Photoshop CS2 All-in-One Desk Reference For Dummies- P24

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Photoshop CS2 All-in-One Desk Reference For Dummies- P24

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Photoshop CS2 All-in-One Desk Reference For Dummies- P24:Barbara Obermeier is principal of Obermeier Design, a graphic design studio in Ventura, California. She’s the author of Photoshop Album For Dummies, coauthor of Adobe Master Class: Illustrator Illuminated, Photoshop 7 For Dummies, and Illustrator 10 For Dummies. She has contributed as coauthor, technical editor, or layout designer for numerous books. Barb also teaches computer graphics at Brooks Institute; the University of California, Santa Barbara; and Ventura College....

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  1. 668 Photoshop CS2 All-In-One Desk Reference For Dummies dodging images embossing, 407, 413–414 blend modes, 395–397 Encapsulated PostScript (EPS) file format, Dodge tool, 593–596 143–145 focus tools, 33 EPS (Encapsulated PostScript) file format, toning tools, 33 143–145 dots per inch (dpi), 113 Equalize command, 588–589 downsampling, 115 Erase to History option, 187 dpi (dots per inch), 113 Eraser tool, 31–32, 187, 465–466 drawing. See also paths; Pencil tool erasing curves, 224, 228, 230 to background color, 31, 465–466 custom shapes, 289–290 backgrounds, 467–468 elliptical shapes, 288 pixels, painting tools, 31–32 geometry options, 287–289 similarly colored pixels, 466–467 lines, 288 to transparency, 465–466 manipulating shapes, 290–291 exotic edges, 516–518 multiple shapes on a layer, 282–287 Expand command, 254–255 polygon shapes, 288 expanding selections, 254, 255–256 preset shapes, 283–286 Exposure control, 564–566 rectangular shapes, 287 exposure correction, 564–566, 602–603 vector masks, 290 extending distortions, 545–548 vector shapes, 282–283 Extract command, 468–472 drop shadows, 410–411 extracting images. See cropping droplets, 202–203. See also actions Extras, 73 duotone color mode, 132–133 Eyedropper tool, 34, 159–160 duplicating. See cloning; copying Dust & Scratches filter, 522 •F• •E• Facet filter, 504 fade effects, 329–330 Edit menu, 19–20, 79–80 faded photographs, 566–569 editing fading, filters, 507–508 actions, 197–199 feathering, 212, 252–254 adjustment layers, 350–351 File Browser. See Adobe Bridge channels, 447–449 file formats contours, 418 BMP, 151–152 gradients, 300–303 Camera Raw, 148–151 images, setting the mode, 29 EPS (Encapsulated PostScript), 143–145 layer styles, 409–413 GIF, 143 paths, 242–244 JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group), on perspective planes, 620–625 142 Smart Objects, 434–436 JPEG 2000, 142–143 text, 326–327 PDF (Portable Document Format), effects. See blend modes; filters; 145–148 layer styles Photoshop, 148 Elliptical Marquee tool, 30, 209–210 Photoshop Raw, 148–149 elliptical selections, 30, 209–210 PICT, 151 elliptical shapes, 288 printing, 631, 634
  2. Index 669 PSB (Large Document), 152 canvas effect, 532–534 TIFF (Tagged Image File Format), 139–142 choking, 534 Web optimization, BC-4–13 chrome, 530 file handling, customizing, 95–97 clouds, 524, 525 File menu, 18–19, 78–79 color halftone effect, 523–524 files. See also documents corrective, 496 backup copies, 50 destructive, 496 browsing for, 39–40, 74–75 dialog box-based, 23 closing, 50 distortions, 518–521 creating new images, 46–48 exotic edges, 516–518 navigating, 39–40 fading, 507–508 opening “fools the eye” illusion, 530 basic steps, 40–43 fragmenting images, 523–524 File menu, 18–19 lens flare, 526 image files, 43–44 lighting effects, 526 Photo CD images, 44–45 mini-application, 497 special files, 43–44 noise, 521–523 placing on layers, 45–46 organic feel, 529–530 printing, 18–19 paint effects, 514–515 quitting, 50 photocopy effect, 530 saving, 18–19, 48–50 pincushion distortion, 519 size, adjusting, 375–376 pixelating images, 523–524 size, displaying, 13 plaster effect, 530 fill layers, 345, 351–353 Pointillism effect, 523–524 Fill Path command, 235 posterizing images, 504–505, 514–515 filling rain effect, 526–528, 530–532 opacity, 400 rendering, 524–526 options for, 294–295 reticulation, 530 with Paint Bucket tool, 296 rubber stamp effect, 530 paths, 235 sandstone effect, 532–534 selections, 293–294, 296 sharpening images, 497–501 tips, 294–295 single-step, 