TCPIP Manual - MCSE

Chia sẻ: Ba Toan | Ngày: | Loại File: PDF | Số trang:0

0
37
lượt xem
6
download

TCPIP Manual - MCSE

Mô tả tài liệu
  Download Vui lòng tải xuống để xem tài liệu đầy đủ

MCSE Training Guide: TCP/IP is designed for advanced end-users, service technicians, and network administrators who are consider- ing certification as a Microsoft Certified Systems Engineer (MCSE), Microsoft Certified Product (MCP) Specialist or as a Microsoft Certified Solution Developer (MCSD). The TCP/IP exam (Exam 70-59: “Internetworking with Microsoft TCP/IP on Microsoft Windows NT 4.0”) tests your ability to implement, ad- minister, and troubleshoot information systems that incorporate TCP/IP as well as your ability to provide technical support to us- ers of Microsoft Windows NT employing TCP/IP protocols....

Chủ đề:
Lưu

Nội dung Text: TCPIP Manual - MCSE

  1. Table of Contents i Emmett Dulaney john white Sherwood Lawrence raymond williams Robert Scrimger kevin wolford Anthony tilke MCSE TRAINING G U I D E TCP/IP
  2. ii MCSE Training Guide: TCP/IP MCSE Training Guide: TCP/IP Acquisitions Editors Julie Fairweather, By Emmett Dulaney, Sherwood Lawrence, Robert Scrimger, Nancy Maragioglio, Anthony Tilke, John White, Raymond Williams, and Kevin Steve Weiss Wolford Development Editor Published by: Rob Tidrow New Riders Publishing 201 West 103rd Street Project Editor John Sleeva Indianapolis, IN 46290 USA Copy Editors All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or Margo Catts, transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechani- Cliff Shubs, cal, including photocopying, recording, or by any information Sharon Wilkey storage and retrieval system, without written permission from the publisher, except for the inclusion of brief quotations in a review. Technical Editor Lance Skok © 1998 by New Riders Publishing Software Product Developer Printed in the United States of America 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 Steve Flatt Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Software Acquisitions and Development ***CIP data available upon request*** Dustin Sullivan ISBN: 1-56205-747-2 Team Coordinator Stacey Beheler Manufacturing Coordinator Warning and Disclaimer Brook Farling This book is designed to provide information about TCP/IP. Book Designer Glenn Larsen Every effort has been made to make this book as complete and as accurate as possible, but no warranty or fitness is implied. Cover Designer Jay Corpus The information is provided on an “as is” basis. The authors and New Riders Publishing shall have neither liability nor responsibil- Cover Production ity to any person or entity with respect to any loss or damages Casey Price arising from the information contained in this book or from the Director of Production use of the discs or programs that may accompany it. Larry Klein New Riders is an independent entity from Microsoft Corporation, Production Suprervisor and not affiliated with Microsoft Corporation in any manner. This Victor Peterson publication may be used in assisting students to prepare for a Graphics Image Specialists Microsoft Certified Professional Exam. Neither Microsoft Corpo- Sadie Crawford, ration, its designated review ICV, nor New Riders warrants that Wil Cruz use of this publication will ensure passing the relevant Exam. Microsoft is either a registered trademark or trademark of Production Analysts Microsoft Corporation in the United Stated and/or other coun- Dan Harris Erich J. Richter tries. Production Team Publisher David Dwyer Lori Cliburn, Executive Editor Mary Foote Pamela Woolf Managing Editor Sarah Kearns Indexer Tim Wright
