Menu hướng dẫn và Phong cách Nếu bạn nhìn vào hầu hết các ứng dụng Windows, bạn sẽ nhận thấy rằng một số mục trên dải menu có xu hướng xuất hiện nhiều lần trong cùng một vị trí, và các nội dung của các mặt hàng này thường được dự đoán được.
Menu Guidelines and Style
If you look at most Windows applications, you'll notice that some items on the menu strip
tend to appear repeatedly in the same place, and the contents of these items are often
predictable. For example, the File menu is typically the first item on the menu strip, and
on this menu, you typically find commands for creating a new document, opening an
existing document, saving the document, printing the document, and exiting the
application. The term document means the data that the application manipulates. In
Microsoft Excel, it would be a spreadsheet; in the Bell Ringers application that you
created in Chapter 20, it could be a new member.
The order in which these commands appear tends to be the same across applications; for
example, the Exit command is invariably the last command on the File menu. There
might be other application-specific commands on the File menu as well.
An application often has an Edit menu containing commands such as Cut, Paste, Clear,
and Find. There are usually some additional application-specific menus on the menu
strip, but again, convention dictates that the final menu is the Help menu, which contains
access to help as well as “about” information, which contains copyright and licensing
details for the application. In a well-designed application, most menus are predictable and
help ensure the application becomes easy to learn and use.
Microsoft publishes a full set of guidelines for user interfaces, including menu design, on
the Microsoft Web site at http://msdn.microsoft.com/ui.