InDesign CS5 Bible- P7

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InDesign CS5 Bible- P7: InDesign is a powerful tool that serves as the standard program for professional layout and design. The latest version boasts a variety of updates and enhancements. Packed with real-world examples and written by industry expert Galen Gruman, this in-depth resource clearly explains how InDesign CS5 allows for better typography and transparency features, speedier performance, and more user control than any other layout program.

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  1. Chapter 10: Manipulating Objects The first four options let you select another object relative to the currently selected object: l First Object Above selects the topmost object. l Next Object Above selects the object immediately on top of the current object. l Next Object Below selects the object immediately under the current object. l Last Object Below selects the bottommost object. If no objects are selected, InDesign bases its selection on the creation order. Tip You can also access these four selection options by Control+clicking or right-clicking an object and choosing Select from the contextual menu. n The Select submenu has four other options: l If an object has content (text or graphic) and you’ve selected that content, choose Object ➪ Select ➪ Container to choose the frame (the container). This is the same as selecting it with the Selection tool. l If an object has content (text or graphic) and you’ve selected its frame (the container), choose Object ➪ Select ➪ Content to choose the content within the object. This is basically the same as selecting it with the Direct Selection tool. l If you have selected an object in a group of objects, using the Direct Selection tool, choose Object ➪ Select ➪ Previous Object in Group to navigate to the previous object in the group. l Similarly, if you have selected an object in a group of objects, using the Direct Selection tool, choose Object ➪ Select ➪ Next Object in Group to navigate to the previous object in the group. Note Object creation order determines what is previous or next in a group. n Keyboard shortcuts You can use the keyboard shortcuts listed in this section. Although this approach takes memoriz- ing the commands, it’s the fastest way to change your selection because you don’t have to mouse around to the menus: l Option+Shift+Ô+] or Ctrl+Alt+Shift+] selects the topmost object. l Option+Ô+] or Ctrl+Alt+] selects the object immediately on top of the current object. l Option+Ô+[ or Ctrl+Alt+[ selects the object immediately under the current object. l Option+Shift+Ô+[ or Ctrl+Alt+Shift+[ selects the bottommost object. 255
  2. Part III: Object Fundamentals Control panel selection buttons The Control panel also provides iconic buttons — Select Previous Object and Select Next Object — to select the next or previous object, as well as the Select Contents and Select Container iconic but- tons to select the content or container (frame). Figure 10.3 shows the buttons. If you Shift+click either selection button, InDesign jumps past four objects and selects the fifth one. If you Ô+click or Ctrl+click either button, InDesign selects the bottommost or topmost object, respectively. Note If you use the Select Previous Object or Select Next Object buttons and reach the top or bottom of the object stack, InDesign loops back from the top to the bottom object or from the bottom to the top object. n Selecting multiple objects When an object is selected, you can move or modify it. When several objects are selected, you can move or modify all the objects at one time, saving you the time and drudgery of selecting and per- forming the same modification to several objects one at a time. You have several options for select- ing multiple objects. You can: l Choose the Selection tool and press and hold Shift while clicking in succession the objects you want to select. l Choose any of the selection tools and then click in an empty portion of the page and drag a rectangle (called a marquee) around any portion of each object you want to select. Make sure you don’t click an item (which selects it) or you’ll move it when you drag. l If you use the Selection tool, the bounding box of each item is selected. You can resize any of the bounding boxes, but the anchor points and direction lines of the shapes within are not selected and cannot be moved. l If you use the Direct Selection tool, the anchor points and direction handles of the shapes in the bounding boxes are selected. You can change the shape of any of the objects by dragging an anchor point or a direction handle. l If you want to select all items on a page or spread, choose Edit ➪ Select All or press Ô+A or Ctrl+A. (If the Type tool is selected and a text frame is active when you choose Select All, you highlight all the text, if any, in the frame.) If the Direct Selection tool is selected when you choose Select All, the anchor points and direction handles of the shapes in the selected objects’ bounding boxes are selected. If any other tool is selected when you choose Select All, the bounding boxes of the objects are selected. Deselecting objects A selected object remains selected until you cause it to become deselected, and there are many rea- sons you might want to deselect an item. For example, you might want to deselect a text frame if 256
