Windows Server 2008 (P2)

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Windows Server 2008 (P2)

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Windows Server 2008 is the latest release of the Windows Server operating system. Over the years, it has evolved quite dramatically from the early days of Windows NT Server or even Windows 2000 Server. With the release of Windows 2008, Microsoft again has introduced a number of new technologies intended to help IT professionals improve their ability to provide network services to the clients they serve.

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Nội dung Text: Windows Server 2008 (P2)

  1. xxx Windows Server 2008 Unleashed Managing Terminal Services Using WMI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 834 Remotely Managing a Terminal Session . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 835 Applying Service Packs and Updates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 835 Performing Disaster Recovery on a Terminal Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 835 Part VIII Desktop Administration 26 Windows Server Administration Tools for Desktops 839 Managing Desktops and Servers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 840 Operating System Deployment to Bare-Metal Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 840 Managing Updates and Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 840 Supporting End Users and Remote Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 841 Operating System Deployment Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 841 Manual Installation Using Installation Media . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 841 Unattended Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 841 Manufacturer-Assisted Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 841 Cloning or Imaging Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 842 Windows Server 2008 Windows Deployment Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 843 WDS Image Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 844 Boot Images . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 844 Installation Images. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 844 Discover Images . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 844 Capture Images . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 844 Installing Windows Deployment Services (WDS). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 845 Configuring the WDS Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 845 DHCP Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 848 Adding a Boot Image to the WDS Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 848 Adding Install Images to the WDS Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 850 Deploying the First Install Image . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 850 Creating Discover Images. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 853 Creating Bootable Media with Discover Boot Images and the Windows Automated Installation Kit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 854 Pre-creating Active Directory Computer Accounts for WDS . . . . . . . . . . 856 Creating Custom Installations Using Capture Images. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 859 Customizing Install Images Using Unattended Answer Files . . . . . . . . . 861 Creating Multicast Images . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 862 General Desktop Administration Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 863 27 Group Policy Management for Network Clients 865 The Need for Group Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 866 Windows Group Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 866
  2. Contents xxxi Local Computer Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 867 Local Security Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 867 Local Administrators and Non-Administrators User Policies . . . . . . . . . 867 Domain Group Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 868 Security Configuration Wizard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 868 Policy Processing Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 868 Group Policy Feature Set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 870 Computer Configuration Policy Node . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 870 User Configuration Policy Node . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 873 Planning Workgroup and Stand-Alone Local Group Policy Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 874 Creating Local Administrators and Non-Administrators Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 875 Planning Domain Group Policy Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 877 Policies and Preferences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 878 Domain GPOs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 880 Domain Controller GPOs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 882 Active Directory Site GPOs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 883 Small Business . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 883 Delegated Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 884 Managing Computers with Domain Policies. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 886 Creating a New Domain Group Policy Object . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 887 Creating and Configuring GPO Links . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 887 Managing User Account Control Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 887 Creating a Software Restriction Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 890 Deploying Printers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 892 Configuring Remote Desktop and Remote Administration Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 897 Configuring Basic Firewall Settings with Group Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 898 Configuring Windows Update Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 901 Creating a Wireless Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 902 Managing Users with Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 905 Configuring Folder Redirection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 906 Removable Storage Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 909 Managing Microsoft Management Console Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 910 Managing Active Directory with Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 911 Fine-Grained Password Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 912 Configuring Restricted Groups for Domain Security Groups . . . . . . . . . 915 Extending Group Policy Functionality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 919 Deploying Software Packages Using Domain Group Policy Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 921
