InDesign CS5 Bible- P3

Chia sẻ: Thanh Cong | Ngày: | Loại File: PDF | Số trang:50

lượt xem

InDesign CS5 Bible- P3

Mô tả tài liệu
  Download Vui lòng tải xuống để xem tài liệu đầy đủ

InDesign CS5 Bible- P3: InDesign is a powerful tool that serves as the standard program for professional layout and design. The latest version boasts a variety of updates and enhancements. Packed with real-world examples and written by industry expert Galen Gruman, this in-depth resource clearly explains how InDesign CS5 allows for better typography and transparency features, speedier performance, and more user control than any other layout program.

Chủ đề:

Nội dung Text: InDesign CS5 Bible- P3

  1. Chapter 2: Working with Windows and Views Setting object display options Generally, you’re going to want to display the objects you’ve placed on your pages. After all, what appears on-screen is what gets printed, right? Not exactly. For example, text and graphic frames appear on-screen with blue borders, even if they’re empty, but the borders don’t print. In addition to the six zoom commands (covered earlier in this chapter), there are several commands that affect how objects appear: l View ➪ Extras ➪ Show/Hide Frame Edges (Control+Ô+H or Ctrl+H): When you choose Hide Frame Edges, text and graphics frames do not appear with a blue border. Additionally, an X does not appear in empty graphics frames when frame edges are hid- den. You might want to hide frame edges to see how a page will look when printed. Tip When you move an object by clicking and dragging, you have the choice of displaying the entire object (including the contents of a frame) or displaying only the bounding box. If you begin dragging immediately after clicking to select an object, only the bounding box appears as you drag. If you pause after clicking an object until the stem of the arrow pointer disappears and then begin dragging, the entire object appears. n l View ➪ Extras ➪ Show/Hide Text Threads (Option+Ô+Y or Ctrl+Alt+Y): When you choose Hide Text Threads, the indicator arrows that connect text frames through which a single story flows do not appear. You thus can’t quickly tell what the text flow is, but you also no longer have those distracting arrows on-screen. l In the Pages panel’s flyout menu, choose View ➪ Show/Hide Master Items. When you choose Show Master Items, any objects on the currently displayed document page’s mas- ter page appear. When you choose Hide Master Items, master objects on the currently dis- played page are hidden. This command is page-specific, so you can show or hide master objects on a page-by-page basis. l View ➪ Extras ➪ Show/Hide Notes: This shows or hides notes embedded in text (see Chapter 19). l View ➪ Extras ➪ Show/Hide Hyperlinks: This shows or hides the hyperlink display styles set for your hyperlinks (see Chapter 33); if no such hyperlink display styles are set, this command does nothing. l View ➪ Extras ➪ Show/Hide Live Corners: This shows or hides the control point on frames that lets you reshape their corners with the mouse (see Chapter 12) l View ➪ Extras ➪ Show/Hide Content Grabber: This shows or hides the doughnut- shaped icon that lets you more easily select overlapped objects (see Chapter 13). l View ➪ Show/Hide Rulers (Ô+R or Ctrl+R): This shows or hides the horizontal and vertical ruler. l View ➪ Grids & Guides ➪ Show/Hide Guides (Ô+; [semicolon] or Ctrl+; [semicolon]): This shows or hides margin, column, and layout guides. 55
  2. Part I: Welcome to InDesign l View ➪ Grids & Guides ➪ Show/Hide Baseline Grid (Option+Ô+' [apostrophe] or Ctrl+Alt+' [apostrophe]): This shows or hides the baseline grid established in the Grids pane of the Preferences dialog box. You can access this pane on a Mac by choosing InDesign ➪ Preferences ➪ Grids or pressing Ô+K; choose Edit ➪ Preferences ➪ Grids or press Ctrl+K in Windows. l View ➪ Grids & Guides ➪ Show/Hide Document Grid (Ô+' [apostrophe] or Ctrl+' [apostrophe]): This shows or hides the document-wide grid established in the Grids pane of the Preferences dialog box. Note that some of these menu option names toggle between Show and Hide each time you select them. Therefore, if the menu option begins with Hide, it means that attribute is currently being displayed; if it starts with Show, it means the attribute is currently not being displayed. New Feature The Show/Hide Frame Edges, Show/Hide Text Threads, Show/Hide Notes, and Show/Hide Hyperlinks menu options have been moved from the View menu to the new Extras submenu in the View menu. The Show/Hide Live Corners and Show/Hide Content Grabber options are new to InDesign CS5. n Cross-Reference Chapter 3 explains how to set grid and guideline defaults. Chapter 7 explains how to use grids. Chapter 10 explains how to use guidelines. Chapter 12 covers live corners, while Chapter 13 covers the content grabber. n Using screen modes As Chapter 1 noted, InDesign has five screen mode options at the bottom of the Tools panel, which you can also access by choosing View ➪ Screen Mode ➪ submenu. The Normal screen mode is the view you usually work in, so the pasteboard, frame edges, text threads, and the like are visible as you work, to make object selection and manipulation easier. (As noted earlier in this chapter, you can separately control which of those InDesign