Illustrator CS4 For Dummies- P9

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Illustrator CS4 For Dummies- P9

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Illustrator CS4 For Dummies- P9: Adobe Illustrator is the gold standard for creating exciting, color-rich artwork for print, the Web, or even mobile devices. Whether you’re stepping up to Illustrator CS4 or tackling Illustrator for the first time, you’ll find Illustrator CS4 For Dummies is the perfect partner. This full-color guide gives you the scoop on the newest tools, tips on color control and path editing, ways to organize graphics, and how to get your work into print or on the Web.

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  1. 352 Illustrator CS4 For Dummies matte Move tool, object transformations, GIF files, 316 226–227 JPEG format, 319 multimedia, RGB color mode measurement units advantages, 17 document preferences, 13, 15 Myriad Pro, font family, 263 selecting, 331–332 type, 265–267 Menu bar, hiding/displaying, 331 •N• menu items, keyboard shortcuts, New Action dialog box, creating custom 337–338 actions, 341–342 menus New Brush dialog box, custom brush command structure, 22–23 creation, 169 contextual, 24 New Color Group, Swatches panel, ellipsis (...) display, 23 103, 105 grayed-out (unavailable) commands, 23 New Document dialog box item selections, 23 artboard preferences, 13–14 keyboard shortcuts, 23 color modes, 13, 15–18 pop-up, 22 document naming conventions, 13–14 right-click/Control key, 24 measurement units, 13, 15 submenus, 23 page size settings, 13–15 Merge command, Pathfinder panel, 88 project preferences, 12–18 Mesh tool New Swatch, Swatches panel, 103, 105 appearance settings, 189 Next Object Above command, Select color selections, 187 menu, 127 gradients, 186–190 Next Object Below command, Select path editing, 187 menu, 127 soft-beveled objects, 189–190 Non-Uniform scale, object meshes, Envelope distortion, BC10–BC11 transformations, 229 Microsoft Office, file saving support, 70 Minus Back command, Pathfinder panel, 88 •O• Minus Front mode, Pathfinder panel, 86 Object command, Select menu, 127 mirror images, Reflect tool, 231 objects. See also shapes mistakes, undoing, 34 3D effects, 203–204 Miter Join attribute, strokes, 195 active layer selections, 127 monitors alignment functions, 249 aliasing issues, 278 artboard selections, 127 color issues, 278 automatic gradient mesh, 188–189 resolutions, 37, 278 basic shapes, 76–84 morphing, object blending, 60 blends, 60 mouse, right-click menu display, 24 bounding box, 228 Move dialog box, object transformations, clipping masks, 60–61, 197–198 226–227 compound paths, 62–64
  2. Index 353 compound shapes, 62–64 vertical alignment, 252–253 copying while transforming, 234 warp effects, BC04–BC05 cropping, 88 one-third rule, Pen tool, 142–143 custom symbol creation, 93 on-screen objects, stacking order, deselecting, 127 240–241 distortion effects, 55–57, BC01–BC04 opacity, Appearance panel, 208 effect editing, 204–205 opacity, object fades, 191–192 expanding, 329–330 Open a Recent Item, user file access, 12–13 fades, 191–192 Open dialog box, 26–27 fills, 208–211 open paths flare effects, 64–66 versus closed paths, 140 grouping, 58 fills, 102 grouping rules, 248 origin point, object scaling, 229 hiding/displaying, 330–331 Outline command, Pathfinder panel, 88 hole creation, 325–327 Outline mode, document viewing, 30–31 horizontal alignment, 252–253 Outside Corner tile, Pattern brush, 177–178 inverse selections, 127 liquifying, BC06–BC09 live effects, 201–202 •P• merging, 88 Page Tiling moving, 53–54 Artboard display, 26 outlining, 88 hiding/displaying, 330 overlapping, 87 