Tiếng Trung Cho người mới bắt đầu học

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Những người chưa biết gì về tiếng Trung Quốc khi bắt đầu theo học sẽ được giáo viên dạy cho phần phiên âm (pinyin) trong khoảng hai đến ba buổi đầu. Sau đó để kịp tiến độ theo đúng kế hoạch giảng dạy mà trung tâm đề ra thì những bài tiếp theo phải được dạy và học với tốc độ chóng mặt …

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Nội dung Text: Tiếng Trung Cho người mới bắt đầu học

Đào Ngọ c Sắc 0984464415
Beginning Chinese Basic




中文
"ZHONGWEN"


CHINESE
MADE FUN
...AND EASY AS...


一二 三!
Anne Bingham

白老师双语班
纽约长岛十峰中文学校
2003-2004




1
Đào Ngọ c Sắc 0984464415
Beginning Chinese Basic


In order to start speaking Chinese, you'll first need to know how to
make the sounds. There are four tones in Chinese.


The first is level.
The second is rising.
The third is dipping.
The fourth is falling.




Please note:
"a" makes the sound of someone getting their throat checked.
"o" makes the sound of "floor" with a heavy LI accent
"i" makes the "ee" sound except after zh,ch,shi and ri.
"ei" makes the "ei" in eight sound
"u" makes the sounds of "oo" in boo
"u" makes a tight, curled "eeww" sound.




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Đào Ngọ c Sắc 0984464415
Beginning Chinese Basic



Names of Basic Strokes:
一, 六, 大
1. heng
十, 中, 上
2. shu
小, 六
3. dian
文, 人, 大
4. pie
八, 人
5. na
红, 我, 江
6. ti
你, 字
7. heng gou
小, 你
8. shu gou

9. xie gou

10. wan gou

11. heng zhe

12. shu zhe

13. heng pie

14. shu ti

CSL-2 Will only be tested on the stroke names up to this point but
should be familiar and recognize the remaining stroke names
below. Possibly an extra credit question on final?!

15. shu wan

16. pie zhe
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Đào Ngọ c Sắc 0984464415
Beginning Chinese Basic




17. pie dian

18. heng zhe gou

19. shu wan gou

20. shu zhe zhe gou

21. heng zhe zhe pie
heng pie wan gou 那
22.

23. heng zhe wan gou
heng zhe zhe zhe gou 奶
24.

Stroke Order

下 十
First across and then down.


人 天
First slant down left then right.


三 足
Start at the top and work down


红 你
First left then right




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Đào Ngọ c Sắc 0984464415
Beginning Chinese Basic



月 肉
First outside/then inside

山 这
First inside then outside

小 水
First middle then two sides

日 四
First what's inside a "box" then close it up



Colors: 颜色=Yanse
Please learn how to say and recognize the following in Chinese:

黑色
heise black
白色
baise white
红色
hongse red
黄色
huangse yellow
蓝色
lanse blue
绿色
luse green
灰色
huise grey
Sentence Patterns:
你最喜欢什么颜色?
Ni zui xihuan shenme yanse?
What's your favorite color?
我最喜欢蓝色.
Wo zui xihuan lanse.
My favorite color is blue.

F.Y.I. may be an extra credit question.
粉红
fenhongse pink
5
Đào Ngọ c Sắc 0984464415
Beginning Chinese Basic


棕色
zongse brown
紫色
zise purple
橙黄色
chenghuangese orange




Meats/Seafood
Please learn how to say and recognize the following in Chinese:

鸡肉
jirou chicken
牛肉
niu rou beef



猪肉 pork
zhu rou

羊肉 lamb
yang rou





yu

xia shrimp
龙虾
longxia lobster



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Đào Ngọ c Sắc 0984464415
Beginning Chinese Basic


THIS PATTERN is fun and EASY TO LEARN TRY IT!
"Ni xiang chi shenme rou? Ni yao bu yao chi yu?"
你想吃什么肉? 你要不要吃鱼?
"What kind of meat would you like to eat. Do you want to have fish?"



Earth Elements



jin gold




huo fire




mu wood





tu dirt,earth

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Đào Ngọ c Sắc 0984464415
Beginning Chinese Basic





shui water


地理 Dili Geography

shan mountain
火山
huoshan volcano

hu lake

he river
森林
senlin forest

hai ocean
沙漠
sha mo desert
田地
tiandi farmland
农村
nongcun countryside
旷野
kuangye fields
Sentence Patterns:
中国和美国都有森林和沙漠.
Zhongguo he meiguo dou you shenlin he shamo.
Both the US and China have forests and deserts.
中国有火山吗?
Zhongguo you huoshan ma?
Does China have volcanoes?


