Sử dụng photoshop cs5 part 59

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Sử dụng photoshop cs5 part 59

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Việc chuyển hộp ranh giới cho các khoản loại Bằng cách thay đổi hình dạng của hộp ranh giới bao quanh đoạn loại, bạn có thể thay đổi độ dài dòng của các loại mà không làm sai lệch ký tự. Mở rộng hộp ranh giới là một điều cần thiết khi bạn muốn tiết lộ loại tràn (khi một hộp có chứa loại ranh giới tràn, một dấu cộng hiển thị trong xử lý ở góc dưới bên phải)

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  1. 346 Chapter 20 Transforming the bounding box for paragraph type By changing the shape of the bounding box that surrounds paragraph type, you can change the line lengths of the type without distorting the characters. Enlarging the bounding box is a necessity when you want to reveal overflow type (when a bounding box contains overflow type, a plus sign displays in the handle in the lower right corner). You will find less of a need to rotate type, but instructions for doing so are also included. To transform paragraph type via its A Drag a control handle to transform the bounding box. bounding box: 1. On the Layers panel, double-click the T icon for a paragraph type layer, then click anywhere in the text. A dashed bounding box surrounds the type. 2. Do one of the following: To reflow the type by reshaping the bounding box, position the cursor over a control handle, then drag.A To preserve the proportions of the bounding box while scaling it, start drag- ging a corner handle, then hold down Shift and continue to drag. The type will reflow into the new shape.B To rotate the box, position the pointer just out- side one of the corners (it will become a curved, double-arrow pointer), then drag in a circular direction. B When we made the bounding box wider, the type reflowed 3. To accept the transformation, press Enter on into the new shape. the keypad or click the Commit button on the Options bar. (To cancel it, press Esc or click the Cancel button on the Options bar.) ➤ To align or distribute multiple type layers, follow the instructions on page 247. TRANSFORMING TYPE ➤ To access the Move tool temporarily when you’re working with type (perhaps to move the type), ➤ When applied to paragraph or point type, the trans- form commands, such as Free Transform, affect both hold down Ctrl/Cmd instead of using the letter the bounding box and the characters within it (see shortcut (V). If you do press “V,” make sure your pages 312–313). type cursor isn’t inserted in type, or you will unintentionally either replace selected type with ➤ You can move, scale, rotate, and skew both editable that letter or insert it into your text. and rasterized type, plus you can apply a distortion or perspective transformation to rasterized type. ➤ If you want to transform individual characters, create them on separate layers.
  2. Type 347 Using the Warp Text command The Warp Text dialog transforms the type bound- ➤ To reopen the Warp Text dialog at any time, ing box, and the characters within it are warped repeat step 1 on this page. For example, you accordingly. The command offers many customiz- could choose a different style or adjust the slid- able style choices, such as arc, arch, shell, wave, and ers (or to undo the warp, choose Style: None). fish. Best of all, warped type remains fully editable. ➤ Once you move the sliders in the Warp Text To warp editable type: dialog, those settings are applied to all the 1. Do either of the following: other Styles in the dialog. To restore the default settings to all the sliders, choose a Style of None. On the Layers panel, double-click a T icon, then click the Warp Text button on the ➤ To warp type using manual controls, see page Options bar. 316. Right-click an editable type layer name and choose Warp Text. 2. The Warp Text dialog opens.A Move it aside if it’s in the way. 3. From the Style menu, choose a preset style. 4. Click Horizontal or Vertical as the overall orientation for the distortion. 5. Optional: Move the Bend, Horizontal Distortion, or Vertical Distortion sliders. 6. Click OK.B–E A Warp Text icon appears in the layer thumbnail. Note: Characters that are added to warped type A The Warp Text dialog offers many Style presets, as well adopt the same warp characteristics. as three sliders that enable you to customize the effect. C Style: Arc (layer effects are also applied) B Styles: Shell Lower for “Greg’s,” Bulge for “Boat Yard” D Style: Flag (layer effects are also applied) E Style: Rise
  3. 348 Chapter 20 Rasterizing type To edit type by applying a filter or the Transform > Distort or Perspective command, or to draw strokes on it with a tool such as the Brush, you have to convert it to pixels first via the Rasterize Type com- mand. Unfortunately, you can’t change the typo- graphic attributes of rasterized type. To rasterize type into pixels: A In this image, the type is the base layer in a clipping mask. 1. Optional: To preserve the editable type layer, duplicate it (Ctrl-J/Cmd-J), then hide it. Keep the duplicate layer selected. 2. Right-click an editable type layer name and choose Rasterize Type. The layer thumbnail now has a checkerboard pattern, which represents areas of transparency. 