Tài liệu học tiếng Nhật

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1) kai, 2) e - meeting, 3) a(u) - to meet:Think of the kanji as a person sitting at a desk under a roof. Most meetings take place in a house with desks (KANJI CẤP BA)

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227
27.
.  
1) kai, 2) e - meeting, 3) a(u) - to meet hou ei kai wa - English conversation [only kai wa
means any conversation]
Think of the kanji as a person sitting at a desk me  kai gi - meeting, conference
under a roof. Most meetings take place in a -  kyou kai - church
house with desks, ne.

-  
1) sei, 2) shou, 3) ao(i) - blue (sometimes ) x ao zora - blue sky
green) - b  ao mori ken - Aomori Prefecture
-  ao iro - blue color
Blue moon! You saw me standing alone. I saw
you standing at the bottom part of this kanji.

It becomes aoi (add the i) when placed with a
noun --> aoi ahiru - a blue duck. (strange
example but you get the drift, right?)


-  
1) seki, 2) shaku, 3) aka(i) - red ( see aka chan - a child, infant
-  seki dou - the equator
This kanji has done something embarrassing -  aka ji - red ink, in the red, a deficit
and is running away with it's face turned red
(see the arms and legs running?)

-  
1) mei, 2) myou, 3) aka(rui) - light, bright, to ( r  akarui - bright, cheerful
dawn -  hatsu mei - invention
-  setsu mei - explanation
In the sky the 2 brightest objects are the sun
(left) and the moon (right)

-  
1) shuu, 2) aki - fall (the season), autumn wi t h shuu bun no hi - autumn equinox holiday
[see more on holidays]
In the fall, many people burn leaves and things ] e  aki kaze - autumn breeze
with fire (right part)

-  
1) kuu, 2) kara, 3) sora - sky, air, empty -  kara te - karate [lit. empty hand]
-  kuu ki - air, atmosphere
327
br  kuu kou - airport
Think of a karate expert jumping in the air to -  sora - sky
break a board in two

-  
1) kai, 2) hira(ku), 3) a(keru) - to open

Maybe you will recognize mon (gate) [ ] I think cl ose  doa o akeru - open a door
of a man (in the middle) opening a large gate -  zen kai - full throttle, fully open
door by pushing with both arms
Be careful to not confuse open with close [[ ] I think of
close as a man kicking the door closed


-  
1) aku, 2) waru(i) - bad, evil he warui mono - a bad fellow, someone
(something) bad
It looks like an anvil or some heavy object on ( s  sai aku - the worst
top of a heart [t ] When you do something bad, -  aku ma - devil, demon
your conscience (should) weigh heavy on your
heart

-  
1) chou, 2) asa - morning - m  asahi shinbun - Asahi newspaper
-  ke sa - this morning [irregular pronunciation]
-  mai asa - every morning
- e  asa go han - breakfast [lit. morning rice]

-  
1) ji, 2) aza - letter (from the alphabet...), un mo ji – letter
character, mark – l  aka juu ji - Red Cross [ juu ji is cross]
i  kan ji - kanji, [lit. Chinese character]
Think of a young child learning his alphabet
under a roof




-  
1) soku, 2) ashi - foot, feet, leg, 3) ta(riru) - to  ryou ashi - both legs (both feet)
be enough sufficient -  migi ashi - right foot, leg
-  man zoku - satisfaction
A person doing a split with his legs
When you say, 'ashi' it means both leg and foot.
427

Japanese doesn't distinguish where one starts and the
other stops


o  
1) mi, 2) aji - taste, experience
] (  aji mi - try the taste, have a taste
e  i mi - meaning
Of course the kanji that deals with tastes has a
-  shu mi - hobby
kuchi (mouth) in it [ ]

-  
1) shin, 2) atara(shii) - new, fresh

Try to begin to look at kanji and get a feel for Look  atarashii kuruma - a new car
their meaning. I know it sounds strange, but as -  shin bun - newspaper
you progress you should be able to -  shin nen - new year
automatically catch its meaning at a glance.
Look at this kanji and think of something new

-  
1) shuu, 2) atsu(meru) - to collect, gather of  hen shuu - editing (newspaper, book...)
- e  atsumeru - to collect, to gather something
This is a collection of lines -  shuu kai - assembly, group

-  
1) kei, 2) kyou, 3) ani - older brother
2 l e o nii san - big brother (honorific - it
changes from 'ani' to 'onii'
Think of a loud older brother with only a big c h  kyou dai - brothers
mouth and 2 legs




-  
1) shi, 2) ane -older sister
of a o nee san - big sister (honorific - changes
from 'ane' to 'onee'
This kanji is made of 2 parts: onna (woman) [ ]f r o  nee san - girl, older girl
and city or market [[ ] - Maybe you can think
-  shi mai - sisters
of a connection, I can't.

