Thiết kế đề cương môn học

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Course design involves the planning of curriculum, assessments, and opportunities for learning which attempt to meet the goals of the course and evaluate whether those goals are indeed being met. The designing of a course can be adeptly performed through the use of backwards design, which is based on the principle of working first from the material and concepts you want students to master, in order to plan how you will assess whether this learning has occurred, and this information thus guides which resources and methods of teaching are employed in order to enact learning of this material....

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  1. Phương pháp giảng dạy đại học theo học chế tín chỉ Phần 5 Thiết kế đề cương môn học Copyright © 2009 Trung tâm nghiên cứu cải tiến phương pháp dạy và học đại học – ĐH KHTN TP HCM
  2. Phương pháp giảng dạy đại học theo học chế tín chỉ Thiết kế đề cương chi tiết môn học ĐỀ CƢƠNG CHỦ ĐỀ: THIẾT KẾ ĐỀ CƢƠNG CHI TIẾT MÔN HỌC  Giảng viên: o TS. Phùng Thúy Phượng  Số tiết: 12 tiết (3 buổi)  Mục tiêu: Sau phần này, học viên có thể o Xác định tầm quan trọng/ vai trò của đề cương o Liệt kê những nội dung cần phải có trong một đề cương o Thiết kế đề cương môn học o Đánh giá một đề cương môn học  Đánh giá: o Thảo luận o Bài tập  Tài liệu tham khảo: o Preparing a course: course design o Preparing a course: building a syllabus o Example course syllabus-guide for course outlines in the Faculty of Science o Syllabus components - What you might include in your syllabi o Write the syllabus o Evaluation Rubric for Peer Review of Course syllabi o Fink’s Five Principles of Good Course Design o Syllabus rubric o Rubric to Evaluate Syllabus  Tài liệu tham khảo đọc thêm: o o cors.htm o s5.htm o pln1.htm o us.htm o o Creating a syllabus Copyright © 2008 TT Nghiên Cứu Cải Tiến Phương Pháp Dạy và Học Đại Học – ĐH KHTN TP HCM
  3. Phương pháp giảng dạy đại học theo học chế tín chỉ Thiết kế đề cương chi tiết môn học Các hoạt động và nội dung chính: Buổi 1: Mục tiêu:  Học viên xác định tầm quan trọng của việc thiết kế đề cương;  Học viên liệt kê được các nội dung chính của đề cương Nội dung Hoạt động Thời lƣợng Thiết kế đề cƣơng môn học Giới thiệu 5’ Động não (Brainstorming) 2’ Các câu hỏi Làm việc theo cặp 3’ Bản đồ tư duy 10’ - Tầm quan trọng của việc Trình bày bản đồ tư duy 30’ thiết kế đề cương; Đọc tài liệu 45’ - Các nội dung chính của đề cương Preparing a course: course design - Làm thế nào để thiết kế một đề cương môn học Preparing a course: building a syllabus Example course syllabus-guide for course outlines in the Faculty of Science Syllabus components- What you might include in your syllabi Write the syllabus Thảo luận 30’ Trình bày 40’ Bài tập về nhà Viết đề cương một môn học ( mỗi nhóm chọn một môn học để viết đề cương) Buổi 2: Mục tiêu:  Học viên có thể thiết kế đề cương môn học  Học viên có thể xây dựng các tiêu chí đánh gíá một đề cương môn học Nội dung Hoạt động Thời lƣợng Trình bày đề cương 25’ Thiết kế đề cƣơng môn học Trình tự thiết kế đề cương môn học 10’ Backward design 5’ Câu hỏi - Sử dụng và quản lýCác tiêu chí đánh gía đề cương thời gian trên lớp có hiệu quả. 10’ Đọc tài liệu 45’ Trình tự thiết kế đề cương môn học Fink’s Five Principles of good course design Đánh gía đề cƣơng môn học Evaluation Rubric for Peer Review of Course syllabi Copyright © 2008 TT Nghiên Cứu Cải Tiến Phương Pháp Dạy và Học Đại Học – ĐH KHTN TP HCM
  4. Phương pháp giảng dạy đại học theo học chế tín chỉ Thiết kế đề cương chi tiết môn học Câu hỏi Syllabus rubric Những tiêu chí đánh gía đề cương môn học? Rubric to Evaluate Syllabus Bài tập: Xây dựng tiêu chí đánh giá đề cương Thảo luận 30’ Trình bày 40’ Buổi 3: Mục tiêu:  Học viên có thể đánh giá đề cương môn học Nội dung Hoạt động Thời lƣợng Tổng kết các tiêu chí đánh giá 45’ Đánh giá đề cƣơng môn học Đánh giá chéo đề cương 30’ Hoàn chỉnh đề cương 45’ - Sử dụng và quản lý Trìnhgian trên lớp có hiệu quả. thời bày 45’ Copyright © 2008 TT Nghiên Cứu Cải Tiến Phương Pháp Dạy và Học Đại Học – ĐH KHTN TP HCM
  5. Phương pháp dạy và học theo học chế tín chỉ Thiết kế đề cương chi tiết môn học PREPARING A COURSE: COURSE DESIGN Course design involves the planning of curriculum, assessments, and opportunities for learning which attempt to meet the goals of the course and evaluate whether those goals are indeed being met. The designing of a course can be adeptly performed through the use of backwards design, which is based on the principle of working first from the material and concepts you want students to master, in order to plan how you will assess whether this learning has occurred, and this information thus guides which resources and methods of teaching are employed in order to enact learning of this material. Four questions from