The sequential engineering approach to product design and development typically treats design and
manufacturing as isolated activities. In this approach, the design department designs an artifact and
throws it “over the wall” to the manufacturing department without taking into consideration the manufacturing
capabilities and limitations of the shop floor. The manufacturing department, in turn, studies
the design from a manufacturability viewpoint and throws it back “over the wall” to the design department
with a list of manufacturing concerns. Typically, the artifact drawings go back and forth between the two
departments until, eventually, the drawings are approved for production. Obviously, this situation prolongs
the product realization time. Also,...