Xem 1-20 trên 26 kết quả Abiotic resources
  • The term livelihood skills refers to capabilities, resources, and opportunities for pursuing individual and household economic goals (Population Council, Kenya); in other words, income generation. Livelihood skills include technical and vocational abilities (carpentry, sewing, computer programing, etc.); skills for seeking jobs, such as interviewing strategies; and business management, entrepreneurial, and money management skills. Though livelihood skills are critical to survival, health, and development, the focus of this document lies elsewhere....

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  • We believe that it is interesting to study the system and software architecture of environments which integrate the evolving ideas of computational grids, distributed objects, web services, peer-to-peer networks and message oriented middleware. Such peer-to-peer (P2P) Grids should seamlessly integrate users to themselves and to resources which are also linked to each other. We can abstract such environments as a distributed system of “clients” which consist either of “users” or “resources” or proxies thereto.

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  • This document on Environmental Impact Assessment and Strategic Environmental Assessment: Towards an Integrated Approach updates the earlier UNEP publication on Environmental Impact Assessment: Issues, Trends and Practice. As before, it provides a companion volume to the UNEP EIA Training Resource Manual issued in an updated and revised edition in 2002. Environmental Impact Assessment and Strategic Environmental Assessment: Towards an Integrated Approach also may be read on its own by those who want a comprehensive introduction to this subject.

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  • Lenne, 1996) and to decrease damage by pests and pathogens (Cantelo & Sanford, 1984). In some crops (e.g. rice) this is applied on a large scale to maximize yield by minimizing damage by pathogens (Zhu et al., 2000). Information on genetic diversity and population structure also assists plant breeding in the selection of parents for crossing, providing a more rational basis for expanding the gene pool, and for identifying materials that harbor genes of value for plant improvement.

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  • Company culture underpins a person’s acceptability and shared values. Such values have an impact on the work of Human Resource managers involved in the recruitment, selection, and especially the retention of staff. There is a link too to allocating training opportunities to those in favour within an organisation. A key concern must surely be retention of valued staff. Thus an ‘aesthetic’ employee is perceived, perhaps through behaviour, as talented, valued and beautiful, though probably not in a physical sense.

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  • The treaty, called the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, is a major achievement. It starts by immediately targeting 12 particularly toxic POPs for reduc- tion and eventual elimination. More importantly, it sets up a system for tackling additional chemicals identified as unacceptably hazardous. It recognizes that a special effort may sometimes be needed to phase out certain chemicals for certain uses and seeks to ensure that this effort is made. It also channels resources into cleaning up the existing stockpiles and dumps of POPs that litter the world’s landscape.

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  • The increasing number of countries for which a Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) has been compiled testifies to the usefulness of this integrated data framework. Considerable resources are always involved in the construction of a SAM, for it provides a comprehensive description of an economy with emphasis on distributive aspects. This means that, unlike other data systems, incomes and expenditures of several categories of households and their relation to the production structure, the balance of payments and transactions by other institutions are shown.

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  • Reliable and cost-effective monitoring will be an important part of making GS a safe, effective, and acceptable method for CO2 control. Monitoring will be required as part of the permitting process for underground injection and will be used for a number of purposes, such as tracking the location of the plume of injected CO2, ensuring that injection and abandoned wells are not leaking, and verifying the quantity of CO2 that has been injected underground.

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  • We conclude this paper with a description of our preliminary architectural design for the Piazza system (Figure 1), which focuses on the dynamic data placement problem mentioned above. Our goals are scalability even with large numbers of nodes and moderately frequent updates. We model a data origin as an entity distinct from the peers in the system (though a peer can actually serve both roles) — Piazza can only guarantee availability of data while its origin is a member of the network, and only the origin may update its data.

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  • The concept of aesthetic labour is partly seen from the perspective of ethics. There may be strictly applied selection criteria for the recruitment and selection of new employees. For an appointments panel such a situation could cause conflict between organisational requirements and personal private views on what is moral or fair. The ethical problem concerns the Human Resource manager, who wishes to appoint someone, but who needs professional reasons for appointing a less attractive person.

