Tài liệu học tiếng nhật

Chia sẻ: valentine1708

Tài liệu học ngữ pháp tiếng nhật song ngữ nhật_anh. Tiếng Nhật Bản, hay tiếng Nhật, (tiếng Nhật: 日本語, Nihongo (trợ giúp·chi tiết), Nhật Bản ngữ) là một ngôn ngữ được hơn 130 triệu người sử dụng ở Nhật Bản và những cộng đồng dân di cư Nhật Bản khắp thế giới. Nó là một ngôn ngữ chắp dính (khác biệt với tiếng Việt vốn thuộc vào loại ngôn ngữ đơn lập phân tích cao) và nổi bật với một hệ thống các nghi thức nghiêm ngặt và rành mạch, đặc biệt là hệ thống kính ngữ phức...

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Nội dung Text: Tài liệu học tiếng nhật

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漢字.

1) kai, 2) e - meeting, 3) a(u) - to meet 英会話 ei kai wa - English conversation [only kai wa
means any conversation]
Think of the kanji as a person sitting at a desk 会議 kai gi - meeting, conference
under a roof. Most meetings take place in a house 教会 kyou kai - church
with desks, ne.
331



1) sei, 2) shou, 3) ao(i) - blue (sometimes green)
青空 ao zora - blue sky
青森県 ao mori ken - Aomori Prefecture
Blue moon! You saw me standing alone. I saw you 青色 ao iro - blue color
standing at the bottom part of this kanji.

It becomes aoi (add the i) when placed with a noun
--> aoi ahiru - a blue duck. (strange example but you
get the drift, right?)




1) seki, 2) shaku, 3) aka(i) - red 赤ちゃん aka chan - a child, infant
赤道 seki dou - the equator
This kanji has done something embarrassing and is 赤字 aka ji - red ink, in the red, a deficit
running away with it's face turned red (see the
arms and legs running?)



1) mei, 2) myou, 3) aka(rui) - light, bright, to dawn 明るい akarui - bright, cheerful
発明 hatsu mei - invention
In the sky the 2 brightest objects are the sun (left) 説明 setsu mei - explanation
and the moon (right)



1) shuu, 2) aki - fall (the season), autumn 秋分の日 shuu bun no hi - autumn equinox
holiday [see more on holidays]
In the fall, many people burn leaves and things 秋風 aki kaze - autumn breeze
with fire (right part)



1) kuu, 2) kara, 3) sora - sky, air, empty 空手 kara te - karate [lit. empty hand]
空気 kuu ki - air, atmosphere
Think of a karate expert jumping in the air to break 空港 kuu kou - airport
a board in two 空 sora - sky



1) kai, 2) hira(ku), 3) a(keru) - to open
ドアを開ける doa o akeru - open a door
431
Maybe you will recognize mon (gate) [門] I think 全開 zen kai - full throttle, fully open
of a man (in the middle) opening a large gate door
by pushing with both arms
Be careful to not confuse open with close [ 閉 ] I think of
close as a man kicking the door closed




1) aku, 2) waru(i) - bad, evil 悪者 warui mono - a bad fellow, someone
(something) bad
It looks like an anvil or some heavy object on top 最悪 sai aku - the worst
of a heart [心] When you do something bad, your 悪魔 aku ma - devil, demon
conscience (should) weigh heavy on your heart



1) chou, 2) asa - morning 朝日新聞 asahi shinbun - Asahi newspaper
今朝 ke sa - this morning [irregular pronunciation]
毎朝 mai asa - every morning
朝御飯 asa go han - breakfast [lit. morning rice]



1) ji, 2) aza - letter (from the alphabet...), character, 文字 mo ji – letter
mark 赤十字 aka juu ji - Red Cross [ juu ji is cross]
漢字 kan ji - kanji, [lit. Chinese character]
Think of a young child learning his alphabet under
a roof





1) soku, 2) ashi - foot, feet, leg, 3) ta(riru) - to be 両足 ryou ashi - both legs (both feet)
enough sufficient 右足 migi ashi - right foot, leg
満足 man zoku - satisfaction
A person doing a split with his legs
When you say, 'ashi' it means both leg and foot. Japanese
doesn't distinguish where one starts and the other stops




531
1 ) m i , 2 ) a j i - t a s t e , e x p e r i e n c e 味見 aji mi - try the taste, have a t
意味 i mi - meaning
Of course the kanji that deals with tastes has a kuchi (mouth) in shu mi - hobby
趣味 it [



1) shin, 2) atara(shii) - new, fresh

Try to begin to look at kanji and get a feel for their 新しい車 atarashii kuruma - a new car
meaning. I know it sounds strange, but as you 新聞 shin bun - newspaper
progress you should be able to automatically catch 新年 shin nen - new year
its meaning at a glance. Look at this kanji and
think of something new



