Absolute risk

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  • We present a Minimum Bayes Risk (MBR) decoder for statistical machine translation. The approach aims to minimize the expected loss of translation errors with regard to the BLEU score. We show that MBR decoding on N -best lists leads to an improvement of translation quality. We report the performance of the MBR decoder on four different tasks: the TCSTAR EPPS Spanish-English task 2006, the NIST Chinese-English task 2005 and the GALE Arabic-English and Chinese-English task 2006. The absolute improvement of the BLEU score is between 0.2% for the TCSTAR task and 1.

    pdf4p hongvang_1 16-04-2013 12 1   Download

  • This book grows out of 20 years’ banking research and training of bankers in Europe, the Americas, Africa and Asia. As deregulation and competition are reducing margins around the world, the need for knowledge on Asset and Liability Management, the control of bank’s profit and risks, becomes an absolute necessity for any banker in charge of a profit centre, central bankers in charge of bank supervision, and banks’ auditors, consultants or lawyers.

    pdf171p vigro23 28-08-2012 91 46   Download

  • CHAPTER 10 The Interdependence of Managed Futures Risk Measures. Practitioners today are faced with a wide choice of methods to measure return and risk in portfolios, either in absolute or relative terms. The Sharpe ratio, maximum drawdown, and semideviation are common examples.

    pdf17p mama15 21-10-2010 56 9   Download

  • This book is written for the general practitioner in small animal practice. The aim is to supply all the information required to be able to practice good dentistry. There is a real opportunity, if not an absolute need, to improve the practice of dentistry and oral surgery in general practice. While the discipline is taught in most veterinary schools, the time restrictions of the basic veterinary curriculum generally do not allow adequate coverage. This book presents comprehensive and detailed knowledge of how to prevent, diagnose and treat common dental diseases in the dog and cat.

    pdf0p mnemosyne75 02-02-2013 19 5   Download

  • This is a book serving the second of these two kinds of knowledge, a book that I have intended that the reader should be able to dip into from time to time. I hope it may also serve that other thing with which knowledge is so often mistaken: understanding. If one’s appetite is whetted, as I hope may occasionally be the case, there are loads of decent texts that provide solid main courses and desserts.

    pdf399p kimngan_1 05-11-2012 10 1   Download

  • A fund’s inventory of risks may be grouped or organized in different ways. One approach is to consider risks within two broad categories—investment risk and business operational risk. A board’s focus, though, should be on the key risks to the funds, and not on each discrete risk that exists. Investment risk is, in absolute terms, the risk of incurring any loss in the portfolio in pursuit of investment return, or, in relative terms, the risk of incurring losses greater than, or of earning gains less than, those of a benchmark index or alternative investment.

    pdf229p khanhchilam 29-03-2013 35 8   Download

  • Good nutrition is vital to good health and is absolutely essential for the healthy growth and development of  children and adolescents. Major causes of morbidity and mortality in the United States are related to poor diet and  a sedentary lifestyle. Specific diseases and conditions linked to poor diet include cardiovascular disease, hyper­ tension, dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes, overweight and obesity, osteoporosis, constipation, diverticular disease, iron deficiency anemia, oral disease, malnutrition, and some cancers.

    pdf60p ut_hai_can 26-12-2012 33 3   Download

  • The ever-present element of risk and uncertainty means that the events and tasks leading to completion can never be foretold with absolute accuracy. Examples abound of projects that have exceeded their costs by enormous amounts, finishing late or even being abandoned before completion. Such failures are far too common, seen in all kinds of projects in industry, commerce and (especially, it seems) the public sector.

    pdf6p lenh_hoi_xung 21-02-2013 27 3   Download

  • This section explores the effect of CEO compensation on firm risk. We have noted in Section I that the effect of an increase in firm risk on CEO’s wealth depends on how much of this wealth comes from stock options relative to other forms of compensation such as salary and stock holdings. For a CEO who cares about percentage changes in wealth rather than absolute changes in wealth, we can measure this effect through the total CEO wealth elasticity with respect to stock volatility.

    pdf82p bocapchetnguoi 06-12-2012 23 1   Download

  • SRH programs can help improve the nutritional status of women and their children and advance progress on the hunger and maternal and child health targets. Supplemental feeding programs for pregnant women, improving wom- en’s knowledge of the nutritional requirements of themselves and their children and increasing women’s power to negotiate access to needed nutrition must be part of a multi-intervention strategy. Closely spaced pregnancies and the associated high fertility levels place women at an increased risk of anemia and other conditions of absolute and relative malnutrition.

    pdf55p thankinhphanliet 21-12-2012 18 1   Download

  • Maharashtra have estimated adult HIV prevalence less than one per cent. While all high prevalence states had shown decline in prevalence between 2006 and 2009, rising trends are noted in some new states namely Orissa, Assam, Chandigarh, Kerala, Jharkhand and Meghalaya. It may be noted that though prevalence is declining, in terms of absolute numbers, it may not be so because of large population size. The epidemic in India is higher in urban areas than rural areas and greater among males than females.

    pdf82p nhamnhiqa 01-03-2013 15 1   Download

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