23, 496 Filter Gallery, 512–514 sketching images, 529–530 Filter menu, 22–23 snow effect, 526–528 filters. See also blend modes; layer styles; stamp effect, 530 specific filters stroking images, 515–516 3D effect, 525 television effect, 534 accessing, 512–514 textile effect, 525 applying, 22–23 texture effect, 532–534 applying last used, 507 texture fill, 526 applying selectively, 508 third party, 23 artistic effects, 514–515 torn edges, 530 barrel distortion, 519 trompe l’oeil illusion, 530 basics, 496–497 unsharp masking, 500–501 black/white areas, choking, 534 video effects, 534 blurring images, 501–503 water droplets, 530–532 brick effect, 532–534 water paper, 530 brush strokes, 514–515 wet effects, 526–528, 530–532 burlap effect, 532–534 wrinkled emulsion effect, 530
  3. 670 Photoshop CS2 All-In-One Desk Reference For Dummies fixing image flaws. See retouching presets, 299–300 flattening layers, 380–383 saving, 305–306 flipping. See transforming transparency, 303–305 flyout menus, 28 uses for, 298–299 focus, 33 graphics. See images focusing images, 600–602. See also grayscale sharpening images converting to, 136–138 fonts. See also text; type description, 131–132 families, 318 fading from color, 479–482 size, 319 working spaces, 170–171 styles, 318 grids and guides. See also Extras “fools the eye” illusion, 530 creating guides, 67–68 foreground color customizing, 101–102 color swatches, 29 displaying, 26 default, 154 showing/hiding, 73 managing, 153–154 Smart Guides, 26 as replacement color, 31–32 using grids, 69 formatting characters, 319–323, 334–335 grouping layers, 378–380 Forward Wrap tool, 536–537 Grow command, 255–256 four-color separations, 638–642 guides. See grids and guides fragmenting images, 523–524 framing a photo, 472–474 Free Transform command, 361–366 Freeform Pen tool, 237–239 •H• Freeze Mask tool, 538 hair, 486–492 freezing images, 543–544 Hand tool, 62–63, 538 frequency, paths, 239 hard light, 396 fur, 486–492 hard mix, 397 fuzz, 486–492 hard-copy. See printing HDR (High Dynamic Range), 15, 657–659 headlines, 311–312, 314–315 •G• healing, 32, 609–611 Healing Brush tool, 609–611 gamut, customizing, 98–99 hexadecimal colors, BC-13–14 ghost effect, 331–332 High Dynamic Range (32-bit HDR) GIF file format, 143 images, 15, 657–659 GIF files, Web optimization, BC-5–6, High Pass filter, 534 BC-24–27 Histogram palette, 551–555 Glass filter, 521 History Brush tool, 32, 188–189 glows, 407, 412–413, 506–507 History Options dialog box, 184 gradient maps, 586 History palette, 180–182 Gradient tool, 31–32, 476–478 Horizontal Type Mask tool, 313, 333 gradients Horizontal Type Path tool, 32–33 applying to selections, 299–300 Horizontal Type tool, 313 customizing, 300–303 HSL color model, 398–399 editing, 300–303 hue, 576–578 layers, 351–353 Hue/Saturation dialog box, 576–578 managing, 305–306 hyphenating words, 323, 325 overlays, 415
  4. Index 671 file size, displaying, 13 •I• focus, 33 focusing, 600–602 icons, arranging, 12 fragmenting, 523–524 image document window freezing, 543–544 Extras, 73 hard-copy. See printing See also annotations HDR (High Dynamic Range), 657–659 See also grids and guides healing, 32 See also layer edges hiding, 13 See also selection edges, showing/hiding on layers, 357–361 See also slices lightening. See dodging images See also target paths, showing/hiding managing. See Adobe Bridge illustration, 11 moiré effect, 509–510 scrolling, 62–63 moving in a window, 34 uses for, 10 multiple views of, 12 using, 58–59 navigating, 25–26, 34 zooming, 60–62, 63, 64 opening, 18–19, 40–45 image files, opening, 43–44 optimizing for the Web, BC-17–22 Image menu, 19–20 painting, 31–32 Image Size command, 113–115 paths, creating and modifying, 30–31 ImageReady, launching, 29 pixelating, 523–524 images posterizing, 504–505, 514–515 32-bit HDR (High Dynamic Range), 15 precise layout, 66–69. See also grids and aging, 578–580 guides anchor points, 110 preparing Web images, 35 angles, measuring, 34 printing, 52–53 annotations, 34 raster, 111–113 blurring, 33 reconstructing, 544–545 browsing for. See Adobe Bridge rendering, 524–526 burning, 33, 393–397, 593–596 resizing cataloging, 647–654 adding pixels, 118–119 cloning, 32, 606–614 changing canvas size, 121–122 color, 20–21 changing dimensions, 113–115 colorizing, 616–618 cropping, 122–127 combining into panoramas, 654–656 do’s and don’ts, 115–117 contrast, 20–21 downsampling, 115 converting to black and white, 589–590 interpolation, 115–117 creating, 46–48 removing pixels, 119–120 darkening. See burning images resampling, 115–120 desaturating color, 33 Resize Image Wizard/Assistant, 120 distance, measuring, 34 upsampling, 115 distorting, 518–521, 597–599 resolution, 113–115 dodging, 33, 395–397, 593–596 retouching, 32 editing. See editing reverting to previous versions, 32 enhancing. See adjustments; retouching sampling, 34 erasing, 31 saturating color, 33 faded, restoring, 566–569
