Abbreviations

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  • The present paper describes a robust approach for abbreviating terms. First, in order to incorporate non-local information into abbreviation generation tasks, we present both implicit and explicit solutions: the latent variable model, or alternatively, the label encoding approach with global information. Although the two approaches compete with one another, we demonstrate that these approaches are also complementary. By combining these two approaches, experiments revealed that the proposed abbreviation generator achieved the best results for both the Chinese and English languages. ...

    pdf9p hongphan_1 14-04-2013 17 3   Download

  • Chinese abbreviations are widely used in modern Chinese texts. Compared with English abbreviations (which are mostly acronyms and truncations), the formation of Chinese abbreviations is much more complex. Due to the richness of Chinese abbreviations, many of them may not appear in available parallel corpora, in which case current machine translation systems simply treat them as unknown words and leave them untranslated.

    pdf9p hongphan_1 15-04-2013 21 1   Download

  • A process that attempts to solve abbreviation ambiguity is presented. Various contextrelated features and statistical features have been explored. Almost all features are domain independent and language independent. The application domain is Jewish Law documents written in Hebrew. Such documents are known to be rich in ambiguous abbreviations. Various implementations of the one sense per discourse hypothesis are used, improving the features with new variants. An accuracy of 96.09% has been achieved by SVM. ...

    pdf4p hongphan_1 15-04-2013 18 1   Download

  • Numerous abbreviations are used routinely throughout such texts and identifying their meaning is critical to understanding of the document. The problem is that abbreviations are highly ambiguous with respect to their meaning. For example, according to UMLS2 (2001), RA may stand for “rheumatoid arthritis”, “renal artery”, “right atrium”, “right atrial”, “refractory anemia”, “radioactive”, “right arm”, “rheumatic arthritis,” etc. Liu et al. (2001) show that 33% of abbreviations listed in UMLS are ambiguous. ...

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài:Oral Ezatiostat HCl (TLK199) and Myelodysplastic syndrome: A case report of sustained hematologic response following an abbreviated exposure

    pdf3p toshiba24 06-12-2011 24 3   Download

  • Tham khảo tài liệu 'acronym and abbreviation expansion guide', công nghệ thông tin phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

    pdf7p thuxuan 07-08-2009 59 2   Download

  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học quốc tế cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Assessment of the effects and limitations of the 1998 to 2008 Abbreviated Injury Scale map using a large

    pdf10p toshiba18 31-10-2011 31 2   Download

  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học quốc tế cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: "Development and validation of a complementary map to enhance the existing 1998 to 2008 Abbreviated Injury Scale map

    pdf13p toshiba18 31-10-2011 20 2   Download

  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Screening for personality disorder with the Standardised Assessment of Personality: Abbreviated Scale (SAPAS): further evidence of concurrent validity

    pdf6p thulanh29 18-12-2011 18 2   Download

  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về sinh học được đăng trên tạp chí hóa học quốc tế đề tài : Validation of an abbreviated Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire for Medication (TSQM-9) among patients on antihypertensive medications

    pdf10p panasonic07 04-01-2012 23 3   Download

  • 400 new tests to boost your brainpower. IQ, or IQ (intelligence quotient abbreviation in English), is a concept that the British scientist Francis Galton introduced in hereditary Genius book published in the late 19th century. After that, it was his pupil is J.Cattell and French psychologist Alfred Binet who developed the workshop with the quiz to test your mental capacity for school children.

    pdf193p protable 24-02-2010 1223 1001   Download

  • Formal Letter Writing How to Write Formal Letters Help with formal and business letter writing. A summary of writing rules including outlines for cover letters and letters of enquiry, and abbreviations used in letters.

    doc4p longxuyzel3001 03-03-2010 502 326   Download

  • A.O.B. abbr. used at the end of the list of subjects to be discussed at a meeting or conference AOL abbr. American corporation headquartered in Virginia, owner and operator of on line and interactive computer services Forms: any other business Forms: America Online ASAP4. a.m. ASAP abbr. quickly; immediately; swiftly; speedily; fast a.m. abbr. morning; time before noon; hours between midnight and noon Forms: as soon as possible (asap, a.s.a.p., A.S.A.P.) Forms: ante meridiem (am, A.M, AM) abbreviation6. abide abbreviation n. shortened form of a word or word combination abide v.

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  • What is VHDL? VHDL is the VHSIC Hardware Description Language. VHSIC is an abbreviation for Very High Speed Integrated Circuit. It can describe the behavior and structure of electronic systems, but is particularly suited as a language to describe the structure and behavior of digital electronic hardware designs, such as ASICs and FPGAs as well as conventional digital circuits. VHDL is a notation, and is precisely and completely defined by the Language Reference Manual (LRM).

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  • Letter of Credit is abbreviated as an LC or L/C, and often is referred to as a documentary credit, abbreviated as DC or D/C, documentary letter of credit, or simply as credit (as in the UCP 500 and UCP 600).

    doc5p Ngocbui 24-04-2009 360 93   Download

  • Những viết tắt bằng tiếng La tin Có một vài từ viết tắt mà chúng ta sử dụng trong tiếng Anh có nguồn gốc từ tiếng La tin. PS – post script (được phát âm như những chữ cái riêng – ‘PS’) Chúng ta sử dụng chữ này sau khi chúng ta ký một lá thư nhưng sau đó muốn thêm một số thông tin. Alice used this abbreviation when she had finished her note to Helen and then remembered she had something else to say. ‘See you later, Alice. PS Help yourself to the chocolates’ Alice đã sử dụng chữ viết...

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  • The system of units used in engineering and science is the Système International d’Unités (International system of units), usually abbreviated to SI units, and is based on the metric system. This was introduced in 1960 and is now adopted by the majority of countries as the offi cial system of measurement.

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  • Interpreting, like playing chess, is a game of problem solving, evaluation, critical thinking, intuition and forecasting. Every game is different and each game is a challenge, which requires interpreters, to unceasingly develop knowledge and experience. It is disciplined study and repeated practice of many techniques and skills that bring victory to the interpreter. Apart from basic requirements of language mastery and culture sensitivity, there are quite a few skills that need to be acquired for successful interpreting. One of them is note-taking skill....

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  • Word a pivotal figure a premium price a range of abandon abandonment abbreviate abrasion abstract absurd abundance abundant accelerate access acclaimed accommodate accompany accordion accumulate accustomed acquaintance acronym acute adapt adaptable adaptation additive adept adjacent adjoining adjust adjustment adobe adopt adorn adornment advent adverse adversely adversity advocate aesthetic aesthetically affect affected affiliate with Part of Speech, Meaning.

    pdf44p kathy201 01-07-2010 146 56   Download

  • This is usefull for those who is working on foreign trade. It helps you to find out easily abbreviation name of city on the world

    xls18p monkey68 13-03-2009 525 54   Download

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