Mac OS X Leopard Bible

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Mac OS X Leopard Bible

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Mac OS X Leopard Bible Updates For updates to this book, please visit www.wiley.com/go/leopard. Samuel A Litt, Thomas Clancy, Jr., Warren Gottlieb, Douglas Heyman, Elizabeth Costa-Woods, Seth B. Zuckerman

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  1. Mac OS X Leopard ® ™ Bible Samuel A. Litt, Thomas Clancy, Jr., Warren Gottlieb, Douglas Heyman, Elizabeth Costa-Woods, Seth B. Zuckerman
  2. Mac OS X Leopard ® ™ Bible
  3. Updates For updates to this book, please visit www.wiley.com/go/leopard.
  4. Mac OS X Leopard ® ™ Bible Samuel A. Litt, Thomas Clancy, Jr., Warren Gottlieb, Douglas Heyman, Elizabeth Costa-Woods, Seth B. Zuckerman
  5. Mac OS® X Leopard™ Bible Published by Wiley Publishing, Inc. 10475 Crosspoint Boulevard Indianapolis, IN 46256 www.wiley.com Copyright © 2008 by Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana Published simultaneously in Canada ISBN: 978-0-470-04174-1 Manufactured in the United States of America 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning or otherwise, except as permitted under Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act, without either the prior written permission of the Publisher, or authorization through payment of the appropriate per-copy fee to the Copyright Clearance Center, 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, (978) 750-8400, fax (978) 646-8600. Requests to the Publisher for permission should be addressed to the Legal Department, Wiley Publishing, Inc., 10475 Crosspoint Blvd., Indianapolis, IN 46256, (317) 572-3447, fax (317) 572-4355, or online at http://www.wiley.com/go/permissions. LIMIT OF LIABILITY/DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTY: THE PUBLISHER AND THE AUTHOR MAKE NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES WITH RESPECT TO THE ACCURACY OR COMPLETENESS OF THE CONTENTS OF THIS WORK AND SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION WARRANTIES OF FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. NO WARRANTY MAY BE CREATED OR EXTENDED BY SALES OR PROMOTIONAL MATERIALS. THE ADVICE AND STRATEGIES CONTAINED HEREIN MAY NOT BE SUITABLE FOR EVERY SITUATION. THIS WORK IS SOLD WITH THE UNDERSTANDING THAT THE PUBLISHER IS NOT ENGAGED IN RENDERING LEGAL, ACCOUNTING, OR OTHER PROFESSIONAL SERVICES. IF PROFESSIONAL ASSISTANCE IS REQUIRED, THE SERVICES OF A COMPETENT PROFESSIONAL PERSON SHOULD BE SOUGHT. NEITHER THE PUBLISHER NOR THE AUTHOR SHALL BE LIABLE FOR DAMAGES ARISING HEREFROM. THE FACT THAT AN ORGANIZATION OR WEBSITE IS REFERRED TO IN THIS WORK AS A CITATION AND/OR A POTENTIAL SOURCE OF FURTHER INFORMATION DOES NOT MEAN THAT THE AUTHOR OR THE PUBLISHER ENDORSES THE INFORMATION THE ORGANIZATION OR WEBSITE MAY PROVIDE OR RECOMMENDATIONS IT MAY MAKE. FURTHER, READERS SHOULD BE AWARE THAT INTERNET WEBSITES LISTED IN THIS WORK MAY HAVE CHANGED OR DISAPPEARED BETWEEN WHEN THIS WORK WAS WRITTEN AND WHEN IT IS READ. For general information on our other products and services or to obtain technical support, please contact our Customer Care Department within the U.S. at (800) 762-2974, outside the U.S. at (317) 572-3993 or fax (317) 572-4002. Library of Congress Control Number: 2007926396 Trademarks: Wiley, the Wiley logo, and related trade dress are trademarks or registered trademarks of John Wiley & Sons, Inc. and/or its affiliates, in the United States and other countries, and may not be used without written permission. Mac OS and Leopard are trademarks or registered trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners. Wiley Publishing, Inc., is not associated with any product or vendor mentioned in this book. Wiley also publishes its books in a variety of electronic formats. Some content that appears in print may not be available in electronic books.