  3. xxxii Windows Server 2008 Unleashed Synchronous Foreground Refresh . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 925 GPO Modeling and GPO Results in the GPMC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 926 Managing Group Policy from Administrative or Remote Workstations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 929 Part IX Fault Tolerance Technologies 28 File System Management and Fault Tolerance 935 Windows Server 2008 File System Overview/Technologies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 935 Windows Volume and Partition Formats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 936 NTFS-Formatted Partition Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 936 File System Quotas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 936 Data Compression . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 937 Data Encryption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 937 File Screening. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 937 Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 937 Remote Storage Service (RSS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 938 Distributed File System (DFS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 938 Distributed File System Replication (DFSR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 939 File System Management Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 939 File System Monitoring and Reporting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 939 File System Access Services and Technologies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 940 Windows Folder Sharing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 940 Distributed File System (DFS) Namespaces and Replication . . . . . . . . . . 940 WWW Directory Publishing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 940 File Transfer Protocol Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 940 Secure File Transfer Protocol (SFTP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 941 Windows SharePoint Services (WSS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 941 Services for NFS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 941 Services for Macintosh . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 941 Windows Server 2008 Disks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 942 Master Boot Record Disks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 942 GUID Partition Table (GPT) Disks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 942 Basic Disk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 942 Dynamic Disk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 943 Partition or Volume . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 943 Mount Point . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 943 Simple Volumes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 943 Spanned Volumes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 944 Striped Volumes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 944 Fault-Tolerant Volumes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 944 Mirrored Volumes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 944 RAID-5 Volumes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 944
  4. Contents xxxiii Utilizing External Disk Subsystems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 945 Hardware-Based Disk Arrays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 945 Boot from Storage Area Networks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 945 Managing External Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 945 External Storage Support Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 946 Managing Windows Server 2008 Disks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 946 The Disk Management MMC Snap-In. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 946 Diskpart.exe Command-Line Utility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 946 Adding a New Disk to Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 946 Converting Basic Disks to Dynamic Disks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 948 Creating Fault-Tolerant Volumes Using Disk Management . . . . . . . . . . . 948 Creating a Fault-Tolerant Volume Using Diskpart.exe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 950 System File Reliability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 952 System File Stability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 952 Adding the File Services Role . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 953 Managing Data Access Using Windows Server 2008 Shares . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 955 Access-Based Enumeration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 956 Client-Side Caching and Offline Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 956 Managing Folder Shares . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 957 Volume-Based NTFS Quota Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 960 File Server Resource Manager (FSRM) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 961 Uses of File Server Resource Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 962 Installing the File Server Resource Manager Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 963 FSRM Global Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 964 Configuring Quotas with File Server Resource Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 964 Adjusting Quotas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 965 Creating a Quota Template . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 966 Creating File Screens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 967 Creating a File Screen Template . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 968 File Screen Exceptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 969 Generating Storage Reports with FSRM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 970 Troubleshooting File System Services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 971 The Distributed File System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 972 DFS Namespaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 972 DFS Replication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 973 DFS Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 974 DFS Replication Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 975 Planning a DFS Deployment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 975 Configuring File Share and NTFS Permissions for DFS Root and Folder Targets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 976 Choosing a DFS Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 976 Planning for DFS Replication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 976 Determining the Replication Topology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 977
  5. xxxiv Windows Server 2008 Unleashed Installing DFS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 978 Creating the DFS Namespace and Root . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 978 Adding an Additional Namespace Server to a Domain-Based Namespace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 980 Creating a DFS Folder and Replication Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 981 Best Practices for DFS Replication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 984 Managing and Troubleshooting DFS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 984 Taking a Target Offline for Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 985 Disabling Replication for Extended Downtime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 986 Limiting Connections to Site DFS Targets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 986 Backing Up DFS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 987 Using the Volume Shadow Copy Service. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 987 Using VSS and Windows Server Backup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 988 Configuring Shadow Copies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 988 Recovering Data Using Shadow Copies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 989 29 System-Level Fault Tolerance (Clustering/Network Load Balancing) 993 Building Fault-Tolerant Windows Server 2008 Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 994 Powering the Computer and Network Infrastructure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 994 Designing Fault-Tolerant IP Networks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 995 Designing Fault-Tolerant Server Disks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 996 Increasing Service and Application Availability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 997 Windows Server 2008 Clustering Technologies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 997 Windows Server 2008 Cluster Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 999 Determining the Correct Clustering Technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1001 Failover Clusters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1002 Network Load Balancing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1002 Overview of Failover Clusters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1003 Failover Cluster Quorum Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1003 Choosing Applications for Failover Clusters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1004 Shared Storage for Failover Clusters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1005 Failover Cluster Node Operating System Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1009 Deploying Failover Clusters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1009 Installing the Failover Clustering Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1011 Running the Validate a Configuration Wizard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1011 Creating a Failover Cluster. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1013 Configuring Cluster Networks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1015 Adding Nodes to the Cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1016 Adding Storage to the Cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1017 Cluster Quorum Configuration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1018 Deploying Services or Applications on Failover Clusters. . . . . . . . . . . . . 1019 Configuring Failover and Failback . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1021
  6. Contents xxxv Testing Failover Clusters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1022 Failover Cluster Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1026 Removing Nodes from a Failover Cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1027 Cluster Migration and Upgrades . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1027 Backing Up and Restoring Failover Clusters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1028 Failover Cluster Node—Backup Best Practices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1028 Restoring an Entire Cluster to a Previous State . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1029 Deploying Network Load Balancing Clusters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1030 NLB Applications and Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1030 Installing the Network Load Balancing Feature. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1031 Creating Port Rules. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1031 Port Rules Filtering Mode and Affinity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1032 Using Cluster Operation Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1033 Configuring Network Cards for NLB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1033 Creating an NLB Cluster. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1033 Adding Additional Nodes to an Existing NLB Cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1037 Managing NLB Clusters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1039 Backing Up and Restoring NLB Nodes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1039 Performing Maintenance on an NLB Cluster Node . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1039 30 Backing Up the Windows Server 2008 Environment 1043 Understanding Your Backup and Recovery Needs and Options . . . . . . . . . . . 1044 Identifying the Different Services and Technologies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1044 Identifying Single Points of Failure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1044 Evaluating Different Disaster Scenarios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1044 Prioritizing the Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1046 Identifying Bare Minimum Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1046 Determining the Service-Level Agreement and Return-to-Operation Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1047 Creating the Disaster Recovery Solution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1048 Disaster Recovery Solution Overview Document. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1048 Getting Disaster Recovery Solutions Approved . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1049 Documenting the Enterprise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1049 Developing a Backup Strategy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1050 Assigning Tasks and Designating Team Members . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1050 Creating Regular Backup Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1051 Windows Server Backup Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1051 Backup Storage Support and Media Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1051 Backup Media Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1053 Backup Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1053 Windows Server Backup MMC Snap-In . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1054 Windows Backup Command-Line Utility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1054
  7. xxxvi Windows Server 2008 Unleashed Using Windows Server Backup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1054 Installing Windows Server Backup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1054 Scheduling a Backup Using Windows Server Backup and Allocating Disks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1058 Running a Manual Backup to a Remote Server Share . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1060 Storing a Backup on DVD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1062 Managing Backups Using the Command-Line Utility wbadmin.exe . . . . . 1063 Viewing Backup History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1064 Running a Manual Backup to Remote Storage Using wbadmin.exe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1064 Backing Up Windows Server 2008 Role Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1064 Backing Up the System State . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1065 Backing Up Active Directory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1066 Certificate Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1068 Domain Name Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1069 Windows Internet Naming Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1070 Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1070 Distributed File System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1071 Internet Information Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1071 Windows SharePoint Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1071 Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1073 Enabling Shadow Copies for Shared Volumes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1074 Windows Server 2008 Startup Options. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1075 Emergency Management Services Console Redirection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1075 31 Recovering from a Disaster 1077 Ongoing Backup and Recovery Preparedness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1077 Project Management Office (PMO) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1078 Change Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1079 Disaster Recovery Delegation of Responsibilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1080 Achieving 99.999% Uptime Using Windows Server 2008 . . . . . . . . . . . 1081 When Disasters Strike . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1081 Qualifying the Disaster or Failure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1081 Validating Priorities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1082 Assume and Be Doomed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1082 Synchronizing with Business Owners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1082 Communicating with Vendors and Staff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1082 Assigning Tasks and Scheduling Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1083 Keeping the Troops Happy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1083 Recovering the Infrastructure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1083 Postmortem Meeting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1083