Wiggins & McTighe (1998) are suggested as a guide for condensing the course’s material into a few key topics: • To what extent does the idea, topic, or process represent a “big idea” having enduring value beyond the classroom? • To what extent does the idea, topic, or process reside at the heart of the discipline? • To what extent does the idea, topic, or process require uncoverage? • To what extent does the idea, topic, or process offer potential for engaging students? Also consider the goals and characteristics of your future students. Some reasons that students may be taking your course include: to develop a philosophy of life, to learn to interpret numerical data, to understand scientific principles or concepts, to learn to effectively communicate, to learn to organize ideas, or to understand how researchers gain knowledge. As the instructor, you can use this information, along with your own goals for the course, to guide your course structure and teaching pace. After having determined which material will guide the course design, the next step in backwards design is to establish the criteria you will employ to evidence student learning. Instead of using a lone cumulative exam to assess learning, however, backwards design is guided by the concept that understanding increases across time, as students process, reassess, and connect information. Therefore, assessments to measure this increasing level of understanding should be conducted throughout the semester, using a variety of methodologies such as discussions, tests and quizzes, projects, and assessments in which students analyze their own level of understanding. Once key concepts and assessment criteria have been decided upon, you can then focus on which teaching methodologies and activities you will use to help students reach these course goals. In this manner, teaching is driven by the concepts that are 185
  6. Phương pháp dạy và học theo học chế tín chỉ Thiết kế đề cương chi tiết môn học crucial to the course, rather than the course being driven by the teaching methodology itself. Resources: Wiggins, G. & McTighe, J. (1998). Understanding by Design. Merrill Prentice Hall: Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 186
  7. Ph ng pháp d y và h c theo h c ch tín ch Thi t k c ng chi ti t môn h c PREPARING A COURSE: BUILDING A SYLLABUS Start with the basic information of the course, including the year and semester of the course, the course title and number, number of credits, and the meeting time/place. Provide your name, office address (and a map if it’s hard to find), and your contact information. Indicate whether students need to make appointments or may just stop in. If you list a home number, be specific about any restrictions for its use. Next, clarify what prerequisites, knowledge, skills, or experience you expect students to have or courses they should have completed. Suggest ways they might refresh skills if they’re uncertain about their readiness. When discussing the course, outline the course purpose(s); what is the course about and why would students want to learn the material? Outline the three to five general goals or objectives for the course (see Course design for more information), and explain why you’ve arranged topics in a given order and the logic of themes or concepts you’ve selected. When discussing the course format and activities, tell students whether the class involves fieldwork, research projects, lectures, and/or discussion, and indicate which activities are optional, if any. In regard to the textbooks & readings, include information about why the readings were selected. Show the relationship between the readings and the course objectives. Let students know whether they are required to read before class meetings. Also detail any additional materials or equipment that will be needed. Specify the nature and format of the assignments, and their deadlines. Give the exam dates and indicate the nature of the tests (essay, short–answer, take–home, other). Explain how the assignments relate to the course objectives. Describe the grading procedures, including the components of the final grade and weights for each component. Explain whether you will grade on a curve or use an absolute scale, if you accept extra credit work, and if any of the grades can be dropped. Also explain any other course requirements, such as study groups or office hour attendance. Clearly state your policies regarding class attendance, late work, missing homework, tests or exams, makeups, extra credit, requesting extensions, reporting illnesses, cheating and plagiarism. You might also list acceptable and unacceptable classroom behavior. Let students know that if they need an accommodation for any type of disability, they should meet with you to discuss what modifications are necessary. Include a course calendar with the sequence of course topics, readings, and assignments. Exam dates should be firmly fixed, while dates for topics and activities may be tentative. 187