  3. Table of Contents iii About the Authors Emmett Dulaney is a consultant for D. S. Technical Solutions in central Indiana. An MCSE, CNE, OS/2 Engineer, and LAN Server Engineer, he has taught continuing education courses for Indiana University-Purdue University of Fort Wayne for more than seven years, and has authored or coauthored over a dozen books. He can be reached at edulaney@iquest.net. Shey Lawrence When Sherwood Lawrence is not tracing TCP/IP packets and troubleshooting connectivity issues, he spends his time tracing down his free time and troubleshooting why he has so little of it left. He contends that the undeniable proof that black holes exist in the universe sucking up space and time sits squarely in the middle of his desk, bathing him in for medical therapy can be sent to the author by contacting him through his company’s Web site at www.atlasconsulting.com . For almost 20 years, Robert Scrimger has done everything with computers except design the boards (yet) and sell them. In the last eight years his primary endeavor has been training, starting with many different applications and moving in the last few years to work exclusively with network operating systems and client/ server applications. Rob is a Microsoft Certified Systems Engineer on both 3.51 and 4.0 and a Microsoft Certified Trainer. Anthony Tilke is a network consultant and engineer. He is both Microsoft- and Novell-certified with MCSE and MCNE designa- tions to his credit. After administering his first network in 1987, Anthony started to change his career from an economic analyst to a network engineer. With a transitional period as a statistical pro- grammer and graduate student, Anthony dedicated himself to a career in networking by 1992. His career has included the design, implementation, and management of large networks and messag- ing systems for public sector clients. More recently, Anthony has been a senior network engineer for a Micrsoft Solution Provider, and Novell Platinum reseller in the Pacific Northwest. A 1985 magna cum laude graduate from Pace University in New York, Anthony has written software reviews for PC magazine. He can be reached at anthony@compuserve.com .
  4. iv MCSE Training Guide: TCP/IP John White currently works as a senior systems administrator. He is heavily involved in the implementation and support of Windows NT systems worldwide. John was a UNIX and NetWare systems administrator before joining the world of Windows NT. Prior to becoming a systems administrator, he was a biochemistry major at Trent University. He now lives in Ottawa, Canada with his wife Viviana. Raymond Williams is a Microsoft Certified Trainer (MCT) and consultant. He currently works for GSE Erudite as a network in- structor. Raymond is a Microsoft Certified Systems Engineer as well as a Certified NetWare Instructor and Certified NetWare En- gineer. He has worked as a systems analyst and design engineer for many companies during his five years experience. He thour- oughly enjoys the computer industry and what it has to offer, and finds pleasure in sharing the information with others. Kevin B. Wolford is an MCSE, MCT, Master CNE, and CNI. He has had several careers, including technical writer, pension actu- ary, and trainer. He is the lead Windows NT trainer for GSE Eru- dite Software in Salt Lake City, Utah. You alos can see Kevin in training videos produced by Keystone Learning Systems of Provo, Utah. Kevin enjoys explaining complex, technical things in a sim- ple manner.
  5. Table of Contents v Trademark Acknowledgments All terms mentioned in this book that are known to be trademarks or service marks have been appropriately capitalized. New Riders Publishing cannot attest to the accuracy of this information. Use of a term in this book should not be regarded as affecting the validity of any trademark or service mark. Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and other counties.
