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LUYỆN THI TOEFL (CBT) - phần 2

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LUYỆN THI TOEFL (CBT) - phần 2
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  1. English Tutor TeleCampus TOEFL® Study Guide English Tutor TeleCampus TOEFL® Study Guide Main Index Tips and Practice Drills Practice Questions Essay Writing Welcome to the computer-based TOEFL Study Guide with study tips, exercise drills and practice questions! We strongly recommend that you start with the "Tips and Practice Drills" from the index above and then go on to the practice questions. Just follow the directions on each page. If you have any questions, please contact one of our TOEFL instructors. file:///C|/Documents%20and%20Settings/Evonne/Eng...utor%20TeleCampus/CBT%20Study%20Guide/index.html [26/06/2003 12:28:36 PM]
  2. English Tutor TeleCampus TOEFL® Study Guide English Tutor TeleCampus TOEFL® Study Guide The menu selection below has five sections: Part I - Orientation q Part II - Listening Comprehension q Part III - Structure and Written Expression q Part IV - Reading Comprehension q Part V - Writing Section (Essay Question) q Final Test Tips q Read the "TIPS" first before you try the drills and then follow the directions on the screen for each drill. Part I - Orientation Test-Taking Strategies for Computer-Based TOEFL Registration Tips 1 - 2 Tutorials Tip 3 Scores Tip 4 Quick Tips 5 - 11 Basic Tips 12 - 18 Part II - Listening Comprehension Listening Section Tips 19 - 25 Conversational English Tips 26 - 31 Idiom Drills q r Idiom Drill 1 r Idiom Drill 2 r Idiom Drill 3 file:///C|/Documents%20and%20Settings/Evonne/E...TeleCampus/CBT%20Study%20Guide/cbt_drills.html (1 of 3) [26/06/2003 12:29:07 PM]
  3. English Tutor TeleCampus TOEFL® Study Guide Longer Conversations Tips 32 - 34 Part III - Structure and Written Expression Test Design Features Tips 35 - 37 Grammar Tips 38 - 48 Grammar Drill 1 q Sentence Completion Tips 49 - 50 Sentence Completion Drill 1 q Sentence Completion Drill 2 q Sentence Completion Drill 3 q Error Identification Tips 51 - 59 Error Identification Drill 1 q Error Identification Drill 2 q Error Identification Drill 3 q Part IV - Reading Comprehension Test Design Features Tips 60 - 62 Phrases & Paraphrases Tips 63 - 65 Reading Comprehension Drill 1 q General Questions Tip 66 Reading Passage Example Questions q file:///C|/Documents%20and%20Settings/Evonne/E...TeleCampus/CBT%20Study%20Guide/cbt_drills.html (2 of 3) [26/06/2003 12:29:07 PM]
  4. English Tutor TeleCampus TOEFL® Study Guide Part V - Writing Section (Essay Question) Essay Writing Tips 67 - 70 Intensive 15-Session Essay Program q Test Tips Final Test Tips Back to Top of Page Main Index file:///C|/Documents%20and%20Settings/Evonne/E...TeleCampus/CBT%20Study%20Guide/cbt_drills.html (3 of 3) [26/06/2003 12:29:07 PM]
  5. English Tutor TeleCampus TOEFL® Study Guide Welcome, students, to the TOEFL Study Guide! Read the tips carefully and then try to apply them to the drill questions. Test-Taking Strategies for Computer-Based TOEFL How Computer-adaptive testing is different from traditional paper testing You see one question at a time. You cannot skip questions in the adaptive portions of the test (Listening and Structure) You cannot change answers to previously answered questions in the adaptive portions of the test (Listening and Structure) Can't skip/can't change. An examinee cannot go back to a previous question because his or her answer to the question helps determine the difficulty level of the next question given. A simpler way of explaining this is to say that the test scores are being built as you go through the test, so going back would destroy what has already been built. (However, the Reading section is linear, and you can skip/change answers in that portion of the test.) Some test takers are uncomfortable with this; however, they Receive an assessment that is tailored to their ability level and do not spend time answering questions that are too easy or too difficult for them; Can respond incorrectly to several questions and still receive a high score; Receive fewer questions than on paper test. The total testing time is approximately 4 - 4.5 hours, but this depends on how quickly each test taker works through the test. The time limit for each section is very generous so it is not a speeded exam for most test takers. You should be aware of the implications for exiting a section. (They will not be able to return to that section.) You should try to answer every question in each section because the scoring takes into account the number of questions answered in each section. It is to your advantage to carefully consider and answer as many questions as you can. file:///C|/Documents%20and%20Settings/Evonne...r%20TeleCampus/CBT%20Study%20Guide/tips.html (1 of 17) [26/06/2003 12:29:15 PM]
