TEST ON GERUND AND INFINITIVE ( 2)

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TEST ON GERUND AND INFINITIVE ( 2)

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  1. TEST ON GERUND AND INFINITIVE ( 2) Exercise 1. Cho dạng đúng của động từ trong ngoặc ( Doing or To do ) AMATEUR ASTRONOMY. W ould you like ( 1 – to know / knowing ) more about the stars but don’t know where ( 2 – to begin / beginning) . Well, eventhough there appear ( 3 – to be/ being ) millions of stars, only about six thousand are visible. The visible stars are the brightest but not necessarily the closest. Many of these seem ( 4 – to group / grouping ) together. These groupings are called constellations, and many have unusual names, such as Tauru, the Bull, the Hunter. You can learn ( 5 –to recognize/ recognizing ) many of the constellations by ( 6 – remember / remembering ) what they represent. The best time for you ( 7 – to study / studying ) the stars is during cold, clear night. It’s easier ( 8 – to see / seeing) many of the fainter stars then because the atmosphere lets more light ( 9 – reach / to reach ) the earth. Don’t be discouraged by ( 10 – not to have / not having ) a telescope. You can always see important stars – like Polaris, the North Star. Early navigators knew how ( 11 – to tell / telling ) direction by ( 12 – find / finding ) Polaris because it is almost directly over the North Pole. In order ( 13 – keeping / to keep ) a steady direction east or west, you have ( 14 – to make / making ) sure Polaris is in the same position each night. Explorers have used this method of ( 15 – navigate / navigating ) for over three thousand years. If you’re interested in ( 16 – learn / learning ) more, consider ( 17 – to enroll / enrolling ) in a course or ( 18 – to join / joining ) a local group of astronomers. And, of course, before ( 19 – to invest / investing ) in a telescope or any expensive equipment, ask your local science museum or school department for advice. BIRD – W ATCHING There are some things you can do anywhere – like ( 1 –to observe / observing ) birds. Bird – watching is a pastime, even a competitive sport, for millions of people around the world. To bird lovers, it’s thrilli ng ( 2 – to see / seeing ) a rare bird in the wild, but it’s equally exciting ( 3 – to observe / observing ) birds close to home. The sport is relaxing but rewarding one for anyone who enjoys ( 4 – to be / being ) outdoors. Bird – watchers recommend you ( 5 – to buy / buying ) a guidebook to local birds and ( 6 – to get / get ) good, comfortable shoes for ( 7 – walk / walking ) . They suggest (8– to visit / visiting ) your local parks regularly and perhaps ( 9 – to get / getting ) involved in bird – watching society. Within a short time, you’ll learn ( 10 – to identify / identifying ) many species of birds. Exercise 2. Cho dạng đúng của động từ trong ngoặc ( Doing or To do ) 1. After the volley ball, we all stopped ( 1 – have ) ________ a cup of coffee, but Jane didn’t join us. She said that she had stopped ( 2 – drink ) _______ coffee because the caffeine bothered her. 2. Everyone at work was surprised when John quit ( 3 – take ) _______ a long vacation in South America. He said that we should quit ( 4 – be ) _______ so responsible and take off for faraway place too! 3. “ I tried ( 5 – open ) ______ the front door, but it seems ( 6 – be ) _______ stuck”. “ Have you tried ( 7 – use ) _______ the key? It’s locked, you know”. 4. “ Did you remember ( 8 – buy ) _______ a Monopoly game ?” “ Of course, I didn’t remember ( 9 – buy ) ________ one. I didn’t know that you wanted one”. “ You knew, but you forgot ( 10 – get ) _______ one. I distinctly remember ( 11 – tell ) ______ you ( 12 – buy ) _______ one this morning. This means ( 13 – postpone ) _______ our party tonight.” “ You meant ( 14 – tell ) _______ me, but you forgot. I didn’t forget. 5. “ I was lonely at first”, the old man admitted, “ but after a time I got used to ( 15 – live ) ___ alone and even got ( 16 – like ) ______ it. 6. I meant ( 17 – buy ) ____ an evening paper, but I didn’t see anyone ( 18 – sell ) ____ them. 7. I want ( 19 – catch ) _____ the 7a.m train tomorrow, that means ( 20 – get up ) ___ at 6.00 and I am really not very good at ( 21 – get up ) ______. 8. He accepted the cut in salary without complaint because he was afraid ( 22 – complain ) _____. He was afraid of ( 23 – lose ) _______ his job. 9. Did you remember ( 24 – lock ) _____ the car? – No, I didn’t. I’d better ( 25 – do ) ____ it now. 10. No, I didn’t move the bomb, I was afraid ( 26-touch) it: I was afraid of ( 27-be) blown into pieces! 