printable area display, 277 path distortions, 55–57 Paintbrush tool Rasterization effects, 205–206 preference settings, 168 removing effects, 204–205 workflow process, 167–168 reordering, 57 painting programs, versus drawing reselecting, 127 programs, 11 saving selections, 127 panels Select menu selections, 126–128 combining, 21 selected object display, 53–54 docking, 21 selecting all, 126 hiding/displaying, 330 selection tools, 52–53, 120–126 icon view, 21–22 Smart Guides, 249–250 opening/closing, 21 soft-beveled, 189–190 pop-up menus, 22 stacking order, 240–241 positioning, 336 stacking order selections, 127 tabbing, 21 strokes, 208–211 Pantone swatch library, white color, style application methods, 217–218 328–329 transformations, 54–55, 226–232 Paragraph panel transparent, 59–60 paragraph adjustments, 270–272 trimming, 88 type editing, 261
  3. 354 Illustrator CS4 For Dummies Paragraph Styles panel, type editing, 276 object holes, 325–327 Paste dialog box, copying/pasting open path fills, 102 Photoshop files, 296–298 partial transformations, 236–237 pasteboard, document area display, Path Eraser tool, 158 25–26 pattern application, 112–113 path direction rule, Pen tool, 143 Pencil tool editing, 157 Path Eraser tool, erasing paths, 158 Pencil tool preferences, 156–157 path-based images point editing, 128–132 described, 46 point on a path selection, 120 versus pixel-based, 37–44 selection tools, 120–126 printing, 44–46 smooth anchor points, 130–131, Web graphics, 319–321 134–135 Pathfinder panel Smooth tool, 157–158 combining/separating shapes, 84–88 straight-corner anchor points, compound shapes, 86–87 130–131, 135 object creation, 89–90 stroking, 100 shape modes, 85–86 type conversion, 274–275 paths Pattern brush adding/subtracting points, 131–132 artwork positioning, 178–180 anchor points, 47–49, 134 context sensitive, 177 blending, 237–238 fit settings, 178 clipping masks, 60–61 naming, 177 closed versus open, 140 repeating artwork, 165–166 combination-corner anchor points, scale settings, 178 130–131, 136–138 spacing distance, 178 compound objects, 62–64 testing, 180–181 crossed path fills, 102 tiles, 176–178 curved-corner anchor points, Pattern Brush Options dialog box, 130–131, 135–136 preference settings, 177–180 Direct Selection tool, 122 pattern fills, Envelope distortion, BC13 direction points, 47–49 patterns Envelope distortion, BC11–BC12 applying to a path, 112–113 filling, 100 custom pattern creation, 113–114 gradient fills, 114–118 Swatches panel, 104 gradient mesh, 187 Pen tool Group Selection tool, 123–124 angles, 139 guide conversion, 252 circle drawing, 146–147 handles, 47–49 closed versus open paths, 140 line segments, 120, 134 combination-corner anchor points, multiple item selections, 124–125 136–138, 145–146 multiple stroke addition, 102 curve drawing, 140–146, 159 object distortions, 55–57 curve transitions, 144
  4. Index 355 curved-corner anchor points, image editing, 11 135–136, 145 opening files in Illustrator, 299 direction point lengths rule, 144 pixel-based images, 37–44 drawing anchor points, 145–146 Place preview box, 297–298 heart shape drawing, 147–148 Photoshop Document (PSD) format, 295 line segment focus rule, 144 Photoshop Effects, Illustrator logo tracing, 159 integration, 327 one-third rule, 142–143 Photoshop Export Options dialog box, overcompensation, 144 exporting graphics, 300 path direction rule, 143 PICT format, built-in Macintosh pixel scanned art tracing, 159 format, 295 shape drawing, 146–148 Pixel Preview mode, Web graphics, slash (/) character display, 159 308–309 smooth anchor points, 134–135 pixel-based images straight line drawing, 159 dimming percentages, 247 