  6. English Tutor TeleCampus TOEFL® Study Guide You should use effective time management -- each section has an overall time limit. The directions at the beginning of each test section specify the total number of questions in the section and the time allowed for the section. The time remaining in the test can be displayed throughout the test. You should pay attention to the number of questions and the amount of time remaining to be sure they are making good progress through the test. Back to Program Menu Registration Tips 1 - 2 Tip 1 - Have you registered for the TOEFL test? Be sure to order the free TOEFL Bulletin directly from ETS at http://www.toefl.org or check out our website for this information under http://toefl.telecampus.com/bulletins.html. Be sure to order a free TOEFL Sampler (a practice CD Rom) from ETS at http://www.toefl.org. Tip 2 - Overview of Computer-based TOEFL test The length of the test session is approximately four (4) hours. There is a tutorial section which on average takes 40 minutes to complete but is untimed. There is a Listening Section which takes 40-60 minutes and has 30- 50 questions. There is a Structure Section which takes 15-20 minutes and has 20- 25 questions. There is then a 10 minute break. There is a Reading Section which takes 70-90 minutes and has 44-60 questions. There is the Writing Section which takes 30 minutes and has 1 essay file:///C|/Documents%20and%20Settings/Evonne...r%20TeleCampus/CBT%20Study%20Guide/tips.html (2 of 17) [26/06/2003 12:29:15 PM]
  7. English Tutor TeleCampus TOEFL® Study Guide question. Back to Program Menu Tutorials Tip 3 There are seven (7) tutorial lessons. Basic computer skill tutorial: 1. Using a mouse 2. Scrolling (moving text up and down) 3. Using testing tools (icons for displaying the time clock, for getting help, etc.) Section Tutorials 4. How to answer Listening 5. How to answer Structure 6. How to answer Reading 7. How to answer Writing Back to Program Menu Scores Tip 4 The new computer-based test offers you a quicker response to getting your scores. You will see PART of your score at the end of the test and can select up to 3 institutions for your scores to be sent for free at that time. Your final score will be calculated and sent to you in up to 3 weeks if you submit your essay by computer; however, if you handwrite the essay, it will take a bit longer to get your scores. The new score scales are different than the paper-based test: Listening: 0-30 Structure/Writing: 0-30 Reading: 0-30 Total: 0-300 Essay rating is included in the Structure/Writing score and also file:///C|/Documents%20and%20Settings/Evonne...r%20TeleCampus/CBT%20Study%20Guide/tips.html (3 of 17) [26/06/2003 12:29:15 PM]
  8. English Tutor TeleCampus TOEFL® Study Guide reported separately on a scale of 1.0-6.0. When the test is completed, you have a choice to view your scores on the screen (they will be unofficial scores which do not include the essay.) You will see scores for Listening and Reading and the Structure/Writing and Total scores will be shown only as RANGES because the essay will not have been scored yet. You can also choose up to four score recipients from the type-down list. Back to Program Menu Quick Tips 5 - 11 Tip 5 The key is to think like the people who write the test: learn the types of questions that come up most often and what a right answer looks like, use your time effectively. Tip 6 Identify your strengths and weaknesses so we can work on them together….practice, practice, practice. Tip 7 Expressions and idioms used in England and other English-speaking countries will not be tested--only American English (page 3). Tip 8 Practice and prepare for the test. Don't just try to "wing it". The more you know about the test, the better you will perform. If the test is familiar to you, you will have less stress dealing with it. Tip 9 Don't try to study everything just before the exam. Work at it often over a period of time (i.e. 4 weeks). Tip 10 Be sure to review the TOEFL sampler for more samples of questions. Tip 11 file:///C|/Documents%20and%20Settings/Evonne...r%20TeleCampus/CBT%20Study%20Guide/tips.html (4 of 17) [26/06/2003 12:29:15 PM]
