Trắc nghiệm tổng hợp trình độ C

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Nội dung Text: Trắc nghiệm tổng hợp trình độ C

 

  1. Trắc nghiệm tổng hợp trình độ C 1. In 1950, a teenager was simply someone _________ between 13 and 19. old aged aging grown old 2. A whole series of industries, which were ________ at the teenage market, grew up during the 1950s. pointed pinpointed directed steered 3. Therefore, cinemas became more expensive to get to, and in ________ audience numbers declined even more. consequence eventuality sequence result 4. A man's suit of 1925 would not have looked out of ________ in 1950 or 1985. shape condition place display 5. ______________ mainly to changes in technology, clothes today are much cheaper. Due Prior According Related 6. My manager has ________ some questions about his business. raised arisen risen aroused
  2. 7. As he always said, he took a scientific __________ in the unexplained. attention outlook research interest 8. The Hays Code was often the ___________ of jokes, very often because it was so specific. topic subject aim object 9. By the time the children get to four or five, they have already been ________ into their social roles. grown prepared suited conditioned 10. Men still expect their jobs to take ____________. superiority priority imposition seniority 11. Uncontrollable bush fires __________ by high winds engulfed nearly 300 houses in the states of Victoria and South Australia. blown inflated fanned flown 12. A six-meter shark dies after trying to swallow a man ______. complete entire whole total 13. Help is _________ for sufferers from the flue epidemic which broke out before Christmas. on the way in the way by the way
  3. over the way 14. In the late 1970s a newspaper _________ an opinion poll. operated conducted created caused 15. After a lot of difficulty, he __________ to open the door. managed succeeded obtained realised 16. Finding the money is just one of the problems _________ in buying a house. gathered united joined involved 17. Modern architecture, in many _________ , is horribly ugly. means reasons examples cases 18. The examiners often __________ extremely difficult questions for the literature exams. set invent compose create 19. ______________ that he only started learning it two years ago, his English is excellent. Wondering Accounting Thinking Considering 20. She ____________ 20 pounds out of the bank every Monday. pulls draws extracts takes
  4. 21. Marietta had _______ (a ferocious) appetite after running that race. an endless a helpful a poor a fierce 22. The tops of the _______ (a submerged) mountain chain form the islands of Japan. a huge a spacious an underwater a rocky 23. Hungting and killing lions was a favorite _________ (pastime) of Assyrian Kings. hobby sport vocation method 24. he ______ (fervently) believed that the hard work would be worthwhile in the long run. strongly beautifully hopefully assiduously 25. There was no way to ________ (pacify) the workers once the strike had begun. fire calm down assist promote 26. When the bell rang, the chemistry student ________ (jerked) her hand and spilled the acid. abruptly pulled clapped gently moved rubbed 27. ________ (subsequent) events proved the man to be right. Few Later
  5. Earlier Many 28. He is _______ (dubious) about the success of the plan. confident articulate indifferent doubtful 29. His natural intelligence and his experience enabled him to ______ (cope) with the problem. grow play deal stay 30. The man _______ (neglected) to file his income tax and therefore had to pay a fine. hoped failed promised refused 31. As soon as the consumer protection law was passed, some manufacturers began to ________ to have it changed. object revolt campaign quarrel 32. I'm so tired that I can't take __________ what you're saying. up out in on 33. Prizes are awarded _________ the number of points scored. resulting from adding up presented to according to 34. When her millionaire father died, the heiress ____________ a fortune. came into came at
  6. came through came to 35. After his grilfriend left him, George determined never ________ in love again. to fall falling for to fall having fallen 36. __________, Nathan Hale was a young schoolteacher living in Connecticut. When the American Revolution began The American Revolution It was when the American Revolution The beginning of the American Revolution 37. Penguins usually do not get wet ____________ their feathers are kept oily by tiny oil glands. so despite because yet 38. In explaining the theory of relativity, the scientist states that mechanical laws that are true in one place _____________ equally valid in any other place. being they should be are to be 39. ____________ is called erosion. The wearing away of land When the land wears away Land which wears away Wearing away land 40. ___________ we drove the horses into the stable. Aware that a tornado was brewing Because a tornado brewing Although a tornado was brewing A tornado was brewing 41. _____________ to find stars in pairs. It is very common
