Implementing Microsoft® Windows® 2000 Clustering Delivery Guide

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Implementing Microsoft® Windows® 2000 Clustering Delivery Guide

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  1. Implementing Microsoft ® Windows 2000 ® Clustering Delivery Guide Course Number: 2087A Part Number: X05-99749 Released: 12/2000
  2. Information in this document is subject to change without notice. The names of companies, products, people, characters, and/or data mentioned herein are fictitious and are in no way intended to represent any real individual, company, product, or event, unless otherwise noted. Complying with all applicable copyright laws is the responsibility of the user. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, for any purpose, without the express written permission of Microsoft Corporation. If, however, your only means of access is electronic, permission to print one copy is hereby granted. Microsoft may have patents, patent applications, trademarks, copyrights, or other intellectual property rights covering subject matter in this document. Except as expressly provided in any written license agreement from Microsoft, the furnishing of this document does not give you any license to these patents, trademarks, copyrights, or other intellectual property.  2000 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Active Directory, BackOffice, Jscript, PowerPoint, Visual Basic, Visual Studio, Win32, Windows, Windows NT are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the U.S.A. and/or other countries. Other product and company names mentioned herein may be the trademarks of their respective owners. Program Manager: Don Thompson Product Manager: Greg Bulette Instructional Designers: April Andrien, Priscilla Johnston, Diana Jahrling Subject Matter Experts: Jack Creasey, Jeff Johnson Technical Contributor: James Cochran Classroom Automation: Lorrin Smith-Bates Graphic Designer: Andrea Heuston (Artitudes Layout & Design) Editing Manager: Lynette Skinner Editor: Elizabeth Reese Copy Editor: Bill Jones (S&T Consulting) Production Manager: Miracle Davis Build Manager: Julie Challenger Print Production: Irene Barnett (S&T Consulting) CD Production: Eric Wagoner Test Manager: Eric R. Myers Test Lead: Robertson Lee (Volt Technical) Creative Director: David Mahlmann Media Consultation: Scott Serna Illustration: Andrea Heuston (Artitudes Layout & Design) Localization Manager: Rick Terek Operations Coordinator: John Williams Manufacturing Support: Laura King; Kathy Hershey Lead Product Manager, Release Management: Bo Galford Lead Technology Manager: Sid Benavente Lead Product Manager, Content Development: Ken Rosen Group Manager, Courseware Infrastructure: David Bramble Group Product Manager, Content Development: Julie Truax Director, Training & Certification Courseware Development: Dean Murray General Manager: Robert Stewart Course Number: 2087A Part Number: X05-99749 Released: 12/2000
  3. Implementing Microsoft® Windows® 2000 Clustering iii Contents Introduction Course Materials ..................................................................................................2 Prerequisites.........................................................................................................3 Course Outline .....................................................................................................4 Microsoft Certified Professional Program ...........................................................6 Facilities...............................................................................................................8 Module 1: Introduction to Windows Clustering Overview..............................................................................................................1 Defining Clustering Features ...............................................................................2 Introducing Application Architecture ..................................................................4 Identifying Availability and Scalability Requirements........................................6 Introducing Microsoft Windows 2000 Clustering .............................................13 Comparing Network Load Balancing to Cluster Service...................................18 Identifying the Application and Service Environments .....................................19 Discussion: Evaluating Business Scenarios.......................................................21 Review ...............................................................................................................27 Module 2: Concepts of Server Clusters Overview..............................................................................................................1 Introduction to Server Clusters ............................................................................2 Multimedia: Microsoft Windows 2000 Cluster Service ......................................7 Key Concepts of a Server Cluster ........................................................................9 Demonstration: Cluster Concepts ......................................................................26 Choosing a Server Cluster Configuration ..........................................................27 Applications and Services on Server Clusters ...................................................36 Review ...............................................................................................................44 Module 3: Preparing for Cluster Service Installation Overview..............................................................................................................1 Pre-Installation Requirements..............................................................................2 Identifying Hardware Considerations ..................................................................8 