Lý thuyết điều khiển hơi 3

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Lý thuyết điều khiển hơi 3

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product handbook 2002 - 2003 Spirax-Sarco Limited, Charlton House, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, GL53 8ER UK. Tel: +44 (0)1242 521361 Fax: +44 (0)1242 573342 E-mail: Enquiries@SpiraxSarco.com Internet: www.SpiraxSarco.com .Spirax Sarco worldwide service Europe Austria (Vienna) Tel: (43) 1 699 6411 - Fax (43) 1 699 6414 Belgium (Zwijnaarde) Tel: (32) 9 244 6710 - Fax: (32) 9 244 6720 Czech Republic (Prague) Tel: (420) 2 74001351 - Fax: (420) 2 74001352 Denmark (Copenhagen) Tel: (45) 38 10 4288 - Fax: (45) 38 34 3858 Finland (Helsinki) Tel: (358) 9 4136 1611 - Fax: (358) 9 4136 1640 France (Trappes) Tel: (33) 1 3066 4343 - Fax: (33)...

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  1. product handbook 2002 - 2003 Spirax-Sarco Limited, Charlton House, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, GL53 8ER UK. Tel: +44 (0)1242 521361 Fax: +44 (0)1242 573342 E-mail: Enquiries@SpiraxSarco.com Internet: www.SpiraxSarco.com
  2. Spirax Sarco worldwide service Europe Americas Austria (Vienna) Argentina (Buenos Aires) Tel: (43) 1 699 6411 - Fax (43) 1 699 6414 Tel: (54) 11 4741 6100 - Fax: (54) 11 4741 7711 Belgium (Zwijnaarde) Brazil (Sao Paulo) Tel: (32) 9 244 6710 - Fax: (32) 9 244 6720 Tel: (55) 11 4615 9000 - Fax: (55) 11 4615 9007 Czech Republic (Prague) Canada (Toronto) Tel: (420) 2 74001351 - Fax: (420) 2 74001352 Tel: (1) 905 660 5510 - Fax: (1) 905 660 5503 Denmark (Copenhagen) Mexico (Monterrey) Tel: (45) 38 10 4288 - Fax: (45) 38 34 3858 Tel: (52 81) 8336 3248 - Fax: (52 81) 8336 2219 Finland (Helsinki) USA (Blythewood S.C.) Tel: (1-803) 714-2000 - Fax: (1-803) 714-2219 Tel: (358) 9 4136 1611 - Fax: (358) 9 4136 1640 France (Trappes) Tel: (33) 1 3066 4343 - Fax: (33) 1 3066 1122 Asia China (Shanghai) Germany (Konstanz) Tel (86 21) 6485 4898 - Fax: (86 21) 6485 4899 Tel: (49) 7531 5806 0 - Fax: (49) 7531 5806 22 Hong Kong* Hungary (Budapest)* Tel: (65) 453 6666 - Fax: (65) 459 6854 Tel: (36) 1 22 3708 - Fax: (36) 1 223 1110 India (Poona) Ireland (Dublin)* Tel: (91) 20 7145595 - Fax: (91) 20 7147413 Tel: (45) 866 012 - Fax: (45) 874 796 Indonesia (Jakarta)* Italy (Milan) Tel: (65) 453 6666 - Fax: (65) 459 6854 Tel: (39) 0362 49171 - Fax: (39) 0362 4917317 Japan (Tokyo) Norway (Oslo) Tel: (81) 43 274 4811 - Fax: (81) 43 274 4818 Tel: (47) 67 06 7680 - Fax: (47) 67 06 1408 Korea (Seoul) Tel: (82) 2 525 5755 - Fax (82) 2 525 5766 Poland (Warsaw) Tel: (48) 22 843 7697 - Fax: (48) 22 847 6367 Malaysia (Kuala Lumpur) Tel: (60) 3 56353323 - Fax: (60) 3 56357717 Portugal (Lisbon) Tel: (351) 21 417 5093 - Fax: (351) 21 417 5100 Pakistan (Karachi)* Tel: (92) 21 4937163 - Fax: (92) 21 4541768 Russia (St Petersburg)* Tel: (7) 812 324 4987 - Fax: (7) 812 184 2933 Philippines (Manila)* Tel: (65) 453 6666 - Fax: (65) 459 6854 Spain (Barcelona) Tel: (34) 93 685 7929 - Fax: (34) 93 685 7011 Singapore Tel: (65) 453 6666 - Fax: (65) 459 6854 Sweden (Stockholm) Tel: (46) 8 556 32230 - Fax: (46) 8 18 29 60 Taiwan (Taipei) Tel: (886) 02 2662 6689 - Fax: (886) 02 2662 6715 Switzerland (Zurich - Zollikon) Tel: (41) 01 396 8000 - Fax: (41) 01 396 8010 Thailand (Bangkok) Tel: (66) 2 379 3211 - Fax: (66) 2 379 4656 UK (Cheltenham) Tel: (44) 1242 521361 - Fax: (44) 1242 573342 Australasia Australia (Sydney) Africa Tel: (61) 2 9621 4100 - Fax: (61) 2 9831 8519 Egypt (Cairo)* New Zealand (Auckland) Tel: (20) 12 220 2234 - Fax: (20) 2 378 0361 Tel: (64) 09 263 4205 - Fax (64) 09 263 8400 Kenya (Nairobi)* Tel: (254) 2 443340 - Fax: (254) 2 444232 Middle East South Africa (Johannesburg) United Arab Emirates (Dubai)* Tel: (27) 11 394 1212-18 - Fax: (27) 11 394 1219 Tel: (971) 4 881 7212 - Fax: (971) 4 881 8560 * Sales offices
  3. Product handbook contents Foreword Pipeline ancillaries ....................... Section 7.0 Bellows sealed stop valves 7.1 Product overview ......................... Section 1.0 HV3 stop valves 7.2 Piston valves 7.3 Boiler controls and systems ....... Section 2.0 Ball valves 7.4 Feed tanks 2.1 Butterfly valves 7.5 Steam injectors 2.2 Check valves 7.6 Level controls 2.3 Strainers and filters 7.7 TDS blowdown controls 2.4 Separators and insulation jackets 7.8 Conductivity sensors 2.5 Sight glasses 7.9 Sample coolers 2.6 Diffusers 7.10 Conductivity meters 2.7 Pressure gauges and temperature gauges 7.11 Heat recovery systems 2.8 Air vents and air eliminators 7.12 Blowdown vessels 2.9 Vacuum breakers 7.13 Vent heads 2.10 Hosedown stations 7.14 Bottom blowdown systems 2.11 Depressurisation valves 7.15 Flowmetering ................................ Section 3.0 Humidification products .............. Section 8.0 Spiraflo flowmeters 3.1 Steam injection humidifiers 8.1 Gilflo flowmeters 3.2 Self-generative humidifiers 8.2 Vortex flowmeters 3.3 Orifice plate flowmeters 3.4 Products for compressed air ..... Section 9.0 Computers, displays and transmitters 3.5 Filters 9.1 Regulators 9.2 Control systems ........................... Section 4.0 Lubricators 9.3 Control valves 4.1 Filter / regulators 9.4 Pneumatic actuators 4.2 Isolators, drain traps and ancillaries 9.5 Electric actuators 4.3 Positioners, controllers, sensors 4.4 Packaged systems .................... Section 10.0 Self-acting controls 4.5 Clean steam generators 10.1 Pressure reducing / surplussing valves 4.6 Heat exchangers 10.2 Safety valves 4.7 General information .................... Section 11.0 Steam traps ................................... Section 5.0 Steam tables 11.1 Steam trap performance monitors 5.1 Conversion tables 11.2 Balanced pressure 5.2 Steam traps - International standards 11.3 Bimetallic 5.3 Product limitations 11.4 Fixed temperature discharge 5.4 Ball float 5.5 Index ............................................ Section 12.0 Inverted bucket 5.6 Index by product number 12.1 Thermodynamic 5.7 Index by product name 12.2 Sealed 5.8 Index by document number 12.3 Swivel connectors and traps 5.9 Manifolds and insulation jackets 5.10 Applications overview ...................... Fold-out Condensate pumps and energy recovery ........................... Section 6.0 Mechanical pumps and pump traps 6.1 Electric pumps 6.2 Flash steam recovery vessels 6.3 Some of the products in this Handbook may not be available in certain markets. Local regulations may restrict the use of the products shown to below the conditions quoted. In the interests of development and improvement of the product, we reserve the right to change the specification without notice.