  6. About the Authors Samuel A. Litt is an Apple Certified Technical Coordinator as well as a certified member of the Apple Consultants Network. He is a certified SonicWall security administrator, a Qlogic certified systems administrator, and is certified in Xsan and Avid Unity Storage Area Networks as well. He currently serves as the manager of Macintosh support for the Department of Information Technology and Telecommunications for the City of New York. His works published to date include the Mac OS X Administration Basics Exam Cram Study Guide, the Mac OS X Bible Panther and Leopard Editions, as well as several articles for Element K’s Mac Administrator Journal and Quark’s X-RAY magazine. Elizabeth Costa-Woods has been working with Macs for over 10 years and is an Apple certified technical coordinator. She is currently a Macintosh systems administrator for the City of New York. Before working for the City, she worked for the City Volunteer Corp., Cause Effective, and the Nathan Cummings Foundation. Elizabeth currently lives in New Jersey with her husband and two children. Thomas Clancy, Jr. is one of the four co-owners of Valiant Technology Inc., a consulting and sup- port company in New York City, along with Douglas Heyman, Gene McMurray, and Georg J. Dauterman. Tom attended Queens College (CUNY) and received his bachelor’s degree in European history and secondary education. Tom currently lives in Putnam County, New York (aka Ice Station Zebra) with his wife, Alice, and their two sons, Jack and Theodore. Tom would like to point out that he is not related to “the” Tom Clancy, although he is proud to be related to another Tom Clancy: his dad, a retired veteran of the FDNY (which is a more important job than “World Famous Author” no matter how you slice it, although the pay isn’t as good, sadly). Douglas Heyman is a longtime Mac user, having cut his teeth on the venerable System 6 on an SE with two 800K floppies and 1MB of memory. Early in his career, he worked as a writer and manag- ing editor of numerous literary projects. Shifting his professional focus to one of his main loves, technology, he spent the next few years as in-house IT staff for a major New York advertising agency. He currently works as a founding partner and vice president of Valiant Technology, a New York-based technology solutions provider. Born and raised in New Jersey, he resides in Hoboken with his loving wife, Suzanne, and his wondrous son, Marcus. Warren Gottlieb is a professional Mac IT consultant who has transformed a deeply rooted passion and hobby into his profession. He has worked with a number of the top Macintosh tech firms in New York City, and currently works with DeepTech, Inc., home to Manhattan’s finest Mac special- ists. Warren is pursuing his studies at the City University of New York’s Hunter College. Despite many solitary Mac-hours, Warren most enjoys interacting with people, and loves to aid in their comfort and enjoyment of technology. Warren resides in Queens, New York, in a home where the ratio of Macs to humans is 3:1, and where AirTunes plays well into the early hours of the morning. Seth B. Zuckerman is founder and president of Expert CC, LLC, a premier full-service Macintosh consulting firm based in sunny Long Beach, NY, servicing the Tri-State area. Expert CC’s focus is the support and service of industries tasked with multimedia and digital arts content creation. Seth is an Apple certified technical coordinator as well as a certified SonicWall security administrator, holding Apple XSAN, Apple Desktop repair, and Apple Portable repair certifications.
