Xem 1-20 trên 29 kết quả A pragmatic approach
  • Software development today is embracing functional programming (FP), whether it's for writing concurrent programs or for managing Big Data. Where does that leave Java developers? This concise book offers a pragmatic, approachable introduction to FP for Java developers or anyone who uses an object-oriented language.

    pdf88p hoa_can 26-01-2013 36 9   Download

  • Technological improvements, more efficient international communications and transportation, regional economic integration and a number of trade agreements have dramatically changed the international business environment and contributed to the growth of international trade. At a macro level, increasing exports is considered to have positive effects on economic growth and employment levels. At a micro level, exporting allows firms to pursue growth opportunities, diversify business risks and increase profits (Leonidou and Katsikeas 1996; Ramaseshan and Soutar 1996)....

    pdf138p baobinh1311 25-09-2012 26 3   Download

  • Functional Programming in C# leads you along a path that begins with the historic value of functional ideas. Inside, C# MVP and functional programming expert Oliver Sturm explains the details of relevant language features in C# and describes theory and practice of using functional techniques in C#, including currying, partial application, composition, memoization, and monads.

    pdf290p hoa_can 26-01-2013 18 3   Download

  • We describe a formal framework for interpretation of words and compounds in a discourse context which integrates a symbolic lexicon/grammar, word-sense probabilities, and a pragmatic component. The approach is motivated by the need to handle productive word use. In this paper, we concentrate on compound nominals. We discuss the inadequacies of approaches which consider compound interpretation as either wholly lexico-grammatical or wholly pragmatic, and provide an alternative integrated account. ...

    pdf8p bunthai_1 06-05-2013 16 2   Download

  • We describe a statistical approach for modeling agreements and disagreements in conversational interaction. Our approach first identifies adjacency pairs using maximum entropy ranking based on a set of lexical, durational, and structural features that look both forward and backward in the discourse. We then classify utterances as agreement or disagreement using these adjacency pairs and features that represent various pragmatic influences of previous agreement or disagreement on the current utterance. ...

    pdf8p bunbo_1 17-04-2013 19 1   Download

  • Strengthening functioning systems to improve health outcomes will, in some cases, require new ways of thinking about health investments and greater dialogue with partner countries about constraints and opportunities.

    pdf8p le_minh_nha 20-12-2012 29 15   Download

  • The global trading system is undergoing a period of transition. Shifting economic circumstances, major advances in technology and the emergence of new players on the global scene, all underscore that we are on the cusp of big changes. Persistent imbalances, driven largely by macro-economic factors continue to be a cause of concern in some major economies.

    pdf315p kimngan_1 04-11-2012 35 11   Download

  • SMG 2 has always treated its working methods using a pragmatic approach. Working methods were discussed and agreed when problems arose or in anticipation of problems, and were adapted when practical experiences were made.

    pdf18p huggoo 20-08-2010 50 10   Download

  • This book is a recipe-based approach to using the CVS Version Control system that will get you up and running quickly--and correctly. All projects need version control: it's a foundational piece of any project's infrastructure. Yet half of all project teams in the U.S. don't use any version control at all. Many others don't use it well, and end up experiencing time-consuming problems.

    pdf165p stingdau_123 19-01-2013 28 7   Download

  • Evidence-based practice has become a common expression in the helping professions over the last decade. Beginning with medicine and moving to fi elds such as psychology and social work, the number of books on evidencebased practice has grown signifi cantly. What makes this book different? This book is aimed at preservice and in-service school-based mental health service providers, such as school counselors, school psychologists, and school social workers. It is not a research book. It is a book about research-infused practice.

    pdf364p crius75 09-01-2013 21 6   Download

  • When starting hormonal contraception after POEC (Levonelle 1500® or Levonelle One Step®) additional contraception should be advised until contraceptive efficacy is established (see Summary on page iv). There are no data on quick starting hormonal contraception after use of the emergency contraceptive, ulipristal acetate (UPA) (ellaOne®). As UPA is a progesterone receptor modulator that blocks the action of progesterone, it may affect the contraceptive efficacy of hormonal methods.35,36 However, no interaction studies have been carried out to date.