  7. Being very common Very common is That is very common 42. For the first time ____________, large portions of the universe can be observed simultaneously. since history in history history began of the beginning of history 43. The committee has met and ____________. they have reached a decision it has formulated themselves some opinions its decision was reached at it has reached a decision 44. Precausions are taken _____________ a hurricane threatens to strike the coast of the United States. whenever however always whether 45. Tears _______ anger and tension naturally. are relieved relieving relieve what they relieve 46. In a single day, _________ are as many as thousands of people involved in business deals in one area. yet they ever there 47. Paper ________ from cellulose fibers. is produced producing produced which is produced 48. She wanted to serve some coffee to her guests; however, _______________. she hadn't many sugar
  8. there was not a great amount of the sugar she did not have much sugar she was lacking in amount of the sugar 49. Having been served lunch, __________________. the problem was discussed by the members of the committee the committee discussed the problem it was discussed by the committee members the problem a discussion of the problem was made by the members of the committee 50. __________________ received law degrees as today. Never so many women have Never have so many women The women aren't ever Women who have never 51. Bigamy is a situation in which a man ___________ two women at the same time. marries to is marry to married is married to 52. Bees have compound eyes ____________ of almost 6000 tiny lenses. made over made in made on made up 53. ________________ the reactions of people with amnesia, scientists are learning more about the process of memory in the brain. By studying To study They study They're studying 54. ________________ in any electric typewriter is the ability to correct spelling errors. There are many new features New features The new features One of the new features
  9. 55. The weather in the far north is not _______________ it is near the Equator. like humid as as humid as humid as so humid that 56. A dog __________ on his owner's lap may refuse to eat from a bowl on the floor. fed is fed was fed to feed 57. The impact of two vehicles can cause a lot of ________ to both. damage damages damaging damagings 58. The greatest ___________ between fresh water and sea water lies in its concentration of salt. difference that is a difference difference is difference 59. 'Sky-diving' must be one of the most exciting sport ____________. to watch for watch for watching on watch 60. On Tuesday August 11th, 1911 a young artist, Louis Beraud, arrived at the Louvre in Paris __________ a painting of the Salen Carré. who complete who completed to complete on completing 61. Questions 61- 68: Chester Arthur, the twenty-first President of the United States, was an unlikely holder of the highest office in the land. Born in Vermont in 1830, he was son of an Irish immigrant father and a New Hampshire mother. After becoming a lawyer in New York, he joined
  10. the Republican Party and eventually came to hold a number of state offices there, including a position as head of the New York Customs House. Though personally honest, Arthur's administration was marred by corrupt practices, and he was removed from office in 1878. When James Garfield was elected as the Republican Party's presidential candidate in 1880, Arthur, who belonged to a faction that had supported the renomination of President Grant, was offered the Vice-Presidency as a concilatory gesture. Arthur accepted, and then, in 1881, was elevated to the Presidency following Garfield's assasination. In view of his far-from-unblemished record and his lack of strong political support, even within his own party, Arthur's move to the White House was viewed with great concern by many Americans, but, to the astonishment of most, his administration proved to be a competent and honest one. However, he never was elected President in his own right, being defeated for the nomination at his party's convention in 1884, and dying in November two years later of Bright's disease during the presidency of a Democrat, Grover Cleveland. 61: How does the writer describe the fact that Arthur became President? as disliked as eventual as improbable as conciliatory 62. Chester Arthur was .... of mixed Iris-American stock born of Irish parents born in New Hampshire born in New York 63. Which of the following best describes Arthur's tenure as the head of the New York Customs House? a thorougly corrupt admisnitration one suffering from much corruption that Arthur, though not involved, failed to remedy one which, in spite of the efforts of honest officials, was made corrupt by its leader one in which corruption was not eradicated from Arthur's office until 1878. 64. Why was Arthur invited to become Garfield's running-mate?