  3. Chapter 10: Manipulating Objects you want to see how it looks when displayed without the frame’s in and out ports visible, or you might want to simply let go of an object you just finished working on. You can deselect a selected object in several ways: l Click in an empty portion of the page with any of the selection tools selected. l Press and hold Shift with any of the selection tools selected and click the object you want to deselect. l Choose any of the object-creation tools (the Pen, Pencil, Line, or any shape- and frame- creation tools) and then click and drag to create a new object. l If you want to deselect all items on a page or spread, choose Edit ➪ Deselect All or press Shift+Ô+A or Ctrl+Shift+A. (If the Type tool is selected and a text frame is active when you choose Deselect All, you deselect any text highlighted in the frame.) Moving Objects Before you can move an object, you must first select it. When an object is selected, InDesign pro- vides several methods for moving or copying it. You can move a selected object by: l Clicking and dragging it to a different location: When you drag an object, you can move it anywhere within the current page or spread, into an open library (see Chapter 7 for more information about libraries), or into another document (if another document is open and its window is visible). If you drag an object from one document to another, a copy of the object is placed in the target document and the original object remains unchanged in the source document. Tip Press and hold Shift as you drag to restrict the angle of movement to the nearest 45-degree angle based on the direction in which you’re moving your mouse. n l Pressing any of the arrow keys: Each time you press an arrow key, the object is nudged by the distance specified in the Cursor Key field in the Units & Increments pane of the Preferences dialog box (choose File ➪ Preferences ➪ Units & Increments or press Ô+K on the Mac, or choose Edit ➪ Preferences ➪ Units & Increments or press Ctrl+K in Windows). The default nudge value is 1 point. If you press and hold Shift when using arrow keys, the nudge increment is 10 points. l Selecting it with the Selection or Direct Selection tool and then double-clicking the tool to open the Move dialog box: You enter the desired horizontal (X) and vertical (Y) coordinates, or the distance from the current location and the angle of the new location from the existing one. 257
  4. Part III: Object Fundamentals l Selecting it with any of the selection tools, then choosing Object ➪ Transform ➪ Move or pressing Shift+Ô+M or Ctrl+Shift+M: You enter the desired horizontal (X) and vertical (Y) coordinates, or the distance from the current location and the angle of the new location from the existing one. l Changing the X and Y values in the Control panel or in the Transform panel: These values determine the distance between an object’s control point and the ruler’s zero point, where the horizontal and vertical rulers intersect (usually the upper-left corner of a page or spread). (If the Control panel is not open, activate it by choosing Window ➪ Control or pressing Option+Ô+6 or Ctrl+Alt+6. If you want to use the Transform panel, activate it by choosing Window ➪ Object & Layout ➪ Transform.) Figure 10.4 shows the Control panel and Transform panel and their controls. If you want, change the object’s control point — where the X and Y coordinates refer to. Each of the preceding methods for moving objects has its merits. The method you choose depends on how you prefer to work. Cross-Reference Chapter 1 explains how to set the control point. InDesign lets you move and copy entire pages between docu- ments, as described in Chapter 5. n FIGURE 10.4 The Control panel (top) and Transform panel (bottom) Creating Copies of Objects After you create something — a simple, rectangular frame or a complicated graphic made up of several dozen objects — InDesign makes it easy to reuse the original. InDesign provides many options for copying objects within documents as well as across them. 258