  6. vi MCSE Training Guide: TCP/IP Contents at a Glance Introduction ....................................................................................... 1 1. Introduction to TCP/IP ....................................................................... 9 2. Architectural Overview of the TCP/IP Suite .......................................... 27 3. IP Addressing ................................................................................... 87 4. Subnetting ...................................................................................... 107 5. Implementing IP Routing .................................................................. 137 6. Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol ................................................. 193 7. NetBIOS Over TCP/IP ..................................................................... 231 8. Implementing Windows Internet Name Service ..................................... 273 9. Administering a WINS Environment .................................................. 295 10. IP Internetwork Browsing and Domain Functions ................................. 335 11. Host Name Resolution ...................................................................... 371 12. Domain Name System ....................................................................... 393 13. Implementing Microsoft DNS Servers .................................................. 427 14. Connectivity in Heterogeneous Environments ....................................... 467 15. Implementing the Microsoft SNMP Service ........................................... 499 16. Troubleshooting Microsoft TCP/IP ..................................................... 527 17. TCP/IP and Remote Access Service ..................................................... 579 A. Overview of the Certification Process ................................................... 623 B. Study Tips ...................................................................................... 633 C. What’s on the CD-ROM .................................................................... 637 D. All About TestPrep ............................................................................ 639 Index .............................................................................................. 641
  7. viii MCSE Training Guide: TCP/IP Table of Contents Introduction 1 Who Should Read This Book ...................................................................... 1 How This Book Helps You ........................................................................... 2 Understanding What the “Internetworking with Microsoft TCP/IP on Microsoft Windows NT 4.0” Exam (#70-59) Covers ................................ 3 Hardware and Software Needed ................................................................. 4 Tips for the Exam ......................................................................................... 5 New Riders Publishing ................................................................................. 6 1 Introduction to TCP/IP 9 The Exam .................................................................................................... 10 Three Exam Preps in One Book ............................................................... 10 What Is on the Test? ................................................................................... 12 TCP/IP Architecture ............................................................................ 12 TCP/IP Routing and Name Resolution .............................................. 13 Installing TCP/IP on Windows NT Computers ................................. 14 The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) ........................ 14 The Windows Internet Name Service (WINS) ................................... 15 The Domain Name System .................................................................. 16 Browsing in a TCP/IP Internetwork ................................................... 17 Implementing the Microsoft SNMP Service ....................................... 18 Performance Tuning and Optimization ............................................. 18 Troubleshooting TCP/IP ..................................................................... 19 How the Internetworking TCP/IP Test Differs from Other Microsoft Exams ....................................................................................... 19 Installing TCP/IP ....................................................................................... 23 Services ....................................................................................................... 24 2 Architectural Overview of the TCP/IP Suite 27 Introduction ............................................................................................... 29 Introductory Concepts—Network Basics .................................................. 30 The Components of a Network ........................................................... 30 The Physical Address ............................................................................ 34 Network Topologies ............................................................................. 37 The OSI Model ..................................................................................... 44 Introduction to TCP/IP ............................................................................. 49 The Four Layers of TCP/IP ................................................................. 51 RFCs ...................................................................................................... 78 Exercises ...................................................................................................... 80 Review Questions ........................................................................................ 81 Review Answers ..................................................................................... 85
  8. Table of Contents ix 3 IP Addressing 87 Overview ..................................................................................................... 89 TCP/IP Addressing Methods .................................................................... 90 IP Addresses Defined ................................................................................. 91 Conversion Between Decimal and Binary Numbers .......................... 92 Network ID and Host ID ...................................................................... 93 IP Address Classes Defined ........................................................................ 93 Reasons for Using Specific Address Classes ........................................ 94 Classes Defined ..................................................................................... 95 IP Addressing Guidelines ........................................................................... 98 Assigning Network IDs ......................................................................... 99 Assigning Host IDs ............................................................................. 100 Addressing with IP Version 6 ................................................................... 101 Review Questions ...................................................................................... 102 Review Answers ................................................................................... 105 4 Subnetting 107 Introduction ............................................................................................. 