In recent years,a great deal of evidence has been collected which gives substantially increased insight into the nature of human speech perception. It is the author's belief that such data can be effectively used to infer much of the structure of a practical speech recognition system. This paper details a new view of the role of structural constraints within the several structural domains (e.g. articulation, phonetics, phonology, syntax, semantics) that must be utilized to infer the desired percept. ...
At the end of the 19-th century, physics was at its most confidence
situation. Classical phyics, as formulated in Newton’s law of mechanics
and Maxwell’s theory of electromagnetism, have proved very successful
in solving every problem.
→At that time there seemed to be no question for which physics could
not provide an answer !!!
But then it came as a great shock when some simple phenomena were
observed which could not be explained by classical physics
→a new theory, quantum theory, was developed at the beginning of the
This book makes no pretence of giving to the world a new theory of the intellectual operations. Its claim to
attention, if it possess any, is grounded on the fact that it is an attempt not to supersede, but to embody and
systematize, the best ideas which have been either promulgated on its subject by speculative writers, or
conformed to by accurate thinkers in their scientific inquiries.
This essay reflects upon the relationship between the current theory of
financial intermediation and real-world practice. Our critical analysis of this
theory leads to several building blocks of a new theory of financial
Current financial intermediation theory builds on the notion that
intermediaries serve to reduce transaction costs and informational
asymmetries. As developments in information technology, deregulation,
deepening of financial markets, etc.
THE recent development of various methods of modulation such as PCM and PPM which exchange
bandwidth for signal-to-noise ratio has intensified the interest in a general theory of communication. A
basis for such a theory is contained in the important papers of Nyquist1 and Hartley2 on this subject. In the
present paper we will extend the theory to include a number of new factors, in particular the effect of noise
in the channel, and the savings possible due to the statistical structure of the original message and due to the
nature of the final destination of the information....
Research is an activity which people undertake in order to find things in a systematic way as a means of increasing their knowledge base.
Dissertations must follow Graduate School guidelines, whereas criteria for style and organization of a research paper are at the discretion of the professor.
The pace and scope of change in the world and in organizations
during the past 10 years have been unprecedented.
In this environment, staying ahead of the curve and being
adequately prepared for work, management, and leadership
has been challenging—even daunting. At the same
time, a massive shift in the balance of economic power is
under way, with many of the world’s largest economies
slowing down as other economies continue to grow and
gain power, bringing prosperity to many and a new world
The publication of the Cooley-Tukey fast Fourier transform (FFT) algorithm in 1965 has opened a new area in digital signal processing by reducing the order of complexity of some crucial computational tasks like Fourier transform and convultion from N 2 to N log 2 , where N is the problem size. The development of the major algorithms (Cooley-Tukey and split-radix FFT, prime factor algorithm and Winograd fast Fourier transform) is reviewed. Then, an attempt is made to indicate the state of the art on the subject, showin the standing of researh, open problems and implementations....
The scope of this book is to demonstrate that we do have an ecosystem theory that can be
used to describe ecosystem structure and function. It was previously shown in the book,
Integration of Ecosystem Theories: A Pattern (3rd edition, 2002), that the various contributions
to systems ecology are consistent and together form a pattern of ecological
processes. My book with Yuri Svirezhev, Toward a Thermodynamic Theory of Ecosystems
(2004), presented the thermodynamics of this pattern in a mathematical language....
T he impetus to produce this book came in a brief
phone call in 1998. Chuck Crumly, of Academic
Press, called with an invitation and a deadline. Either
The Ecology of Fishes on Coral Reefs, published in
1991, would be allowed to lapse into out-of-print status,
or I would agree to produce a second edition. Looking
back on all the work, I suspect it might have been
wiser to say, "Let her lapse." But I didn't.
This volume has two first authors because it is a result of very intensive
teamwork between the two authors. We have had three brainstorm meetings,
each of approximately one week’s duration. There have been numerous pingpong
games (questions–answers–new proposals etc.) on the Internet. All the
chapters have major contributions from both of us. We hope that the volume
therefore demonstrates a synergistic effect, reflecting the positive teamwork
that is behind the volume.
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu khoa học ngành toán học tạp chí Journal of Operator Theory đề tài: Một bằng chứng mới của định lý giới hạn Szegö và các kết quả mới cho các nhà khai thác Toeplitz với biểu tượng không liên tục...
Information Theory is one of the few scientific fields fortunate enough to have an identifiable
beginning - Claude Shannon's 1948 paper. The story of the evolution of how it progressed from
a single theoretical paper to a broad field that has redefined our world is a fascinating one. It
provides the opportunity to study the social, political, and technological interactions that have
helped guide its development and define its trajectory, and gives us insight into how a new field
We often hear Claude Shannon called the father of the Digital Age.
Virtually every branch of the sciences, engineering, economics, and related fields now discusses or refers to
chaos. James Gleick's 1987 book, Chaos: making a new science and a 1988 one-hour television program on
chaos aroused many people's curiosity and interest. There are now quite a few books on the subject. Anyone
writing yet another book, on any topic, inevitably goes through the routine of justifying it. My justification
consists of two reasons
I have had the privilege of translating is, undoubtedly, one of the most remarkable studies of the social and psychological condition of the modern world which has appeared in Europe for many years, and its influence is sure to be lasting and far reaching. Tolstoi's genius is beyond dispute. The verdict of the civilized world has pronounced him as perhaps the greatest novelist of our generation. But the philosophical and religious works of his later years have met with a somewhat indifferent reception.
Abstract Neural architectures have been proposed to navigate mobile robots within several environment definitions. In this paper a new neural modular constructive approach to navigate mobile robots in unknown environments is presented. The problem, in its basic form, consists of deﬁning and executing a trajectory to a predeﬁned goal while avoiding all obstacles, in an unknown environment. Some crucial issues arise when trying to solve this problem, such as an overﬂow of sensorial information and conﬂicting objectives.
Lars Ahlfors often spoke of his excitement as a young student listening to Rolf
Nevanlinna's lectures on the new theory of meromorphic functions. It was, as he
writes in his collected papers, his "first exposure to live mathematics." In his
enormously influential research papers and in his equally influential books, Ahlfors
shared with the reader, both professional and student, that excitement.
The present volume derives from lectures given at Harvard over many years,
and the topics would now be considered quite classical.
This paper proposes a new approach for Multi-word Expression (MWE)extraction on the motivation of gene sequence alignment because textual sequence is similar to gene sequence in pattern analysis. Theory of Longest Common Subsequence (LCS) originates from computer science and has been established as afﬁne gap model in Bioinformatics. We perform this developed LCS technique combined with linguistic criteria in MWE extraction.
We propose a model for transfer in machine translation which uses a rewriting system for typed feature structures. The grammar definitions describe transfer relations which are applied on the input structure (a typed feaane structure) by the interpreter to produce all possible transfer pairs. The formalism is based on the semantics of typed feature structures as described in [AR-Kaci 84]. INTRODUCTION We propose a new model for transfer in machine translation of dialogues.