This book provides a rigorous algebraic study of the most popular inference formalisms with a special focus on their wide application area, showing that all these tasks can be performed by a single generic inference algorithm. Written by the leading international authority on the topic, it includes an algebraic perspective (study of the valuation algebra framework)
Linguistic theories typically assign various linguistic phenomena to one of the categories, syntactic, semantic, or pragmatic, as if the phenomena in each category were relatively independent of those in the others. However, various phenomena in discourse do not seem to yield comfortably to any account that is strictly a syntactic or semantic or pragmatic one. This paper focuses on particular phenomena of this s o r t - t h e use of various referring expressions such as definite noun phrases and pronouns-and examines their interaction with mechanisms used to maintain discourse coherence. ...
This is the first in a series of short books on probability theory and random processes for
biomedical engineers. This text is written as an introduction to probability theory. The goal was
to prepare students, engineers and scientists at all levels of background and experience for the
application of this theory to a wide variety of problems—as well as pursue these topics at a more
advanced level. The approach is to present a unified treatment of the subject. There are only
a few key concepts involved in the basic theory of probability theory.
From the close of World War II until sometime in the middle of the 1960s
two grand ideals ruled the architectural profession. One was a political
faith in the vision of modernity – the meliorist belief that by affecting
social change and imposing a universal environmental order architects
could improve the human lot and repair a globe wrought by physical and
moral devastation. The second was the belief that the most efficient way to
achieve this amelioration was through technology and its application.
Using an applications perspective Thermodynamic Models for Industrial Applications provides a unified framework for the development of various thermodynamic models, ranging from the classical models to some of the most advanced ones. Among these are the Cubic Plus Association Equation of State (CPA EoS) and the Perturbed Chain Statistical Association Fluid Theory (PC-SAFT). These two advanced models are already in widespread use in industry and academia, especially within the oil and gas, chemical and polymer industries....
For many decades, scientists have been trying to devise a single unified theory to explain all known physical phenomena, but a model that appears to unite the seemingly incompatible String Theory and Standard Model has existed for 100 years. It described baryons, mesons, quarks and preons over 50 years before conventional science. It stated that matter is composed of strings 80 years before string theory. It described the existence of anti-matter 30 years before conventional science. It described the Higgs field over 50 years before Peter Higgs.
I also describe the progress that has been made recently in finding “dualities” or correspondences between
apparently different theories of physics. These correspondences are a strong indication that there is a complete
unified theory of physics, but they also suggest that it may not be possible to express this theory in a single
fundamental formulation. Instead, we may have to use different reflections of the underlying theory in different
An emphasis on intuition—the authors separate and explain the principles at work on a common sense, intuitive level before launching into any specifics.
2) A unified valuation approach—net present value (NPV) is treated as the basic concept underlying corporate finance.
3) A managerial focus—the authors emphasize the role of the financial manager as decision maker, and they stress the need for managerial input and judgment.
During the last thirty years of his life, Albert Einstein sought relentlessly for a so-called unified field theory—a theory capable of
describing nature's forces within a single, all-encompassing, coherent framework. Einstein was not motivated by the things we
often associate with scientific undertakings, such as trying to explain this or that piece of experimental data. Instead, he was driven
by a passionate belief that the deepest understanding of the universe would reveal its truest wonder: the simplicity and power of the
principles on which it is based.
The purpose of this book is to offer a unifying conceptual framework
for the normative study of taxation and related subjects in public eco-
nomics. Such a framework necessarily begins with a statement of the
social objective, taken here to be the maximization of a conventional
social welfare function, and then asks how various government instru-
ments are best orchestrated to achieve it. The structure is built on the
foundation provided by the fundamental theorems of welfare econom-
This report originated in 1999 as a result of discussions between the Committee on
Solar and Space Physics (CSSP) and officials within NASA’s Office of Space Science Sun-
Earth Connections program. As noted in the statement of task (Appendix A), the objective
of the study was to provide a scientific assessment and strategy for the study of
magnetized plasmas in the solar system. By emphasizing the connections between
locally occurring (solar system) structures and processes and their astrophysical counterparts,
the study would contribute to a unified view of cosmic plasma behavior.
A unified vision of intellectual assets lends itself to diverse perspectives. In addi-
tion to each and every author who devoted significant time and care, and without
whom this book would be impossible, I am indebted to a number of people, sev-
eral of whom should be singled out. Their thoughtful comments, counsel, and en-
couragement made a great deal of difference in the final product.
UNIFIED FACILITIES CRITERIA (UFC) HEATING AND COOLING DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS Any copyrighted material included in this UFC is identified at its point of use. Use of the copyrighted material apart from this UFC must have the permission of the copyright holder.
This UFC supersedes TI 810-32 dated 10 January 2002. The text of this UFC is the text of TI 810-32. The format of this document does not conform to UFC 1-300-01; however, it will be reformatted at the next revision.
This paper ties up some loose ends in ﬁnite-state Optimality Theory. First, it discusses how to perform comprehension under Optimality Theory grammars consisting of ﬁnite-state constraints. Comprehension has not been much studied in OT; we show that unlike production, it does not always yield a regular set, making ﬁnite-state methods inapplicable. However, after giving a suitably ﬂexible presentation of OT, we show carefully how to treat comprehension under recent variants of OT in which grammars can be compiled into ﬁnite-state transducers.
This paper describes some operational aspects of a language comprehension model which unifies the linguistic theory and the semantic theory in respect to operations. The computational model, called Augmented Dependency Grammar (ADG), formulates not only the linguistic dependency structure of sentences but also the semantic dependency structure using the extended deep case grammar and fleld-oriented fact-knowledge based inferences. Fact knowledge base and ADG model clarify the qualitative difference between what we call semantics and logical meaning. ...
Methodological reductionism is a driving force of scientific thinking. Unlike the
more controversial, and philosophically dubious, connotations of the term, methodological
reductionism embodies a general principle of intellectual parsimony. It does
not establish debatable hierarchies among pedagogically distinct scientific areas, it
does not seek to identify equally controversial ultimate constituents of reality. Instead,
it attempts the consolidation of a collection of more or less intuitively connected
items into a more general item, of which they become refinements or specializations.
Introduction to Computers, the Internet and the Web
Introduction What Is a Computer? Computer Organization Evolution of Operating Systems Personal, Distributed and Client/Server Computing Machine Languages, Assembly Languages and High-Level Languages History of C++ History of Java Java Class Libraries Other High-Level Languages Structured Programming The Internet and the World Wide Web Basics of a Typical Java Environment General Notes about Java and This Book Thinking About Objects: Introduction to Object Technology and the Unified Modeling Language Discovering Design Patterns: Introduct...
In order to predict heavy particle radioactivities in 1980 and to arrive at
a unified approach of cluster decay modes, alpha disintegration, and cold
fission, before the first experimental confirmation3 in 1984, we developed
and used a series of fission theories in a wide range of mass asymmetry,
namely: fragmentation theory, numerical (NuSAF) and analytical (ASAF)
superasymmetric fission models, and a semiempirical formula for a-decay
(see the multiauthored book * and the references therein).
This book grew out of the notes of the course on quantum ﬁeld theory
that I give at the University of Geneva, for students in the fourth year.
Most courses on quantum ﬁeld theory focus on teaching the student
how to compute cross-sections and decay rates in particle physics. This
is, and will remain, an important part of the preparation of a high-
energy physicist. However, the importance and the beauty of modern
quantum ﬁeld theory resides also in the great power and variety of its
methods and ideas.