  8. Ph ng pháp d y và h c theo h c ch tín ch Thi t k c ng chi ti t môn h c Also list on the course calendar the last day students can withdraw without penalty. Give students a sense of how much preparation and work the course will take. Finally, a syllabus is a written contract between you and your students. End with a caveat to protect yourself if changes must be made once the course begins; e.g., “The schedule and procedures in this course are subject to change in the event of extenuating circumstances.” For more information, please see Ombud’s Website. Resources: Appleby, Drew C. “How to improve your teaching with the course syllabus.” APS Observer, May/June 1994. Davis, Barbara Gross. Tools for teaching. San Francisco: Jossey–Bass, 1993. “Syllabus Checklist.” (2002). Teaching Matters, 6 (1), 8. This material is drawn from Eddy, Judy. (2001). Creating a Syllabus. Handout. 188
  9. Ph ng pháp d y và h c theo h c ch tín ch Thi t k c ng chi ti t môn h c Example Course Syllabus Guide for Course Outlines in the Faculty of Science Introduction A typical, informative course outline will range anywhere from 3 to 6 pages, or perhaps more in some cases, for example where week-by-week or lecture-by-lecture descriptions are included. Course outlines may be provided on the web (e.g., ACE) or in hard copy. Note that if a course outline is made available only on-line and a student requests a hard copy, an instructor is obliged to provide the hard copy. A good course outline should include most or all of the following elements. Note that some items below marked with an asterix (*) indicate that specific types of information are mandatory – these are related to student assessment, discipline and grievances. Course description Include an informative course description. Minimally, this could be the official calendar description, or an enhanced version (preferred). Other details that might be presented are where the course fits into a discipline, who the course might appeal to, how or where knowledge gained from the course may be applied, or how the course draws from and relates to other courses in the program/plan. Also be sure to indicate how the course is delivered – lectures with chalkboard, PowerPoint, or seminars, etc. If this course has a web presence, include relevant details. You might also consider indicating the nature of teaching and learning activities students might expect – will there be small group discussions, collaborative labs, or special projects? Is there anything else that is especially unique about your course? Course learning objectives Describe these from the students’ perspective – what will they learn, be able to do, or better appreciate. Learning objectives can be broad or they can be narrow and focused on course details. A course may have several learning objectives that reflect one or more overarching institutional philosophies like learning to think critically, communicating clearly or looking at issues in a global context. Objectives should be measurable, where possible, and specific. More focused learning objectives could be at the departmental or discipline-level. Examples include: For a course in molecular biology – “Explain techniques used to monitor DNA, RNA or protein abundance, recognizing the benefits and limitations of each technique”; For a course in computational chemistry – “Calculate potential energy surfaces for chemical reactions”; 189
  10. Ph ng pháp d y và h c theo h c ch tín ch Thi t k c ng chi ti t môn h c For a course in solid state physics – “Explain the operation and use of several modern electronic devices, including the p-n junction, transistors, opto-electronic devices, etc.”; For a course in Earth history – “Examine the concepts and approaches used in the stratigraphic analysis of rocks and sediments”. Contact information Identify instructor(s), teaching assistants; indicate office or help locations, telephone numbers, email addresses. Some of these details, particularly those pertaining to TAs, might not be available if the outline is prepared far ahead of time, of course. Also include office hours (if any), and the preferred way for students to contact either instructor(s) or TAs. If you have a preference for how students should contact you by email, provide a clear example (e.g., using course-identifying subject lines such as “BIOL 130 query”). You may also want to indicate what kinds of email will be responded to. If your class is large and email communication concerning course material could be overwhelming, you may decide to emphasize that no emails about course content will be answered via email and students must instead must use office hours, class or