  5. 672 Photoshop CS2 All-In-One Desk Reference For Dummies images (continued) segments, 110 •K• selecting. See selections kerning, 321 selecting objects, 30 key type, adjusting, 552–555 shapes, creating, 33–34 keyboard shortcuts, customizing, 87–89 sharpening, 33 knockout, 400 size, 20–21 sketching, 529–530 smoothing, 597–599 smudging, 33 •L• softening, 599–600 status, displaying, 13–14 lab color mode, 133–134 stroking, 515–516 Label menu, Adobe Bridge, 81 tagging with keywords, 76, 82–83 labels, text, 311–312, 314–315 as text, 32–33 Large Document (PSB) file format, 152 thawing, 543–544 laser separations, 638–642 tint, correcting, 566–569 Lasso tool, 214–215 toning, 33 Layer Comps palette, 385–388 transforming, 541–543 layer edges, 26 type from, 333 layer masks, 348, 475–482. See also channel typographic effects, 32–33 masks; masking undoing mistakes, 32 layer modes. See blend modes vector, 110–111 Layer Style dialog box, 408–409, 413 vector-based elements, 33–34 layer styles. See also blend modes; filters viewing, 25–26, 34 applying, 408–409, 419–422 warping, 597–599 bevels, 407, 413–414 zooming, 34 clearing, 421 indentation, paragraphs, 325 contours, 416–418 indexed color mode, 133 deleting, 420 Info palette, 72–73. See also tool tips drop shadows, 410–411 inner shadows, 410–411 editing, 409–413 interior effects as groups, 400 embossing, 407, 413–414 interpolation, 115–117 glows, 407, 412–413 Invert command, 588–589 inner shadows, 410–411 inverters, 397–398 managing, 409–413 inverting colors, 588–589 modifying, 419–422 italic text, 322 overlays, 407, 415 presets, 419–422 renaming, 420 satin effects, 414 •J• saving, 420, 421 shadows, 406 Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG) stroke effects, 416 file format, 142 Layer via Copy command, 357 JPEG 2000, 142–143, BC-8–11 Layer via Cut command, 357 JPEG compression, 141 layers. See also collage project JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group) adjustment, 345, 349–351 file format, 142 aligning, 373–374 JPEG files, BC-6–8, BC-22–24 bypassing the clipboard, 358 justification, paragraphs, 324
  6. Index 673 clipping masks, 422–424 Layers palette, 343–346 color coding, 378 leading, 320 color correction, 349–351 Lens Blur filter, 503 color interaction, 346 lens flare effect, 526 compositing, 357–361 Lens Flare filter, 526 compression, 142 letters. See text; type converting backgrounds to, 346–347 Levels command, 570–572 converting from/to Smart Objects, 433 lifting color. See color, defining copying, 345, 357 lightening images. See dodging images creating, 21–22, 345, 355–357 lighting, correcting, 562–564 cutting, 357 lighting effects, 395–397, 526 deselecting, 345 Lighting Effects filter, 526 distributing, 373–374 lightness, 576–578, 589 dragging and dropping, 358–359 line art scan, touching up, 590–591 duplicating, 345, 357 linear light, 397 edges, showing/hiding, 26, 73 Liquify window, 536–548 fill, 345, 351–353 location matching, 12 finding elements on, 345–346 locking layers, 376–377 flattening, 380–383 Loose mode, 545 gradients, 351–353 LZW compression, 140 grouping, 378–380 hiding/showing, 367–368 images, 357–361 linking, 375 •M• locking, 376–377 macros. See actions; droplets merging, 380–383 Magic Eraser tool, 466–467 moving elements, 369–373 Magic Wand tool, 30, 219–222 multiple versions, 385–388 magnetic fit, 239 opacity, 328–329, 389–392 Magnetic Lasso tool, 217–219 patterns, 351–353 magnification. See zooming placing files on, 45–46 Marquee tool, 30, 124–125 printing, and visibility, 368 masking rearranging, 368–369 channel masks, 484–486 regular, 348 clipping masks, 422–424 renaming, 345 color range, 462–464 selecting, 345 erasing selectively, 464–468 shapes, 353–354 extracting images, 468–472 solid color, 351–353 framing a photo, 472–474 special effects. See blend modes; Freeze Mask tool, 538 layer styles Horizontal Type Mask, 313, 333 stacking order, 368–369 layer masks, 348, 475–482 stamping, 382 Quick Masks, 460–462, 472–474 thumbnail size, 346 Thaw Mask tool, 538 transforming, 361–366 type, 32–33, 313, 333, 337–339 transparency, 346 unsharp masking, 500–501 type, 354–355 vector masks, 482–484 types of, 348–355 Vertical Type Mask tool, 313, 333 vector masks, 482–484