indicators dis- plays when in Normal screen mode.) The Preview mode shows the document as if it were printed or exported to a PDF or Flash file, so you can see what the user will see. You can still edit and otherwise manipulate your layout in this screen mode, but you can’t see layout aids such as frame edges except for that of the currently selected objects. The Bleed and Slug modes are variations of the Preview mode that show any objects in the bleed or slug areas beyond the page boundaries; Chapter 4 explains bleeds and slugs. New Feature The Presentation screen mode is new to InDesign CS5. It lets you show your InDesign layout as if it were a slideshow, such as for making client presentations either in person or over a screen-sharing service. (If you use a screen-sharing service, initiate the sharing session first, then switch to the Presentation screen mode.) n 56
  3. Chapter 2: Working with Windows and Views The new Presentation screen mode (which you can also access by pressing Shift+W, as long as the Type tool is not active) presents your layout as a slideshow, so you can navigate through it using the same key presses as you would with Microsoft PowerPoint, or Apple Keynote, as Table 2.1 shows. TABLE 2.1 Presentation Screen Mode’s Navigation Keys Action Key Press Mouse Click Go to next spread →, or Page Down or PgDn click Go to previous spread ←, or Page Up or PgUp Shift+click, or Control+click or right-click Go to first spread Home none Go to last spread End none Like Preview mode, Presentation mode hides all InDesign indicators and shows just what the reader would see in the final pages. However, unlike Preview mode, Presentation mode lets you change the background color of the screen; the background color appears between your monitor’s edges and the edges of the pages you are presenting. Press B to change the background to black, W to white, and G to gray (the default background color). To exit Presentation mode, press Esc. Summary InDesign can work with multiple documents simultaneously, with each document in its own docu- ment window. By default, each document window is accessed by clicking its tab, but you can dis- play document windows as floating overlapping windows or as tiles that all appear simultaneously. You can also have multiple windows open for the same document to see different pages at the same time or to show multiple views of the same page all at once. InDesign’s workspaces capability lets you save sets of panels and, optionally, their locations and any menu customizations. You can then switch among these workspaces as desired, to quickly get just the panels and menu customizations you want for the task at hand. InDesign provides several types of view controls. You can zoom in or out of your document using any of several options: the Zoom tool, the Zoom field, the Zoom Level pop-up menu, gestures, keyboard shortcuts, or the quick zoom function. 57
  4. Part I: Welcome to InDesign You can also scroll through your document to change the view focus using the scroll bars, the Hand tool, gestures, or the quick zoom function. InDesign also lets you control what layout aids appear for objects in your layout, such as frame edges, text threads, rulers, grids, and guidelines. And it lets you change screen mode, such as to preview what the layout will look like to a reader. 58
  5. CHAPTER Setting InDesign Preferences A lthough you may not realize it, Adobe has made a variety of educated guesses about the way you work. For example, it assumes you work IN THIS CHAPTER in picas, that you prefer low-resolution previews of images, and that Knowing where preferences you use typographers’ quotes. Adobe has also made decisions about the are stored default properties of text, the default color swatches included with docu- ments, and the default attributes of some objects. In all cases, Adobe tried to Setting preferences for make the defaults appropriate for most publishers. documents and the application But no matter how much thought Adobe put into making these educated Customizing keyboard guesses, they don’t work for everybody. In fact, it’s unlikely that every single shortcuts and menu options setting is appropriate for you. That’s why InDesign lets you set dozens and dozens of preferences, to make the program work the way you do. Setting defaults for documents, text, and objects So no matter how tempted you are to jump in and start working, take a min- ute to prepare InDesign for the way you actually work. Creating default colors and styles Working with Preferences Files InDesign stores preferences in several places. Some are stored in the docu- ments themselves, so they work as expected as they are moved from user to user. Others are stored in files on your computer and affect only you. Setting universal defaults One of InDesign’s best features is its ability to set universal defaults, meaning that each time you create or open a document, those preferences are used. However, this behavior is not automatic. 59