  7. For Mom & Dad Sam For Lewis, Vivi, and Java for bringing me to life. Thanks very much! To Jack and Ted Clancy. You are my inspiration. —Tom “Papa” Clancy Jr. Credits Acquisitions Editor Project Coordinator Ryan Spence Erin Smith Project Editor Graphics and Production Specialists Martin V. Minner Stacie Brooks Shawn Frazier Technical Editor Jennifer Mayberry Nick Reilingh Barbara Moore Copy Editor Janet Seib Scott Tullis Erin Zeltner Editorial Manager Quality Control Technician Robyn Siesky John Greenough Business Manager Proofreading Amy Knies Broccoli Information Management Sr. Marketing Manager Indexing Sandy Smith Christine Spina Karpeles Vice President and Executive Group Cover Design Publisher Michael Trent Richard Swadley Cover Illustration Vice President and Executive Publisher Joyce Haughey Bob Ipsen Vice President and Publisher Barry Pruett
  8. Samuel A. Litt: First and foremost, I would like to thank my wife Jodi, and my daughters, Peri and Shana, for their love and devotion. I would like to thank Mom and Dad for their unwavering support. I would also like to thank my colleagues at the City of New York; Paul Cosgrave, Ronald Bergaman, Michael Lebow, Michael Bimonte, Christopher Ianniello, Marcos Merced, Arick Wierson, Jonathon Werbell and Kevin Sheekey as well as countless others for thinking different and providing a fertile and stimulating work environment and enabling me to do the job. I would like to thank Kevin Boland, Tommy Milanak, Gary Slobin, Ken Klein, Matt Rosencrans, and Jon Rubinstein for their friendship! Many, many thanks to my super smart and talented coauthors — Lisa, Warren, Tom, Doug, and Seth — without whose participation this project would be naught. A special thanks to the folks at Wiley; the Super Kim Spilker and the Mighty Marty Minner. Elizabeth Costa-Woods: I’d like to thank my husband, Lewis Woods, for caring for our children while I chased my Mac dreams. It takes a BIG man to do what you’ve done and I will never forget it. I adore you. Vivianne and Tristan Woods, I am so proud to be your mother. The two of you will always be the biggest accomplishment of my life. To my parental units, you’ve taught me perfection and hard work and it’s gotten me farther than I ever dreamed. I love you both very much. To my siblings, nephews, niece and godchildren, thank you for keeping me laughing. I love you all. To my girls, Rosie and Chantel, thank you for keeping it real and having my back. Ed Abrahams, thank you for taking a chance on a girl perched atop a pile of coats; in one way or another, you have been the source of every job that I have ever had. Lauren Goldstein, you are an inspiration. I’ll never forget you. To my sister, my friend, my advocate, Zanetta Addams-Pilgrim, thank you for your contributions to my career and my life. What would I do without you? To the board and staff of the Nathan Cummings Foundation, thank you for giving me the support and resources to discover my inner-tech. To Sam Litt, I’m your biggest fan. You will always be my men- tor and friend. Thomas Clancy, Jr.: I would like to thank my amazing wife Alice for all the support and the regu- lar brownie donations to my writing sessions. I’d also like to thank my sons Jack and Ted for mak- ing my bad days disappear. I’d also like to acknowledge the daily contributions of every one of my team at Valiant: (in order of seniority) Doug Heyman, Gene McMurray, Georg Dauterman, Nick Nightingale, Stephen Zielinski, Andrew Yu, Eric deRuiter, and Andy Rodriguez. You all make going to work every day a joy, and your passion for technology keeps me going! Douglas Heyman: I would like to thank my beautiful wife for putting up with me while I wrote this book, all of my family for being so supportive, the software developers who granted permis- sion to reproduce their works, and the folks at Valiant Technology not directly represented here: vii
  9. Acknowledgments Gene McMurray, Georg Dauterman, Nick Nightingale, Andrew Yu, Nicole Carpino, Stephen Zielinski, and many more I’ve surely forgotten. A special thanks to Sam for continuously getting this book together. Warren Gottlieb: To my twin sister Shari, who has been an unwavering force of support, kind- ness, and patience, as I tread old ground that is at times frustratingly familiar, yet new and differ- ent. From one published author to another, thank you for your immense help! Thank you Mom and Dad, for your unconditional love and attentiveness: Mom, for always making sure that I know, and for your emotional intelligence; Dad, for teaching me the fundamentals that lead to a new world of discovery — “Remember, no matter what happens, you can never break it.” And to all those with whom I have had the pleasure of sharing that mantra. Thank you, also, to my friends — your level of support is both awesome and essential. I so very much appreciate those who in my absence pursue me, which is when I need them the most. Seth B. Zuckerman: I would like to thank Jackie, Manny, Maddy, Maggie, and Minnie for their support throughout the growth of myself and my business. I would like to thank David Salav, Vincent DiSpigno, Ronald Ebner, Scott Schaeffer, Matthew Tannenbaum, and Sam Litt for their technical and industry guidance. I would like to thank Roy Morris for his insistence on my pur- chasing my first Macintosh computer. I would like to thank my friends, Kenneth Gerber, Michael Damelio, Andrew Sitzer, the Burton’s, Anthony Chou, Mindie Schwartz, Sandra Zic, Kim Scharoff, Adam Lilling, Aly Davis, Randy Lerner, The Money Shots, and The Baby Batters. Other random thanks to Nick Manello, Birthright Israel, Irv Gordon, the Bubbamobile, Point Blank, Volvo, and anyone I have forgotten. viii
  10. About the Authors ..........................................................................................................................v Acknowledgments ........................................................................................................................vii Introduction ..............................................................................................................................xxix Part I: Getting to Know Mac OS X . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Chapter 1: Introduction and Installation of Mac OS X ....................................................................3 Chapter 2: Exploring the GUI and Personalizing your Workspace ................................................19 Chapter 3: Searching with Spotlight............................................................................................127 Chapter 4: Transitioning to Intel Architecture and Universal/Binary Apps ..................................157 Chapter 5: Working with Applications and Documents ..............................................................163 Chapter 6: Working with Included Applications ........................................................................193 Chapter 7: Working with QuickTime and Included Media Applications......................................241 Part II: At Work with Mac OS X . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 277 Chapter 8: Getting Help..............................................................................................................279 Chapter 9: Utilizing Services ......................................................................................................289 Chapter 10: Getting on the Internet ............................................................................................303 Chapter 11: Setting Up a Local Network ....................................................................................363 Chapter 12: Sharing Files and Network Services ........................................................................417 Chapter 13: Deploying More Network Services ..........................................................................453 Chapter 14: Harnessing .Mac ......................................................................................................481 Chapter 15: Managing Fonts ......................................................................................................573 Part III: Beyond the Basics of Mac OS X . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 605 Chapter 16: Printing and Faxing ................................................................................................607 Chapter 17: Managing System Preferences ..................................................................................623 Chapter 18: Managing User Accounts and Privileges ..................................................................679 Chapter 19: Integrating in a Windows World..............................................................................715 Part IV: Making the Most of Mac OS X . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 739 Chapter 20: Enhancing with Utilities ..........................................................................................741 Chapter 21: Maintaining Mac OS X ............................................................................................759 Chapter 22: Automating and AppleScript....................................................................................781 Chapter 23: Commanding Unix ..................................................................................................815 Chapter 24: Securing Mac OS X..................................................................................................867 Glossary ......................................................................................................................................889 Index ..........................................................................................................................................911 ix