    pdf0p le_minh_nha 25-12-2012 17 4   Download

  • Find out which technologies enable the Grid and how to employ them successfully! This invaluable text provides a complete, clear, systematic, and practical understanding of the technologies that enable the Grid. The authors outline all the components necessary to create a Grid infrastructure that enables support for a range of wide–area distributed applications. The Grid: Core Technologies takes a pragmatic approach with numerous practical examples of software in context.

    pdf452p stingdau_123 21-01-2013 17 4   Download

  • We report on an investigation of the pragmatic category of topic in Danish dialog and its correlation to surface features of NPs. Using a corpus of 444 utterances, we trained a decision tree system on 16 features. The system achieved nearhuman performance with success rates of 84–89% and F 1 -scores of 0.63–0.72 in 10fold cross validation tests (human performance: 89% and 0.78). The most important features turned out to be preverbal position, definiteness, pronominalisation, and non-subordination. We discovered that NPs in epistemic matrix clauses (e.g. “I think . . .

    pdf6p bunbo_1 17-04-2013 21 3   Download

  • Even if a pragmatic approach continues to be taken on PRM-TSI compliance work, e.g. for a residual Pacer fleet, there could be a peak of activity in 2017-2019. The supply side of the industry will need to increase capacity to cope with this peak, and for supporting continued operation of existing vehicles. The option of seeking a change to the law to permit a longer timescale for these modifications, or to permit further review of PRM-TSI scope for vehicles with a short life expectancy and/or very low use, is one that may be worth pursuing. ...

    pdf13p quaivattim 04-12-2012 15 1   Download

  • We use machine learners trained on a combination of acoustic confidence and pragmatic plausibility features computed from dialogue context to predict the accuracy of incoming n-best recognition hypotheses to a spoken dialogue system. Our best results show a 25% weighted f-score improvement over a baseline system that implements a “grammar-switching” approach to context-sensitive speech recognition.

    pdf8p bunbo_1 17-04-2013 16 1   Download

  • This paper reviews discourse phenomena that occur frequently in task.oriented man.machine dialogs, reporting on a~n empirical study that demonstrates the necessity of handling ellipsis, anaphora, extragrammaticality, inter-sentential metalanguage, and other abbreviatory devices in order to achieve convivial user interaction. Invariably, users prefer to generate terse or fragmentary utterances instead of longer, more complete "standalone" expressions, even when given clear instructions tO the contrary.

    pdf5p bungio_1 03-05-2013 19 1   Download

  • In this paper we examine the pragmatic knowledge an utterance-planning system must have in order to produce certain kinds of definite and indefinite noun phrases. An utterance.planning system, like other planning systems, plans actions to satisfy an agent's goals, but allows some of the actions to consist of the utterance of sentences. This approach to language generation emphasizes the view of language as action, and hence assigns a critical role to pragmatics.

    pdf6p bungio_1 03-05-2013 7 1   Download

  • We offer a semantics and pragmatics of the pluperfect in narrative discourse. We rexamine in a formal model of implicature, how the reader's knowledge about the discourse, Gricean-maxims and causation contribute to the meaning of the pluperfect. By placing the analysis in a theory where the interactions among these knowledge resources can be precisely computed, we overcome some problems with previous Reichenbachian approaches.

    pdf10p buncha_1 08-05-2013 15 1   Download

  • THE UMTS DEVELOPMENT PLATFORM ARCHITECTURE AND DEPLOYMENT SCENARIOS The architecture at the domain and functional levels, as well as the deployment scenarios are presented based on the 3GPP (ETSI) specifications noted in [1,2]. The terminology and basic principles are kept for consistency with a simplified approach in some cases, and for a pragmatic representation of the subject in others.

    pdf44p doroxon 12-08-2010 73 11   Download

  • This book is an in-depth introduction to Erlang, a programming language ideal for any situation where concurrency, fault tolerance, and fast response is essential. Erlang is gaining widespread adoption with the advent of multi-core processors and their new scalable approach to concurrency. With this guide you'll learn how to write complex concurrent programs in Erlang, regardless of your programming background or experience.

    pdf496p caucaphung 04-02-2013 24 7   Download

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