tutorial time. Also useful is an indication whether you will respond to emails on weekends. You might want to provide an indication of when a student might expect to hear back (e.g., mornings) or the expected length of time that students might wait for a response (e.g., within 24 hours). Resources Include full details regarding course texts (required, recommended), course notes, laboratory manuals, other materials required (e.g., clickers, calculators – programmable or not), library reserves, relevant URLs, etc. Course topics Provide the full list of primary and secondary topics – more detailed outlines may do this on a week-by-week or lecture-by-lecture basis. Expectation of student commitment to the course Estimate the number of hours, on average, that a student should devote to your course each week. Consider all aspects – lectures, labs, tutorial, reading, assignments, etc. and break them out individually if this might be useful. If there is an uneven work load, indicate when those times are. *Student assessment Indicate clearly how grade assessment will be done – this information must be included in any course outline (see section below for other mandatory statements). What are the values of exams, assignments, essays and other tools used for grade assessment? If there is a participation element, including attendance, to the grading scheme, explain precisely the expectation. Indicate unambiguously the penalties for late submissions and course policy for missed course elements, including exams. Indicate if accommodations of any sort will 194
  11. Ph ng pháp d y và h c theo h c ch tín ch Thi t k c ng chi ti t môn h c be considered and whether this will occur only with verified Verification of Illness Forms (VIF), counseling letters, etc. Indicate if there is opportunity to make up missed grading elements, such as mid-terms, or whether the grading scheme will be modified, for example the missing assignment or mid-term weight assigned to the final exam instead. You might also include a statement encouraging students to bring their VIFs to the Science Undergraduate Office for verification and filing. Also be sure to include due dates for their assignments and essays, as well as the scheduled dates for quizzes and mid-terms. Indicate that students are expected to check the appropriate UW websites for details concerning final examinations and various course drop deadlines. Statement for students with disabilities Although not mandatory, instructors should consider incorporating the following statement into their course outlines: “Note for students with disabilities: The Office for Persons with Disabilities (OPD), located in Needles Hall, Room 1132, collaborates with all academic departments to arrange appropriate accommodations for students with disabilities without compromising the academic integrity of the curriculum. If you require academic accommodations to lessen the impact of your disability, please register with the OPD at the beginning of each academic term.” Statement regarding travel and the final examination period It may be useful to include the statement that “Student travel plans are not considered acceptable grounds for granting an alternative examination time.” (see Instructors should include here the exact dates of the exam period for that term. The final exam schedule is usually posted about 5 or 6 weeks into the term, so a reminder in the outline encouraging students when to check may be useful: for Fall exams “…start checking toward the end of October” for Winter exams “…start checking in the middle of February” for Spring exams “…start checking in the middle of June”. Changes to Course Outlines If appropriate, include a statement that some types of course details may be revised (e.g., topics treated, emphasis on certain topics, etc.). When circumstances do arise such that it becomes necessary to change some aspect of a course, students need to be informed of this as soon as possible so they have ample opportunity to respond. This applies to outlines in hard copy as well as on-line. While it is reasonable in some situations that certain elements of a course outline might “evolve” over the term (e.g., range of topics to be treated in course), the grading scheme and other elements related to evaluation cannot change. If minor changes are made to non-grading elements of the outline, the new outline should draw attention to these changes. If changes are made, an instructor has to be able to show an archive of the outline from the time it was first made available to students at the beginning of a course. 195