  6. Part I: Welcome to InDesign If you make changes to preferences — whether in the Preferences dialog box, in a panel, or in a menu — the preferences are applied to the current document. The next time you open that docu- ment, it uses those preferences. To make a preference apply to all new documents, you have to change that preference when no documents are open. Then they become universal preferences (you don’t even have to close InDesign for them to set). Well, almost universal: Documents created before you set those univer- sal preferences retain their own preferences just as do documents created by other people on their computers. To change universal preferences, make sure no document is open, and then change whatever pref- erences you want. InDesign Defaults file The preferences you set in InDesign, from measurement units to color-calibration settings, are all stored in the InDesign Defaults file: l On the Mac, this file is in the Users:current user:Library:Preferences:Adobe InDesign:Version 7.0 folder on the drive that contains the Mac OS X System folder. l In Windows XP, it is in the \Document and Settings\current user\ Application Data\Adobe\InDesign\Version 7.0 folder on the drive that contains Windows. l In Windows Vista and 7, it is in the \Users\current user\AppData\Local\ Adobe\InDesign\Version 7.0 folder on the drive that contains Windows. Platform Difference In Windows, the Application Data and AppData folders are hidden by default. To see the Application Data folder in Windows XP, open any folder in Windows and then choose Tools ➪ Folder Options to open the Folder Options dialog box. Go to the View pane and select the Show Hidden Files and Folders option. Click OK. To see the AppData folder in Windows Vista or 7, choose Start ➪ Computer and then choose Organize ➪ Folder and Search Options in the dialog box that appears. Go to the View pane and select the Show Hidden Files, Folders, and Drives option. Click OK. n Because some of the information affects how text flows and how documents look, you may want to standardize it for a workgroup by setting preferences once and sharing the InDesign Defaults file. (Sharing the file is a simple matter of giving copies of the file to other InDesign users to place in the appropriate system folder.) Tip To return to a blank slate, you can delete the InDesign Defaults preference files when opening InDesign; press Control+Option+Shift+Ô or Ctrl+Alt+Shift when launching InDesign. n 60
  7. Chapter 3: Setting InDesign Preferences Note If you make changes to preferences while a document is open, the changes save with that document and not in the InDesign Defaults file. The document remembers its own preference settings so that it looks the same when it’s opened on other computers running InDesign. n Presets folder The Presets folder — which is inside the folder containing the InDesign application — contains eight kinds of stored preferences: shortcut sets, color swatch libraries, workspaces, auto-correction tables, find/change tables, the button library, page transitions, and motion presets. (The other four subfolders in the Presets folder contain internal settings such as for Web and Flash export and for InDesign’s startup display; they should be left unmodified.) The latter two relate to InDesign’s interface, not preferences related to your work. Because these preferences are stored in files, they can be copied to other users’ Presets folders to help ensure con- sistent options among all users in a workgroup. Here are the eight folders that contain users’ stored preferences: l Autocorrect: This folder includes XML documents that store the automatic text-correc- tion rules that appear in the Autocorrect pane of the Preferences dialog box — both those that come with InDesign and those you add yourself (see Chapter 19). If you are knowl- edgeable in XML, you can edit this file to add more correction rules outside of InDesign (which may be helpful for a production programmer, for example). l Button Library: This folder contains a standard InDesign library file named ButtonLibrary.indll that contains the buttons defined in the Buttons panel. l Find-Change Queries: This folder’s subfolders include XML documents that store com- mon find/change queries, such as replacing two paragraph returns with one, as shown in the Query pop-up menu of the Find/Change dialog box (see Chapter 19). If you are knowledgeable in XML, you can edit these files to add more correction rules outside of InDesign. l InDesign Shortcut Sets: InDesign lets you create custom shortcut sets (explained later in this chapter), so if you don’t like the shortcuts that Adobe assigned to various commands — or if you want to add shortcuts to features when Adobe doesn’t provide them — you can make InDesign work your way. This also lets different users have their own shortcut defi- nitions on the same computer. l InDesign Workspaces: This folder contains workspace definitions. A workspace is a set of panels and panel positions that you can save for easy switching among different interfaces optimized for different layout tasks (see Chapter 2). For example, you can have all text- editing panels appear when you’re working on text, and graphics and object-handling panels appear while you’re laying out elements. l Motion Presets: This new folder contains the types of motions that you can apply to ani- mated objects for export to Adobe Flash presentation (.swf) files, as well as any motion presets you create in InDesign or import from Adobe Flash Pro. 61