  5. Chapter 10: Manipulating Objects Copying objects within documents Here are your options for copying objects within a document: l Copy and Paste commands (choose Edit ➪ Copy or press Ô+C or Ctrl+C; choose Edit ➪ Paste or press Ô+V or Ctrl+V): Using these commands is a good choice if you have to copy something from one page to another. A great option is Paste in Place (choose Edit ➪ Paste in Place or press Option+Shift+Ô+V or Ctrl+Alt+Shift+V), which pastes an object in the same place as the original object. It’s very handy when copying an element from one page to another because it places the copy in the same location on the new page, saving you the effort of moving it. (When copying among documents, Paste in Place uses the same X and Y coordinates as the original.) Note When you paste an object in InDesign, it is pasted into the current spread displayed on screen. However, if you have even a few pixels of another spread showing at the top of your screen, the pasted object will be placed on that spread, not the one that takes up the bulk of your screen area. Thus, you may think the object didn’t actu- ally get pasted when in fact it was pasted in the spread above the one you’re focused on. n l Duplicate command (choose Edit ➪ Duplicate or press Option+Shift+Ô+D or Ctrl+Alt+Shift+D): The Duplicate command is quicker than using copy and paste. When you duplicate an object, the copy is placed one pica below and to the right of the original. Note InDesign offsets a duplicate by whatever settings are in the Step and Repeat dialog box or by the distance and direction of the last Option+drag or Alt+drag copying of an object — whichever was done last. n l Manual cloning: When you drag and drop an object while pressing and holding Option or Alt, a copy of the selected object is created. If you’re a drag-and-dropper, you may pre- fer this manual method to the Duplicate command. l Cloning with the transform tools: If you press and hold Option or Alt while using any of the transform tools (Rotate, Shear, Scale, and Free Transform), a copy of the selected object is transformed. The selected item remains unchanged. l Control panel and Transform panel cloning: If you press and hold Option or Alt when you exit the Control or Transform panels (by pressing Return or Enter or releasing the mouse after choosing an option from a menu), the transformation is applied to a copy of the selected item. l Step and Repeat command (choose Edit ➪ Step and Repeat or press Shift+Ô+U or Ctrl+Shift+U): Think of the Step and Repeat dialog box (shown in Figure 10.5) as the Duplicate command on steroids. It lets you create multiple duplicates of selected objects and specify the horizontal and vertical offset of the duplicates. Note that if the horizontal offset is 0, the copies have the same X coordinate as the original; if the Y offset is 0, the copies have the same Y coordinate. To avoid the copies overlapping the original object 259
  6. Part III: Object Fundamentals and each other, the horizontal offset needs to be at least as wide as the original object’s width, and the vertical offset needs to be at least as high as the original object’s height. Select Preview to see what the Step and Repeat dialog box’s settings do, to verify they’re set as you want, before clicking OK to make the copies. FIGURE 10.5 The Step and Repeat dialog box. Left: The standard version lets you specify how many copies to make and what horizontal and vertical distance each copy should be placed from the previous copy. Right: The grid- ify version of the dialog box, which lets you create a grid of copies of the original object all at once. This command is handy if you have to create, for example, a vertical and/or horizontal grid of lines on a page. Simply draw a horizontal line at the top of the page or a vertical line along the left edge of the page. With the line selected, use the Step and Repeat com- mand to place and evenly space as many additional lines as you need. Tip If you need to use an object or a group of objects repeatedly, storing them in a library is a good idea. After you place something in a library, you can drag-copy as many clones as you want into any document. (Chapter 7 covers libraries.) n New: Gridified Step-and-Repeat The Step and Repeat dialog box adds a new capability: gridified step-and-repeat. If you select the Create as a Grid option, the dialog box lets you specify the number of rows and columns to contain the copies, as shown on the right in Figure 10.5. Imagine you are creating business cards, for which a letter- size sheet of paper holds ten cards, organized five deep and two wide. You would thus create one busi- ness card at the top left of the page, then use the Step and Repeat dialog box’s gridify capability to set two columns and five rows, with the horizontal spacing and vertical spacing both equaling the card’s width (that is, with no margin between the copies). You can also do a gridified step-and-repeat when copying an object with the mouse. Press and hold Option or Alt when dragging the original to make a copy, then release Option or Alt and press → to add columns of copies and/or ↑ to add rows of copies (press ← to remove columns and ↓ to remove rows). When you release the mouse, a grid of copies appears. (This works like the gridified frame-creation capability explained in Chapter 9.) 260
