The Unofficial Guide to Windows Vista P1

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The Unofficial Guide to Windows Vista P1

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It’s not every day that Microsoft releases a new operating system, so it’s with great pleasure that we offer you the Unofficial Guide to Windows Vista. Though it seems like this operating system would never see the light of day, it’s finally here and we think you’re going to like what you see.

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  1. the Unofficial ® Guide to Windows Vista ™ Derek Torres and Stuart Mudie
  2. the Unofficial ® Guide to Windows Vista ™ Derek Torres and Stuart Mudie
  3. Unofficial Guide® to Windows Vista™ Published by Wiley Publishing, Inc. 111 River Street Hoboken, NJ 07030-5774 www.wiley.com Copyright © 2007 by Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana Published simultaneously in Canada No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning or otherwise, except as permitted under Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act, without either the prior written permission of the Publisher, or authorization through payment of the appropriate per-copy fee to the Copyright Clearance Center, 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, (978) 750-8400, fax (978) 646-8600, or on the web at www.copyright.com. Requests to the Publisher for permission should be addressed to the Legal Department, Wiley Publishing, Inc., 10475 Crosspoint Blvd., Indianapolis, IN 46256, (317) 572-3447, fax (317) 572-4355, or online at http://www.wiley.com/go/permissions. The publisher and the author make no representations or warranties with respect to the accuracy or completeness of the contents of this work and specifically disclaim all warranties, including without limitation warranties of fitness for a particular purpose. No warranty may be created or extended by sales or promotional materials. The advice and strategies contained herein may not be suitable for every situation. This work is sold with the understanding that the publisher is not engaged in render- ing legal, accounting, or other professional services. If professional assistance is required, the services of a competent professional person should be sought. Neither the publisher nor the author shall be liable for damages arising here from. The fact that an organization or Website is referred to in this work as a citation and/or a potential source of further information does not mean that the author or the publisher endorses the information the organization or Website may provide or recommendations it may make. Further, readers should be aware that Internet Websites listed in this work may have changed or disappeared between when this work was written and when it is read. Wiley, the Wiley Publishing logo, Unofficial Guide and all related trademarks, logos, and trade dress are trademarks or registered trademarks of John Wiley & Sons, Inc. and/or its affiliates, in the United States and other countries, and may not be used without written permission. Microsoft and Windows Vista are trademarks or registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other coun- tries. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners. Wiley Publishing, Inc. is not associated with any product or vendor mentioned in this book. For general information on our other products and services or to obtain technical support please contact our Customer Care Department within the U.S. at (800) 762-2974, outside the U.S. at (317) 572-3993 or fax (317) 572-4002. Wiley also publishes its books in a variety of electronic formats. Some content that appears in print may not be available in electronic books. For more information about Wiley products, please visit our web site at www.wiley.com. Library of Congress Control Number: 2006939454 ISBN: 978-0-470-04576-3 Manufactured in the United States of America 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 1 Page creation by Wiley Publishing, Inc. Composition Services
  4. In loving memory of Ann D. Gray, you are gone but never forgotten To my family and friends — Derek Torres To Ellie and Justine, with love — Stuart Mudie
  5. Acknowledgements Derek Torres I’d like to first thank my good friend co-author, Stuart Mudie, for con- tributing four chapters to this book. This book certainly is richer thanks to his help. I’d also like to thank my wife, Céline, and our two lads for putting up with my seven day work weeks so that I could complete my writing. Special thanks to our brilliant team at Wiley, including our acquisitions editor Jody Lefevere (thanks for yet another opportunity to undertake a labor of love), our project editor Beth Taylor, and our tech- nical editor Jim Kelly. I’d like to thank my agent, Lynn Haller, for her dedication and hard work. Thanks to my parents, family and friends who’ve helped along the way. I’d also like to thank both Arnaud and Alan, who put me on the path to writing. Stuart Mudie Thanks to Ellie and Justine, for everything, and in particular for their patience and support during the writing of this book; my parents Marion and Bill Mudie, for all their love and encouragement, without which I wouldn’t be where I am today; my co-author Derek Torres, for his friend- ship over the years and in particular for getting me involved in this pro- ject in the first place; Lucia Holguín Diego, whose father might one day tell her why; my agent, Lynn Haller, for her hard work and dedication; and our editors Jody Lefevere, Beth Taylor and Jim Kelly, and all the other fine folks at Wiley.