  11. because his support for President Grant was half-hearted because of his previous record in office because Garfield wanted to hold the Republican Party together because there was a danger of Garfield's being assasinated 65. During his years as President, Arthur was a cause of great concern to the American people a pleasant surprise to most people far from unblemished in his conduct the focus of strong political support 66. Who was the twentieth President of the United States? Grover Cleveland Ulysses S.Grant Chester Arthur James Garfield 67. In his bid for re-election, Arthur was defeated by ... a fellow Republican Bright Grover Cleveland an unnamed Democrat 68. How old was Chester Arthur when he died? 48 51 54 56 69. Questions 69-75 Horace Pippin, as an African-American soldier during World War I, was wounded in his right arm. He discovered, however, that by keeping his right wrist steady with his left hand, he could paint and draw. Pippin was not trained, but his artistic sensitivity and intuitive feel for two-dimensional design and the arrangement of color and patterns made him one of the finest Primitive artists America has produced. Pippin did a series of paintings on the abolitionist John Brown and one on his war experiences, but he shied away from social issues for the most part and achieved his greatest success with scenes of the people and places of his hometown of West Chester, Pennsylvania. His "Domino Players", featuring four women gathered around a wooden table in a simple kitchen setting, is an excellent example of his rural domestic scenes. 69: According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true about primitive art?
  12. It is two-dimensional. Colors and patterns are important Artists do not have to be trained for it It is used primarily for paining portraits 70. Horace Pippin discovered he could paint and draw... during World War I when he completed his artistic training when someone reminded him of his artistic sensitivity by holding his right wrist steady with his left hand. 71. Where in the passage is the name of Pippin's hometown mentioned? Lines 6-7 Line 9 Line 11 Lines 13-14 72. It may be inferred from the passage that Pippin had a simple upbringing was obsessed with the subject of abolition was devastated by his war experiences wanted nothing to do with his past 73. The word "arrangement" in the passage could best be replaced by which of the following? purpose fixture composition blend 74. With which of the following statements would the author probably agree? Horace Pippin was a poorly trained, mediocre artist. Primitive art is an excuse for lack of training and talent. Horace Pippin made a significant contribution to American art. Horace Pippin placed too much emphasis on social issues in his work. 75. This passage would most likely be required reading in which course? Anthropology Drama Sociology Art History
  13. 76. Questions 76-80 A preventive medicine specialist may have found the reason for the "addictive" properties of regular exercise. The finding may also explain why athletes often fail to notice an injury until after the competition is over. Dr. Lee S. Berk has found that persons who exercise regularly produce high levels of a natural opiate called beta- endorphin in response to strenuous activity. This substance, a hormone produced by brain and the pituitary gland, increases pain tolerance, counters stress, and imparts a feeling of well-being. In his study of six men and six women who were tested on a treadmill, those who jogged regularly and were physically fit produced beta- endprphin more rapidly and in far greater amounts than those who were usually sedentary. After the activity was stopped, beta- endorphin vevels drops back to normal. In the nonrunners, only a small rise in beta-endorphin occured while they exercised. However, a larger increase in beta-endorphin production was noted some time after the activity was finished, when it was ineffective. Dr.Berk noted that beta-endorphin production may also account for other benefits of vigorous exercise, sich as its ability to lower blood pressure and suppress appetite, both of which are known effects of the hormone. "Beta-endorphin may also explain why people become addicted to exercise," Dr. Berk said. 76: According to the passage, all of the following are direct effects of beta-endorphin, EXCEPT reduced stress a feeling of well-being an increased tolerance of pain improved physical strength 77. In persons who exercise regularly, beta-endorphin is produced while they are exercising after vigorous activity is over as soon as an injury occurs whenever their blood pressure rises 78. How many people participated in the study? 6 12 18 24 79. According to the passage, which of the following is true of people who get no strenuous physical exercise?