straight lines, 139 versus path-based, 37–44 straight-corner anchor points, 135 printing shortcomings, 45 switching between Pencil/Pen tool, 159 pixels Pencil tool dimensioning, 154 closed paths, 152 Rasterization effects, 205–206 curve shortcomings, 159 Place dialog box, embedding/linking editing existing path, 151 files, 288–290 fidelity settings, 152–154 Place preview box, Photoshop, 297–298 fill/stroke settings, 151 point type, non-wrapping type, 259 line drawing workflow, 150–151 points. See also anchor points path editing, 157 adding/subtracting, 131–132 Path Eraser tool, 158 adjustments, 128–132 path preferences, 156–157 anchor conversions, 130–131 path selections, 151 direction, 129–130 preference settings, 151–157 direction handles, 129–130 sketching, 160 document measurement unit, 13, 15 Smooth tool, 157–158 editing, 128–132 smoothness settings, 154–156 nudging, 129 switching between Pen/Pencil tool, 159 path anchors, 47–49 Pencil Tool Options dialog box, path direction, 47–49 preference settings, 152–157 relocating, 129 pentagons, Polygon tool, 76, 78–80 type measurement unit, 265–267 Photoshop Polar Grid tool, grid drawing, 82–84 copying/pasting files, 296–298 Polygon tool, basic shapes, 76, 78–80 dragging/dropping files, 296–209 pop-up menus, panels, 22 exporting graphics, 299–300 Portable Document Format (PDF), file placements, 298 68, 295
  5. 356 Illustrator CS4 For Dummies Portable Network Graphics (PNG) printable area indicator, 277–278 format, 295, 309, 311, 319 printer selections, 283 PostScript RGB color mode advantages, 17 Bézier curves, 45–46 separations, 282–286 EPS files, 303 process colors, Swatches panel, 103 Illustrator development history, 10 progression, JPEG format, 318 Preferences dialog box, Illustrator Projecting Cap attribute, strokes, 195 settings, 338–339 projects Pressure Pens, Liquify tools, BC08 Create New selections, 13–14 Preview mode, document viewing, 30–31 templates, 31–32 previews, EPS files, 302 Web documents, 66–67 Print dialog box Pucker & Bloat dialog box, object composite proofs, 282–283 distortion, 56 multiple copy settings, 283 Pucker & Bloat effect page range settings, 283 distortions, BC01–BC02 printer selections, 283 stroke application, 214–215 printing artwork, 278 Pucker effect, objects, 56 printing documents, 35 Pucker tool, object distortion, BC07 printing separations, 285–286 quick printing, 279–280 printable area, dotted line indicator, •Q• 277–278 quality, JPEG format, 318 printers QuarkXPress, page layout program, 11 aliasing issues, 278 color issues, 278 resolutions, 278 •R• RGB color mode advantages, 17 radial gradients, Gradient panel, 117–118 selecting, 283 Radiograph pen, line drawing tool, 133 printing Rasterization effects, objects, 205–206 aliasing issues, 278 Rectangle tool, basic shapes, 76–78 Bézier curves, 45–46 rectangles, Rectangle tool, 76–78 composite proofs, 282–283 Rectangular Grid tool, grid drawing, Document Setup dialog box, 279–281 82–84 documents, 34–35 Redo command, redoing changes, 34 Grayscale color model, 109 Reflect dialog box, object keyboard shortcuts, 337–338 transformations, 231–232 layers, 247 Reflect tool, object transformations, monitor versus printer resolutions, 278 230–231 multiple copies, 283 reflections out-of-gamut warnings, 107 Flare tool, 76 page range settings, 283 object effects, 64–66 path-based image advantages, 44–46 object transformations, 230–221