  12. Ph ng pháp d y và h c theo h c ch tín ch Thi t k c ng chi ti t môn h c Other special considerations or rules If there are other rules or policies that you want your students to know about (e.g., protocols for participating in course chat rooms or e-submission of assignments), explain clearly what they need to know. If a student has a concern related to how a lab assignment was graded, who should be contacted – the TA? Lab instructor? Course instructor? If you have a policy about recording (audio, video) lectures, indicate it. If there you have a preference for a particular citation style for assignments or essays, this should also be conveyed, and perhaps you could point to a source of guidance for this information. Also consider how you wish to handle unclaimed student submissions (e.g., assignments, quizzes). You must hold on to these for a year, unless you notify students otherwise that you intend to keep them only for a shorter length of time and after that time the material in question will be securely destroyed. *Expectation of Academic Integrity Instructors should be very clear about their expectation of Academic Integrity in their courses. You are encouraged to include the following optional statement in your course outline: “To create and promote a culture of academic integrity, the behaviour of all members of the University of Waterloo should be based on honesty, trust, fairness, respect and responsibility.” The statement below regarding Academic Integrity must be included in course outlines. “Note on avoidance of academic offences: All students registered in the courses of the Faculty of Science are expected to know what constitutes academic integrity, to avoid committing academic offences, and to take responsibility for their actions. When the commission of an offence is established, disciplinary penalties will be imposed in accord with Policy #71 (Student Discipline). For information on categories of offences and types of penalties, students are directed to consult Policy #71 ( If you need help in learning what constitutes an academic offence; how to avoid offences such as plagiarism, cheating, and unauthorized resubmission of work; how to follow appropriate rules with respect to “group work” and collaboration; or if you need clarification of aspects of the discipline policy, ask your TA and/or your course instructor for guidance. Other resources regarding the discipline policy are your academic advisor and the Undergraduate Associate Dean.” Courses that include group work should have clear statements of what an acceptable amount of collaboration is and what is unacceptable; relevant examples might help student avoid problems. It might also be a good idea to remind students that the same level of academic integrity is expected on an assignment worth 2% as one worth 50%. The Faculty of Arts has an excellent website on “Avoiding Academic Offences” – ( Refer students to this site as most of it is very applicable to Science students as well, regardless of the courses they are in. The following URL is a useful one to refer students to concerning citation styles: 196
  13. Ph ng pháp d y và h c theo h c ch tín ch Thi t k c ng chi ti t môn h c *Student Grievances Another statement that must be included in course outlines concerns student grievances: “Students who believe that they have been wrongfully or unjustly penalized have the right to grieve; refer to Policy #70, Student Petitions and Grievances,” Student Appeals Although not mandatory, another useful statement to include in light of earlier statements on Policy 70 and Policy 71 is the following: “Concerning a decision made under Policy 33 (Ethical Behaviour), Policy 70 (Student Petitions and Grieveances) or Policy 71 (Student Discipline), a student may appeal the finding, the penalty, or both. Students who believe that they have grounds for an appeal should refer to Policy 72 (Student Appeals)” March 3, 2008 Mario Coniglio, Ph.D. Associate Dean of Science, Undergraduate Studies Faculty of Science University of Waterloo 197
  14. Ph ng pháp d y và h c theo h c ch tín ch Thi t k c ng chi ti t môn h c SYLLABUS COMPONENTS WHAT YOU MIGHT INCLUDE IN YOUR SYLLABI Basic Identifying Information Course title and number, section number, crn, number of units Term (e.g., Fall 2001) Meeting time and location Your name, office address, telephone number, fax number, email address URLs for course and faculty member Your office hours Teaching assistant and hours Prerequisites Prerequisite courses, knowledge, skills, etc. Suggestions for refreshing knowledge, skills, etc. Course Purpose and Objectives Overview of course purpose Explanation of what course is about and why students would want to learn the material List of student learning goals or objectives Ties to program learning goals or objectives Course Structure Conceptual structure used to organize the course Format of activities for the course Readings and Web assignments Projects, papers, exams, etc. Nature and format of assignments, expected lengths, deadlines Nature of tests Relationship of assignments to learning objectives Expectations for written work (e.g., style, length, word processing requirements, etc.) Role of technology in the course Required Purchases Texts/Workbooks/ and supplies (required/optional/suggested) Where they can be purchased Grading Procedures Grading components and weights Grading criteria Extra credit policy Exam dates and coverage Other Course Policies Attendance 198