  14. They usually have high blood pressure. They do not generally feel well. They produce little beta-endorphin. They outnumber those who jog regularly. 80. It can be inferred from the passage that which of the following people might benefit the most from the effects of beta-endorphin? Those who want to lose weight. Those addicted to opiates. Those who work inefficiently. Those with low blood pressure 81. Questions 81-90 Botany, the study of plants, occupies a peculiar position in the history of human knowledge. For many thousands of years, it was the one field of awareness about which humans had anything more than the vaguest of insights. It is impossible to know today just what our Stone Age ancestors knew about plants, but from what we can observe of preindustrial societies that still exist, a detailed learning of plants and their properties must be extremely ancient. This is logical. Plants are the basis of the food pyramid for all living things, even for other plants. They have always been enormously important to the welfare of people, not only for food, but alsoo for clothing, weapons, tools, dyes, medicines, shelter and a great many other purposes. Tribes living today in the jungles of the Amazon recognize literally hundreds of plants and know many properties of each. To them, botany, as such, has no name and is probably not even recognized as a special branch of "knowledge" at all. Unfortunately, the more industrialized we become the farther away we move from direct contact with plants, and the less distinct our knowldge of botany grows. Yet everyone comes unconsciously on an amazing amount of botanical knowledge, and few people will fail to recognize a rose, an apple, or an orchid. When our Neolithic ancestors, living in the Middle East about 10,000 years ago, discovered that certain grasses could be harvested and their seeds planted for richer yields the next season, the first great step in a new association of plants and humans was taken. Grains were discovered and from them flowed the marvel of agriculture: cultivated crops. From then on, humans would increasingly take their living from the controlled production of a few plants, rather than getting a little here and a little there from many varieties that grew wild - and the accumulated knowledge of tens of thousands of years of experience and intimacy with plants in the wild would begin to fade away. 81: Which of the following assumptionsabout early humans is expressed in the passage?
  15. They probably had extensive knowledge of plants. They divided knowledge into well-defined fields. They did not enjoy the study of botany. They placed great importance on owndership of property. 82. The word "peculiar" in the passage is closest in meaning to .... clear large unusual important 83. What does the comment "This is logical" in the passage mean? There is no clear way to determine the extent of our ancestors' knowledge of plants. It is not surprising that early humans had a detailed knowledge of plants. It is reasonable to assume that our ancestors behaved very much like people in preindustrial societies. Human knowledge of plants is well organized and very detailed. 84. The phrase "properties of each" in the passage refers to each... tribe hundred plant purpose 85. According to the passage, why has general knowledge of botany declined? People no longer value plants as a useful resource. Botany is not recognized as a special branch of science. Research is unable to keep up with the increasing number of plants. Direct contact with a variety of plants had decreased. 86. In the passage, what is the author's purpose in mentioning "a rose, an apple, or an orchid?" To make the passage more poetic. To cite examples of plants that are attractive. To give botanical examples that most readers will recognize To illustrate the diversity of botanical life. 87. According to the passage, what was the first great step toward the practice of agriculture? The invention of agricultural implementations and machinery. The development of a system of names for plants. The discovery of grasses that could be harvested and replanted.
  16. The changing diets of early humans. 88. The word "controlled" in the passage is closest in meaning to... abundant managed required advanced 89. The relationship between botany and agriculture is similar to the relationship between zoology (the study of animals) and ... deer hunting bird watching sheep raising horseback riding 90. Where in the passage does the author describe the benefits people derive from plants? Lines 1-2 Lines 8-12 Lines 14-16 Lines 19-22 91. Questions 91-100 We live in a scientific age, which means that everything we do is based on rational decisions and careful investigation of the facts. Nobody is given a job because his eyes are blue, even though we sometimes refer to the boss's favourite as his "blue-eyed boy." Nobody buys a house because the moon shines through the bedroom windows on certain nights in the month. We would not dream of marrying someone simply because of the shape of their fingernails. No, we all agree that we act, or try to act, sensibly and as a result of using our brains. If this is the case, I should like to know what makes so many people read the horoscopes which are to be found in practically every newspaper and magazine in the country. They will tell you, of course, that they do not believe a word of it, that it is all nonsense, just a bit of fun. And yet horoscopes are big business. There is a good living to be made from writing "professional" horoscopes for people who are prepared to provide their full name, and the date, time and exact place of birth, together with a handsome fee. I recently got someone to do my horoscope. (I did not pay for it, so to that extent I feel superior!) and I would not mind reproducing part of it for you to see. I say "part of it" because it is very long and you might get bored after a while, although the lady who did it for me asserts that I only want you to see the bits that are most flattering. Now, of course, I do not believe in what she wrote, and I think she