  6. Credits Acquisitions Editor Project Coordinator Jody Lefevere Adrienne Martinez Project Editor Graphics & Production Specialists Beth Taylor Beth Brooks Jonelle Burns Technical Editor Jennifer Mayberry James F. Kelly Heather Ryan Copy Editor Amanda Spagnuolo Beth Taylor Quality Control Technician Editorial Manager Brian H. Walls Robyn Siesky Proofreading Vice President & Group Executive Laura L. Bowman Publisher Indexing Richard Swadley Richard Shrout Vice President & Publisher Book Interior Design Barry Pruett Lissa Auciello-Brogan Elizabeth Brooks Wiley Bicentennial Logo Richard J. Pacifico
  7. About the Authors Derek Torres is a technical communicator and author. He is the co- author of The Unofficial Guide to Windows XP and is the author of ASP.NET 2.0: Your visual blueprint for developing Web applications. He is also a contrib- utor to Microsoft’s Work Essentials Web site and Windows Vista Expert Zone. When he’s not writing, he enjoys traveling, gastronomy, and doing nothing. He is currently based in Washington DC and tracks his activities at www.derektorres.net. Stuart Mudie is a Scot living in Paris, France. A professional commu- nicator since 1995, he has worked with numerous companies in the IT and Telecommunications sectors in such fields as mobile applications and services, Web content management systems, and business intelli- gence. He has been blogging regularly about all of this (and also about food, wine, languages and music, just a few of his other loves) since 2001 at www.blethers.com.
  8. Contents Introduction.....................................................................xix I Installation, Configuration, and Customization ...............................................1 1 The Road to Windows Vista.......................................3 A brief history of Windows Vista ..................................3 What’s new in Windows Vista? .....................................6 Working with the Vista interface ...............................6 Control Panel ........................................................9 Searches.............................................................10 XPS support ........................................................11 Live Icons ...........................................................11 Borders ..............................................................12 Performance........................................................12 Sidebar and gadgets .............................................14 Ease of Access Center ............................................15 Introducing Internet Explorer 7...............................15 Improved security ................................................17 Creating backups..................................................18 Synching data .....................................................19 Speech recognition ...............................................19 Windows SideShow ...............................................20 Windows multimedia.............................................20 Windows Update ..................................................21 Other applications ................................................22 The many editions of Windows Vista ...........................22 Windows Vista Starter ...........................................23 Windows Vista Home Basic.....................................24 Windows Vista Home Premium ................................24 Windows Vista Business .........................................24 Windows Vista Enterprise .......................................25 Windows Vista Ultimate.........................................25 How it will ship....................................................26 Should I make the jump to Windows Vista?..................26 What Microsoft did right ...........................................27 What Microsoft got wrong .........................................29 vii
  9. viii CONTENTS Other members of the Vista family ..............................................31 Microsoft Windows Vista 64-bit................................................31 Microsoft Windows Vista N ......................................................31 Windows Vista Tablet PC edition ..............................................32 Choosing the right edition ......................................................32 Pricing Windows Vista ...............................................................34 Just the facts ..........................................................................35 2 Preparing for Installation........................................................37 Installation options..................................................................37 Custom installation ...............................................................38 Upgrade..............................................................................39 Dual boot installation............................................................41 Network installation ..............................................................42 Other installation options.......................................................42 Buy a new computer, get Vista free .............................................43 Upgrade your existing computer .................................................47 Use your existing hardware ........................................................50 The Windows Vista hardware compatibility list ..............................52 Collecting information about your computer.................................52 Using the System Information feature ......................................52 Putting the numbers together .................................................53 Dealing with firmware when working with hardware ....................54 Determine device driver versions ..............................................54 What’s your (file) type? .........................................................54 Internet settings ..................................................................55 The Upgrade Advisor .................................................................57 About activation and registration ...............................................58 Upgrading your current version of Windows ..................................61 If you learned anything in this chapter .......................................62 Just the facts ..........................................................................63 3 Installing Windows Vista.........................................................65 Hard drives and partitioning ......................................................65 Shedding the fat: Viva NTFS .......................................................68 Installing Windows Vista: Custom installation...............................69 Installing Windows Vista: Upgrade installation..............................76 Installing Windows Vista: Network installation..............................80 Installing Windows Vista: Dual booting with Windows ....................82 Installing Windows Vista: Dual booting with Linux ........................85 Logging on to a Domain or Workgroup ......................................87
  10. CONTENTS ix Uninstalling or removing Windows Vista.......................................87 Just the facts ..........................................................................88 4 Managing the Windows Desktop...............................................89 Meet the Welcome Center ..........................................................89 Introducing the Aero experience .................................................94 How does Aero affect Vista? ...................................................99 Aero and the Vista interface..................................................100 Back to the desktop basics.......................................................101 Time to launch and roll! .......................................................102 Using the taskbar................................................................102 Clock ............................................................................103 Volume Control...............................................................104 Network .......................................................................104 Windows Security Alerts ..................................................105 Windows Sidebar ............................................................105 Desktop resolution..................................................................105 Video cards, drivers, and management applications ......................107 Desktop backgrounds and screen savers .....................................108 Working with themes...............................................................110 Icons....................................................................................113 Relearning the Start menu .......................................................114 Start menu properties ..........................................................118 Introducing the Windows Sidebar ..............................................121 Using taskbars and toolbars .....................................................123 Taming the taskbar..............................................................123 Customizing toolbars ...........................................................125 All systems are go: The notification area .................................126 Creating shortcuts ...............................................................127 Using the Windows Help system................................................128 Working with Ease of Access ....................................................130 Working with gadgets..............................................................134 Tweaking your Vista experience.................................................136 Using Windows Update ............................................................137 Add, move, or change Windows components ...............................139 Manage applications with Task Manager .....................................142 Backwards compatibility ..........................................................144 A few more words about the Control Panel..................................145 Judgment day ........................................................................147 Just the facts ........................................................................148