  7. Chapter 10: Manipulating Objects Copying objects between documents Occasionally, you’ll want to use something you’ve created in one InDesign document in another document. For example, maybe you need an ad that ran in last month’s newsletter again for this month’s edition; or perhaps you created a small illustration for an ad that you want to use in a companion brochure. InDesign offers several options for moving objects between documents. You can: l Open the document that contains the objects you want to copy, select the objects, and then copy them to the Clipboard by choosing Edit ➪ Copy or pressing Ô+C or Ctrl+C. Open the target document and choose Edit ➪ Paste or press Ô+V or Ctrl+V, to place the copied objects. You can also choose Edit ➪ Paste in Place or press Option+Shift+Ô+V or Ctrl+Alt+Shift+V to paste the object at the same X and Y coordinates as the original. l If you need to use the objects in more than one document, you can copy them into a library, which lets you place as many copies as you want in any document. (Libraries are covered in Chapter 7.) l You can open the source document (the one that contains the objects) and the target doc- ument and drag-copy the objects from the source document to the target document. (Choose Window ➪ Arrange ➪ Float All in Windows and then choose Window ➪ Arrange ➪ Tile to display both document windows side by side; Chapter 2 covers working with multiple document windows in detail.) l A very easy way to share parts of your document is to select the desired objects and drag them out of your document window and onto the Mac or Windows desktop or into a folder. You can also choose File ➪ Export or press Ô+E or Crl+E and then choose InDesign Snippet from the Format pop-up menu (Mac) or Save as Type pop-up menu (Windows) in the Export dialog box to create snippets from selected objects. InDesign creates a file called a snippet file (with the file name extension .idms) that contains all the objects, formatting, and position information. You or another person can drag the file onto an InDesign document to place the objects, with all formatting intact. Working with snippets is easy: Just drag objects from InDesign to the desktop or a folder to create the snippet file, and drag the snippet file onto a layout to place the objects on it. (You can also place the snippets the same as you can any other file by choosing File ➪ Place or pressing Ô+D or Ctrl+D.) However, don’t let that simplicity blind you to a couple of cool attributes of snippets: l You can send snippets to other users on storage drives, via e-mail, or over the network — as with any other file. l You can control where a snippet’s objects are placed in your document. Choose Original Location or Cursor Location in the Position pop-up menu in the Preferences dialog box’s File Handling pane (choose InDesign ➪ Preferences ➪ File Handling or press Ô+K on the Mac, or choose Edit ➪ Preferences ➪ File Handling or press Ctrl+K in Windows). The Cursor Location option means the objects are placed wherever you release the mouse when dragging the snippet. 261
  8. Part III: Object Fundamentals Note You can place — but not drag — snippets into text frames as inline graphics. n Deleting Objects There are several ways to delete objects in InDesign. Most people either have a favorite method or use one that’s easiest to adopt in their current state (such as using a mouse action to delete a frame when they’re using the mouse already to size frames). No matter what your preferred approach, be sure you select an object with the Selection tool. The methods are: l Choose Edit ➪ Cut or press Ô+X or Ctrl+X to cut objects; or choose the Cut command in the contextual menu you get when Control+clicking or right-clicking an object. l Choose Edit ➪ Clear or press Ô+Delete or Backspace to delete (clear) the object. l Drag the object to the Mac’s Trash or the Windows Recycle Bin; this clears the object. Note If you use the Direct Selection tool instead of the Selection tool for these deletion actions for a frame contain- ing a graphic, the graphic is removed from the frame but the frame itself remains. (By contrast, if you use the Selection tool, both the graphic and the frame are deleted.) n Note Cut objects can then be pasted elsewhere, at least until the time an object is cut or copied. Cleared objects cannot be pasted back. n Preventing Objects from Printing InDesign lets you prevent an object from printing. To do so, select the object, open the Attributes panel (choose Window ➪ Output ➪ Attributes), and then select the Nonprinting option. (The other settings in this panel control stroke settings, which Chapter 12 covers.) You would use this feature for comments and other elements that should not print but that you need to have visible on-screen. Another approach to nonprinting objects is to place them all on a layer and make the entire layer nonprinting. Cross-Reference Chapter 6 covers layers. Chapter 31 covers printing. n 262