  7. 674 Photoshop CS2 All-In-One Desk Reference For Dummies masks hide effects, 402 Match Color command, 581–583 •O• Maximum filter, 534 objects, measuring, 70 Measure tool, 70–71 opacity, layers. See also transparency measurements, customizing, adjusting, 389–392 100–101 fills, 391–392 measuring type, 328–329 angles, 34, 71 Options bar, 24–25, 244, 318–319 color, 160–161 organic feel, 529–530 distances, 34, 70–71 out of gamut, 136 objects, 70 outlining. See masking on-screen, 70–71 overlays, 396, 407, 415 Median filter, 504–505, 522 memory. See RAM menus, customizing, 89–90 Merge to HDR command, 657–659 •P• merging channels, 446–447 merging layers, 380–383 packages of pictures, 651–654 mini-application filters, 497 Paint Bucket tool, 296 Minimum filter, 534 paint effects, 514–515 Mirror tool, 537 painting mixing channels, 452–453 channels, 447–449 mixing color. See color, defining modes. See blend modes modes, printing, 629–630 tools. See also Brush tool moiré effect, 509–510 Art History Brush, 31–32, 189–190 monitors. See also displays Color Replacement, 31–32, 616–618 calibrating, 164–166 Custom Shape, 31–32 multiple, 59 Gradient, 31–32, 476–478 resolution, 113 Liquify window, 536–538 monotone color mode, 132–133 Palette Well, 25 Move tool, 30, 256–258 palettes. See also desktop; specific palettes multichannel color mode, 135 illustration, 11 MyPublisher printing service, 51 options, displaying, 24–25 tips and tricks, 17–18 using, 16–18 Paragraph palette, 323–325 •N• See also Character palette See also fonts navigating See also text files and folders, 39–40 See also type images, 25–26, 34 paragraph type, 312, 315–316 Navigator palette, 63–64 paragraphs. See also fonts; text; type “No” symbol, undoing, 188 alignment, 324 notes. See annotations definition, 312 Notes tool, 34 entering, 315–316 NTSC Colors filter, 534 indentation, 325
  8. Index 675 justification, 324 PDF (Portable Document Format) file spacing between, 325 format, 145–148 Paste Into command, 358–361 PDF Presentation command, 660–662 Patch tool, 611–614 PDF presentations, 660–662 Patchwork filter, 532–534 pen pressure, 239 Path Selection tool, 31 Pen tool, 225–227 paths Pencil tool, 269–272 Bézier, 224 perspective, adjusting. See transforming closing, 232 perspective planes, 620–625 contrast, 239 Photo CD images, opening, 44–45 converting type to, 334–335 Photo Filter command, 587–588 creating photo gallery, Web-based, BC-46–52 clipping paths, 237 Photo Merge command, 654–656 curve segments with cusp points, 230 photocopy effect, 530 curves, 228 Photocopy filter, 530 curves with straight segments, 230 photographs. See images with Freeform Pen tool, 237–239 Photoshop. See also desktop and modifying, 30–31 file format, 148 with the Paths palette, 233 launching, 10 with the Pen tool, 225–227 Raw file format, 148–149 without the pen, 239–241 PICT file format, 151 from selections, 237 picture packages, 651–654 subpaths, 232 pictures. See images curve fit, 238–239 pin light, 397 deleting, 234 Pinch filter, 537 duplicating, 234 pincushion distortion, 519 editing, 242–244 pixel fonts, 312–313 filling, 235 pixel order, 141 frequency, 239 Pixelate filters, 523–524 introduction, 223–225 pixelating images, 523–524 loading as selections, 236 pixels magnetic fit, 239 adding, 118–119 Options bar, 244 definition, 111 pen pressure, 239 removing, 119–120 renaming, 234 selecting, by row or column, 210–211 saving, 234 transforming, 258–261, 262 stroking, 234–235 pixels per inch (ppi), 113 text on, 317–318 plaster effect, 530 transforming, 262–263 Plaster filter, 530 width, 239 plug-ins, customizing with, 103 Paths palette, 233–235 PNG files, Web optimization, BC-11–13, Pattern Maker filter, 307–310 BC-27–29 patterns point type, 311, 314–315 creating, 307–310 Pointillism effect, 523–524 layers, 351–353 policies, color, 173–176 overlays, 415 polygon shapes, 288 presets, 306–307 Polygonal Lasso tool, 215–217 uses for, 306