  11. About the Authors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxix Part I: Getting to Know Mac OS X 1 Chapter 1: Introduction and Installation of Mac OS X . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 What Is Mac OS X? ..............................................................................................................3 Core Technologies of Mac OS X ............................................................................................4 Darwin ........................................................................................................................4 Graphics technologies in Mac OS X ............................................................................5 Mac OS X’s application environments ..........................................................................6 Installation Considerations for Mac OS X ..............................................................................8 Hardware requirements of OS 10.5 ............................................................................8 Preparing for the installation of OS X ..........................................................................9 Volume preparation for OS X ......................................................................................9 Gathering setup information......................................................................................10 Hard drive backup ....................................................................................................10 Preparing the destination volume ..............................................................................10 Running the Mac OS X installer ................................................................................11 Using the Setup Assistant ..........................................................................................14 Running Software Update....................................................................................................16 Summary ............................................................................................................................17 Chapter 2: Exploring the GUI and Personalizing Your Workspace . . . . . . 19 Starting Up and Logging In ................................................................................................20 Starting up your computer ........................................................................................20 Logging in to Mac OS X ............................................................................................20 Meeting Your Environment..................................................................................................23 Investigating menus ..................................................................................................23 Using the menu bar ..................................................................................................23 Understanding standard Mac OS X menus ................................................................25 Using pop-up menus ................................................................................................27 Using contextual menus ............................................................................................27 Menu symbols ..........................................................................................................28 xi
  12. Contents Recognizing the Desktop ....................................................................................................29 Customizing the desktop ..........................................................................................30 Setting the desktop background ................................................................................31 Saving the Screen ................................................................................................................32 Optimizing screen saver settings................................................................................35 Setting screen saver options ......................................................................................36 Peeking into Windows ........................................................................................................38 Recognizing different window types ..........................................................................38 Window controls ......................................................................................................40 Buttons and other controls ........................................................................................42 Working with Windows ......................................................................................................45 New window, please ..................................................................................................45 Active and inactive windows ....................................................................................45 Using the Window menu ..........................................................................................47 Worshipping Icons ..............................................................................................................49 Identifying application icons......................................................................................50 Identifying document icons ......................................................................................50 Identifying folder icons..............................................................................................50 Identifying volume icons ..........................................................................................50 Identifying alias icons ................................................................................................51 Identifying restricted folders ......................................................................................51 Interacting with icons ................................................................................................52 Selecting icons ..........................................................................................................52 Moving icons ............................................................................................................55 Replicating your files ................................................................................................56 Renaming files ..........................................................................................................57 Get Info ....................................................................................................................60 Locking or unlocking an item....................................................................................63 Finding Out About the Finder ............................................................................................63 Finder-specific menus................................................................................................63 Finder windows ........................................................................................................67 Finder window views ................................................................................................71 Setting Finder Preferences ........................................................................................76 Modifying Finder windows........................................................................................78 Customizing the toolbar ............................................................................................79 Additional toolbar buttons ........................................................................................80 Setting View Options ..........................................................................................................81 Setting Icon view options ..........................................................................................82 Setting List view options............................................................................................84 Setting Column view options ....................................................................................85 Setting Cover Flow view options ..............................................................................85 Using Custom Icons ............................................................................................................85 Attaching a custom icon ............................................................................................86 Removing a custom icon............................................................................................87 Working with Labels ..........................................................................................................87 xii