3. Be creative! Filling type with imagery B This image was created the same way as the one above, To spark your imagination, these are some of the except here we also rasterized the type layer (which is the ways you can make editable type look as if it’s filled clipping mask), then softened the edges via the Gaussian with imagery (and good news: you don’t need to Blur filter to make it look more “snowy.” rasterize the type layer first): ➤ Use an editable type layer as the base layer in a clipping mask to clip the image layers above it.A–B You can edit the image layers (e.g., apply filters or brush strokes to them) or reposition them without disturbing the type. To learn more about clipping masks, see page 306. ➤ Apply the Pattern Overlay effect to an editable type layer (see pages 363–364). While the Layer Style dialog is open, you can scale the pattern by using the Scale slider or move the pattern within the type by dragging in the document. To create C We applied the Pattern Overlay layer effect to the type a custom pattern, with the Rectangular Marquee layer using a custom pattern that we made from an image tool, select all or part of an image to use as a pat- (we also applied the Drop Shadow, Inner Shadow, Outer tern tile, choose Edit > Define Pattern, then click Glow, and Emboss effects). OK. Choose your new pattern from the Pattern Preset picker in the Pattern Overlay panel of the Layer Style dialog.C ➤ Use a type selection in a layer mask (follow the instructions on the next page).D For an extra bit of fun, try warping some type, then use the resulting shapes as a layer mask. D In this image, a type selection that we converted to a layer mask is masking a group of image layers. We also applied a gradient to the mask on each image layer to hide part of the imagery (see also pages 244–245).
  4. Type 349 To use type shapes as a layer mask: 1. Create an editable type layer. The type shapes are now represented by white 2. Ctrl-click/Cmd-click the type layer thumb- or black areas in the layer mask thumbnail. nail to load the type shapes as a selection.A ➤ To reposition the layer mask, unlink it from 3. Hide the type layer by clicking its visibility the layer by clicking the link icon (the icon icon.B The selection marquee will remain visible. disappears), click the layer mask thumbnail, Don’t deselect it. then with the Move tool, drag in the document. Or to move the layer imagery within the mask, 4. Click the image layer to which you want to add a click the layer mask thumbnail, then drag. mask. When you’re done, click to restore the link. 5. On the Layers panel, do either of the following: ➤ You can also add a layer mask by clicking the To reveal layer pixels within the selection area, Add Pixel Mask button on the Masks panel. click the Add Layer Mask button. C–E To toggle the function of the mask between To hide layer pixels within the selection area, Alt- hiding and revealing pixels, click Invert on the click/Option-click the Add Layer Mask button. panel. A Ctrl-click/Cmd-click a type layer thumbnail to create a B Hide the type layer — but don’t deselect! selection from type. C To reveal layer imagery within the selection, click the Add Layer Mask button (it’s a “ski mask,” ha-ha). D To create a solid backdrop for the type shapes, we added E This is the Layers panel for the final a layer below the image layer, which we filled with white. image, which is shown in Figure D.
  5. 350 Chapter 20 Making type fade DON’T FORGET ABOUT LAYER EFFECTS! To make it seem as though type is fading into thin air, apply a gradient to a layer mask. Layer effects can be applied to both editable and rasterized type layers. To open the Layer Style To make type fade: dialog, double-click next to a layer name. Browse 1. Click an editable or rasterized type layer (for this through the next chapter and you’ll see many exercise, make the type relatively large). examples of effects that we’ve applied to type. 2. On the Masks panel, click the Add Pixel Mask button. A layer mask thumbnail appears on the type layer. 3. Choose the Gradient tool (G or Shift-G). 4. On the Options bar: Click the Gradient picker arrowhead, then click the “Black, White” preset in the picker (it’s the third swatch in the default gradient library). Click the Linear gradient button. Choose Mode: Normal and 100% Opacity. 5. Make sure the layer mask thumbnail is still selected, then in the document, Shift-drag ver- tically or horizontally from the middle of the type to one of its edges (we dragged from the middle to the left). The type layer mask will fill A We clicked the layer mask thumbnail, then with a white-to-black gradient A and the type dragged with the Gradient tool in the image from will be hidden where black is present in the layer the middle of the type to the left edge of the layer. mask.B 6. On the Masks panel, lower the Density value to reveal more of the type and soften the transition between the visible and hidden areas.C–D ➤ To modify the type or the layer, click the type layer thumbnail; to modify the layer mask, click the layer mask thumbnail; or to toggle the two thumbnails, click the layer, then click the Select Pixel Mask button on the Masks panel on or off. To learn more about layer masks, see pages 168–173. B The type is now fading, but a bit too abruptly. C To fade the type more gradually, we lowered the Density of the layer mask to 89%. D In the final image, the type fades gradually.
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