  8. Contents xxxvii Disaster Scenario Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1084 Network Outage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1084 Physical Site Failure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1084 Server or System Failure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1085 Recovering from a Server or System Failure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1087 Access Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1087 Data Corruption and File and Folder Recovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1092 Managing and Accessing Windows Server Backup Media . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1095 Windows Server Backup Managed Disks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1095 DVD Media . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1095 Windows Server Backup Volume Recovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1096 Windows Server 2008 Data Volume Recovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1096 Windows Server 2008 System Volume Recovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1097 Windows Complete PC Restore . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1099 Complete PC Restore to Alternate Hardware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1099 Recovering Role Services and Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1099 Windows Server 2008 System State Recovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1100 System State Recovery for Domain Controllers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1101 DHCP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1104 Windows SharePoint Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1104 Part X Optimizing, Tuning, Debugging, and Problem Solving 32 Optimizing Windows Server 2008 for Branch Office Communications 1111 Understanding Read-Only Domain Controllers (RODCs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1112 Organizations’ Branch Office Concerns and Dilemmas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1113 Understanding When to Leverage RODCs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1114 Installing a Read-Only Domain Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1116 Examining Prerequisite Tasks When Deploying an RODC . . . . . . . . . . 1117 Limitations Associated with Windows Server 2008 RODCs . . . . . . . . . 1117 Conducting a RODC Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1118 Performing a Staged RODC Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1125 Understanding BitLocker Drive Encryption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1129 Examining BitLocker’s Drive Encryption Components and Windows Server 2008 Enhancements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1130 Comprehending BitLocker’s Drive Encryption Hardware Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1131 Understanding BitLocker Deployment Scenarios. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1131 Configuring BitLocker Drive Encryption on a Windows Server 2008 Branch Office Domain Controller. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1131 Configuring the System Partitions for BitLocker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1132 Installing BitLocker Drive Encryption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1133
  9. xxxviii Windows Server 2008 Unleashed Enabling BitLocker Drive Encryption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1135 Utilizing the BitLocker Recovery Password. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1139 Removing BitLocker Drive Encryption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1140 Enhancing Replication and WAN Utilization at the Branch Office . . . . . . . 1140 Read-Only Domain Controllers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1140 Next Generation TCP/IP Stack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1140 Distributed File System (DFS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1141 Group Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1142 SMB Version 2.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1142 33 Logging and Debugging 1145 Using the Task Manager for Logging and Debugging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1145 Monitoring Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1147 Monitoring Processes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1147 Monitoring Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1147 Monitoring Performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1147 Monitoring Network Performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1148 Monitoring User Activity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1149 Using Event Viewer for Logging and Debugging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1149 Examining the New Event Viewer User Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1151 Conducting Additional Event Viewer Management Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . 1155 Performance and Reliability Monitoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1159 Resource Monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1160 Performance Monitor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1161 Reliability Monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1164 Data Collector Sets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1165 Reports. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1167 Setting Baseline Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1169 Reducing Performance Monitoring Overhead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1169 Important Objects to Monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1170 Using the Debugging Tools Available in Windows Server 2008 . . . . . . . . . . . 1171 TCP/IP Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1171 System Startup and Recovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1178 Windows Memory Diagnostics Tool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1179 Resources and Support Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1180 Task Scheduler. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1182 Understanding Task Scheduler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1182 Understanding Trigger Options and Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1183 Understanding the Advanced Settings Associated with Triggers . . . 1184 Understanding the Actions Associated with a Task . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1185 Understanding Conditions Associated with a Task . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1185