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Đào Ngọ c Sắc 0984464415
Beginning Chinese Basic




方向
Directions - Fangxiang


dong east

nan south
西
xi west

bei north

The above can be followed with "fang" "bian" or "bu"
方 边 部 which are all variations of place/side/section.


Sentence Pattern:
中国的山东省在哪儿? Where is China's Shandong Province?
zhongguo de shandong sheng zai nar?
中国的山东省是在中国的东北部. It's in northeast China.
zhongguo de shandong sheng shi zai zhongguo de dong bei bu.




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Đào Ngọ c Sắc 0984464415
Beginning Chinese Basic



Front/Back/Left/Right

后 hou=back, rear



左 右
zuo=left you=right




* qian=front
*This represents a front view


Qian/hou is usually proceeded by zai 在:




他在前面看书. He's in the front reading.. "Ta zai qian mian kan shu ."




他住在学校的右边
.

"Ta zhu zai xuexiao de youbian. "He lives to the right of the school."




10
Đào Ngọ c Sắc 0984464415
Beginning Chinese Basic




季节
jijie seasons


春天
chuntian Spring



夏天
xiatian Summer




秋天
qiutian Fall


冬天
dongtian Winter


Sentence Pattern: Ni zui xihuan shenme jijie?
最喜欢什么季节? What's your favorite season?




11
Đào Ngọ c Sắc 0984464415
Beginning Chinese Basic




Clothing:Yifu 衣服
帽子
maozi hat
毛衣
maoyi sweater
大衣
dayi coat
雨衣
yu yi rain coat
内衣
neiyi under clothes
衬衫
chenshan dress shirt
裤子
kuzi trousers/pants
短裤
duanku shorts
袜子
wazi socks
鞋子
xiezi shoes
书包
shubao bookbag
皮包
pibao leather purse
钱包
qian bao wallet
Sentence Pattern: Ni de yifu zai nar mai de?
你的衣服在哪儿买的? Where'd you buy your clothes?




12
Đào Ngọ c Sắc 0984464415
Beginning Chinese Basic




水果 Shuiguo

苹果
ping guo apple
香蕉
xiang jiao banana
橙子
cheng zi orange
葡萄
pu tao grapes
西瓜
xi gua watermelon
草莓
cao mei strawberry
桃子
tao zi peach
芒果
mang guo mango
菠萝
boluo pineapple
樱桃
ying tao cherry
Sentence Pattern: Wo jiejie ai chi xigua.
我姐姐爱吃西瓜. My sister loves watermelon.




13
Đào Ngọ c Sắc 0984464415
Beginning Chinese Basic




Things in the Sky

太阳
taiyang sun
月亮
yueliang moon
星星
xingxing star
地球
diqiu Earth

yun clouds
行星
xingxing planet
星系
xingxi solar system
Sentence Pattern:
Tian shang you yueliang he xing xing. Yueliang liang liang de xing
xing shan shan de.
天上有月亮和星星. 月亮 亮亮的...星星 闪闪的.
The moon and stars are in the sky. The moon is bright and the stars
twinkle.




14
Đào Ngọ c Sắc 0984464415
Beginning Chinese Basic



Vehicles


汽车
qiche car

自行车
zi xing che bike
公共汽车
gong gong qi che bus
火车
huo che train
飞机
feiji airplane


chuan boat

小划船
xiao hua chuan row boat

轮船
lun chuan ship

救护车
jiu hu che ambulance

救火车
jiu huo che fire engine

Sentence pattern:
Ni hui bu hui kai che? Do you know how to drive a car?
你会不会开车?
Ni de feiji piao yijing mai le mei you?
你的飞机票已经买了没有? Did you buy your plane ticket yet?