  9. Chapter 10: Manipulating Objects Hiding Objects InDesign lets you hide objects in your layout, which also prevents them from printing. To hide an object, select it and choose Object ➪ Hide or press Ô+3 or Ctrl+3. To show hidden objects, choose Object ➪ Show All on Spread or press Option+Ô+3 or Ctrl+Alt+3. Caution You can show hidden objects only on the spread you are currently working on. There is no way to show all the hidden objects throughout your layout. How do you know the current spread has hidden objects? The Show All on Spread menu option is black (available) on spreads that have hidden objects, and grayed out (unavailable) on spreads that do not have hidden objects. n New Feature The ability to hide and show objects is new to InDesign CS5. n Aligning and Distributing Objects A key task in any layout is to make sure that objects are correctly aligned and spaced. However, that can be difficult to do precisely, given that designers tend to use the mouse to create and posi- tion objects; your hand-eye coordination is rarely exact for each and every object. InDesign provides four ways to make sure that objects are precisely aligned and spaced: l You can use the X, Y, W, and H coordinates in the Control panel or the Transform panel to specify the exact coordinates for every object. Just select an object and specify its coor- dinates in the panel. However, this often requires figuring out the math for the proper coordinates, which can be difficult, especially for visually oriented designers. l To take the math out of your hands, InDesign has the Align panel, which lets you align and distribute objects. The Align panel saves you the hassle of manually moving and plac- ing each element, or it figures out the correct coordinates for elements’ locations in the Control panel or Transform panel so that you can do so. The Align panel is where InDesign offers these timesaving capabilities. l You can use InDesign’s guides and the snap to capability to help ensure that manually placed items at least align to your desired X or Y coordinates, as Chapter 7 explains. l The smart-guides feature is particularly suited to visually oriented designers: It shows you on-screen — as you size, move, and rotate objects with the mouse — when the object you’re working with aligns to nearby objects and when it is spaced equidistantly to other nearby objects. This feature provides the precision you want while you are doing actual work, saving you from having to fix alignment and spacing after the fact, which is what you have to do when you use the Control, Transform, or Align panels. 263
  10. Part III: Object Fundamentals Working with the Align panel The Align panel (choose Window ➪ Object & Layout ➪ Align or press Shift+F7), shown in Figure 10.6, has several iconic buttons that let you manipulate the relative position of multiple objects in two ways. (The buttons show the alignments they provide.) FIGURE 10.6 The Align panel Tip The Align panel’s iconic buttons may also be available in the Control panel if you’ve selected multiple objects with the Selection tool, depending on how wide your screen is and how many buttons you’ve set the Control panel to display. (See Chapter 1 for how to customize the buttons it displays.) n With the Align panel, you can: l Line up objects along a horizontal or vertical axis. For example, if you’ve randomly placed several small graphic frames onto a page, you can use the iconic alignment buttons in the Align panel to align them neatly — either horizontally or vertically. l Distribute space evenly among objects along a horizontal or vertical axis. Here’s a typical problem easily solved by using this feature: You’ve carefully placed five small graphics on a page so that the top edges are aligned across the page, and there is equal space between each picture. Then you find out one of the graphics needs to be cut. After deleting the unneeded graphic, you could use the Align panel to redistribute the space among the remaining graphics so they’re again equally spaced. Note The Align iconic buttons don’t work with objects that have been locked with the Lock command. Also, if the objects are on a locked layer, you need to unlock the layer. (Chapter 13 covers locking. Chapter 6 covers layers.) n 264
  11. Chapter 10: Manipulating Objects When you click a button in the Align panel, selected objects are repositioned in the most logical manner. For example, if you click the Align Left Edges iconic button, the selected objects are typi- cally moved horizontally (to the left, in this case) so that the left edge of each object is aligned with the left edge of the leftmost object. Along the same lines, if you click the Distribute Vertical Centers iconic button, the selected objects are moved vertically so that an equal amount of space exists between the vertical center of each object. Spacing can appear uneven if you click the Distribute Horizontal Space or Distribute Vertical Space iconic buttons when objects of various sizes are selected. For objects of different sizes, you usually want to use the Distribute Spacing buttons (which make the space between objects even) rather than space objects based on their centers or sides (which is how the Distribute Object buttons work). Note that the unnamed pop-up menu in the Align panel lets you choose where selected objects align: Align to Selection (the default behavior), Align to Margins, Align to Page, and Align to Spread. Tip Although InDesign has no default shortcuts for them, you can create keyboard shortcuts for the