  8. Part I: Welcome to InDesign l Page Transitions: This folder contains the Adobe Flash movie (.swf) files and related XML files used in page transitions in the Page Transitions panel. l Swatch Libraries: This folder contains color-swatch libraries — both those that come with InDesign and any you might add yourself. New Feature The Motion Presets folder is new to InDesign CS5. The Page Sizes folder and its New Doc Sizes.txt file are gone in InDesign CS5, removing that manual way of setting up document presets (see Chapter 4). n Cross-Reference I cover workspaces in Chapter 2; shortcut sets later in this chapter; document creation in Chapter 4; swatch libraries in Chapter 8; search and replace and auto-correction in Chapter 19; glyph sets in Chapter 23; buttons and page transitions in Chapter 34; and scripts in Chapter 37. n Using the Preferences Dialog Box Preferences are settings that affect an entire document — such as what measurement system you’re using on rulers, what color the guides are, and whether substituted fonts are highlighted. In InDesign, you access most of these settings through the Preferences dialog box: Choose InDesign ➪ Preferences ➪ desired pane or press Ô+K on the Mac, or choose Edit ➪ Preferences ➪ desired pane or press Ctrl+K in Windows. They are stored in the InDesign Defaults file in your InDesign applica- tion folder. Note You must select a specific pane from the Preferences submenu. For example, you might choose InDesign ➪ Preferences ➪ Composition on the Mac or Edit ➪ Preferences ➪ Composition in Windows. If you use the key- board shortcut Ô+K or Ctrl+K, you get the General pane, from which you can then select the desired pane from the list on the left. n The Preferences dialog box provides 18 types of settings divided into panes: General, Interface, Type, Advanced Type, Composition, Units & Increments, Grids, Guides & Pasteboard, Dictionary, Spelling, Autocorrect, Notes, Track Changes, Story Editor Display, Display Performance, Appearance of Black, File Handling, and Clipboard Handling. Go to each pane for which you want to change preferences, make your changes, and when done click OK to save them (or click Cancel to not make the changes you entered in the various panes). Caution In contrast to most actions you perform in InDesign, you cannot reverse changes to preferences using the Undo command (choose Edit ➪ Undo, or press Ô+Z or Ctrl+Z). If you change your mind about a preference setting, open the Preferences dialog box and change the setting again. n 62
  9. Chapter 3: Setting InDesign Preferences Note In this section, I take a comprehensive look at all the preferences in InDesign. I explain references that affect specific features again in the relevant chapters. For example, I cover Dictionary preferences in Chapter 19. n General preferences Options in the General pane (see Figure 3.1) affect the operation of several InDesign features. FIGURE 3.1 The General pane of the Preferences dialog box (the default settings are shown) Page Numbering area In the Page Numbering area of the Preferences dialog box, the View pop-up menu controls how page numbers appear in the fields such as the page number field on the document window. Here are the controls: l Section Numbering: This is the default setting, which means that InDesign shows the page numbers according to the information in the Section Options dialog box accessed through the Pages panel’s flyout menu. When Section Numbering is selected, by default you need to type section page numbers, such as Sec2:3, in fields used for specifying or navigating pages, such as in the Go to Page dialog box covered in Chapter 1. (Chapter 5 explains page controls in detail.) 63
  10. Part I: Welcome to InDesign l Absolute Numbering: This option, which I prefer, shows page numbers according to each page’s position in the document. For example, the first page is 1, the second page is 2, and the third page is 3, even if the pages display the Roman numerals i, ii, and iii. When this option is selected, you can always jump to the first page in a document by typing 1 in the Page Number box. Font Downloading and Embedding area The Always Subset Fonts with Glyph Counts Greater Than field is used for OpenType fonts that have many special characters, such as accented letters, symbols, and diacritical marks. To prevent output files from getting clogged with very large font files, this option lets you set the maximum number of characters (glyphs) that can be downloaded from a font file into an output file. Any characters actually used are always downloaded; the reason you might want to download an entire font is so that someone could edit the file as a PDF or EPS file and have access to all characters in the proper fonts for such editing. Object Editing area If selected, the new Prevent Selection of Locked Objects stops the mouse from being able to select a locked object (see Chapter 13). If deselected, you can select a locked object with the mouse but must still unlock it to work with it. New Feature The Prevent Selection of Locked Object option is new to InDesign CS5, and gone is the Enable Attached Scripts option: You can no longer control whether a script automatically runs if a menu invokes it; instead, all such scripts now run automatically. n The When Scaling control has two options: l When the Apply to Content radio button is selected and you resize an object with no stroke, InDesign displays the new scale whether you select the object using the Selection tool or you select its content using the Direct Selection tool. This option makes it easy to see what objects have had their content scaled when selected with the Selection tool. l When the Adjust Scaling Percentage option is selected instead, InDesign shows the resized object as 100 percent when you select it with the Selection tool, but shows the actual new scale only when you select its content using the Direct Selection tool. This has always been InDesign’s standard behavior. (If the object has a stroke, InDesign shows the new scale no matter what tool you select it with — also InDesign’s longstanding normal behavior.) Cross-Reference Chapter 11 explains how to scale objects and their contents. n 64