-  
527
1) ho, 2) bu, 3) ayu(mu) 4) aru(ku) - to walk, to
step
t oot  ippo ippo - one step at a time, step by step
-  san po - a walk, stroll
The top part is to stop [ ] and the bottom
- a  dai ippo - the first step
means a little [ ] So when you walk a long
distance you have to stop a little too

-  
a m  arigatou - arigatou, thank you [set
1) yuu, 2) u, 3) a(ru) - to have, to exist, is
expression]
e xp  kou yuu chi - public land
There is a moon
-  yuu mei - famous

-  
1) an - safe, peaceful , 2) yasu(i) - cheap,
inexpensive, me an shin - peace of mind
- pe  yasui mono - something cheap
Remember this kanji has two different -  an zen - safe, safety
meanings: 1) safe and 2) cheap

-  
-  i sha - doctor
1) i - to heal, to cure
-  i in - clinic

-  
1) i - mind, heart, attention
]  i mi - meaning
-  chuu i - warning, caution, be careful
When you stand [h] you are at attention;
-  you i - preparation, prepare
When it is day [W you are awake and
]
-  i ken - opinion, view
attentive; and your heart [a] is mindful

-  
1) i - more, with, through, on account of
m ka - below, less than, under
e i
-  i jou - more than, over, this is all
This one doesn't seem to have a concrete
- mo  i shin den shin - telepathy, mind reading
meaning, but is used with other kanjis

-  
1) gen, 2) gon - speech, statement 3) iu - to u koto ba - word, language
say 4) koto - word, expression - w hitori goto - soliloquy, talking to yourself
-  hou gen - dialect
Sound waves coming from a mouth.
627

A lot of 'word' related kanji have this character
as part of the kanji - as  nikki (diary); n shi
(poem); (  hanashi (a story)

 
1) ka, 2) ke, 3) ya, 4) ie - house hi  ka zoku - family
-  sakka - writer, novelist, author
Think of the top part as a roof - w ai byou ka - lover of cats

-  
1) kyuu, 2) isogu - to hurry be kyuu kyuu sha - ambulance
-  tokkyuu - limited express train
When you hurry your heart beats faster - l i mi t  oriento kyuu kou - Orient Express

-  
1) ken, 2) inu - dog ]  ko inu - puppy
-  ban ken - watch dog
A dog is man's [d] big, [] ] best friend - w ai ken ka - lover of dogs




-  
1) mai, 2) imouto - younger sister
br  shi mai - sisters (elder & younger)
Japanese makes a distinction between - s  itoko - cousin (female)
younger and older [y  ane] sisters and - c o  shi mai to shi - sister cities
brothers

-  

1) shiki, 2) shoku, 3) iro - color ex ao iro - blue
-  ki iro - yellow
Some color names have this kanji with it (see - ye  juu nin to iro - 10 people 10 colors,
examples) different strokes for different folks

d  
1) on, 2) in, 3) ne, 4) oto - sound  on gaku - music
-  hatsu on - pronunciation
Sound is standing [o] on the sun [] ] - don't -  fuku in - the Gospel, good news
727

confuse it with [c ] i (heart, attention)

 
1) in - member, official ]  i in - committee member
-  kai in - member, membership
An official is just a shell [n] with a mouth [] ] -  sha in - company employee

-  
1) in - institution, academy
( s  byou in - hospital
-  i in - (doctor's) clinic
This one is used for buildings and institutions
- (  dai gaku in - graduate school
(see examples)

-  
1) in, 2) nomu - to drink
By  nomi mono - something to drink, a drink
'To drink' is similar to 'to eat' [o] - looks like a - s  nomi mizu - drinking water
man on the right leaning on a bar having a - dr  nomi hou dai - all you can drink
drink [By Dean]

-  
1) gyo, 2) uo, 3) sakana - fish hi  nin gyo - mermaid
-  kin gyo - goldfish
Think of the bottom lines as being water -  tobi uo - flying fish

-  
1) dou, 2) ugoku - to move ]  un dou - exercise, movement
-  dou butsu - animals
Heavy [e] + power [] ] = to move -  kan dou - deeply impressed, moved, touched

-  
1) gyuu, 2) ushi - cow, bull g gyuu nyuu - milk
-  gyuu niku - beef, cow meat
Don't confuse this with [o] go (noon) -  ushi - cow