  4. Foreword and guidance notes Welcome to the Spirax Sarco 2002 - 2003 Product Handbook. Those of you who have used previous issues of our handbook will notice a few changes. Not least of these is that the handbook is 25% bigger than last time. How to use this handbook (Click here for how to use this CD version) The handbook consists of three main parts: - The colour section at the front that includes the contents, contact details and summary of the entire product range. - The main black and white sections containing the technical information and three indexes listing the pages by reference number (e.g. TI-P068-18), product number (e.g. TD52) and product name (e.g. Thermodynamic steam traps). - The colour fold-out section at the back that summarises the range of applications for which Spirax Sarco can provide a solution. Products are grouped together according to type or function and with similar products sub-divided into sections. These sections are numbered and can be seen in the contents, on the back cover and in the black tabs on the page edges. Page numbering starts from 1 within each section, for example the ninth page in section 5.7 is numbered '5.7.9'. Every double page spread of technical information has headings which identify the main product group and its sub-division. For example page 5.7.9 has the heading 'Steam traps' printed on the top left and its facing page has 'Thermodynamic' printed on the top right. Where possible the documents in this handbook are arranged according to their end connection and body material. Note: This is an international publication and not all products are available in all countries. Many companies can supply further products or services on request. These may include steam trap surveys, plant automation and packaged plant room systems. If the product or service you need is not listed contact your local sales company representative. These documents are for initial specification purposes only. Safety information together with installation and maintenance instructions are provided with every product. Consult your local Spirax Sarco office if you require help in correctly selecting your product. Go online with the worldwide service Spirax Sarco maintains a 'Technical Library' with all the latest technical and installation information on its worldwide websites. Visit www.SpiraxSarco.com and click on the Information Centre or select your country for more information. Quality approvals Spirax-Sarco Limited has a management system approved against the ISO.9001 standard. The current registration body used is Lloyds Register Quality Assurance (LRQA). The previous registration body was the British Standards Institute (BSI). Some documents may consequently continue to show the BSI logo during the change-over period. All products sold into the European Community must comply with the European Product Equipment Directive (PED) from 29th May 2002. Spirax Sarco has approvals against the requirements of PED Modules D and H, to assure relevant compliance of its exceptional range of products, and we shall be pleased to discuss your needs. Contact your local sales company representative for further information.
  5. Product handbook CD guidance notes Those who are familiar with Acrobat’s pdf format should find this CD version very simple to use. It quickly enables you to find the Technical Information Sheet you require. For those who are unfamiliar with Acrobat, these guidance notes will help you to get the most out of this CD. They explain how Acrobat’s navigation and search facilities help you find exactly what you want in the quickest way. Navigation of content The content of this CD version is exactly the same as the book version (apart from these notes), and the content is broken down into sections in the same way. Each section is held in a separate pdf. Within the Introduction section on page 3 you will find the contents page. Here you can click on the section and sub- section titles and go directly to that section (See Fig. 1). You can also use the bookmark navigation window (F5 key to hide/unhide) to easily navigate throughout the content sections (e.g. Boiler controls and systems) and subsections (e.g. Steam injectors). In the navigation window you will also find the Index section which is in three sections: • Index by product number (e.g. APT14) • Index by product name (e.g. Flowmeter) • Index by document number (e.g. TI-P133-02). By selecting one of these indexes you will jump directly to that index. Selecting an entry within the index will go directly to that page. If ever you do get lost within the CD please click on the PHBcover bookmark in the bookmark navigation window, this will take you back to the beginning. Fig. 1 Search facility Selecting the bookmark 'Find within this section' in the navigation window will bring a small window on screen, here you can type in a keyword, phrase or number. The first instance of this word or number will be highlighted on that page. If you select 'Find Again' the next instance will be highlighted, and so on throughout the current section's pdf. Selecting the bookmark 'Search within entire handbook' allows you to type in a keyword, phrase or number to search for, within the whole product handbook. You could type a product number e.g. APT14 or even a Masterfile reference number e.g. TI-P612-04. All the sections in the handbook with this word or number within it will be listed in a new 'Search Results' window (See Fig. 2). You will often get more than one result, this is because all the instances are listed where the word appears, including where it features in the Index. Highlighting one of the results and clicking on the 'View' button will jump to that document, with the word you searched for highlighted. You can move throughout the search results in the following way: To get to the next page ctrl + ] Previous page ctrl + [ Next document ctrl + shift + ] Previous document ctrl + shift + [ Fig. 2 NOTE: In some earlier issues of version 5.0 the search facility was not so easy to access. If you experience problems using the search facility in the product handbook, install the copy of Acrobat Reader 5.0.5 provided on this CD. Copying text or graphics for use in other applications Acrobat has a text selection tool (see in the toolbar) which allows you to highlight parts of the bodytext of the Technical Information Sheets (see Fig. 3). Selecting 'Edit' and 'Copy' from the drop down menus will copy the selected text to your clipboard for use elsewhere. There is also a graphics selection tool (see in the toolbar) which allows you to draw a marquee around a picture. Selecting 'Edit' and 'Copy' from the drop down menus will again copy the information to the clipboard for use in other applications. Other useful tools Acrobat also has a wide selection of tools, including zoom in and out, page size view, print, next, previous, first and last page buttons. Use the Acrobat help facility to find out more. To access it select 'Help' from the menu and click on 'Acrobat Help'. Fig. 3

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