  6. Index 357 registration colors, Swatches panel, 104 Save command, existing documents, 68 relationships, object groups, 248 Save for Web & Devices dialog box Relink command, Links panel, 293 creating Web graphics, 313–314 resampling, path-based image document saving, 69–70 advantages, 41 GIF file creation, 315–317 Reselect command, Select menu, 127 JPEG file creation, 317–319 resolutions slices, 321–322 monitor versus printer, 278 Save Selection command, Select pixel-based images, 37–38 menu, 127 Rasterization effects, 205 scalability, path-based image Web graphics, 305–306 advantages, 39–42 RGB color mode, document preferences, Scale dialog box, object 13, 15–18 transformations, 229 RGB color model, Web graphics, Scale tool 109–110, 306 object transformations, 227–230 Right Indent control, paragraph spacing, partial transformations, 237–238 270–271 path blending, 238 Rotate tool Scaleable Vector Graphics (SVG) format, object transformations, 52–53, 230 295, 309, 312, 320–321 path blending, 238 Scallop tool, object distortion, BC07 rotation, object transformations, 230 scanned art, Pen tool tracing, 159 Roughen effect scanners, pixel-based images, 37–38 distortions, BC02 Scatter brush objects, 56 scatter around a path, 165–166 Round Cap attribute, strokes, 195 stroke preferences, 172–175 Round Join attribute, strokes, 195 versus Symbol Sprayer, 175 Rounded Rectangle tool, basic shapes, Scatter Brush Options dialog box, stroke 76–77 preferences, 173–175 rows, gradient mesh, 188 Scratch area, document area display, rulers, changing measurement units, 25–26 331–332 screen display, RGB color model, 109–110 rules, guide creation, 249–252 Scribble & Tweak effect, distortions, BC02 •S• Scribble effect, objects, 56 scroll bars, document navigation, 30 Same command, Select menu, 127 searches, Swatch libraries, 106 sans serif fonts, when to use, 264 Select menu, object selections, Save A Copy command, document 53, 126–128 saving, 69 Selection tool Save As command, first time document bounding box, 229 save, 68–69 moving objects, 53–54 Save As dialog box, first time document object selections, 52–53 save, 33–34 path selections, 121–122
  7. 358 Illustrator CS4 For Dummies Send Backward command, object sketches, Pencil tool advantages, 160 stacking order, 241 skew. See Shear tool Send to Back command, object stacking slash (/) character, Pen tool, 159 order, 241 Slice tool, Web graphics, 321–322 Send to Current Layer command, object slices, Web graphics, 321–322 stacking order, 241 Smart Guides separations, printing, 282–286 distorted text selection, BC05 serif fonts, when to use, 264 enabling, 249–250 service bureaus Illustrator development element, 10 embedded versus linked files, 290–291 smooth anchor points, conversions, printing separations, 282–286 130–131, 134–135 shading effects, Mesh tool, 185–190 Smooth tool shadows, Shear tool, 232 path smoothing, 157–158 shapes. See also objects smoothing paths, 152 arcs, 162 smoothness circles, 146–147 Pencil tool settings, 154–156 compound objects, 62–64 Smooth tool settings, 158 crescent moon, 89 Snap to Grid command, grids 84 ellipse, 76, 78 Snap to Point function, object grids, 82–84 alignments, 249 hearts, 147–148 soft-beveled objects, Mesh tool, 189–190 Pathfinder panel, 84–88 Sort commands, Links panel, 293–294 Pen tool drawing, 146–148 Space After Paragraph control, polygons, 76, 78–80 paragraph spacing, 271 rectangles, 76–78 Space Before Paragraph control, rounded rectangles, 76–77 paragraph spacing, 270–271 spirals, 163–164 spacing, paragraphs, 270–272 stars, 76, 81 Spectrum bar, Color panel, 107 sunrise, 90 Spiral tool, curved line drawing, 163–164 Shear tool, object transformations, 232 splash screen, Illustrator startup, 12 Shift key spot colors angle drawings, 139 Rasterization effects, 206 bounding box sizing, 228 Swatches panel, 104–105 Lasso tool selections, 125 squares, Rectangle tool, 76–78 multiple item selections, 124–125 stacking order object alignments, 249 layers, 244–245 Pen tool circle drawing, 146–147 object arrangements, 240–241 Show commands, Links panel, 293–294 Star tool, basic shapes, 76, 81 Show Swatch Kinds, Swatches panel, Start tile, Pattern brush, 177–178 103, 105 storage space, path-based image Side tile, Pattern brush, 176–177 advantages, 39, 42–43 simplify, Liquify tools, BC08 straight lines, Pen tool, 139, 159