  11. Chapter 3: Setting InDesign Preferences Reset All Warning Dialogs button Use this button to turn on warning dialogs you may have turned off. Most warning dialog boxes have an option to turn off future warnings, and this option resets them so that they all appear again. Interface preferences InDesign has three sets of options in this pane, shown in Figure 3.2. The Cursor and Gesture Options area offers these controls: l The Tool Tips pop-up menu has three options: Normal, Fast, and None. None turns off tool tips, the labels that pop up when the mouse hovers over a panel’s icons. Fast makes the labels appear faster, which is best for new users learning the interface. Normal is the default setting and is the best for experienced users because it waits a bit before displaying the label so that it doesn’t pop up if you’re just moving the mouse slowly. l The Show Thumbnails on Place option, if selected, shows you a small preview icon of an imported text or graphics file when you use the Place command to bring it into InDesign. l The Show Transformation Values option, if selected, displays near the mouse the new set- tings as you move the mouse for sizing, scaling, and rotating objects. It is selected by default. l The new Enable Multi-Touch Gestures option, if selected, lets you use finger gestures instead of the mouse on touch-enabled devices, such as recent MacBooks and on Windows 7–based touchscreen PCs. The Panels area offers these controls: l The Floating Tools Panel pop-up menu lets you set the Tools panel as double-column width, single row, or the default single-column width. This is a matter of personal preference. l If the Auto-Collapse Icon Panels option is selected, InDesign automatically closes an open panel when the mouse is no longer within that panel. But this feature works only if the main dock has been collapsed and you are accessing the panels from it in that collapsed view. (Free-floating panels are not affected.) l The Auto-Show Hidden Panels option, if selected, adds dark gray borders to the sides of the InDesign window when you hide panels by pressing Tab. Hover the mouse over the left border to redisplay the Tools panel; hover over the right border to redisplay the main dock. (Press Tab again to get all panels back.) l The Open Documents as Tabs option, if selected, puts new documents into tabs rather than in free-floating windows. It is enabled by default. l The new Enable Floating Document Window Docking option, if selected (the default), docks a document window into the document tab bar (see Chapter 2) when you drag the window to the bar. If deselected, document windows are not docked when dragged into the tab bar. 65
  12. Part I: Welcome to InDesign The Options area offers these controls: l Using the Hand Tool slider, you can adjust screen refresh while scrolling. Either click the desired tick mark or move the slider to the desired tick mark. Selecting the leftmost tick mark means you see less detail appear as you scroll. This can speed up scrolling in com- plex documents. It has no effect on image preview when you stop scrolling, or on printing quality. l The new Live Screen Drawing pop-up menu determines how InDesign displays graphics as you reshape and move them: The Immediate option has InDesign refresh the screen in real time, the Delayed option has InDesign update the screen when you pause (a good option for slow computers), and the Never option has InDesign wait until you’ve com- pleted your action before updating the screen (an option that only very slow computers should use). New Feature The Enable Floating Document Window Docking, Live Screen Drawing, and Enable Multi-Touch Gestures set- tings are new to InDesign CS5. The Hand Tool slider has moved to the Interface pane from the Display Performance pane it occupied in previous versions. n FIGURE 3.2 The Interface pane of the Preferences dialog box (the default settings are shown) 66