  9. English Tutor TeleCampus TOEFL® Study Guide This exam is like a competitive sport; practice and be prepared. Back to Program Menu Basic Tips 12 - 17 Tip 12 PART I - Orientation The computer-based TOEFL exam is made up of four (4) sections: 1. Listening comprehension, 2. Structure & Written Expression, 3. Reading Comprehension, and 4. an Essay portion. There is a tutorial at the beginning of the exam to show you how to use the computer during the exam. You must do this tutorial, but by becoming more comfortable with the computer using this program, you may prefer to take the shorter version of the tutorial that is offered. Tip 13 The Basics Learn what to expect and how to take a standardized test from the TOEFL Sampler CD (don't waste time with directions - memorize them). Tip 14 The Basics There is no penalty for an incorrect answer - have one letter in mind that you will see as your "guess" answer. This strategy should NOT be used on the computer-based test in the Listening Comprehension section. Tip 15 The Basics Practice the techniques and do the drills a little at a time - don't leave it all for one weekend. Tip 16 The Basics On the computer-based test, it IS important in the Listening Section to answer ALL the questions (as many as you can in the time allowed). file:///C|/Documents%20and%20Settings/Evonne...r%20TeleCampus/CBT%20Study%20Guide/tips.html (5 of 17) [26/06/2003 12:29:15 PM]
  10. English Tutor TeleCampus TOEFL® Study Guide Tip 17 The Basics The computer-based test will not have a separate sheet for answers, you will click your answers directly on the screen. This can be practiced with our practice drills and exams and the TOEFL Sampler CD-Rom. Back to Program Menu Part II - Listening Comprehension Test Design Features Length: 40-60 minutes (15-25 minutes are actually for response time; the time spent listening to the stimuli is not counted). Number of Questions: 30-50 questions r Dialogues: 11 - 17 with 1 item each r Short conversations: 2 - 3 sets with 2-3 questions per set r Mini-lectures/academic discussions: up to 2.5 minutes in length, 4 -6 sets with 3 - 6 questions per set. Headphones with adjustable volume control Examinees will both see and hear the questions before the answer choices appear. This section is computer-adaptive. Types of Listening Material Dialogues and short conversations (traditional multiple-choice questions only) Segments of classroom lectures on academic topics (traditional and new question types) Segments of academic discussions on academic topics involving multiple speakers (traditional and new question types) Types of Listening Questions Mostly traditional multiple-choice questions (1 stem and 4 options) Some new question types that are not single-selection multiple choice: r Clicking on a picture or parts of a picture: not very different from traditional multiple-choice r Clicking on two choices: testing main reasons or supporting details; similar to traditional multiple choice but with two correct answers (usually four options total) file:///C|/Documents%20and%20Settings/Evonne...r%20TeleCampus/CBT%20Study%20Guide/tips.html (6 of 17) [26/06/2003 12:29:15 PM]
  11. English Tutor TeleCampus TOEFL® Study Guide Matching/ordering objects or text: testing comprehension of a r process, understanding of a categorization of groups. We do not specify that a certain number of these types of questions be used; one type is not necessarily more difficult than the others; each type can range from easy to difficult. Use of visuals Can take advantage of the multimedia capability of the computer by using photos and graphics to create context and support the content of the lectures, and more closely approximate "real world" situations (in which we don't just listen to voices). Use of visuals in two ways: 1. Context - photos of the speaker or speakers that provide setting for the stimulus (e.g., photos of lecturer, photo of speakers conversing); every set has a context-setting visual. 