109 The Purpose of Subnet Masks ................................................................. 111 Using the Subnet Mask ............................................................................ 114 Understanding Default Subnet Masks .................................................... 116 Subdividing a Network ............................................................................. 117 Subnetting ................................................................................................ 118 Step 1: Determine the Number of Network IDs Required .............. 118 Step 2: Determine the Number of Host IDs per Subnet Required ............................................................................................ 119 Step 3: Define the Subnet Mask ........................................................ 120 Step 4: Determine the Network IDs to Use ...................................... 122 Step 5: Determine the Host IDs to Use ............................................. 126 Using the Network Subnetting Tables .................................................... 127 Exercises .................................................................................................... 131 Review Questions ...................................................................................... 134 Review Answers ................................................................................... 136 5 Implementing IP Routing 137 Introduction ............................................................................................. 139 Network Review ........................................................................................ 140 Repeaters, Bridges, and Switches ...................................................... 141 Looking at Broadcast Protocols ......................................................... 149 Understanding Routing ........................................................................... 155 Dead Gateway Detection .................................................................... 158 Static and Dynamic Routers............................................................... 162 Static and Dynamic Router Integration ............................................ 178 Building a Multihomed Router ............................................................... 180 Exercises .................................................................................................... 183 Review Questions ...................................................................................... 184 Review Answers ................................................................................... 190
  9. x MCSE Training Guide: TCP/IP 6 Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol 193 Understanding DHCP .............................................................................. 195 What DHCP Servers Can Do ............................................................. 197 Limitations of DHCP .......................................................................... 198 Planning a DHCP Implementation ......................................................... 199 Network Requirements ...................................................................... 199 Installing the DHCP Relay Agent ...................................................... 200 Client Requirements .......................................................................... 201 Using Multiple DHCP Servers ........................................................... 202 Using Scope Options ......................................................................... 204 How DHCP Works .................................................................................... 205 DHCPACK Phase ................................................................................ 205 DHCP Lease Renewal ........................................................................ 206 Installing the DHCP Server Service ........................................................ 207 Configuring the DHCP Server ................................................................ 207 Creating Scopes .................................................................................. 208 Scope Options .................................................................................... 210 Address Reservations ......................................................................... 211 DHCP Clients ..................................................................................... 212 Using the IPCONFIG Utility .................................................................... 214 Displaying Information ...................................................................... 214 Renewing a Lease ............................................................................... 216 Releasing a Lease ............................................................................... 216 Compacting the DHCP Database ............................................................ 217 Backing Up the DHCP Database ............................................................. 218 Restoring a Corrupt DHCP Database ..................................................... 219 Automatic Restoration ....................................................................... 219 Registry RestoreFlag ........................................................................... 219 Copying from the Backup Directory ................................................. 220 Exercises .................................................................................................... 221 Review Questions ...................................................................................... 225 Review Answers ................................................................................... 228 7 NetBIOS Over TCP/IP 231 Defining NetBIOS .................................................................................... 233 NetBIOS Over TCP/IP (NBT) ................................................................ 234 NetBIOS Services ..................................................................................... 236 Name Management ............................................................................ 237 Name Resolution ................................................................................ 240 Order of Resolution ........................................................................... 252 nbtstat ........................................................................................................ 258 Exercises .................................................................................................... 261 Review Questions ...................................................................................... 265 Review Answers ................................................................................... 269