1) shuu, 2) atsu(meru) - to collect, gather 編集 hen shuu - editing (newspaper, book...)
集める atsumeru - to collect, to gather something
This is a collection of lines 集会 shuu kai - assembly, group



1) kei, 2) kyou, 3) ani - older brother
お兄さん o nii san - big brother (honorific - it
changes from 'ani' to 'onii'
Think of a loud older brother with only a big
兄弟 kyou dai - brothers
mouth and 2 legs





1) shi, 2) ane -older sister
お姉さん o nee san - big sister (honorific -
changes from 'ane' to 'onee'
This kanji is made of 2 parts: onna (woman) [女]
姉さん nee san - girl, older girl
and city or market [市] - Maybe you can think of a
姉妹 shi mai - sisters
connection, I can't.



1) ho, 2) bu, 3) ayu(mu) 4) aru(ku) - to walk, to 一歩一歩 ippo ippo - one step at a time, step by
631
step step
散歩 san po - a walk, stroll
The top part is to stop [止] and the bottom means a 第一歩 dai ippo - the first step
little [少] So when you walk a long distance you
have to stop a little too



有り難う arigatou - arigatou, thank you [set
1) yuu, 2) u, 3) a(ru) - to have, to exist, is
expression]
公有地 kou yuu chi - public land
There is a moon
有名 yuu mei - famous



1) an - safe, peaceful , 2) yasu(i) - cheap,
inexpensive, 安心 an shin - peace of mind
安いもの yasui mono - something cheap
Remember this kanji has two different meanings: 安全 an zen - safe, safety
1) safe and 2) cheap



医者 i sha - doctor
1) i - to heal, to cure
医院 i in - clinic



1) i - mind, heart, attention
意味 i mi - meaning
When you stand [立] you are at attention; When it 注意 chuu i - warning, caution, be careful
用意 you i - preparation, prepare
is day [日] you are awake and attentive; and your
意見 i ken - opinion, view
heart [心] is mindful



1) i - more, with, through, on account of
以下 i ka - below, less than, under
以上 i jou - more than, over, this is all
This one doesn't seem to have a concrete meaning,
but is used with other kanjis 以心伝心 i shin den shin - telepathy, mind reading



731
1) gen, 2) gon - speech, statement 3) iu - to say 4)
koto - word, expression
言葉 koto ba - word, language
Sound waves coming from a mouth.
独り言 hitori goto - soliloquy, talking to yourself
A lot of 'word' related kanji have this character as 方言 hou gen - dialect
part of the kanji - 日記 nikki (diary); 詩 shi
(poem); 話 hanashi (a story)



1) ka, 2) ke, 3) ya, 4) ie - house 家族 ka zoku - family
作家 sakka - writer, novelist, author
Think of the top part as a roof 愛猫家 ai byou ka - lover of cats



救急車 kyuu kyuu sha - ambulance
1) kyuu, 2) isogu - to hurry
特急 tokkyuu - limited express train
When you hurry your heart beats faster オリエント急行 oriento kyuu kou - Orient
Express



1) ken, 2) inu - dog 小犬 ko inu - puppy
番犬 ban ken - watch dog
A dog is man's [人] big, [大] best friend 愛犬家 ai ken ka - lover of dogs





1) mai, 2) imouto - younger sister
姉妹 shi mai - sisters (elder & younger)
Japanese makes a distinction between younger and 従姉妹 itoko - cousin (female)
姉妹都市 shi mai to shi - sister cities
older [姉 ane] sisters and brothers



831
1) shiki, 2) shoku, 3) iro - color 青色 ao iro - blue
黄色 ki iro - yellow
Some color names have this kanji with it (see 十人十色 juu nin to iro - 10 people 10 colors,
examples) different strokes for different folks



1) on, 2) in, 3) ne, 4) oto - sound
音楽 on gaku - music
発音 hatsu on - pronunciation
Sound is standing [立] on the sun [日] - don't
福音 fuku in - the Gospel, good news
confuse it with [意] i (heart, attention)



1) in - member, official 委員 i in - committee member
会員 kai in - member, membership
An official is just a shell [貝] with a mouth [口] 社員 sha in - company employee



1) in - institution, academy
病院 byou in - hospital
医院 i in - (doctor's) clinic
This one is used for buildings and institutions (see
examples) 大学院 dai gaku in - graduate school



1) in, 2) nomu - to drink
飲み物 nomi mono - something to drink, a drink
'To drink' is similar to 'to eat' [食] - looks like a 飲み水 nomi mizu - drinking water
man on the right leaning on a bar having a drink 飲み放題 nomi hou dai - all you can drink
[By Dean]



1) gyo, 2) uo, 3) sakana - fish 人魚 nin gyo - mermaid
金魚 kin gyo - goldfish
Think of the bottom lines as being water 飛魚 tobi uo - flying fish



