
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R 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words



regularly regulate
adv. at fixed intervals; at evenly-spaced intervals; usually; v. to control; to govern; to manage; to adjust to a specific
customarily level or condition

Forms: regulated; regulated; regulating
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
rehearsal
regulations86.
85.
regulations rehearsal
n. statute; law; act of controlling; management; direction n. practice session for a performance

Forms: plural: regulations Forms: plural: rehearsals
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
reimburse
rehearse88.
87.
rehearse reimburse
v. to drill; to practice an action repeatedly in order to v. to repay; to refund; to compensate for a loss; to repay
perfect it for an expense

Forms: rehearsed; rehearsed; rehearsing Forms: reimbursed; reimbursed; reimbursing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
reinforce
reimbursement90.
89.
reimbursement reinforce
n. act of paying back; repayment; compensation for a v. to strengthen; to fortify; to support; to increase
loss; repayment for an expense

Forms: plural: reimbursements Forms: reinforced; reinforced; reinforcing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
reiterate
reinforcement92.
91.
reinforcement reiterate
n. act of strengthening; reward or punishment designed v. to repeat; to say again; to restate
to encourage or discourage a particular response

Forms: plural: reinforcements Forms: reiterated; reiterated; reiterating
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
reject
reject94.
93.
reject reject
v. to decline; to deny; to turn down n. something or someone that does not match up to
standards; object of lower quality; outcast

Forms: rejected; rejected; rejecting Forms: plural: rejects
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
relation
relate96.
95.
relate relation
v. to narrate; to tell; to make a connection between; to n. narration; act of telling; family member; connection;
have a good relationship with association

Forms: related; related; relating Forms: plural: relations
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
release
relationship98.
97.
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R 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words



relationship release
n. connection; association; closeness v. to set free; to emancipate; to make available to the
general public; to surrender

Forms: plural: relationships Forms: released; released; releasing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
relevant
release100.
99.
release relevant
n. freedom; liberation; newly distributed film (or record, adj. pertinent; related; connected to the current subject
book, etc.); statement provided to the media

Forms: plural: releases
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
relief
reliable102.
101.
reliable relief
adj. credible; trustworthy; dependable n. easement; alleviation; liberation; aid; assistance

Forms: plural: reliefs
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
relocate
relinquish104.
103.
relinquish relocate
v. to cede; to surrender; to give up; to forsake; to v. to move to a different apartment; to move to a different
abandon place

Forms: relinquished; relinquished; relinquishing Forms: relocated; relocated; relocating
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
remain
rely106.
105.
rely remain
v. to depend on; to trust in v. to stay; to abide; to continue; to go on

Forms: relied; relied; relying Forms: remained; remained; remaining
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
remark
remark108.
107.
remark remark
v. to notice; to observe; to comment; to state; to say n. comment; observation; notice

Forms: remarked; remarked; remarking Forms: plural: remarks
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
remember
remarkable110.
109.
remarkable remember
adj. striking; noteworthy; extraordinary; exceptional v. to recall to the mind; to retain in one's mind; to have a
recollection

Forms: remembered; remembered; remembering
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
remit
remind112.
111.
remind remit
v. to cause to remember v. to forgive; to absolve; to release; to discharge

Forms: reminded; reminded; reminding Forms: remitted; remitted; remitting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
remote
remit114.
113.
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R 3420 TOEIC Vocabulary Words



remit remote
n. act of forgiving; discharging; dispatching adj. distant; located far away; secluded; isolated; aloof

Forms: plural: remits
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
remove
removal116.
115.
removal remove
n. act of shedding; act of taking away; elimination; v. to take off; to shed; to take away; to eliminate; to get
ejection; dismissal rid of

Forms: plural: removals Forms: removed; removed; removing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
render
remove118.
117.
remove render
n. degree of difference; promotion of a student to a higher v. to give; to submit; to transform; to represent; to depict
grade

Forms: plural: removes Forms: rendered; rendered; rendering
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
renovation
renew120.
119.
renew renovation
v. to restore to good condition; to restart; to resume; to n. act of repairing; renewal; act of restoring to good
refresh condition

Forms: renewed; renewed; renewing Forms: plural: renovations
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
rent
renowned122.
121.
renowned rent
adj. famous; prominent v. to let; to allow someone to use property in return for
regular payments; to hire

Forms: rented; rented; renting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
rental
rent124.
123.
rent rental
n. money paid for the use of property; rip; tear; laceration adj. available to lease or rent

Forms: plural: rents
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
repair
rental126.
125.
rental repair
n. money paid for the use of property; property that is v. to fix; to mend; to correct a problem or malfunction
leased; act of leasing

Forms: plural: rentals Forms: repaired; repaired; repairing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
repeat
repair128.
127.
repair repeat
n. act of fixing; correction; act of mending adj. done over again

Forms: plural: repairs
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
repetition
repeat130.
129.
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repeat repetition
n. act of redoing something n. reiteration; act of redoing something

Forms: plural: repeats Forms: plural: repetitions
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
replacement
replace132.
131.
replace replacement
v. to substitute for; to return something to a particular n. substitution; substitute
position or location

Forms: replaced; replaced; replacing Forms: plural: replacements
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
replay
replay134.
133.
replay replay
v. to rebroadcast n. rematch; repetition

Forms: replayed; replayed; replaying Forms: plural: replays
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
reply
reply136.
135.
reply reply
v. to answer; to respond n. answer; response

Forms: replied; replied; replying Forms: plural: replies
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
report
repo138.
137.
repo report
n. agreement in which the seller of securities agrees to n. detailed account of an occurrence or situation
buy them back at a specified time and price

Forms: plural: repos Forms: plural: reports
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
represent
report140.
139.
report represent
v. to provide a detailed statement about an occurrence or v. to act as an agent on behalf of a person or
situation; inform organization; to symbolize

Forms: reported; reported; reporting Forms: represented; represented; representing
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
representative
representative142.
141.
representative representative
n. delegate; agent; person who acts on behalf of another adj. typical; characteristic; acting on behalf of another
person or organization person or organization

Forms: plural: representatives
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
reputation
reprove144.
143.
reprove reputation
v. to accuse; to admonish n. regard; esteem; renown

Forms: reproved; reproved; reproving Forms: plural: reputations
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
request
request146.
145.
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request request
n. petition; instance of asking for something; something v. to ask for; to petition for
that is asked for; object of a petition

Forms: plural: requests Forms: requested; requested; requesting
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
requirement
require148.
147.
require requirement
v. to demand; to claim; to need; to call for; to order; to n. something that is demanded; necessity; something that
command is needed

Forms: required; required; requiring Forms: plural: requirements
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
rescue
reschedule150.
149.