  10. Contents xxxix Understanding Task Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1186 Understanding Task History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1187 34 Capacity Analysis and Performance Optimization 1189 Defining Capacity Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1189 The Benefits of Capacity Analysis and Performance Optimization. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1190 Establishing Policy and Metric Baselines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1191 Benchmark Baselines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1192 Using Capacity-Analysis Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1194 Task Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1194 Network Monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1196 Windows Reliability and Performance Monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1202 Other Microsoft Assessment and Planning Tools. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1207 Third-Party Toolset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1213 Monitoring System Performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1214 Key Elements to Monitor for Bottlenecks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1215 Monitoring System Memory and Pagefile Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1215 Analyzing Processor Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1219 Evaluating the Disk Subsystem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1219 Monitoring the Network Subsystem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1221 Optimizing Performance by Server Roles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1223 Domain Controllers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1223 Terminal Services Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1228 Virtual Servers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1228 Part XI Integrated Windows Application Services 35 Windows SharePoint Services 3.0 1233 Understanding the History of SharePoint Technologies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1234 SharePoint Origins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1234 SharePoint 2003 Technologies Arrive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1234 Understanding the Need for SharePoint 2007 Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1235 What Are the Differences Between Windows SharePoint Services 3.0 and SharePoint Server 2007? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1236 Basic Features of Windows SharePoint Services 3.0. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1236 What Is Not Included in Windows SharePoint Services 3.0 but Is Included in SharePoint Server 2007 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1237 Identifying the Need for Windows SharePoint Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1238 Customizing WSS to Suit Organizational Needs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1240
  11. xl Windows Server 2008 Unleashed Installing Windows SharePoint Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1240 Outlining WSS Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1240 Performing a Windows SharePoint Services Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1241 Checking for Windows Updates. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1243 Reviewing the Internet Information Services (IIS) Configuration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1244 Using the Central Administration Console to Complete the Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1245 Exploring the Default Site Collection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1248 Lists and Libraries in Windows SharePoint Services 3.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1251 Libraries in Windows SharePoint Services 3.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1252 Windows SharePoint Services 3.0 Lists Demystified . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1261 Integrating Office 2007 Applications with Windows SharePoint Services 3.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1266 Using Word 2007 with Windows SharePoint Services 3.0 . . . . . . . . . . . 1266 Using Excel 2007 with Windows SharePoint Services 3.0 . . . . . . . . . . . 1267 Managing the Site Collection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1271 Using the Site Settings Pages to Manage Top-Level Sites and Subsites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1272 Using the Edit Page Interface to Customize Pages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1274 Reviewing the Tools Provided in the Central Administration Console . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1276 36 Windows Media Services 1281 Understanding Windows Media Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1282 New Features Included with Windows Media Services Running on Windows Server 2008. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1282 System Requirements for Windows Media Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1283 Determining Which Windows Server 2008 Version to Utilize . . . . . 1284 Updating the Windows Media Services Platform to Windows Server 2008 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1286 Determining Which Windows Media Services Administration Tools to Leverage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1286 Installing Windows Media Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1287 Testing the Load on a Windows Media Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1287 Downloading the Windows Media Services Source Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1288 Conducting the Windows Media Services Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1289 Configuring Windows Media Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1290 Using Windows Media Services for Real-Time Live Broadcasts . . . . . . . . . . . . 1290 Configuring a Server for Real-Time Live Broadcasts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1291 Starting a Real-Time Live Broadcast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1293
  12. Contents xli Broadcasting Stored Single Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1294 Configuring a Server for Single On-Demand Video Playback. . . . . . . 1294 Starting a Single File Publishing Point . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1296 Hosting a Directory of Videos for On-Demand Playback . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1296 Configuring a Server to Host a Directory of Videos for Playback . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1297 Starting a File from Within the Directory Publishing Point. . . . . . . . . 1299 Combining Multiple Files for a Combined Single Broadcast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1299 Configuring a Server for Playlist Broadcasting of Multiple Files . . . 1300 Starting a Playlist from Within the Playlist Publishing Point. . . . . . . 1302 Understanding Windows Media Encoder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1302 Understanding the Requirements for Windows Media Encoder . . . 1303 Installing Windows Media Encoder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1304 Broadcasting a Live Event. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1304 Preparing for a Live Broadcast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1305 Initiating a Live Broadcast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1305 Capturing Audio or Video for Future Playback . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1307 Preparing for a Captured Session . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1307 Capturing a Session for Future Broadcast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1308 Using Other Windows Media Encoder Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1309 Capturing Screen Content with the Windows Media Encoder Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1309 Converting Videos to Windows Media Video Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1310 37 Deploying and Using Windows Virtualization 1313 Understanding Microsoft’s Virtualization Strategy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1313 History of Windows Virtualization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1314 Integration of Hypervisor Technology in Windows Server 2008 . . 1315 What’s New in Hyper-V . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1316 Microsoft Hyper-V Server as a Role in Windows Server 2008. . . . . . . 1317 Planning Your Implementation of Hyper-V . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1317 Sizing Your Windows Server 2008 Server to Support Virtualization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1317 Running Other Services on the Hyper-V System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1318 Planning for the Use of Snapshots on the Hyper-V System . . . . . . . . . 1319 Installation of the Microsoft Hyper-V Server Role . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1319 Installing Windows Server 2008 as the Host Operating System . . . 1320 Running Server Manager to Add the Hyper-V Role . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1320 Becoming Familiar with the Hyper-V Administrative Console . . . . . . . . . . . . 1322 Launching the Hyper-V Administrative Console . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1322 Navigating and Configuring Host Server Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1324
  13. xlii Windows Server 2008 Unleashed Installing a Guest Operating System Session . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1326 Gathering the Components Needed for a Guest Session. . . . . . . . . . . . . 1327 Beginning the Installation of the Guest Session . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1327 Completing the Installation of the Guest Session . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1329 Modifying Guest Session Configuration Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1330 Adding or Limiting the RAM of the Guest Session . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1330 Changing Network Settings for the Guest Session . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1331 Mounting a Physical CD/DVD Image or Mounting a CD/DVD Image File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1331 Other Settings to Modify for a Guest Session Configuration . . . . . . . 1332 Launching a Hyper-V Guest Session . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1332 Automatically Launching a Guest Session . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1332 Manually Launching a Guest Session . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1334 Save State of a Guest Session . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1334 Using Snapshots of Guest Operating System Sessions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1334 Snapshots for Image Rollback . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1334 Snapshots for Guest Session Server Fault Tolerance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1335 Creating a Snapshot of a Guest Image . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1335 Rolling Back a Guest Image to a Previous Snapshot Image. . . . . . . . . . 1335 Reverting a Snapshot Session . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1336 Index 1339
  14. About the Authors Rand Morimoto, Ph.D., MCSE, CISSP Rand Morimoto has been in the computer indus- try for more than 30 years and has authored, co-authored, or been a contributing writer for dozens of bestselling books on Windows 2003, Exchange 2007, Security, BizTalk Server, and Remote and Mobile Computing. Rand is the president of Convergent Computing, an IT-consulting firm in the San Francisco Bay area that was one of the key early adopter program partners with Microsoft, implementing beta versions of Windows Server 2008 in production environments more than 3 years before the product release. Rand speaks at conferences and conventions around the world on tips, tricks, and best practices on planning, migrating, and implementing Windows 2008 and Exchange 2007. Michael Noel, MCSE+I, CISSP, MCSA, MVP Michael Noel has been involved in the computer industry for nearly two decades and has significant real-world experience with enterprise information technology environments. Michael has authored several major publications, such as SharePoint 2007 Unleashed, Exchange 2007 Unleashed, ISA Server 2006 Unleashed, Windows Server 2003 Unleashed, and many more, with a total worldwide circu- lation of more than 150,000 copies. Currently a partner at Convergent Computing in the San Francisco Bay area, Michael’s writings are leveraged from his real-world experience designing, deploying, and administering IT infrastructure. Omar Droubi, MCSE Omar Droubi has been in the computer industry for more than 15 years, has co-authored one of Sams Publishing bestselling books, Windows 2003 Unleashed, and has been a contributing writer and technical reviewer on several other books on Windows Server 2003 and Exchange 2000, 2003, and 2007. Omar has been involved in testing, designing, and prototyping Windows Server 2008 infrastructures for the past 2 years, and has primarily focused on upgrading existing networks and utilizing many of the new features included in the product. Also during this time, Omar has assisted several organizations with the development of technical roadmaps to plan for future deploy- ments of Windows Server 2008 and Vista. Ross Mistry, MCTS, MCDBA, MCSE Ross Mistry is a seasoned veteran in the Silicon Valley and has spent more than a decade in the computer industry. As a principal consult- ant and partner with Convergent Computing (CCO), he has had the opportunity to work with Windows Server 2008 for 3 years before the product released to the public. Ross focuses on Active Directory, Exchange, and SQL Server, where he designs and implements solutions for Fortune 500 organizations with a global presence. His specialties in the Windows space are Active Directory upgrades, high availability, and disaster recovery.
  15. xliv Windows Server 2008 Unleashed Ross has also taken on the roles of lead author, contributing writer, and technical editor for many bestselling books published by Sams. His recent works include lead author on SQL Server 2005 Management and Administration, contributing writer on Exchange Server 2007 Unleashed and SharePoint 2007 Unleashed, and technical editor on SQL Server 2005 Unleashed. In addition to consulting and authoring, Ross is also a public speaker and conducts seminars on Microsoft topics around the world, in which he leverages best prac- tices based on his experiences in the industry. Chris Amaris, MCSE, CISSP Chris is the chief technology officer and cofounder of Convergent Computing. He has more than 20 years’ experience consulting for Fortune 500 companies, leading companies in the technology selection, design, planning, and implementation of complex information technology projects. Chris has worked with Windows 2008 3 years before its release to the general public. A Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) with an Information System Security Architecture Professional (ISSAP) concentration, Certified Homeland Security (CHS III), Windows 2003 MCSE, Novell CNE, Banyan CBE, and a Certified Project Manager, Chris is also an author and technical editor for a number of IT books, including Network Security for Government and Corporate Executives, Windows Server 2003 Unleashed, SQL Server 2005 Management and Administration, Exchange Server 2007 Unleashed, and Microsoft Operations Manager 2005 Unleashed. Chris presents on messaging, operations management, security, and informa- tion technology topics worldwide.