11. Next time we go ( 28 – house – hunt ) _____. Remember ( 29 – ask ) _____ the agent for clear direction. I wasted hours ( 30 – look ) ______ for the last house. 12. Let’s ( 31 – go ) for a swim/ – I’m not keen on ( 32 – swim ) . What about (33- go )_____ ( 34- dance ) _______ 13. Jack suggested ( 35-let ) ____ one flat and ( 36-keep ) _____ the other for myself. But Tom advised me ( 37- sell ) ______ the whole house. 14. The child used ( 38 – lean )______ on the gate ( 39 – watch ) _____ the people ( 40 – go )___ to work in the mornings and (41 – come ) _____ home i n the evenings. And he used ( 42 – hear ) __ them ( 43 – shout ) _____ greetings to each other and ( 44 – talk ) ______ loudly. 15. He soon got (45– know)________ most of them and even managed (46–learn)the greetings. Then they began ( 47- greet)__________him too on their way to work and sometimes stop ( 48 - talk ) _____ to him on their way home Exercise 3. Viết lại câu sao cho nghĩa câu không thay đổi 1. I’ll be happy when I can see my friends on Friday. I’m looking forward ________________________ 2. If you want a table for ten you must phone the restaurant. It’s essential for you ________________________ 3. You need to find a good instructor. I recommend you __________________________ 4. I d on’t normally eat at restaurant. I’m not used ______________________________ 5. They went on smoking all through the meal. They didn’t stop ___________________________ 6. I forgot to bring my wallet with me, have you got yours ? I didn’t remember _________________________ 7. Boiling an egg is not difficult. It’s easy________________________________ 8. I’m very thirsty, could you get me some water, please ? I’d like you ____________________________
  2. 9. Expensive restaurants are out of my price range. I can’t afford ___________________________ 10. You could share my pizza, if you like. I d on’t mind ____________________________ Exercise 4. Điền từ thích hợp và cho dạng đúng của chúng ( Doing or To do ) John Bradley was surprised (1) _______ a letter waiting for him on his desk when he arrived at work. Before (2) ______ it, he hung up his coat and took out his glasses. “ Dear Mr Bradley!”, he read. “ We are sorry (3) _____ you that your services are no longer required”. He could not believe it. After (4) ____ for the company for thirty years, he had been made redundant, on Monday morning, without (5) ____ warned in ant way at all. There was no point (6) _____ the letter. The ending was obvious. “ Thank you for your loyalty and dedication over the years, and we hope you will enjoy (7) _____ more time to spend. The company wanted him (8) _____ away quietly and enjoy his premature retirement. He was 52. How could he able (9) _____ another job at his age? He knew that firms were not interested (10) ____ people over 45 , let alone over 50. Could he still afford (11) ____ his daughters to their expensive schools? He sat back in his chair and looked out of the window, wondering what (12) ____ next? He decided (13) ____ the office as soon as possible. He did not want anybody (14) _____ him while he was so depressed. So he put on his coat and for the last time closed the door behind him. He stopped (15) _______ “ good bye” to the telephonist , whom he had known for years, and left the buiding. Out in the street, it had begun (16) _______ . He had forgotten (17) _____ his umbrellar that morning, so he turned up his overcoat collar and walked towards the station (18) ____ his train home. He didn’t know what (19) _____ to his wife. The thought of breaking the bad news to he (20) _______ him feel seek. Exercise 5. Cho dạng đúng của động từ trong ngoặc ( Doing or To do ) BICYCLES. Bicycles were invented in the early nineteenth century as “toys” for the rich, the only people who could afford (1 – buy/ to buy / buying) ____ the early models. Later, bikes became more affordable, but few people would dare (2 – risked / to risk / risking) ____ (3 – fall / to fall / falling ) _____ in order ( 4 – try / to try / trying ) ______ one. B y 1899, one out of every six Americans had managed ( 5 – buy / to buy / buying ) _____ a bike and ( 6 – learn / to learn / learning ) ___ how ( 7 – ride / to ride / riding) ____ it. The bicycle boom was on. Even the New York Times hired reporters ( 8 – cover / to cover / covering ) ____ races and encouraged local groups ( 9 – sponsor / to sponsor / sponsoring ) ________ bicycle events. But then the automobile was invented, and its popularity threatened ( 10 – eliminate / to eliminate / eliminating ) ______ the bicycle entirely. The 1970s and the oil crisis brought new