15
Đào Ngọ c Sắc 0984464415
Beginning Chinese Basic


感情 GanQing/Thoughts/Feelings




高兴
gaoxing happy!
不高兴
bu gaoxing not happy, upset
希望
xiwang hope, wish
失望
shiwang disappointed, let down
记得
ji de remember, recall
忘了
wang le forget, forgot

xiang miss

pa scared, afraid
生气
shengqi angry, mad
着急
zhaoji nervous, worried
Sentence Patterns
今天是她的生日. 她很高兴.
Jintian shi ta de shengri. Ta hen gaoxing.
Today is her birthday. She is very happy.
他叫什么名字? 我忘. Ta jiao shenme mingzi? Wo wang le.
What is his name? I forgot it.
他不会游泳. 他害怕. Ta bu hui you yong. Ta pa shui.
He doesn't know how to swim. He's afraid.
别着急...我们会想办法. Bie zhaoji...women hui xiang banfa.
Don't worry...we'll find a way.




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Đào Ngọ c Sắc 0984464415
Beginning Chinese Basic



Let's Start Talking Chinese!
你好! 你叫什么名字? 你多大? 你有什么爱好?
ni hao! ni jiao shenme mingzi? ni duo da? ni you shenme ai hao?
你喜欢运动吗? 你喜欢看电影吗?
ni xihuan yundong ma? Ni xihuan kan dianying ma?
你喜欢音乐吗?你喜欢做什么?
ni xihuan yinyue ma? nixihuan zuo shenme?
你忙不忙? 你饿不饿? 你累不累?
ni mang bu mang? ni e bu e? ni lei bu lei?
你今天要/想做什么?
ni jintian yao/xiang zuo shenme?
你喜欢学中文吗? 难不难学?
ni xihuan xue zhongwen ma? nan bu nan?
你会不会写字?
ni hui bu hui xie?
你要不要到我家来玩?
ni yao bu yao dao wo jia lai wan?
请你到我家吃饭, 好不好?
qing ni dao wo jia chi fan hao bu hao?
好! 谢谢! 什么时候? 几点钟?
hao! xie xie! shenme shihou? jidian zhong?
你喜欢吃什么? 你喜欢吃中国菜吗?
ni xihuan chi shenme? ni xihuan chi zhongguo cai ma?




17
Đào Ngọ c Sắc 0984464415
Beginning Chinese Basic




天气
Weather tianqi
下雨
Rain xia yu
下雪
Snow xiaxue
晴朗
Sunny/clear qinglang

cold leng

hot re
大风
windy da feng
狂风暴雨
storm kuangfengdayu
Sentence pattern:
今天的天气很好...很晴朗. Jintian de tianqi hen haoi...hen
qinglang. The weather is really nice (sunny and clear) today.
北京的冬天很冷.Beijing de dontian hen leng. Beijing winter's are cold.
夏天天气很热. Xiatian tianqi hen re .It's hot in the summer.




18
Đào Ngọ c Sắc 0984464415
Beginning Chinese Basic




Foods:

cha tea
牛奶
niunai (cow's) milk
鸡蛋
jidan eggs
面包
mianbao bread
面条
miantiao noodles
炒面
chaomian fried noodles
蔬菜
shucai vegetables
米饭
mifan rice

tang soup
包子
baozi steamed bun
肉包
roubao meat bun
点心
dianxin dessert
Sentence:
这个菜很好吃...很新鲜. 我吃得很饱, 谢谢!
zhege cai hen hao chi. hen xinxian. wo chi de hen bao xie,xie!
This is delicious...very fresh. I'm very full...thank you.




19
Đào Ngọ c Sắc 0984464415
Beginning Chinese Basic


Basic Grammar Patterns:

是 我是老师. Wo shi laoshi.
shi
I am the teacher.

们 我们, 你们, 他们 women, nimen, tamen
men
你们是学生. Nimen shi xuesheng
You are the students.



的 他是我的同学.Ta shi wo de tongxue.
de
He's my classmate.


比 我比他大.
bi Wo bi ta da.


(noun) zai (place) (verb)
他 在 美国 学中文.
我们 在 饭店 吃饭.
他 在 国图书馆 看书.

(noun) shi zai (place) (verb) de.
这本书 是 在 中国 买 的.
他 是 在 上海 学 的.
我 是在 北京 来的.
Common Verbs:


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Đào Ngọ c Sắc 0984464415
Beginning Chinese Basic





chi to eat

kan to look at, read

ting to hear, listen to

pao to run

zuo to do, or make
买/卖
mai/mai buy/sell

xie to write

wan to play ("hang out")
拉小提琴
la xiao tiqin play violin
弹钢琴
tan gangqin play the piano
提足球
ti zuqiu play soccer
画画
hua hua paint, draw
唱歌
chang ge sing
跳舞
tiaowu dance




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