Suse Linux 9.3 For Dummies- P1

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Suse Linux 9.3 For Dummies- P1

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Suse Linux 9.3 For Dummies- P1:This part is all about getting you started on your way to a lasting relationship with SUSE Linux. Before you can begin your SUSE Linux experience, I spend a chapter explaining what SUSE Linux is and what you can do with SUSE Linux (pretty much anything you can do with a PC that runs Windows).

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  2. SUSE Linux 9.3 ® FOR DUMmIES ‰ by Naba Barkakati Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on www.verypdf.com to remove this watermark.
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  4. SUSE Linux 9.3 ® FOR DUMmIES ‰ Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on www.verypdf.com to remove this watermark.
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  6. SUSE Linux 9.3 ® FOR DUMmIES ‰ by Naba Barkakati Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on www.verypdf.com to remove this watermark.
  7. ® ® SUSE Linux 9.3 For Dummies Published by Wiley Publishing, Inc. 111 River Street Hoboken, NJ 07030-5774 www.wiley.com Copyright © 2005 by Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana Published by Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana Published simultaneously in Canada No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning or otherwise, except as permit- ted under Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act, without either the prior written permission of the Publisher, or authorization through payment of the appropriate per-copy fee to the Copyright Clearance Center, 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, (978) 750-8400, fax (978) 646-8600. Requests to the Publisher for permission should be addressed to the Legal Department, Wiley Publishing, Inc., 10475 Crosspoint Blvd., Indianapolis, IN 46256, (317) 572-3447, fax (317) 572-4355, or online at http://www.wiley.com/go/permissions. Trademarks: Wiley, the Wiley Publishing logo, For Dummies, the Dummies Man logo, A Reference for the Rest of Us!, The Dummies Way, Dummies Daily, The Fun and Easy Way, Dummies.com, and related trade dress are trademarks or registered trademarks of John Wiley & Sons, Inc. and/or its affiliates in the United States and other countries, and may not be used without written permission. Linux is a registered trade- mark of Linus Torvalds. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners. Wiley Publishing, Inc., is not associated with any product or vendor mentioned in this book. LIMIT OF LIABILITY/DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTY: THE PUBLISHER AND THE AUTHOR MAKE NO REP- RESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES WITH RESPECT TO THE ACCURACY OR COMPLETENESS OF THE CONTENTS OF THIS WORK AND SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION WARRANTIES OF FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. NO WARRANTY MAY BE CRE- ATED OR EXTENDED BY SALES OR PROMOTIONAL MATERIALS. THE ADVICE AND STRATEGIES CON- TAINED HEREIN MAY NOT BE SUITABLE FOR EVERY SITUATION. THIS WORK IS SOLD WITH THE UNDERSTANDING THAT THE PUBLISHER IS NOT ENGAGED IN RENDERING LEGAL, ACCOUNTING, OR OTHER PROFESSIONAL SERVICES. IF PROFESSIONAL ASSISTANCE IS REQUIRED, THE SERVICES OF A COMPETENT PROFESSIONAL PERSON SHOULD BE SOUGHT. NEITHER THE PUBLISHER NOR THE AUTHOR SHALL BE LIABLE FOR DAMAGES ARISING HEREFROM. THE FACT THAT AN ORGANIZATION OR WEBSITE IS REFERRED TO IN THIS WORK AS A CITATION AND/OR A POTENTIAL SOURCE OF FUR- THER INFORMATION DOES NOT MEAN THAT THE AUTHOR OR THE PUBLISHER ENDORSES THE INFORMATION THE ORGANIZATION OR WEBSITE MAY PROVIDE OR RECOMMENDATIONS IT MAY MAKE. FURTHER, READERS SHOULD BE AWARE THAT INTERNET WEBSITES LISTED IN THIS WORK MAY HAVE CHANGED OR DISAPPEARED BETWEEN WHEN THIS WORK WAS WRITTEN AND WHEN IT IS READ. FULFILLMENT OF EACH COUPON OFFER IS THE SOLE RESPONSIBILITY OF THE OFFEROR. For general information on our other products and services, please contact our Customer Care Department within the U.S. at 800-762-2974, outside the U.S. at 317-572-3993, or fax 317-572-4002. For technical support, please visit www.wiley.com/techsupport. Wiley also publishes its books in a variety of electronic formats. Some content that appears in print may not be available in electronic books. Library of Congress Control Number: 2005923238 ISBN-13: 978-07645-9615-5 ISBN-10: 0-7645-9615-2 Manufactured in the United States of America 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 1B/QT/QV/QV/IN Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on www.verypdf.com to remove this watermark.