1) dou, 2) ugoku - to move 運動 un dou - exercise, movement
動物 dou butsu - animals
931
Heavy [重] + power [力] = to move 感動 kan dou - deeply impressed, moved, touched



1) gyuu, 2) ushi - cow, bull 牛乳 gyuu nyuu - milk
牛肉 gyuu niku - beef, cow meat
Don't confuse this with [午] go (noon) 牛 ushi - cow



1) ka, 2) uta - a song 3) utau - to sing 国歌 kokka - national anthem
歌詞 ka shi - lyrics, words to music
This has a distinctive shape. Think of several 歌舞伎 ka bu ki - Kabuki, Japanese play
mouths singing songs 短歌 tan ka - Tanka, 31 syllable Japanese poem



1) sha, 2) utsusu - to copy, take (a photo)
写真 sha shin - photograph
写真家 sha shin ka - photographer
It looks like a 5 but it is only a copy of a
photograph 写生 sha sei - sketching, drawing from life



1) ei, 2) utsuru - to be reflected, 3) utsusu - to
project on a screen, reflect 映画 ei ga - movie
映画館 eiga kan - the movies, cinema
Reflected light comes from the center [央] of the 放映 hou ei - televising
sun [日]





1) kai, 2) umi - sea, ocean 日本海 nihon kai - Japan Sea
北海道 hokkaidou - Hokkaido, the most northern
The 3 little marks to the left mean water and [毎] big island of Japan
is 'every.' So every water comes from the ocean. 海岸 kai gan - beach, coast



1031
1) bai, 2) uri - sale 3) uru - to sell 発売 hatsu bai - new product for sale, sale
売り物 uri mono - something for sell
It is interesting in that 'to buy' also has the reading 売買 bai bai - selling & buying
'bai'



1) un - luck, 2) hakobu - to carry 運河 un ga - canal
運命 un mei - fate, destiny
In the army [軍], people have to carry many things 安全運転 an zen un ten - safe driving



1) juu, 2) chou, 3) omoi - heavy
貴重 ki chou - precious, valuable
重ね着 kasane gi - wearing clothes over clothes
This is a heavy village [里] because it has 1000
重点 juu ten - important point, to stress something
[千] people over it



石英 seki ei - quartz
1) ei, 2) hanabusa, 3) - England, English, grand
英会話 ei kai wa - English conversation
There is a lot of grass in the center [央] of England 英訳 ei yaku - English translation
英雄的 ei yuu teki - heroic



1) eki - station (train) 駅前 eki mae - in front of a station
駅員 eki in - station attendant
A lot of horses [馬] R at the station 駅弁 eki ben - station bento (lunch)



1) shuu, 2) owari, 3) tsui - end, finish 最終 sai shuu - the final, last, closing
終戦 shuu sen - end of war
The last thread [糸] finishes the winter [冬] 終電 shuu den - the last train
sweater 終了 shuu ryou - end, termination



1) ta, 2) ooi - many, much, frequent 多すぎる oosugiru - too much
多分 ta bun - probably, maybe
Two katakana ta's [タ] are too many 多目的 ta moku teki - multi purpose
1131



1) ki, 2) okiru, 3) okosu - get up, wake up 早起き haya oki - getting up early
思い起こす omoi okosu - to recall a memory
Running [走] in the morning makes you wake up 一念発起 ichi nen hokki - be resolved to ...



1) oku, 2) ya - roof, house, shop 本屋 hon ya - book store
芝居小屋 shi bai go ya - playhouse, theater
A roof starts from ground [土] up 屋敷 ya shiki - mansion



衛星放送 ei sei hou sou - satellite broadcasting
1) sou, 2) okuru - send 生放送 nama hou sou - live broadcast
送金 sou kin - sending money (through mail...)



キリスト教 kirisuto kyou - Christianity
1) kyou, 2) oshieru - teach, faith, education
宗教 shuu kyou - religion
ユダヤ教 yudaya kyou - Judaism
This kanji is part of your education!
教育 kyou iku - education





1) dai, 2) tei, 3) otouto - younger brother 従兄弟 itoko - cousin
兄弟 kyou dai - brothers
A lot of younger brothers like bows and arrows 弟子 de shi - disciple, pupil
[弓] 愛弟子 mana deshi - favorite student, teacher's pet





1) dou, 2) onaji - same, agree, equal 同意 dou i - agreement, same thought
同音語 dou on go - homonym
1231
When everyone agrees they have one [一] mouth 同期 dou ki - same class, same period,
[口] contemporaries



1) shu, 2) su, 3) nushi - Lord, master, principal
地主 ji nushi - landlord
matter
城主 jou shu - lord of a castle
The Lord is above a king [王] 創造主 sou zou shu - Creator



1) shi, 2) omou - think 意思 i shi - intention, purpose
片思い kata omoi - one sided love, unrequited love
A lot of thinking can be done in one's heart [心] in 両思い ryou omoi - mutual love
a rice patty [田] 思い出す omoi dasu - to recall, remember