  17. describes my character accurately for the simple reason that she knows me very well anyway. But I have been unnerved more than a few times in my life by being identified at once as a "Gemini" type by people who did not know anything about me, except what they had been able to learn from a short acquaintance. Similarly, I once had my palm read by a young lady who did not know me at all. Please understand that I did not really believe in palmistry at the time. My reason for letting her read my palm was that she was a very pretty young lady, and it seemed an excellent excuse for holding her hand, or rather letting her hold mine, and getting to know her better. Our relationship, I regret to say, did not develope owing to the sudden arrival of her regullar boy-friend, but she had had enough time by then to do a character sketch of me that was devastatingly accurate. I was so impressed by her performance that I got another lady (who was not quite so young or pretty, so at least I had no ulterior motive this time) to show me how to interpret the lines of the hand, and other features such as hand shape, relative length of the fingers and so on. I tried out my new-found knowledge in a number of light-hearted situations, but it soon became something more than a mere party trick. I have sometimes been so accurate in my interpretations of the good and bad features of character that I have unintentionally offended people I liked. It is important to distinguish between reading hands to interpret character, and reading hands to predict an individual's future; the former seems much more likely to have some basis of truth than the latter. All the same, we have all met people who have been told things about their future by gypsies, clairvoyants and the like, and who swear that these things have come true. Many quite ordinary people, who make no special claims to have the gift of foresight, have had premonitions of such misfortunes as illness, deaths in the family and accidents; so many, in fact, that there must be more to this business of foretelling the future than meets the eye. The paradox is that in this scientific age, when we claim to believe only what we can prove, we go on reading horoscopes or visiting the fortune teller at the fair, which are almost certainly worthless; but at the same time, we refuse to take seriously the few scientific investigations that have been made into what we might call the paranormal or the supernatural. Obviously, we want to have our cake and eat it. Personally, I remain completely sceptical about astrology, but I am convinced that our minds and our bodies are much mroe complex than we realise. Therefore; it is foolish to reject some kinds of human experience just because at the moment we cannot find any rational scientific explanation for them. 91: The writer sees a contradiction between the popualrity of
  18. horoscopes and the fact that... most people say they are nonsense. we live in a scientific age. newsspaper horoscopes are not scientifically prepared. they are quite expensive when they are done professionally. 92. The writer will reveal only parts of his horoscopes, not the whole thing, because he... is ashamed of some parts of it. only wants us to see the complimentary parts. does not think we would be interested in the whole thing. simply wants to illustrate his argument (point of view). 93. The writer thinks his horoscope was accurate because the woman who wrote it... had spent many years studying astrology. already knew that he was born under the sign "Gemini". did it out of interest, not for money. already knew a lot about him. 94. The first time the writer had his palm read, it was because he wanted to... find out more about palmistry. hold a young lady's hand. get to know a young lady better. see how much the young lady knew about him 95. He wanted to learn how to read hands because... he thought it would be an amusing thing to do at parties. his interest had been aroused by having his own hand read. he was looking for an excuse to know a young lady. it was a way of finding out if there was a scientific explanation for palmistry 96. The young lady who first read his palm gave a description which was... very upsetting for him. very close to the truth about his character. very brief and sketchy. very amusing and light-hearted 97. As far as foretelling the future is concerned, the writer believes that... even quite ordinary people can sometimes do it. only special gifted people can do it.
  19. nobody can really do it. most people only do it for money. 98. The writer has sometimes upset people when reading their hands because he has... placed too much emphasis on their bad features. left out a lot of important information. not taken it seriously enough. described their characters very accurately. 99. According to the writer, our usual reaction to any scientific investigation into the paranormal is one of... indifference - we really don't care very much. amazement - we are surprised by what is revealed. interest - we are fascinated by the subject. incomprehension - we really don't understand what it is all about. 100. The writer's views about the paranormal can be summarised as follows: he thinks that we should... make more scientific investigations into such phenomena. remain completely sceptical about such things. not dismiss the paranormal as nonsense just because we cannot explain everything scientifically at the time. be able to explain all paranormal phenomena in terms of natural laws.
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