  8. About the Author Naba Barkakati is an electrical engineer and a successful computer-book author who has experience in a wide variety of systems, ranging from MS-DOS and Windows to UNIX and Linux. He bought his first personal computer — an IBM PC-AT — in 1984 after graduating with a PhD in electrical engineering from the University of Maryland at College Park. While pursuing a full-time career in engineering, Naba dreamed of writing software for the emerging PC software market. As luck would have it, instead of building a software empire like Microsoft, he ended up writing successful computer books. Currently, Naba is a Senior Level Technologist at the Center for Technology and Engineering in the U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO). Over the past 16 years, Naba has written over 25 computer books on a number of topics, ranging from object-oriented programming with C++ to Linux. He has authored several best-selling titles, such as The Waite Group’s Turbo C++ Bible, Object-Oriented Programming in C++, X Window System Programming, Visual C++ Developer’s Guide, Borland C++ 4 Developer’s Guide, and Linux Secrets. His books have been translated into many languages, including Spanish, French, Polish, Greek, Italian, Chinese, Japanese, and Korean. Naba’s most recent book is Linux All-in-One Desk Reference For Dummies, also published by Wiley Publishing, Inc. Naba lives in North Potomac, Maryland, with his wife Leha, and their chil- dren, Ivy, Emily, and Ashley. Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on www.verypdf.com to remove this watermark.
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  10. Dedication I would like to dedicate this book to my wife Leha, and daughters Ivy, Emily, and Ashley. Author’s Acknowledgments I am grateful to Terri Varveris for getting me started on this book — a For Dummies guide about the up and coming SUSE Linux. As the project editor, Linda Morris guided me through the manuscript-submission process and kept everything moving. I appreciate the guidance and support that Terri and Linda gave me during this project. I would like to thank Susan Douglas for reviewing the manuscript for techni- cal accuracy and providing many useful suggestions for improving the book’s content. Thanks to everyone at Wiley Publishing for transforming my raw manuscript into this well-edited and beautifully packaged book. Of course, there would be no reason for this book if it were not for Linux. For this, we have Linus Torvalds and the legions of Linux developers around the world to thank. Thanks to Christian Egle, Andreas Jaeger, and others at Novell for providing beta copies of SUSE Linux and for the Special Edition DVD that’s bundled with this book. Finally, and as always, my greatest thanks go to my wife, Leha, and our daughters, Ivy, Emily, and Ashley — it is their love and support that keeps me going. Thanks for being there! Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on www.verypdf.com to remove this watermark.
  11. Publisher’s Acknowledgments We’re proud of this book; please send us your comments through our online registration form located at www.dummies.com/register/. Some of the people who helped bring this book to market include the following: Acquisitions, Editorial, Composition Services and Media Development Project Coordinator: Shannon Kepshire Project Editor: Linda Morris Layout and Graphics: Carl Byers, Andrea Dahl, Acquisitions Editor: Terri Varveris Lauren Goddard, Joyce Haughey, Copy Editor: Linda Morris Heather Ryan Technical Editor: Susan Douglas Proofreaders: Leeann Harney, Jessica Kramer, Carl William Pierce, Charles Spencer, Editorial Manager: Carol Sheehan TECHBOOKS Production Services Media Development Manager: Indexer: TECHBOOKS Production Services Laura VanWinkle Media Development Supervisor: Richard Graves Editorial Assistant: Amanda Foxworth Cartoons: Rich Tennant, www.the5thwave.com Publishing and Editorial for Technology Dummies Richard Swadley, Vice President and Executive Group Publisher Andy Cummings, Vice President and Publisher Mary Bednarek, Executive Acquisitions Director Mary C. Corder, Editorial Director Publishing for Consumer Dummies Diane Graves Steele, Vice President and Publisher Joyce Pepple, Acquisitions Director Composition Services Gerry Fahey, Vice President of Production Services Debbie Stailey, Director of Composition Services Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on www.verypdf.com to remove this watermark.