1) shin, 2) oya, 3) shitashii - parent, relative, 父親 chichi oya - father parent
familiar
母親 haha oya - mother parent
両親 ryou shin - parents
Becoming close to someone takes looking [見]
closely at them 親指 oya yubi - thumb





生け花 ike bana - flower arrangement
1) ka, 2) ke, 3) hana - flower
火花 hi bana - a spark
花火 hana bi - fireworks
Grass changes [化] into a beautiful flower
花見 hana mi - flower viewing (cherry blossoms)



1) ka, 2) natsu - summer 夏休み natsu yasumi - summer vacation
夏祭り natsu matsuri - summer festival
Compare with winter fuyu [冬] 夏期時間 ka ki ji kan - daylight savings time



1331
1) ga, 2) kaku - picture
映画 ei ga - a movie, film
計画 kei kaku - plan, schedule, program
Many words pertaining to pictures, art, and movies
use this kanji 山水画 san sui ga - landscape picture



1) kai - world 世界 se kai - the world, society
世界一 se kai ichi - the best in the world
The world is like one big rice field [田], isn't it? 視界 shi kai - field of vision, sight



1) bai, 2) kau - buy
買い物 kai mono - something to buy, shopping
A lot of money words also have shell kai [貝] as 売買 bai bai - selling & buying, trade
part of the kanji. A long time ago shells were used 買主 kai nushi - the buyer, purchaser
as money.



1) ki, 2) kaeru - return, arrive at, come home お帰りなさい okaerinasai - Welcome home! Said
when someone comes home
帰り道 kaeri michi - the way back home, the road
The first kanji of to clean souji [掃除] looks like home
this one. So coming home requires cleaning
帰国 ki koku - return to home country



1) dai - generation, price, 2) kawari, 3) kawaru -
江戸時代 e do ji dai - Edo period (1603-1868)
substitute, exchange 4) yo - age, generation
古代 ko dai - ancient days
A lot of meaning packed in this small kanji 十代 juu dai - the teens, teenager, from 11-19



1) gaku, 2) raku, 3) tanoshii - music, comfort, ease
安楽 an raku - ease, comfort
音楽 on gaku - music
Sipping white [白] wine under a tree [木] is
楽器 gakki - a musical instrument
comfortable



1431
1) fuu, 2) fu, 3) kaze- wind, air, style 神風 kami kaze - divine wind, Kamikaze
台風 tai fuu - typhoon
Many insects [虫] fly in the air 日本風 nihon fuu - Japanese style



1) tai, 2) kasu - lend 金貸し kane kashi - money lending
貸家 kashi ya - a house for rent
Many money related kanji have shell kai [貝] as ちょっと貸してください chotto kashite kudasai
part of the kanji - Let me borrow ___ for a sec



1) hou - direction, 2) kata person, way of 貴方 anata - you (usually written in hiragana)
使い方 tsukai kata - how to use (something)
It looks like a person running in direction 見方 mi kata - view point, way of looking



1) shi, 2) kami - paper 手紙 te gami - letter (postal)
折り紙 ori gami - origami, paper folding
Paper is made of threads [糸] of wood 和紙 wa shi - Japanese paper





普通 fu tsuu - common, generally, ordinary
1) tsuu, 2) tooru, 3) toori- go through, avenue,
通り toori (or doori) - street, avenue
traffic
通訳 tuu yaku - translate, interprete



1) tai, 2) karada, 3) katachi - body, object
気体 ki tai - gas, vapour
具体的 gu tai teki - concretely, tangible
The left part means person [人] and the right is
体が弱い karada ga yowai - body is weak
book [本]



1) shaku, 2) kariru - borrow, rent 借り物 kari mono - borrowed thing
借金 shakkin - debt, loan
1531
A person borrows things during the day [日] 借り家 kari ie - house for rent



1) kan, 2) han - China 漢字 kan ji - Kanji, Chinese characters
漢文 kan bun - Chinese literature
China is across the ocean from Japan so it has the 漢和 kan wa - Chinese character - Japanese
3 marks to the left which mean water dictionary



1) kan, 2) yakata - building, palace
映画館 ei ga kan - movie theater
図書館 to sho kan - library
A large building has a place to eat [食] (the left
水族館 sui zoku kan - aquarium
part is related to this kanji)



1) gen, 2) gan, 3) moto - beginning, origin 元々 moto moto - originally
身元 mi moto - ID, a person's identity
It has two legs going back to the beginning 次元 ji gen - dimension





1) kou, 2) kangaeru - think, consider , 3) kangae - a
thought 考古学 kou ko gaku - archaeology
考え直す kangae naosu - to rethink, reconsider
A lot of thought must be put in to learning this いい考え ii kangae - a good thought
kanji



1) chaku, 2) jyaku, 3) kiru - to wear (clothes),
arrive 雨着 ama gi - rain wear
上着 uwa gi - a coat, jacket
This kanji has sheep hitsuji [羊] in it. Perhaps 到着 tou chaku - to arrive
because of wool
1631



1) kyuu, 2) ku, 3) kiwameru - research, study
研究 ken kyuu - research
研究会 ken kyuu kai - research society
The top is hole ana [穴] and the botom is 9 [九] so
究明 kyuu mei - investigation
you are researching the 9 hole.