  15. Ph ng pháp d y và h c theo h c ch tín ch Thi t k c ng chi ti t môn h c Late work Missing homework Test make-ups Requesting extensions Reporting illnesses Academic honesty: cheating and plagiarism [see college catalog or schedule of classes] Student and faculty responsibilities in the learning process Accommodations for physical or learning disabilities Classroom civility guidelines Course Calendar Topics Readings Assignment deadlines Important drop dates Supplementary Information Estimated student workload Study hints or guides Glossary References, recommended readings or URLs, library materials on reserve Campus resources (e.g., tutors) Handouts, lecture outlines, etc. Campus Expectations for Syllabi The University Handbook (Section 303.1) states that: Faculty members shall provide a course syllabus to students in each of their classes which, in addition to standard information (e.g., instructor name, course name, date, etc.) contains at least the following information: a) course objectives b) assignment and exam due dates c) grading policy d) campus policy on academic dishonesty e) other - in accordance with departmental guidelines. CSUB Catalog and Class Schedule Information Academic Freedom. Page 53 of the 1999-2001 Catalog or page 47 of the Fall schedule. Academic Honesty. Page 53 of the 1999-2001 Catalog or page 47 of the Fall schedule. Classroom Conduct. Page 53 of the 1999-2001 Catalog or page 47 of the Fall schedule. Nondiscrimination Policy. Pages 76-77 of the 1999-2001 Catalogy or page 47 of the Fall schedule. 199
  16. Ph ng pháp d y và h c theo h c ch tín ch Thi t k c ng chi ti t môn h c Academic Calendar. Page 5 of the Fall Schedule (Note last day to withdraw without a “W”; last day to withdraw for serious and compelling reason; holidays; SOCI week; last day of classes; and final exam day. Final Exam Schedule. Page 97 of the Fall schedule. Use this to determine your official final exam day and time. Other Resources Online syllabi examples (e.g., the World Lecture Hall at provides links to Web pages created by faculty from a variety of disciplines worldwide.) Or, contact the Web pages of faculty in your discipline at other campuses. TLC Books on Teaching (e.g., McKeachie’s Teaching Tips; Preparing Instructional Objectives; Designing & Assessing Courses & Curricula). Browse the TLC library at http://www.csub. edu/~tlc/library.html TLC Handouts: Handouts from the TLC that deal with a variety of teaching/learning issues, such as “Integrating Learning Objectives into Courses and Course Syllabi.” Most can be downloaded from the site (, or copies can be provided by contacting the TLC. TLC Online Links: Links to a variety of pedagogical sites ( Your syllabus is a university commitment to students to teach the course according to the guidelines you set. It also is a reflection of you, your teaching philosophy, and your attitudes towards students—take time to make it an accurate reflection. 200
  17. Ph ng pháp d y và h c theo h c ch tín ch Thi t k c ng chi ti t môn h c Write the Syllabus Syllabi serve several important purposes, the most basic of which is to communicate the instructor’s course design (e.g., goals, organization, policies, expectations, requirements) to students. Other functions commonly served by a syllabus include: To convey our enthusiasm for the topic and our expectations for the course To show how this course fits into a broader context ( the big picture ) To establish a contract with students by publicly stating policies, requirements, and procedures for the course To set the tone for the course, and convey how we perceive our role as the teacher and their role as students To help students assess their readiness for the course by identifying prerequisite areas of knowledge To help students manage their learning by identifying outside resources and/or providing advice To communicate our course goals and content to colleagues What’s in a syllabus? A syllabus usually includes the following components: COMPONENT DESCRIPTION (Labels link to components of real (See also samples of whole syllabi.) syllabi.) Course number and title, semester and year, number of units, meeting times and Title page location, instructor and TA information (e.g., name, office, office hours, contact information) A brief introduction to the course: scope, Course description purpose and relevance of the material. Skills and knowledge you want students Course objectives to gain. Explanation of the topical organization of Course organization the course Required (and/or optional) books (with authors and editions), reserve readings, Materials course readers, software, and supplies with information about where they can be obtained Courses students need to have taken before yours (or at the same time); prerequisite skill sets (e.g., programming Prerequisites and co requisites languages, familiarity with software). Provide advice on what students should do if they lack these skills (e.g., drop the 201