  16. Dedication I dedicate this book to Ana and Noble; thank you for joining Kelly, Chip, and me in our journey of life! —Rand Morimoto, Ph.D., MCSE, CISSP I dedicate this book to my sister, Therese. You inspire me to approach life with a smile. —Michael Noel, MCSE+I, CISSP, MCSA, MVP I dedicate this book to my big brother, Abdel Hadi Droubi, and to my father, Abdel Rahman Droubi. —Omar Droubi, MCSE I dedicate this book to my children, Kyanna and Kaden. The price of victory is high, but so are the rewards; always believe in yourself, and through hard work and perseverance, you can achieve whatever you desire. And to my beloved wife Sherry: I appreciate you standing by me and respect your patience and sacrifices over the past few months while I fulfilled another dream. And to my humorous uncle, Hosie Khursigara: Stay strong and thanks for that Harvey's hamburger. —Ross Mistry, MCTS, MCDBA, MCSE I dedicate this book my wife, Sophia Hom, and my children, Michelle, Megan, Zoe, Zachary, and Ian. Without their light, the world would be a dark place. —Chris Amaris, MCSE, CISSP
  17. Acknowledgments Rand Morimoto, Ph.D., MCSE, CISSP I would like to acknowledge the hard work and effort of everyone at Sams Publishing for making this book possible, including Karen Gettman, Neil Rowe, Mark Renfrow, Betsy Harris, and all the people I don’t know person- ally who do their thing that results in these incredible books that help thousands of IT professionals do their jobs! To Karen Annett, who once again took one of our manuscripts and edited the content to make the words understandable. A huge thanks to Jeff Guillet, the best technical editor I have ever worked with, for beating through the product to make sure we got everything right! Thank you to Ken Spann at Microsoft, who looped us into the early adopter program for Windows 2008 and has been with us every day from the inception of the product! Thank you, Ken, for connecting us with the product teams up in Redmond as our customers were on the bleeding edge implementing these technologies in their production environ- ments. Thank you to Bob Kelly, Corporate Vice President at Microsoft, who heads up the Infrastructure Server Marketing team in Redmond and has helped keep us connected with all the right people throughout the entire progression of the Windows 2008 and Hyper-V product development process. And lastly, thank you, Kelly and Chip! You two are my inspiration and remind me every day that hard work, dedication, patience, and dependability are core values that lay a foundation for our success in life! Michael Noel, MCSE+I, CISSP, MCSA, MVP It seems like just yesterday we were writing the Windows Server 2003 Unleashed book, a task that seemed Herculean at the time. Although with practice it has become easier, it is still a mammoth task to produce a book on a topic as complex and rich as Windows Server. Fortunately, I’ve had a great deal of help with the book. First and foremost, I’d like to thank Rand Morimoto, of Convergent Computing, for his direction and collaboration on another fine title. I’d also like to thank the many hard-working consultants and engineers at CCO for being avail- able to throw ideas off of or to test out scenarios. This includes my talented co-authors as well, all of whom I’ve learned a great deal from. The total sum of knowledge from some very bright people has gone into this book, and I believe it is reflected in the richness of content within its pages. Thanks also to Neil Rowe and all the folks from Sams Publishing; it’s been a great relationship over the years! Although it is critical to have the right technical assistance when writing a book like this, what’s more important is the right emotional assistance. Once again, my family put up with the late nights, deadlines, and lack of attention that are associated with writing something like this. You guys really are amazing, and I love you very much. My wife Marina, my daughter Julia, my in-laws Val and Liza Ulanovsky, and my parents…Thank you! You make my life complete.