過ぎ去る sugi saru - to pass
1) kyo, 2) ko, 3) saru - past, gone, leave 過去 ka ko - the past
捨て去る sute saru - to abandon (ship)



1) kyou, 2) miyako, 3) kei - capital 東京 tou kyou - Tokyo
北京 pekin - Beijing, China
Both Tokyo [東京] and Kyoto [京都] have this 上京 jou kyou - going to the capital (Tokyo)



1) kyou, 2) gou, 3) tsuyoi- strong
強敵 kyou teki - strong enemy, fierce enemy
勉強 ben kyou - study
The left part means bow yumi [弓] so it takes a
最強 sai kyou - the strongest
strong person to put a bow





営業 ei gyou - business, trade
1) gyou, 2) gou, 3) waza - business, vocation 軽業 karu waza - acrobatics
産業 san gyou - industry



1) setsu, 2) sai, 3) kiru - cut, cut off
親切 shin setsu - kindness
爪切り tsume kiri - (finger) nail clippers
Seven [七 - shichi] swords [刀 - katana] cut better
踏み切り fumi kiri - railway crossing
than one
1731



最近 sai kin - recently
近畿 kin ki - the Kinki area (Osaka, Kyoto, Nara...)
1) kin, 2) kon, 3) chikai - near, early
近頃 chika goro - recently, lately
近所 kin jo - neighborhood



1) gin, 2) shirogane - silver 金銀 kin gin - gold & silver
銀行 gin kou - bank
Silver is related to gold [金 - kin] 純銀 jun gin - pure silver



1) kou, 2) ku, 3) kuchi - mouth 出口 de guchi - exit
辛口 kara kuchi - spicy taste
The opened mouth of a robot 人口 jin kou - population



1) kou, 2) ku, 3) gu - craft, construction 人工 jin kou - manmade, artificial
大工 dai ku - carpenter
Capital 'i' 工場 kou jou - factory





1) koku, 2) kuro, 3) kuroi - black 暗黒 an koku - darkness
白黒 shiro kuro - black and white
There is a village [里 - sato] there 真っ黒 makkuro - pitch black



1) kei, 2) hakaru - plan, measure 計画 kei kaku - plan, scheme
時計 to kei - watch, clock
Planning and measuring takes talk [言] 温度計 on do ke - thermometer
1831



1) ken, 2) togu - study of, sharpen 研究 ken kyuu - research
研究生 ken kyuu sei - research student
Sharpen your study of rocks [石 - ishi] 研修 ken shuu - training



建国 ken koku - founding of a nation
1) ken, 2) kon, 3) tateru - build 二階建て ni kai date - a 2 story building
再建 sai ken - rebuilding, reconstruction



試験 shi ken - exam, test
1) ken, 2) tamesu, 3) - testing, examine, effect 実験 jikken - experiment
体験 tai ken - (personal) experience



1) ko, 2) furui - old 使い古す tsukai furusu - to wear out something
考古学 kou ko gaku - archaeology
It looks like an old gravestone 古本屋 furu hon ya - used bookstore



1) kou, 2) hiroi, 3) hiromeru - wide, broad 広場 hiro ba - an opened space, plaza
広告 kou koku - advertisement
There is a lot of space around this kanji 広報 kou hou - public relations, publicity



愛国心 ai koku shin - patriotism
1) shin, 2) kokoro - heart, mind
安心 an shin - relief, peace of mind
以心伝心 i shin den shin - telepathy
This is a very basic kanji found in many other
kanjis relating to the heart or emotions 下心 shita gokoro - hidden intentions, secret
motive



1) shi, 2) kokoromiru, 3) tamesu - test, try, 入試 nyuu shi - entrance examination
1931
experiment 腕試し ude dameshi - testing one's abilities (arm)
卒業試験 sotsu gyou shi ken - graduation test
Saying words [言] during a ceremony [式] makes
an experiment



1) tou, 2) kotaeru, 3) kotae - solution, answer
問答 mon dou - questions and answers
応答 ou tou - reply, answer
The two parts at the top represent bamboo [竹] so
解答 kai tou - answer, solution
using bamboo as a mic shout your answer



仕事 shi goto - work
大事 dai ji - important
1) ji, 2) zu, 3) koto - matter, thing, fact, business
家事 ka ji - housework
記事 ki ji - article (newspaper)