  13. Contents Setting Appearance Preferences ..........................................................................................88 Using the Color Picker ........................................................................................................89 Working with Folders..........................................................................................................91 Creating folders ........................................................................................................91 Opening folders and disks ........................................................................................91 Folder actions............................................................................................................92 Working with Disks and Other Volumes..............................................................................96 Looking at drives, partitions, and volumes ................................................................96 Ejecting disks ............................................................................................................96 Erasing volumes ........................................................................................................97 Burning discs ............................................................................................................97 Discovering Your Inner Hard Drive ..................................................................................100 Living at Home..................................................................................................................101 Working with Aliases ........................................................................................................102 Using aliases ............................................................................................................102 Making an alias........................................................................................................103 Renaming an alias....................................................................................................104 Dragging items to an alias........................................................................................104 Moving, copying, and deleting an alias ....................................................................104 Finding an original item ..........................................................................................104 Fixing broken aliases ..............................................................................................104 Selecting a new original for an alias ........................................................................105 Taking Out the Trash ........................................................................................................105 Moving items to the Trash ......................................................................................106 Viewing and removing Trash contents ....................................................................106 Emptying the Trash ................................................................................................106 Secure Empty Trash ................................................................................................107 Looking At the Dock ........................................................................................................107 Appreciating Dock niceties ......................................................................................108 Identifying Dock icons ............................................................................................109 Customizing the Dock ............................................................................................109 Resizing the Dock....................................................................................................109 Setting the Dock position and hiding ......................................................................110 Setting Dock magnification......................................................................................110 Choosing a visual effect ..........................................................................................111 Adding items to the Dock........................................................................................111 Removing Dock icons..............................................................................................111 Moving icons in the Dock........................................................................................111 Using Dock folder navigation ..................................................................................111 Applications in the Dock ........................................................................................113 Minimizing windows in the Dock............................................................................114 Exposing Exposé ..............................................................................................................114 Show all windows....................................................................................................116 Show active application’s windows ..........................................................................117 Show desktop..........................................................................................................117 xiii
  14. Contents Using Dashboard ..............................................................................................................117 Activating Dashboard ..............................................................................................117 Available widgets ....................................................................................................118 Activating more widgets ..........................................................................................119 Modifying widgets ..................................................................................................120 Spaces ..............................................................................................................................120 Everything in its Space ............................................................................................121 Jumping from Space to Space ..................................................................................121 Sleeping, Shutting Down, Restarting, or Logging Out........................................................123 Making the computer sleep (and wake up) ..............................................................123 Logging out of Mac OS X ........................................................................................124 Restarting the computer ..........................................................................................125 Shutting down the computer ..................................................................................125 Summary ..........................................................................................................................126 Chapter 3: Searching with Spotlight. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127 What Spotlight Can Do for You ........................................................................................127 Behind the Scenes with Spotlight ......................................................................................128 Metadata..................................................................................................................128 The Spotlight Store..................................................................................................130 Supported file types ................................................................................................131 Using Spotlight..................................................................................................................132 The magnifying glass in the menu bar ....................................................................132 Working with your Spotlight results ........................................................................134 Performing more complex searches ........................................................................139 Spotlight volume indexing ......................................................................................149 Spotlight System Preferences ..................................................................................150 System-wide integration ..........................................................................................152 Third-party utilities ................................................................................................154 Summary ..........................................................................................................................155 Chapter 4: Transitioning to Intel Architecture and Universal/Binary Apps. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157 PowerPC versus Intel ........................................................................................................158 Migration Considerations ..................................................................................................159 Rosetta ....................................................................................................................159 Universal applications ............................................................................................160 Classic caveat ..........................................................................................................161 Drive formatting issues ............................................................................................161 Summary ..........................................................................................................................162 Chapter 5: Working with Applications and Documents . . . . . . . . . . . 163 Working with Mac OS X Applications ..............................................................................163 Preinstalled applications ..........................................................................................164 Installing applications..............................................................................................168 Removing applications ............................................................................................170 xiv