  13. Chapter 3: Setting InDesign Preferences Using Gestures Thanks to the iPhone, touch-based computer interaction is becoming increasingly common. Still, only newer computers support multiple-finger touch (called multitouch) gestures: For Macs, you can use the trackpads in a MacBook Air, a 2008 or newer model MacBook Pro, or a 2009 or newer model MacBook, or you can use the surface of an Apple Magic Mouse. For PCs, you need a touchscreen-equipped PC run- ning Windows 7 (or running an earlier version of Windows with the Pen and Tablet extensions installed). Remember: To use gestures, you place the number of fingertips indicated on the trackpad or touch- screen and then move them as described. On a Mac, you can use these gestures: l Zoom in or out: Use the pinch gesture (two fingertips moving closer) to zoom in and the expand gesture (two fingers moving apart) to zoom out. l Rotate: Use the rotate gesture (twisting two fingertips clockwise or counterclockwise) to rotate selected objects. If no objects are selected, your pasteboard is rotated in 90-degree increments. l Scroll: Drag two fingers up, down, left, or right as desired, based on where you want to scroll the screen. l Page up and down: Use the swipe gesture (drag three fingertips from right to left); to scroll to the previous page, swipe from left to right. (The swipe gesture acts as if you were pressing Page Up and Page Down keys.) In Windows, you can use these gestures: l Zoom in or out: Use the pinch gesture (two fingertips moving closer) to zoom in and the expand gesture (two fingers moving apart) to zoom out. You can also double-tap to zoom into where you tapped. l Rotate: Use the rotate gesture (twisting two fingertips clockwise or counterclockwise) to rotate selected objects. If no objects are selected, your pasteboard is rotated in 90-degree increments. l Scroll: Drag one finger up, down, left, or right as desired, based on where you want to scroll the screen. l Page up and down: Use the Forward flick gesture (quickly drag a finger a short distance to the right); to scroll to the previous page, use the Back flick (to the left). (The flick gesture acts as if you were pressing PgUp and PgDn keys.) Type preferences Options in the Type pane of the Preferences dialog box, shown in Figure 3.3, affect how several character formats work, whether you use typographer’s quotes, and how text appears on-screen. Type Options area These options control how InDesign handles character formatting behind the scenes as you work. Note that the first four of the seven Type Options that control different aspects of InDesign’s char- acter handling are selected by default. 67
  14. Part I: Welcome to InDesign l Use Typographer’s Quotes: When you press the quotation mark key on the keyboard with Use Typographer’s Quotes selected, InDesign inserts the correct typographer’s quota- tion marks (often called curly quotes) for the current language in use. For example, for U.S. English, InDesign inserts typographic single quotation marks (‘ ’) or double quotation marks (“ ”) rather than straight quotation marks. For French and some other languages, InDesign inserts double angle brackets (« »). InDesign knows what language’s characters to use based on the Language pop-up menu in the Character panel (choose Type ➪ Character or press Ô+T or Ctrl+T), or in the Paragraph Style and Character Style panels’ Advanced Character Formats pane (choose Type ➪ Paragraph Styles or press Ô+F11 or Ctrl+F11, and choose Type ➪ Character Styles or press Shift+Ô+F11 or Ctrl+Shift+F11). FIGURE 3.3 The Type pane of the Preferences dialog box (the default settings are shown) l Type Tool Converts Frame to Text Frames: Selected by default, this option has InDesign automatically convert an empty frame to a text frame if you click it with the Type tool. If this option is deselected, you have to choose Object ➪ Content ➪ Text to convert a selected graphic or unassigned frame to a text frame. l Automatically Use Correct Optical Size: When selected, this option automatically accesses OpenType and PostScript fonts that include an optimal size axis, which ensures optimal readability at any size. 68
  15. Chapter 3: Setting InDesign Preferences l Triple Click to Select a Line: When this option is selected, InDesign lets you triple-click anywhere in a line to select the whole line. This used to be a standard shortcut in Mac applications but has fallen into disuse. l Apply Leading to Entire Paragraphs: If this option is selected, InDesign applies leading changes to the entire paragraph as opposed to the current line. In most cases, you want the leading (the spacing between lines) to be applied to all paragraphs, so I recommend that you select this option. (It is not selected by default in InDesign.) l Adjust Spacing Automatically When Cutting and Pasting Words: This option is selected by default and adds or deletes spaces around words when you cut and paste so that words don’t abut or have too many spaces next to them. l Font Preview Size: If selected, this option displays a preview in all menus in which lists of fonts appear. The preview shows the actual font so that you can see what you’ll get before selecting the font. The pop-up menu at right lets you select the size of the preview. Figure 3.4 shows an example. Note that if you have lots of fonts, the preview menu size quickly becomes unwieldy. FIGURE 3.4 Example of a font menu that appears when Font Preview Size is selected and set to medium size Drag and Drop Text Editing area The options here control whether you can drag and drop text selections within a document. By default, Enable in Story Editor is selected, whereas Enable in Layout View is deselected. These default settings mean you can drag and drop text in the Story Editor but not when working on a layout, the rationale being that a layout artist could inadvertently move text if it were selected for the layout view. Smart Text Reflow area The options here control how text is auto-flowed into blank and new pages (see Chapter 18): l Add Pages To: This pop-up menu determines how pages are added to accommodate new text. The menu options are End of Story, End of Section, and End of Document. l Limit to Master Text Frames: If selected, this option adds text only using the master page text frame defined for your document (as described in Chapters 5 and 18). It is selected by default. 69