Assigning IP Addresses Within a Cluster ..........................................................16 Assigning Names Within a Cluster....................................................................18 Determining Domain Considerations.................................................................20 Existing Services and Applications....................................................................23 Lab A: Configuring Advanced Server for Cluster Installation ..........................24 Review ...............................................................................................................31 Module 4: Installing Cluster Service Overview..............................................................................................................1 Installing Cluster Service .....................................................................................2 Post-Installation .................................................................................................10 Lab A: Installing Cluster Service.......................................................................16 Review ...............................................................................................................23
  4. iv Implementing Microsoft® Windows® 2000 Clustering Module 5: Cluster Administration Overview............................................................................................................. 1 Administration Tools .......................................................................................... 2 Configuring the Cluster Properties...................................................................... 9 Creating a Group............................................................................................... 15 Creating a Cluster Resource.............................................................................. 17 Failover and Failback........................................................................................ 21 Lab A: Creating Cluster Resources................................................................... 27 Review .............................................................................................................. 33 Module 6: Creating Cluster Resources Overview............................................................................................................. 1 Creating a File Share Resource ........................................................................... 2 Lab A: Creating Cluster File Shares ................................................................... 7 Creating a Cluster Print Share........................................................................... 15 Lab B: Creating a Print Share ........................................................................... 20 Configuring Clustered Applications and Services ............................................ 26 Using Cluster Application Wizard .................................................................... 31 Lab C: Creating a WINS Resource ................................................................... 32 Review .............................................................................................................. 36 Module 7: Server Cluster Maintenance and Troubleshooting Overview............................................................................................................. 1 Cluster Maintenance ........................................................................................... 2 Troubleshooting Cluster Service....................................................................... 11 Lab A: Cluster Maintenance ............................................................................. 24 Review .............................................................................................................. 30 Module 8: Concepts of A Network Load Balancing Cluster Overview............................................................................................................. 1 Network Load Balancing Concepts .................................................................... 2 Application and Service Environment ................................................................ 8 Network Load Balancing Functionality ............................................................ 12 Network Load Balancing Architecture ............................................................. 19 Lab A: Planning an Installation ........................................................................ 31 Review .............................................................................................................. 36 Module 9: Installing and Configuring Network Load Balancing Overview............................................................................................................. 1 Pre-Installation .................................................................................................... 2 Network Load Balancing Driver Installation ...................................................... 7 Configuring the Network Load Balancing Driver............................................... 8 Cluster Parameters .............................................................................................. 9 Host Parameters ................................................................................................ 13 Port Rules.......................................................................................................... 15 TCP/IP Properties ............................................................................................. 23 Post-Installation Configuration ......................................................................... 25 Lab A: Installing and Configuring the Network Load Balancing Driver.......... 27 Review .............................................................................................................. 44
