Contactless Smart Cards
The ﬁrst plastic cards appeared in the USA as early as the beginning of the 1950s, when cheap PVC replaced cardboard. In the years that followed, plastic credit cards became widespread. Incidentally, the ﬁrst credit card was issued by Diners Club in 1950. The rapid development of semiconductor technology made it possible to integrate data memory and protective logic onto a single silicon chip in the 1970s.