alignment and distribution buttons, as explained in Chapter 3. n Note If the two Distribute Spacing iconic buttons do not appear at the bottom of the panel and you want to distrib- ute objects, choose Show Options from the flyout menu or click the double-arrow icon to the left of the panel name. n Working with live distribution InDesign CS5 lets you redistribute the spaces among objects as you drag the mouse using its live- distribution capability. Normally when you select multiple objects and begin moving one of the control points for the selected objects’ marquee, each object is resized based on the direction and length you move the mouse. However, if you press and hold the spacebar shortly after beginning that mouse movement, InDesign instead redistributes the object within the area defined by the marquee. (Release the spacebar and the mouse button to apply the new spacing.) The new mar- quee shape determines the space within which the objects are equally redistributed. Figure 10.7 shows the live-distribution capability in action (the rightmost portion), and compares it to the normal resizing behavior (the middle portion). New Feature The live-distribution capability is new to InDesign CS5. n 265
  12. Part III: Object Fundamentals Using the Measure Tool and Info Panel InDesign has two little-known methods to get dimension information about objects: the Measure tool and the Info panel. Because so much information about object size and position resides in the Control panel, these methods are little used. They’re more vestiges of InDesign’s pre-Control panel era, but they can be useful on occasion. Available through the Eyedropper tool’s pop-out menu or via the shortcut K, the Measure tool opens the Info panel and lets you draw a line whose dimensions appear in that panel (look for D1 in the upper left) so you can measure an arbitrary distance. You can measure the distance of two segments if you press and hold Option or Alt when dragging the tool for the second segment. Note that the second measurement must start where the first measurement left off — the two measurement lines must share a corner. That second measurement appears in the D2 area, as shown in the figure. Although you can see objects’ dimensions in the Control, Transform, and Info panels, the value of the Measure tool is that it enables you to determine the distance between objects rather than the dimen- sions of objects. It can also come in handy when you’re measuring the distance across multiple objects. The figure shows the tool and Info panel. When you select an object, the Info panel also shows its width and height, as well as any rotation angle, gradient, or stroke applied. Although these are all bits of information you can get from the Control panel or Transform panel, the Info panel does show one bit of unique information: In its upper-left quadrant, the panel shows the current position of the mouse, providing a handy way to ensure that your starting and ending points when drawing something are exactly where you want them, especially when used with the transformation-values indicator that appears next to the mouse pointer (see Chapter 11). 266
  13. Chapter 10: Manipulating Objects FIGURE 10.7 Live distribution in action. At far left is the original set of objects. The middle image shows the normal operation when you drag a control point in the objects’ marquee: All the objects are resized accordingly. At far right is the new live-distribution capability: If you press and hold the spacebar immediately after you begin to drag a control point on the marquee, the objects are distributed within the new marquee dimen- sions instead of being resized. Working with smart guides Using the smart guides feature is easy. First, make sure that smart guides are enabled. You do so in the Smart Guide Options section of the Guides & Pasteboard pane of the Preferences dialog box by selecting the Align to Object Center and/or the Align to Object Edges options. (Choose InDesign ➪ Preferences ➪ Guides & Pasteboard or press Ô+K on the Mac, or choose Edit ➪ Preferences ➪ Guides & Pasteboard or press Ctrl+K in Windows.) Aligning to an object’s center tells InDesign to look for the centerpoint of other objects as you move or resize objects and use those as alignment targets. Aligning to object frame edges has InDesign look for other objects’ edges and use those as alignment targets. Turning on both pro- duces more smart guides as you work on objects. Figure 10.8 shows the smart guide feature in action in three sequences (in each sequence, at left is an existing object): l The top sequence shows me adding a second frame. The mouse pointer is near neither the nearby object’s centerpoint nor its edge, so no smart guide appears. l The middle sequence shows what happens as the mouse pointer moves near the edge of the nearby object: InDesign displays a smart guide to let me know that if I want the bot- tom edge of the new frame to align with the bottom of the nearby object, all I have to do is let go. l The third sequence shows me moving a circular frame from the bottom to the upper right of the page. You can see the smart guide that indicates the mouse is aligned to the center- point of the second object, and if I let go here, the circular frame’s centerpoint aligns to that other object’s centerpoint. 267