-  
1) ka, 2) uta - a song 3) utau - to sing mo kokka - national anthem
-  ka shi - lyrics, words to music
This has a distinctive shape. Think of several - l  ka bu ki - Kabuki, Japanese play
mouths singing songs -  tan ka - Tanka, 31 syllable Japanese poem
827

2  
1) sha, 2) utsusu - to copy, take (a photo)
ph sha shin - photograph
- p  sha shin ka - photographer
It looks like a 5 but it is only a copy of a -  sha sei - sketching, drawing from life
photograph

-  
1) ei, 2) utsuru - to be reflected, 3) utsusu - to
project on a screen, reflect ]  ei ga - movie
- m eiga kan - the movies, cinema
Reflected light comes from the center [[ ] of -  hou ei - televising
the sun [[ ]




-  
1) kai, 2) umi - sea, ocean oce nihon kai - Japan Sea
- J  hokkaidou - Hokkaido, the most northern
The 3 little marks to the left mean water and [h]big island of Japan
is 'every.' So every water comes from the bi  kai gan - beach, coast
ocean.

-  
1) bai, 2) uri - sale 3) uru - to sell ' a hatsu bai - new product for sale, sale
- n  uri mono - something for sell
It is interesting in that 'to buy' also has the -  bai bai - selling & buying
reading 'bai'

-  
1) un - luck, 2) hakobu - to carry t h un ga - canal
-  un mei - fate, destiny
In the army [n], people have to carry many - f a an zen un ten - safe driving
things

-  
1) juu, 2) chou, 3) omoi - heavy ]  ki chou - precious, valuable
- p kasane gi - wearing clothes over clothes
This is a heavy village [ ] because it has 1000 -  juu ten - important point, to stress
[[ ] people over it something
927

2  
1) ei, 2) hanabusa, 3) - England, English,
En seki ei - quartz
grand
- q ei kai wa - English conversation
-  ei yaku - English translation
There is a lot of grass in the center [ ] of
- E ei yuu teki - heroic
England

-  
1) eki - station (train) st  eki mae - in front of a station
-  eki in - station attendant
A lot of horses [ ] R at the station -  eki ben - station bento (lunch)

 
1) shuu, 2) owari, 3) tsui - end, finish sw sai shuu - the final, last, closing
-  shuu sen - end of war
The last thread [ ] finishes the winter [ ] -  shuu den - the last train
sweater -  shuu ryou - end, termination

-  
1) ta, 2) ooi - many, much, frequent many  oosugiru - too much
-  ta bun - probably, maybe
Two katakana ta's [' ] are too many - p ta moku teki - multi purpose

-  
1) ki, 2) okiru, 3) okosu - get up, wake up
upk  haya oki - getting up early
- get  omoi okosu - to recall a memory
Running [ ] in the morning makes you wake
- t o ichi nen hokki - be resolved to ...
up

-  
1) oku, 2) ya - roof, house, shop ]  hon ya - book store
- bo shi bai go ya - playhouse, theater
A roof starts from ground [ ] up -  ya shiki - mansion

-  
r u -  ei sei hou sou - satellite broadcasting
1) sou, 2) okuru - send - s  nama hou sou - live broadcast
-  sou kin - sending money (through mail...)

-  
1027
hi s k  kirisuto kyou - Christianity
1) kyou, 2) oshieru - teach, faith, education
-  shuu kyou - religion
- r e yudaya kyou - Judaism
This kanji is part of your education!
-  kyou iku - education




-  
] l o itoko - cousin
1) dai, 2) tei, 3) otouto - younger brother
-  kyou dai - brothers
-  de shi - disciple, pupil
A lot of younger brothers like bows and arrows
- d mana deshi - favorite student, teacher's
[[ ]
pet




p  
1) dou, 2) onaji - same, agree, equal ]  dou i - agreement, same thought
- a dou on go - homonym
When everyone agrees they have one [ ] -  dou ki - same class, same period,
mouth [ ] contemporaries

c  
1) shu, 2) su, 3) nushi - Lord, master, principal
] e ji nushi - landlord
matter
-  jou shu - lord of a castle
- l  sou zou shu - Creator
The Lord is above a king [h]

-  
] [  i shi - intention, purpose
1) shi, 2) omou - think
- i  kata omoi - one sided love, unrequited
A lot of thinking can be done in one's heart [ ] love
l ov  ryou omoi - mutual love
in a rice patty [ ]
- m u omoi dasu - to recall, remember

-  
1) shin, 2) oya, 3) shitashii - parent, relative,
cl  chichi oya - father parent
familiar
-  haha oya - mother parent
-  ryou shin - parents
Becoming close to someone takes looking [ ]
-  oya yubi - thumb
closely at them
1127