  8. Index 359 straight-corner anchor points, redefining existing, 219–220 conversions, 130–131, 135 reusing customized effects, BC05 Stray Points command, Select menu, 128 type, 276 Stroke box subgroups, Group Selection tool, applying patterns to paths, 113 123–124 Color panel, 107 submenus, menu indicator, 23 Color Picker display, 99 sunrise, drawing, 90 color swapping, 99 SVG format, saving Web graphics, default stroke color, 99 320–321 object selections, 98 SVG Options dialog box, SVG file Stroke Color command, Select menu, 128 creation, 321 Stroke panel Swatch libraries Bevel Join, 195 displaying, 104 Butt Cap, 195 searches, 106 Caps, 194–195 Swatches panel, 103–104 Dashes, 195–197 Swatch Options, Swatches panel, default panel display, 21 103, 105–106 Joins, 195 Swatches panel Miter Join, 195 applying patterns to paths, 112–113 Projecting Cap, 195 attribute settings, 105 Round Cap, 195 color modes, 106 Round Join, 195 color selections, 103 width settings, 101–102 color sliders, 106 Stroke Weight command, Select creating new, 105 menu, 128 creating patterns, 113–114 strokes deleting, 105 Appearance panel, 208–211, 214–215 displaying Swatch Libraries, 104, 106 Caps, 194–195 fill/stroke colors, 100 color swapping, 99 filtering swatch types, 105 Dashes, 195–197 gamut warnings, 106 defined, 97 global settings, 105 expanding objects, 329–330 gradients, 104 hiding/displaying, 98 grouping swatches, 105 Joins, 195 patterns, 104 multiple, 102 process colors, 103 path colors, 100 radial gradients, 117–118 Pucker & Bloat effect, 214–215 registration colors, 104 width settings, 100–102 reusing, 332 styles saving new colors, 108 creating, 218–219 spot colors, 104–105 graphic versus text, 221 swatch color naming, 105 object application, 217–218 Swatch Libraries, 104–105
  9. 360 Illustrator CS4 For Dummies Symbol Screener tool, symbol editing, 94 text styles, versus graphic styles, 221 Symbol Scruncher tool, symbol 3D effects, objects, 203–204 editing, 94 3D Extrude & Bevel dialog box, object Symbol Shifter tool, symbol editing, 94 effects, 203–204 Symbol Sizer tool, symbol editing, 94 thumbnails Symbol Spinner tool, symbol editing, 94 EPS files, 302 Symbol Sprayer tool Layers panel, 242–243 repeating graphics, 91–92 tiles, Pattern brush, 176–178 versus Scatter brush, 175 title bar, document name display, 34 Symbol Stainer tool, symbol editing, 94 tonal effects, Mesh tool, 185–190 Symbol Styler tool, symbol editing, 94 Tools panel Symbolism tools, creating symbols, Fill box, 98–99 94–96 Full Screen Mode w/Menu Bar Symbolism Tools Options dialog box, display, 331 symbol preferences, 95–96 hiding/displaying, 20 symbols hiding/displaying panels, 330 custom creation, 93 hiding/displaying tools, 19–20 deleting, 96 keyboard shortcuts, 336–337 duplicating, 96 Liquify tools, BC06–BC07 editing, 94 selection tools, 52–53, 120–126 exporting as Flash (SWF) file, 95 shape tools, 76 graphic conversion, 95 Stroke box,––99 instance placement, 95 Symbolism tools, 94–96 naming/renaming, 96 tool selections, 19–20 pressure-sensitive tablets, 96 toolslots, 19–20 Symbol Sprayer tool, 91–92 tooltips, 20 transformation tools, 52–53 •T• toolslots, Tools panel subdivisions, 19–20 Tab key, hiding/displaying panels, ToolTips, enabling/disabling, 