  11. x CONTENTS II Manage the Vista Enviroment.....................................149 5 Managing Users ....................................................................151 The case for users...................................................................152 Add an account ......................................................................154 Modify User Accounts ..............................................................159 Changing your account name ................................................162 Create a password for your account ........................................162 Changing your picture ..........................................................165 Changing the account type ...................................................166 Deleting the account ...........................................................167 Working with Parental Controls ..............................................168 Start to take control! ......................................................169 Windows Vista Web Filter .................................................171 Time limits ....................................................................172 Games ..........................................................................172 Block specific programs ...................................................173 Other Administrator options ..................................................174 Create a password reset disk ............................................174 Manage your network passwords .......................................176 Manage your file encryption certificates.............................177 Configure advanced user profile properties .........................179 Change my environment variables .....................................179 Change group membership .......................................................180 Configure fast user switching ...................................................181 Use the Run as administrator command to switch users ................182 Use Run as Administrator from the interface ............................182 Use Run as Administrator from the command line .....................183 Create custom management consoles .........................................184 Create a new console ...........................................................186 Use your console.................................................................188 Create Taskpad views...............................................................189 Create group policies...............................................................192 Determine Group Policy settings ...............................................194 Just the facts ........................................................................196 6 Managing Files and Folders....................................................197 Change folder views ................................................................198 Would you like to supersize that?...........................................198 Working with Properties........................................................201 The anatomy of the folder........................................................202 Organize............................................................................204 What a pane! .....................................................................204 Views................................................................................206
  12. CONTENTS xi The other buttons ...............................................................206 Previous versions ................................................................206 Searches folder ...................................................................207 Windows Explorer and Vista...................................................208 Adding files and folders to the Start menu...............................208 Redirecting the Documents folder..............................................209 Create compressed files and folders ...........................................211 Turn on folder compression ...................................................212 Create compressed archives ...................................................214 Cab it! ..............................................................................215 Encrypt files and folders ..........................................................216 Advances in Vista................................................................219 Introducing Windows BitLocker™............................................219 Enable file sharing..................................................................222 Working with the Public folder ...............................................223 Which one should I use? ......................................................224 Using the Network and Sharing Center.....................................225 Other ways of sharing files....................................................228 Managing the Recycle Bin ........................................................229 A (very) few words about Indexing Service .................................230 Just the facts ........................................................................230 7 Managing Security ................................................................231 Making Windows safe ..............................................................232 Working with the Security Center ..............................................232 Easy Hacking 101: The short history of Windows security ............233 The Windows Security Center .................................................234 Checking your six ................................................................235 Windows Vista Firewall ............................................................236 Configuring Windows Firewall ................................................237 Exceptions tab ...............................................................239 Advanced tab.................................................................241 Test your firewall ................................................................243 Logging activity ..................................................................244 Working with the Advanced Firewall ........................................245 Windows Firewall properties .............................................246 Connection Security Rules................................................247 Getting ready for Windows Live OneCare .....................................248 Windows Vista Defender...........................................................249 User account protection ..........................................................252 Authentication ...................................................................253 Credentials management ......................................................253 Cryptography services...........................................................253 Using the UAC ....................................................................254
  13. xii CONTENTS Adding antivirus protection......................................................254 Windows Security Center and antivirus software ........................255 Updating your operating system.............................................256 Configuring Windows Update settings......................................258 Removing updates...............................................................260 Other Vista security features ....................................................261 Windows Service Hardening ...................................................261 Network Access Protection (NAP) ...........................................262 Integrated IPsec/firewall management....................................262 Analyze Windows security ........................................................262 Apply security templates .........................................................264 Install and manage digital certificates .......................................265 Using the Certificate Manager................................................266 Managing certificate properties..............................................267 Requesting a new certificate .................................................270 Renewing a certificate..........................................................271 Importing a certificate .........................................................271 Exporting a certificate..........................................................272 Change Data Execution Prevention settings ................................273 Audit computer and security events...........................................275 Determine effective group policies ............................................276 Audit access policies............................................................278 Audit file access .................................................................279 Review the Security log ........................................................280 The truth about Windows Mail ..................................................282 Secure Internet Explorer ..........................................................285 Just the facts ........................................................................285 8 Mastering Multimedia with Windows Vista..............................287 Introducing Windows Media Player 11 ........................................287 Getting started with Windows Media Player.................................289 Now playing ..........................................................................291 Manage your digital library ......................................................293 Create playlists ......................................................................295 Rip CDs .................................................................................297 Burn CDs ...............................................................................300 Sync with other devices...........................................................302 Using the Windows Media Center...............................................304 Navigate the Media Center interface .......................................305 Pictures + Videos ................................................................306 Music................................................................................307 TV + Movies .......................................................................308
  14. CONTENTS xiii Online Media......................................................................309 Tasks ................................................................................309 Sharing media........................................................................310 Deciding who to share with...................................................311 Deciding what to share ........................................................311 Playing your content on another device or computer..................312 Using URGE ...........................................................................313 Work with cameras..................................................................315 Import photos from your digital camera ..................................315 Tag and you shall find .........................................................316 Photo Gallery .........................................................................317 Performing tasks from the Gallery toolbar ................................318 Creating a customized screen saver.........................................319 Work with scanners .................................................................320 Create DVDs with DVD Maker.....................................................321 Work with video cameras .........................................................324 Edit video using Movie Maker 6.................................................325 Before you make a movie .....................................................325 Make a movie .....................................................................326 Work with the storyboard......................................................327 Effects and transitions .........................................................329 Titles and credits ................................................................329 Publish your movie..............................................................330 Just the facts ........................................................................331 III Networking with Windows Vista .................................333 9 Networking and the Internet .................................................335 Home networking 101 .............................................................336 Getting physical .....................................................................336 Vista Network and Sharing Center..............................................338 Network ............................................................................339 Sharing and Discovery ..........................................................341 Tasks ................................................................................342 View computers and devices.............................................343 Connect to a network......................................................344 Set up a connection or network ........................................344 Add a wireless device .....................................................348 Managing network connections ..............................................349 Diagnose Internet Connection................................................351 Windows Network Diagnostics...................................................351 Configuring broadband connections...........................................352 Configuring cable or DSL connections ........................................353
  15. xiv CONTENTS Working with wireless..............................................................354 Types of wireless protocols ....................................................355 Using wireless safely............................................................355 Setting up wireless security ..................................................357 Connecting to a wireless network ...........................................360 Configuring Internet Connection Sharing....................................362 Working with Windows Mail ......................................................364 Set up e-mail accounts.........................................................365 Securing your Windows Mail experience ...................................368 Junk E-mail ...................................................................368 Safe Senders..................................................................368 Blocked Senders .............................................................370 International .................................................................370 Phishing .......................................................................372 Encrypting messages............................................................373 Using advanced features.......................................................373 Create distribution lists ...................................................373 E-mail paranoia: Return receipts and bcc............................374 Viewing e-mail headers ...................................................375 Manage e-mail with message rules .........................................376 Set up and subscribe to newsgroups .......................................377 Using Windows Meeting Space ..................................................381 Getting Started with Windows Meeting Space............................381 Using Windows Meeting Space Safely ......................................383 Goodbye Windows Messenger, hello Live Messenger ......................383 Nice features in Windows Live Messenger .................................384 Set up the chat service.........................................................385 Chat with friends ................................................................386 The hidden gems of Windows Live Messenger ............................388 Just the facts ........................................................................389 10 Working with Windows Internet Explorer 7 .............................391 What’s new in Windows Internet Explorer 7.................................392 Enhanced security ...............................................................392 Display improvements ..........................................................393 Surfing in Protected Mode........................................................393 The Phishing Filter .................................................................395 Additional security enhancements .............................................397 ActiveX opt-in.....................................................................397 HTTPS enhancements ...........................................................397 Increased protection against spoofing.....................................398 Address bar and Status bar ...................................................399 Fixing unsafe security settings...............................................399 Tabbed browsing ....................................................................400