  14. Part III: Object Fundamentals FIGURE 10.8 Smart guides in action. At top is a new frame being added (at right). The middle sequence shows a smart guide that automatically appears indicating an edge alignment, and the third sequence shows a smart guide indicating a centerpoint alignment, as well as two smart-spacing indicators that show the spacing between the three objects is now equidistant. Working with smart spacing and measurements You probably noticed additional visual indicators in the third sequence of Figure 10.8: the spacing indicators between each set of objects. This visual indication is called smart spacing, which you also turn on in the Smart Guide Options section of the Guides & Pasteboard pane of the Preferences dialog box, following the two alignment options. When smart spacing is on, InDesign looks at the relative spacing of nearby objects as you work with one and highlights when the spacing is the same, or close to being the same (in which case it moves them for you). A fourth smart feature option in the Smart Guides Options section of the Guides & Pasteboard pane: smart measurements. In this case, as you resize or rotate objects, InDesign shows a smart guide when the object being transformed matches the specs — such as dimensions or rotation angle — of other nearby angles, under the assumption that maybe you want them to be the same. As with the other smart guide functions, let go of the mouse when the guides appear so that you can get those matching settings. 268
  15. Chapter 10: Manipulating Objects Using the Gap Tool When you are working with several objects close together, you often end up adjusting their relative size and margins to fit within a set space on the page. That means adjusting each object one by one. The Gap tool lets you adjust them together, saving effort and making it easier to try out differ- ent adjustments. New Feature The Gap tool is new to InDesign CS5. n When you select the Gap tool and position the mouse between objects, you see a gray highlight for the gap between the objects — that gap might be horizontal or vertical, depending on where the mouse pointer happens to be and what objects are near it. When the desired gap is highlighted, there are four adjustments you can make, as Figure 10.9 shows: l If you press and hold the mouse button and drag the mouse, the objects are resized. The gap between them remains the same size. So, for a vertical gap, as in the upper-left corner of Figure 10.9, moving the gap to the right widens the objects on the left side of the gap and narrows the objects on the right side of the gap. l If you press and hold Shift, only the objects nearest the mouse pointer are adjusted when you drag the mouse, as shown in the upper-right corner of Figure 10.9. l If you press and hold Ô or Ctrl, dragging the mouse changes the gap’s width. Dragging to the right on a vertical gap widens the gap (and narrows the objects on either side to make room); dragging to the left on a vertical gap narrows the gap (widening the objects on either side to take up the extra space). Dragging up on a horizontal gap widens the gap, and dragging down on a horizontal gap narrows the gap. The lower-left corner of Figure 10.9 shows the vertical gap being narrowed. l If you press and hold Option or Alt, dragging the mouse moves all the items on either side of the gap in the direction you move the mouse, as the lower-right corner of Figure 10.9 shows. Tip You can combine the keyboard shortcuts when using the Gap tool. Thus, Shift+Ô+dragging or Shift+Alt+dragging a gap moves just the gap’s immediately adjacent objects, not all the objects that border the gap. n Note The Gap tool ignores locked items and master page items. n 269
  16. Part III: Object Fundamentals FIGURE 10.9 The Gap tool in action. Top left: Dragging the mouse repositions the selected gap, resizing the adjacent objects accordingly. Top right: Shift+dragging the gap repositions the selected gap for just the nearest objects, resizing just those objects. Bottom left: Ô+dragging or Ctrl+dragging the gap resizes the gap, resizing the adjacent objects to make room or take up the freed space. Bottom right: Option+dragging or Alt+dragging the gap moves all the adjacent objects. 270
