The Minnesota Academic Standards in Language Arts are
organized by grade level into three general strands: 1) Reading and
Literature, 2) Writing, and 3) Speaking, Listening and Viewing.
One or more categories or sub-strands of standards are listed under
each strand. For example, the Reading and Literature strand
includes the sub-strands of Word Recognition, Analysis and
Fluency, Vocabulary Expansion, Comprehension and Literature.