1) ten - revolve, turn around 運転 un ten - driving
移転 i ten - transfer, moving
The wheels of a car [車] turn around 回転 kai ten - revolution, rotate



1) saku, 2) sa, 3) tsukuru - make, produce, prepare
作家 sakka - author, writer
手作り te zukuri - handmade
The mark to the left means a person [人] so a
person is making something 盗作 tou saku - plagiarism



1) cha, 2) sa - tea
お茶 o cha - Japanese tea, green tea
烏龍茶 u-ron cha - Oolong tea, Chinese tea
Tea is made from grass (leaves) which is
represented by the top part of this kanji 麦茶 mugi cha - barley tea



1) sou, 2) hayai - fast, early 早口 haya kuchi - talk fast
朝早い asa hayai - early morning
2031
The sun [日] rises early 早速 sassoku - at once, immediately (irreg. sound)



1) shi, 2) tomaru, 3) tomeru, 4) tome - stop
禁止 kin shi - prohibited, not allowed
立入禁止 tachi iri kin shi - keep off! dont come in
Think of a policeman standing on the road saying,
"stop" 中止 chuu shi - suspension, interruption



1) ji, 2) shi, 3) mizukara - oneself
独自 doku ji - original, peculiar
自衛 ji ei - self-defense
Don't confuse this with eye [目 - me], and white
自画自賛 ji ga ji san - praising one's own work
[白 - shiro]



1) shi, 2) ji, 3) tsukaeru - official, serve, attend 奉仕 hou shi - service, attendance
仕上げ shi age - finished, end
A person [人] serves 仕事 shi goto - work



討ち死に uchi ji ni - die in battle, die in action
1) shi, 2) shinu - death, die 致死 chi shi - lethal, fatal
必死 hisshi - desperate, inevitable death, frantic





1) shi, 2) hajimeru - begin 開始 kai shi - commencement, begin
末始終 sue shi jyuu - forever
The woman [女 - onna] on stage [台 - dai] began 始めまして hajimemashite - nice to meet you


使
天使 ten shi - angel
1) shi, 2) tsukau, 3) tsukai- use 大使 tai shi - ambassador
使いやすい tsukai yasui - easy to use
2131



1) shi, 2) watashi, 3) watakushi - I, me, private
私 watashi / watakushi - I || more...
私書箱 shi sho bako - post office box
This one's useful when talking to oneself (and
others) see also pronouns 私事 shi ji - personal affairs



居心地 igoko chi - comfort
宇宙基地 u chuu ki chi - space station
1) chi, 2) ji - ground, earth
現在地 gen zai chi - you are here on a map,
present location



気持ち ki mochi - feeling, mood
1) ji, 2) motsu, 3) moteru - hold, have お金持ち okane mochi - rich man
力持ち chikara mochi - strong man



1) shitsu - quality, matter, substance 質問 shitsu mon - question
品質 hin shitsu - quality
The bottom has the kanji for shell [貝 - kai] 実質 jisshitsu - substance, essence





1) shitsu, 2) muro - room, chamber 密室 misshitsu - hidden room
教室 kyou shitsu - classroom
The top part is a roof 温室 on shitsu - greenhouse



1) hin, 2) shina - goods, article, elegance, dignity
車用品 kuruma you hin - car parts
下品 ge hin - vulgar, indecent
The three mouths [口 - kuchi] are eating the goods
2231
with dignity 化粧品 ke shou hin - cosmetics



社会 sha kai - society
1) sha, 2) yashiro - company, firm, office 会社 kai sha - office, company
出版社 shuppan sha - publisher



1) sha, 2) mono - someone, person
医者 i sha - medical doctor
学者 gaku sha - a scholar
The sun [日 - hi] is needed to make out just who
芸者 gei sha - Geisha, woman performer
that someone is



1) shu, 2) zu, 3) te - hand 空手 kara te - Karate
下手 heta - not good at, poor at
After several years of looking at this kanji, I still 上手 jou zu - good at, excells at
don't see the hand the ancient Chinese saw! 手紙 te gami - letter (postal)



1) shuu - week 一週間 isshuu kan - one week
先週 sen shuu - last week
This is one of those rare kanji with just one 来週 rai shuu - next week
reading and meaning 週末 shuu matsu - weekend





1) shuu, 2) ju, 3) narau - learn
練習 ren shuu - practice
自習 ji shuu - self study
The top is feather or wing [羽 - hane] and the
復習 fuku shuu - review, study again
bottom is white [白 - shiro]



1) juu, 2) chuu, 3) sumu - live, reside, dwell 住所 juu sho - (mailing) address
衣食住 i shoku juu - necessities of life, clothing,
2331
You are the lord [主 - shu] of the house food, and housing
移住 i juu - migration



1) shun, 2) haru - spring (season) 春休み haru yasumi - spring break
初春 sho shun - early spring
The season where the sun [日 - hi] returns 青春 sei shun - youth