  9. 676 Photoshop CS2 All-In-One Desk Reference For Dummies Portable Document Format (PDF) file format, 145–148 •Q• posterizing images, 504–505, 514–515 quadtone color mode, 132–133 ppi (pixels per inch), 113 Quick Masks, 460–462, 472–474 preferences. See customizing, quitting, 50 preferences prepress checklist, 632–634 Preset Manager, 106 presets. See also customizing •R• actions, 193–195 brush tips, 277–279 rain effect, 526–528, 530–532 gradients, 299–300 RAM layer styles, 419–422 customizing, 104 patterns, 306–307 managing, 104–105 shapes, 283–286 percentage in use, 15 tools, 35–38 scratch sizes, 15 workspace, 85–87 raster images, 111–113 printers, types of, 51–52 rasterized type, 312, 334 printing rearranging, channels, 444 alpha channels, 644 Reconstruct modes, 545–547 color management options, 635–638 Reconstruct tool, 538 file formats, 631, 634 reconstructing images, 544–545 files, 18–19 recording steps. See actions; droplets four-color separations, 638–642 Rectangular Marquee tool, 208–209 images, 52–53 rectangular selections, 208–209 invisible layers, 368 rectangular shapes, 287 laser separations, 638–642 Red Eye tool, 32, 618–620 modes, 53–56, 629–630 red-eye reduction, 618–620 MyPublisher service, 51 Redo command, 179–180 options, setting, 53–56 redoing. See undoing page setup, 52–53 Reduce Noise filter, 522–523 prepress checklist, 632–634 Reflect tool, 537 resolution, 629–630 Region of Interest (ROI), 142–143 screen frequencies, 630 renaming through service bureaus, 631–634 channels, 444 services, 51 layer styles, 420 Shutterfly service, 51 layers, 345 spot channels, 642–646 paths, 234 spot color separations, 642–646 rendering images, 524–526 vector data in a raster file, 634–635 repairing images. See retouching projects. See documents; files Replace Color command, 584–585 proofing, final output color, 178 resampling, 115–120 PSB (Large Document) file format, 152 Reselect command, 251 Pucker tool, 537 Resize Image Wizard/Assistant, 120 Push Left tool, 537 resizing images. See images, resizing
  10. Index 677 resolution scratches (blemishes), removing. images, 113–115 See retouching monitor, 113 screen frequencies, 630 printer, 113 screen mode, setting, 29 printing, 629–630 screens. See displays Web optimization, BC-2–3 segments, 110 restoring images. See undoing Select menu, 19, 250–256 reticulation effect, 530 selecting Reticulation filter, 530 alternate versions, 15–16 retouching. See also adjustments color. See color, defining channels, 447–449 layers, 345 colorizing, 616–618 objects, 30 healing, 32 tools, 27–30 larger imperfections, 609–614 selection edges, showing/hiding, 73 moiré effect, 509–510 selection marquees, transforming, 261 red-eye reduction, 618–620 selections scanned halftones, 509–510 adding to, 246–247 small imperfections, 614–616 adjusting, 255–256 tools for, 32 all or nothing, 249–250 reverting to saved images. See undoing anti-aliasing, 212–213 RGB color mode applying gradients, 299–300 converting to CMYK, 136, 174 borders, 254 description, 130–131 circular, 209–210, 249 working spaces, 169–170 clicking an image, 219–222 Rigid mode, 545 cloning, 256–258 ROI (Region of Interest), 142–143 contracting, 255 romantic glow, 506–507 creating paths from, 237 rotating. See transforming defining, 207 rubber stamp effect, 530 deleting, 251 drawing from the center out, 249–250 edges, displaying, 26 •S• elliptical, 209–210 expanding, 254, 255–256 samples per inch (spi), 113 feathering, 212, 252–254 sampling color. See color, defining filling, 293–294, 296 sampling images, 34 freeform shapes, 214–215 sandstone effect, 532–534 intersecting, 248 satin effects, 414 moving, 256–258 saturating color, 33 outlining. See stroking images; stroking saturation, 576–578 paths Save for Web feature, BC-17–29 pixels, by row or column, 210–211 save image pyramid, 141 rectangular, 208–209 save transparency, 141 removing an object, 263–266 scaling. See transforming reselecting, 251 scratch (virtual memory) disks, 15, 104 smoothing edges, 254 snapping to edges, 217–219
