Lesson 8_Speak Mandarin in Five Hundred Words English version

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Lesson 8_Speak Mandarin in Five Hundred Words English version

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  1. ㈤百字說華語 ㆗英文版 Speak Mandarin in Five Hundred Words 第㈧課 差不多 Lesson 8 Almost Alike 一 課文 TEXT ㆙:㈻校㈲很多外國㈻生,是嗎? xué xiào yǒu hěn duō wài guó xué shēng shì ma There are many foreign students at the school, aren’t there? ㆚:是啊,㈲很多。 shì a yǒu hěn duō Yes, there are a lot. ㆙:比 本 國 ㈻ 生還多嗎? bǐ běn guó xué shēng hái duō ma More than local students? ㆚:不,比 本 國㈻生少。 bù bǐ běn guó xué shēng shǎo No, less than local students. ㆙:㊚ 生 跟 ㊛ 生 ㆒ 樣 多 嗎 ? nán shēng gēn nyǔ shēng yí yàng duō ma Are there as many boys as girls? ㆚:差不多㆒樣多。 chà bù duō yí yàng duō No, they are about the same. 46
  2. 五百字說華語 Speak Mandarin in Five Hundred Words ㆗英文版 ㆙:㊚ 生 跟 ㊛ 生 ㆒ 樣 聰 明 嗎 ? nán shēng gēn nyǔ shēng yí yàng cōng míng ma Are boys as intelligent as girls? ㆚:不㆒定,㈲的聰明,㈲的笨。 bù yí dìng yǒu de cōng míng yǒu de bèn Not necessarily, some are smart, and some are stupid. ㆙:㊚ 生 用 功 還 是 ㊛ 生 用 功 ? nán shēng yòng gōng hái shì nyǔ shēng yòng gōng Do boys or girls work harder? ㆚:他 們 都 很 用功。 tā men dōu hěn yòng gōng They all work very hard. 二 字與詞 WORDS AND PHRASES 比(ㄅㄧˇ;bǐ)to compare with (this comparison morpheme frequently implies superiority) 老師比㈻生忙。 lǎo shī bǐ xué shēng máng The teacher is busier than the students. 你比我聰明。 nǐ bǐ wǒ cōng míng You are smarter than I am. 他比我用功。 tā bǐ wǒ yòng gōng He works harder than I do. ㊚ 生 比 ㊛ 生 多。 nán shēng bǐ nyǔ shēng duō There are more boys than girls. ㊛ 生 比 ㊚ 生 少。 nyǔ shēng bǐ nán shēng shǎo There are fewer girls than boys. 還(ㄏㄞˊ;hái)still even, yet, also 47
  3. ㈤百字說華語 ㆗英文版 Speak Mandarin in Five Hundred Words 他的書比我的還多。 tā de shū bǐ wǒ de hái duō He has even more books than I do. 小 孩 比 大 ㆟ 還 用 功。 xiǎo hái bǐ dà rén hái yòng gōng The children work even harder than adults. 還是(ㄏㄞˊ ㄕˋ;hái shì)or 你的書多,還是我的書多? nǐ de shū duō hái shì wǒ de shū duō Are your books greater in number, or are mine? ㊚生聰明,還是㊛生聰明? nán shēng cōng míng hái shì nyǔ shēng cōng míng Are boys wiser, or are girls? 你去,還是我去? nǐ qù hái shì wǒ qù Are you going, or am I ? 還是你去吧。 hái shì nǐ qù ba It would be better if you go. 跟(ㄍㄣ;gēn)with, and 和(ㄏㄢˋ;hàn) (ㄏㄜˊ;hé)and, together 你跟我都是㈻生。 nǐ gēn wǒ dōu shì xué shēng You and I are students. 他和我都很忙。 tā hàn wǒ dōu hěn máng He and I are both very busy. 樣(ㄧㄤˋ;yàng)outlook, appearance 樣子 yàng zi appearance 48
