The SqlCommand Class

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The SqlCommand Class

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The SqlCommand Class You use an object of the SqlCommand class to execute a command against a SQL Server database

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  1. The SqlCommand Class You use an object of the SqlCommand class to execute a command against a SQL Server database, an object of the OleDbCommand class to execute a command against any database that supports OLE DB, such as Oracle or Access, and an object of the OdbcCommand class to execute a command against any database that supports ODBC. Table 8.1 shows some of the SqlCommand properties. Table 8.2 shows some of the SqlCommand methods. You'll learn how to use some of these properties and methods in this chapter. Table 8.1: SqlCommand PROPERTIES PROPERTY TYPE DESCRIPTION CommandText string Gets or sets the SQL statement, stored procedure call, or table to retrieve from. CommandTimeout int Gets or sets the number of seconds to wait before ending an attempt to execute the command. The default is 30 seconds. CommandType CommandType Gets or sets a value that indicates how the CommandText property is to be interpreted. Valid values are CommandType.Text, CommandType .StoredProcedure, and CommandType .TableDirect. Text indicates the command is a SQL statement. StoredProcedure indicates the command is a stored procedure call. TableDirect indicates the name of a table, for which all rows and columns are to be retrieved. The default is Text. Connection string Gets the name of the database connection. DesignTimeVisible bool Gets or sets a Boolean value that indicates whether the Command object is visible in a Windows Forms Designer control. The default is false. Parameters SqlParameterCollection Gets the parameters (if any) to supply to the command. When using a SqlConnection, the parameters are stored in a SqlParameterCollection object. Transaction SqlTransaction Gets or sets the database transaction for the
  2. Table 8.1: SqlCommand PROPERTIES PROPERTY TYPE DESCRIPTION command. UpdatedRowSource UpdateRowSource Gets or sets how the command results are to be applied to a DataRow object when the Update() method of a DataAdapter object is called. Table 8.2: SqlCommand METHODS METHOD RETURN DESCRIPTION TYPE Cancel() void Cancels the execution of the command. CreateParameter() SqlParameter Creates a new parameter for the command. ExecuteNonQuery() int Used to execute SQL statements that don't return a result set. These statements include INSERT, UPDATE, and DELETE statements, Data Definition Language statements, or stored procedure calls that don't return a result set. The int value returned is the number of database rows affected by the command, if any. ExecuteReader() SqlDataReader Used to execute SQL SELECT statements, TableDirect commands, or stored procedures that return a result set. Returns the result set in a DataReader object. ExecuteScalar() object Used to execute SQL SELECT statements that return a single value (any other values are ignored). Returns the result of the command as an object. ExecuteXmlReader() XmlReader Used to execute SQL SELECT statements that return XML data. Returns the result set in an XmlReader object. Applies only to the SqlCommand class. Prepare() void Creates a prepared version of the command. Sometimes results in faster execution of the command. ResetCommandTimeout() void Resets the CommandTimeout property to its default value. Note Although the SqlCommand class is specific to SQL Server, many of the properties
  3. and methods in this class are the same as those for the OleDbCommand and OdbcCommand classes. If a property or method is specific to SqlCommand, it says so in the Description column of the tables shown in this section. Tip You're actually better off using the T-SQL EXECUTE command rather than CommandType.StoredProcedure to execute a stored procedure. This is because you can read values that are returned from a stored procedure through a RETURN statement, which you can't do when setting the CommandType to StoredProcedure. See the section "Executing SQL Server Stored Procedures" later in this chapter.
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