  11. 678 Photoshop CS2 All-In-One Desk Reference For Dummies selections (continued) shortcuts keys. See keyboard shortcuts, square, 208–209, 249 customizing straight edges, 215–217 Shutterfly printing service, 51 stroking, 296–297 Similar command, 255–256 style, 213 Single Column Marquee tool, 210–211 subtracting from, 247–250 Single Row Marquee tool, 210–211 swapping, 251–252 single-step filters, 23, 496 tools for Sketch filters, 529–530 Elliptical Marquee, 209–210 sketching images, 529–530 Lasso, 214–215 skewing. See transforming Magic Wand, 219–222 Slice Select tool, 35 Magnetic Lasso, 217–219 Slice tool, 35 Polygonal Lasso, 215–217 slices Rectangular Marquee, 208–209 customizing, 101–102 Single Column Marquee, 210–211 definition, 35 Single Row Marquee, 210–211 showing/hiding, 73 width and height, 213–214 splash page project, BC-41–46 Selective Color command, 585–586 viewing results, 26 service bureaus, 631–634 Web images, BC-31–40 Shading panel, 413 small caps, 322 Shadow/Highlight control, 562–564 Smart Guides, 26 shadows, 406, 410–411, 453–457 smart guides, 73, 101–102 shape layers, 353–354 Smart Objects shapes advantages of, 429–430 aligning, 291 creating, 430–434 circular, 288 definition, 429 cloning, 291 editing, 434–436 converting type to, 334–335 exporting contents, 436 creating, 33–34 replacing contents, 435–436 custom shapes, 289–290 Smart Sharpen filter, 498–500 distributing, 291 Smooth command, 254 elliptical, 288 Smooth mode, 545 manipulating, 290–291 smoothing, 254, 597–599 moving, 291 Smudge tool, 597–599 multiple on a layer, 282–287 smudging, 33, 597–599 polygons, 288 snapping, selections to edges, 217–219 preset, 283–286 snapshots rectangular, 287 creating, 185–186 transforming, 291 definition, 181 vector, 282–283 deleting, 186 Sharpen Edges filter, 498 reverting to, 187–188 Sharpen filter, 498 snow effect, 526–528 Sharpen More filter, 498 soft light, 396 Sharpen tool, 600–602 soft proofing, 178 sharpening images, 33, 497–501. softening, images, 599–600 See also focusing images special effects. See blend modes; filters; Shift Pixels tool, 537 layer styles
  12. Index 679 spell check, 327 character set, selecting, 322 spi (samples per inch), 113 color, 319 splash page project, BC-41–46 default handling, 323 splitting, channels, 445 editing, 326–327 Sponge tool, 596–597 find and replace, 326–327 spot channels, 642–646 formatting characters, 319–323, 334–335 spot color separations, 642–646 fractional character spacing, 323 Spot Healing Brush tool, 32 headlines, 311–312, 314–315 spot working spaces, 171 height:width ratio, 321 square selections, 208–209, 249 horizontal orientation, 313, 323 stacking order, 368–369 horizontal scale, 321 stamp effect, 530 hyphenating words, 323, 325 Stamp filter, 530 images as text, 32–33 stamping layers, 382 italic, 322 states, 181–183, 187–189 kerning, 321 status bar, 11, 13–16 labels, 311–312, 314–315 Stiff mode, 545 leading, 320 stock photos, Adobe Bridge, 75 letter spacing, 320–321 straight edged selections, 215–217 line spacing, 320 strikethrough, 322 orientation, 318, 323 stroke effects, 416 paragraphs Stroke Path command, 234–235 alignment, 324 stroking, selections, 296–297 definition, 312 stroking images, 515–516 entering, 315–316 stroking paths, 234–235 indentation, 325 Structure panel, 413 justification, 324 subpaths, 232 spacing between, 325 subscript, 322 on a path, 317–318 superscript, 322 small caps, 322 swapping selections, 251–252 special effects, 32–33 swatches, background/foreground color, 29 spell check, 327 Swatches palette, 158–159 strikethrough, 322 styles, 323 subscript, 322 •T• superscript, 322 tracking, 320–321 Tagged Image File Format (TIFF) file underline, 322 format, 139–142 uses for, 319–320 target paths, showing/hiding, 26, 73 vertical orientation, 313, 323 television effect, 534 vertical scale, 321 text. See also fonts; type warping, 319, 336–337 alignment, 319 word break, 323, 325 all caps, 322 textile effect, 525 attributes, 322–323 texture effect, 532–534 baseline shift, 322–323 texture fill, 526 bold, 322 Texture Fill filter, 526 captions, 312, 315–316 Texture panel, 413