2  
l o ike bana - flower arrangement
1) ka, 2) ke, 3) hana - flower
-  hi bana - a spark
-  hana bi - fireworks
Grass changes [ ] into a beautiful flower
-  hana mi - flower viewing (cherry blossoms)

-  
1) ka, 2) natsu - summer ] uy  natsu yasumi - summer vacation
- s  natsu matsuri - summer festival
Compare with winter fuyu [[ ] - su ka ki ji kan - daylight savings time

-  
1) ga, 2) kaku - picture
mo ei ga - a movie, film
-  kei kaku - plan, schedule, program
Many words pertaining to pictures, art, and
- p san sui ga - landscape picture
movies use this kanji

-  
1) kai - world ] ,  se kai - the world, society
- t  se kai ichi - the best in the world
The world is like one big rice field [h], isn't it? -  shi kai - field of vision, sight

-  
1) bai, 2) kau - buy
use kai mono - something to buy, shopping
A lot of money words also have shell kai [ ] as -  bai bai - selling & buying, trade
part of the kanji. A long time ago shells were -  kai nushi - the buyer, purchaser
used as money.

-  

1) ki, 2) kaeru - return, arrive at, come home t hi s o okaerinasai - Welcome home! Said
when someone comes home
whe kaeri michi - the way back home, the road
The first kanji of to clean souji [[ o] looks like home
this one. So coming home requires cleaning ho ki koku - return to home country

-  
1) dai - generation, price, 2) kawari, 3) kawaru uwa e do ji dai - Edo period (1603-1868)
1227
- substitute, exchange 4) yo - age, generation
l  ko dai - ancient days
-  juu dai - the teens, teenager, from 11-19
A lot of meaning packed in this small kanji

-  
1) gaku, 2) raku, 3) tanoshii - music, comfort,
ease co an raku - ease, comfort
-  on gaku - music
Sipping white [[ ] wine under a tree [[ ] is -  gakki - a musical instrument
comfortable

-  
1) fuu, 2) fu, 3) kaze- wind, air, style ai  kami kaze - divine wind, Kamikaze
-  tai fuu - typhoon
Many insects [[ ] fly in the air - t  nihon fuu - Japanese style

-  
1) tai, 2) kasu - lend par  kane kashi - money lending
-  kashi ya - a house for rent
Many money related kanji have shell kai [ ] as - a hous e f  chotto kashite kudasai - Let me
part of the kanji borrow ___ for a sec

b  
1) hou - direction, 2) kata person, way of di  anata - you (usually written in hiragana)
( us  tsukai kata - how to use (something)
It looks like a person running in direction -  mi kata - view point, way of looking

-  
1) shi, 2) kami - paper ]  te gami - letter (postal)
- l  ori gami - origami, paper folding
Paper is made of threads [ ] of wood -  wa shi - Japanese paper




-  
t r  fu tsuu - common, generally, ordinary
1) tsuu, 2) tooru, 3) toori- go through, avenue,
-  toori (or doori) - street, avenue
traffic
-  tuu yaku - translate, interprete

-  
1) tai, 2) karada, 3) katachi - body, object -  ki tai - gas, vapour
1327
] [ o gu tai teki - concretely, tangible
The left part means person [ ] and the right is
- co karada ga yowai - body is weak
book [ ]

-  
1) shaku, 2) kariru - borrow, rent ] [ y  kari mono - borrowed thing
-  shakkin - debt, loan
A person borrows things during the day [ ] - d kari ie - house for rent

-  
1) kan, 2) han - China ha kan ji - Kanji, Chinese characters
-  kan bun - Chinese literature
China is across the ocean from Japan so it -  kan wa - Chinese character - Japanese
has the 3 marks to the left which mean water dictionary

d  
1) kan, 2) yakata - building, palace
par  ei ga kan - movie theater
- m sho kan - library
 to
A large building has a place to eat [ ] (the left
- l  sui zoku kan - aquarium
part is related to this kanji)

-  
1) gen, 2) gan, 3) moto - beginning, origin be moto moto - originally
-  mi moto - ID, a person's identity
It has two legs going back to the beginning -  ji gen - dimension




-  
1) kou, 2) kangaeru - think, consider , 3)
kangae - a thought kan kou ko gaku - archaeology
- ar  kangae naosu - to rethink, reconsider
A lot of thought must be put in to learning this - t o ii kangae - a good thought
kanji

-  
1) chaku, 2) jyaku, 3) kiru - to wear (clothes), ar  ama gi - rain wear
arrive -  uwa gi - a coat, jacket
-  tou chaku - to arrive
1427

This kanji has sheep hitsuji [[ ] in it. Perhaps
because of wool

b  
1) kyuu, 2) ku, 3) kiwameru - research, study
so ken kyuu - research
- r  ken kyuu kai - research society
The top is hole ana [ ] and the botom is 9 [] ]
-  kyuu mei - investigation
so you are researching the 9 hole.