  10. Table of Contents xi 8 Implementing Windows Internet Name Service 273 The Windows Internet Name Service ..................................................... 275 How WINS Works ..................................................................................... 276 Name Registration .............................................................................. 276 Name Renewal .................................................................................... 277 Name Release ..................................................................................... 278 Name Resolution ................................................................................ 278 Implementation Considerations ............................................................. 280 WINS Server Considerations ............................................................. 280 WINS Client Considerations .............................................................. 283 Implementing WINS ................................................................................ 283 Implementing a WINS Server ........................................................... 283 Configuring WINS Clients ................................................................. 284 Integrating WINS with DHCP ........................................................... 284 Review Questions ...................................................................................... 286 Review Answers ................................................................................... 293 9 Administering a WINS Environment 295 Installing a WINS Server .......................................................................... 297 WINS Clients ............................................................................................. 298 Configuring WINS to be Used by Non-WINS Clients ............................ 298 Registering Non-WINS Clients with Static Entries ................................. 299 Adding Entries to WINS from an LMHOSTS File ................................. 300 Resolving Names Through a WINS Server for Non-WINS Clients ................................................................................................ 300 Configuring a Client for WINS ................................................................ 302 Replication ................................................................................................ 303 The Replication Process ........................................................................... 306 Using the WINS Manager .................................................................. 306 Backing Up the WINS Database .............................................................. 310 Restoring the WINS Database ................................................................. 310 Files Used for WINS ................................................................................. 311 Compacting the WINS Database ............................................................. 311 Exercises .................................................................................................... 312 Review Questions ...................................................................................... 325 Review Answers ................................................................................... 331 10 IP Internetwork Browsing and Domain Functions 335 Browsing in Windows NT ......................................................................... 337 Browsing Tools ................................................................................... 338 System Roles ....................................................................................... 339 The Direct Approach ............................................................................... 340 Browsing Roles ................................................................................... 342 Filling Roles ........................................................................................ 343
  11. xii MCSE Training Guide: TCP/IP Windows NT Browsing Services .............................................................. 346 Collecting the Browse List ................................................................. 346 Distributing the Browse List .............................................................. 347 Servicing Client Requests .................................................................. 351 Browsing in an IP Internetwork .............................................................. 352 Solutions ............................................................................................. 352 Login and Domain Database Replication ............................................... 358 WINS Proxy Agent .............................................................................. 359 Exercises .................................................................................................... 360 Review Questions ...................................................................................... 365 Review Answers ................................................................................... 369 11 Host Name Resolution 371 Host Names ............................................................................................... 373 Configure HOSTS Files ........................................................................... 374 Configure LMHOSTS File ....................................................................... 376 Other Files to Be Aware Of ................................................................ 379 DNS Servers .............................................................................................. 384 Diagnose and Resolve Name Resolution Problems ................................ 385 NBTSTAT ............................................................................................ 386 Hostname ............................................................................................ 387 Exercises .................................................................................................... 388 Review Questions ...................................................................................... 389 Review Answers ................................................................................... 392 12 The Domain Name System 393 History of DNS ......................................................................................... 395 History of Microsoft DNS ........................................................................ 396 The Structure of DNS .............................................................................. 397 DNS Domains ..................................................................................... 398 DNS Host Names ................................................................................ 399 Zone Files ............................................................................................ 400 Types of DNS Servers ............................................................................... 401 Resolving DNS Queries ............................................................................ 403 Time to Live for Queries .................................................................... 407 Forwarders and Slaves ........................................................................ 407 Structure of Zone Files ............................................................................ 408 Zone Files ............................................................................................ 409 Name Server Record .......................................................................... 411 Mail Exchange Record ....................................................................... 412 Host Record ........................................................................................ 412 Local Host Record .............................................................................. 413 CNAME Record .................................................................................. 414 Using the Cache File to Connect to Root-Level Servers ........................ 415