  13. 680 Photoshop CS2 All-In-One Desk Reference For Dummies Texturizer filter, 532–534 selecting objects, 30 Thaw Mask tool, 538 shapes, creating, 33–34 thawing images, 543–544 sharpening, 33 32-bit HDR (High Dynamic Range) smudging, 33 images, 15 toning, 33 3D effects, 525 typographic effects, 32–33 3D Transform filter, 525 undoing mistakes, 32 Threshold command, 589–590 viewing images, 34 thumbnail size, 346 zooming on images, 34 TIFF (Tagged Image File Format) file using, 27 format, 139–142 torn edges effect, 530 timing of operations, 15 Torn Edges filter, 530 tonal range, adjusting, 552–555 touching up. See retouching tonal values, 570–572 tracking, 320–321 toning, 33 Transform command, 361–366 tool tips, 29. See also Info palette Transform menu, 258–263 Tools menu, Adobe Bridge, 80–81 transforming Tools palette images, 541–543 accessing, 27 layers, 361–366, 370–373 flyout menus, 28 paths, 262–263 illustration, 28 pixels, 258–261, 262 sections, 29 selection marquees, 261 tips and tricks, 27 shapes, 291 tools text, 319, 336–337 descriptions, 27–35 transparency. See also opacity saving and reusing. See presets blend modes, 400 uses for customizing, 98–99 angles, measuring, 34 erasing to, 465–466 annotations, 34 gradients, 303–305 blurring, 33 layers, 346 cloning, 32 tritone color mode, 132–133 darkening, 33 trompe l’oeil illusion, 530 desaturating color, 33 Turbulence tool, 538 distance, measuring, 34 Twist Clockwise tool, 537 erasing, 31 type. See also fonts; text focus, 33 anti-aliasing, 319 healing, 32 bounding boxes, 315 lightening, 33 converting to shape or path, 334–335, moving images in a window, 34 337–339 navigating images, 34 fade effects, 329–330 painting, 31–32 fonts, 318–319 paths, creating and modifying, 30–31 ghost effect, 331–332 preparing Web images, 35 from images, 333 retouching, 32 kinds of, 311–313 reverting to previous versions, 32 layer opacity, 328–329 sampling images, 34 masking, 32–33, 313, 333, 337–339 saturating color, 33 optimizing for the Web, BC-15–17
  14. Index 681 outlining, 333 Redo command, 179–180 paragraph, 312, 315–316 Undo command, 179–180 pixel fonts, 312–313 Unsharp Mask filter, 500–501 point, 311, 314–315 unsharp masking, 500–501 rasterized, 312, 334 upsampling, 115 vector, 312, 334–335 type layers, 354–355 type modes, 311–312 type tools •V• Horizontal Type, 313 Vanishing Point tool, 620–625 Horizontal Type Mask, 313, 333 Variations feature, 566 Options bar, 318–319 VDTs. See displays Vertical Type, 313 vector data, printing in a raster file, Vertical Type Mask, 313, 333 634–635 typographic effects, 32–33 vector images, 110–111 vector masks, 482–484. See also masking vector shapes, 282–283 •U• vector type, 312, 334–335 version control underline, 322 definition, 14 Undo command, 179–180 layers, 385–388 undoing reverting to previous versions, 32 comparing versions, 179–180 selecting alternate versions, 15–16 last action, 179 version cues, Adobe Bridge, 75 multiple actions, 180–182 Vertical Type Mask tool, 313, 333 “No” symbol, 188 Vertical Type tool, 32–33, 313 photographic mistakes, 32 video effects, 534 restoring partial images, 186–187 View menu, 25–26, 81–82 reverting to saved version, 180 vivid light, 396 snapshots creating, 185–186 definition, 181 deleting, 186 •W• reverting to, 187–188 warping images. See also Liquify window; states transforming clearing all, 183 barrel distortion, 519 definition, 181 cloning distortions, 545–548 removing, 183 Distortion filters, 518–521 reverting to, 183, 187–189 extending distortions, 545–548 viewing, 182–183 pincushion distortion, 519 tools for Smudge tool, 597–599 Art History Brush, 189–190 warping text, 319, 336–337 Erase to History option, 187 washing out color, 570 Eraser, 187 water droplets, 530–532 History Brush, 188–189 water paper effect, 530 History Options dialog box, 184 Water Paper filter, 530 History palette, 180–182
  15. 682 Photoshop CS2 All-In-One Desk Reference For Dummies Web images, preparing, 35 Window menu, 12–13 Web optimization windows, arranging icons in, 12 anti-aliasing, BC-15–16 word break, 323, 325 color consistency, BC-15 work environment, color, 163–164 color mode, BC-3–4 working spaces, color, 169–171 file formats, BC-4–13 wrinkled emulsion effect, 530 GIF files, BC-5–6, BC-24–27 wrinkles, removing. See retouching JPEG 2000 files, BC-8–11 JPEG files, BC-6–8, BC-22–24 PNG files, BC-11–13, BC-27–29 resolution, BC-2–3 •Z• Save for Web feature, BC-17–29 Zip compression, 140 Web photo gallery, BC-46–52 Zoom tool, 538 Web-safe palette, BC-13–14 zooming Welcome Screen, 9–10 image document window, 60–62, 63, 64 wet effects, 526–528, 530–532 images, 34 width, paths, 239 matching the zoom factor, 12