-  
r u -  sugi saru - to pass
1) kyo, 2) ko, 3) saru - past, gone, leave -  ka ko - the past
- t h sute saru - to abandon (ship)

-  
1) kyou, 2) miyako, 3) kei - capital ]  tou kyou - Tokyo
-  pekin - Beijing, China
Both Tokyo [ot ] and Kyoto [] ] have this -  jou kyou - going to the capital (Tokyo)

-  
1) kyou, 2) gou, 3) tsuyoi- strong
p kyou teki - strong enemy, fierce enemy
-  ben kyou - study
The left part means bow yumi [ ] so it takes a
-  sai kyou - the strongest
strong person to put a bow




-  
-  ei gyou - business, trade
1) gyou, 2) gou, 3) waza - business, vocation -  karu waza - acrobatics
-  san gyou - industry

-  
1) setsu, 2) sai, 3) kiru - cut, cut off
t h shin setsu - kindness
- k  tsume kiri - (finger) nail clippers
Seven [e - shichi] swords []  - katana] cut better
- ( f  fumi kiri - railway crossing
than one

-  
1) kin, 2) kon, 3) chikai - near, early i  sai kin - recently
1527
27 kin ki - the Kinki area (Osaka, Kyoto,
Nara...)
Na chika goro - recently, lately
-  kin jo - neighborhood

-  
1) gin, 2) shirogane - silver ] i  kin gin - gold & silver
-  gin kou - bank
Silver is related to gold [i  - kin] -  jun gin - pure silver

-  
1) kou, 2) ku, 3) kuchi - mouth he de guchi - exit
-  kara kuchi - spicy taste
The opened mouth of a robot -  jin kou - population

-  
1) kou, 2) ku, 3) gu - craft, construction ap jin kou - manmade, artificial
-  dai ku - carpenter
Capital 'i' -  kou jou - factory




-  
1) koku, 2) kuro, 3) kuroi - black ]  an koku - darkness
-  shiro kuro - black and white
There is a village [h - sato] there - b makkuro - pitch black

-  
1) kei, 2) hakaru - plan, measure ] a kei kaku - plan, scheme
-  to kei - watch, clock
Planning and measuring takes talk [[ ] - w on do ke - thermometer

-  
1) ken, 2) togu - study of, sharpen ] s  ken kyuu - research
- r  ken kyuu sei - research student
Sharpen your study of rocks [  - ishi] -  ken shuu - training

-  
1627
t e ken koku - founding of a nation
1) ken, 2) kon, 3) tateru - build - f o ni kai date - a 2 story building
-  sai ken - rebuilding, reconstruction

-  
su shi ken - exam, test
1) ken, 2) tamesu, 3) - testing, examine, effect -  jikken - experiment
-  tai ken - (personal) experience

-  
1) ko, 2) furui - old gr a tsukai furusu - to wear out something
- t  kou ko gaku - archaeology
It looks like an old gravestone - a furu hon ya - used bookstore

-  
1) kou, 2) hiroi, 3) hiromeru - wide, broad a hiro ba - an opened space, plaza
-  kou koku - advertisement
There is a lot of space around this kanji -  kou hou - public relations, publicity

-  
kan ai koku shin - patriotism
1) shin, 2) kokoro - heart, mind
-  an shin - relief, peace of mind
- r e i shin den shin - telepathy
This is a very basic kanji found in many other
-  shita gokoro - hidden intentions, secret
kanjis relating to the heart or emotions
motive

m  
1) shi, 2) kokoromiru, 3) tamesu - test, try,
experiment an nyuu shi - entrance examination
- e ude dameshi - testing one's abilities (arm)
Saying words [a] during a ceremony [] ] makes - t e sotsu gyou shi ken - graduation test
an experiment

-  
1) tou, 2) kotaeru, 3) kotae - solution, answer
an mon dou - questions and answers
-  ou tou - reply, answer
The two parts at the top represent bamboo [ ]
-  kai tou - answer, solution
so using bamboo as a mic shout your answer

-  
1) ji, 2) zu, 3) koto - matter, thing, fact, bu shi goto - work
business -  dai ji - important
1727
27 ka ji - housework
-  ki ji - article (newspaper)

-  
1) ten - revolve, turn around ]  un ten - driving
-  i ten - transfer, moving
The wheels of a car [ ] turn around -  kai ten - revolution, rotate