  5. Implementing Microsoft® Windows® 2000 Clustering v Module 10: Network Load Balancing Cluster Administration Overview..............................................................................................................1 Command Line Administration ...........................................................................2 Programmatic Management Solutions ...............................................................11 Demonstration: Examining and Executing Scripts ............................................18 Microsoft Application Center 2000 ...................................................................20 Lab A: Network Load Balancing Administration ..............................................21 Review ...............................................................................................................31 Module 11: Troubleshooting a Network Load Balancing Cluster Overview..............................................................................................................1 Using Status Tools and Utilities...........................................................................2 Troubleshooting Problems .................................................................................13 Using Network Tools and Utilities ....................................................................16 Lab A: Network Load Balancing Cluster Troubleshooting ...............................21 Review ...............................................................................................................27 Module 12: Microsoft Windows 2000 Clustering Overview..............................................................................................................1 Application of Clustering Technology.................................................................2 Testing Tools .......................................................................................................4 Discussion: Implementing Clustering Technologies ...........................................6 Lab A: Implementing an N-Tiered Clustering Solution.......................................8 Review ...............................................................................................................13 Appendix Job Aid: Pre-installation Checklist Job Aid: Cluster Commands Planning Worksheet Module 8 Planning Worksheet Module 9 - Exercise 4 Planning Worksheet Module 9 - Exercise 5 Planning Worksheet Module 12
  6. Implementing Microsoft® Windows® 2000 Clustering vii About This Course This section provides you with a brief description of the course, audience, suggested prerequisites, and course objectives. Description This course provides the student with the skills to select the appropriate implementation of business solutions requiring fault tolerance and high availability. At the completion of this course, the student will be able to select and implement Microsoft® Windows® 2000 clustering solutions based on Microsoft Cluster service and Network Load Balancing service. Audience The target audience for this course includes Information Technology (IT) Professionals who have completed the core Windows 2000 curriculum or have equivalent experience. The typical student: Has completed or is working towards completion of the Microsoft Certified Systems Engineer (MCSE) certification track. Requires skills associated with planning, implementing, administering, and troubleshooting Windows 2000 clustering solutions. Is associated with organizations that need to provide access to services or data in a high availability environment. Is associated with an organization that needs to provide access to services or data for large user populations. Student Prerequisites This course requires that students meet the following prerequisites: Have completed or are working towards completion of the MCSE certification track. This course requires that students have completed Course 2153A, Implementing a Microsoft Windows 2000 Network Infrastructure, or equivalent knowledge, or Course 1560B, Updating Support Skills from Microsoft Windows NT 4.0 to Microsoft Windows 2000, or equivalent knowledge. Course Objectives After completing this course, the student will be able to: Describe Windows 2000 clustering fundamentals including Cluster service, Network Load Balancing and Component Load Balancing. Identify key concepts of Windows 2000 Cluster service. Identify hardware and network requirements and configure a computer running Windows 2000 Advanced Server in preparation for Cluster service installation. Install Microsoft Cluster service, identify changes to the operating system, locate key cluster service files and describe their function. Create cluster resources by using the Cluster Administration tools.
  7. viii Implementing Microsoft® Windows® 2000 Clustering Modify existing Cluster service resources by using administrator tools. Back up and restore a server cluster, and analyze and resolve Cluster service faults. Plan the implementation of a Network Load Balancing cluster. Install and configure a Network Load Balancing cluster. Perform administration tasks on a Network Load Balancing cluster. Analyze and resolve Network Load Balancing cluster faults. Describe how to use Network Load Balancing and Cluster service in a real- world scenario.
  8. Implementing Microsoft® Windows® 2000 Clustering ix Course Timing The following schedule is an estimate of the course timing. Your timing may vary. Day 1 Start End Module 9:00 9:30 Introduction 9:30 11:00 Module 1 11:00 11:15 Break 11:15 12:00 Module 2 12:00 1:00 Lunch 1:00 1:45 Module 2 1:45 2:45 Module 3 2:45 3:00 Break 3:00 3:15 Module 3 Lab 3:15 3:45 Module 4 3:45 4:15 Module 4 Lab 4:15 4:30 Review and Summary Day 2 Start End Module 9:00 10:30 Module 5 10:30 11:00 Break 11:00 11:15 Module 5 Lab 11:15 12:15 Module 6 12:15 1:15 Lunch 1:15 2:00 Module 6 Labs 2:00 2:45 Module 7 2:45 3:00 Module 7 Labs 3:00 3:15 Break 3:15 4:45 Module 8 4:45 5:00 Review and Summary