2. Content - reinforces what the stimulus is about; visuals are authentic to lectures (e.g., diagram of a cell or key terms from lecture written on the board); half of the sets in the pool have a content-related visual; the visuals are used only if they fit well with the lecture. Some pictures are associated with more than one dialogue of short conversation, but because of selection rules it is unlikely that examinees will encounter this. It is possible to have the same people in different pictures. Examinees should concentrate on listening to the dialogue or short conversation and not focus on the visuals. Pacing Examinee-controlled pace; you control the pace of how soon the next question is presented; however, now test takers need to exercise time management. (With the paper TOEFL the pace of the questions was determined by the tape recording; examinees had 11 seconds to respond to each question.) Notetaking You are not allowed to take notes or have any notes at their computer. (NOTE: Research we have conducted indicates that you do not perform any better when allowed to take notes. In fact, some may perform worse because they may focus on taking notes or specific details rather than listening for an overall understanding of the stimulus.) file:///C|/Documents%20and%20Settings/Evonne...r%20TeleCampus/CBT%20Study%20Guide/tips.html (7 of 17) [26/06/2003 12:29:15 PM]
  12. English Tutor TeleCampus TOEFL® Study Guide Listening Section Tips 18 - 25 Listening Section Tip 18 In the Listening Section of the computer-based exam, it is important NOT to GUESS the answers! Do not try to fill in the answers if you run out of time. It will not make a difference in your score if you guess on the other sections of the exam. Tip 19 For Listening, you must answer and confirm each question before going on. In these sections they should use effective guessing strategies: 1. If you get stuck on a difficult question, you should eliminate as many answer choices as possible and then select and confirm the answer you think is best. 2. If you find that they are running out of time at the end of a section, you should NOT randomly guess, because it can lower your score. Listening Section Tip 20 Pace yourself - answer as many questions as you can. The question types in the Listening section include: r Main ideas (including the order of a process and categorizing topics/objects) r Supporting ideas r Important details r Inferences Listening Section Tip 21 For the computer-based test, you will not see the answer choices before you hear the question. Listening Section Tip 22 A trap answer choice is one that means the opposite of the right answer choice. Listening Section Tip 23 A trap answer choice is one that uses some of the same sounds and file:///C|/Documents%20and%20Settings/Evonne...r%20TeleCampus/CBT%20Study%20Guide/tips.html (8 of 17) [26/06/2003 12:29:15 PM]
  13. English Tutor TeleCampus TOEFL® Study Guide words as those in the stem. (ex: Some day sounds like Sunday) Listening Section Tip 24 Guess the question (answer choices: meaning, circumstance, action) 1. MEANING: subject and a verb in each answer choice (example: what does the man/woman imply, suggest, infer, conclude); 2. CIRCUMSTANCE: do not have a subject or a verb in each answer choice (place, name or detail); 3. ACTION: have a verb in each answer choice. (verb examples; go, do, stay, save, wait) Listening Section Tip 25 Three ways to find the right answer: 1. OPPOSITES: if there is one pair of opposites in the answer, one of them is likely to be the right answer; 2. COMMON SENSE: too extreme, wrong topics, silly; 3. SOUND-ALIKES: an incorrect answer choice often contains words that sound like the words in the stem. Back to Program Menu Conversational English Tips 26 - 31 Conversational English Tip 26 Practice speaking and listening to English (radio, TV, internet sites like Dave's ESL Café ( http://eslcafe.com ) Conversational English Tip 27 Voice emphasis can change the meaning of a statement. In spoken English, people place stress on certain words in a given sentence to convey additional meaning beyond the dictionary definitions of the words. The pitch or volume of one's voice to make the word stand out from the rest of the sentence. One fo the things that vocal emphasis can tell you is which information in the sentence the speaker considers to be the most important. Conversational English Tip 28 Emphasized expressions: What's Important When the following sentence is written on paper file:///C|/Documents%20and%20Settings/Evonne...r%20TeleCampus/CBT%20Study%20Guide/tips.html (9 of 17) [26/06/2003 12:29:15 PM]