  15. Contents Opening Applications and Documents ..............................................................................170 Opening items from the Finder ..............................................................................171 Opening documents with an application ................................................................171 Mac OS X Open dialog box ....................................................................................171 Opening a document with another compatible application......................................173 Setting a new default application ............................................................................174 Opening items in the Dock......................................................................................176 Opening items with the Apple menu ......................................................................176 Viewing items with the Finder ................................................................................177 Managing Multiple Open Applications ..............................................................................178 Switching programs ................................................................................................179 Where’d it go? ........................................................................................................180 Attending to background applications ....................................................................180 Pimping Your Document’s Contents ..................................................................................181 Copy, Cut, and Paste................................................................................................181 Drag-and-drop ........................................................................................................182 Clipping files ..........................................................................................................184 Creating Documents..........................................................................................................184 Creating copies of documents..................................................................................184 Creating documents with stationery pads ................................................................184 Saving Documents ............................................................................................................186 Saving a Stationery Pad ....................................................................................................188 Moving Documents ..........................................................................................................188 Playing Well with Others ..................................................................................................189 Quitting Applications ........................................................................................................189 Using an application’s Quit command ....................................................................189 Quitting with a pop-up Dock menu ........................................................................190 Quitting by logging out, shutting down, or restarting ..............................................190 Forcing an application to quit..................................................................................190 Summary ..........................................................................................................................191 Chapter 6: Working with Included Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193 The Applications Folder ....................................................................................................193 Address Book ..........................................................................................................194 AppleScript folder ..................................................................................................195 Automator ..............................................................................................................196 Calculator................................................................................................................196 Chess ......................................................................................................................197 Dashboard ..............................................................................................................197 Dictionary ..............................................................................................................198 DVD Player..............................................................................................................199 Exposé ....................................................................................................................200 Font Book................................................................................................................200 Front Row ..............................................................................................................200 iCal..........................................................................................................................201 xv
  16. Contents iChat ......................................................................................................................202 Image Capture ........................................................................................................204 iSync ......................................................................................................................205 iTunes......................................................................................................................206 Mail ........................................................................................................................207 Photo Booth ............................................................................................................209 Preview....................................................................................................................210 QuickTime Player....................................................................................................214 Safari ......................................................................................................................214 Spaces ....................................................................................................................215 Stickies ....................................................................................................................216 System Preferences ..................................................................................................216 TextEdit ..................................................................................................................218 Time Machine..........................................................................................................218 A Tour of Mac OS X Utilities ............................................................................................220 Activity Monitor ......................................................................................................220 AirPort Utility..........................................................................................................221 Audio MIDI Setup ..................................................................................................222 Bluetooth file exchange............................................................................................223 Boot Camp Assistant................................................................................................224 ColorSync Utility ....................................................................................................224 Console ..................................................................................................................225 DigitalColor Meter ..................................................................................................225 Directory ................................................................................................................225 Directory Utility ......................................................................................................225 Disk Utility ..............................................................................................................227 Grab ........................................................................................................................230 Grapher ..................................................................................................................230 The Java folder ........................................................................................................231 Keychain Access ......................................................................................................232 Migration Assistant ..................................................................................................232 Network Utility ......................................................................................................233 ODBC Administrator ..............................................................................................235 Podcast Capture ......................................................................................................235 RAID Utility ............................................................................................................236 System Profiler ........................................................................................................236 Terminal ..................................................................................................................237 VoiceOver Utility ....................................................................................................238 X11 ........................................................................................................................239 Summary ..........................................................................................................................239 Chapter 7: Working with QuickTime and Included Media Applications . . . 241 About QuickTime..............................................................................................................242 What’s in a movie ....................................................................................................243 Getting QuickTime software ....................................................................................244 xvi