  16. Part I: Welcome to InDesign l Preserve Facing-Page Spreads: If selected, this option won’t let pages be added in such a way that breaks apart facing-page spreads that have objects already on them. l Delete Empty Pages: If selected, this option deletes any blank pages in the document after the new pages are inserted, including blank pages that you may have created but not yet added objects to (in other words, not just those at the end of the document). Advanced Type preferences The Advanced Type pane includes additional typographic settings, as shown in Figure 3.5. The flyout menu on the Character panel (choose Type ➪ Character or press Ô+T or Ctrl+T) lets you format highlighted characters as Superscript (reduced and raised above the baseline), Subscript (reduced and dropped below the baseline), or Small Caps (reduced versions of capital letters). Note that Superscript, Subscript, and Small Caps characters do not need to be reduced — they can actually be enlarged instead. The controls in the Advanced Type pane govern precisely how these characters are placed and resized, as well as control the handling on non-Latin text entry. FIGURE 3.5 The Advanced Type pane of the Preferences dialog box (the default settings are shown) Character Settings area This area controls the size of subscripts, superscripts, and small caps: 70
  17. Chapter 3: Setting InDesign Preferences l The Size fields let you specify how much to scale these characters. The default is 58.3 percent, but you can type a value between 1 and 200 percent. I prefer 60 or 65 percent, depending on the type size and font. l The Position fields let you specify how much to shift Superscript characters up and Subscript characters down. The default is 33.3 percent, but you can type a value between –500 and 500 percent. I prefer 30 percent for subscripts and 35 percent for superscripts. l The Small Cap field lets you specify the scale of Small Caps characters in relation to the actual capital letters in the font. The default is 70 percent, but you can type a value between 1 and 200 percent. Input Method Options area The Use Inline Input for Non-Latin Text option enables input method editors (IMEs) from Microsoft, Apple, or other companies, if installed on your computer, for typing Chinese-, Japanese-, and Korean-language (CJK) characters on non-CJK operating systems. It’s meant for the occasional use of CJK characters. If you publish regularly in these languages, you should use the appropriate CJK version of InDesign. Composition preferences In general, preferences in the Composition pane, shown in Figure 3.6, affect entire paragraphs rather than individual characters. FIGURE 3.6 The Composition pane of the Preferences dialog box (the default settings are shown) 71
  18. Part I: Welcome to InDesign Highlight area The options in the Highlight area control whether InDesign calls attention to possible typesetting problems by drawing a highlighter pen effect behind the text. l Keep Violations: This option is deselected by default and highlights the last line in a text frame when it cannot follow the rules specified in the Keep Options dialog box in the Paragraph panel’s flyout menu (choose Type ➪ Paragraph or press Option+Ô+T or Ctrl+Alt+T). For example, if the Keep Options settings require more lines to stay together than fit in the text frame, thereby bumping all the text in a frame to the next text frame in the chain, the Keep Options rules are violated and the last line of text is highlighted so that you know to change the frame size or the Keep Options rules for that text. l H&J Violations: When selected, H&J Violations uses three shades of yellow to mark lines that might be too loose or too tight because of the combination of spacing and hyphen- ation settings. The darker the shade, the worse InDesign considers the problem to be. H&J Violations is deselected by default; you might want to select it while fine-tuning type and then deselect it when you’re finished. l Custom Tracking/Kerning: If this option is selected, it highlights custom tracking and kerning (essentially, anywhere you override the defaults) in a bluish green. It’s handy for copy editors, helping them quickly find such overrides to make sure they’re not too tight or loose for readability reasons. l Substituted Fonts: This option is selected by default and uses pink highlight to indicate characters in fonts not available to InDesign. InDesign actually uses Adobe Sans MM or Adobe Serif MM to create a replacement for missing fonts so that the text looks as close as possible to the actual font. For editing purposes, the substituted fonts work fine, although the pink highlight can be distracting. But for output purposes, it’s important that you have the correct fonts, so you may want to live with the irritation and have InDesign highlight substituted fonts for you. l Substituted Glyphs: This option