  12. Table of Contents xiii Reverse Lookup File ................................................................................. 415 Pointer Record ................................................................................... 416 Arpa-127.rev File ....................................................................................... 417 BIND Boot File ......................................................................................... 417 Directory Command .......................................................................... 417 Cache Command ................................................................................ 417 Primary Command ............................................................................. 418 Secondary Command ........................................................................ 418 Forwarders Command ....................................................................... 419 Slave Command .................................................................................. 419 Review Questions ...................................................................................... 420 Review Answers ................................................................................... 425 13 Implementing Microsoft DNS Servers 427 Implementing Microsoft DNS Servers .................................................... 429 Installing the DNS Server .................................................................. 429 Creating a Primary DNS Server ........................................................ 436 Setting Up the Secondary DNS Server ............................................. 446 Reverse Lookup .................................................................................. 447 Updating DNS Startup Files .............................................................. 448 DNS Manager Preferences ................................................................. 448 NSLOOKUP ....................................................................................... 449 Exercises .................................................................................................... 451 Review Questions ...................................................................................... 457 Review Answers ................................................................................... 463 14 Connectivity in Heterogeneous Environments 467 Connectivity in Heterogeneous Environments ...................................... 469 Communicating Over TCP/IP ................................................................ 470 Microsoft TCP/IP Utilities ....................................................................... 471 Remote Execution Utilities ................................................................ 471 Data Transfer Utilities ........................................................................ 475 Printing Utilities ................................................................................. 480 Troubleshooting Utilities ................................................................... 483 Review Questions ...................................................................................... 491 Review Answers ................................................................................... 497 15 Implementing the Microsoft SNMP Service 499 The Usefulness of SNMP ......................................................................... 501 SNMP Agents and Management ............................................................. 503 The SNMP Management System ....................................................... 503 The SNMP Agent ................................................................................ 505 Management Information Base ............................................................... 506 Internet MIB II ................................................................................... 506 LAN Manager MIB II ......................................................................... 507
  13. xiv MCSE Training Guide: TCP/IP DHCP MIB .......................................................................................... 507 WINS MIB ........................................................................................... 507 MIB Structure ..................................................................................... 508 Microsoft SNMP Service .................................................................... 509 SNMP Architecture ............................................................................ 510 SNMP Communities ........................................................................... 510 Security ............................................................................................... 512 Installing and Configuring SNMP ........................................................... 512 SNMP Security Parameters ................................................................ 514 SNMP Agent ....................................................................................... 516 Using the SNMP Utility ............................................................................ 517 What SNMP Is Really Doing .............................................................. 518 Exercises .................................................................................................... 519 Review Questions ...................................................................................... 521 Review Answers ................................................................................... 526 16 Troubleshooting Microsoft TCP/IP 527 Introduction ............................................................................................. 529 TCP/IP Configuration ............................................................................. 530 Windows NT Network Configuration ............................................... 530 Verifying a Windows NT Network Configuration ............................ 534 TCP/IP Configuration Parameters ................................................... 536 DHCP Client Configuration Problems ............................................. 544 Tools Used to Troubleshoot TCP/IP Configuration Problems ...... 545 Other Tools ......................................................................................... 556 Name Resolution Problems ..................................................................... 559 Testing Name Resolution with Ping .................................................. 561 Testing NetBIOS Name Resolution by Establishing a Session ........ 561 Testing TCP Name Resolution by Establishing a Session ................ 564 Other Symptoms of TCP/IP Configuration Problems .......................... 565 Default Gateway Does not Belong to Configured Interfaces .......... 565 The TCP/IP Host Doesn’t Respond ................................................. 565 The Connection Is Made to the Wrong Host ................................... 565 Error 53 Is Returned When Trying to Make a NetBIOS Session .... 566 An FTP Server Does Not Seem to Work ........................................... 566 Exercises .................................................................................................... 567 Review Questions ...................................................................................... 573 Review Answers ................................................................................... 577 17 TCP/IP and Remote Access Service 579 Overview of RAS ....................................................................................... 581 PPP versus SLIP .................................................................................. 581 Modems .............................................................................................. 582 Other Communications Technologies .............................................. 593 Dial-In Permissions ............................................................................ 594