  14. English Tutor TeleCampus TOEFL® Study Guide "Susan took the red purse?" every word is stressed equally. However, when emphasis is placed on specific words in the sentence, the intention of the speaker changes slightly. For example: "Susan took the red purse?" If you emphasize "Susan" one is surprised that Susan took the purse, and not someone else. "Susan took the red purse?" If you emphasize "took" one is surprised that Susan "took" the purse and not perhaps borrowed it. "Susan took the red purse?" If you emphasize "red" one is surprised that it was it was not the blue purse that was taken. "Susan took the red purse?" If you emphasize "purse" one is surprised that it was the purse that was taken, not the wallet for example. Conversational English Tip 29 Common TOEFL Exam Cliches All of the following are cliches that appear on the TOEFL and are used to express simple ideas. We've grouped them by meaning in order to make them easier to learn. Meaning: "I don't know." I couldn't tell you. r I wouldn't know. r I haven't the vaguest. r I haven't the foggiest. r I haven't any idea. r Who knows? r It's a mystery to me. r Don't look at me. r file:///C|/Documents%20and%20Settings/Evonne...r%20TeleCampus/CBT%20Study%20Guide/tips.html (10 of 17) [26/06/2003 12:29:15 PM]
  15. English Tutor TeleCampus TOEFL® Study Guide Don't ask me. r You got me. r Beats me. r Meaning: "No." Not in a million years. r I wouldn't say that. r I doubt it. r Don't count on it. r Not likely. r Probably not. r Don't bet on it. r I don't think so. r Dont' be too sure. r Never. r No way. r Meaning: "Don't do it!" I wouldn't if I were you. r Oh no you don't! r Cut it out! r Not here you don't. r Better leave well enough alone. r Forget it! r Don't bother. r Meaning: Agreement To say the least. r That's putting it mildly. r You can say that again. r That's for sure. r Now, That's an idea. r There you go! -- Now youve said something I agree with, r whereas you didn't before. I'll say. r I couldn't agree with you more. r Count me in. r Why not! r Won't I! r file:///C|/Documents%20and%20Settings/Evonne...r%20TeleCampus/CBT%20Study%20Guide/tips.html (11 of 17) [26/06/2003 12:29:15 PM]
  16. English Tutor TeleCampus TOEFL® Study Guide Don't I! r Aren't I! r Meaning: "Thank you!" Thanks! r I appreciate it. r Thanks a lot. r I don't know how to thank you. r You're a lifesaver. r I'll never be able to repay you. r I 'm grateful. r Meaning: "You're welcome!" It's the least I can do. r Forget it. r Don't mention it. r Never mind. r It doesn't matter r No problem. r Meaning: "What did you say?" Pardon me? r Excuse me? r Sorry? r What? r Meaning: Surprise / disbelief Isn't that something? r My goodness! r How about that! r It/He/She's too good to be true! r We made it! r You're kidding! r You're joking! r Come on! r It can't be! r Who says? r file:///C|/Documents%20and%20Settings/Evonne...r%20TeleCampus/CBT%20Study%20Guide/tips.html (12 of 17) [26/06/2003 12:29:15 PM]
  17. English Tutor TeleCampus TOEFL® Study Guide Conversational English Tip 30 Homonyms are like sound-alikes; Keep this list to review now and again. new: not used r "I bought this new book today". knew: past tense of "know" r "I knew you bought that book". flour: ingredient in baking r "I need two cups of flour for the cake". flower: daisy, tulip, rose r "I love to grow flowers in my garden". sew: use a needle and thread r "I need to sew the hem on this skirt." so: who cares? r "So what? I don't have a skirt". won: defeated an opponent r "We won the game by 2 to 1." one: the number 1, or alone r "One at a time, that's how you do it". plain: simple, unadorned r "This dress is too plain -- ther are no designs on it." plane: airplane, for flying r "We flew in that new plane." sea: ocean r "We swam in the sea." see: to view, use your eyes r "I see how beiautiful the ocean is." wood: material from a tree r "I like to buy wood furniture". would: subjunctive or conditional mood of "will" r "I would like to go to the movies". hour: a sixty-minute time period r "This class is one hour long." our: possessive form of "we" r "We like our new step-mother." file:///C|/Documents%20and%20Settings/Evonne...r%20TeleCampus/CBT%20Study%20Guide/tips.html (13 of 17) [26/06/2003 12:29:15 PM]