  17. Contents Playing QuickTime Movies................................................................................................244 Using the QuickTime movie controller ....................................................................244 Playing movies without controllers ..........................................................................246 Viewing with QuickTime Player ..............................................................................247 Saving QuickTime Movies from a Web Browser ................................................................251 Configuring and Updating QuickTime ..............................................................................251 QuickTime System Preferences ................................................................................251 QuickTime Player Preferences ................................................................................254 Watching Streaming QuickTime Media ............................................................................256 Interacting with QuickTime VR Images ............................................................................256 Exploring VR panoramas ........................................................................................257 Investigating VR objects ..........................................................................................257 Revealing the VR controller ....................................................................................258 Zooming in and out ................................................................................................258 Interacting with hot spots........................................................................................259 Making a QuickTime Slide Show ......................................................................................260 Basic QuickTime Movie Editing ........................................................................................260 Fine-tuning a selection ............................................................................................261 Working with selections ..........................................................................................261 Adding a Sound Track to Your Movie ................................................................................262 Adding QuickTime Text Tracks ........................................................................................262 Applying QuickTime Effects..............................................................................................262 Using iTunes......................................................................................................................263 Playing MP3 and CD audio with iTunes ..................................................................263 Working with iTunes song and album information ..................................................269 Watching iTunes visual effects..................................................................................270 Using Shared Music Libraries ............................................................................................272 The iTunes Store................................................................................................................273 Album Covers and iTunes Views ......................................................................................274 iTunes Views............................................................................................................274 Front Row ........................................................................................................................275 Summary ..........................................................................................................................276 Part II: At Work with Mac OS X 277 Chapter 8: Getting Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 279 Using the Help Viewer Application....................................................................................279 Getting help within Mac OS X ................................................................................280 Browsing Mac OS Help............................................................................................280 Getting help for the active application ....................................................................281 Browsing Help Viewer links ....................................................................................282 Using Help Viewer Quick Clicks ............................................................................284 Navigating using the Help Viewer buttons ..............................................................285 Searching within the Help Viewer............................................................................285 xvii
  18. Contents Displaying Help Tags ........................................................................................................286 Getting Command-Line Help ............................................................................................286 Exploring Other Avenues of Help ......................................................................................287 Summary ..........................................................................................................................287 Chapter 9: Utilizing Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 289 About Services ..................................................................................................................289 The Finder ........................................................................................................................291 Grab..................................................................................................................................292 Mail ..................................................................................................................................293 Using Stickies....................................................................................................................295 Speech ..............................................................................................................................296 Summarize ........................................................................................................................297 TextEdit ............................................................................................................................299 Other Services ..................................................................................................................300 Summary ..........................................................................................................................301 Chapter 10: Getting on the Internet. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 303 Why You Need the Internet ..............................................................................................303 Connecting to the Internet ................................................................................................304 Making the connection ............................................................................................307 Internet configuration via the Network Setup Assistant ..........................................309 Making and breaking the connection ......................................................................316 Browsing the World Wide Web ........................................................................................319 Safari in the Web jungle ..........................................................................................319 Other browsers for your toolkit ..............................................................................319 Taking a Safari Through the Wild Web ..............................................................................320 Navigation basics ....................................................................................................320 More features, and customization ............................................................................323 Advanced navigation ..............................................................................................328 Further Safari enhancements ..................................................................................337 Searching the Internet ......................................................................................................341 Sending and Receiving E-mail ..........................................................................................343 Setting up e-mail information and preferences ........................................................343 Using Mail’s viewer window ....................................................................................346 Receiving e-mail ......................................................................................................350 Composing messages ..............................................................................................350 Using the Address Book ..........................................................................................354 Sending e-mail attachments ....................................................................................357 Receiving attachments ............................................................................................357 Junk mail ................................................................................................................358 Threading................................................................................................................360 Smart Mailboxes ......................................................................................................360 Summary ..........................................................................................................................362 xviii
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