  14. Table of Contents xv PPP Problems ..................................................................................... 596 Dial-Up Networking ........................................................................... 597 The RAS Server .................................................................................. 603 Monitoring the RAS Connection ...................................................... 607 Common RAS Problems .................................................................... 611 Exercises .................................................................................................... 613 Review Questions ...................................................................................... 618 Review Answers ................................................................................... 621 A Overview of the Certification Process 623 How to Become a Microsoft Certified Product Specialist (MCPS) ............................................................................. 624 How to Become a Microsoft Certified Systems Engineer (MCSE) ............................................................................. 625 How to Become a Microsoft Certified Solution Developer (MCSD) ........................................................................... 629 Becoming a Microsoft Certified Trainer (MCT) .............................. 631 B Study Tips 633 Pretesting Yourself .................................................................................... 634 Hints and Tips for Doing Your Best on the Tests ................................... 635 Things to Watch For ........................................................................... 635 Marking Answers for Return ............................................................. 636 Attaching Notes to Test Questions .................................................... 636 C What’s on the CD-ROM 637 New Riders’ Exclusive TestPrep ............................................................... 637 Exclusive Electronic Version of Text ....................................................... 637 Copyright Information and Disclaimer .................................................. 637 D All About TestPrep 639 Question Presentation ............................................................................. 639 Scoring ...................................................................................................... 640 Index 641
  15. Introduction 1 Introduction MCSE Training Guide: TCP/IP is designed for advanced end-users, service technicians, and network administrators who are consider- ing certification as a Microsoft Certified Systems Engineer (MCSE), Microsoft Certified Product (MCP) Specialist or as a Microsoft Certified Solution Developer (MCSD). The TCP/IP exam (Exam 70-59: “Internetworking with Microsoft TCP/IP on Microsoft Windows NT 4.0”) tests your ability to implement, ad- minister, and troubleshoot information systems that incorporate TCP/IP as well as your ability to provide technical support to us- ers of Microsoft Windows NT employing TCP/IP protocols. Who Should Read This Book This book is designed to help advanced users, service technicians, and network administrators who are working for MCSE certifica- tion prepare for the MCSE “Internetworking with Microsoft TCP/ IP on Microsoft Windows NT 4.0” exam (#70-59). This book is your one-stop-shop. Everything you need to know to pass the exam is in here, and Microsoft has certified it as study material. You do not need to take a class in addition to buying this book to pass the exam. However, depending on your personal study habits or learning style, you may benefit from taking a class in addition to the book or buying this book in addition to a class. This book also can help advanced users and administrators who are not studying for the MCSE exam but are looking for a single- volume reference on TCP/IP implementation.
  16. 2 MCSE Training Guide: TCP/IP How This Book Helps You This book takes you on a self-guided tour of all the areas covered by the MCSE TCP/IP exam and teaches you the specific skills you need to achieve your MCSE certification. You’ll also find helpful hints, tips, real-world examples, exercises, and references to addi- tional study materials. Specifically, this book is set up to help you in the following ways: Objective . Organization. This book is organized by major exam topics. Every objective you need to know for the “Internetworking with Microsoft TCP/IP on Microsoft Windows NT 4.0” exam is covered in this book; we’ve include a margin icon, like the one in the margin here, to help you quickly locate these objectives. There are pointers at different elements to direct you to the appropriate place in the book if you find you need to review certain sections. . Deciding how to spend your time wisely. Pre-chapter quizzes are at the beginning of each chapter to test your knowledge of the objectives contained within that chapter. If you already know the answers to those questions, you can make a time- management decision accordingly. . Extensive practice test options. Plenty of questions are at the end of each chapter to test your comprehension of material covered within that chapter. An answer list follows the ques- tions so you can check yourself. These practice test options will help you decide what you already understand and what requires extra review on your part. The CD-ROM also con- tains a sample test engine that will give you an accurate idea of what the test is really like. You’ll also get a chance to practice for the certification exams using the test engine on the accompanying CD-ROM. The ques- tions on the CD-ROM provide a more thorough and comprehen- sive look at what your certification exams really are like.
  17. Introduction 3 Note For a complete description of New Riders’ newly-developed test engine, please see Appendix D, “All About TestPrep.” For a complete description of what you can find on the CD- ROM, see Appendix C, “What’s on the CD-ROM.” For more information about the exam or the certification process, contact Microsoft at: Microsoft Education: Call (800) 636-7544 Internet: ftp://ftp.microsoft.com/Services/MSEdCert World Wide Web: http://www.microsoft.com/train_cert/ default.htm CompuServe Forum: GO MSEDCERT Understanding What the “Internetworking with Microsoft TCP/IP on Microsoft Windows NT 4.0” Exam (#70-59) Covers The “Internetworking with Microsoft TCP/IP on Microsoft Win- dows NT® 4.0” exam (#70-59) covers five main topic areas, ar- ranged in accordance with test objectives. On the CD-ROM that comes with this book, you’ll find document lpr70-59.doc, which is the exam preparation guide prepared by Microsoft. lpr70-59.doc describes what you will be tested on and suggests ways to prepare for the exam. The exam objectives, listed by topic area, are cov- ered in the following sections.