-  
1) saku, 2) sa, 3) tsukuru - make, produce,
prepare pe sakka - author, writer
- a te zukuri - handmade
The mark to the left means a person [h] so a -  tou saku - plagiarism
person is making something

-  
1) cha, 2) sa - tea
r e o cha - Japanese tea, green tea
- J  u-ron cha - Oolong tea, Chinese tea
Tea is made from grass (leaves) which is
-  mugi cha - barley tea
represented by the top part of this kanji

-  
1) sou, 2) hayai - fast, early ]  haya kuchi - talk fast
- t  asa hayai - early morning
The sun [h] rises early -  sassoku - at once, immediately (irreg. sound)

(  
1) shi, 2) tomaru, 3) tomeru, 4) tome - stop
sa kin shi - prohibited, not allowed
- pr  tachi iri kin shi - keep off! dont come in
Think of a policeman standing on the road
-  chuu shi - suspension, interruption
saying, "stop"

-  
1) ji, 2) shi, 3) mizukara - oneself
] h doku ji - original, peculiar
-  ji ei - self-defense
Don't confuse this with eye [o - me], and
- se ji ga ji san - praising one's own work
white [w - shiro]

-  
1) shi, 2) ji, 3) tsukaeru - official, serve, attend ]  hou shi - service, attendance
- s  shi age - finished, end
A person [ ] serves -  shi goto - work
1827

2  
nu -  uchi ji ni - die in battle, die in action
1) shi, 2) shinu - death, die -  chi shi - lethal, fatal
-  hisshi - desperate, inevitable death, frantic




-  
1) shi, 2) hajimeru - begin
be kai shi - commencement, begin
- c  sue shi jyuu - forever
The woman [  - onna] on stage [  - dai]
- f or  hajimemashite - nice to meet you
began

-  
i -  ten shi - angel
1) shi, 2) tsukau, 3) tsukai- use -  tai shi - ambassador
- am b tsukai yasui - easy to use

-  
1) shi, 2) watashi, 3) watakushi - I, me, private
p watashi / watakushi - I || more...
m  shi sho bako - post office box
or
This one's useful when talking to oneself (and
-  shi ji - personal affairs
others) see also pronouns

-  
- g igoko chi - comfort
- co u chuu ki chi - space station
1) chi, 2) ji - ground, earth
- s  gen zai chi - you are here on a map,
present location

p  
t er  ki mochi - feeling, mood
1) ji, 2) motsu, 3) moteru - hold, have - f e okane mochi - rich man
- r  chikara mochi - strong man

-  
1) shitsu - quality, matter, substance ]  shitsu mon - question
-  hin shitsu - quality
The bottom has the kanji for shell [h - kai] -  jisshitsu - substance, essence
1927




2  
1) shitsu, 2) muro - room, chamber r o misshitsu - hidden room
-  kyou shitsu - classroom
The top part is a roof -  on shitsu - greenhouse

-  
1) hin, 2) shina - goods, article, elegance,
dignity di g kuruma you hin - car parts
-  ge hin - vulgar, indecent
The three mouths [h - kuchi] are eating the - v  ke shou hin - cosmetics
goods with dignity

-  
-  sha kai - society
1) sha, 2) yashiro - company, firm, office -  kai sha - office, company
- o shuppan sha - publisher

-  
1) sha, 2) mono - someone, person
i  i sha - medical doctor
-  gaku sha - a scholar
The sun [  - hi] is needed to make out just
-  gei sha - Geisha, woman performer
who that someone is

-  
1) shu, 2) zu, 3) te - hand sa kara te - Karate
-  heta - not good at, poor at
After several years of looking at this kanji, I -  jou zu - good at, excells at
still don't see the hand the ancient Chinese
-  te gami - letter (postal)
saw!

-  
1) shuu - week r ea isshuu kan - one week
-  sen shuu - last week
This is one of those rare kanji with just one -  rai shuu - next week
reading and meaning -  shuu matsu - weekend
2027




2  
1) shuu, 2) ju, 3) narau - learn
] s ren shuu - practice
-  ji shuu - self study
The top is feather or wing [[  - hane] and the
-  fuku shuu - review, study again
bottom is white [  - shiro]

-  
]  juu sho - (mailing) address
1) juu, 2) chuu, 3) sumu - live, reside, dwell
- (  i shoku juu - necessities of life, clothing,
food, and housing
You are the lord [  - shu] of the house
f o i juu - migration

-  
1) shun, 2) haru - spring (season) ] r  haru yasumi - spring break
-  sho shun - early spring
The season where the sun [h - hi] returns -  sei shun - youth