  18. English Tutor TeleCampus TOEFL® Study Guide red: the color r "You must stop at a red light". read: finished reading r "I read a whole book last night." wait: to pause, stop r "Wait for me--I'll be right there." weight: heaviness r "The weight of the books was too much for her to carry." maid: someone who cleans r "The maid cleaned the whole house today". made: past tense of "make." r "I made the bed after I got up this morning." way: direction r "Which way did he go? weigh: to figure out how heavy r "Did you weigh the package?" hole: an empty space r "They dug a hole to put the post in for the fence" whole: entire r "I read the whole book". by: near r "I go by the baker's on my way home." buy: to purchase r "I will buy bread on my way home." sail: on a boat r "The sail flapped in the breeze". sale: a discount, bragain r "I bought this on sale and saved a lot of money". sense: as in common sense r "That makes good sense." cents: pennies, money r "It cost me twenty cents to take the subway." reflex: unconscious movement r "My leg jerked in reflex to the pain". reflects: casts back an image r "The water reflects the moon when it is full". file:///C|/Documents%20and%20Settings/Evonne...r%20TeleCampus/CBT%20Study%20Guide/tips.html (14 of 17) [26/06/2003 12:29:15 PM]
  19. English Tutor TeleCampus TOEFL® Study Guide soul: spirit r "The Buddhists believe the soul is reincarnated". sole: only r "He was the sole heir to the fortune". son: male child r "My son is called after his father". sun: the earth revolves around it r "The sun is hot today!" I: me, myself r "I bought a new dress". eye: what you see with r "I have something in my eye and it hurts". banned: not allowed r "He is banned from the club due to his behavior". band: a music group or something you tie with r "The band at the club was good". "She ties her hair with a band". hire: to employ someone r "I need to hire a tutor." higher: more elevated r "I need to get a higher mark on the TOEFL". worn: past tense of "wear" r "I have worn out my shoes." warn: to caution r "I warn you to study or you will fail". jeans: denim pants r "My jeans are getting worn out". genes: units of inheritance r "He inherited blue eyes from his mother's genes". cell: makes up matter r "Every cell in your body needs water". sell: to make a sale r "He needs to sell his car". pale: light in color r "She is so pale because she has not been in the sun." file:///C|/Documents%20and%20Settings/Evonne...r%20TeleCampus/CBT%20Study%20Guide/tips.html (15 of 17) [26/06/2003 12:29:15 PM]
  20. English Tutor TeleCampus TOEFL® Study Guide pail: a container r "Please bring me a pail of water." tale: story r "She told a long tale about her imaginary friend." tail: at the end of an animal r "The cat had an extremely long tail." scene: where something takes place r "The crime scene was roped off with police tape." seen: past tense of "see" r "I have seen too much." fair: festival, carnival r "The summer fair starts tomorrow." fare: cost r "The taxi fare was $20." here: this place r "Come here to me." hear: listen r "I can hear you clearly". principal: the head of a school r "I was sent to the principal's office". principle: belief r "She stood by her principles and refused to answer." weather: what it's like outside r "The weather is nice and sunny today." whether: if r "I need to know whether you are coming to dinner on Friday or Saturday." die: to become dead or cease to live r "We will all die someday". dye: to color things or what is used to color things r "I used to dye my hair when I was younger". Conversational English Tip 31 Idioms are words or phrases that do not translate literally. Do the 3 Idiom Drills that follow and then keep a list of those you have trouble with to review now and again. file:///C|/Documents%20and%20Settings/Evonne...r%20TeleCampus/CBT%20Study%20Guide/tips.html (16 of 17) [26/06/2003 12:29:15 PM]
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