Here we tried to map the dependency among aged in India. This is done across four sub
groups, Rural Male, Rural female, urban male and urban female. In India in both categories of
full and partial dependency, more than 80 percent of the women fall. In the national level
more than 70 percent of the elderly are fully dependent in both female categories in both rural
and urban areas (72.07 and 72.12) while it is just over 30 in the case of men (32.7 and 30.11).
Kerala is the toper in the Rural male section with more than 43% are...
Health care spending has exceeded economic growth in every recent decade.
Over the last four decades, the average growth in health spending has exceeded the
growth of the economy as a whole by between 1.1 and 3.0 percentage points (Figure
2). Since 1970, health care spending per capita has grown at an average annual rate
of 8.2% or 2.4 percentage points faster than nominal GDP. The persistence of this
trend suggests systematic differences between health care and other economic sectors
where growth rates are typically more in line with the overall economy. A smaller
It would be possible to create a score for each respondent from the factor analysis, and this approach
is widely considered to be good practice when scoring complex data
. However, there is also a strong
argument for giving each component of financial knowledge equal weighting, as each has benefits for
individuals, and each has been identified as important by international experts.
Sometimes, especially during or soon after
treatment, you may not feel like eating. You may be
uncomfortable or tired. You may find that foods do not
taste as good as they used to. In addition, the side
effects of treatment (such as poor appetite, nausea,
vomiting, or mouth sores) can make it hard to eat well.
Your doctor, a registered dietitian, or another health
care provider can suggest ways to deal with these
problems. Also, the NCI booklet Eating Hints for
Cancer Patients has many useful ideas and recipes.
Page 46 tells how to get NCI booklets.
We examine the competition between a group of Internet retailers who operate in an
environment where a price search engine plays a dominant role.We show that for some
products in this environment, the easy price search makes demand tremendously pricesensitive.
Retailers, though, engage in obfuscation—practices that frustrate consumer
search or make it less damaging to firms—resulting in much less price sensitivity on
some other products. We discuss several models of obfuscation and examine its effects
on demand and markups empirically.
Many soils which have received manure or synthetic
applications over a number of years contain relatively high
levels of soil phosphorus. In soils which have not been so
fertilized, phosphorus levels may be low. Rock powders suc
as colloidal phosphate and rock phosphate can be applied
to build up the phosphorus-supplying power of a soil over
time. However, these products become available to plants
very slowly, and cannot be relied upon to supply adequate
phosphorus to a crop the year of application when soil level
of phosphorus are low.
Investing in higher-risk, illiquid, targeted investments are part of an active portfolio and
are more time-intensive than a passively managed portfolio. As such, pension funds that have
adopted formal policies limit their total investments in this category to two percent of total
assets in line with their broader strategic asset allocation policy. Pension funds seek portfolio
diversification through a strategic asset allocation policy in which the fund or its consultants
set a target percentage to each asset class—traditional and alternative investments.
The pelvic adnexae include the ovaries and fallopian tubes. In general,
ovaries increase in size throughout childhood, plateau in adulthood, then de-
crease in size in the postmenopausal period (5). Postmenopausal ovary size is
affected by the number of years since menopause and the quantity of prior
pregnancies (6); however, ovaries should not be palpable in a woman who is
two or more years beyond menopause, and such a finding should prompt fur-
ther evaluation with transvaginal ultrasound.
The organized work of those elements needs the proper functioning of each element separately (so
for teacher projects: teachers, principal of the school, school health personnel, policy makers in the
education sector; parent projects: parents of pupils of the school, community leaders etc; pupil
projects: all pupils of the school). If there is a weak teachers’ project it will be difficult to achieve
the objectives; the same if there is a weak pupils’ projects or parents’ project.
The congresses (sometimes called general assemblies, conventions, conferences etc.) alternate
between venues within their region or the world either on a fixed rotation or by invitation.
They can be held annually, or every two, three, four or even five years and a whole industry
has been built up around the association meetings segment as their economic attractiveness has
become apparent to destinations globally.
Already in the old times, the methods of tapping the rubber tree and
processes for making crude articles from latex had been developed. Primitive
technology for obtaining latex had been used nearly three and a half centuries
after the discovery of rubber in the West. Once technical improvement of
rubber tapping took place, the use of rubber increased; but the overall
consumption of rubber was not greatly changed during that time. The merged
civilization of the East and the West made their first big joint contribution to
rubber technology when vulcanization was discovered in 1839. ...
These severe problems may come as a surprise, since the sample covariance matrix has
appealing properties, such as being maximum likelihood under normality. But this is to forget
what maximum likelihood means. It means the most likely parameter values given the data. In
other words: let the data speak (and only the data). This is a sound principle, provided that
there is enough data to trust the data. Indeed, maximum likelihood is justiﬁed asymptotically
as the number of observations per variable goes to inﬁnity.
In utero, the placenta is the main site for gas exchange for the developing foetus and
the blood flow to the foetal lung is minimal. Blood from the right ventricle bypasses
the lungs and passes directly from the pulmonary artery to the aorta via a foetal vessel
called the arterial duct. After birth, a number of changes occur in transition from the
foetal to the newborn circulation including expansion of the lungs (which reduces
pulmonary vascular resistance) and closure of the arterial duct, so that blood now
perfuses the lungs.
Statistics alone do not tell us why mortality or coverage rates are rising or falling,
nor suggest which policy responses are appropriate. Chapters 2-7 of this report
look beyond the target-by-target information and attempt to identify trends,
successes, and failures which are currently affecting the health sector as a whole.
Some of the challenges are fundamental, and characteristic of poverty and lack
of development in general, although many are specific to health.
There are only a few studies on calf muscle strength in
patients with Achilles tendon disorders. Calf muscle
strength has been measured after rehabilitation in pa-
tients with surgically treated complete Achilles tendon
and in patients with complete Achilles
tendon ruptures treated either surgically or nonsurgi-