-  
1) sei, 2) shou, 3) tadashii - correct, justice,
right r i  sei kai - correct
-  kai sei - revisement, amendment
If you stop [ ] and think about it you will get it -  shou gatsu - the New Year
right

-  
1) shou, 2) sukunai , 3) sukoshi - few, little ] l l i s [  shou shou omachi kudasai - Please
wait a moment
Small is [m] wa shou nen - youth, boy

-  
1) jou, 2) chou, 3) ba - location, place ]  ba sho - a place, area
- a  suki- jou - ski area
The bit on the left [h] means ground - s  chuu sha jou - parking lot




-  
2127
1) chi, 2) shiru - to know, wisdom
]  chi e - wisdom
-  chi ji - governor
To the left [o - ya] means arrow and to the
-  koku chi - announcement, notice
right [r  - kuchi] is a mouth.

-  
1) shin, 2) ma, 3) makoto - true, reality
] e sha shin - photograph
- p makkura - pitch black
This kanji has a ten [[  - juu] over an eye [[  -
-  makotoni - really, truely
me]

-  
1) zu, 2) to, 3) e, 4) hakaru - map, drawing,
plan, unexpected t h chi zu - map
-  ai zu - sign, signal
Think of it as a treasure map where X marks -  i to - intention, aim
the spot

-  
-  se kai - the world
1) sei, 2) se, 3) yo - generation, world, society -  sei ki - century
-  jin sei - life

-  
1) seki, 2) yuu - evening hi  yuu gata - evening
- e yuu yake - sunset
Think of it as the moon in the evening sky -  yuu shoku - dinner

-  
1) sou, 2) hashiru - run
r a kyou sou - race
-  dassou - escape, desertion
It looks like a runner getting ready to start the - es  nige hashiru - to run away
race




-  
1) zoku - tribe, family
f a min zoku - tribe
-  ka zoku - family
There is a person [[  - kata] with an arrow [[  -
- f  kaku ka zoku - nuclear family
ya] finding food for his tribe and family
2227

2  
1) chuu, 2) sosogu, 3) sasu- pour, flow into,
concentrate on an chuu i - caution, warning
-  chuu mon - order (restaurant...)
The marks on the left indicate water (pouring) -  chuu sha - injection, a shot
and the right means "lord"

-  
1) den, 2) ta - rice field hi  yu den - oil field
- o ta ue - rice planting
Think of 4 square rice fields together -  inaka - the country (irreg. pron)

(  
1) dai, 2) tai - stand, stage, pedestal
t a bu tai - stage
-  tai fuu - taiphoon
It looks like someone sitting on a box and -  dai dokoro - kitchen
talking into a mic

-  
1) tai, 2) matsu - wait, depend on ] [ m ai  matte kudasai - please wait a sec
ur
-  ki tai - expectations, hopes
Don't confuse with samurai [ ] -  shou tai - invitation

-  
-  shuku dai - homework
1) dai - topic, subject -  wa dai - topic, subject
-  mon dai - problem




-  
t i  ichi do - one time, once
1) do, 2) to, 3) taku, 4) tabi - degree, time,
-  on do - temperature
times occurred
-  kon do - next time

-  
1) ritsu, 2) ryuu, 3) tatsu - to stand st  ken ritsu - prefectural
-  doku ritsu - independence
Think of a person in the act of standing up -  hi tachi - Hitachi company
2327

2  
1) ryo, 2) tabi - trip, travel t r  ryo kou - trip
-  tabi bito - a traveller
A person [p] packing his bag for a trip -  ryo ken - passport

-  
1) ryoku, 2) riki, 3) chikara - power, strength,
] yu chikara mochi - strong person
exertion
-  nou ryoku - ability
-  kyou ryoku - cooperation
Don't confuse it with nine [o - kyuu]

-  
1) chuu, 2) hiru - noon, daytime no hiru ne - a nap
-  chuu shoku - lunch, noonmeal
The sun [h - hi] is in the middle at noon - l  hiru yasumi - lunch break, noon break

-  
1) chou, 2) machi - town, village
f i  minato machi - port city
-  chou min - townspeople
Think of a small town with a T shaped road
-  chou kai - town council
leading to a rice field




-  
hi n yaki tori - grilled chicken
1) chou, 2) tori - bird
- gr  isseki ni chou - one stone, two birds - to
kill 2 birds with one stone
Think of a bird in its nest
ki  ko tori - a small bird

-  
-  kai ten - the opening of a shop
1) ten, 2) mise - store, shop - t  kissaten - coffee shop
-  ten in - attendant, clerk of the store