1) sei, 2) shou, 3) tadashii - correct, justice, right
正解 sei kai - correct
改正 kai sei - revisement, amendment
If you stop [止] and think about it you will get it
正月 shou gatsu - the New Year
right



1) shou, 2) sukunai , 3) sukoshi - few, little 少々お待ちください shou shou omachi kudasai -
Please wait a moment
Small is [小] 少年 shou nen - youth, boy



1) jou, 2) chou, 3) ba - location, place 場所 ba sho - a place, area
スキー場 suki- jou - ski area
The bit on the left [土] means ground 駐車場 chuu sha jou - parking lot





1) chi, 2) shiru - to know, wisdom
知恵 chi e - wisdom
知事 chi ji - governor
To the left [矢 - ya] means arrow and to the right
告知 koku chi - announcement, notice
[口 - kuchi] is a mouth.



1) shin, 2) ma, 3) makoto - true, reality 写真 sha shin - photograph
真っ暗 makkura - pitch black
This kanji has a ten [十 - juu] over an eye [目 - 真に makotoni - really, truely
2431
me]



1) zu, 2) to, 3) e, 4) hakaru - map, drawing, plan,
unexpected 地図 chi zu - map
合図 ai zu - sign, signal
Think of it as a treasure map where X marks the 意図 i to - intention, aim
spot



世界 se kai - the world
1) sei, 2) se, 3) yo - generation, world, society 世紀 sei ki - century
人生 jin sei - life



1) seki, 2) yuu - evening 夕方 yuu gata - evening
夕焼け yuu yake - sunset
Think of it as the moon in the evening sky 夕食 yuu shoku - dinner



1) sou, 2) hashiru - run 競走 kyou sou - race
脱走 dassou - escape, desertion
It looks like a runner getting ready to start the race 逃げ走る nige hashiru - to run away





1) zoku - tribe, family
民族 min zoku - tribe
家族 ka zoku - family
There is a person [方 - kata] with an arrow [矢 -
核家族 kaku ka zoku - nuclear family
ya] finding food for his tribe and family



1) chuu, 2) sosogu, 3) sasu- pour, flow into,
注意 chuu i - caution, warning
concentrate on
注文 chuu mon - order (restaurant...)
The marks on the left indicate water (pouring) and 注射 chuu sha - injection, a shot
2531
the right means "lord"



1) den, 2) ta - rice field 油田 yu den - oil field
田植え ta ue - rice planting
Think of 4 square rice fields together 田舎 inaka - the country (irreg. pron)



1) dai, 2) tai - stand, stage, pedestal
舞台 bu tai - stage
台風 tai fuu - taiphoon
It looks like someone sitting on a box and talking
into a mic 台所 dai dokoro - kitchen



1) tai, 2) matsu - wait, depend on 待ってください matte kudasai - please wait a sec
期待 ki tai - expectations, hopes
Don't confuse with samurai [侍] 招待 shou tai - invitation



宿題 shuku dai - homework
1) dai - topic, subject 話題 wa dai - topic, subject
問題 mon dai - problem





一度 ichi do - one time, once
1) do, 2) to, 3) taku, 4) tabi - degree, time, times
温度 on do - temperature
occurred
今度 kon do - next time



1) ritsu, 2) ryuu, 3) tatsu - to stand 県立 ken ritsu - prefectural
独立 doku ritsu - independence
Think of a person in the act of standing up 日立 hi tachi - Hitachi company
2631



1) ryo, 2) tabi - trip, travel 旅行 ryo kou - trip
旅人 tabi bito - a traveller
A person [方] packing his bag for a trip 旅券 ryo ken - passport



1) ryoku, 2) riki, 3) chikara - power, strength,
力持ち chikara mochi - strong person
exertion
能力 nou ryoku - ability
Don't confuse it with nine [九 - kyuu] 協力 kyou ryoku - cooperation



1) chuu, 2) hiru - noon, daytime 昼寝 hiru ne - a nap
昼食 chuu shoku - lunch, noonmeal
The sun [日 - hi] is in the middle at noon 昼休み hiru yasumi - lunch break, noon break



1) chou, 2) machi - town, village
港町 minato machi - port city
町民 chou min - townspeople
Think of a small town with a T shaped road
leading to a rice field 町会 chou kai - town council





焼き鳥 yaki tori - grilled chicken
1) chou, 2) tori - bird
一石二鳥 isseki ni chou - one stone, two birds - to
kill 2 birds with one stone
Think of a bird in its nest
小鳥 ko tori - a small bird



開店 kai ten - the opening of a shop
1) ten, 2) mise - store, shop
喫茶店 kissaten - coffee shop
2731
店員 ten in - attendant, clerk of the store