  16. CONTENTS xv Using Web feed tools ..............................................................401 RSS feeds? Web feeds? Atom? ...............................................402 Subscribing to Web feeds ......................................................402 Viewing Web feeds...............................................................402 Managing Web feeds ............................................................404 Searching in Windows Internet Explorer .....................................404 Adding new search providers .................................................404 Changing search defaults......................................................405 Just the facts ........................................................................407 11 Working with Network Services..............................................409 Share and manage printers.......................................................409 Install a printer ..................................................................410 Improving upon shared printers .............................................414 Manage print jobs...................................................................417 Advanced printer management techniques ..................................418 Controlling global settings ....................................................419 Adding printer security .........................................................420 Send and receive faxes ............................................................423 Configure the fax service ......................................................424 Send a fax .........................................................................427 Receive and review faxes ......................................................430 Create new fax cover pages ...................................................430 Install and configure a Web server ............................................432 Using Remote Desktop.............................................................437 Using Remote Assistance .........................................................440 Sync Center ...........................................................................443 Just the facts ........................................................................444 12 Integrating with Active Directory...........................................445 Set up a Windows domain ........................................................445 About Active Directory Objects .................................................446 Active Directory permissions and rights......................................447 Configure Windows Vista to join a domain ...............................449 Use the Network ID feature...................................................452 Find the name of your domain ..................................................454 Create and deploy logon scripts ................................................454 Write logon scripts ..............................................................455 Set logon scripts for a user ...................................................455 Install programs using IntelliMirror ...........................................458 Use assigned applications .....................................................459 Use published applications....................................................459 Search for users or printers ......................................................460
  17. xvi CONTENTS Configure the Global Catalog ....................................................461 Just the facts ........................................................................462 IV Manage the Hardware Environment .............................463 13 Working with Windows Internals............................................465 Display system information ......................................................465 Work with the System Information utility ................................468 Gone, but not forgotten........................................................469 Working with Device Manager ...................................................470 Use Task Manager ...................................................................473 Work with Event Viewer ...........................................................479 Use panes effectively ...........................................................480 Introducing Views ...............................................................482 Improve your performance .......................................................486 Monitor performance............................................................486 Use the Reliability Montior....................................................492 A generally better course ......................................................493 Windows SuperFetch .......................................................493 Automatic disk defragmentation .......................................493 Windows ReadyBoost™ .........................................................494 Go to Sleep already .............................................................494 Editing the Registry ................................................................495 Configure and control services ..................................................500 Work with Task Scheduler.........................................................503 Set up a new task ...............................................................504 Create complex schedules......................................................505 Security and reliability improvements......................................506 Options .............................................................................506 Work with the command prompt................................................508 Where am I? ......................................................................509 Switches............................................................................510 A few other commands.........................................................511 ipconfig ............................................................................512 Understand Windows PowerShell ...............................................513 Just the facts ........................................................................514 14 Working with Hard Drives ......................................................515 Monitoring system performance ................................................515 Using the System Tools.........................................................516 Character Map................................................................517 Disk Cleanup..................................................................518
  18. CONTENTS xvii Disk Defragmenter ..........................................................519 Backup Status and Configuration ......................................520 Making the case for backups.....................................................525 Using System Restore ..............................................................527 Windows Easy Transfer .........................................................529 Task Scheduler....................................................................532 Security Center ...................................................................534 System Information.............................................................534 The bottom line ..................................................................535 Creating new partitions ...........................................................536 Use the command line .........................................................538 Use the Windows interface ....................................................539 The bottom line ..................................................................540 Creating dynamic disks ............................................................540 Before you consider a dynamic disk ........................................540 Convert a basic disk to a dynamic disk ....................................541 Work with dynamic disks.......................................................542 Create a simple or spanned volume ...................................542 Extend a simple or spanned volume...................................544 Using RAID disks with Windows Vista.........................................544 Understanding disk quotas .......................................................545 Set up disk quotas ..............................................................546 Assign default quotas via the command line ............................549 Assign default quotas via the Windows interface ......................549 Work with dual monitors ..........................................................550 Configure a UPS .....................................................................551 Just the facts ........................................................................552 15 Managing Portable Computers................................................555 Goodbye hardware profiles, hello Mobility Center .........................555 Exploring power management options ........................................557 Picking the right settings ........................................................562 Understanding power states .....................................................563 Work with Tablet PCs...............................................................565 Building a better pen...........................................................565 The new and improved Input Panel.........................................566 Making writing legible..........................................................567 Understanding ClearType..........................................................568 Work with Windows SideShow ...................................................570 Setting up VPN.......................................................................571 Configure offline files..............................................................572 Just the facts ........................................................................574
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