International development and concerns

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International development and concerns

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APEC Statement on Climate Change Aspiration target “to reduce energry intersity by at least 25% by 2030 from the 2009 level, and to increase forest cover in the region by at least 20 million hectares of all types of forest by 2020”. US Climate Change Summit US will continue to deal with climate change in its own way and pace outside Kyoto Protocol.

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Nội dung Text: International development and concerns

  1. INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND AND CONCERNS CONCERNS
  2. Recent International Development • IPCC Fourth Assessment Report: - How do we use the Report Nationally and Internationally? • Security Council discussed climate change in April 2007 - Repeating the arguments in negotiation with no solution inside. • G8 Meeting - US refused to accept any target of reduction.
  3. APEC Statement on Climate Change Aspiration target “to reduce energry intersity by at least 25% by 2030 from the 2009 level, and to increase forest cover in the region by at least 20 million hectares of all types of forest by 2020”. US Climate Change Summit US will continue to deal with climate change in its own way and pace outside Kyoto Protocol.
  4. COP13 in Bali : What we get is just a “Road Map” "We now have a roadmap, we have an agenda and we have a deadline. But we also have a huge task ahead of us and time to reach agreement is extremely short, so we need to move quickly," said de Boer, © 2007 Lawrence Moore Source: Tiempo Climate Newswatch Source: Tiempo Climate Newswatch
  5. Nobel Prize honored IPCC and Al Gore
  6. However, more disasters are occurring • Floods; • Drought; • Typhoon; • Natural disasters; • Retreats of glaciers; • Forest fires; • Harvest failure; • ……..
  7. What are the concerns? Post 2012 reduction of greenhouse gases: • Targets of reduction for developed countries? • How developing countries participate in next commitment period? • Will there be target set for developing countries? • What about USA, CND? • What will happen to CDM?
  8. Resources • Many countries identify technology needs and adaptation programmes but no resources. • Climate Fund has several pledges but little real money. Adaptation funding will amount to tens of Billions of Dollars/year (World Bank, Oxfam and UNFCCC). So far only a few hundred million Dollars is available from “voluntary” funding sources (LDCF, SCCF, SGP/GEF, SPA/GEF and bilateral). Adaptation needs to be a “top-level”; negotiating issue in the post 2012 dialogues/negotiations between Annex I and NAI. • Adaptation Fund not operational because bogged down by negotiations of who is entitled and how much they should get. • Deactivation of financial mechanism of UNFCCC through Resource Allocation Framework. • Market mechanism of CDM is not benefiting all.
  9. Technology Transfer • Both mitigation and adaptation technology, know- how, are not freely available; • Technology need assessments conducted by many but no funding available; • Negotiation of future body to oversee implementation of technology transfer under the Convention stalled;
  10. Adaptation Programme • Nairobl Work programme on Adaptation is just a series of workshops and preparation of technical papers; • Lack of action oriented programme while developing countries continue to face adverse impact of climate change; • Will sub-regional programme on adaptation more practical than global one?
  11. Other Issues • Consideration and usage of IPCC 4th Assessment Report in negotiation; • Capacity Building – little progress because UNFCCC is not an implementing agency and works have to be carried out by other agencies;
  12. Climate Change is unmanageable and Climate Change Impacts are unavoidable We have to avoid the unmanageable We have to avoid the unmanageable and and to manage the unavoidable to manage the unavoidable (John Schellnhuber )) (John Schellnhuber
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