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  • With the continued rapid development of the global economy and constant increase in population, the overall demand for wood and wood based products will likely continue to increase in the future. According to a FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization) global outlook study on the trends of demand for wood products, there will be an increase in demand of the order of 20% by 2010. The current concern is whether this future demand for forest products can be met sustainably [FAO 1997].

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  • The International Institute for Sustainable Development contributes to sustainable development by advancing policy recommendations on international trade and investment, economic policy, climate change and energy, measurement and assessment, and sustainable natural resources management. Through the Internet, we report on international negotiations and share knowledge gained through collaborative projects with global partners, resulting in more rigorous research, capacity building in developing countries and better dialogue between North and South.

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  • Despite increasing international recognition of the threat posed by terrorists’ use of the Internet in recent years, there is currently no universal instrument specifically addressing this pervasive facet of terrorist activity. Moreover, there is limited specialized training available on the legal and practical aspects of the investigation and prosecution of terrorism cases involving the use of the Internet. The present publication complements the existing resources developed by UNODC in the areas of counter-terrorism, cybercrime and rule of law.

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  • The overall cost of answering a query includes the transfer cost from the storage provider or data origin to the query evaluator, the cost of resources utilized at the query evaluator and other nodes, and the cost to transfer the results to the query initiator. The data placement problem is to distribute data and work so the full query workload is answered with lowest cost under the existing resource and bandwidth constraints.

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  • The concept of aesthetic labour and sprezzatura may offer a new way of seeing employees. The concept needs to be tested along two routes – the employee and the organisation. The focus is firstly inwards to the recruitment, selection and training of staff and secondly outwards, to the public faces the organisation presents to the specific business environment. In the first of the two roles at least, the Human Resource manager can have a major influence and here ethical concerns may be considered as operational embedded practical aspects to daily work.

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  • Universities seem not well prepared to ‘educate’ transformation skills. Like undergraduate programs, most MBA programs focus on traditional, disciplinary knowledge (e.g. marketing, accounting / finance, human resources, operations management, and information systems), although complex transformations require cross-disciplinary skills. Even at renowned business schools, integrated, cross-disciplinary pro- grams focusing on change are hard to find (Team Denzler, 2002). If they exist at all, ‘change’ programs often are restricted to soft factors and exclude technology issues.

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  • Each unit consist of one to two weeks work and include an introduction, objectives, reading materials, exercises, conclusion, summary, tutor marked assignment (TMAs) and marking scheme, references and other resources. The unit directs you to work on exercises related to the required reading. In general this exercise questions you on the material you have just covered or required you to apply it in some way and thereby, help you to gauge your progress and to reinforce your comprehension of the material.

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  • Tuberculosis is transmitted from person to person by respiratory droplets. Although some people develop active tuberculosis disease after infection, almost all tuberculosis infections are asymptomatic and remain latent. Latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) itself progresses to active disease in approximately 5% to 10% of infected persons. The rate of progression is much greater in immunocompromised individuals. The estimated 2 billion people living with LTBI represent a vast reservoir of potential cases of tuberculosis around the world.

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  • Despite the reprimand, the program manager contracted with consultants to meet with state legislators and testify in favor of legislation even though he did not have the authority to do so. The Executive Director stated in an interview that he was not aware of these activities or that the program manager was not complying with the terms of the reprimand further demonstrating he was not providing adequate oversight of the program manager.

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  • Advanced Storage Tiering. Having seen the benefits of expanded storage tiers, EMC will continue to implement a tiered/shared model. The plan is to automate data movement between tiers and selectively use solid-state disk for applications that require high performance. Dense, affordable SATA disk will continue to be the standard otherwise. EMC plans to implement Fully Automated Storage Tiering (FAST) for automated, policy-based data movement, which will help streamline storage costs and maximize resource utilization.

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