  17. Chapter 10: Manipulating Objects Summary After you create an object, you can move, modify, or delete it. If the object is a frame, you also have the option of modifying the text or graphic within it. Before you can modify an object, you must select it. When an object is selected, commands and controls for changing its position and appearance become available. To select an object, you must first choose either the Selection or Direct Selection tool. The Selection tool selects the entire object, whereas the Direct Selection tool selects its graphic (if a graphics frame) and its edges and points (for all objects). The new content grabber makes it easier to select partially obscured objects. There are several techniques to select objects partially or fully obscured by other objects that over- lap them, including the selection tools in the Object menu and Control panel. The new content indicator also makes it easy to select graphics frames, as well as reposition their contents. You can create a single copy of any object by using the Copy and Paste commands, by using the Duplicate command, or by Option+dragging or Alt+dragging a clone of the original. The new grid- ify capability lets you create multiple copies when Option+dragging or Alt+dragging. The Step and Repeat command lets you create multiple copies of objects and position the copies relative to the originals — a new capability for this tool lets you set up a grid of copies. The Paste in Place com- mand pastes an object on a new page at the same X and Y coordinates as the original object. You can prevent selected objects from printing using the Attributes panel, as well as by hiding the objects using the new Hide command. The Align panel lets you align multiple objects and control the amount of space between them, whereas vertical and horizontal ruler guides and snap-to-grid features help you accurately position and align items. You can also distribute objects precisely using this panel, as well as with the new live-distribute capability. The smart guides capability lets you more easily align and size objects accurately; InDesign displays guides when your mouse location would make the object you’re now working with have the same alignment, size, or spacing as nearby objects do; so if your intent is to create a similarly positioned, sized, or spaced object, you know when you have done so and thus can release the mouse button at the correct location. The new Gap tool lets you adjust the space (gap) between adjacent objects, resizing the objects automatically as needed to achieve the desired gap width. 271
  18. CHAPTER Transforming Objects O ne of the wonders of desktop publishing is how you can make fun- damental changes to objects. You can make them smaller, bigger, IN THIS CHAPTER and wider. You can rotate them, flip them, and skew them. Try that Resizing and scaling objects with a printed photograph or strip of type. Rotating, shearing, and The most common transformations include resizing frames and resizing flipping objects (scaling) their contents. The other basic transformations — rotating, shearing, and flipping — are used less often, with rotation being the most widely use- Controlling how InDesign displays transformation ful and the other two usually limited to special effects. values For all of these controls, InDesign offers multiple ways to achieve the desired Repeating transformations transformation: menu options, tools, panels, and dialog boxes. When you have a choice, pick whatever is most convenient at the moment. Undoing transformations Replacing object attributes Cross-Reference Chapter 10 covers how to select objects, as well as how to move, copy, delete, and align them. Chapter 12 covers special effects such as adding strokes and lighting effects. n The Control panel contains all sorts of transformation controls. Figure 11.1 identifies them. 273
  19. Part III: Object Fundamentals FIGURE 11.1 The Control panel’s transformation controls Rotate 90° Clockwise Rotate 90° Counterclockwise Control points Rotation Angle Flip and Rotation Status Width and Height Shear X Angle Selection controls (see Chapter 10) Scale X Percentage and Scale Y Percentage Flip Vertcial Flip Horizontal Resizing and Scaling Objects Two closely related transformation features are resizing and scaling. The difference is that resizing affects just the container — the frame or path — whereas scaling affects both the container and its contents. (For straight lines and for curved lines with no graphics or text, there is no difference between resizing and scaling because there are no contents.) Resizing methods After you create a shape, frame, path, or line, you may find that it’s too big or too small for your design. No problem. Resizing objects is as easy as moving them, and as is the case with reposition- ing objects, you have two basic options for resizing: the mouse or your choice of the Control or Transform panel. Using the mouse Click and drag the control handles on an object’s bounding box using the Selection tool. To change the width and height, drag a corner handle. To change only the width or height, drag a midpoint handle. If you press and hold Shift as you drag, the object’s original proportions are retained. Tip If you drag immediately after clicking a handle, only an object’s bounding box is displayed as you drag. If you click and then pause until the pointer changes, the contents within are displayed as you drag. n Here’s how the various selection tools act on objects — frames, paths, and lines — when you resize them via the mouse: 274
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