  9. x Implementing Microsoft® Windows® 2000 Clustering Day 3 Start End Module 9:00 9:45 Module 8 Lab 9:45 10:45 Module 9 10:45 11:00 Break 11:00 11:15 Module 9 Lab 11:15 12:00 Module 10 12:00 1:00 Lunch 1:00 1:30 Module 10 Lab 1:30 2:00 Module 11 2:00 2:15 Break 2:15 2:30 Module 11 Lab 2:30 2:45 Module 12 2:45 3:30 Module 12 Lab 3:30 4:00 Summary and Review
  10. Implementing Microsoft® Windows® 2000 Clustering xi Trainer Materials Compact Disc Contents The Trainer Materials compact disc contains the following files and folders: Default.htm. This file opens the Trainer Materials Web page. Readme.txt. This file contains a description of the compact disc contents and setup instructions in ASCII format (non-Microsoft Word document). 2087A_ms.doc. This file is the Manual Classroom Setup Guide. It contains the steps for manually installing the classroom computers. 2087A_sg.doc. This file is the Classroom Setup Guide. It contains a description of classroom requirements, classroom configuration, instructions for using the automated classroom setup scripts, and the Classroom Setup Checklist. Errorlog. This folder contains a template that is used to record any errors and corrections that you find in the course. Fonts. This folder contains fonts that are required to view the Microsoft PowerPoint® presentation and Web-based materials. Mplayer. This folder contains files that are required to install Microsoft Windows Media™ Player. Powerpnt. This folder contains the PowerPoint slides that are used in this course. Pptview. This folder contains the PowerPoint Viewer, which is used to display the PowerPoint slides. Studentcd. This folder contains the Web page that provides students with links to resources pertaining to this course, including additional reading, review and lab answers, lab files, multimedia presentations, and course- related Web sites. Tprep. This folder contains the Trainer Preparation Presentation, a narrated presentation that explains the instructional strategy for the course and presentation tips and caveats. To open the presentation, on the Trainer Materials Web page, click Trainer Preparation Presentation.
  11. xii Implementing Microsoft® Windows® 2000 Clustering Student Materials Compact Disc Contents The Student Materials compact disc contains the following files and folders: Default.htm. This file opens the Student Materials Web page. It provides you with resources pertaining to this course, including additional reading, review and lab answers, lab files, multimedia presentations, and course- related Web sites. Readme.txt. This file contains a description of the compact disc contents and setup instructions in ASCII format (non-Microsoft Word document). AddRead. This folder contains additional reading pertaining to this course. Answers. This folder contains answers to any questions in the modules and hands-on labs. Fonts. This folder contains fonts that are required to view the Microsoft PowerPoint® presentation and Web-based materials. Labfiles. This folder contains files that are used in the hands-on labs. These files may be used to prepare the student computers for the hands-on labs. Media. This folder contains files that are used in multimedia presentations for this course. Mplayer. This folder contains files that are required to install Microsoft Windows Media™ Player. Pptview. This folder contains the PowerPoint Viewer, which is used to display the PowerPoint presentations that accompany the additional reading. Webfiles. This folder contains the files that are required to view the Student Materials Web page. Wordview. This folder contains the Word Viewer that is used to view any Word document (.doc) files that are included on the compact disc.
  12. Implementing Microsoft® Windows® 2000 Clustering xiii Document Conventions The following conventions are used in course materials to distinguish elements of the text. Convention Use Indicates an introductory page. This symbol appears next to a topic heading when additional information on the topic is covered on the page or pages that follow it. Bold Represents commands, command options, and syntax that must be typed exactly as shown. It also indicates commands on menus and buttons, dialog box titles and options, and icon and menu names. Italic In syntax statements or descriptive text, indicates argument names or placeholders for variable information. Italic is also used for introducing new terms, for book titles, and for emphasis in the text. Title Capitals Indicate domain names, user names, computer names, directory names, and folder and file names, except when specifically referring to case-sensitive names. Unless otherwise indicated, you can use lowercase letters when you type a directory name or file name in a dialog box or at a command prompt. Indicate the names of keys, key sequences, and key ALL CAPITALS combinations — for example, ALT+SPACEBAR. monospace Represents code samples or examples of screen text. [] In syntax statements, enclose optional items. For example, [filename] in command syntax indicates that you can choose to type a file name with the command. Type only the information within the brackets, not the brackets themselves. {} In syntax statements, enclose required items. Type only the information within the braces, not the braces themselves. | In syntax statements, separates an either/or choice. Indicates a procedure with sequential steps. ... In syntax statements, specifies that the preceding item may be repeated. . Represents an omitted portion of a code sample. . .
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