Abdomen and pelvis

Xem 1-14 trên 14 kết quả Abdomen and pelvis
  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Radiation Oncology cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Incidence of seed migration to the chest, abdomen, and pelvis after transperineal interstitial prostate brachytherapy with loose 125I seeds...

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  • Medicine is, fortunately, constantly evolving. Imaging diagnosis is no exception. Technical improvements guarantee further developments in diagnosis. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have attained a recognized value in the diagnosis of the heart, which is continuing to increase. For this reason, we have now provided a separate chapter on diagnostic imaging of the heart. We have placed sectional CT images next to MR images of the heart to facilitate classification. We have limited ourselves to scans which are presently recognized as standard.

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  • Medicine is, fortunately, constantly evolving. Imaging diagnosis is no exception. Technical improvements guarantee further developments in diagnosis. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have attained a recognized value in the diagnosis of the heart, which is continuing to increase. For this reason, we have now provided a separate chapter on diagnostic imaging of the heart. We have placed sectional CT images next to MR images of the heart to facilitate classification. We have limited ourselves to scans which are presently recognized as standard.

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  • A 65-year-old hypertensive male smoker requires a low anterior resection for treatment of an upper rectal cancer. A CT scan of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis does not show any distant metastatic spread and his carcinoembryonic antigen is normal. What additional preoperative laboratory studies and adjunctive testing are indicated? case management A complete history and physical examination is perhaps the single most important step for guiding preoperative preparation.

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  • When I was asked to write this book, my first thought was how was I going to improve on what was already out there? There are literally dozens of enormous volumes covering the everexpanding field of MRI. This rather more concise effort attempts to pull together lots of vital information and condense it down into a simple-to-follow guide. It will be useful for trainees and experienced professionals alike.

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  • Referred Pain from Visceral Disease Diseases of the thorax, abdomen, or pelvis may refer pain to the posterior portion of the spinal segment that innervates the diseased organ. Occasionally, back pain may be the first and only manifestation. Upper abdominal diseases generally refer pain to the lower thoracic or upper lumbar region (eighth thoracic to the first and second lumbar vertebrae), lower abdominal diseases to the midlumbar region (second to fourth lumbar vertebrae), and pelvic diseases to the sacral region.

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  • Radiation therapy is rarely used in the initial treatment of ovarian cancer, but it may be used to relieve pain and other problems caused by the disease. The treatment is given at a hospital or clinic. Each treatment takes only a few minutes. Side effects depend mainly on the amount of radiation given and the part of your body that is treated. Radiation therapy to your abdomen and pelvis may cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or bloody stools. Also, your skin in the treated area may become red, dry, and tender.

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  • Although magnetic resonance imaging, or MRI, has been with us for quite some time and is in widespread and routine use, good “recipe books” on the performance of specific actual studies are hard to find. Since all imaging modalities, and particularly MRI, are carried out by a range of operators under varying clinical circumstances, standardizing the work flow becomes ever more important, because it is only through standardization that the quality of diagnostic imaging will improve. This pared-down book attempts to close the gaps in MRI protocols for routine applications.

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  • Role of Imaging Studies Chest x-rays are always obtained in CUP workups but are often negative, especially with low-volume disease. CT scans of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis can be used to help find the primary, evaluate the extent of disease, and select the most favorable biopsy site. Older studies suggested that the primary tumor site is detected in 20–35% of patients who undergo a CT scan of the abdomen and pelvis, although by current definition these patients would not be considered as having CUP. ...

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  • The study of anatomy has changed enormously in the last few decades. No longer do medical students have to spend long hours in the dissect-ing room searching fruitlessly for the otic ganglion or tracing the small arteries that form the anastomosis round the elbow joint.

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  • In this 3rd edition of Anatomy, Histology, and Cell Biology: PreTest Self-Assessment and Review, a significant number of changes and improvements have been made. This PreTest reviews all of the anatomical disciplines encompassing early embryology, cell biology, histology of the tissues and organs, as well as regional human anatomy of the head and neck, thorax, abdomen, pelvis, extremities, and spine. This edition represents a comprehensive effort to integrate the anatomical disciplines with clinical scenarios and cases.

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  • Follow-Up of Breast Cancer Patients Despite the availability of sophisticated and expensive imaging techniques and a wide range of serum tumor marker tests, survival is not influenced by early diagnosis of relapse. Surveillance guidelines are given in Table 86-5.

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  • Table 93-1 Staging and Survival in Gynecologic Malignancies St age Ovarian -Year 5 trial Endome 5 -Year x Surviv al, % Cervi -Year 5 Surviv al, % Surviv al, % 0 — — Carcin oma in situ 00 1 I Confined 9 Confine 8 Confin 8 to ovary 0 d tocorpus 9 ed to uterus 5 II Confined to pelvis 0 7 corpus cervix Involves and 0 8 s Invade beyond 5 6 uterus but not to pelvic wall III Intraabdo minal spread 5–20 1 Extends outside the 0 3 Exten 3 ds to pelvic 5 wall and/or uterus but not outside the true pelvis lower third of vagina, or hydronephros is ...

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  • To plan the best treatment, your doctor needs to know the grade of the tumor (see page 8) and the extent (stage) of the disease. The stage is based on whether the tumor has invaded nearby tissues, whether the cancer has spread, and if so, to what parts of the body. Usually, surgery is needed before staging can be complete. The surgeon takes many samples of tissue from the pelvis and abdomen to look for cancer.

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