Interface Customizations phần 2

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Interface Customizations phần 2

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NoFind — This setting removes the Search command from the Start menu and disables the appropriate option in the Start menu customization dialog. NoRun

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Nội dung Text: Interface Customizations phần 2

  1. NoFind — This setting removes the Search command from the Start menu and disables the appropriate option in the Start menu customization dialog. NoRun — This setting removes the Run command from the Start menu, disables the appropriate checkbox in the Start menu customization dialog, and disables the ability to run programs from Task Manager or by pressing +. MemCheckBoxInRunDlg — This setting adds the Run in Separate memory Space checkbox to the Run dialog, which allows 16–bit programs to run in a separate VDM (Virtual DOS Machine). NoSetTaskbar — This setting prevents any changes from being made to the Taskbar and Start menu settings. This value also removes the Taskbar and Start Menu item from Control Panel and from the Start menu. NoInstrumentation — This setting prevents the system from remembering the programs, paths, and documents used. NoUserNameInStartMenu — This setting removes the user name from the Start menu. NoResolveSearch — This setting prevents the system from searching the target drive to resolve a shortcut. NoResolveTrack — This setting prevents the system from using NTFS tracking features when resolving shell shortcuts. ForceStartMenuLogoff — This setting prevents the user from removing the Logoff option from the Start menu. StartmenuLogoff — This setting disables the Logoff option in the Start menu and prevents users from adding it. NoClose — This setting removes the Turn Off Computer option from the Start menu and prevents the user from shutting down the system using the standard shutdown user interface (UI). NoChangeStartMenu — This setting disables drag-and-drop modifications of the Start menu. (Other customization methods remain available unless they are explicitly disabled.) HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\NonEnum\{20D04 FEO–3AEA–1069–A2D8–08002B30309D} — This setting removes the My Computer item from the Start menu and disables the corresponding checkbox in the Start menu customization dialog. Note If the values listed above are created under HKEY_CURRENT_USER, they will be applicable only to the currently logged on user. If you want them to apply to all new users, create them under the HKEY_USERS\.DEFAULT\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\ Explorer registry key. Changing the Behavior of Taskbar Grouping
  2. By default, when you enable the Group similar taskbar buttons option at the Taskbar tab of the Taskbar and Start Menu Properties window (Fig. 13.5), items are grouped only when the taskbar buttons begin to get too small. The item that you opened first is grouped first. Note that the Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 user interfaces allow you to enable or disable the taskbar grouping feature, but they don't provide the ability to change its behavior. Figure 13.5: The Taskbar tab of the Taskbar and Start Menu Properties dialog Therefore, registry editing is the most appropriate way to change the default behavior of the taskbar buttons grouping feature. To customize it, create the TaskbarGroupSize value (REG_DWORD data type) under the following registry key: HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Adva nced The taskbar grouping behavior depends on the values you assign to the TaskbarGroupSize registry value entry. These values are: 0 — (default) groups by age (oldest group first) 1 — groups by size (largest group first) 2 — groups any group of size 2 or more 3 — groups any group of size 3 or more
  3. Log off and then back on for this change to take effect. Disabling Notification Area Balloon Tips Notification Area balloon tips (Fig. 13.6) are a nice feature, especially for beginners. However, experienced users may become tired of them. For example, if one of your disks is running out of free space, you wouldn't want to be persistently reminded of this fact. Sometimes these tips simply distract you from your work. And, although this feature might be useful on Windows XP workstations, it is redundant for servers. Figure 13.6: An example of Notification Area balloon tips To disable the feature: 1. Start Regedit.exe and expand the following key: 2. HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explore r\Advanced 3. Create a new REG_DWORD value and name it EnableBalloonTips. Set this value to 0. 4. Quit Registry Editor, log off, then log back on. Note These steps disable all Notification Area balloon tips for the current user. There is no way to disable balloon tips for a specific program. Preventing a Program from Being Displayed in the Most Frequently Used Programs List If you like the simple Start menu feature, first introduced with Windows XP and also present in Windows Server 2003, you have undoubtedly noticed that it maintains a list of the most frequently used programs. Now, suppose you want to continue using this feature, but you don't want some specific programs to appear in that list. What can you do about it? Of course, you can right-click the required shortcut and select the Remove from This List command from the context menu. However, this will not prevent the program from appearing in that list if you use it later. You can also configure the Start menu to specify the number of shortcuts in the list of most frequently used programs. You can clear this list by clicking the Clear List button (Fig. 13.7). If you don't want the list of
  4. most frequently used programs to be displayed, set the value in the Number of programs on Start menu field to 0. Figure 13.7: The General tab of the Customize Start Menu window This, however, won't prevent a specific application (Regedit.exe, for example) from appearing in the list. The exclusion of specific programs can't be accomplished using the GUI tools. However, if you edit the registry, you can easily achieve the desired result. To do so: 1. Start Registry Editor (Regedit.exe). 2. Add an empty string value named NoStartPage to the following registry key (Program name.exe is the name of the executable file that is used to start the program): 3. HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Applications\Program name.exe 4. Quit Registry Editor, and restart the computer. The application will be removed from the list of frequently used programs and will never appear in that list again. Disabling System Beeps on Windows 2000, Windows XP, and Windows Server 2003 If you or your colleagues in the office care for silence, you might want to disable system beeps. This can be achieved by disabling the Beep driver or by direct registry editing.
  5. To disable the Beep driver using built-in-administrative tools: 1. Start Device Manager, select the Show hidden devices command from the View menu, and expand the Non-Plug and Play Drivers branch. 2. Right-click Beep, select the Properties command from the right-click menu, and go to the Driver tab of the Beep Properties window (Fig. 13.8). Figure 13.8: Stopping the system Beep driver 3. Click the Stop button to stop the driver. To disable system beeps permanently, you can either change the Startup Type to Disabled or, if you have several hardware profiles, disable the Beep driver in one of the existing profiles. Note The change you have introduced will be applicable to all users who log on to the local system, since it will be saved under the HKLM registry key. To disable Windows 2000, Windows XP, or Windows Server 2003 system beep for a specific user only: 1. Log on to the system as the user for whom you want to disable system beep. 2. Start Registry Editor and locate the following key: HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel\Sound (Fig. 13.9).
  6. Figure 13.9: Disabling system beep by means of editing the registry 3. Under this key, locate the Beep value entry (REG_SZ data type) and set it to no. Note This time, the change will apply to a specific user, since it is saved under the HKCU registry key. For the change to take effect, you will have to log off and log back on.
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