  18. Ph ng pháp d y và h c theo h c ch tín ch Thi t k c ng chi ti t môn h c course; get outside help; study supplementary material you will provide) What students will have to do in the course: assignments, exams, projects, performances, attendance, participation, Course requirements etc. Describe the nature and format of assignments and the expected length of written work. Provide due dates for assignments and dates for exams. What will the final grade be based on? Provide a breakdown of components and an explanation of your grading policies Evaluation and grading policy (e.g., weighting of grades, curves, extra credit options, the possibility of dropping the lowest grade) Policies concerning attendance, participation, tardiness, academic integrity, missing homework, missed exams, recording classroom activities, food in class, laptop use, etc. Describe your expectations for student behavior Course policies and expectations (e.g., respectful consideration of one another’s perspectives, open mindedness, creative risk taking). Let students know what they can expect from you (e.g., your availability for meetings or e mail communication). A day to day breakdown of topics and Course calendar assignments (readings, homework, project due dates) How to use the syllabus; how to study for the course (how to read efficiently and effectively, whether readings are to be Advice done before or after the class they pertain to, when to start assignments, approved forms of collaboration, etc.); how to seek help. When should you write your syllabus? Writing your syllabus should come late in the process of course design, after the course is essentially planned, but well before the first day of class. You’ll notice that of Fink’s 12 questions to ask oneself when designing a course (below), the question pertaining to the syllabus comes in #11! (Fink, 2003) 202
  19. Ph ng pháp d y và h c theo h c ch tín ch Thi t k c ng chi ti t môn h c o Where are you? (situational constraints) o Where do you want to go? (learning objectives) o How will you know if students get there? (assessments) o How are you going to get there? (learning activities) o Who and what can help? (resources) o What are the major topics in this course? (organization) o What will the students need to do? (specific learning activities) o What is the overall scheme of learning activities (integrating instructional strategy with course structure) o How are you going to grade? o What could go wrong? (debugging design) o How will you let students know what you are planning? (syllabus) o How will you know how the course is going, and how it went? (planning feedback) General advice on writing a syllabus: o If you are new to teaching, or to a department, look at the syllabus of a colleague – preferably someone known to be an excellent instructor as a rough model of format and style. Syllabi vary according to disciplinary and departmental conventions, and while there is plenty of room for individual variation and creativity in syllabus design, it’s a good idea to see what the norm is before you begin. o Anticipate student questions and concerns and try to address them in your syllabus. Research indicates that the pressing concerns for students when beginning a course are: Will I be able to do the work? Will I like the professor? Will the subject matter interest me? Is it relevant to what I want to do? Do I have the prerequisite skills and knowledge to succeed? Can I handle the workload? Is it possible for me to get a good grade? What sorts of policies does this instructor have regarding attendance, late work, participation, etc.? (loosely adapted from Davis, 1993) Addressing student concerns will help them to align their expectations with yours, give them a sense of your teaching styles and priorities, and allow them to make more informed decisions about whether or not to take the course. o Distribute the syllabus on the first day of class and go over key points with students. Make it clear to them that they are responsible for everything in the syllabus, and reference the syllabus in class periodically to remind them of its content. To encourage students to read the syllabus carefully, some instructors actually give students a short quiz via an on 203


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