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  18. Bonus Chapter 1: Prepping Web Graphics In This Chapter Choosing resolution, mode, and format Understanding the GIF, JPEG, and PNG formats Working with Web-safe palettes Looking good in type Optimizing images with Save for Web Specifying JPEG, GIF, and PNG options P reparing an image for display on a Web page can be just as important as creating it. That razor-sharp, 6-megapixel image you care- fully composed through the viewfinder of your digital camera may end up cropped, sliced, and transformed into a minia- ture 128-x-128-pixel graphic perched in a corner of your Web page. Visitors to your site are likely to be more concerned with how quickly the image downloads and how clearly they can view its content than its glorious digital genesis. Photoshop has some marvelous tools for optimiz- ing an image for the Web, but you can (and should) prepare your images ahead of time as well. This chapter introduces you to some of the tools and concepts you need to be familiar with before you start optimizing in earnest. And then, after you do all your prep work, you can optimize your images so they look their very best, download their fastest, or some combination of the two. In most cases, the Save for Web feature provides the kind of automation and preview capabilities you need right inside Photoshop itself. But if you need some additional horsepower, you can also jump to ImageReady for its unique Web features.
  19. BC-2 Understanding Basic Web Optimization Understanding Basic Web Optimization When you create images for the Web, you get the best results if you choose a Web-friendly resolution, color mode, and file format that’s appropriate for the image you want to display. I introduce these concepts for both Web and print in Book II. The following sections offer an overview of basics to con- sider when preparing images for the Web. Choosing a resolution If you’re planning on putting images on the Web, follow these two golden rules: Start out by creating the image at the resolution you’ll use to display it. Images can lose detail when you change the resolution settings after editing. Choose the resolution based on what will look good on a 17-inch screen with resolution settings of 800 x 600, as shown in Figure 1-1. Most Web sites use this standard display. You don’t need a high resolu- tion to display the image on a Web site. Figure 1-1: Use a resolution setting of 800 x 600 pixels for a standard Web image.
  20. Understanding Basic Web Optimization BC-3 Picking a resolution (and sticking with it) Changing resolution is often bad because you always lose some image detail when you convert from one resolution to another while resizing images. Therefore, creating a graphic destined for the Web at the resolution that you’ll use to display it is a good idea. If possible, do not create the image at a different size and change the resolution later. So, when choosing the resolution and size of your images, keep in mind the final destination of the image — that is, Web or print — and how large you want it to appear on the screen or printed page. Smaller monitors display images at 72 ppi. Larger monitors use 96 ppi or 120 ppi. You can use these figures to visualize the size your images will appear on the displays of other users’ computers. For example, a graphic that measures 150 pixels x 150 pixels appears to be about 1.25 x 1.25 inches on a monitor with 120 ppi resolution (rather tiny), but a little more than 2 x 2 inches (relatively large) on a smaller monitor with 72 ppi resolution. Resolution values always translate into sizes. For example, a Photoshop image measuring 600 x 600 pixels created at 600 dpi prints as a 1-x-1-inch square on a 600 dpi printer because each pixel is translated into one printer dot, or as a 2-x-2-inch square on a 300 dpi printer (unless you tell the printer to scale the image to a different size) because each pixel translates into two printer dots. Selecting a color mode In Web graphics terms, color mode refers to the number of colors or grays that appear in an image. Color modes for the Web, which I introduce in Book II, Chapter 2, include the following: Grayscale: 256 different gray levels Indexed Color: 256 or fewer colors RGB: 16.7 million different colors created from red, green, and blue values In practical terms, only Grayscale, Indexed Color, and RGB are used for the Web because they’re the only modes supported by the two most popular Web-capable image file formats, GIF and JPEG (which I describe later in this chapter).
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