  12. Contents at a Glance Introduction .................................................................1 Part I: Getting to Know SUSE ........................................7 Chapter 1: What Is SUSE Linux?........................................................................................9 Chapter 2: Installing SUSE Linux.....................................................................................23 Chapter 3: Starting SUSE for the First Time ..................................................................39 Chapter 4: Taking Stock of What’s in SUSE ...................................................................55 Part II: Test Driving SUSE ...........................................63 Chapter 5: Exploring the SUSE Desktops.......................................................................65 Chapter 6: Finding and Organizing Files........................................................................81 Chapter 7: I Want My Internet, Now! ............................................................................105 Chapter 8: Setting Up an Ethernet LAN with Wireless Access..................................123 Part III: Doing Stuff with SUSE .................................139 Chapter 9: Browsing the Web........................................................................................141 Chapter 10: E-Mailing and Instant Messaging in SUSE...............................................155 Chapter 11: Reading Newsgroups ................................................................................169 Chapter 12: Preparing Documents and Spreadsheets in SUSE Linux ......................183 Chapter 13: Doing Even More Office Stuff in SUSE Linux ..........................................205 Chapter 14: Playing Music and Burning CDs...............................................................217 Chapter 15: Working with Photos and Images............................................................227 Chapter 16: What’s a Shell and Why Do I Care?..........................................................243 Part IV: Becoming a SUSE Wizard..............................253 Chapter 17: Look Ma, I’m a Sysadmin! .........................................................................255 Chapter 18: Updating SUSE and Adding New Software .............................................273 Chapter 19: Securing SUSE Linux .................................................................................287 Part V: The Part of Tens ............................................309 Chapter 20: Ten Frequently Asked Questions about SUSE .......................................311 Chapter 21: The Ten Best Things about SUSE ............................................................321 Chapter 22: Ten Great Web Sites for SUSE Maniacs ...................................................327 Chapter 23: Ten Most Commonly Used SUSE Commands.........................................331 Appendix: About the DVD-ROM....................................................................................341 Index .......................................................................345 Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on www.verypdf.com to remove this watermark.
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  14. Table of Contents Introduction..................................................................1 About This Book...............................................................................................2 Conventions Used in This Book .....................................................................2 What You Don’t Have to Read ........................................................................3 Who Are You? ...................................................................................................3 How This Book Is Organized...........................................................................3 What’s on the DVD? .........................................................................................4 Icons Used in This Book..................................................................................4 Where to Go from Here....................................................................................5 Part I: Getting to Know SUSE .........................................7 Chapter 1: What Is SUSE Linux? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 Getting a Handle on Linux...............................................................................9 Discovering SUSE Linux.......................................................................12 Making sense of Linux version numbers ...........................................12 What’s in SUSE Linux? ...................................................................................13 GNU software ........................................................................................13 GUIs and applications ..........................................................................14 Networks ...............................................................................................15 Internet servers ....................................................................................16 Software development .........................................................................16 Online documentation .........................................................................17 Figuring Out What You Can Do with SUSE Linux........................................17 Disks, CD-ROMs, and DVD-ROMs .......................................................19 Peripheral devices................................................................................19 File systems and sharing .....................................................................20 Networking ............................................................................................20 Getting Started with SUSE Linux ..................................................................21 Install and configure SUSE Linux ........................................................21 Explore SUSE Linux ..............................................................................22 Use SUSE Linux .....................................................................................22 Chapter 2: Installing SUSE Linux . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23 Introducing the Installation Steps................................................................23 Checking Your PC’s Hardware ......................................................................24 Installing SUSE Linux .....................................................................................26 Booting your PC from the DVD/CD-ROM drive.................................26 Installing SUSE Linux from CDs or DVD.............................................26 Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on www.verypdf.com to remove this watermark.
  15. xii SUSE Linux 9.3 For Dummies Chapter 3: Starting SUSE for the First Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39 Powering Up SUSE Linux ...............................................................................39 Getting GUI ......................................................................................................41 Setting Up Printers.........................................................................................45 Managing DVDs and CD-ROMs .....................................................................48 Playing with the Shell ....................................................................................48 Starting the bash shell .........................................................................48 Understanding shell commands.........................................................49 Trying a few Linux commands............................................................50 Shutting Down ................................................................................................52 Chapter 4: Taking Stock of What’s in SUSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55 Discovering the Internet Applications ........................................................55 Introducing the Office Applications.............................................................57 Exploring the Multimedia Applications.......................................................58 Cataloging the Image and Graphics Applications ......................................60 Part II: Test Driving SUSE ............................................63 Chapter 5: Exploring the SUSE Desktops . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .65 Discovering the Common Features of the Desktops .................................65 Desktop context menus .......................................................................67 Icon context menus..............................................................................68 The panels .............................................................................................69 The Main Menu or Programs Menu....................................................70 Exploring KDE.................................................................................................74 Getting to Know GNOME ...............................................................................76 Chapter 6: Finding and Organizing Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .81 Figuring Out the Linux File System ..............................................................81 Using GUI File Managers................................................................................85 Conquering the file system with Konqueror.....................................85 Roaming the file system with Nautilus ..............................................88 Using Linux Commands to Manipulate Files and Directories...................93 Commands for directory navigation..................................................94 Commands for directory listings and permissions..........................95 Commands for working with files.......................................................98 Commands for working with directories...........................................99 Commands for finding files ...............................................................100 Commands for mounting and unmounting .....................................101 Commands for checking disk-space usage .....................................102 Chapter 7: I Want My Internet, Now! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .105 What Is the Internet? ...................................................................................105 Deciding How to Connect to the Internet .................................................106 Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on www.verypdf.com to remove this watermark.
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