  18. 4 MCSE Training Guide: TCP/IP Hardware and Software Needed As a self-paced study guide, much of the book expects you to use Windows NT Server and follow along through the exercises while you learn. Microsoft designed their implementation of TCP/IP to operate in a wide range of actual situations, and the exercises in this book encompass that range. However, the exercises require only a single stand-alone Windows NT computer running TCP/IP Server. The computer should meet the following criteria: . Computer on the Microsoft Hardware Compatibility List . 486DX2 66-Mhz (or better) processor for Windows NT Server . 16 MB of RAM (minimum) for Windows NT Server . 340-MB (or larger) hard disk for Windows NT Server . 3.5-inch 1.44-MB floppy drive . VGA (or Super VGA) video adapter . VGA (or Super VGA) monitor . Mouse or equivalent pointing device . Two-speed (or faster) CD-ROM drive (optional) . Network Interface Card (NIC) . Presence on an existing network, or use of a 2-port (or more) mini-port hub to create a test network . MS-DOS 5.0 or 6.x and Microsoft Windows for Workgroups 3.x preinstalled . Microsoft Windows 95 (floppy version) . Microsoft Windows NT Server (CD-ROM version) It is somewhat easier to get access to the necessary computer hard- ware and software in a corporate business environment. It is hard- er to allocate enough time within the busy workday to complete a self-study program. Most of your study time may occur after nor- mal working hours, away from the everyday interruptions and pressures of your regular job.
  19. Introduction 5 Tips for the Exam Remember the following tips as you prepare for the MCSE/MCSD certification exams: . Read all the material. Microsoft has been known to include material not specified in the objectives. This course has in- cluded additional information not required by the objectives in an effort to give you the best possible preparation for the examination, and for the real-world network experiences to come. . Complete the exercises in each chapter. They will help you gain experience using the Microsoft product. All Microsoft exams are experienced-based and require you to have used the Microsoft product in a real networking environment. Exercises for each objective are placed at the end of each chapter. . Take each pre-chapter quiz to evaluate how well you know the topic of the chapter. Each chapter opens with one essay question per exam objective covered in the chapter. Follow- ing the quiz are the answers and pointers to where in the chapter that objective is covered. . Complete all the questions in the “Review Questions” sec- tions. Complete the questions at the end of each chapter— they will help you remember key points. The questions are fairly simple, but be warned, some questions may have more than one answer. . Review the exam objectives in the Microsoft Preparation Guide. Develop your own questions for each topic listed. If you can make and answer several questions for each topic, you should pass.
  20. 6 MCSE Training Guide: TCP/IP Note Although this book is designed to prepare you to take and pass the “Internetworking with Microsoft TCP/IP on Microsoft Windows NT 4.0” certification exam, there are no guarantees. Read this book, work through the exercises, and take the practice assessment exams. When taking the real certification exam, make sure you answer all the questions before your time limit expires. Do not spend too much time on any one question. If you are unsure about an answer, answer the question as best you can and mark it for later review when you have finished all the questions. It has been said, whether correctly or not, that any questions left un- answered will automatically cause you to fail. Remember, the object is not to pass the exam, it is to understand the material. Once you understand the material, passing is simple. Knowledge is a pyramid; to build upward, you need a solid foun- dation. The Microsoft Certified System Engineer and Solution Developer programs are designed to ensure that you have that solid foundation. Good luck! New Riders Publishing The staff of New Riders Publishing is committed to bringing you the very best in computer reference material. Each New Riders’ book is the result of months of work by authors and staff who re- search and refine the information contained within its covers. As part of this commitment to you, the NRP reader, New Riders invites your input. Please let us know if you enjoy this book, if you have trouble with the information and examples presented, or if you have a suggestion for the next edition. Please note, though: New Riders staff cannot serve as a technical resource during your preparation for the Microsoft MCSE/MCSD certification exams or for questions about software- or hardware- related problems. Please refer to the documentation that accom- panies Windows NT Server or to the applications’ Help systems.
Đồng bộ tài khoản