highlights in yellow any glyphs (special characters) that are substituted. This usually occurs when you have multiple versions of the same font, with different special characters in each version. For example, a file using the euro (€) cur- rency symbol might have been created in the newest version of, say, Syntax. But a copy editor working on the same file may have an older version of Syntax that doesn’t have the euro symbol in it. Selecting Substituted Glyphs ensures that such a problem is highlighted. Substituted Glyphs also highlights characters of an OpenType font that have been changed on the fly by turning on some OpenType features from the Control panel’s or Character panel’s flyout menu, such as Discretionary Ligatures, Swashes, Small Caps, Slash Zero, and so on. I recommend you select this option. Note InDesign is hypersensitive to fonts (see Chapter 20), so you’ll get such highlighting even when you have the correct font installed but the wrong face applied to it (such as Normal rather than Regular); in these cases, the font style will have brackets ([ ]) around it in the Character or Control panel. n 72
  19. Chapter 3: Setting InDesign Preferences Text Wrap area As the label makes clear, the three options here affect how text wraps: l Justify Text Next to an Object: If this option is selected, it overrides any local justifica- tion settings that justify text that wraps around an object. That means the text smoothly follows the object’s shape, rather than keeps any ragged margins that can make the wrap look strange. This option comes into play when you wrap ragged (left-aligned or right- aligned) text around objects. I recommend that you avoid wrapping text on its ragged side; doing so looks awkward. Although this option eliminates the awkwardness of ragged text that wraps around an object, it presents a different awkwardness: having some text ragged (that which is not wrapping) and some text justified (that which is wrapping). l Skip by Leading: When selected, this option uses the text’s leading to determine how much space follows an object that it is wrapping. This option has an effect only if you choose the Jump Object text-wrap option in the Text Wrap panel. (See Chapter 13 for more on text wrap.) l Text Wrap Only Affects Text Beneath: If selected, this option has only text that’s below an object wrap around that object. This lets some text overlap an image and some text overwrap it, depending on the text’s location in the stacking order. Units & Increments preferences The measurement systems you use for positioning items and the way the arrows on the keyboard increase or decrease settings are controlled by settings in the Units & Increments pane, shown in Figure 3.7. Ruler Units area The Ruler Units area affects three things: the origin point (by page, by spread, or by the spine), the measurement system displayed on the horizontal and vertical ruler on the document window, and the default values in fields used for positioning objects. The Origin pop-up menu determines the zero point (typically, the upper-left corner of the page) for object positions. If you choose Page, objects’ positions are relative to each page’s upper-left cor- ner. If you choose Spread, objects’ positions are relative to the current spread’s upper-left corner. If you choose Spine, objects’ positions are relative to the binding spine of each spread — the very top and center of where the two pages meet. With the Horizontal and Vertical pop-up menus, you can specify one measurement system for the horizontal ruler and measurements and specify another measurement system for the vertical ruler and measurements. For example, you might use points for horizontal measurements so that you can use the rulers to gauge tab and indent settings while using inches for vertical measurements. If you use inches for both the Horizontal and Vertical Ruler Units, not only do the rulers display inches, but the X, Y, W, and H fields on the Control panel (choose Window ➪ Control or press Option+Ô+6 or Ctrl+Alt+6) or Transform panel (choose Window ➪ Object & Layout ➪ Transform) display values in inches as well. 73
  20. Part I: Welcome to InDesign FIGURE 3.7 The Units & Increments pane of the Preferences dialog box (the default settings for print documents are shown) Note To display the document ruler, choose View ➪ Show Ruler or press Ô+R or Ctrl+R. n Tip The default horizontal and vertical measurement system is picas. If you aren’t accustomed to working in picas, be sure to change the default Horizontal and Vertical Ruler Units when no documents are open. Changing the default this way ensures that all future documents use your preferred measurement system. (If you make the change with a document open, the change applies only to the open document.) n To specify the measurement systems you want to use, click an option from the Horizontal pop-up menu and from the Vertical pop-up menu. The following options are available: l Points: A typesetting measurement equal to 1⁄72 of an inch. To enter values in points, type a p before the value or pt after the value (p6 or 6 pt, for example). Tip InDesign doesn’t care if you put spaces between numbers and the abbreviations in your measurements — 3 p is read the same as 3p, and 0.4inch is read the same as 0.4 inch, for example. n 74
Đồng bộ tài khoản