popularity to the bicycle when the government urged Americans ( 11 – not drive/ not to drive / not driving ) _____ as much. At the same time, doctors were adcising people ( 12 – get / to get / getting ) ____ more exercises. Bicycle sales skyrocketted – from fewer 7 million in 1970 to over 15 million in 1973. The popularity of bike is expected ( 14 – k eep / to keep / keeping) ____ (15 – increase/ to increase / increasing ) ___ as millions of people worldwide rely on bikes for transportation. In fact, in Washington, alone over seventy thousands bicyclists commute to their jobs daily. These cyclists risk ( 16 – hit / to hit / to be hit/ being hit ) ____ by cars, and they have ( 17 – tolerate / to tolerate / tolerating ) _____ ( 18 – breathe / to breathe / breathing-- ) _____ exhaust – filled air. Yet, bicyclists have learned ( 19 – live / to live / living ) _____ with their hazards. They refuse ( 20 – give up / to give up / giving up) _____ the exercise by bike to work everyday. Exercise 6. Viết lại câu sao cho nghĩa câu không thay đổi. 1. To pass the exam is very necessary for us. It is very necessary ______________ 2. My grandfather is very weak. He can’t even sit up. My grandfather is too ___________ 3. My brother hasn’t drunk beer for two years. My brother gave up _____________ 4. It was a waste of time writing that letter. I needn’t ______________________ 5. “ I hate to be criticised by non – professionals”, the film star said. The film star objected ____________ 6. She can’t get into the habit of studying every evening. She can’t get used _______________ 7. I wish I had paid much attention to the lecture. I regret _______________________ 8. Someone who is becoming a pilot has to spend a lot of money. B ecoming a pilot involves ________ 9. “ Yes, I did drive too fast through the town”, she said. (ADMIT) _____________________ 10. “ I w ill lend you some money, if you like” John said to me. ( OFFERED ) __________________ 11. “ If I were you, I’d accept the job”, he said to his daughter. ( ADVISED ) __________________ 12. “ Why don’t you have a holiday here?” he said to us. ( SUGGESTED ) _______________ 13. “ You must pay for the damage you’ve done”, she said. ( MADE ) _____________________ Exercise 7. Give the correct form of verbs in brackets. 1. Before she went to paris, Zena said she needed ( 1 – brush up ) _________ her French, so I gave her a few lessons. “ Why not ( – stay ) ________ for a few days after your work is over and ( 3 – practise ) _______ the language ?”. I suggested. On her return Zena was made ( 4 – open ) _________ all her bags at the customs. They must have been very suspicious of her, for they finally made her ( 5 – turn ) ______ out all her pockets. It hardly helped matters when she said in a loud voice : “ How dare you suspect me of ( 6 – smuggle ) __________. She then turned to me, who happened ( 7 – travel ) ________ with her, and said: “ How can you stand there and let me ( 8 – accuse ) _________ of something you know I haven’t done? Although I knew Jena was innocent of smuggling, I dared not ( 9 – interfere ) _____ , as I didn’t want my bags ( 10 – search ) ________ like hers. 2. Helen ! Can you help me ( 11 – find ) _______ better accommodation and a more understanding boss? When he came back from a business meeting this afternoon he expected me ( 12 – type ) ______ all the letters he had given me and ( 13 – have ) ______ them ready for him to sign. I was quick ( 14 – let ) ______ him ( 15 – know ) _______ I’d had other things ( 16 – do ) ____ besides typing his letters. I hope soon ( 17 – work ) ______ in a new job and ( 18 – live ) ________ in a flat of my own. 3. Although Sheila looks quite her younger sister, she’s very different from her in character and dislikes ( 19 – mistake ) ____ for her by strangers. Sheila’s kind but firm with the children in her classes, and doesn’t tolerate anyone ( 20 – fool about ) _____. 4. “ I haven’t finished ( 21 – talk ) _______ to your father yet”, said Mary to her son Charles, “ so don’t interrupt”. “ – Then, I’d appreciate your ( 22 – tell ) ______ me when you’ve finished so that I can get a word in”, replied Charles cheekily. 5. ( 23 – Be ) _______ my boss doesn’t excuse ( 24 – treat ) _______ me the way you do. In fact I’m not going to stand ( 25 – treat ) _________ like a slave any longer.
  3. 6. Marilyn called on her mother the other day and found her ( 28 – lie ) ______ on the sofa scarcely able ( 29 – move ) ________. When they got to the hospital she was found ( 30 – suffer ) ________ from pernicious anaemia.
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