1) mon, 2) tou - question, ask, problem 問題 mon dai - problem
質問 shitsu mon - question
Compare with gate mon [門] 疑問 gi mon - question, doubt, problem



1) tou, 2) fuyu - winter 冬眠 tou min - hibernation, winter sleep
冬休み fuyu yasumi - winter vacation
Think of a cloud dropping two snow flakes 冬季 tou ki - winter season



曲がり道 ma gari michi - a winding road
1) dou, 2) tou, 3) michi - way, road, street, course 帰り道 kaeri michi - the way home
片道 kata michi - a one way (trip)



任天堂 nin ten dou - Nintendo video game
company
1) dou - hall
食堂車 shoku dou sha - dining car
食堂 shoku dou - lunch room, cafeteria





1) toku - special
特別 toku betsu - special
This is a very special kanji so don't confuse it with 特に toku ni - especially, particularly
特技 toku gi - special skill
'to wait' [待 - matsu]



2831
1) niku - meat
皮肉 hi niku - irony, ironic
牛肉 gyuu niku - beef
Two people [人 - hito] are walking into a
筋肉 kin niku - muscle
restaurant for meat. Don't confuse with [内 - uchi]



1) ya, 2) sho, 3) no - plains, field
荒野 ara no - wasteland, wilderness
野球 ya kyuu - baseball
On the other side of a village [里 - sato] there is a
長野県 nagano ken - Nagano prefecture
field



1) hatsu, 2) abaku, 3) tatsu - depart, start from, to 出発 shuppatsu - depart, leave
happen 爆発 baku hatsu - explosion
発見 hakken - discovery
Think of it as a rocket launching to the stars 発明 hatsu mei - invention



1) han, 2) meshi - meal, cooked rice 御飯 go han - rice, meal
朝ご飯 asa go han - breakfast
The left part is from the kanji to eat [食 - shoku] 炊飯器 sui han ki - rice cooker



病気 byou ki - sick
1) byou, 2) yamai, 3) yamu - ill, sick 病院 byou in - hospital
急病 kyuu byou - sudden illness





1) fu, 2) bu - non-, negative, bad 不可能 fu ka nou - impossible
不安 fu an - uneasy, unsure
This is useful for negating the following kanji 不公平 fu kou hei - unfairness, injustice



2931
1) fuku - clothing, obey 洋服 you fuku - western style clothes
衣服 i fuku - clothes
Obey me and wear moon [月 - getsu] clothing 服従 fuku juu - obedience



1) butsu, 2) motsu, 3) mono - thing, matter, object
植物 shoku butsu - plant life
物語 mono gatari - story, legend
This mono pertains to non human objects. The
食べ物 tabe mono - something to eat
other mono [者] is for people



1) bun, 2) mon, 3) fumi, 4) aya - sentence, 文明 bun mei - civilization
literature 文化 bun ka - culture
文具 bun gu - stationery
Someone crossing his legs and reading a book 文章 bun shou - a sentence



1) betsu, 2) wakareru, 3) wakeru - separate,
another, specially 別荘 bessou - a second house
特別 toku betsu - special
The bottom left part is from the kanji for sword 別に betsu ni - it's not that important, not
[刀 - katana] and it thus separates it from other particularly
kanji



1) ben, 2) tsutomeru - exertion 勉強 ben kyou - study
不勉強 fu ben kyou - idleness
It takes power [力 - chikara] to exert oneself 勉強中 ben kyou chuu - in the midst of studying



1) moku, 2) boku, 3) me - eye 一目ぼれ hito me bore - love at first sight
目的 moku teki - purpose, goal
Think of a monster with three vertical eyes 左目 hidari me - left eye



1) you, 2) mochiiru - use, service, business 使用 shi you - use
用紙 you shi - paper, form
3031
This is the moon [月 - tsuki] with a line in the 用意 you i - prepare
middle 用心棒 you jin bou - body gaurd



夜逃げ yo nige - flight in the night, fleeing in the
night
1) ya, 2) yo, 3) yoru - night, evening
今夜 kon ya - this evening
夜間 ya kan - night, night time



1) you - weekday 何曜日 nan you bi - what day of the week?
金曜日 kin you bi - Friday
This is found in all 7 days of the week 土曜日 do you bi - Saturday



1) you - the West, western style, ocean
洋服 you fuku - western style clothing
洋食 you shoku - western (foreign) food
The left means water and the right means sheep
[羊 - hitsuji] 洋画 you ga - foreign painting




1) ri - logic, reason, truth
理由 ri yuu - reason, cause
無理 mu ri - impossible, unreasonable
Logic is found in the villages [里 - sato] not in the
cities 理科 ri ka - science





1) ryou - fee, materials
料金 ryou kin - a charge, a fee
料理 ryou ri - cooking, dish
The part to the left means 'rice' [米 - kome] Rice is
an essential material to pay for 飲料 in ryou - a drink (written word)
3131
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