-  
1) mon, 2) tou - question, ask, problem u  mon dai - problem
2427
] [  shitsu mon - question
Compare with gate mon [ ] -  gi mon - question, doubt, problem

-  
1) tou, 2) fuyu - winter hi  tou min - hibernation, winter sleep
- h fuyu yasumi - winter vacation
Think of a cloud dropping two snow flakes -  tou ki - winter season

-  
cour  ma gari michi - a winding road
1) dou, 2) tou, 3) michi - way, road, street,
- a kaeri michi - the way home
course
-  kata michi - a one way (trip)

-  
-  nin ten dou - Nintendo video game
company
1) dou - hall
com shoku dou sha - dining car
-  shoku dou - lunch room, cafeteria




-  
1) toku - special
] a toku betsu - special
-  toku ni - especially, particularly
This is a very special kanji so don't confuse it
-  toku gi - special skill
with 'to wait' [w - matsu]

-  
1) niku - meat
] c hi niku - irony, ironic
Two people [w - hito] are walking into a -  gyuu niku - beef
restaurant for meat. Don't confuse with [r  - -  kin niku - muscle
uchi]

-  
1) ya, 2) sho, 3) no - plains, field
f i  ara no - wasteland, wilderness
-  ya kyuu - baseball
On the other side of a village [  - sato] there
- b nagano ken - Nagano prefecture
is a field
2527

2  
1) hatsu, 2) abaku, 3) tatsu - depart, start from, t  shuppatsu - depart, leave
to happen -  baku hatsu - explosion
-  hakken - discovery
Think of it as a rocket launching to the stars -  hatsu mei - invention

-  
1) han, 2) meshi - meal, cooked rice
] h go han - rice, meal
- r  asa go han - breakfast
The left part is from the kanji to eat [h -
- b sui han ki - rice cooker
shoku]

-  
mu byou ki - sick
1) byou, 2) yamai, 3) yamu - ill, sick -  byou in - hospital
-  kyuu byou - sudden illness




-  
1) fu, 2) bu - non-, negative, bad hi s  fu ka nou - impossible
-  fu an - uneasy, unsure
This is useful for negating the following kanji - u fu kou hei - unfairness, injustice

-  
1) fuku - clothing, obey cl  you fuku - western style clothes
-  i fuku - clothes
Obey me and wear moon [  - getsu] clothing -  fuku juu - obedience

-  
1) butsu, 2) motsu, 3) mono - thing, matter,
object ]  shoku butsu - plant life
-  mono gatari - story, legend
This mono pertains to non human objects. The - s  tabe mono - something to eat
other mono [o] is for people

-  
1) bun, 2) mon, 3) fumi, 4) aya - sentence, l i  bun mei - civilization
literature -  bun ka - culture
-  bun gu - stationery
2627

Someone crossing his legs and reading a bo bun shou - a sentence
book

-  
1) betsu, 2) wakareru, 3) wakeru - separate,
another, specially ka bessou - a second house
-  toku betsu - special
The bottom left part is from the kanji for sword -  betsu ni - it's not that important, not
[[  - katana] and it thus separates it from other particularly
kanji

p  
1) ben, 2) tsutomeru - exertion ]  ben kyou - study
- s  fu ben kyou - idleness
It takes power [t  - chikara] to exert oneself - i  ben kyou chuu - in the midst of studying

-  
1) moku, 2) boku, 3) me - eye hi nk  hito me bore - love at first sight
-  moku teki - purpose, goal
Think of a monster with three vertical eyes -  hidari me - left eye

-  
1) you, 2) mochiiru - use, service, business m i  shi you - use
-  you shi - paper, form
This is the moon [h - tsuki] with a line in the -  you i - prepare
middle - p you jin bou - body gaurd

-  
- n yo nige - flight in the night, fleeing in the
night
1) ya, 2) yo, 3) yoru - night, evening
ni  kon ya - this evening
-  ya kan - night, night time

-  
1) you - weekday hi s  nan you bi - what day of the week?
- w kin you bi - Friday
This is found in all 7 days of the week - F do you bi - Saturday

-  
1) you - the West, western style, ocean -  you fuku - western style clothing
-  you shoku - western (foreign) food
2727

The left means water and the right means ]  you ga - foreign painting
sheep [  - hitsuji]

-  
1) ri - logic, reason, truth
t h ri yuu - reason, cause
-  mu ri - impossible, unreasonable
Logic is found in the villages [  - sato] not in
-  ri ka - science
the cities




-  
1) ryou - fee, materials
f o ryou kin - a charge, a fee
-  ryou ri - cooking, dish
The part to the left means 'rice' [h - kome]
-  in ryou - a drink (written word)
Rice is an essential material to pay for
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