  18. Acknowledgments xlvii Omar Droubi, MCSE I would like to acknowledge many friends and family members who helped me complete this book. First, I would like to thank my wife, Colby, for stick- ing with me during the creation of this book—you’re the best! Next, I would like to thank my mom, Gloria, and my boys, Khalil and Jamil, for inspiring me to keep writing and complete my writing assignments on time. I would also like to thank Rand Morimoto and Sams Publishing for providing me with the great opportunity to co-author this book. Last, but not least, I would like to acknowledge my other co-authors and the following individ- uals for supporting me in all my endeavors: Andrew Abbate, Ray Wan, Jim McBee, Mark, Helen, Melissa, Debby, and my best buds, Stefan Garaygay, Joe Coca, Joe Pennetta, Marcus Bradford, and Peter Cisne—thanks, everyone! Ross Mistry, MCTS, MCDBA, MCSE First and foremost, I would like to acknowledge my wife for her contributions on this title. I couldn’t have made these strict deadlines without your assistance. I would also like to thank Rand Morimoto for presenting me with another opportunity, providing endless guidance, and making himself readily avail- able around the clock. Special thanks to the folks at Sams Publishing and my contributing writers, Shirmattie Seenarine, Scott Chimner, and Chris Wallace, for completing the content in such an expeditious manner. I must also thank the long-forgotten family and friends I have had the opportunity to reconnect with through Facebook. Exchanging jokes, emails, and viewing photo albums got me through many long nights of writing when I was ready to throw in the towel. Finally, I would also like to acknowledge my parents, Aban and Keki, and my in-laws, Cecil and Betty Seenarine for always being there and providing emotional support. Chris Amaris, MCSE, CISSP I would like to acknowledge my wife for keeping the home fires burning while I worked on the manuscript. And to my children for working hard at their studies and getting good marks even without my help on homework. I’d also like to acknowledge my mother-in-law, Catherine Hom, who has tirelessly shuttled my kids to and from school over the years as well as caring for them at the drop of a hat when dead- lines loomed and I had to abscond to a coffee shop to write. Finally, I would like to acknowledge the lead author, Rand Morimoto, for his guidance, example, and for showing me that the only limitations are those that you impose on yourself—and for showing me how to overcome those limitations.
  19. We Want to Hear from You! As the reader of this book, you are our most important critic and commentator. We value your opinion and want to know what we’re doing right, what we could do better, what areas you’d like to see us publish in, and any other words of wisdom you’re willing to pass our way. As a senior acquisitions editor for Sams Publishing, I welcome your comments. You can email or write me directly to let me know what you did or didn’t like about this book—as well as what we can do to make our books better. Please note that I cannot help you with technical problems related to the topic of this book. We do have a User Services group, however, where I will forward specific technical questions related to the book. When you write, please be sure to include this book’s title and author as well as your name, email address, and phone number. I will carefully review your comments and share them with the author and editors who worked on the book. Email: feedback@samspublishing.com Mail: Neil Rowe Senior Acquisitions Editor Sams Publishing 800 East 96th Street Indianapolis, IN 46240 USA For more information about this book or another Sams Publishing title, visit our website at www.informit.com/title/9780672329302. Reader Services Visit our website and register this book at www.informit.com/title/9780672329302 for convenient access to any updates, downloads, or errata that might be available for this book.
  20. Introduction Windows Server 2008 is the latest release of the Windows Server operating system. Over the years, it has evolved quite dramatically from the early days of Windows NT Server or even Windows 2000 Server. With the release of Windows 2008, Microsoft again has introduced a number of new technologies intended to help IT professionals improve their ability to provide network services to the clients they serve. I’ve had the opportunity to write a book on every version of Windows Server over the past dozen years, and when my coauthors and I set out to write this book, we wanted to once again provide you, the reader, with a lot of really valuable information. Not just marketing fluff that talks about features and functions, but to really dig down into the product and share with you best practices on planning, preparing, implementing, migrating, and supporting a Windows 2008 environment. Even though Windows 2008 released in early 2008, we’ve been fortunate enough to work with Windows Server Codename “Longhorn” since as early as 2005, so we’ve had almost three full years on an early adopter program. The thing about being involved with a product so early on is that our first experiences with Longhorn Server were without any documentation, Help files that provided guidance, or any shared experiences from others. We had to learn Longhorn Server from experience, usually the hard way, but that has given us a distinct advantage of knowing the product forward and backward better than anyone could ever imagine. And we started to implement Longhorn Server in production environments for a select group of our enterprise customers over a year before the product release—where organizations were depending on Longhorn Server to run key areas of their business. So, the pages of this book are filled with years of experience with Windows 2008, live production environment best practices, and fully updated RTM code specifics that will hopefully help you design, plan, prototype, implement, migrate, administer, and support your Windows 2008 environment! This book is organized into 11 parts, each part focusing on core Windows Server 2008 areas, with several chapters making up each part. The parts of the book are as follows: . Part I: Windows Server 2008 Overview—This part provides an introduction to Windows 2008 not only to give a general technology overview, but also to note what is truly new in Windows 2008 that made it compelling enough for organiza- tions to implement the technology in beta in production environments. We also cover basic planning, prototype testing, and migration techniques, as well as provide a full chapter on the installation of Windows 2008 as well as the new Server Core.
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