20, 331 20, 330 tracking, type spacing, 268 Tagged Image File Format (TIFF), 295 Transform Again dialog box, repeating tangent handles, Liquify tools, BC08 transformations, 235–236 templates Transform Each dialog box, object Create New selections, 13–14, 32 transformations, 234–235 layers, 247 Transform panel, object text. See also type transformations, 233 Character panel, 20–21 transformations compound paths, 62–64 blends, 237–238 graphic style application, 221–222 copying while transforming, 234 revising w/o changing the effect, BC05 Move tool, 226–227 warp effects, BC04–BC05 partial, 236–237
  10. Index 361 Reflect tool, 230–231 styles, 276 repeating, 235–236 tracking space, 268 Rotate tool, 230 Type Area Select function, 333 Scale tool, 227–230 type masks, 272–274 selected objects, 54–55, 234–236 Type Tool(s), 258–260 Shear tool, 232 typefaces, 262–265 Transform panel, 233 typefaces transparency changing, 262–263 blend modes, 192–193 defined, 262 EPS files, 303 EPS files, 302–303 GIF files, 316 multiple style, 264–265 object fading effects, 59–60 Myriad Pro, 263 Transparency panel sans serif, 264 hiding/displaying, 21 serif, 264 object fades, 191–192 triangles, Polygon tool, 76, 78–80 Trim command, Pathfinder panel, 88 •U• twirl rate, Liquify tools, BC08 Undo command, correcting Twirl tool, object distortion, BC06 mistakes, 34 Twist Effect, distortions, BC04 Uniform scale, object Type & Auto Tracing Preferences dialog transformations, 229 box, 333 unit of measurement, document Type Area Select control, enabling/ preferences, 13, 15 disabling, 333 Unite mode, Pathfinder panel, 85–86 type. See also text Update Link command, Links panel, 293 area type, 259–260 user interfaces baseline, 267 document area, 25–26 baseline shift, 269 Illustrator development element, 10 Character panel, 260–261 Welcome screen, 12–14 clipping masks, 272–274 workspace, 19–24 font families, 262–265 fonts, 262–265 kerning space, 268 •V• leading space, 267–268 vector graphics multiple font style avoidance, 264–265 described, 46 Paragraph panel, 261, 270–272 versus pixel-based, 37–44 Paragraph Styles panel, 276 printing, 44–46 path conversion, 274–275 Web graphics, 319–321 point size settings, 266–267 vertical alignment, objects, 252–253 point type, 259 Vertical Scale, stretching type, 269 points measurement unit, 265–267 vignettes, clipping masks, 60–61 scaling, 269
  11. 362 Illustrator CS4 For Dummies Web sites •W• Adobe Reader, 68 Warp Options dialog box, distortion bonus chapters, 4 effects, BC04–BC05 Web Snap, GIF files, 316 Warp tool, object distortions, 57, BC06 Web-safe colors, Web graphics, 307–308 warps Welcome screen distortion effects, BC04–BC05 hiding/displaying, 14 Envelope distortion BC09–BC10 interface elements, 12–14 Web color panel, Web-safe colors, white color, Pantone swatch library, 307–308 328–329 Web colors, out-of-gamut warnings, 107 Windows PC Web documents .ai file extension, 23–24, 70 project tasks, 66–67 launching Illustrator, 12 RGB color mode advantages, 17 right-click context menus, 24 Web graphics. See also graphics workspace, panel positioning, 336 creating, 313–314 Wrinkle tool, object distortion, BC07 file formats, 309–312 GIF file format, 308 Pixel Preview mode, 308–309 •Z• RGB color model, 109–110, 306 Zig Zag effect, object distortions, 56, saving as a GIF file, 315–317 BC02–BC03 size/resolution issues, 305–306 Zoom tool, document viewing, 28–29 slices, 321–322 zooming vector graphics, 319–321 keyboard shortcuts, 29–30 Web-safe colors, 307–308 Zoom tool, 28–29 Web pages, Getting Started links, 12–13 Web Safe RGB color model, universal support, 110
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