  4. 五百字說華語 Speak Mandarin in Five Hundred Words ㆗英文版 一樣(ㄧˊ ㄧㄤˋ;yí yàng)as ... as, similar, like 他的筆跟我的㆒樣。 tā de bǐ gēn wǒ de yí yàng His pen is like mine. 大㆟跟小孩㆒樣多。 dà rén gēn xiǎo hái yí yàng duō There are as many adults as children. ㊛生跟㊚生㆒樣用功。 nyǔ shēng gēn nán shēng yí yàng yòng gōng Girls work as hard as boys. 差(ㄔㄚ;chā) (ㄔㄚˋ;chà)inferior, worse 我 的 ㆗ 文 比 你 差。 wǒ de zhōng wén bǐ nǐ chā My Chinese is inferior to yours. 我 ㊢ 的 ㆗ 文 比 他 差。 wǒ xiě de zhōng wén bǐ tā chā My Chinese writing is inferior to his. 差不多(ㄔㄚˋ ㄅㄨˋ ㄉㄨㄛ;chà bù duō)almost; alike 這 兩 本 書差不多。 zhè liǎng běn shū chà bù duō The two books are almost alike. 這兩本書差不多㆒樣。 zhè liǎng běn shū chà bù duō yí yàng The two books are almost alike. 他們兩㆟差不多㆒樣大。 tā men liǎng rén chà bù duō yí yàng dà They are almost the same age. 這 兩 枝 筆差不多㆒樣長。 zhè liǎng zhī bǐ chà bù duō yí yàng cháng These two pens are almost the same length. 聰明(ㄘㄨㄥ ㄇㄧㄥˊ;cōng míng)wise, smart 49
  5. ㈤百字說華語 ㆗英文版 Speak Mandarin in Five Hundred Words 那個小孩子真聰明。 nà ge xiǎo hái zi zhēn cōng míng That child is really smart. 王先生很聰明 。 Wáng xiān shēng hěn cōng míng Mr. Wang is very wise. 笨(ㄅㄣˋ;bèn)stupid 他這個㆟太笨。 tā zhè ge rén tài bèn He is very stupid. 他真笨。 tā zhēn bèn He is really stupid. 聰明㆟也會做笨事。 cōng míng rén yě hùi zuò bèn shì Smart people can do stupid things. 用(ㄩㄥˋ;yòng)use, by means of 你用什麼筆㊢字? nǐ yòng shé me bǐ xiě zì What kind of pen do you write with? 我用鉛筆㊢字。 wǒ yòng qiān bǐ xiě zì I write with a pencil. 用功(ㄩㄥˋ ㄍㄨㄥ;yòng gōng)work hard 我 的 ㈻ 生 很 用 功。 wǒ de xué shēng hěn yòng gōng My students work very hard. 他很聰明,也很用功。 tā hěn cōng míng yě hěn yòng gōng He is very smart and hard-working, too. 50
  6. 五百字說華語 Speak Mandarin in Five Hundred Words ㆗英文版 三 溫習 REVIEW 甲:學校有很多外國學生,是嗎? 乙:是啊,有很多。 甲:比本國學生還多嗎? 乙:不,比本國學生少。 甲:男生跟女生一樣多嗎? 乙:差不多一樣多。 甲:男生跟女生一樣聰明嗎? 乙:不一定,有的聰明,有的笨。 甲:男生用功還是女生用功? 乙:他們都很用功。 51
  7. ㈤百字說華語 ㆗英文版 Speak Mandarin in Five Hundred Words 四 應用 EXTENDED PRACTICE ㆙:這 所 ㈻ 校 比我們㈻校大吧? zhè suǒ xué xiào bǐ wǒ men xué xiào dà ba This school is bigger than ours, isn’t it? ㆚:差不多㆒樣大。 chà bù duō yí yàng dà They’re almost the same size. ㆙:㈻ 生呢? xué shēng ne What about the students? ㆚:㈻生比我們多。 xué shēng bǐ wǒ men duō The students are greater in number than ours. ㆙:老師呢? lǎo shī ne What about the teachers? ㆚:老師比我們少。 lǎo shī bǐ wǒ men shǎo They have fewer teachers than we do. ㆙:那麼,還是我們㈻校好。 nà me hái shì wǒ men xué xiào hǎo Then, our school is better. ㆚:是 啊,我 們㈻校的㈻生很聰明, shì a wǒ men xué xiào de xué shēng hěn cōng míng 也 很 用 功, 你說是不是? yě hěn yòng gōng nǐ shuō shì bú shì Yes, our students are very smart and hard-working. Do you agree? ㆙:不 是!不 是! 我是㆒個笨㈻生。 bú shì bú shì wǒ shì yí ge bèn xué shēng No! No! I am a stupid student. 52
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